The remnants of the former Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, based around the city of Kyzylorda. It continues to claim most of Kazakhstan as its territory.
- Authority in Name Only: Even though the borders of Kyzylorda are impressive in contrast to other Kazakh states, in reality, the military government holds full control only over the capital city and Alma-Ata, while the rest of its territories are lawless and riddled with bandits, as German bombings make maintaining order in other territories impossible.
- Elite Army: Kyzylorda is the only country in the region that has a professional military force, formed from the remnants of the Red Army.
- The Remnant: Kyzylorda is the legal successor of the Kazakh SSR and one of the few post-Soviet states that still hold to the idea of Soviet Communism.
- Resurgent Empire: After all enemies in the region are dealt with, Soviet Kazakhstan can launch a campaign to reclaim Russia and restore the Soviet Union in its former glory.
- Cincinnatus: General Momyshuly can resign as political leader after Kyzylorda reunifies Kazakhstan, ceding his powers to Dinmukhamed Kunaev's civilian government.
- Undying Loyalty: Momyshuly is unwaveringly loyal to the principles of Marxism-Leninism and his two homelands, the Soviet Union and Kazakhstan. After the USSR's collapse, he became determined to become the catalyst that would revive the Union and communism.
A democratic republic located in northeastern Kazakhstan and based around the city of Pavlodar.
- Disaster Democracy: Pavlodar is one of the two functioning democracies in Central Asia, a region filled with despots, warlords and bandits.
- La Résistance: Inspired by Pavlodar's desperate fight against Kyzylorda, liberals can launch an uprising in Communist-controlled Alma-Ata, which, while destined to fail, opens for Pavlodar a possible opportunity to turn the tide of war.
- Richard Nixon the Used Car Salesman: In real life, Mukanov was a writer and anthropologist. In this timeline, he has become a politician, and president of the democratic Republic of Pavlodar.
An Islamic fundamentalist goverment based around the city of Kostanay, and located in the northern half of Kazakhstan.
- Church Militant: The Islamic Anti-Bandit Brigades are popular and godly militias that bring justice to the land of Kostanay.
- Forbidden Zone: If Kostanay unifies Kazakhstan, it enters isolation and closes its borders to non-believers.
- The Fundamentalist: Kostanay, once a mere bandit domain, became a nation ruled by Islamic fundamentalists who seek to launch a holy war against the infidels in the rest of Kazakhstan.
- The Theocracy: The Islamic Republic of Kostanay is ruled by the law of God.
A Kazakh nationalist republic based around the city of Khromtau near the Aral Sea. It officially subscribes to National Renewal, an ideology which combines elements of capitalism, communism and fascism.
- The Famine: As a result of Khromtau's relentless industrialisation, more and more people are moving to the cities every day, leaving their farms fallow. Officially the Party's line is that the food shortages are temporary, but internal studies have shown that if industrialisation is not scaled down, the death toll will be catastrophic.
- Colonel Badass: Onoprienko was a decorated Red Army colonel during World War II.
- Commie Nazis: Chairman Onoprienko has forged a "National Renewal" ideology that includes elements of capitalism, communism, and fascism. In gameplay terms, his ideology is classified as fascism.
- Immigrant Patriotism: Onoprienko was born to a family of Ukrainian peasants who had migrated to Kazakhstan.
A Kazakh warlord state based around the city of Kokshetau in northern Kazakhstan, which seeks to imitate the nomadic hordes and empires of its past.
- Hordes from the East: Abu Khan tries to invoke the glory of the nomadic hordes of the past.
- Rape, Pillage, and Burn: The hordes of Kokshetau are glorified bandits who see nearby territories as mere targets for raids. The conquest of major cities in Central Asia by Abu Khan's forces is accompanied by terrifying pillaging.
- Historical Villain Upgrade: The real Abu Dusukhambetov was a Hero of the Soviet Union who was killed in battle in 1943 when fighting in Kiev.
- King of Thieves: Abu Khan is the most powerful bandit warlord in Kazakhstan.
- A Villain Named Khan: Abu Dusukhambetov got the nickname Abu Khan after he personally killed the leader of a bandit gang, which stuck.
A Kazakh National Socialist dictatorship, ruled by the Kazakh Dawn Party and its Blueshirts paramilitary, located in the city of Aktau between the Caspian and Aral sea.
- Dark Is Evil: The State of Aktau flies a black flag and is run by Kazakh Nazis.
- A Nazi by Any Other Name: The Kazakh Dawn Party is fanatically nationalist, anti-communist, and has a desire to ethnically purify Kazakhstan for Kazakhs only, expelling any Slavs after they unify the country. In the game, Aktau is classified as National Socialist.
- Meaningful Rename: Aktau's ministers and generals all removed the Russian -ov suffix from their surnames.
- State Sec: The Kazakh Blueshirts are a paramilitary fiercely dedicated to the fascist ideals of the Kazakh Dawn Party.
- Historical Villain Upgrade: Safa Gazizov was an obscure Kazakh KGB officer IRL. He had no known nationalist tendencies, let alone National Socialist tendencies, in real life.
- Meaningful Rename: Safa Gaziz's birth surname was Gazizov. He presumably removed the Russian -ov suffix when he adopted his ultranationalist, anti-Russian ideals.
A republic located in western Kazakhstan, which was founded by Polish refugees exiled from Poland to Central Asia.
- Artifact Title: Nowa Polska is still officially known as the Polish Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, even though it is no longer affiliated with any Soviet remnant, and the socialist Polish Workers' Party is no longer in power.
- Determinator: Nowa Polska was founded by Poles who were sent by the Germans in hundreds of thousands to die in the wastes of Siberia and the deserts of Kazakhstan. They refused to die and organized themselves to settle in Western Kazakhstan, intending to preserve their second homeland and survive.
- Fighting for a Homeland: Nowa Polska is founded by Polish refugees who refuse to die, and exemplifies "Poland is Not Yet Lost" in the world of TNO.
- Going Native: Its possible for the Poles to compromise their identity to the point of having more and more in common with their Kazakh neighbors than their compatriots back in their old homeland.
- Invading Refugees: As Poles filled Western Kazakh cities and towns, they developed a... complicated relationship with the locals who found themselves a displaced minority in their homeland. As a result, ethnic conflicts aren't a rare occurrence in those lands.
- New Neo City: The Polish exiles in Western Kazakhstan informally call their country Nowa Polska (New Poland).
- The Promised Land: Western Kazakhstan became a new homeland for exiled Poles, who intend to protect it at all costs.
- Reluctant Ruler: If the Poles refuse to compromise their national identity and not only fight back against Zabelkin, the bandits, and all the rest, but win against them all, they find themselves in a position of ruling over a vast Kazakh population that they never really wanted to rule over, but can't really afford to let go of, lest they wind up having to refight all those wars just to keep themselves from being expelled from a second homeland.
- The Remnant: By the start of the mod, Nowa Polska is the only Polish nation left, with the historical borders of Poland being German territory, either as part of the Reich proper, the Generalgouvernement or RK Ostland.
- You Can't Go Home Again: The Poles exiled to Kazakhstan have accepted that old Poland is, indeed, lost to them, and they have no choice but to build a new home in the Central Asian steppes.
- Enemy Mine: Although Spychalski is still loyal to Socialism and the Soviet Union, he's willing to overlook the revolutionary principles and seek inconvenient allies among class enemies, whatever it takes for Nowa Polska to survive.
- Military Coup: Spychalski came into power by orchestrating a bloodless coup against the Polish Workers' Party on behalf of generals who viewed the government as too dogmatic and short-sighted.
- The Neutral Zone: Aktobe is a neutral state ruled by Polish general Rudolf Dzipanow, located in the former territories of Kostanay and Khromtau, established by Nowa Polska after it pacifies Kazakhstan and annexes Aktau as a buffer between itself and the friendly Republic of Kazakhstan located in Pavlodar, Kokshetau and Kyzylorda.
An independent Turkmen republic, successor of the old Turkmen SSR.
- Internal Reformist: Annaorazov is determined to modernise his country by tackling the lack of a national consciousness and national unity, something which he considers to be a hindrance to the Turkmen nation.
A fascist dictatorship ruled by anti-communist ideologue and German collaborator Veli Kayum-Khan.
- The Quisling: During World War II, Kayum-Khan led the Turkestan Legion, a Wehrmacht unit composed of Turkestani collaborators and prisoners of war.
A democratic republic ruled by the Karakalpak people that seceded from Uzbekistan not long ago.
- Disaster Democracy: In the chaos that followed the USSR's collapse, the Karakalpaks were quick to declare independence and gracefully transitioned from communist rule to a functioning liberal democracy, without strongmen or tyrants.
- Richard Nixon the Used Car Salesman: In real life, Yusupov was a writer and journalist. In this timeline, he took advantage of his popularity as an author and his rhetorical command to be elected President of Karakalpakstan.
- The Remnant: Tajikistan is one of the few post-Soviet states that still hold to the idea of Soviet communism.
- Reluctant Ruler: Gafurov is not a politician by career and knows that he is not the best leader for his country, but still sees it as his duty to keep control, as he has not found anyone deemed worthy of bearing the torch of socialism in Tajikistan.
An isolationist republic ruled by Russian general Ivan Grishin.
- Artifact Title: Kyrgyzstan continues to be officially called the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic, even though it no longer adheres to Soviet communism.
- Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Due to Ivan Grishin's charisma, Communist remnants and Kirghiz nationalists could work together for the benefit of the whole country, even if they would would gnaw each other's throats under anyone else. However, Grishin's reluctant allies are becoming dissatisfied with his unwillingness to implement their vision of the ideal Kyrgyzstan.