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Chinese Mainland

    Republic of China
Flag of North China Political Council 
Official Name: Republic of China, North China Political Council (after defeat in Western Insurrection)
Ruling Party: Kuomintang - Gaopai
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

The Republic of China, and the Kuomintang that led it, met their end at Chongqing in the Second Sino-Japanese War. In its place stood Wang Jingwei's China and his KMT, a sickly Japanese puppet carrying a facade of being China's legitimate rulers and Sun Yat-sen's true successors. Powerless, ravaged, and divided, there seems to be little hope in China's future, but hope is being reignited in the nation's most remote corners. With time, effort, and diligence, maybe China can be made whole again.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: Instead of the Four Modernizations (of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science with technology) implemented by Deng Xiaoping in OTL, there are Five Modernizations (education, technology, industrialization, militarization, and reunification) outlined by President Gao Zongwu.
  • Authority in Name Only: Formally, the Republican government in Nanjing is the governing body over the entirety of the old Qing Empire but Manchuria and Guangdong. In reality, it only controls the eastern portion of the country.
  • Be Careful What You Wish For: In the 70s, China will try and break free from Japan, sparking the Great Asian War. However, it would be an endeavor with a hefty price in death and destruction, whether or not the Chinese even win.
  • Bittersweet Ending: If China wins the Great Asian War, the nation will be completely devastated, with millions of Chinese people dead. But China becomes a free nation once again, and the survivors of China can begin to rebuild their nation for a better tomorrow.
  • Les Collaborateurs: The new Republic of China was formed by the collaborationist regime of Wang Jingwei during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Within the government, there are pro-Japanese factions that want to further integrate China with Japan.
  • Crapsaccharine World: The Co-Prosperity Sphere boast of how China has reached a golden era of unprecedented prosperity and glory under a fair and equal partnership with Japan. Even ignoring the millions of people who were needlessly massacred to achieve this "dream", the weak and divided state of China in 1962 show that this narrative is total farce.
  • Necessary Evil: For backwards China, industrializing is extremely difficult, and many tragic stories of poor people in China suffering during the push towards full industrialization can appear throughout the playthrough. Yet despite all the hardships that ensue, industrialization is absolutely required to achieve the greater good of putting China on its feet again.
  • Occupiers Out of Our Country: Despite being controlled by a collaborationist regime, anti-Japanese sentiment is still very strong. To prevent Japan from cracking down on Gao's government while rebuilding itself, China needs to manage its internal factions and prevent conflicts. However, when China does fully rebuild itself, fighting a war to liberate China from the Japanese might not be out of the question...
  • Puppet State: In spite of Japan's proclamations that they liberated China from foreign imperialism, it's flagrantly clear that the Chinese have merely traded one oppressor for another and that they exist as a satellite state to be exploited by their conquerors.

Gao Zongwu
Role: Head of State
Party: Kuomintang - Gaopai
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

The current President of the Republic of China, Gao was a former diplomat who was elected as a compromise option in China's fractured government in the years following Wang Jingwei's death, as his humble appearance suited both China and Japan's needs. However, Gao is no mindless pencil-pusher, as years of serving under Wang's failing regime gave him endless doubts on the path that China had taken. Now that he is in power, Gao seeks to atone for China's past mistakes and guide China to a better future.

  • The Atoner: Gao regrets that he ever decided to collaborate with Japan and now seeks to fight for China's influence to atone for his mistake.
  • Book Ends: One of the first events for China is Gao taking a morning walk near Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Tomb in Nanking, wondering if the Chinese people will ever be free again. If Gao's modernizations fail and his actions lead to a stronger Japanese presence in China, he takes another morning walk near the tomb, wondering the same thing again, but this time he asks himself not in his anticipation of the great changes for the republic, but in a sorrowful expectation of the dark days ahead.
  • Cooperation Gambit: Gao is a Chinese nationalist who seeks to free his country from the Japanese yoke, but he knows that China is still too weak to rise up against Japan, so he bids his time and cooperates with the Japanese, benefiting from their investments to develop and industrialize China before the time comes to overthrow them.
  • Driven to Suicide: If Long Yun's Western Insurrection succeeds, Gao shoots himself out of grief for failing to liberate China more peacefully and to ensure that Long Yun's forces don't desecrate his corpse.
  • Historical Hero Upgrade: Gao Zongwu in real life is known for facilitating negotiations between Wang Jingwei and Japan, then defecting from Wang Jingwei upon learning of Japan's extremely harsh terms and exposing Wang's plans in 1940. In TNO, President Gao Zongwu is even more of a nationalist and works to totally rebuild China and possibly even rebel against Japan's occupation.
  • Necessary Evil: Gao sees working with Japan and feigning subservience as this. Whether or not he pulls off his plans for the Great Asian War, he nonetheless sees temporary cooperation with his enemies as the key in bolstering China's economy and military while he still can.
  • Realpolitik: Gao is an ardent follower of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, including Chinese nationalism. However, trying to rise up against the Japanese when China is weak would spell certain defeat, and bowing in fully to the Japanese would mean betraying the dreams of Dr. Sun. As such, Gao acts as a mediator between the government factions and Japan, balancing all the different factions to achieve long-term goals.
  • The Starscream: Gao Zongwu's long-term plan for China is for China to rise up against Japan and take Japan's place as the dominant power in Asia in the Great Asian War.
  • Worthy Opponent: Gao considers Chiang Kai-shek to be this, even after his death. Repressive and authoritarian as Chiang was, Gao still respects him for that at least his state was truly independent of any foreign power.
    "Chiang's KMT was many things", pondered Zongwu, "but at least they were free."
    "Maybe we too shall be free."

Tropes pertaining to the rework

Role: Minister of Foreign Affairsnote 
Party: Kuomintang
Ideology: Wang Jingwei Thoughtnote 

  • Anti-Villain: In the China rework teaser, he collaborated with Japan during the Greater East Asian War, but because he genuinely bought into their rhetoric and saw them as the best way to liberate China from European imperialism. When Japan's Co-Prosperity Sphere failed to live up to its promises, Gao intends to demand more fair terms for his homeland.
  • Internal Reformist: Though critical of Japan's colonialism, he earnestly believes that the Sphere can live up to its original goals through internal reform and a more equal partnership between Japan and China, as detailed in his teased biography.
  • You Are a Credit to Your Race: According to his teased biography, Gao is an expert on Japanese culture and one of the few talented politicians of Wang's cabinet. Shiratori Toshio, a former foreign minister from Japan, praised Gao, stating "If Zongwu were a Japanese, I would nominate him as my successor without hesitation."

Chen Gongbo
Role: Head of State (Gao deposed)
Party: Kuomintang - Gaizupai
Ideology: Corporatismnote 

  • Evil Reactionary: Chen despises all of the reforms carried out by Gao, thinking that China is already prospering under the "guidance" of Japan.
  • Laser-Guided Karma: He uses rigged court trials to defame his enemies and have them executed. When Zhou Fohai overthrows him, Chen meets the exact same fate.
  • The Quisling: Chen Gongbo can take over China and usher in a pro-Japanese regime, if the Five Mordernizations fail or if Long Yun deposes Gao.

Tropes pertaining to the rework

Role: President of the Legislative Yuannote  (Lin cabinet)
Party: Kuomintang
Ideology: Wang Jingwei Thoughtnote 

  • Enemy Mine: In an event from the China rework teaser, Chen is approached by Zhou Fohai to work together to depose Lin, even though both have always had an adversarial relationship.
  • Passing the Torch: According to his teased biography, Chen was named by Wang as his next successor, while the President was on his death bed. Unfortunately, Chen Bijun, Wang's widow, intervened and installed Lin Bosheng as her puppet ruler, in which Chen Gongbo only ceded the presidency out of respect for Wang's supposed last wish.
  • Villainous Friendship: From the China rework teaser, Chen was one of the few people who personally cared for Wang Jingwei, always siding with him and even being appointed his successor. Hoping to overthrow Lin, Chen plots to ingrain the late Wang's legacy into China forever.

Zhang Renli
Role: Leader of Gaizu Pai (Japanophile), Economy Minister (Gao cabinet)
Party: Kuomintang - Gaizupai
Ideology: Fascism

  • Heel–Face Turn: Zhang is initially an eager collaborator to the Japanese, but once Gao's modernization plans succeed, he changes his mind and fully commits himself to China's upcoming war for liberation.
  • Pet the Dog: In a rare moment of solidarity, Zhang supports Gao's plan to reinvent China's military doctrines, believing that the old strategies are too outdated to be effective in the modern world.
  • The Quisling: Zhang is a devoted believer in Japan's pan-Asian rheoteric and seeks to disrupt Gao's modernization plans so that China can remain subservient to the Japanese.

Zhou Fohai
Role: Leader of Zhongyang Julebu (Old Guard), Head of Government (Gao cabinet), Head of State (Chen deposed)
Party: Kuomintang - Zhongyang Julebu
Ideology: Artistocratic Conservatismnote 

  • Corrupt Politician: Of the all the Chinese collaborators, Zhou is noted to be the most flagrantly corrupt one.
  • Kangaroo Court: If Chen takes over China, Zhou can plot his downfall by accusing him of treason for working with Japan. This leads to a sham trial that invariably finds Chen guilty and sentended to death.
  • Meet the New Boss: Zhou Fohai is the leader of the Old Guard faction within the Kuomintang who consist of Wang Jingwei's old associates and followers.
  • Opportunistic Bastard: Zhou collaborates with the Japanese because he and the Old Guard can profit off of their occupation of China.

Tropes pertaining to the rework

Role: Minister of Financenote  (Lin cabinet)
Party: Kuomintang
Ideology: Wang Jingwei Thoughtnote 

  • Ambition Is Evil: His primary concern in life is becoming the most powerful person in China, serving and plotting within the collaborationist regime because it's the best avenue to achieve this goal.
  • The Chessmaster: Zhou is a cunning schemer, building a vast web of connections to accumulate more power and outcompete his rivals.
  • Defector from Decadence: Subverted in the China rework teaser. When Wang split off from the Central Club Clique of the Kuomintang, Zhou seemingly joined him, but he actually still maintains some ties and sympathies to the movement.
  • Enemy Mine: When Lin announces the beginning of the Five Modernizations in the China rework teaser, Zhou senses an opportunity to overthrow him and forms an alliance with his rival, Chen Gongbo, to work against their common enemy.
  • The Starscream: In the China rework teaser, Zhou openly plots to overthrow Lin and seize the presidency for himself.

Tao Xisheng
Role: Leader of Weixin Pai (Reformist), Foreign Minister (Gao cabinet)
Party: Kuomintang - Weixinpai
Ideology: Paternalism

  • Internal Reformist: Tao leads the reformist faction in China, which advocates the modernization of China for its eventual liberation from Japan.
  • Old Friend: Tao is one of Gao's oldest friends and is just as reform-minded as he is.

Wang Yintai
Role: Head of State (Great Asian War)
Party: North China Political Council
Ideology: Corporatismnote 

  • Puppet King: When Long Yun's Western Insurrection succeeds and Gao commits suicide, Yintai is ascended to lead the Republic fragment state, though he's largely just a figurehead for the sake of justifying Japanese imperialism over China.
  • The Quisling: Wang enthusiastically believes that the Japanese occupation of China is the best route for his homeland against the aggression of European imperialists and for modernization.

"The Setting Sun" Update

Upcoming content coming with the China rework in the "The Setting Sun" update

  • Blatant Lies: In a Chinese newspaper teaser, pro-Japanese propaganda espouse all sorts of lies to whitewash their invasion of China and blame it on something else, usually the Communist Party of China. In perhaps the most outrageous example, a Chinese newspaper claims that Japan wanted a peaceful coexistence with China and only invaded because the CPC plotted the Marco Polo Bridge Incident that started the Greater East Asian War. The reworked Chine teaser show that most can see through the deception, but go along with it because they have no choice.
  • Crapsaccharine World: Contrary to what propaganda might say, China is in a severely crippled state after their crushing defeat by Japan and all but one of their teased national spirits is some kind of debuff. The economy is in utter shambles, the oligarchs and collaborators are ignorant to the criess of their people, and the Chinese spirit is in dire straits. Even the one positive teased national spirit ("Core Member of the Sphere") speaks ill about China's state, mentioning that their de jure seniority over the rest of the Sphere is an excuse for Japan to extract even more wealth from them for its own defense and infrastructure.
  • Historical Hero Upgrade: An in-universe example from a teaser Chinese newspaper. Wang Jingwei, the original head of state for Japan's puppet Chinese government, is hailed by Japanese media as a national hero who liberated his country from the threat of imperialism and communism by advancing the pan-Asian cause, romanticizing the fact that he betrayed his nation to help a foreign, colonizing empire.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em: In a teased national spirit, most are aware that China is in an unequal partnership with Japan, but few would dare challenge their neighboring superpower.
  • Paper Tiger: Depicted in the China rework teaser. Ostensibly the Jewel of the Sphere, China's military, the ROC Armed Forces, is an absolute embarassment. Whenever they are sent to quash the NRA or CPC remnants, the ROCAF is always trounced and forced to scurry back to Nanjing, which has only further crushed their morale. Many have half-seriously joked about the IJA replacing the ROCAF completely and that's one of the nicer things people have said about.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: According to the China rework teaser, factionalism plagues the Nanjing government, which worsened after the death of Wang and the abdication of Chen Gongbo and Zhou Fohai. Lin is no respected leader by his peers and many are preparing to overthrow him.

Lin Bosheng

Role: Head of State
Party: Kuomintang
Ideology: Wang Jingwei Thoughtnote 

  • Nepotism: His teased biography mentions that he started as a mere propagandist with minimal experience in politics, which his makes ascension to the presidency highly suspect. As such, some suspect that his close relationship with Chen Bijun, the widow of Wang Jingwei, contributed to his promotion.
  • Pragmatic Villainy: In the teased starting event, Lin announces the beginning of the Five Modernizations to repair the country's sorry state, but only to live up to the ideals of Wang and turn China into an equal "brother" to Japan.
  • Propaganda Machine: From the reworked China teaser, Lin ignorantly believes in Japan's Pan-Asian lies, where he's organized many propaganda campaigns in favor of their invasion.
  • Small Name, Big Ego: Depicted in his teased biography, where Lin dreams of himself as Dr. Sun and Wang's greatest disciple and not a cowardly collaborator whose career was only accelerated because of his nepotistic connections.

Li Shiqun

Role: Minister of National Policenote  (Lin cabinet)
Party: Kuomintang
Ideology: Wang Jingwei Thoughtnote 

  • Animal Motifs: His teased biography compares him to a serpent, fitting his scheming nature and willingness to shift political ideologies depending on which one will be most advantageous.
  • Dirty Cop: From the China rework teaser, Li practically runs Jessfield 76 like a gang, extorting money from innocent civilians and kidnapping anyone who doesn't pay up.
  • The Spymaster: In the reworked China teaser, Li serves as the head of Jessfield 76, hunting down and destroying dissidents and underground rebel movements.

    Empire of Manchuria
Official Name: Empire of Manchuria, State of Manchuria (monarchy abolished)
Ruling Party: Manzhouguo Xiehehui/Sōmucho
Ideology: Corporatismnote 
The Empire of Manchuria is Japan's puppet state at Northeastern China. Manchuria is the crown jewel of Japan's Co-Prosperity Sphere, with significant industrial development and the diverse populations working together in unison. However, beneath a facade of peace and prosperity, lawlessness and danger persist across the nation.

  • Les Collaborateurs: The Manchurian civilian government and Imperial Army are made up of Chinese, Koreans and Mongolians who collaborate with the Empire of Japan.
  • Crapsaccharine World: Compared to the mess that China, Russia, and Europe is in, Manchuria appears to be a fairly modernized and stable Japanese puppet state. Despite this, the rural areas are still rife with low-level rebels, the Amur coastline is more or less completely lawless, and the government does not fully control the Kwantung Army, who may be planning for something big of their own...
  • Deadly Gas: Unit 731 is still working in Manchuria, producing biological and chemical weapons.
  • Deal with the Devil: When the USSR collapsed, the Kwantung Army annexed a big section of the Amur coastline. These territories are majority Russian and largely lawless, with only Vladivostok being useful to the administration. Manchukuo can either send colonists there or use them as a bargaining chip with Konstantin Rodzaevsky, the powerful Russian fascist warlord based in Amur.
  • Dirty Cop: Nearly all of the police are corrupt officers who engage in a number of crimes, including opium trade, but the government turns a blind eye to it because they're one of the few moderating influences against the Kwantung Army.
  • Forbidden Zone: Downplayed. While official propaganda presents Manchuria as fairly open and prosperous, in practice much of it is closed off even to other Japanese by the Kwantung Army. Few in Tokyo are even aware of what actually goes on behind the facade.
  • The Friend Nobody Likes: Not unlike Burgundy, Manchuria is seen by Japan as either a humiliation or akin to skeletons in the closet. Which isn't helped by how few are really aware of what's actually occurring within its borders, thanks in no small part to the Kwantung Army.
  • Man Behind the Man: The Kwantung Army are the true masters of Manchuria.
  • Mega-Corp: Japanese corporations establish themselves in Manchuria, Asia's third-largest industrial nation, and twist national laws in the name of profit.
  • Military Coup: In the aftermath of Puyi's death, the Kwantung Army and Imperial Army can launch a coup, abolishing both the monarchy and the civilian government, and dropping the last pretence that Manchuria was anything more than a Japanese puppet.
  • Puppet State: The Empire of Manchuria is a puppet of Japan, where both the Japanese bureaucracy and the Kwantung Army play important roles in the apparatus of state and political society. Japanese bureaucrats are made the vice-ministers of all Manchurian ministries, blocking the passage of any initiative that may impinge on Japan's ability to extort concessions from Manchuria. In the Great Asian War, Manchuria is the only Sphere member that will never fight against Japan under any circumstances.
  • The Remnant: The partisans still lurking in the vast countryside are mentioned as being very much the last of their kind within their corner of the Co-Prosperity Sphere, with Kim Il-Sung's Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army being all that remains of organized Korean resistance.
  • La Résistance: Partisans continue to operate in the steppes and plains of Outer Manchuria, most notably Kim Il-sung's Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army. Konstantin Rodzaevsky will eventually have to deal with them once he unites the Russian Far East and asks Japan to return Outer Manchuria to him.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: The Kwantung Army is sharply divided between the reformist Sejima and the reactionary Katakura, which doesn't help Manchuria's already tense political atmosphere.
  • Vice City: Cities in Manchuria are plagued by opium and prostitution, and the Japanese bureaucracy actively peddles these excesses.

Aisin Gioro Puyi
Role: Head of State
In-Game Biography Click to Show 
The puppet emperor of Manchukuo, Puyi is the last living emperor of China. In reality, Puyi has very little power and is effectively under house arrest in his imperial palace.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: Some of Puyi's experiences, as detailed in his diaries, are based on the real experiences of the real Puyi, who lived in isolation as a deposed emperor in Manchuria and Communist China.
  • Bad Boss: In a teaser event, Puyi is still bitter over how little respect anyone gives him and he uses what minimal power he has to verbally abuse his household servants, aggressively barking commands to them to vent his frustration.
  • The Cynic: In the teaser event "Pebble in the Ocean", Puyi admonishes his reformist brother Pujie as a foolish idealist, believing that there is no hope for Manchuria to gain greater sovreignty from Japan. It's also why he's got no motivation to avert his status as Puppet King.
  • Dying Alone: His death, though attended by a few dignitaries (including Emperor Hirohito), is largely ignored by the rest of the world, and ultimately forgotten.
  • Gilded Cage: Puyi is more or less under house arrest in a big fancy imperial palace, only ever leaving for trivial state duties.
  • Manchild: Puyi was never raised as a responsible person and he is reaching 60. As he talked about himself in real life:
    "For the past forty years I had never folded my own quilt, made my own bed, or poured out my washing water. I had never even washed my own feet or tied my shoes."
  • Puppet King: Manchukuo is in practice directly ruled by Japan's Kwantung Army. Puyi has very little power and has been under effective house arrest for the past three decades, which has greatly contributed to his depression.
  • Small Name, Big Ego: Hardly anyone respects him outside of being a tool to be used, but Puyi thinks he's far smarter than the Japanese give him credit for and could've averted his figurehead status. Not that he ever tries to back up his talk with action.

Aisin Gioro Pujie
Role: Head of State (Puyi succession)
Party: Manzhouguo Xiehehui
Ideology: Artistocratic Conservatismnote 

  • Dark Horse Victory: With a lack of clear succession law and significant internal opposition, Pujie's ascension to the throne is unlikely, but remarkable if it actually does happen.
  • Royals Who Actually Do Something: Unlike his brother Puyi, Pujie is charismatic, powerful, and motivated to reform Manchuria and steer it away from dependence on Japan. This is also the only path that does not abolish the monarchy after the death of Puyi.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Pujie's sovereigntist faction includes his other family members, Aisin Gioro Yuyan and Gobulo Runqi, who all have differing aims for Manchuria.

Gu Ciheng
Role: Foreign Minister (Puyi and Pujie cabinet), Head of State (Coup)
Party: Sōmucho
Ideology: Reform Bureacracynote 

  • The Coup: Allying himself with the bureaucracy, Gu launched a coup against the civilian government to abolish the dissident reformist factions in Manchuria.
  • Puppet King: Even though his coup establishes Gu as the president of Manchuria, his power is solely reliant on the backing of a bureaucratic coalition that seeks to reinvigorate Manchuria's failing industry. Gu himself knows that he has no real authority of his own, but he's content to remain a figurehead anyway.
  • The Quisling: Gu leads the Japonphile faction who slavishly collaborate with the Empire for their own benefit.
  • Visionary Villain: Gu himself is pretty unambitious, but his bureaucratic allies are eager to implement drastic industrial plans that will maximize the productivity of Manchuria.

Sejima Ryūzō
Role: Military Commander, Foreign Minister (Gu cabinet), Head of State (Military Coup), Head of Government (Sejima cabinet)
Party: Kantōgun - Manshū-ha
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Allohistorical Allusion: In OTL, Manchuria was the last place that Sejima was stationed in before being captured by the Soviets. His more pragmatic, if not lenient rule, meanwhile, is based on his real life exploits as a business tycoon in postwar Japan.
  • Les Collaborateurs: Sejima employs a network of native collaborators to govern Manchuria for him, as their presence would make his rule seem more benevolent and legitimate.
  • A Lighter Shade of Black: Sejima's no saint, but he's leading the moderate faction of the Kwantung Army in opposition to the more repressive Katakura.
  • Military Coup: Upon Puyi's passing, Sejima can launch a coup against the civilian government, planning to reform Manchuria's inefficient administration.
  • The Purge: Shortly after taking power, Sejima begins purging dissident factions who oppose his agenda.
  • Pragmatic Villainy: In a speech, Sejima pledges to improve Manchuria's economy, start urbanization programs, and curb the government's worst excesses, intending to turn the country into a productive member of the Co-Prosperity Sphere.

Katakura Tadashi
Role: Military Commander, Leader of the Military, Security Minister (Gu cabinet), Head of State (Military Coup), Head of Government (Katakura cabinet)
Party: Kantōgun - Seitō-ha
Ideology: Ultramilitarism

  • The Dreaded: Katakura is dreaded by many as a merciless general who is closesly tied to the Reform Bureaucrats and keep Manchuria under the Japanese boot.
  • Evil Reactionary: Katakura and his clique have upheld Tōjō's idea of the Kwantung Army remaining subordinate to Japanese superiors and subjugating Manchuria further, even years after Tōjō's passing.
  • Military Coup: If he believes that the situation in Manchuria grows too chaotic upon Puyi's passing, Katakura will lead the Kwantung Army to coup the civilian government and install himself as dictator to restore order.
  • Pragmatic Villainy: Although Katakura believes that Manchuria should become a militarized, defense state, he's avoided direct action against civilian government because it's much easier to pressure administrators to do his bidding than take direct control himself. However, this could change if the domestic situation becomes too chaotic.

Ruan Zhenduo
Role: Prime Minister of the Concordia Association, Head of Government (Puyi cabinet)
Ideology: Corporatismnote 

  • The Puppet Cuts His Strings: Zhenduo's Concordia Association was initially a powerless institution that ostensibly gave the non-Japanese people of Manchuria a voice, but was truthfully a rubber stamp for the Empire. However, Puyi's growing apathy and Japan's internal divisions have allowed Zhenduo to become more assertive and acquire the necessary political influence to potentially influence succession to the imperial throne.
  • The Quisling: Despite being a native of Manchuria, Zhenduo has chosen to work with Japan to maintain their control over his own country.

Sakomizu Hisatsune

Role: Director-General of Sōmuchō, Head of Government (Gu cabinet)

  • Industrialized Evil: Sakomizu is the leader of the Sōmuchō, a faction of colonial bureaucrats who advocate the complete subordination of Manchuria's economy to extract its rich natural resources, no matter the human cost. This became the basis of the "Reform Bureaucracy" ideology.
  • Visionary Villain: Sakomizu and the Sōmuchō envision a new technocratic system that focuses more on maximizing resource output than financial capital, which they believe should spearhead Japan's pan-Asian mission.

Takasaki Tatsunosuke

Role: President of Mangyō

  • Corrupt Corporate Executive: Takasaki's company dominates nearly every aspect of Manchurian life and powerful enough to match the German megacorporations in Europe, but it's extremely corrupt, more focused on maximizing profit rather than reforming itself to adapt to the Sphere's post-war problems.
  • Morton's Fork: Almost everyone knows that Takasaki's Mangyō corporation is sluggish and corrupt to the core, but few want to enact sweeping changes to it because it's such a cornerstone to the Sphere's economy. Either way, Manchuria's stability would suffer.

Lu Guangji

Role: Leader of the People

  • Pragmatic Villainy: While Lu doesn't care about what the people think about pan-Asianism and Japanese imperialism, he does want to implement token reforms so that they will at least be apathetic enough to tolerate living in Manchuria.
  • The Quisling: He is among the many native Chinese collaborators assisting in Japan's pan-Asian mission.

Yu Jingtao

Role: Commisioner of the Manchurian Imperial Police

  • Token Good Teammate: Downplayed. Jingtao is set to investigate and resolve the deep corruption found in the Manchurian police force, but there are rumors that he has quite a few corrupt dealings himself.

    State of Guangdong
Flag of the State of Liangguang 

Official Name: State of Guangdong, State of Liangguang (Guangxi takeover after victory in Western Insurrection)
Ruling Party: Kanton Minseifu
Ideology: Corporate Statismnote 

An artificial colonial state carved out of China's Guangdong province by the Empire of Japan, whose internal politics is dominated by Japanese electronic zaibatsus.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: The design of Guangdong seems to be inspired by China's Special Administrative Regions and Special Economic Zones; Guangdong's "LegCo" and "Chief Executive" are both used in OTL China's SARs, while its status as a hyper-capitalist region focused on economic prosperity above all else mirrors China's SEZs (of which Guangdong is a part in real life). Japan's plans for Guangdong also mirrors China's plans for the Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Greater Bay Area megalopolis.
  • Alternate Character Reading: Cities in Guangdong, except Hong Kong and Macau, use the Japanese on'yomi readings of their Chinese names.
  • Arms Dealer: In a dev stream, the corporations in Guangdong get into experimenting with new weapons to sell to the rest of the Sphere, contributing to the war effort in conflicts like the Malayan Emergency. In these proxy wars, the more in-game objectives are completed by these experimental units, the more economic benefits the corporations will receive.
  • Auction: Following the Yasuda Crisis, the titular corporation's remaining assets are put up on auction for the other companies to buy out, as shown in a dev stream. This allows the other companies to severely weaken a rival and accumulate more support in the Legislative Council.
  • Awesome, but Impractical: From the Guangdong dev stream, many of the "innovations" in military technology that the different companies are conceptualizing falls squarely into this category, such as Sony's "modular" assault rifle made to switch between Japanese and Chinese produced ammo types and Fujitsu's eletronic nightvision scope which requires that the user carry around a special 50 kg battery backpack at all times in order to keep it powered.
  • But Not Too Foreign: Especially around Kōshū (Guangzhou), Macau and Honkon (Hong Kong), a mixed Zhujin culture has emerged, the result of Japanese influence and settlers displacing the native Chinese. As a result, while the people have little attachment to Guangdong as a political concept, neither are they keen to bow to the will of Nanjing or Tokyo.
  • Capitalism Is Bad: A major theme in Guangdong's story is the abuses and corruption brought on by uncontrolled Japanese capitalism, as wealthy mega-corporations exploit and prosper off the backs of abused Chinese laborers.
  • Les Collaborateurs: Guangdong's administration seeks greater cooperation from the old business elite that dominated Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta before the war. However, the Japanese megacorporations aren't keen on giving the Chinese oligarchs and tycoons too much leeway.
  • Contempt Crossfire: The Zhujin consist of Chinese people native to Guangdong who makeup the state's educated middle class and often receive more privileges than the average person. This naturally makes them despised by the native Chinese as foreign collaborators, while Japan sees them only as useful proxies to leash Guangdong to the Sphere.
  • Corrupt Politician: A historic inclination towards (very) small government, massive volumes of financial transactions, and loose oversight have all created a culture of corruption within Guangdong's government. The temptation to accept 'tea money' is universal and makes the business of government far more difficult to conduct.
  • Cyberpunk: The pervasive corporatocracy, government corruption, and setting in the highly urbanized Pearl River Delta lean into the aesthetic even more so than Novosibirsk.
  • Dirty Cop: The Guangdong Police Force consists of little more than blue-clad, jack-booted thugs with endless pockets and little oversight.
  • Evil Versus Evil: With a few exceptions like Morita, the Japanese conglomerates that dominate Guangdong are all exploitative companies that have oppressed the Chinese to use as cheap labor and are waging corporate wars against each other to beat out the competition.
  • Fictional Country: Even moreso than Manchukuo, Guangdong is a completely artificial state invented by the Japanese to make money, and has no real reason to exist. An important part of Guangdong content is forming the Guangdong national identity, making a state from nothing.
  • For Science!: A somewhat unique part of Guangdong's gameplay is testing out the various "innovations" in military technology conceptualized by the various Mega Corps. For this, a special "Research Regiment" is generated, which the player can then take into the various Japanese proxy-conflicts as a "volunteer regiment". But the goal with the Research Regiment isn't to win battles, but rather test out how their new fancy hardware (of often questionable usefulness) fare when used in battlefield conditions, so it actually doesn't manner if the regiment performs poorly in combat and end up losing a lot of men in pointless battles; the explict victory condition is getting the testing of the equipment done in and off itself.
  • Foreign Ruling Class: Japanese settlers in Guangdong enjoy preferential treatment while native Chinese are second-class citizens, if they have the fortune of being educated.
  • The Friend Nobody Likes: Teaser events reveal that Guangdong is the least respected member of the Sphere, as China views it as an illegitimate state occupying their territory and Japan has largely shifted their attention away from what they consider an "unnatural tributary". Even Manchuria looks down on Guangdong and is considered a far more prosperous puppet state to Japan.
  • Gameplay and Story Integration: Uniquely, Guangdong has no limits on how much it can spend with its economy because it pretty much serves as a nationwide playground for Japanese corporations to indulge in free-market capitalism and exploitation, so they are given free rein to do whatever they please to maximize their own growth.
  • Going Native: The term Zhujin, normally referring to the educated native Chinese labour aristocracy and petite-bourgeoisie, also encompasses Japanese people who 'go native' and have more roots in Guangdong than they do back home—the most prominent example being Sony CEO Morita Akio.
  • I Am Who?: Guangdong is undergoing an identity crisis, as they're an artificial, Chinese state created out of Japan's spoils of war, leaving them caught between two national identities, while accepted by neither of their homes countries.
  • Man Behind the Man: A consortium of Japanese corporations and local business magnates hold immense influence in Guangdong's Legislative Council. That being said, the Kempeitai constantly remind both the citizenry and nominal rulers on who their real masters are.
  • Mega-Corp: Guangdong's politics are dominated by the financial conglomerate Yasuda and the consumer electronics firms Matsushita, Sony and Fujitsu, who have pervasive control over the "Silicon Delta"'s Legislative Council. Guangdong's mechanics include developing new consumer products to increase a company's market share and political influence as well as keep the state's finances balanced.
  • Mob War: The struggles between the Yakuza and Triads, on top of serving as proxies for the Japanese elite and Chinese workers respectively, mirror the strife emerging across Guangdong's society.
  • One Nation Under Copyright: The seats of the Guangdong Legislative Council are controlled by company representatives rather than party representatives.
  • Police State: The State of Guangdong has a meager native police force, but the Kempeitai has unrivalled surveillance and control of its people.
  • Puppet State: Guangdong is another Japanese puppet state set up in Southern China to maintain their control there.
  • The Triads and the Tongs: The Triads, who have long ruled the Hong Kong underworld, have unsurprisingly grown in strength since the State of Guangdong was formed, and with it their strength and influence among the Chinese underclass. Growing voices advocate for courting them instead of spending considerable resources curtailing them.
  • Yakuza: Rivals to the Triads, the Yakuza are moving in, bringing drugs and crime with them, as the locals despise their alien customs compared to the Triads, even though they're marginally less autocratic and willing to share wealth with local communities.

Suzuki Teiichi
Party: Kanton Minseifu
Ideology: Corporate Statismnote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • Bait-and-Switch: After the catastrophic Yasuda Crisis occurs, a teaser shows the game switching over to a focus tree based on allying with either the Chinese, Zhujin, or Japanese, culminating in the passage of the Financial Stabilization Ordinance to halt the impending economic collapse. Unfortunately, all of the corporations and tycoons side against Suzuki and hold a vote of no confidence to have him sacked, switching his focus tree to shoring up as much support as possible to retain his power.
  • Corrupt Politician: Suzuki has kept most his clique loyal to him by donating them sizable "gifts" to buy their allegiance.
  • Enemy Mine: To strengthen Guangdong's policing, Suzuki can ally with either the Japanese Yakuza or the Chinese Triads to rein in the criminal underworld.
  • Failure Is the Only Option:
    • No matter how successful his early economic policies are, a dev stream shows that Suzuki will be snubbed and ignored in the Pan-Asian Economic Conference, as he'll be deemed too unimportant to focus on. This leaves Suzuki frustrated, who vows that Guangdong will eventually outpace Manchuria in economic productivity through sheer ingenuity.
    • In a Guangdong dev stream, Suzuki will ultimately be forced to resign from his position after the Yasuda Crisis, since many blame him for the economic downturn and pull their support for him in the Legislative Council. Even if he scrounges up a good majority of seats from the Legislative Council to reject the vote of no confidence, they'll inevitably turn on him and leave him with only twelve seats as support, far less than he needs to retain power.
  • Pragmatic Villainy: While he has no special affection for the Chinese, Suzuki is keenly aware that without the resources from Tokyo to maintain a strong security apparatus, naked repression is not a sustainable solution to Chinese dissident activity.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: Even though he was part of the victorious Tōjō cabinet from World War II, Suzuki went largely passed over for opportunities that could grant him greater political power until Ino sent him to govern Guangdong, using flattery to disguise the fact that it was just a means of getting rid of a loose end. Suzuki saw through this, but accepted the opportunity anyway in the hopes of earning favor back in Tokyo.
  • Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman: Suzuki in OTL was a Japanese lieutenant general who served as a military attaché to China during the interwar period, was a close aide to Hideki Tojo, and served as an economic minister during WWII.note  In TNO, he was placed in the position of Chief Executive of the State of Guangdong due to his experience with interacting with the Chinese, military connections, and economic expertise.
  • Stupid Evil: His unwillingness to reduce the corruption in Guangdong inflicts horrid debuffs on the country's economy and political power gain.
  • Villainous Breakdown: As the Legislative Council holds a vote of no confidence against Suzuki in a Guangdong dev stream, Suzuki begins to lose his composure and desperately resort to any means to retain his power.
  • We Hardly Knew Ye: Once the Yasuda Crisis hits Guangdong, Suzuki's already tarnished reputation goes down the drain and he's forced to resign from his position.

Matsuzawa Takuji
Role: Chief Secretarynote  (Suzuki cabinet), Head of State (Suzuki succession)
Party: Rippoukai - Zaikaiha
Ideology: Corporatocracynote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • Corrupt Politician: Matsuzawa's Yasuda conglomerate is one of the Big Four zaibatsus in Japan and the largest of the corporations in Guangdong. As such, Matsuzawa's pockets are deep, allowing him to buy favors in the Legislative Council and accumulate more power for himself.
  • Kicked Upstairs: In the aftermath of Suzuki's downfall, a teaser reveals that the position of Chief Executive is thrust upon Matsuzawa by the other three major tycoons, knowing that he would be too busy trying to clean up his predecessor's mess and leaving Yasuda vulnerable to be auctioned off.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: Or at least he suspects that this may have happened to him. For ambiguous reasons, Yasuda sent Matsuzawa to expand their influence in Guangdong, potentially to remove him as a political rival in the Japanese home isles. Now, Matsuzawa wants to find out why he was unofficially ejected and how he can return back to Tokyo.
  • Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman: Matsuzawa Takuji was the president of Fuji Bank from 1975-1981, having joined the company when it was still known as the Yasuda Bank, the center of the Yasuda zaibatsu before its dissolution. In TNO, he becomes the representative director of the Guangdong branch of Yasuda Holdings, and can be elected to the position of Chief Executive in Guangdong.
  • Sacrificial Lion: Following the Yasuda Crisis and the collapse of his company, a power vacuum is created in the Legislative Council, leaving it to Cheung Kong or Hitachi to fill in the gap.
  • You Can't Go Home Again: Matsuzawa was assigned by the Yasuda corporation to represent their interests in Guangdong, but he considers it nothing more than a banishment. Now, he just wants to somehow find a way back home to Japan.

Morita Akio
Role: External Secretarynote  (Matsuzawa and Matsushita cabinet), Head of State (Matsuzawa succession)
Party: Rippoukai - Minseiha
Ideology: Corporate Paternalismnote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • In Spite of a Nail: Even though in TNO's lore, Tokyo Telecommunications, the company that would become Sony in OTL, was acquired by Fujitsu in 1952, Sony still exists in TNO because Morita founded a second company named Sonus-Li Electronics Company in 1954. The developers consider Morita's use of the "Sony" name to be a mild case of Acceptable Breaks from Reality, to keep the name recognizable even though it is somewhat contrived in-universe, given the poor relations between Japan and US.
  • Internal Reformist: If he takes power, Morita will begin implementing reforms to reduce the brutal exploitation of the corporations over Guangdong.
  • A Lighter Shade of Black: While still a megacorporation in a cyberpunk-influenced environment, Morita's Sony company is touted as the least abusive of the megacorps, reaching out to the local Chinese and mixed people and trying to represent their interests with their legislative puppets. Morita himself has been described as soft-hearted.
  • Rags to Riches: When Tokyo Telecommunications went bankrupt, Morita was left on the streets of Guangdong as a homeless wreck, seemingly never to return to prominence again. However, he miraculously bounced back after partnering with Li Ka-shing, creating the massive Sony corporation out of Li's single factory
  • We Used to Be Friends: Morita is stark rivals with his former partner, Ibuka Masaru. If Morita takes leadership of Guangdong, he'll draw stern condemnation and opposition from Ibuka.

Matsushita Masaharu
Role: Financial Secretarynote  (Suzuki cabinet), Chief Secretarynote  (Matsuzawa and Ibuka cabinet), External Secretarynote  (Morita cabinet), Head of State (Matsuzawa succession)
Party: Rippoukai - Zaikaiha
Ideology: Corporatocracynote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • Enemy Mine:
    • Part of why he's such an efficient businessman is because he's good at building coalitions among the Japanese elite, compromising and appealing to their interests to earn their cooperation.
    • Sharing a common enmity towards Yasuda and Sony, Matsushita allied himself with Ibuka to temporarily cooperate until their rivals are dealt with.
  • Hidden Depths: Privately, Masaharu is afraid of failure, wanting to prove himself to be as proficient as his foster father and make his family name proud.
  • Nepotism: On his own, Masaharu would be considered a talented, but not particularily notewothy businessman. However, his marriage to the daughter of Matsushita Konosuke elevated him to national prominence, but Masaharu is secretly insecure about this and intends to proving his worth by expanding his corporation's influence in China.
  • Opportunistic Bastard: Matsushita Electric is one of Japan's largest electronics manufacturers and is only interested in one thing: profit. While Matsushita is not as light-handed as Morita or bullheaded as Fujitsu, he is both reliable and adaptable enough to Guangdong's changing atmosphere to continue exploiting the populace for his company's benefit.
  • Repressive, but Efficient: Masaharu isn't different from the usual, exploitative Japanese executive, but his skillful business acumen presents him as one of the more stable leaders to take over Guangdong.
  • "Well Done, Son" Guy: Masaharu is motivated to prove himself a worthy heir to his more famous father-in-law, Matsushita Konosuke.

Ibuka Masaru
Role: External Secretarynote  (Suzuki cabinet), Chief Secretarynote  (Matsushita cabinet), Financial Secretarynote  (Matsuzawa cabinet), Head of State (Matsuzawa succession)
Party: Rippoukai - Zaikaiha
Ideology: Corporatocracynote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • The Ace: His rise and leadership of Fujitsu has been nothing short of exceptional, as his proficient leadership allowed the corporation to become one of the largest in the Sphere.
  • Emperor Scientist: Ibuka's dream is for a Guangdong meritocracy that grants limitless opportunity for the educated intellectuals to explore sciences and engineering.
  • Enemy Mine:
    • Ibuka has formed a fragile alliance with Matsushita, combining their efforts to challenge the Yasuda and Sony companies.
    • After Yasuda's collapse leaves a vacancy in the Legislative Council, Ibuka calls upon Komai and the Hitachi corporation to take their place, hoping to leverage them and boost his own influence, despite otherwise disliking them.
  • Et Tu, Brute?: Morita and Ibuka used to work together under the Tokyo Telecommunications, but when Fujitsu began to buy their company out, Ibuka merged the company and joined Fujitsu so as to not lose his wealth, abandoning and betraying his friend to business desolation.
  • Evil Reactionary: Ibuka opposes Suzuki's attempted reforms to benefit the common workers in Guangdong and, if he takes power, he'll begin rolling back his country's welfare laws.
  • Lack of Empathy: Out of the executives, Ibuka is probably the most indifferent to the common citizens' suffering, believing that people come second to machines and that there is little room for empathy in a world of science.
  • Obliviously Evil: Ibuka sees nothing wrong about instituting a ruthless meritocracy over Guangdong, viewing it as the natural way of life.
  • Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman: Ibuka in OTL was a co-founder of Sony and served as the president of Sony from 1950 to 1971; in TNO, the OTL predecessor of Sony, Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation, was acquired by Fujitsu and Furukawa zaibatsu in 1952, and Ibuka joined Fujitsu and eventually became its president. The Sony in TNO was separately founded by Morita Akio in 1954 as his second commercial venture, rather than a renamed Tokyo Telecommunications.
  • We Used to Be Friends: Once former partners, Ibuka has developed a hateful rivalry towards Morita, as Ibuka's Fujitsu and Morita's Sony are bitter competitors in the telecommunications and computing business.

Komai Kenichirō
Role: External Secretarynote  (Ibuka cabinet), Head of State
Ideology: Reform Bureaucracynote 
In-Game Biography: (External Secretary) Click to Show 

  • The Dreaded: Komai is the chief executive officer of Hitachi Limited, a subsidiary under the Manchurian Industrial Development Company and a prime example of the worst excesses of Japanese capitalism in the aforementioned country. For this reason, there is a general level of fear surrounding Komai and what he might do to expand his influence into Guangdong.
  • Enemy Mine: He can be summoned to the Legislative Council in a cautious alliance with Ibuka, as both hope to use the other to advance their own agendas.
  • Evil Colonialist: Komai believes that the unimpeded slavery and economic control in Manchuria is a model for all of the Sphere to follow, criticizing the executives in Guangdong for not going far enough in his eyes.
  • Four Eyes, Zero Soul: He wears glasses and is the vilest of the Japanese executives ruling Guangdong.
  • Politically Incorrect Villain: Besides being a morally bankrupt executive, Komai is racist towards the Japanese living in southern China, deeming them "uncultured brutes" and "savages" who are too soft to follow the brutal, economic model in Manchuria.

Li Ka-shing
Role: Chief Secretarynote  (Morita cabinet)
Ideology: Corporate Paternalismnote 
In-Game Biography: Click to Show 

  • Honest Corporate Executive: Li left Sony and founded the Cheung Kong corporation to provide and sell needed goods to the Chinese people languishing in Guangdong. For Li, his mission is to do both good and good business.
  • Internal Reformist: Already personal friends with Morita, Li wholeheartedly supports his crusade to curb the influence of the corporations and improve the living conditions of the Chinese people.
  • Number Two: Li is Morita's closest confidant, having helped him recover from the loss of Tokyo Telecommunications and building the new Sony conglomerate together.

    Guangxi Clique
Official Name: Guangxi Clique
Ruling Party: Guixi Junfa
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • Pyrrhic Victory: During Japan's invasion of China, Guangxi actually managed to drive their armies out of the province. Unfortunately, they knew that Japan would only come back with a second, more fearsome invasion, so Xia Wei was forced onto the negotiation table and submit Guangxi to Japan.
  • The Remnant: Isolated from the rest of the Sphere, Guangxi is governed by the remnants of the National Revolutionary Army, who are secretly waiting for a chance to rebel against Japan.

Xia Wei
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: Guixi Junfa
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • Fake Defector: Xia seemingly has chosen to switch loyalties to Japan and now helps administer their control over Guangxi. In truth, he is still loyal to the Chinese cause and is merely waiting for an opportunity until he can split from Japan.
  • Revenge: Not only does he want revenge on Japan for invading China, but he also wants retribution from the Communist Party of China, blaming them for costing China's chances of winning the Second Sino-Japanese War. This hatred between the Japanese and the Communists leaves him conflicted over joining the Western Insurrection, as Long Yun has recruited several communists to his side.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: Wei's rule over Guangxi is fairly authoritarian, in which the people suffer from sky-high taxes and extreme conscription, but Wei views it as necessary for Guangxi to prepare for its eventual liberation from Japan.

    Shanxi Clique
Official Name: Shanxi Clique
Ruling Party: Jinxi Junfa
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • Realpolitik: Though nominally a part of the Republic, Shanxi is ruled independently because Yan Xishan and Fu Zuoyi cut a deal with Japan so that they would operate separately and remain in the Sphere, sacrificing their integrity in exchange for some jurisdiction over Shanxi.
  • Wretched Hive: Shanxi governs its own affairs separately from Nanjing because bandits and partisans are a prevalent threat in the region, leaving it to Fu to take care of them, with assistance from Tsuji.

Fu Zuoyi
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party:Jinxi Clique
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • Choosing Neutrality: Fu initially tries to keep Shanxi out of the Western Insurrection altogether because, much as he would love to help liberate China, he also recognizes that Shanxi is cut off from the National Protection Army and would very likely be crushed by the Japanese if they tried rebelling too. Despite this, he can eventually be swayed to Long Yun's side, if the insurrection is successful.
  • The Quisling: After Suiyuan and Shanxi fell to the Japanese invaders, Fu disappeared and suddenly reemerged in time to negotiate for a ceasefire. To most, this was an unforgivable betrayal of the Chinese people, but Fu believes that it was a necessary step to help his comrades escape from the Japanese occupied territories.
  • Zero-Approval Gambit: On the surface, his collaboration with Japan makes it seem like he's a traitor, but he actually did so to shelter his former comrades and escort them to a safer location where they can continue their resistance against Japan, irreparably sacrificing his reputation forever.

    Xikang Clique 
Official Name: Xikang Clique
Ruling Party: Chuanxi Junfa
Ideology: Warlordismnote 
When Sichuan fell and the last remnants of the Republic Of China were crushed, the remaining Kuomintang forces fled to Xikang. Under the leadership of the charismatic Liu Wenhui, they continue fighting in the mountains hopeful that their homeland can be freed, even as the Japanese cement their rule over the rest of China.
  • Beneath Notice: The remaining Kuomintang forces in Sichuan retreated to Xikang after Sichuan fell to the Japanese, whom decided not to follow them and have since remained uninterested in attacking them again because they were deemed too unimportant to do so.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Most Chinese soldiers and officers in Xikang view continued resistance against Japan as suicide and frequently protest against Wenhui's calls for his country's liberation.
  • Undying Loyalty: They represent the forces still loyal to the Kuomintang, in which they seek to free China from Japanese control.

Liu Wenhui
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: Chuanxi Junfa
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • 100% Adoration Rating: His honorable personality won the support of his people, allowing him to continue his conflict with Japan.
  • Jumped at the Call: Liu is the easiest Chinese warlord for Long Yun to sway to his side in the Western Insurrection, as he is also eager to liberate China from the Japanese.
  • The Remnant: Liu Wenhui continues fighting in the mountains of Xikang, having fled to the mountains as Chiang's KMT was defeated at Chongqing and both Chiang and Mao died fighting there.
  • Self-Made Man: He was born into an impoverished peasant home, but he eventually rose through the ranks of the Kuomintang, even forming a friendship with Chiang Kai-Shek and being given control of Sichuan as a reward for his loyalty.

    Yunnan Clique
Flag of the National Protection Army 
Flag of the Republic of China 
Flag of the Xinan Reconstruction Authority 

Official Name: National Protection Army (Long Yun), Republic of China (NPA victory), Xinan Reconstruction Authority (NPA defeat)
Ruling Party: Dianxi Junfanote 
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • Anarchy Is Chaos: Thanks to the mismanagement of Yunnan, bandit holdouts have taken advantage of the government's lack of authority to raid and pillage the land.
  • The Dreaded: The neighboring warlord state, Guizhou, fears Yunnan because they control the entirety of their military and could potentially annex their territories. These fears are realized when Yunnan does pursue greater integration with Guizhou and eventually annexes them.
  • Heel–Face Turn: The bandits of Yunnan are initially only interested in pillaging the countryside, but when Long Yun takes power and recruits them to his side, the bandits realize that fighting for China's liberation is far more important than any raid they've ever done and thus become determined allies to the NPA.
  • La Résistance: In addition to the bandits, there are three other dissident groups that pose a threat to the collaborationist government, all three of which join Long Yun's rebellion:
    • The National Revolutionary Army include the KMT holdouts that have begun harassing trade along the Burma Road.
    • The Communist Party of China runs rampant in the countryside, gathering supporters to rebel against the local landlords.
    • The National Protection Army is the most dangerous and prevalent resistance movement in Yunnan, espousing the total liberation of Japan and eventually getting the opportunity to do so when Long Yun defects to them.
  • Your Terrorists Are Our Freedom Fighters: The developers have used two different names to describe the war between the NPA and the collaborationist ROC: the Western Insurrection (from the perspective of the collaborationist government), and the Second Northern Expedition (from the perspective of the NPA).

Lu Han
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: Dianxi Junfanote 
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • Et Tu, Brute?: When Long Yun arrests his cousin to ensure that he doesn't interfere with the Western Insurrection, Lu Han will express befuddlement over how his closest comrade has betrayed him.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Lu Han is a despot and an active collaborator to the Japanese, but he does have a close relationship with Long Yun.
  • Face Death with Dignity: In captivity after Long Yun's coup, Lu Han prepares for his execution and quietly resigns to the possibility. When it's revealed that his punishment is instead house arrest, Lu Han is taken aback, but goes along with it.
  • Failure Is the Only Option: The tin reserves and mining rights' auction event. Lu Han can challenge the bid by using his local Yi rulers, offering even camp-full of slaves to top the bid, only for Japan to add another zero, then another. The result is Japan raises the imperial taxes to hurt Yunnan in retaliation, and taking the bid money under made-up laws back to its treasury as well. Lu Han can work with Chinese National Government for a higher bid, only for the entire delegation to be burnt alive by the Japanese agents, THEN the bid gets taken back for nothing. He can concede to the Japanese as a "little brother", making them the cost of antagonizing its entire country, AND China. He can not challenge and make the bidding laissez-faire... only for the Japanese to pillage the countryside and destroy what little agriculture he has left.
  • Heel Realization: If Long Yun wins the Great Asian War, he and Lu Han will walk together through Zhaotong, their childhood home. There, Lu Han sincerely apologizes for his collaboration with Japan, recognizing that he betrayed the Chinese people when he submitted to them. Yun accepts his apology and the two cousins reconcile, right before the former passes away.
  • I Did What I Had to Do: Lu Han knows that collaborating with Japan and instituting indentured servitude is morally wrong, but he submits to them anyway because future resistance would invite Japan to invade Yunnan and slaughter even more of his people.
  • Indentured Servitude: His landlords are corrupt to the bone, indenture the peasants through near-impossible to pay-off rent rates and even use enslaved criminals in chattel slavery. Considering the laws and rents, the peasants are little more than the slaves they till the fields with, and their landlords take them wherever there needs to be minerals to be harvested in mobile homes.
  • Jerkass Has a Point: Lu Han's cynical concerns of Long Yun liberating China are very much valid. In the Western Insurrection, the National Protection Army will have to fight off the Republic of China's bigger military, in which victory will be unlikely. Even if they do succeed in conquering the majority of China, Japan will eventually just declare war on them and summon all of the Co-Prosperity Sphere to put down the rebellion, which has a strong possibility of overwhelming the National Protection Army, no matter how many potential allies they can rally. Long Yun's rebellion almost never succeeds in the hands of the AI and is one of the most difficult wars to win in the hands of the player.
  • Pet the Dog: When removing He Yingqin from power, Lu Han has the option to let him retire him peacefully rather than forcefully exile or imprison him.
  • The Quisling: He doesn't enjoy collaborating with the Japanese, but he views it as the only way to prevent Japan from cracking down even harder on the people of Yunnan

Long Yun
Role: Military Commander, Head of Government (Lu cabinet), Head of State (Western Insurrection)
Party: Zhonghua Minguo Huguojunnote , Linshi Junshi Weiyuanhuinote  (Western Insurrection Victory)
Ideology: Ultramilitarism, Military Juntanote  (Western Insurrection victory)

  • Bait-and-Switch Tyrant: Despite being classified as an Ultramilitarist and using any means necessary to defeat the Japanese, Long sincerely wants to liberate his fellow Chinese people from Japanese imperialism. This is further reinforced by the High-Legitimacy ending, where a genuinely democratic China is led by Sun Fo.
  • Blatant Lies: In a speech after seizing power, Long Yun claims that Lu Han is dead, which is a flatout lie, since Lu Han is only imprisoned and later reconciles with his cousin if China wins the Great Asian War.
  • Defector from Decadence: Long Yun was always been an NPA sympathizer before he later defects to them out of displeasure over how Japan has exploited the Chinese people.
  • Earn Your Happy Ending: In order to achieve the best possible ending for China, Long Yun will not only have to win the Western Insurrection and Great Asian War, but also maintain a high enough legitimacy to be acknowledged as the rightful government of China. If all of these conditions are met, Long Yun will peacefully pass away, while the National Protection Army will invite Sun Fo to lead the newly liberated country, ending the campaign on a bright note over China's future as a free, democratic nation, as Sun Yat-sen envisioned.
  • Foil: To Dmitry Yazov. Both Long Yun and Yazov are ultranationalistic stratocrats who seek to reverse the political and territorial blows that the Axis powers have dealt to Russia and China, respectively. Both of them expresss intentions to give up their iron grips on their country and democratize, but the difference is that unlike Yazov, Long Yun actually means it. The Great Asian War also has the option to stop at the Korean border, thus averting nuclear war, while the Great Trial is guaranteed in the event of the Black League getting its way.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em: In World War II, Long Yun was forced to surrender Yunnan to the Japanese and abdicate leadership to Lu Han, knowing that further resistance against Japan would end badly. In Long's eyes, this was the greatest mistake of his life and he plans on rectifying it by going on a reckless insurrection to liberate all of China.
  • Military Coup:
    • Right before the Japanese invaded Yunnan in the Second Sino-Japanese War, Long Yun staged a coup against the corrupt governor of Yunnan, Tang Jiyao, where he rallied an army of his own to ward off the upcoming invasion.
    • Eventually, Long Yun will get sick of collaborating with the Japanese and stage a coup against Lu Han, taking charge and preparing for the Western Insurrection.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: Upon liberating all of China, Long Yun is presented with the option of going even further and directly invading Japan through the Korean peninsula. Obviously, this choice will result in Thermonuclear War.
  • Occupiers Out of Our Country: Long Yun wants to completely remove the Japanese from Chinese lands and achieve total liberation.

Sun Fo
Role: Head of State (Republic of China)
Party: Kuomintang - Orthodox Moderates
Ideology: Xunzhengnote 

  • Old Retainer: Sun Fo was born in 1891 and is 71 years old at the beginning of the game. Though the old republic was defeated decades ago, he has remained loyal to Kuomintang and his father's Three Principles of the People.
  • Self-Imposed Exile: After the Japanese conquest of China, Sun Fo exiled himself to California, but he'll return to his homeland if Long Yun's rebellion succeeds, prepared to uphold his father's dream of a free, democratic China.
  • Taking Up the Mantle: Sun Fo is the offspring of the revered Sun Yat-sen and has inherited his dreams of a democratic government in China.

Zhou Longxiang
Role: Head of State (NPA defeat)
Party: Xinan Chongjianjunote 
Ideology: Interim Governmentnote 

  • Number Two: Zhou has loyally served by Gao's side, both in governing and preparing the Republic for eventual rebellion against Japan. When Long Yun's rebellion gets put down, Zhou will be assigned by Gao to govern Yunnan and restore some semblance of peace back to the region.
  • The Quisling: Once wholeheartedly agreeing with Japan's rhetoric of anti-colonialism and pan-Asianism, Zhou defected to their side and serves as a collaborator to them. However, he grew out of this mindset when he realized that these claims were just excuses to start exploiting the Chinese people, so he quickly became a close ally to Gao.

    Guizhou Clique 
Official Name: Guizhou Clique
Ruling Party: Guizhou Clique
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • Satellite Character: Much of Guizhou's content is based around its close relationship to Yunnan, until it inevitably first gets annexed by Yunnan, and then later becomes a puppet to Guangxi.

He Yingqin
Role: Head of State
Party: Guizhou Clique
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • Authority in Name Only: Yingqin barely has any control over Guizhou, as Yunnan's influence over the region grows every passing day.
  • The Exile: In the pursuit of unifying with Guizhou, Lu Han can potentially exile Yingqin to ease his state's integration.
  • The Quisling: When a Japanese victory was all but inevitable in the Second Sino-Japanese War, Yingqin betrayed the Kuomintang in favor of Japan and was appointed to govern Guizhou.
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: While he may be a traitor, he is a fair leader who is interested in balancing the minority and Han relations in Guizhou, while steadily attempting to liberalize the country.

    Seihoku Homengun
Official Name: Seihoku Homengun
Ruling Party: Imperial Japanese Army
Ideology: Ultramilitarism
The Northwestern Area Army of the Imperial Japanese Army under the lead of ruthless Japanese officer Tsuji Masanobu, dispatched by the IJA to pacify Northwestern China.

  • Army of Thieves and Whores: The army of Tsuji quickly turned into a bunch of thugs who regularly organize bandit raids in the countryside.
  • Undying Loyalty: Unsurprisingly for a Japanese army, the Seihoku Homengun will always side with Japan in the Great Asian War against Long Yun.

Tsuji Masanobu
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: Imperial Japanese Army
Ideology: Ultramilitarism

  • Allohistorical Allusion: Tsuji Masanobu's image in Japan as a war hero is not dissimilar with how he presented himself in OTL Postwar Japan, which propelled him to the Diet. Unlike real life, however, wherein his political career was ruined by the truth about his war crimes being exposed to the public, his heroic facade remains intact in TNO, as far as the average Japanese citizen's concerned.
  • Asshole Victim: If defeated by Long Yun, Tsuji Masanobu is personally shot dead by Long Yun with twenty-four bullets being fired and owing to his brutality, it is hard to feel sorry for him.
  • The Dreaded: Tsuji's past is shrouded in myth, created by the terror surrounding the man.
  • General Ripper: In official Japanese press, Masanobu is a great war hero who led the invasion for free Malaya from British colonization. In truth, Tsuji's invasion was a brutal one that slaughtered its way through the entire country. Worse still, Tsuji also headed a number of massacres and genocides across East Asia, including the Sook Ching to slaughter Chinese people in Malaya and Singapore, as well as the Bataan Death March that tortured and massacred many prisoners-of-war during World War II.
  • Glory Hound: Tsuji has deliberately cultivated an image of a valiant war hero and embellished his exploits accordingly. Evidently caring more for his own delusions of lasting fame than anything else.
  • Insane Admiral: To the peasant, Tsuji is a man who ignored due process and executed anyone suspecting of taking part in the resistance. To the discharged army man, he's an insane general who threw human waves at a resolute army.
  • Just Following Orders: He justifies his conflict with the Ma Clique by claiming that he's merely doing his duty.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: It's implied that Tsuji Masanobu was stationed in Northwestern China as a consequence of his Gekokujo antics becoming too much of a liability even to Kishi and the Kwantung Army.
  • Villain with Good Publicity: Japan claims that Tsuji is a valiant war hero who champions the Pan-Asian dream and liberated the continent from European rule. Considering all of the massacres that the man has committed, this is a laughable claim.

    Ma Clique
Official Name: Ma Clique
Ruling Party: Ma Jiajun
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • The Remnant: The Ma Clique is the biggest remnant of the pro-Chiang Kai-Shek KMT resistance from the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  • Undying Loyalty: They've continued the Kuomintang's fight against Japan, even after Chiang Kai-Shek's death, though their operations are only limited to small raids into Tsuji's territory and retreating before Japan can retaliate.

Ma Jiyuan
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: Ma Jiajun
Ideology: Military Juntanote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • Refusal of the Call: Zig-Zagged: Upon hearing of Long Yun's insurrection, Jiyuan is reluctant to join in, recognizing the unlikely odds of the rebellion succeeding. However, he can be convinced to join in, if Long Yun is successful enough in his campaign.
  • The Remnant: Ma, a stalwart defender of the old Kuomintang, has never stopped fighting the Second Sino-Japanese War. As a ceasefire stabilised the east, Ma smuggled out refugees and former generals, and continues to raid Masanobu Tsuji's domain, never giving the Japanese a chance to retaliate.
  • You Killed My Father: Ma Jiyuan has sworn to avenge his father Ma Bufang, who was killed by the Japanese.

    Xinjiang Clique
Official Name: Xinjiang Clique
Ruling Party: Xinjiang Junfa
Ideology: Warlordismnote 
Years ago, the KMT and the Chinese Communist party were sworn and ideological enemies but were forced to work together to fight off the Japanese menance. They were defeated and forced out of their home, and found themselves stuck in Xinjiang. Now under the leadership of decorated war hero Zhang Zhizhong, they stay in Xinjiang and defend their newfound land from the Japanese butchers. However, they are also having a problem with the native Uyghurs, who see them as yet another foreign force attempting to conquer their ancestral homeland.
  • Occupiers Out of Our Country: The Xinjiang clique is stuck in a never-ending war with native Uyghur insurgents. Han colonisation has failed spectacularly, and their homesteads are burnt down by horsemen who seek to reclaim their land.
  • Rag Tag Bunch Of Misfits: Stuck in Xinjiang, Zhang Zhizhong leads a coalition of his Kuomintang forces, the last remnants of the Communist Party, and the local minorities of the region. Now, Zhang is left with the uncomfortable task of serving and satisfying all of their interests.
  • The Remnant: Xinjiang contains the remnants of the Kuomintang and the Communist party, united in their opposition to Japan.

Zhang Zhizhong
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: Xinjiang Junfa
Ideology: Warlordismnote 

  • The Determinator: Even after his mistake of burning down Changsha and failing to defend Hunan, Zhang has no waivered in his fight against the Japanese invaders, in which he's now taken the fight to the Northwest. He can even join Long Yun's Western Insurrection and contribute to his quest in liberating China.
  • War Hero: Zhang is a decoared war hero of the Kuomintang's National Revolutionary Army, participating in the Northern Expedition before clashing with Japan.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: On the brink of losing the city of Chansha to Japan, Zhang tried denying Japan of victory by burning it down Changsha, destroying any strategic value if may have, but also killing its 30,000 inhabitants. This action infuriated Chiang, who stripped him of his title as governor of Hunan.

Official Name: Kingdom of Tibet
Ruling Party: Rule of the Lamas
Ideology: Theocracynote 

  • Team Switzerland: Tibet tries to remain neutral in the Western Insurrection, content to remain in isolation from the rest of East Asia. Long Yun, for his part, will be insulted by this and has the option to invade them during the Great Asian War.
  • The Theocracy: Tibet is an absolute monarchy ruled by the Dalai Lama according to Tibetan Buddhism.

Tenzin Gyatso
Role: Head of State
Party: Rule of the Lamas
Ideology: Theocracynote 

  • Puppet King: Although he's supposed to be a reincarnation of the previous Dalai Lama and is supposed to lead Tibet, the 14th Dalai Lama's government is actually ruled by the Lamas who are nominally his subordinates.

Official Name: Mongol Autonomous Federation
Ruling Party: Khungtayji
Ideology: Aristocratic Conservatismnote 

Mengjiang is a Japanese puppet state led by Prince Demchugdongrub, occupying Mongolian territory in both Outer and Inner Mongolia. Officially part of China as the Mongol Autonomous Federation, Mengjiang is de facto independent.

  • Hypocrite: Pro-Sphere media denounce the remaining Russian forces in Mongolia as foreign occupiers, even though Mengjiang itself is a puppet state in total subservience to Japan.
  • Puppet State: Mengjiang is a de jure puppet state of the Republic of China in Nanjing, who themselves are puppet to the Empire of Japan and thus makes them Mengjiang's true master. Essentially, Menjiang is a puppet to another puppet.

Role: Head of State
Party: Khungtayji
Ideology: Aristocratic Conservatismnote 

  • Alas, Poor Villain: Demochugdongrub is a Japanese collaborator, but him Dying Alone with little fanfare is a rather pitiable fate for an oft-despised man in Mongolia and the rest of Asia.
  • Contempt Crossfire: Demchugdongrub is despised by his people as a sellout and a traitor, and scorned by the Japanese as an upstart vassal with delusions of grandeur.
  • Dying Alone: When Demchugdongrub succumbs to stomach flu, his passing is largely ignored by the rest of the world. The highest-level dignitary attending his funeral is an ambassador from Japan.
  • The Quisling: Prince Demchugdongrub has spent the majority of his life serving various foreign empires occupying Mongolia, from Qing China to Japan.

Role: Head of State (Demchugdongrub succession)
Party: Khungtayji
Ideology: Aristocratic Conservatismnote 

  • Villain with Good Publicity: He's noted to be a charismatic leader and it's implied that optics surrounding him are more positive than Demchugdongrub's.

Southeast Asia

    Empire of Vietnam
Flag of the People's Republic of Vietnam 

Official Name: Empire of Vietnam, Democratic Republic of Vietnam (Communism)
Ruling Party: Dai Viet Quoc dan dang
Ideology: Absolute Monarchynote 

The formerly French Indochina came under Japanese rule after World War II, who reorganized Indochina into several loyal client states. In Vietnam, Japan installed their puppet Emperor Bảo Đại, and filled the country with their colonists and corporations. Vietnam has since become a failing nation, with oppressive overlords and a resentful population.

  • Never Learned to Read: Since their former French masters never invested in education, much of the Vietnamese population are illiterate, which will be a major hinderance to overcome if the country is to reform.
  • Puppet State: Conquered by the Japanese, Vienam is occupied by a Japanese collaborationist government loyal to them, serving as one of their main deposits for rubber.
  • La Résistance: The infamous Viet Minh lurk in the countryside of not just Vietnam, but all of Indochina. Through their efforts, they have been launching attacks against Vietnam's supply lines and grow stronger with each passing day.

Bao Dai
Role: Head of State
Party: Dai Viet Quoc dan dang
Ideology: Absolute Monarchynote 

  • A Child Shall Lead Them: When he was just a child, Bao Dai's father passed and he was decreed to ascend to the throne. Unfortunately, he's been unable to wield his authority in the present day because he's just a figurehead for the Japanese.
  • Abdicate the Throne: The Emperor will be forced to abdicate after the Communist Party of Vietnam comes into power.
  • Puppet King: Even though he is The Emperor, Tokyo authorities are the ones to call the shots.
  • The Quisling: After Japan's victory in World War II, they established a puppet government in Vietnam, placing Bao Dai as its nominal head to aid the Japanese.
  • Tragic Villain: Bao Dai is undoubtedly a Japanese collaborater, but it's obvious he never wanted to be one and has always wanted what's best for Vietnam. Unfortunately, his status as a Puppet King prevents him from doing anything about it and he knows that he won't get any happy ending, whether the Japanese collaborators or Ho Chi Minh win.

Ho Chi Minh
Role: Head of State (Communist takeover)
Party: Viet Minh, Communist Party of Vietnam (Viet Minh victory)
Ideology: Bukharinismnote 
The leader of the feared Vietcong guerrillas, Hồ Chí Minh knows that Japan's claims of Pan-Asianism are all a ploy, just to keep the Vietnamese under their rule. Minh seeks to restore his country's independence, with a little help from the OFN.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: Just as he fought a guerilla campaign against the French and Americans for Vietnam's independence in OTL, Ho Chi Minh has initiated a similar war in this timeline, but rather against the Japanese and their collaborationist government instead.
  • Chummy Commies: His guerrillas seek to kick the Japanese out of Vietnam and restore independence for their country.
  • Occupiers Out of Our Country: Hồ Chí Minh and his Vietcong seek to secure Vietnam's independence from Japan with help from the OFN.
  • Irony: One of America's most famous opponents in real life is now considered an American ally in TNO note .
  • La Résistance: The Vietcong or National Liberation Front, a rigorously-trained guerrilla army led by Hồ Chí Minh, who fight against the pro-Japanese regime in Vietnam and wage a large-scale guerrilla war in the countryside.
  • Rebel Leader: Just like in Real Life, Hồ Chí Minh leads the Viet Minh in their struggle for independence.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: While he had been leading the Viet Minh since World War II, Hồ Chí Minh dies of heart failure soon after becoming the first President of Vietnam.

Truong Chinh
Role: Head of State (Ho Chi Minh succession)
Party: Communist Party of Vietnam
Ideology: Maoismnote 

  • Chummy Commies: Trường Chinh is a renowned revolutionary hero and is just as eager to liberate Vietnam as Minh.
  • Taking Up the Mantle:
    • His adopted name, which means "Long March" in Vietnamese, was adopted to honor the Long March undertaken by the Chinese martyr, Mao Zedong.
    • Upon Minh's passing after winning Vietnam's independence, Trường Chinh takes leadership of the newly freed nation, determined to carry on his predecessor's legacy by implementing land reforms.

    Kingdom of Laos
Official Name: Kingdom of Laos
Ruling Party: Lao Ruam Lao
Ideology: Liberalism

  • Puppet State: Laos is nominally independent, but they are so dependent on Japan for economic and political stability, that they are essentially treated as a puppet to them.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Despite its small size, Laos is divided along political and regional lines, which the government will need to manage so that the nation isn't torn apart.
  • Token Good Teammate: Laos is the only member of the Co-Prosperity Sphere that is an actually functional democracy.

Souvanna Phouma
Role: Head of State
Party: Lao Ruam Lao
Ideology: Liberalism

  • My Country, Right or Wrong: To Phouma, there is nothing more important than preserving Laos' survival.
  • The Quisling: With the Japanese conquest of Laos, Phouma has agreed to collaborate with them in administering his home country.
  • Taking Up the Mantle: Phouma admires his predecessor and brother, Phetsarath Ratanavongsa, for his ability to mediate the internal conflicts in Laos. With Ratanavongsa's passing, Phouma's determined to live up to his legacy.

    Kingdom of Kampuchea
Official Name: Kingdom of Kampuchea
Ruling Party: Sangkum-Sihanouk
Ideology: Semi-Constitutional Monarchynote 

  • Puppet King: Kampuchea is officially ruled by a monarch, but the actual ruling king has little authority of their own and serves as a figurehead to justify Japanese hegemony over the country.
  • Puppet State: After the Japanese invasion of Indochina, they "freed" Kampuchea from their former French overlords, only to establish their own Japanese-aligned government in its place and effectively turning the country into a puppet state.

Norodom Sihanouk
Role: Head of State
Party: Sangkum-Sihanouk
Ideology: Semi-Constitutional Monarchynote 

  • Cincinnatus: Subverted. After Thailand invaded and took some territory from Kampuchea, Sihanouk abdicated the throne and passed it up to his father. However, Sihanouk did not step down to retire, but rather to become a civilian politician rather than a Puppet King, where he can hopefully reform his country.
  • Internal Reformist: Sihanouk has very ambitious plans to reform Kampuchea and restore its dignity as a functioning nation.
  • The Quisling: Sihanouk is a native Cambodian who has agreed to help the Japanese administer and control his own home country.
  • Young and in Charge: After King Monivong's passing, Sihanouk was ascended to the throne when he was only ninteteen years old, right before the Japanese conquered Southeast Asia.

    Republic of Thailand
Official Name: Republic of Thailand
Ruling Party: Khana Ratsadon - Absolutists
Ideology: Revolutionary Nationalismnote 

  • Crushing the Populace: Having acquired Cambodian and Malaysian territory for their role in World War II, Thailand has tried assimilating the ethnic minorities there, far more radically than even OTL. Needless to say, they are not happy about this.
  • Fascist, but Inefficient: Thaification programs are actively rejected by many of the minorities living in Thailand, forming insurgencies that destabilize their grip over the southern province and conquered territories.
  • The Migration:
    • Countless minorities from Burma flee to Thailand, much to the chagrin of the latter's populace.
    • Similarly, Japanese migrants have also begun settling in Thailand and opening more small businesses than the local Thais, even driving some into bankruptcy.
  • People's Republic of Tyranny: Following Phibunsongkhram's coup against the monarchy, Thailand was officially turned into a republic. However, this supposed democracy is a fraud, with all power concentrated to the Khama Ratsadon and anyone who speaks out against it is suppressed.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork:
    • The Thai National Army is wracked with factionalism, specifically between the Soi Ratchakru and Sisao Thawaet factions.
    • The Seri Thai movement is an anti-establishment faction opposed to Phibunsongkhram and the current Khana Ratsadon dictatorship. Beyond this shared enmity, the movement is ideologically split between the pro-royalist Pramoj and the left-wing Banomyong.

Plaek Phibunsongkhram
Role: Head of State
Party: Khana Ratsadon - Absolutists
Ideology: Revolutionary Nationalismnote 

  • Playing Both Sides: Underneath his facade of loyalty to Japan, Plaek has been covertly feeding the CIA presence in Thailand, starting a shadow war between Japan and the United States to ensure that neither side has too much influence over his nation.
  • Plot-Triggering Death: His death triggers a succession crisis that determines who will lead Thailand and shape the country in their image.
  • The Quisling: Plaek secretly despises that he's had to submit Thailand under Japanese military envoys, which is why he's been sending some support to the CIA to weaken the Japanese presence in his country.
  • Repressive, but Efficient: Plaek's modernization and cultural rejuvenation programs worked in turning Thailand into a prosperous nation, but they came at a heavy human cost.
  • Small Role, Big Impact: Plaek is the chief architect behind Thailand's rapid industrialization and cultural programs, transforming the humble Thai monarchy into an industrialized nation directly inspired by the fascist movements in Italy and Germany. However, Phibunsongkhram doesn't play much of an active role in the game itself, as he'll pass away shortly after the game's start.
  • Villain with Good Publicity: Plaek is adored across Thailand for his abolition of the unpopular Thai monarchy and his expulsion of the European imperialists in Southeast Asia.
  • Villainous Friendship: Despite their ideological incompatibilities, Plaek had a friendly relationship with Thamrongnawasawat, which could influence the latter's appointment as president.
  • War Hero: He's a renowned war hero to Thailand, which contributed to the reason why he managed to become prime minister of Thailand.
  • We Hardly Knew Ye: Plaek suffers a stroke and dies at around a year and a half after the game's start.

Rama IX
Role: N/A

Thanom Kittikachorn
Role: Head of State (Military Coup)
Party: Khana Ratsadon, Thai Revitalization Front (post-failed military coup)
Ideology: Fascist Populismnote , Ultramilitarism (post-failed military coup)

  • General Ripper: Thanom is proud of the many military battles he's ruthlessly led in his career and is easily the most despotic leader who can take power in Thailand.
  • Meet the New Boss: If Thanom takes power in Thailand, not much will change from the Phibunsongkhram administration, as the populace is once more subjected under an authoritarian government, only with a different leader.
  • Military Coup: Shortly after Plaek's death, Thanom can launch a military coup to install himself as dictator of Thailand.
  • Names to Run Away From Really Fast: After surviving a failed coup, he establishes a "Thai Revitalization Front", a name which is fairly ominous in itself, even ignoring how they are Ultranationalist in-game.
  • Renegade Splinter Faction: After a coup against him fails, he leaves Khana Ratsadon and creates an ultramilitarist Thai Revitalization Front.
  • Undying Loyalty: Wishing to maintain the status quo of Thailand, Thanom wants to maintain Thailand's pledge of loyalty to Japan.

Thawan Thamrongnawasawat
Role: Head of State (Plaek succession)
Party: Khana Ratsadon
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Cincinnatus: After taking power in Thailand, Thawan announces new democratic elections to be held, heralding a new age of freedom for the country..
  • Internal Reformist: With or without Japanese aid, Thawan plans to massively reform Thailand's infrastructure, military, and even some parts of the government through democratization.
  • The Quiet One: Thawan is noted to be a quiet and reserved figure, which belies his very ambitious plans.
  • Token Good Teammate: Unlike his peers in the military, Thawan has refused to indulge in any ideological militarism or corruption.

Chatichai Choonhavan
70s portrait 
Role: Security Minister (Plaek cabinet), Head of State (Military Coup)
Party: Khana Ratsadon
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • A Lighter Shade of Black: While despotic, Choonhavan is no where near as repressive as the more brutish Kittikachorn.
  • Meet the New Boss: Of all of Phibunsongkhram's potential successors, Choonhavan's rule is the most identical to his predecessor's.
  • Nepotism: While a skilled military commander in his own right, Chatichai being the son of Field Marshal Phin Choonhavan has certainly helped in elevating his status in the military.
  • Repressive, but Efficient: Upon coming to power in a military coup, Choonhavan is set to use his web of influences and military prowess to create a productive, authoritarian government.
  • Secret Police: Upon taking power, Choonhavan's administration is propped up by a system of secret police who suppress any domestic threats to Thailand's security.

Seni Pramoj
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: Prachatipat Party
Ideology: Liberal Conservatism

  • Arch-Enemy: Pramoj is the the most prominent opponent to Phibunsongkhram and his regime.
  • Dark Horse Victory: As a former member of the disgraced Seri Thai movement, Pramoj is unlikely to win an election, with many expressing surprise if he actually does.
  • Internal Reformist: Upon being elected, Pramoj swears to uphold Thamrongnawasawat's dream for a democratic Thailand, moving away from the old authoritarian system by Phibunsongkhram.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: Pramoj was unofficially sent on exile from Thailand when he was assigned as an ambassador to the United States in 1940.
  • Took a Level in Idealism: After the Axis victory in World War II, Pramoj resigned to the military autocracy established in Thailand, but his optimism in reforming the country can be restored if Thamrongnawasawat takes over and sets up democratic elections.

Pridi Banomyong
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: Constitutional Front
Ideology: Democratic Socialismnote 

  • Defector from Decadence: He was once a proud nationalist who was friendly to Khana Ratsudon, but as Plaek began turning Thailand into a military dictatorship, Pridi grew disgusted of the Khana Ratsudon.
  • Internal Reformist: If electd after Thawan's resignation, Pridi will commit himself to reform Thailand away from its military dictatorship into a functioning democracy.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: Owing to his lack of loyalty to the Khana Ratsudon, Pridi was shuffled around into menial positions in Phibunsongkhram's government, greatly reducing his ability to oppose the Grand Marshal.

Kris Sivara
Role: Head of State (Coup)
Ideology: Interim Governmentnote 

  • Ambiguous Ending: If his coup against Kittikachorn is successful, Sivara is left in charge of a highly unstable government, where any of his former comrades could be plotting a second coup against him, directing Thailand towards an uncertain future.
  • Even Evil Has Standards: While supportive of Phibunsongkhram's dictatorship, Sivara is disturbed by the barbaric suppression instituted by Kittikachorn if he leads Thailand, which drives him and his supporters to try couping the Kittikachorn.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: His attempt to coup Kittikachorn has a chance of failing, which may just cause Kittikachorn to become even more brutal in response.
  • The Starscream: Sivara plans to betray and coup Kittikachorn to end his over violence for good.

    State of Burma
Official Name: State of Burma
Ruling Party: Greater Burma Association - Mainstream Faction
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • 0% Approval Rating: It is entirely possible to provoke every significant minority, along with the dissatisfied Burmese Communists, to rebel against the Burmese government.
  • Balkanize Me: Should Burma anger its numerous minorities too much and push them into rebellion, the whole country can easily be shattered by revolts in its every ethnic province outside of the Bamar-dominated regions (those that aren't already controlled by the Communist Party of Burma, at least).
  • Mêlée à Trois: Hardly different from real life, Burma can become a hellish battleground between numerous ethnic and political militant groups.

Ba Maw
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: Greater Burma Association - Mainstream Faction
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • 0% Approval Rating: Unable to resolve the ethnic clashes, terrorism, and increasing Japanese occupation in Burma, Ba Maw has become an unpopular leader among his people.
  • Puppet King: Ba Maw was installed as Burma's civilian administrator by the Japanese, but is little more than a figurehead to a joint Japanese-Thakin military government.

The Philippines

    Second Philippine Republic
Official Name: Second Philippine Republic
Ruling Party: Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (Association for Service to the New Philippines)
Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 

The Second Philippine Republic is the Japanese-sponsored republic established on the Philippines following World War II. Supposedly a "sovereign" and "democratic" republic, the Japanese client state is heavily dependent on the Japanese 14th Army to maintain stability, and is currently reeling from the fallout of a recent rebel offensive.

  • Aristocrats Are Evil: The governors ruling the countryside are nobles in all but name, many of them even belonging to political families and dynasties. The dire situation in the provinces all but implies this trope.
  • Authority in Name Only: On paper, the Philippines is a stable, independent, democratic member-state of the Co-Prosperity Sphere. In reality, the KALIBAPI-run government only controls Southern Luzon, Palawan and some parts of Visayas, with the 14th Army effectively calling the shots on Tokyo's behalf. The rest of the nation is under the De Facto rule of either the Communists or the USFIP. In most cases, it's not a question of whether Manila will fall but who will get there first.
  • Back for the Dead: Benigno Ramos, a Japanese collaborator in both OTL and TNO, appears in one event pondering his life before dying of a heart attack.
  • Cassandra Truth: While at first it seems pretty unlikely for yet another Japanese invasion to happen and the collaborators' attempts to stop one seem like them justifiying their atrocities. However, should the collaborators be defeated in the civil war, Japan will immediately launch a counter-invasion to bring the Philippines under its fold.
  • Civil War: Shortly after the Yasuda Crisis, the AFRSR and USFIP will form an alliance to invade the Republic. If the former triumph, the Philippines can fall into a second civil war if the AFRSR and USFIP refuse to form a coalition government, fighting each other and a Japanese retaliatory invasion from the 14th Army.
  • Les Collaborateurs: The government is ruled by the Japanese collaborator KALIBAPI which traces its roots to back to WW2.
  • Necessary Evil: The more reformist-minded factions within the KALIBAPI view cooperation with Japan and Co-Prosperity Sphere "membership" as this. Beyond hopes of greater leverage for ensuring genuine independence, restoring order to the country also means avoiding the prospect of the Japanese launching yet another bloody invasion.
  • People's Republic of Tyranny: The "republic" of the Philippines is corrupt, ruled by an autocratic presidency, and heavily biased in favor of Japanese collaboration.
  • Puppet State: The Second Republic is propped up by Japanese bureaucrats and their Filipino collaborators, creating a sham democracy that proclaims their independence, but nonetheless remains tied to the Sphere.

José Yulo
Role: Head of State
Party: Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas
Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 

  • Cincinnatus: Yulo only plans on staying president until he can handle the rebels in the Philippines. In the event of victory, however, he winds up being killed before he could properly achieve this.
  • Failure Is the Only Option: If Yulo unites the Philippines under his republic, he won't savor his victory for long, as he'll get assassinated shortly after.
  • I Did What I Had to Do: Yulo joined KALIBAPI out of pragmatism and a desire to mitigate Japanese excesses rather than genuine support for the regime.
  • Mandatory Unretirement: Having served under both the Commonwealth and the Republic, Yulo hoped to refire from his post in 1959 and become a more modest corporate lawyer. However, the death of President José Laurel and the emergence of the Filipino rebels threw a wrench into Yulo's plans and he was quickly rushed back into becoming a compromise president for the Greater East Asia Ministry and the KALIBAPI's "Laurelist" faction.
  • Plot-Triggering Death: If the Second Philippine Republic wins the Balintawak Blitz, Yulo will get assassinated, throwing the nation into chaos and forcing Japan to undergo a diffcult period of reconstruction to keep the islands stable until a successor can take over.
  • Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman: In OTL, Yulo was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1943, and eventually had a failed bid for the Filipino presidency after WW2. In TNO, he finds himself becoming president of a country on the verge of chaos.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here: Should the guerrillas reach the outskirts of Manila, he and his cabinet will be evacuated to Tokyo before the ensuing siege.

Quintín Paredes
Role: Head of State (Successful reconstruction)
Party: Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas - Parliamentary Faction
Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 

  • Internal Reformist: Upon his election, Paredes vows to liberalize and reform the Republic, ending its despotic administration.
  • The Quiet One: Paredes is a soft-spoken individual, which belies how cunning and ruthless he can be.
  • Status Quo Is God: Downplayed. Should Paredes be elected following a KALIBAPI victory, he proceeds to continue the legacy of the Second Republic's first president, Jose P. Laurel, and generally remain a loyal Japanese "ally." On the other hand, he also vows to continue the reforms started by Jose Yulo, though whether he intends to follow through with those promises remains to be seen.

Claro M. Recto
Role: Head of State (Successful reconstruction)
Party: Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas - Parliamentary Faction
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 

  • Patriotic Fervor: In his electoral speech, Recto makes an incredibly nationalist speech, vowing to keep the Philippines free of colonial exploitation, no matter the cost.
  • Principles Zealot: Recto is an uncompromising nationalist who will stop at nothing to the Philippines free of any colonialism.

Sergio Osmeña Jr.
Role: Head of State (Successful reconstruction)
Party: Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas - Parliamentary Faction
Ideology: Oligarchynote 

  • Historical In-Joke: In OTL, Osmeña was a senator who lost to Ferdinand Marcos in the 1969 presidential elections, eventually winding up in exile as the latter declared martial law. Here, he finally gets his chance to run the country.
  • Internal Reformist: Osmeña is by far the most reform-minded out of Yulo's successors, as his electoral speech is noticeably absent of any vows to maintain the Republic's Laurelist values.
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: In the aftermath of the Balintawak Blitz, Osmeña urges all Filipinos to reconcile with each other so that they may progress as a united nation.

Flag of the Free Philippine Republic 

Official Name: All-Filipino Revolutionary Socialist Republic, People's Republic of the Philippines (AFRSR Victory), Free Philippine Republic (Post-Marcos coup)
Ruling Party: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinasnote  - Popular Frontism
Ideology: Revolutionary Frontnote 
A band of socialist guerillas that control the mountains of northern Luzon. While beaten back in 1959, the increasing weakness of Philippine government and the Japanese 14th Army presents a new opportunity to strike at Manila.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: The AFRSR is very much based on the real HUKBALAHAP insurgency.
  • Capital Offensive: Their ultimate goal is to capture Manila and proclaim a republic based on Socialist principles with Manila as its capital.
  • Enemy Mine: If the USFIP and AFRSR succeed in overthrowing KALIBAPI, they can form the United Filipino Front to prepare for the inevitable Japanese invasion.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: The AFRSR begrudgingly works with local landlords to keep the army alive, even if they consider it a temporary arrangement.

Luis Taruc
Role: Head of State
Party: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas - United Front Wing, Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas - Orthodox Wing (AFRSR Victory)
Ideology: Revolutionary Frontnote , National Communismnote  (AFRSR Victory)
The leader of both the PKP and its armed wing, the HUKBALAHAP. Taruc is determined to continue the revolutionary struggle, even if that means discarding some "unecessary" revolutionary dogmas.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: He leads the HUKBALAHAP in an armed struggle against the Filipino government, just like he did in Real Life.
  • Chummy Commies: Compared to his predecessor, Jose Lava, Taruc is much more willing to compromise, viewing a dogmatic commitment to Marxism a detriment to the Revolution. Though some of the hardliners in the AFRSR are implied as becoming uneasy with his discarding of old socialist tenets.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: If Taruc decides to take a harder stance against non-socialist elements and attempt to "liquidate" them, this not only destabilizes the AFRSR's hard-won gains. But it also gives Ferdinand Marcos an opportunity to stage an armed coup.
  • Red Baron: Is called "General Alipato" by his fellow revolutionaries.
  • Klingon Promotion: A non-lethal variant. During the chaos of the 1959 retreat, Taruc delivered a scathing "Reason You Suck" Speech to former General Secretary Jose Lava, saying that his caution and dogmatism costed the revolution far too much and that he should be removed before their chance at true socialism is lost forever. Unsurprisingly, it was decided that Taruc shall replace Lava as the General Secretary following some desperate and frenzied applause.
  • The Purge: To consolidate power and control following an AFRSR victory, Taruc can opt to liquidate all non-socialist elements that could pose a threat to his new regime. This backfires, however, resulting in his death and Ferdinand Marcos usurping power.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: Taruc resorts to some underhanded tactics to secure his power for the sake of building a socialist utopia for the Filipino workers and peasants.

Ferdinand Edralin Marcos
Role: Head of State (Coup)
Party: Kilusang Bagong Lipunannote 
Ideology: Right-wing Populismnote 

  • Allohistorical Allusion: Ferdinand Marcos gained infamy for his dictatorial rule in the Philippines, from 1972 to 1986. In TNO, he can seize control over the country under very different circumstances. Coincidentally, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (“New Society Movement”) is also the name of his political movement in OTL, while the Free Philippine Republic's flag is the same one used in the latter years of his real life rule.
  • Beneath Notice: While Marcos is by no means insignificant, he's initially seen by the AFRSR as just another landlord that it has to deal with and tolerate in its struggle against the Japanese. This allows him to emerge as the most powerful man in the country, with Taruc's purges having eliminated or crippled most of his rivals.
  • The Coup: Marcos stages an armed coup within months of the AFRSR's victory, resulting in the declaration of the Free Philippine Republic.
  • Dark Horse Victory: While not insignificant, Marcos only really becomes a major contender should the AFRSR win, and if Taruc opts to purge all non-socialist opposition.
  • Enemy Mine: While nominally aligned with the USFIP, Marcos and his family’s private army found common cause with the AFRSR against the KALIBAPI. That goes out the window once the AFRSR wins, with Marcos instead aligning with every non-socialist within reach, including KALIBAPI remnants and a lone Japanese expat, to depose Taruc.
  • Feudal Overlord: Marcos heads one of the most powerful landlord families outside Manila, with de facto control over the Ilocos region of northern Luzon.
  • Red Baron: A future compass teaser has Marcos being referred to as the "Don of the North".
  • Wild Card: Marcos pursues an ostensibly neutral policy regarding the OFN and Co-Prosperity Sphere, being more content to curry favor with both sides to his country's (and his own) benefit.

Flag of the OFN Mandate of the Philippines 
Flag of the Republic of the Philippines 
Official Name: US Forces in the Philippines, OFN Mandate of the Philippines (OFN Mandate), Republic of the Philippines (USFIP victory)
Ruling Party: Philippine Dep. HQ
Ideology: Interim Govermentnote 

Of the 15,000 US troops who never returned back home after the fall of Bataan and Corregidor, the few that managed to survive created armed bands to resist the Japanese invaders. In the past 20 years, they have managed to consolidate their holdings in Mindanao and most of the southern islands under Colonel Wendell Fertig and are now in a position to retake Manila. With rumors of support from the America, things might be finally looking up for the unsung soldiers.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: In real life, after the end of the war, Japanese soldiers continued to hold out for decades, mostly in isolation in the Philippines. Here, it's the Americans who are stranded and keeping up the fight.
  • The Cavalry Arrives Late: Downplayed. After two decades of seeming inaction and neglect, the USFIP can finally receive support from across the Pacific, from CIA advisors to direct OFN reinforcements.
  • Enemy Mine: If the USFIP and AFRSR succeed in overthrowing KALIBAPI, they can form the United Filipino Front to prepare for the inevitable Japanese invasion.
  • Fire-Forged Friends: After decades of fighting the Japanese, the Filipino and American soldiers under Fertig's command have become these.
  • Government in Exile: The old Commonwealth government is still technically active in America. Though for the longest time, to the chagrin of exiled Filipino officials like Carlos Romulo, its OFN allies have been unwilling to do anything, until an opening finally presents itself. If the USFIP win, those exiles will return as part of the nascent OFN Mandate.
  • Here We Go Again!: If the USFIP wins, not only is the prospect of a Japanese invasion likely, but it could wind up escalating tensions as the US and OFN become directly involved.
  • Meet the New Boss: Downplayed. If the USFIP takes control, the old Commonwealth government is formally reinstated through an OFN Mandate, effectively bringing the Philippines under de facto American rule. With the prospect of an imminent Japanese invasion, however, Filipinos are willing to tolerate it, if this means direct OFN support and eventual independence.
  • Old Soldier: The American soldiers within the USFIP have been fighting the Japanese for 21 years, with some keeping old photographs and dog tags as mementos of a world an ocean away.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Fertig has been forced to make some deals and favors with the local dynasts in exchange for supplies, lest his men starve.

Wendell Fertig
Role: Head of State
Party: Philippine Department Headquarters
Ideology: Interim Governmentnote 
The leader of the USFIP, Fertig is an American colonel who stayed in the Philippines after the Fall of Bataan and now leads what’s left of the US and Filipino troops under his command.
  • Affectionate Nickname: Known as "Tatay" or "Father" to his Filipino troops.
  • Cincinnatus: If the USFIP wins, Fertig relinquishes command over to either the OFN Mandate authorities or the Coalition Government (if that victory's alongside the AFRSR). Having fulfilled his duty, he and men are finally able to return home.
  • A Father to His Men: Fertig respects and cares for the soldiers under his command, whether they are American or Filipino. His men, likewise, reciprocate the admiration.
  • Old Soldier: Has been leading the American-affiliated guerrillas fighting the Japanese for 21 years.
  • Shoot the Shaggy Dog: If he refuses an alliance with the AFRSR in the upcoming Balintawak Blitz, Fertig can end up assassinated by mutinous officers who opposed his decision to even negotiate with the communists. With the help of the American government, Fertig is purposely overdosed with drugs so that dies in his sleep and any staff who suspects foul play are "dispatched", rendering Fertig's decades-long resistance null.
  • Was It Really Worth It?: Sometimes Fertig wonders if he made the right choice staying with his loyal men back in 1946.

Dwight Edward Beach
Role: Military Commander, Head of State (Coalition rejected)
Party: Philippine Department Headquarters
Ideology: Military Mandatenote 
In-Game Biography: Click to Show 

  • Inadequate Inheritor: Beach lacks the prestigious careers and magnetic charisma wielded by MacArthur and Fertig, but he will be put in charge of the USFIP, turned into an OFN Mandate, if Fertig gets assassinated.
  • Took a Level in Badass: Previously, Beach was an unmemorable American commander, but when given command of the USFIP, the OFN will practically give him a blank check of anything he needs to bring the archipelago under OFN control, suddenly turning him into one their most well-equipped military officers.

Carlos Peña Romulo
Role: Head of State (Successful reconstruction)
Party: Partido Liberal
Ideology: Civilian Dictatorshipnote 

  • Allohistorical Allusion: In real life, Romulo was a Renaissance Man, being an accomplished politician, officer, writer, and diplomat. Among the many offices he's assumed over the years was that of being the last US-appointed Resident Commissioner of the Philippines. In TNO, his credentials put him into a very similar position as he oversees his country's transition to independence, under American/OFN oversight.
  • Les Collaborateurs: Romulo is designated by the US to be the provisional President, owing to his status among the Filipino exiles in America and political credentials as a leading Commonwealth figure. However, his biography notes that Romulo might come to despise the United States for their failure to hold the Philippines against Japan during World War II.
  • Patriotic Fervor: Romulo is a genuine patriot who wants what's best for his homeland. This also fuels his simmering resentment towards his erstwhile allies in Washington for seemingly doing nothing to help his country after World War II.
  • The Remnant: Romulo represents what's left of the exiled Commonwealth government.

Carlos Garcia
Role: Head of State (Successful reconstruction)
Party: Partido Nacionalista
Ideology: Oligarchynote 

  • Patriotic Fervor: Garcia advocates for the empowerment of the Filipinos as a single united culture rather than focusing on multiple regional ones, like the Tagalog or the Bisaya.
  • Red Scare: Upon winning the election in either USFIP's Republic or the Coalition Government, Garcia will focus on quashing the communists still present on the Philippines.
  • Stranger in a Familiar Land: Garcia invokes this trope to the OFN authorities as a reason why the local leadership is more qualified to run the country. Viewing the Commonwealth exiles preferred by the US, despite their best intentions or credentials, as too Americanized and out of touch with Filipinos who had to live with decades of Japanese-propped control.

Post-Balintawak Blitz

    Coalition Government of the Philippines
Official Name: Coalition Government of the Philippines
Ruling Party: Nationalista Party
Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 
Should either the AFRSR and the USFIP defeat the Japanese collaborators and peacefully unite, a coalition government will be formed with guerilla leader Ramon Magsaysay as its president.
  • The Alliance: The Coalition Government can be formed if the AFRSR and USFIP achieve victory in their guerilla war against the Japanese and peacefully unite together in a joint government to fight the upcoming Japanese invasion.
  • Democracy Is Flawed: In the interim period of reconstruction, a bicameral Congress is hastily created to oversee the process, but many of its congressmen fiercely debate over domestic matters and even get fistfights with each other, threatening to tear apart the nation, unless the reconstruction is successful.
  • Enemy Mine: Though the AFRSR and USFIP are ideologicallly opposed to each other, they can unite together to form the Coalition Government out of a shared interest in helping the common Filipino people.
  • Here We Go Again!: They have to face yet another Japanese invasion after booting out the collaborators, though with the AFRSR and USFIP's forces united and some OFN help it won't be as one-sided as the previous invasion.
  • Meet the New Boss: Downplayed. The Coalition Government nominally reinstates the institutions of the pre-War Commonwealth of the Philippines. Only this time, with the Filipinos themselves clearly in charge, albeit with some OFN aid.

Lorenzo Martinez Tañada
Role: Head of State
Party: Koalisyon ng Pampamamahala - Kaliwa\n§F Coalition Government - Left
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 

  • 100% Adoration Rating: Tañada is universally beloved across the Philippines, which made him the perfect compromise candidate to lead the Coaltion, until official elections can be held. In the upcoming elections, Taruc can subvert this trope for Tañada by stoking dissent towards his perceived incomptence, allowing Taruc to win the majority of votes.
  • Internal Reformist: In the Second Republic, Tañada has stood firm in his mission to liberalize the country, unafraid to criticize Yulo or the Japanese.
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: Tañada has always espoused support for Filipino rights since the days of the Japanese occupation and he's fully committed to building a stable democracy for the Philippines.

Luis Taruc
Role: Head of State (Successful reconstruction)
Party: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas - United Front Wing, Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas - Orthodox Wing (AFRSR Victory)
Ideology: Revolutionary Frontnote , National Communismnote  (AFRSR Victory)
See his entry in the AFRSR folder.

Carlos García
Role: Head of State (Successful reconstruction)
Party: Nacionalista - Garcia Clique
Ideology: Oligarchynote 
See his entry in the USFIP folder.

Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay
Role: Head of State (Unsuccessful reconstruction)
Party: Nationalista Party
Ideology: Controlled Democracynote 

  • 10-Minute Retirement: Magsaysay initially retired from the resistance rather than cooperate with the communists in the Philippines. However, his retirement was cut short when his old friend and superior, Russell Volckmann, convinced him to rejoin in uprising against the Laurelist administration.
  • Military Coup: If the reconstruction fails, Magsaysay will launch a coup against Tañada and unofficially become its new dictator.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Unlike OTL, wherein Magsaysay died in 1957 from a plane crash, he's still very much alive by 1962, and can potentially become president.
  • In Spite of a Nail: Magsaysay ends up becoming president of the Philippines, just like he did in real life, albeit much later.
  • Rags to Riches: Maysaysay was initially a humble mechanic from Zambales before rising to become a beloved general fighting for the Philippines' liberation.
  • Rebel Leader: Magsaysay is a Filipino soldier who has been fighting against the Japanese colonial government in his home country and can be appointed as its leader if both the AFRSR and USFIP win and unite together. Once in power, one of his first challenges is to ward off the Japanese counterinvasion by the Firipin Gunseibu.
  • Red Scare: Magsaysay's biggest concern upon seizing power is eliminating the remaining communists in the Philippines.

    Firipin Gunseibu

Official Name: Firipin Gunseibu, Firipin Shotō Rinji Seifu
Ruling Party: 14th Army's Provisional Government
Ideology: Ultramilitarism

  • Downer Ending: A 14th Army victory is the worst possible outcome that the Philippines can be subjected to, as they are once again dragged back into Japan's sphere of control and brutalized under a military regime far more violent than the Second Republic.
  • Evil Colonialist: The Firipin Gunseibu is a retaliatory Japanese invasion of the Philippines if the natives and/or Americans defeat the Second Philippine Republic, sent to bring the archipelago back into Japanese control.
  • Roaring Rampage of Revenge: The 14th Army suffered thousands of casualties when they were forced to flee the Philippines after the Republic fell. Upon returning with Takayama at the command, the 14th Army survivors are eager to exact vengeance on the rebels. Even thousands of reserve troops were eager to sign up with the 14th Army so that they can restore Japan's dignity after the Republic fell.
  • Took a Level in Badass: Having failed to defend the Republic in the Balintawak Blitz, the 14th Army will return back to the Philippines stronger than ever, thanks to Takayama's strict discipline and dogma.

Takayama Shinobu
Role: Head of State (Retaliatory invasion)
Party: 14th Army's Provisional Government , 14th Army Headquarters (Post-Victory)
Ideology: Ultramilitarism

  • General Ripper: Takayama plans on retaking the Philippine islands under the Japanese flag and will not be so lenient on the rebels for their uprising.
  • My Country, Right or Wrong: Having already fought on the archipelago in World War II, Takayama knows that the campaign in the Philippines will be brutal, but he still follows Japan's orders to pacify the islands, no matter the cost.
  • Necessary Evil: Despite having witnessed the brutality of the original invasion, from Takayama's perspective, he believes that harsher reprisals are necessary to ensure that the locals would think twice from rebelling again.
  • War Is Hell: Takayama subscribes to this mindset, having witnessed the utter hell that Japanese soldiers had to endure during the Philippines invasion in World War II.

Inada Masazumi
Role: Head of State (Unsuccessful reconstruction)
Party: 14th Army Headquarters
Ideology: Interim Governmentnote 

  • Corrupt Politician: Inada is among the many 14th Army commanders who have taken "ignorable" amounts of money from the Republic to fill his own pockets.
  • Deadly Euphemism: When the Japanese reconstruction of the Philippines fails, Inada is tasked to stabilize the country quickly, while implying that there will be grave consequences if he fails.


    Shonan-Marai Gunseibu
Flag of Sultanate of Johor 

Official Name: Military Governorate of Shonan-Marai, Sultanate of Johor (UMAJF-leaning Ceasefire), Malaysian Federation (post elections)
Party: 25th Army's Provisional Government
Ideology: Colonial Governmentnote 

Japan's puppet government in former British Malaya. Ever since their conquest of the peninsula in 1942, the Sphere has been fighting a continuous battle against Malay and Chinese guerillas and both sides are stretched to their breaking point.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: The situation the Japanese find themselves in is highly reminiscent of the Malayan Emergency faced by the British OTL.
  • Civil War: Right from the game's start, Malaya is torn apart in a two-way civil war between the Japanese puppet government and the UMAJF rebels.
  • Les Collaborateurs: Supporting the 25th Army are the Marai Giyugun, militias still believing in Pan-Asianism, though they aren't numerous and often corrupt.
  • Paper Tiger: The Japanese 25th Army is supposed to be one of the most elite units in the Sphere, guarding the strategic Straits of Malacca and the resources of Malaya. However, the constant attrition with the guerillas have depleted its manpower and equipment. To make up for this, Shonan conscripts any abled person to compensate for the 25th's ineffeciency and form a marginally more competent fighting force.
  • Please Select New City Name: Under Japanese occupation, Singapore has been renamed to Shonan-to.
  • Puppet King: At least initially, the Japanese tried to make the old royal houses into their glorified proxies. It didn’t work, with the Interim Government by 1962 already teetering on the brink of collapse.
  • Puppet State: "Shonan" means "Light of the South" in celebration of Malaya and Singapore's liberation from British colonization. Truthfully, Shonan is anything but, as Japanese businessmen dominate the scene and extract the country's raw resources for their own personal gain.
  • Unwanted Rescue: The arriving Japanese soldiers sent to quash the UMAJF are barely tolerated by the native Malayans, who can see through the propaganda lies that they're fighting for their liberation and freedom from foreign imperialism.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: A major contributor to Shonan's lack of stability is the thin network between the country's allies, in which most of the country's collaborators regularly fight each other for more personal power, even leading some to become sympathizers with the nation's rebels.

Yamamoto Moichiro
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: 25th Army's Provisional Government
Ideology: Colonial Governmentnote 

  • Cincinnatus: Moichiro will only hold power until Peng's rebels are suppressed before he steps down and opens elections to decide on Malaysia's next leader.
  • Obliviously Evil: Moichiro considers his increasingly extreme crack downs against the UMAJF as a justified measure to restore order back to Malaya.
  • Won the War, Lost the Peace: Moichiro planned on ending his career with a last "hurrah" by driving UMAJF from Shonan. While he did successfully drive them from the more resource-rich and strategically vital regions of the nation, he's still been unable to dislodge them completely and faces a hopeless guerilla war that can escalate to a full-blown civil war.

Kurosawa Takeo
Role: Head of State (Total UMAJF victory)
Party: Shonan-to Garrison HQ
Ideology: Colonial Governmentnote 

  • The Remnant: If the Japanese colonial government loses control over Malaya, Kurosawa will rally the remnant Japanese forces and retreat to Shonan-to under the Shonan-to Gunseibu. Luckily for them, the UMAJF can't attack them there because Shonan-to is too important for Japan to lose and any invasion there would threaten more heavy Japanese intervention that the rebels have no chance of winning against.

Burhanuddin Al-Helmy
Role: Head of State (Election)
Ideology: Left-wing Nationalismnote 

  • Dark Horse Victory: Given his socialist beliefs, few would've expected that Al-Helmy can win the Malayan elections after the collaborators win the Malayan Emergency.
  • Internal Reformist: Al-Helmy's platform is based on delivering a mix of socialist and Islamic reforms to fix the collaborationist government's worst flaws.

Dato Onn Jaafar
Role: Head of State (Election)
Ideology: Paternalistic Conservatismnote 

  • The Quisling: Jaafar is content to keep Malaya under Japan's thumb, which is his campaign receives significant Japanese support during the Malayan elections.
  • Won the War, Lost the Peace: After the Malayan Emergency and elections, Jaafar will have to contend with his growing age and the increasing fractures within his own party, which will significantly hamper his ability to govern the nation.

Syed Jaafar Albar
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: 25th Army's Provisional Government
Ideology: Aristocratic Conservatismnote 

  • Meet the New Boss: Whether he succeeds Dato upon his passing or just blatantly seizes power himself, Albar has the same foreign agenda in mind: continued collaboration with the Japanese.
  • Patriotic Fervor: Albar can rise to power in the collaborationist government by espousing nationalist views that win him the support of native Malayans, at the potential cost of starting ethnic violence against the country's minorities.
  • The Quisling: Albar is eager to collaborate with the Japanese, even if it means subjecting his own people to another round of colonial oppression.

Ismail bin Ibrahim
Role: Head of State (UMAJF-leaning ceasefire)
Party: Ismail's Court
Ideology: Aristocratic Conservatismnote 

  • The Quisling: Ismail is a Malaysian soldier serving under the Japanese collaborationist government and will be appointed as its leader if the Malayan Emergency ends in a ceasefire.

Flag of the Provisional Government of Malaysia 
Official Name: United Malayan Anti-Japanese Front, Provisional Government of Malaysia, Democratic Republic of Malaysia (victory against Japan), All-Malaysian Revolutionary Front (defeated by Japan)
Ruling Party: United Malayan Anti-Japanese Front - Parti Komunis Malaya
Ideology: Bukharinismnote 

An alliance of Malay and Chinese partisans fighting against the Japanese and their collaborators. While driven from major cities, the resistance is still alive, if depleted.

  • Apathetic Citizens: If the CIA begins to meddle with Malaysian elections, it will soon find that most Malaysians are largely politically illiterate and that campaigning with banners and posters are ineffective. Other tactics seem to work better
  • Chummy Commies: The UMAJF is a communist united front dedicated to freeing Malaysia from Japanese imperialism by any means necessary, including cooperating with the OFN.
  • Deal with the Devil: Should the UMAJF take a port, the OFN is more than willing to flood them with guns, advisors and supplies. While their neighbors may sneer at them for receiving assistance from the west, at least they will be free and very well-armed.
  • The Determinator: The UMAJF starts at a disadvantageous position to Shonan, but all of their fighters are still determined to fight for their cause, casually disregarding the possibility of death.
  • Easy Logistics: Subverted. The American aid to the UMAJF is hindered by a lack of ports to send them substantial help, which makes it incredibly vital for the rebels to acquire one if they want to win.
  • Enemy Mine: The UMAJF is an alliance between four different groups: the Communist Party of Malaya (PKM) led by Chin Peng, the socialists under Ahmad Boestamam, the nationalist PEKEMBAR under Tun Abdul Razak, and the Askar Wataniah Regiment under pro-nationalist General Yeop Mahidin.
  • I Did What I Had to Do: Many deride the UMAJF's outreach for generous American support, but the group justifies their actions as necessary to liberate Shonan.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: If the Malayan Emergency lasts too long and the UMAJF fails to gain enough territory, the MPAJA and Askar Wataniah will break ranks and put the conflict to a screeching halt.

Chin Peng
Role: Military Commander, Head of State
Party: United Malayan Anti-Japanese Front - Parti Komunis Malaya, Barisan Rakyat Malaya - Persatuan (defeated by Japan)
Ideology: Bukharinismnote 

  • Chummy Commies: Peng is a Malaysian Chinese communist fighting for the liberation of his home country against Japanese imperialism.
  • Cincinnatus: If the UMAJF triumphs in the Malayan Emergency, Peng plans on acting as a caretaker governor, until new elections are held and a president is formally chosen. However, this becomes Subverted if the UMAJF achieve ceasefire in favor of the collaborators.
  • Old Soldier: Peng has been fighting the Japanese for over 20 years.

Ahmad Boestamam
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: United Malayan Anti-Japanese Front - Parti Buruh Malaya, Gabungan Peralihan Tanah Melayu (UMAJF Victory)
Ideology: Revolutionary Frontnote 

  • Reasonable Authority Figure: He recognizes that not many are keen on accepting his socialist ideas, leading him to ally with more moderate elements in the UMAJF to keep the coalition together.
  • Won the War, Lost the Peace: Upon taking power via election, a large nationalist movement rises up in opposition to him, indicating that his efforts to reform Malaya will not be easier than liberating it from Japan.

Tun Abdul Razak
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu
Ideology: Paternalistic Conservatismnote 
The American backed candidate for Malaysian leadership, representing right-wing nationalists.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: He can become Prime Minister of Malaysia just like OTL, albeit a decade early.
  • Every Man Has His Price: The CIA can utilize its lavish budget to bribe Malaysian politicians and political campaigners to smoothen Razak's way to victory.
  • Won the War, Lost the Peace: Even if Razak secures election after the Malayan Emergency, a strong socialist coalition, led by Boestamam, stands opposed to his agenda, casting doubt on if the new president can push his agenda without tearing the nation apart.
  • Worthy Opponent: Even after Razak beats Ahmad Boestaman in the Malaysian elections handily with sufficient CIA support, when the latter voices his frustration and accuses the former of being in the pocket of the CIA, Razak takes the time to listen to and empathize with his defeated foe, befriending him in the process.

Yeop Mahidin
Role: Military Commander, Head of State (Japanese-leaning ceasefire)
Party: Askar Wataniah
Ideology: Military Juntanote 

  • Cincinnatus: Once he seizes power, Mahidin institutes a temporary military junta, promising to eventually step down when Tun Hussein Onn arrives back from exile in India. Many cast doubt on the authenticity of his promise, but Mahidin can actually live up to it and let Hussein take over.
  • The Coup: In the case of a Shonan-leaning victory scenario in the Malayan Emergency, Mahidin and the Askar Wataniah can coup Peng's MPAJA, establishing a temporary dictatorship until the return of Hussein.

Tun Hussein Onn
Role: Head of State (Mahidin succession)
Ideology: Semi-Constitutional Monarchynote 

  • The Exile: Since the Japanese conquest of Malaya, Hussein has lived in exile in the Republic of India, though he can return if Mahidin takes over the UMAJF remnants and steps down from power.
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: Hussein is willing to compromise with the collaborationist government and reunite bloodlessly to end their feud. Even better, this approach can work, as the UMAJF remnants can peacefully unite Malaya, with the exception of Shonan-to.

North Borneo

    Nanpo Gunseikan
Official Name: North Borneo Military Administration Headquarters, North Borneo Transitional Authority (Dismantlement)
Ruling Party: 37th Army
Ideology: Colonial Governmentnote 
The Japanese military administration over the former British Borneo, commanded by General Baba Masao and his 37th Army.

  • Balkanize Me: In Takagi's route, the Nanpo Gunseikan will be balkanized into three states: itself, Sarawak, and Brunei.
  • Day of the Jackboot: the North Borneo Administration is where the IJA's presence in Southeast Asia is most directly felt, with the military garrison having near-absolute control, and a blank check to do whatever it wants away from Tokyo's prying eyes.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em: Should Takagi become Prime Minister and order an investigation into the North Borneo Administration, he can have the IJA garrison withdraw, rationalizing that it’s causing more trouble than it’s worth. The territory is instead handed to a transitional authority tasked with overseeing its partition.
  • Minor Crime Reveals Major Plot: An investigation of North Borneo under Prime Minister Takagi reveals a web of corruption and brutality that shocks the Japanese government into dissolving it.
  • Wretched Hive: While North Borneo on paper is strictly run by the IJA garrison, in practice it's rife with myriad abuses and exploitation. So much so that should these come to light under Prime Minister Takagi's investigation, he has the territory dissolved and partitioned almost immediately.

Baba Masao
Role: Head of State
Party: 37th Army
Ideology: Colonial Governmentnote 

  • Evil Colonialist: Baba Masao is a tyrant who does not shy away from any brutal methods to suppress any attempts at resistance and enforce his will. A believer in Japanese supremacy, he furthered Japanese assimilation policies in North Borneo and turned it into a playground for Japanese zaibatsu, each seeking for their share of riches from the island.
  • False Reassurance: Masao is on the receiving end of this from Takagi upon being ordered back to Japan. While he's ostensibly being given a hero's welcome and commendation, he breaks down upon realizing that this is only a pretext to his imminent trial in light of the government's investigation into Borneo.
  • Villainous Breakdown: In Takagi's Conservative path, Masao loses it upon being recalled back to Japan. Despite ostensibly receiving a hero's welcome, he knows that his days are numbered once the truth comes to light.

Sugiyama Shigeru
Role: Head of State (Nanpo Gunseikan dismantled)
Party: 37th Army Headquarters
Ideology: Interim Governmentnote 

  • Boring, but Practical: Sugiyama's control of North Borneo is far more limited than Masao's, but this means that Japan doesn't waste as much money on maintaining their tight occupation of North Borneo, delegating that job to the native collaborators and giving leeway for how Japan can spend their funds.
  • Cincinnatus: Sugiyama is tasked to oversee the transition of power to local collaborators, with the bulk of the garrison being withdrawn once this is accomplished.

Official Name: Sultanate of Brunei
Ideology: Absolute Monarchynote 

  • The Good Kingdom: The restoration of the monarchy in Brunei is portrayed as a positive consequence of Takagi's reforms and a restoration of autonomy back to the natives.

Omar Ali Saifuddien III
Role: Head of State
Ideology: Absolute Monarchynote 

  • Rightful King Returns: After the Nanpo Gunseikan is dismantled, Saifuddien will be invited back to power as the Sultan of Brunei, restoring independence back to the country.

Official Name: Raj of Sarawak
Ideology: Paternalism

  • La Résistance: With help from the OFN, the people of Sarawak have bitterly resisted the Japanese occupation of their homeland, in which they may get their semi-independence when Takagi dismantles the Nanpo Gunseikan and releases them as a Japanese aligned state

Abang Haji Mustapha
Role: Head of State
Ideology: Paternalism

  • The Quisling: Mustapha has collaborated with the Japanese ever since their occupation of Sarawak in World War II, in which he can then take charge of the country if Takagi dissolves the Nanpo Gunseikan.


    Republic of Indonesia
Official Name: Republic of Indonesia
Ruling Party: Partai Nasional Indonesia
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote 
Indonesia is a Japanese collaborator republic that formed after Japan occupied the Dutch East Indies in World War II.

  • Authority in Name Only: Similarly to the Philippines, Indonesia on the surface is a loyal independent member of the Co-Prosperity Sphere and proof of Japan's anti-colonialist, pan-Asianist rhetoric. Yet while the PNI is more stable than its KALIBAPI counterparts, there's nonetheless significant domestic turmoil, as the realities on the ground and simmering anti-Japanese resistance undermine the regime's legitimacy.
  • Civil War: Sukarno's 01/62 decree plunges Indonesia into a civil war between himself and Hatta's coalition of anti-Japanese rebels.
  • Made a Slave: One of the most reviled policies in Indonesia is the Romusha System, where a portion of the population is "levied" as manual labor to be exploited. Under this system, the workers face terrible conditions and marginal pay, effectively turning them into a slave for the Japanese.
  • Mega-Corp: In return for aid in modernizing the nation, a consortium was established between the Indonesian government and the Zaibatsus. Many years after Japanese support dried up, the Zaibatsus continue to maintain control over the lion's share of Indonesia's mineral wealth and the profits from their sale.
  • Right Hand Versus Left Hand: The command structures of the Indonesian military are divided amongst petty zones of influence, and cooperation between commanders is poor.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: Indonesia's military command structure is divided between numerous commanders fighting for influence, so there is little cooperation between them and logistics are a significant problem for the nation.

Role: Head of State
Party: Partai Nasional Indonesia, Parti Nasional Indonesia - Pembaruan (Indonesian Civil War)
Ideology: Social Nationalismnote , National Syndicalismnote  (Indonesian Civil War)
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

Sukarno is the leader of Indonesia since the country's independence, and a strong supporter of Japanese pan-Asianism. A leading Indonesian nationalist in Dutch East Indies, Sukarno worked with Japan during World War II to expel the colonists and declare Indonesia's independence. He had remained popular in his decades of rule, but his autocratic tendencies and Japanese loyalties are increasingly fracturing and radicalizing Indonesian politics.

  • Alas, Poor Villain: Should Free Indonesia triumph, PKI militias capture and execute Sukarno, driven by mob justice. When Hatta learns of this, he's deeply saddened, acknowledging that he was still his former friend, despite becoming enemies during the civil war.
  • Commie Nazis: If Sukarno wins the Indonesian Civil War, he switches his sub-ideology to National Syndicalist from his previous Social Nationalist ideology.
  • Emergency Authority: Indonesia's very first focus grants Sukarno the power he needs to protect national security through emergency amendments to the constitution.
  • Failure Is the Only Option: Even if Sukarno wins the Indonesian War, Suharto will always coup him following a few days after the civil war.
  • President for Life: As terrorist attacks become increasingly frequent, Sukarno will introduce Decree 01/62, granting himself emergency powers in the name of national security. While Sukarno views this as a necessary step to combat extremism, idealists like Hatta become further disillusioned with him, contributing to their eventual rebellion in the Indonesian War.
  • Pyrrhic Victory: If Sukarno wins the Indonesian War, he'll feel no enjoyment from his victory, still mournful about having to fight his former friend Hatta and missing his presence at the victory speech.
  • The Quisling: Unlike OTL, Sukarno and his comrades never stopped collaborating with Japan and continue to rule in her interests, believing Japan and the Sphere to be a reliable protector of Indonesian independence.
  • Realpolitik: Downplayed. While Sukarno and his supporters genuinely believe in Japan's pan-Asianism, they would only continue remaining loyal so long as it's in the best interests of Indonesia.
  • We Used to Be Friends: Sukarno's Vice President Mohammad Hatta is one of the oldest friends, before they have a falling-out as Hatta disagrees with how Sukarno turns himself into a dictator soon after the game begins. Even when he has Hatta arrested, Sukarno still wonders what he did to lose his best friend, and despite Hatta's betrayal, nothing can erase the time the two shared together. After the speech that he makes if he wins the civil war, Sukarno tries to turn to Hatta, his Vice President and friend, to ask him how he did, but Hatta was gone.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: Sukarno is an authoritarian collaborator to the Japanese, but he views these actions as necessary to make Indonesia a prosperous and united nation.
  • Villain with Good Publicity: In spite of his cooperation with Japan, Sukarno is a beloved figure to his people and even his most radical opponents only claim that he's just ruling incorrectly rather than being an inherently evil figure.

Role: Military Commander, Head of State (Military Coup)
Party: PNI - P
Ideology: National Conservatismnote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • Allohistorical Allusion: Suharto's ascension to power mirrors OTL.
  • Ambiguous Situation: Once the Free Indonesian forces are crushed, Suharto will launch a coup against Sukarno, though the reasons why are never elaborated upon.
  • The Coup: Suharto can launch a coup and overthrow Sukarno if either Sukarno wins the civil war, or if the civil war lasts too long. In the former case, Suharto will install himself as Indonesia's new leader; in the latter case, he'll let Mohammad Hatta take charge.
  • Wild Card: Suharto's loyalties can switch on a dime and he'll end up betraying Sukarno, either if he wins the Indonesian War or if he doesn't finish the conflict quickly enough.

    Free Indonesia

Official Name: Free Indonesian National Front
Ruling Party: Demokrasi Kita
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 
A hastily-formed coalition of anti-Sukarno dissidents that seek to end Japanese rule in Indonesia.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: Free Indonesia's tenouous position, and the potential for the OFN to directly support it especially should Lyndon Johnson become President of the US, is reminiscent of South Vietnam's predicament.
  • Enemy Mine: Hatta's coalition consists of liberals, Islamists, communists and disgruntled generals, a grotesquerie of diverse factions only loosely unified by a hatred of Sukarno.
  • Rag Tag Bunch Of Misfits: The Free Indonesian forces are a chaotic mess of army defectors, militia men of varying quality, and inexperienced recruits, all with diverse tactics and military structures. It becomes Deconstructed when it's shown that this diversity has led to logistical difficulties that hamper the effectiveness of the army.

Mohammad Hatta
Role: Vice Presidentnote  (Sukarno cabinet), Head of State (Indonesian War)
Party: Demokrasi Kita
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • Defector from Decadence: Hatta resigns from his position and rebels against Sukarno because he thinks that his old friend has gone mad with power when issuing the 01/62 decree, which effectively turns him into a dictator.
  • Honest Advisor: Sukarno has always counted on Hatta for honest criticism and pertinent advice, which makes his rebellion all the more difficult to stomach.
  • Pyrrhic Victory: If Hatta wins the Indonesian War, he can't savor his victory because of Sukarno's death during the conflict. Even though Sukarno was his enemy and a tyrant, Hatta still acknowledges him as a friend and hoped that he could've saved him by either pardoning his crimes or at least postponing his execution indefinitely. In the end, Hatta can only imagine Sukarno ruling by his side, continuing to advice, joke, and even argue with him.
  • The Quisling: Hatta was originally Sukarno's vice president and a Japanese collaborator who was fooled into thinking that Indonesia was independent and under Japanese guidance. Once Hatta began witnessing Sukarno's increasingly despotic actions, Hatta realized that Indonesia really is a glorified puppet of Japan and will rise up against them during the Indonesian War.
  • Rebel Leader: Hatta commands a coalition of resistance fighters seeking to overthrow Sukarno and end the Japanese rule.


Flag of the Republic of Australia 
Official Name: Commonwealth of Australia, Republic of Australia (Republic)
Ruling Party: Liberal Party of Australia
Ideology: Liberalism
During WWII, Australia lost Papua and New Guinea to the Japanese, and a generation of young men died fighting a losing war. Demoralized and under pressure, the Dominion of Australia severed ties with London when Germany occupied England. By 1962, Australia is a liberal democracy and an OFN member state. Internally, it faces an economic recession and inefficient politics, while externally, rising Japanese influences loom upon the Land Down Under.

  • The Alliance: Australia is a founding member in the United States' OFN, easing their fears about a Japanese invasion that would threaten their sovereignty.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: Australia’s Republican flag uses a modified version of the "Southern Horizon" flag proposed in OTL 2014.
  • Let No Crisis Go to Waste: Australia will retake Christmas Island at the outbreak of the Indonesian civil war.
  • Politically Incorrect Hero: As the game starts, Australia still maintains the White Australia policy and associated racial laws, although most recent Prime Ministers have avowed to end it. Anti-Japanese racial slurs are even used in the Australian national spirit descriptions.
  • The Republic: Australia starts as a monarchy, but it can later abolish it and become a republic instead.

Harold Holt
Party: Liberal Party of Australia
Ideology: Liberalism
The Liberal Prime Minister of Australia.
  • Internal Reformist: On top of strengthening Australia's ties to the OFN and stabilizing the country's economy, Holt wants to end the White Australia policy, earning the support of countless reformers who also oppose the same laws.

"Toolbox Theory: Unfinished Business" Update

Upcoming content coming with the Australia rework in the "Toolbox Theory: Unfinished Business" update.

  • I Am Who?: A teased starting national spirit defines Australia as a nation without a definitive ethnicity. The indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are treated like second-class citizens in their own homeland and most of Australia's settler population come from a multitude of different nations. Following the surrender of Britain after World War II, most Australians are left wondering how to define themselves, whether to chart their own course or stick to the traditions of their founders.
  • In Spite of a Nail: The Australian nuclear program leak shows that the Maralinga nuclear tests can still happen in this timeline, but now intended to counter Japanese aggression in the Pacific.

Kim Beazley Sr.
Role: Head of State
Party: Australian Labour Party - Right
Ideology: Progressivism
In-Game Biography: Click to Show 

The Labour Prime Minister of Australia.

  • Honor Before Reason: A teased newspaper event notes that Beazley doesn't get implicated in a pork-barreling scheme spun by several of his high-profile supporters, but he chooses to resign anyway for failing to uphold the integrity of his own party.
  • We Hardly Knew Ye: The Australia teaser shows Beazley retiring within the first year of the game out of shame for letting a pork-barreling scandal go without noticing.

H.V. Evatt
Role: Head of State (Interim Prime Minister)
Party: Australian Labour Party - Left
Ideology: Socialism
In-Game Biography: Click to Show 

  • Feeling Their Age: According to his teased biography, Evatt was once one of Australia's most well-renowned lawyers, having won numerous honors and awards for his work. Unfortunately, Evatt's brilliant mind has deteriorated after he developed cerebral thrombosis and arteriosclerosis, which led him to become more slow-witted and arrogant to a fault.
  • Politically Incorrect Hero: Unlike the rest of the Parliament, Evatt still supports the White Australian policy, as stated in his teased biography.
  • Short-Lived Leadership: In the Australia teaser, Evatt only serves as interim Prime Minister after Beazley's resignation before stepping down in the upcoming 1962 elections. Given his declining mental health, it's for the best.

Paul Hasluck
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: Liberal Party of Australia
Ideology: Paternalistic Conservatismnote 
In-Game Biography: Click to Show 

  • Dark Horse Victory: In his teaser biography, Hasluck is considered a black sheep from within his own party, since most are unfamiliar with his old, Tory-style paternalistic views. Should he become elected in 1962, it would signify a widespread shift in Australian politics.
  • Reconcile the Bitter Foes: In the Australia rework teaser, Hasluck believes that Australia's current problems are due to its lack of social unity, which he vows to mend.

Arthur Calwell
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: Australian Labour Party - Right
Ideology: Social Democracynote 
In-Game Biography: Click to Show 

  • Can't Take Criticism: If anyone criticizes his racism, he'll merely consider them "ratbags", according to his teased biography.
  • Politically Incorrect Hero: The Australia rework teaser describes Calwell as a crusader who fights for greater benefits to the labor unions and downtrodden, but he's also unflinchingly defensive against efforts to reverse the White Australian policy, considering all non-White races as "pollutants" on Australian soil.

John Gorton
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: Liberal Party of Australia
Ideology: National Liberalismnote 
In-Game Biography: Click to Show 

  • Beneath the Mask: His teased biography reveals that, underneath his sarcastic and clownish persona, Gorton is deeply aware that he's disliked throughout the political scene for his anomalous political beliefs and other vices, including alcoholism and philanderism.
  • Dark and Troubled Past: In his teaser biography, Gorton has suffered numerous tragedies throughout his life, notably losing his mother when she was locked up in a sanatorium and having his face deformed from an airplane crash. Despite this, Gorton has endured with a smile on his face and brushes off any insult thrown his way because he's already used to being put down so often.
  • Insult Backfire: His biography from Australia rework teaser states that Gorton's detractors like to call his policies "a club of mushrooms: kept in the dark and fed on shit". Gorton merely laughs and joins in on the fun, which has earned him the nickname "Chief Spore".

Clyde Cameron
Role: Head of State (Election)
Party: Australian Labour Party - Left
Ideology: Socialism
In-Game Biography Click to Show 

  • Chummy Commies: According to the Australia rework teaser, Cameron's goals are to secure greater rights for the common worker, instill pacifistic attitudes, and overturn the racist policies still active in Australia.
  • The Idealist: Beneath his image of a calm pragmatist, Cameron is an idealistic socialist who will never give up on his dream for an egalitarian Australia. From his teaser biography, he'll aim to teach the next generation of socialists to keep his vision alive and finish his work, even if he fails to achieve his goals himself.

    New Zealand
Official Name: New Zealand
Ruling Party: New Zealand National Party - Moderates
Ideology: Liberal Conservatism
The Dominion of New Zealand, far away from all the major powers of the world, used to be a land of peace. The fall of London to Germany and the loss of Asia and the Pacific to Japan disrupted the peaceful vision of New Zealand, and the nation suddenly became anxious of their future. By 1962, New Zealand is an OFN member state. Though isolated, the nation is determined to defend itself.

  • The Famine: It hasn't happened yet, but New Zealand is under the threat of approaching one, as their heavy urbanization and lack of arable land has limited their opportunities to farm and sustainably feed their people. If the urbanization crisis gets worse, the food shortages may get worse.
  • Foreign Culture Fetish: New Zealand's markets are flooded with American products in replacement of British ones, but most New Zealanders are content with this.
  • Small, Secluded World: Stuck in its own little corner of the Pacific Ocean, New Zealand remains relatively isolated from the rest of the world, aside from their animosity to the Co-Prosperity Sphere and ties to the OFN.

Keith Holyoake
Role: Head of State
Party: New Zealand National Party - Moderates
Ideology: Liberal Conservatism
The Prime Minister of New Zealand.

  • Reasonable Authority Figure: Holyoake is interested in representing the interests of the common farmer and rancher in New Zealand, which contributed to his electoral victory.