- Allohistorical Allusion: Some of the options available to either bolster Iberian Algeria's position or ensure the safety of the settlers invoke a Portuguese take on Rhodesia. One diplomatic focus tree choice is even titled "Talks about the Talks", referencing a Rhodesian song.
- Invading Refugees: Iberian Algeria became a glorified dumping ground for Portuguese settlers from Angola and Mozambique displaced by the Reich's push into Africa. After being pushed from their old homes, they're not particularly keen to give up their new ones, whether to the natives or to their own government.
- Know When to Fold 'Em: One way to both placate Salazar and keep Iberia from being entangled in a potential quagmire with Italy is to give Iberian Algeria near-complete autonomy, which in practice translates to cutting off virtually all open support, apart from backroom deals and arms shipments. It also means, however, that Iberia would have no control over what happens there, whether or not it succeeds.
Territorio Militare Algerino (lit. Algerian Military Territory) is the Italian-occupied Eastern section of Algeria.
- The Mafia: Most Italian settlers in Algeria came from Sicily and have ties to old mafia families, seeing Algeria to be far from the watching eye of the authorities in Rome. Many rumours circulate about the true extent of Giuseppe Castellano's relationships with the mafia.
- We ARE Struggling Together: There are some tensions between the more "established" Pied-Noirs (descendants of French colonists) and the more recent Italian settlers.
- Reassigned to Antarctica: Castellano's lofty ambitions were cut short when Galeazzo Ciano tasked him with watching over Algeria, a lawless backwater corner of the Italian Empire.
- Puppet King: In the aftermath of the Triumvirate's collapse, if Iberia and Italy decide to defuse the Algerian crisis by turning Algeria into an Italian-Iberian condominium, Messali Hadj becomes its nominal head.
- The Quisling: Boualam has always opposed Algerian independence and preferred European rule, previously under the French and now under the Italians. He can potentially lead the Algerian Union, a puppet state of Italy.
- Civil War: The Kingdom of Egypt can collapse into three separate civil wars; a three-sided civil war in Egypt proper between Nasser's revolutioanries, Qutb's Islamists, and the government, a three-sided civil war in Sudan between Ba'athists, Republicans, and the Sudan Defense Force, and a two-sided civil war in South Sudan between the Anyanya and the Azania Liberation Front.
- Gratuitous Italian: Due to its status as a client state of Italy, the Kingdom of Egypt uses its Italian name in TNO.
King Farouk was once a young man enthusiastic about modernizing his country, but the days have passed, and now the only thing Farouk is enthusiastic about is living every day like a party. Farouk had totally removed himself from the political responsibilities of the Kingdom, and spends his days traveling and partying, making every moment a wild one. His habits made him a massive sinkhole for the Egyptian treasury, as he spends vast sums of money on luxuries while the economy still struggles to develop. Farouk might not be actively malicious, but he does want to ignore the stresses of politics and stay happy, and his behavior is definitely not a sustainable one.
- The Hedonist: Farouk does not have any interest in ruling the country and instead desires to spend his entire life in the most luxurious pleasures. Gameplay-wise, his entire focus tree consists only of him having fun around the world, not actually managing political, military and economic affairs.
- Ironic Death: Farouk dies doing what he loves the most, the way he lived, spending his day in one of his luxurious parties and choking on his favorite food. In reality, he was poisoned by SS agents on Himmler's orders in order to destabilize the Italian sphere.
- We Hardly Knew Ye: Soon after the game begins, Farouk dies during one of his parties, leaving the Egyptian monarchy in crisis.
- A Child Shall Lead Them: Fuad is only a teen when his father dies, leaving him as the successor to the Egyptian throne. This causes a need for a regent, leaving to the Italian government a choice between Egyptian damat prince Muhammed Abdel Moneim or Italian royal Adalberto, or even providing Italy an excuse to disband the Egyptian monarchy altogether and arrange a committee for a transition to a republic.
Muhammed Abdel Moneim
Adalberto di Savoia-Genova
- The Fundamentalist: Not too far away from the real Qutb, he leads the Egyptian Islamist opposition to the Kingdom.
Italian East Africa
After Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia, Italian East Africa was to be the crown jewel of the Italian empire. It has instead proven to be a financial burden, being underfunded and failing to turn a profit. At the start of the 1960s, it is ruled by Viceroy Amedeo, whose positive reforms are amongst the few achievements in the colony's history, granting the natives a higher standard of living than German Africa. However, Italian East Africa is still a colonial occupation, and the rebellious natives pose a serious problem to the Italian rule. More than that, the Viceroy is a very sick man, and his succession might provide an opportunity for ambitious men to try and turn around the colony's financial status...
- Balkanize Me: Like so many other places in TNO, Italian East Africa can collapse into a large amount of countries.
Amedeo di Savoia-Aosta
Amedeo di Savoia-Aosta, the Iron Duke, the Hero of Amba Alagi, was the duke of Aosta, member of the House of Savoy, and the Viceroy and Governor-General of Italian East Africa. Appointed to his position in 1937, Amedeo took a conciliatory approach to the natives in contrast to his more brutal predecessors. Under Amedeo's rule, Italian East Africa was relatively stable compared to German Africa, but native resistance was still a massive headache. By 1962, Amedeo had grown old and sick, and had yet to name his successor. He sometimes wonders if his work might have been all in vain.
- Internal Reformist: Amedeo was critical of fascism (which made Galeazzo Ciano sympathize with him), and did a lot of positive reforms and improved the current state of Italian East Africa. He can push for one last bit of reform before his death by removing corruption and disbanding the brutal colonial blackshirts.
- There's No Place Like Home: After staying in Africa for so long, Amedeo is homesick. One of the three paths he can take for his short focus tree (the other two being cracking down on the Ethiopian rebellion and pushing out one last bit of reform) is to just travel back to Italy for one last time.
- We Hardly Knew Ye: He is very sick and will die within one year from the game's start.
- Allohistorical Allusion: Correntia, at least name-wise, mirrors the real-life Rhodesia, being named after a colony founder.
- Egopolis: Correntia is named after Cesare Correnti, an Italian revolutionary of the XIX century and founder of the first Italian settlement in Somaliland.
- We ARE Struggling Together: It is said that the only reason David Lansana is still in power is that the opposition to his rule isn't unified in a common front.
- Military Coup: Lansana came into power by having the army marching on the capital four days after a party opposed to his clique won in the country's first election.
- President for Life: In Liberia, nobody challenges Tubman. Any who dare to do so are either too weak to command the opposition vote, corrupt enough to receive gifts from Tubman's administration and coincidentally end their run, or die in unfortunate accidents if they refuse.
The remnants of Charles de Gaulle's French government-in-exile, desperately holding on to their last bit of territory in Côte d'Ivoire.
- Back from the Brink: By 1962, Free France is an Apartheid state with no navy, a very small army, conscription problems, low population, no allies, and is desperately holding onto a tiny strip of land in Côte d'Ivoire, which is little more than target practice for Luftwaffe bombers. Only when the terror bombing stops can they begin to even think of expanding their territory; coming back home and overthrowing the Vichy regime are a monumental task, to put it lightly. There is a reason Free France is considered the hardest country in the game (not including those that are deliberately designed to fail).
- Deal with the Devil: To bolster its position, Free France could invite Japanese investment and aid. This would also lead to it becoming little more than an extended apparatus of the Co-Prosperity Sphere.
- Government in Exile: Free France is the remnant of the French government led by Charles de Gaulle exiled during World War II, a good 20 years prior to the start of the game.
- Private Military Contractors: Most Free French generals spend their time working as mercenaries for other West African nations and even Germany's RK Zentralafrika.
- Vestigial Empire: An extreme example; Free France was exiled from metropolitan France to North Africa, then terror bombed to the point where all they have left is a tiny piece of territory on the coast of West Africa and the Kerguelen Islands in the Southern Ocean (appropriately nicknamed the Desolation Islands).
- Determinator: Throughout the years, de Gaulle's conviction for la Libération has never diminished. Every day, he makes his radio addresses and inspects the troops, seemingly convinced that it will be part of the start of their journey home. He never gives up on France, and he won't till death claims him.
A young democratic republic formed from a fusion of British Gold Coast and French Togoland.
Komla Agbeli Gbedemah
- Military Coup: The Gbe people were treated as second class citizens in the Republic of Dahomey, so they launched a bloodless military coup.
- Reluctant Ruler: Babangida reluctantly accepted the position of the President after the coup, as esteemed general Christophe Soglo, who is expected to lead the new country, refused the position.
- Richard Nixon the Used Car Salesman: Ibrahim Babangida in real life was a Nigerian statesman and military general. In TNO, he somehow ended up as a statesman and general in an analogue of Benin. Related to this, he's born and raised in the middle of Nigeria in OTL, but he's said to have grown up in the Republic of Dahomey in TNO.
- Young and in Charge: Babangida became President of Gbeland in 1961, at just 20 years old.
A Yoruba nation that seceded from the Cameroon African State.
- Occupiers Out of Our Country: The Yoruba people (and many other West African people) saw the Cameroon pan-Africanists as foreign occupiers, and managed to expel them from their lands.
Moustapha Ould Mohamed Saleck
- Military Coup: Saleck came to power by plotting with the military, asking Moktar Ould Daddah to step down from the leadership of the Mauritanian People's Movement with a gun to his back, and reorganising it into the Military Committee for National Recovery, a group of generals dedicated to the formation of the true Mauritanian nation.
- The Federation: Azawad is a confederation of numerous Tuareg tribes across the Sahel, all united under Intalla ag Attaher's leadership.
Intalla ag Attaher
- The Good King: Intalla upholds stability, freedom, and total independence from those who wish to subjugate the Tuareg people again.
- Internal Reformist: Keïta constantly pushes for progressive reforms to maintain Mali, making him unpopular among the conservative militias.
- Rebel Leader: Keïta united many across Mali in the quest for Mali's freedom and prosperity against the French Third Republic and later Free France, before the Luftwaffe bombings pushed the French to Ivory Coast.
- 0% Approval Rating: It is noted in his bio that the people of Zarmaland hate him, and his deputies hate him even more.
- Full-Circle Revolution: Promising centralisation, change and an end to the old ways and systems, Habré became the face of the Kanem Revolution. When the revolution succeeded, Habré turned out to be a dictator no better than the sultans before him, and the people of Kanem are slowly beginning to regret their choice.
- Young and in Charge: Habré was born in 1942, making him only 20 when the game starts and is possibly the youngest leader in the world of TNO at the start of the game, younger than Valery Sablin in Buryatia or Gutrum Vagner in the Aryan Brotherhood.