Main Character Index Superpowers: Großgermanisches Reich (Göring's Germany | Heydrich's Germany) | The United States of America | Dai-Nippon Teikoku Major Powers: Regno d'Italia | Iberian Union | Republic of Turkey | Ordensstaat Burgund Other Countries By Region: Africa (West Africa | Southern Africa | Post-Colonial Central Africa) | Asia and Oceania (South Asia | Middle East | Central Asia) | Europe (British Isles | French State | Eastern Europe | Reichskommissariat Moskowien) | North America | South America (United States of Brazil | Argentine Republic) The Russian Anarchy: West Russia (Komi Republic | Taboritsky's Russia) | Southern Urals | Western Siberia | Central Siberia | The Far East Miscellaneous: Antarctica | Miscellaneous Countries
- Allohistorical Allusion: The plight of the Pied-Noirs has echoes of Rhodesia.
- Authority in Name Only: Although they officially control the entirety of Algeria, the French government really only controls the coastal cities, as the rest of the country is plagued with FLN insurgents.
- Occupiers Out of Our Country: In addition to the FLN, the French administration also has to contend with the OASA's growing clout, and by extension, the Pied-Noirs. Despite being of largely French descent, they also have no real love for their ancestral motherland.
- Plot-Triggering Death: Bouzid Saâl was a powerless Muslim scout who was killed during a protest against the French administration before the game's start, but his death was the spark behind future native uprisings against the French and pressured the civilian government into ceding more power to the OASA to suppress the partisans. All of these factors end up contributing to the Algerian War, which ultimately determines the fate of the entire country.
- The Remnant: Algeria is the last piece of colonial territory still owned by the French State, having lost the rest from either Germany or Free France.
- Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: The French Algerian government sees the OASA as both an asset and a liability, a thorn on their side that must be taken into account when making decisions.
- Western Terrorists: The Organisation armée secrète de l'Algérie consists of radical Pied-Noirs who commit acts of terror on natives and POWs.
Alain de Sérigny
- Contempt Crossfire: De Sérigny is disliked by both the French OASA and the native Algerians, as the former thinks that he's too passive to secure Algeria from the FLN, while the latter hate him for the atrocities committed under his administration.
- Deal with the Devil: If the Iberians/Fascist Italy win the Algerian War, he becomes a flagrant collaborator to the victor, out of necessity. Given how there aren't enough Pied-Noirs to properly maintain order, and that even the most ardent native supporters have shunned the regime, he has little other choice than to follow whatever Madrid/Rome says.
- Puppet King: De Sérigny is nominally in charge of Algeria, but due to the French State's lack of resources, he has to extensively rely on the OASA to suppress the Algerians and maintain his rule. By 1962, the OASA has grown too powerful and Sérigny can't even leash them anymore. Even if Sérigny is put back into power after an Iberian/Fascist Italian victory in the Algerian War, he's forced to heavily rely on them for military support against native raids.
- The Quisling: De Sérigny is a vocal supporter of the pro-German Vichy government in France.
- Won the War, Lost the Peace: If Iberia/Fascist Italy wins the Algerian War, de Sérigny's regime loses even more legitimacy in the eyes of natives, including former supporters, while the Pied-Noirs are forced to become dependent on their benefactors and Iberian/Italian dictats.
- Dragon-in-Chief: To counter the growing threat of Algerian partisans, French Algeria gave up more power to Susini in the hopes that he would suppress them. However, this ended up empowering Susini too much, to the point that he successfully lays a coup against the civilian government during the Algerian War.
- Evil Colonialist: Susini is determined to maintain French dominance in Algeria no matter the cost in lives, and his methods of pacification are deemed extreme by even other Pied-Noirs.
- The Friend Nobody Likes: Most of the French civilian administrators despise Susini and the OASA, as his acts of terror against the Algerian people make the colonial government even more unpopular, yet Susini wields too much authority for anyone to dispose of him.
- Won the War, Lost the Peace: If Susini and the OASA win the Algerian War, but the situation for them only grows grimmer after their victory, as the Algerians grows increasingly agitated for independence, the army becomes heavily factionalized, and more settler families flee the country to escape its economic stagnation.
- Conflicting Loyalties: If the Iberians emerge victorious in the Algerian War, they'll return the country back to the Pier-Noirs settlers. Although they are nominally a part of the French State, many of these settlers have to also remain loyal to the Iberians, whom are free to make demands from them, like import quotas.
- Invading Refugees: Downplayed. Iberian colonists, implied to be Portuguese settlers displaced from Angola and Mozambique, waste no time spreading along Algeria's western borderlands. The regime in Algiers can do nothing to stop them.
Federico Gómez de Salazar
- My Country, Right or Wrong: Salazar is slavishly devoted to Iberia and will satisfy whatever orders he receives to the letter.
Alain de Sérigny
See his entry in the French Algeria folder.
- Pragmatic Villainy: The Italians participate in the Algerian War to restore peace in the region and (if democratic) grant independence back to Algeria, but this is primarily motivated by their desire to set up another Italian-friendly state and their fears that a prolonged conflict in the region would cause refugees to spill into their other colonial territory and strain their already-tenuous control over them.
- A Father to His Men: Invrea's ability to speak Arabic and decision to bless his flag by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem has earned the respect of the Muslim soldiers he leads,
- Old Soldier: Invrea has participated in a number of conflicts throughout Africa and the Middle East, which will be useful when commanding a war in the rough terrain of Algeria.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: Invrea is willing to cooperate with all sides in the Algerian War to ensure that the conflict doesn't get too chaotic and harm Italian interests.
- Enemy Mine: The FLN is a myriad coalition of different political parties that are usually opposed to each other, but have since united in their opposition to the French. If the Italians are democratic instead of Fascist, they will be willing to work with them to establish an independent Algeria aligned with Italy.
- Occupiers Out of Our Country: Tired of witnessing their country being exploited for European interests, the native Algerians will rise up during the Algerian War, ready to fight for their interests.
- Quantity vs. Quality: Many Algerians have flocked to join the independence movement, but many are untrained foot soldiers who lack organizational tactics.
- Won the War, Lost the Peace: If the native Algerians win their independence, a schism begins to develop Houari Boumédiene and Ahmed Ben Bella, in which it's only a matter of time before they come to blows over who gets to lead Algeria.
- Rebel Leader: With most of the FLN command being arrested by the colonial authorities, Benkhedda has ascended to lead the Algerian independence movement, something which he can achieve if he wins the Algerian War.
- Meet the New Boss: During World War II, the Tunisians overthrew their French colonial overlords, only for Axis troops to storm their country and implement an even more repressive system over their country.
- Puppet State: Tunisia is a puppet state under Italy's control that is independent in name only.
- Settling the Frontier: Although colonial policies are currently suspended due to lack of funds, Tunisia attracts many unemployed Italians, and is 25% Italian at game start.
- Broken Pedestal: He was initially considered a national hero for breaking away from France, but this reputation has since been tarnished with his collaboration with the Italians.
- The Quisling: Muhammad VIII serves as Italy's regent over Tunisia, since attempts to incorporate it into Libya have failed. However, Muhammad VIII wishes to break free from his Italian overlords, planning to achieve this goal through peaceful negotiation.
- Reluctant Ruler: Muhammad VIII didn't have much of a choice in taking the throne of Tunisia. He longs for Tunisia's independence, but must be cautious by working with the Italian authorities in order not to cause more harm to his country.
- Civil War: The Kingdom of Egypt can collapse into three separate civil wars in Egypt proper, Sudan and South Sudan.
- Gratuitous Italian: Due to its status as a client state of Italy, the Kingdom of Egypt uses its Italian name in TNO.
- Occupiers Out of Our Country: The Italian occupation of Egypt, remembered as "Emergenza", following World War II was met with heavy resistance and protest by the citizenry. When the Italians return following Farouk's death, similar revolts break out for the same reasons.
- Puppet State: After defeating the British in the North African Front of World War II, Italy turned Egypt into one of their many client states.
King Farouk was once a young man enthusiastic about modernizing his country, but the days have passed, and now the only thing Farouk is enthusiastic about is living every day like a party. Farouk had totally removed himself from the political responsibilities of the Kingdom, and spends his days traveling and partying, making every moment a wild one. His habits made him a massive sinkhole for the Egyptian treasury, as he spends vast sums of money on luxuries while the economy still struggles to develop. Farouk might not be actively malicious, but he does want to ignore the stresses of politics and stay happy, and his behavior is definitely not a sustainable one.
- Contempt Crossfire: Farouk is just used by the Italians as a figurehead to control Egypt and his former support base has turned on him for failing to reform the country in any capacity.
- Freudian Excuse: Being exploited as a puppet ruler to various foreign powers for nearly his entire life has disillusioned Farouk and turned him from a liberal reformer to the hedonist he is at the game's start.
- The Hedonist: Farouk does not have any interest in ruling the country and instead desires to spend his entire life in the most luxurious pleasures.
- Plot-Triggering Death: His passing leaves a power vacuum that the Italians try to fill by sending their troops in. Still displeased by the harsh Italian occupation during the "Emergenza" and the excesses of the nobility, the mourners clash with the soldiers, demanding the immediate withdrawal of all Italian forces in the country. This political crisis weakens the Wafd Party's hold over Egypt and sparks the political discourse between the Wafd, Free Officers Movement, and the Muslim Brotherhood.
- Puppet King: Overruled by the British and now the Italians, Farouk I has never held real power in his life and it's taken a toll on his morale.
- Royals Who Actually Do Something: Subverted. When he was crowned, Farouk had very liberal ambitions before the British stripped him of all his authority and he's since become a puppet to the Italian overlords who truly run the country.
- We Hardly Knew Ye: Soon after the game begins, Farouk dies during one of his parties, leaving the Egyptian monarchy in crisis.
- Young and in Charge: He was just 16 years old when his father passed away and crowned king in his place.
- Screw This, I'm Outta Here: In the aftermath of Farouk's passing, many expected that El-Nahas would side with the protestors, begin reforming the country, and restore order back to the country. Instead, he announces his complete retirement from politics and leaves his office in shame.
- Taking Up the Mantle: El-Nahas took the reins of the Wafd party after his predecessor Saad Zaghloul passed in 1927.
- Internal Reformist: In his victory speech, Serragedine promises to continue the Five-Year Plan for development and uphold the Wafd's national liberal ideals. The chances of him actually satisfying those goals will depend on if he can fix the oligarchical structure within the Wafd and alleviate the pseudo-feudal conditions afflicting Egypt.
- Playing Both Sides: Serrageddine's career has been very inconsistent, whether he indulges in the corrupt Egyptian aristocracy or appeals to the common folk via populist tactics. If he becomes prime minister, Serragedine will have to commit to either agenda.
- Taking Up the Mantle: Serragedine takes over the Wafd party after his mentor El-Nahas retires in disgrace.
- Cincinnatus: Naguib promises to return to a civilian government after all of Egypt's political corruption has been dealt with, though only time will tell if he lives up to that promise.
- The Coup: In the political crisis after Farouk's death and El-Nahas' retirement, Naguib and the Free Officers Movement can march onto Cairo and seize power forcefully. With their heavy focus on reforming Egypt's corruption and poverty, the coup is met with jubilant cheers by the people.
- My Greatest Failure: When British tanks forced the Egyptian monarchy to form a government with the Wafd party, Naguib has carried the emotional burden of failing to protect his king. When the Italians invaded Egypt, Naguib initially welcomed them as liberators who would avenge the Abdeen Palace incident, but his hopes quickly soured when the Italians subjected them to the same oppression.
- Puppet King: Despite nominally being at the head of the Free Officers Movement, many suspect that he's just a figurehead for the subordinates below him.
- Dark Horse Victory: Against all odds, Al-Hudaybi can become prime minister of Egypt in opposition to the dominant Wafd party.
- Internal Reformist: Al-Hudaybi is a progressive preacher who will strive to democratize Egypt under Islamic law.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: Despite facing opposition from religious fanatics in his party and secular opponents elsewhere, Al-Hudaybi has refused to carry out vigilante violence or authoritarian means to achieve his goals, believing that peaceful reform will be more fruitful in the long-term.
- The Theocracy: Al-Hudaybi preaches for a government that will reform Egypt into a democratic nation, while simultaneously following the egalitarian values outlined in the Quran and Sharia.
After years of rule under the regency council, and fed up with Italian domination, a group of military officers rise under the leadership of Gamal Abdel Nasser. Their goal is to establish a free Egyptian government under a socialist Pan-Arab republic.
- The Coup: Inspired by the revolt in Yemen, the Nasserists will launch their own revolution in Egypt, attempting a failed coup against the monarchy and being forced to engage in a civil war instead.
- Enemy Mine: During the Egyptian Civil War, the socialist Egyptian Revolutionary Command Council will receive aid from Nazi Germany to subvert Italian influence over the country.
- Occupiers Out of Our Country: Their main goal is to overthrow the pro-Italy government of Egypt and create an independent state instead.
- Allohistorical Allusion: Just as in OTL, Nasser will launch a revolution against an Egyptian government that he perceives to be serving European interests and can potentially succeed.
- A Father to His Men: Nasser commands a lot of respect and support from the Egyptian military, which rapidly becomes an asset once the civil war occurs.
- Patriotic Fervor: Nasser espouses anti-Italian and anti-colonial sentiment in favor of a pan-Arabic national identity.
- The Coup: Once the monarchy and Nasser begin fighting each other, the Brotherhood will attempt their own failed coup to take over Egypt themselves.
- Dark Horse Victory: If the Brotherhood wins the Egyptian Civil War, many observers will remark suprise at this outcome.
- Let No Crisis Go to Waste: Shortly after Nasser rebels against the Egyptian monarchy, the Muslim Brotherhood will attempt to coup the monarchy too, which goes poorly anyway and forcing them to enter the civil war as a third faction.
- The Theocracy: The Muslim Brotherhood's goal is to establish an Islamic Caliphate under Sharia law.
- The Fundamentalist: Not too far away from the real Qutb, he leads the Egyptian Islamist opposition to the Kingdom.
- Proxy War: The Republic of Sudan is the faction supported by the OFN during the Sudan civil war.
- The Republic: Out of the three groups fighting for control over Sudan, the Republic of Sudan's leaders are the only ones who want to form a truly democratic Sudan.
- Only Sane Man: al-Azhari truly believes in creating a democratic and secular Sudan, where all ethnic and religious groups can peacefully coexist.
- Proxy War: The Sudan Defence Force is supported by Japan in the Sudan civil war.
- Proxy War: Germany supports the Sudanese Free Officers Organization in the Sudan Civil War.
- Undying Loyalty: If victorious in the civil war, they will always join the United Arab Republic.
- Occupiers Out of Our Country: The Azania Liberation Front seeks independence from the Kingdom of Egypt to establish their own big tent democratic government.
Italian East Africa
- The Assimilator: Most duces will try to assimilate the natives, one way or the other: forcing Italian education upon them, or using propaganda and fear to turn them into obedient, pliant citizens for a new kind of colonialism, or even more, wildly-different methods of ensuring the same result - that East Africa remains Italian, now and forevermore, with freedom and self-determination finally sent into the dustbin of history, forever and ever.
- Balkanize Me: Like so many other places in TNO, Italian East Africa can collapse into a large amount of countries.
- Les Collaborateurs: Many ethnic groups in Italian East Africa enjoy special privileges for collaborating with the Italians. The Eritrean Ascari receive lands and pensions when their service ends, and some are even members of the local Fascist party. The Nuer people of southwestern Ethiopia enjoy a somewhat autonomous status for helping Italy during the invasion of British Sudan in the second world war.
- Divide and Conquer: Although ethnic relations between groups in Italian East Africa are already strained from before the Italians arrived, they have only made this worse. They often pit ethnic groups against each other, such as favouring the Nuer people over the Anuak and limiting education and other privileges to local Ascari.
- Failure Is the Only Option: The Africa Orientale Italiana is so unstable that it's impossible to prevent its inevitable collapse.
- Foreign Ruling Class: As the name of the colony suggests, the Italian settlers rule over the natives of East Africa.
- Half-Breed Discrimination: Interracial miscegenation exists in low numbers between the Italian soldiers and either prostitutes or "madame,"note but is seen as distasteful.
- Know When to Fold 'Em: Even Italo Balbo is forced to concede that keeping all of the Africa Orientale Italiana is untenable in the long run.
- Lesser of Two Evils: Some ethnic groups in southern Ethiopia view Italian colonialism as a better alternative to the oppression they suffered under the Ethiopian empire, even viewing it as a happy period in OTL.
- Penal Colony: Many dissidents in Italy and minorities such as the Roma people often find themselves sent on a one-way trip to penal colonies in East Africa.
- Please Select New City Name: Many towns in Italian East Africa have been given Italian names.note
- Prospector: Many Italians have migrated to Eritrea due to the gold mines in the colony.
- Reassigned to Antarctica: Duce Ciano mostly uses the colonial bureaucracy to get rid of troublesome individuals, so it is, as of 1962, a den of corruption, nepotism, cronyism, and disloyalty.
- La Résistance: At game start the mountainous north of Ethiopia is under partisan control, and in pacified areas such as Eritrea rebels are a slight concern.
- Settling the Frontier: After decades of colonial rule, many settlers have established themselves in parts of Italian East Africa. In some areas, notably Eritrea, it's reached the point wherein they almost comprise half the population, and depending on who's in charge, Italians can potentially wind up becoming the majority.
Amedeo di Savoia-Aosta
Amedeo di Savoia-Aosta, the Iron Duke, the Hero of Amba Alagi, was the duke of Aosta, a member of the House of Savoy, and the Viceroy and Governor-General of Italian East Africa.
- Internal Reformist: Amedeo was critical of fascism (which made Galeazzo Ciano sympathize with him), and did a lot of positive reforms and improved the current state of Italian East Africa. He can push for one last bit of reform before his death by removing corruption and disbanding the brutal colonial blackshirts.
- There's No Place Like Home: After staying in Africa for so long, Amedeo is homesick.
- We Hardly Knew Ye: He is very sick and will die within one year from the game's start.
East African Collapse
- But Not Too Foreign: Depending on the policies implemented prior to the East African Collapse, an independent Eritrea can wind up having either a large Italian minority or even a majority European population.
- We ARE Struggling Together: Subverted. Even though they are ruled by the same colony, the native Eritreans despise their Ethiopian neighbors, believing that Italy is ignoring their own interests in favor of the Ethiopians. This means Eritrea is even willing to collaborate with the Italians
Hamid Idris Awate
- Civil War: After the East African Collapse, the Oromo Liberation Front will fight for control of Ethiopia against the Ethiopian government.
- Civil War: As the Italian colony over East Africa balkanizes, Ethiopia will fight for control of their former borders with the Oromo Liberation Front.