The Iberian nations of Spain and Portugal remained neutral during the Second World War, but repeated German aggression after the war (in the form of their seizure of Portuguese Africa and the creation of Atlantropa) quickly antagonized the two nations against Germany. The strongmen rulers of Iberia, Francisco Franco and António de Oliveira Salazar, decided to sign a defensive pact to form the Iberian Union, which quickly evolved and eventually united the two nations into a single one.
Iberia went on to form the Triumvirate with Italy and Turkey, who all saw Germany as a threat. However, with Germany's fall, the German threat was greatly diminished, and the Triumvirate began to divide. Far worse than that, however, Iberia's own divisions began to surface. The union of the twin Caudillos resulted not in unity, but disunity. Ethnic tensions intensified, political divisions worsened, and nearly every aspect of the Union's politics, military, and society became increasingly fractured by the day. It remains to see whether the Union comes out of the crisis united, or divided.
- Balkanize Me: Iberia can break up in several ways.
- The simplest is for Spain and Portugal to simply divorce peacefully. However, Iberia can also collapse into civil war, with multiple Spanish and Portuguese states popping up, as well as several minorities breaking free as well. If things get crazy enough, even the splinter states can break up and fight each other! The Iberian Civil War also isn't fought to the death, and can end up with Spain's various autonomous regions becoming independent countries. Oh, and their colonies (Morocco, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé) all declare independence too.
- If Iberia gets invaded and conquered by Hermann Göring's Germany, its territory will be divided into six Reichskommissariate: Portugal, Galizien, Baskenland, Kastilien, Andalusien and Katalonien (plus RK Marrakesch in Morocco).
- If the Government of National Salvation conquers Spain, they will annex Galicia directly into Portugal and chop up the rest of Spain into three military Governorates.
- Barrier Maiden: As the managers of the Gibraltar Dam after the German withdrawal, Iberia is responsible for the fate of millions of lives across the Mediterranean.
- Civil War: One can happen to Iberia if the player isn't careful. Depending on how badly the civil war goes, Iberia can break up so catastrophically that even the splinter states collapse into their own civil wars.
- Do Well, but Not Perfect: On top of trying to balance the desires of various groups, there's also the dynamic between the Caudillos. Whether Franco or Salazar take prominence, letting either get too powerful can have unintended consequences.
- Earn Your Happy Ending: It's especially challenging to not only keep Iberia together but also ensure through reforms that it stays that way. One failure too many, though, can cause everything to fall apart very quickly.
- The Federation: With much effort and a bit of luck, the dysfunctional Iberian Union can be reformed into the Iberian Federation, a relatively democratic federation that represents Spain, Portugal and minorities equally.
- Loads and Loads of Characters: The Iberian Wars have a lot of factions.
- Iberian breakaway states: Galician Republic, Basque Republic, Republic of Catalonia, and even Asturian Workers' Battalions and Andalucía. Basque can get couped by socialists from ETA, while Catalonia can also have their own civil war with socialists, creating the Catalan Popular Front.
- (Second) Spanish Civil War: Spanish Authority (or Iberian Federal Government), Spanish Republic (which through coups can become the Kingdom of Spain and the Spanish Provisional Government), Falangist Spain (who can get couped by the Frente Azul), and the National Redemption Front.
- Portuguese Civil War: Portugal, Government of National Salvation, Portuguese Provisional Republic, and Portuguese People's Front.
- The Gibraltar Dam becomes the Gibraltar Dam Zone.
- North African breakaway states: Kingdom of Morocco and the Rif Republic. Trarza will also quickly join the war to liberate Mauritania.
- Mêlée à Trois: The balkanization and civil war aspects of the Iberian Wars can stack together to make a truly ridiculous amount of factions, all trying to kill each other.
- Multiple Endings: Iberia has a plethora of different endings, based on the Caudillos' handling of the Iberian Council, the aftermath of the death of Salazar, and Iberia's stability:
- If Iberia's stability reaches a critical level, the Basques will revolt, quickly causing the collapse of the Iberian government in the Iberian Wars.
- The Caudillos can agree to separate peacefully before that point, if Iberia's stability is low enough.
- If the Iberian Council is given legislative powers and reformism in the Council is sufficiently high after Salazar's death, then Franco and Caetano will step down as Caudillos, paving the way for the formation of the Iberian Federation, to be led by the Unión Nacional (UN, Authoritarian Democrats), Alianza Popular (AP, Conservative Democrats), Unión Republicana (UR, Liberal Democrats), or Partido Renovador Democrático (PRD, Market Liberals).
- If the UN are elected, they can be overthrown by Manuel Fraga and the Democratic Salvation Commission should the UN attempt to dissolve the Iberian Council.
- If the UR are elected, they can be the subject of an attempted coup should they anger the military too much.
- If the Iberian Council is given legislative powers and reformism in the Council is sufficiently low, the Caudillos can adopt a quasi-democratic system in which both serve as co-Presidents. How this ends depends on their level of authoritarianism:
- If authoritarianism is low, they will be the subject of a military coup led by Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado following an intensification of protests, who leads Iberia down the path of democracy in what is referred to as the Carnation Revolution.
- If authoritarianism is middling, the protests will die out, and upon Franco's death in 1974, António de Spínola will be appointed as President to take his place.
- If authoritarianism is high, the protests will reach a fever pitch and eventually spark the Iberian Wars.
- If the Iberian Council is relegated to an advisory function, upon Franco's death in 1974, Spain and Portugal will automatically divorce.
- Not-So-Omniscient Council of Bickering: The two Caudillos may not truly hate each other, but they constantly, constantly, constantly clash over matters of policy great and small, able to agree where there are problems to be solved but not on the correct method of solving them.
- Odd Friendship: Despite the rivalry between both Franco and Salazar themselves and their countries, and their many arguments over Iberian policy, Franco eventually comes to see Salazar as a friend, and weeps hard at his funeral. Some time after Salazar's death, Franco makes a last examination of the chessboard they played on, sets it on Salazar's preferred table, and decides to never use the board again, so its memories would remain untainted.
- Opportunistic Bastard: During WWII, Spain invaded and took over some French colonies as France collapsed, creating the weirdly-shaped Iberian colony in Gabon and Iberian Mauritania, and the Iberian part of Algeria. Spain also seized the formerly British Gibraltar.
- "Rashomon"-Style: Franco and Salazar's conflicts manifest themselves by conflicting descriptions in each leader's bios: Franco's bio says that Salazar approached him to create the Iberian Union, while Salazar's bio says it was Franco who reached out to create the union. Salazar's bio also attests to Franco passing a "Law of Succession" that would reinstall a monarchy and absorb Portugal into Spain after both of them died, while Franco's bio says that Salazar made up the law. If the Iberian Union collapses, Salazar's bio blames it on Franco's failure to deal with the Basque revolt, while Franco's blames Salazar for his incompetency in aiding Franco and later for his flight to Lisbon.
- Realpolitik: When the South African War kicks off, the Iberian Union can get a set of events that allow them to send volunteers to help South Africa.
- Rule of Drama: The creation of the Iberian Union has no real life basis, but the Iberian storylines wouldn't happen without it.
- Right Hand vs. Left Hand: While the twin Caudillos Franco and Salazar are officially equals who share power, in reality, both men want more influence than the other. This leads to lots of infighting, worsening the internal divisions in Iberia.
- Slobs vs. Snobs: Downplayed, since they are trying to make their national union work, but Franco and Salazar are not only the leaders of very different nations, but very different men; Franco the plain-spoken former soldier and fervent Catholic who fought in colonial wars and has the support of the army and the native peoples and Salazar the eloquent leader more at home in a business suit than a uniform who grew up among the settlers and wants to make an impression on the world.
- Unreliable Narrator: Franco's and Salazar's bios contradict each other, claiming that the other was responsible for the idea of forming the Iberian Union.
- Villain Team-Up: Franco and Salazar, dictators of Spain and Portugal respectively, joined together in the face of German aggression to form the Iberian Union, and rule as its twin Caudillos.
- We ARE Struggling Together: The Iberian Union was formed in response to a potential German invasion, which never happened. Without an external threat to unite against, the Spanish and Portuguese, not to mention the unruly minorities, have a very hard time cooperating.
- Western Terrorists: Iberia is filled to the brim with separatist forces like the Basque ETA or the Portuguese FSLP (Frente Socialista de Libertacao Portuguesa). If the government takes one bad turn, the ethnic tensions will literally and figuratively explode, causing large amounts of terrorist attacks that further increase ethnic tensions in the country.
- Disappeared Dad: Franco was never loved by his father, and tried to repress his slight after becoming Caudillo, yet another thing that set him apart from his Portuguese counterpart. Even after Salazar's death, his desire to be buried next to his parents unsettles Franco.
- Due to the Dead: Franco accompanies Salazar's funeral procession all the way from Madrid to the Portuguese Caudillo's hometown of Vimieiro, insisting on traveling on horseback for the entire journey.
- Evil Reactionary: Downplayed, but while Franco is A Lighter Shade of Black to Nazi Germany, he is also a deeply conservative man who pushes for Catholic values above all else. Even if he chooses focuses and policies that liberalize somewhat, events show that in private he still mocks feminism and other such movements.
- Heel Realization: Franco could wind up being the one who endorses Iberia's democratization, should he come to realize that his policies would undo everything he'd accomplished.
- Manly Tears: Franco will take Salazar's death hard and weep at his funeral.
- Ooh, Me Accent's Slipping: Franco's high-pitched Galician accent comes through as he concludes Salzar's eulogy, the emotion of the moment making him unable to maintain his practiced tones.
- Propaganda Machine: If Franco decides to make himself sole Caudillo of Iberia after Salazar's death, he'll task his propagandists with reminding the people of Franco's accomplishments, of his great campaign that saved Spain from the ills of foreign communism, of him standing up the German threat, against all odds of the all-powerful Nazi war machine. Every man, woman and child are to be bombarded with appraisals of the Caudillo, and trust in Franco is trust in the nation.
Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado
- Allohistorical Allusion: In real life, Gutiérrez played an important role in the transition of post-Francoist Spain into democracy. In TNO, he can launch a coup called the Carnation Revolution, which restores democracy in Iberia in the exact same way the real life Carnation Revolution restored democracy to Portugal.
- Cincinnatus: Provisional President Gutiérrez has no intention of becoming dictator, and vows to hold democratic elections when his job is done.
- Military Coup: As the post-Franco Iberian Council grows increasingly authoritarian and oppressive, and protests erupt across the peninsula, Gutiérrez leads the military to overthrow the government and gradually return democracy to Iberia.
Alberto Ullastres Calvo
- Benevolent Conspiracy: Opus Dei tries to be this within Iberia, its members and affiliates ostensibly presenting their ideas as being beneficial to the economy. Whether they make enough headway, however, depends on how stable the state is and who's in charge.
- Privately Owned Society: The free market reforms presented by economists linked to Opus Dei wind up creating a peculiar blend of hypercapitalism and theocracy.
Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel
- Heel Realization: Salazar's drive for reforms is partly derived from a realization that the status quo, and thus the integrity of the Iberian Union, would not outlive him for long.
- Hope Spot: Salazar's reforms are shown to be effective enough to help stabilize Iberia and even foster a genuine economic boom, especially should he emerge as the dominant Caudillo. Unfortunately, he dies not long after achieving this. Unless there are sufficient reforms beforehand, this quickly sparks a chain of events that undoes those efforts and leads to the Iberian Wars.
- Obstructive Bureaucrat: Salazar has built a reputation in the Iberian Union's ruling council for being incredibly obstructive, even by their standards.
- Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: If the Basques rise against the Iberian Union and Salazar thinks Franco isn't doing enough to curtail them, he'll flee from Madrid to Lisbon and declare Portugal's independence as well.
- Sincerity Mode: If trying to raise his profile among the Catholic Church, Salazar can sincerely talk about his own childhood desire to be a priest and win over many of them with his eloquence.
- Smart People Play Chess: Salazar was a university professor before he entered politics, and he eventually badgers Franco into playing a few games of chess with him.
- Unwitting Instigator of Doom: While his reforms and efforts do prove beneficial to Iberia, his death by 1968 can potentially destabilize the state, and if handled poorly could spark the Iberian Wars.
- Well-Intentioned Extremist: Salazar genuinely seems to believe that he's doing what he believes to be best for the Portuguese, and by extension, Iberia, no matter how questionable or autocratic.
- When All You Have Is a Hammer...: Salazar conducts himself as an academic, technocrat and pious Catholic. His rule as Caudillo works accordingly, for good and ill.
Marcelo das Neves Alves Caetano
- Allohistorical Allusion: Caetano succeeding Salazar following the latter's death can come off as very reminiscent of how he assumed power over the Estado Novo regime in OTL.
- The Purge: One of Caetano's first acts after succeeding Salazar is to kick out all of his predecessor's cronies, and the various other stooges and lackeys that made up the crux of the office.
António de Spínola
- Unexpected Successor: When Franco dies in 1974 after having created a quasi-democratic system with the Caudillos as Presidents, many expect Caetano to become the sole President of the Iberian Union at best and express doubts about Iberia's future at worse. Spinola intervenes and through some "surprise politics" is appointed as Franco's successor as co-President.
Spanish Civil War
The democratic faction in the Spanish Civil War.
- Ragtag Bunch of Misfits: The Republican movement has a wide range of supporters, from communists, socialists, democrats and monarchists.
- Rightful King Returns: Despite being initially declared as a republic, the faction actually includes a substantial number of constitutional monarchists, who are disillusioned with Francos refusal to restore the House of Bourbon. As such, the Republic may be reformed into a (still democratic) Kingdom after winning the war.
- Reluctant Retiree: If Iberia fails to transition to democracy, Fernández-Miranda, knowing that his political career was over, resigns from his position as Minister-Secretary of the Movimiento Nacional, returns to Asturias and buys a modest estate, where he would live out the rest of his life.
Jaime Milans del Bosch
- From Nobody to Nightmare: By 1962, Milans del Bosch is only a low-ranking military officer, but once the Basque uprising happens, he can quickly seize power and become the fascist dictator of Falangist Spain.
- Historical Villain Upgrade: In real life, Milans del Bosch was a Francoist general who participated in the 1981 Spanish coup d'état attempt, but he was never a Falangist at all.
- Military Coup: Milans del Bosch seizes power by launching a successful coup in Valladolid with his fellow junior officers.
A Catholic extremist faction led by Francoist statesman Carlos Arias Navarro. Arias, driven mad by the neverending Iberian Wars, founded the National Redemption Front with a clique of fanatical Catholics in an attempt to end the war through religious fanaticism. The NRF is extremely brutal and follows their own fundamentalist brand of Catholicism, and in the long run, desires the creation of the Kingdom of God on Iberia.
- Church Militant: The NRF is a group of radical Catholics that emerge out of the Iberian War, desiring to bring about the Kingdom of God on Earth.
- Crushing the Populace: The NRF brutally cleanses their territory to fully realize their fundamentalist Catholic Kingdom.
- Culture Police: As a part of their "sanitation" campaign, the NRF seeks to prohibit any secular music.
- Dark Is Evil: The National Redemption Front is by far the most evil of the Iberian War factions, and their flag comes with a pitch black background.
- Eviler Than Thou: The Front hates other far-right groups just as much as (if not more than) the rest of the factions in Iberia and will purge the Carlists as soon as they achieve power.
- The Fundamentalist: The NRF is made up of the most extreme Catholics in Iberia. They enforce their extreme branch of Catholicism through brutal repression and terror. They wage war with everybody as they do not believe in nations, only God and his servants.
- Kick the Son of a Bitch: One of the first actions the NRF does is to execute the Carlists and destroy monuments to the Francoist and other reactionary regimes for their part in the Thousand Years betrayal that turned Iberia away from God's light.
- Monumental Damage: The NRF is more than eager to burn down Iberian palaces to completely eradicate the memory of secular regimes.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: The name "National Redemption Front" sounds far scarier than the regional-political names of other Iberian War factions like "Portuguese People's Republic" or "Free Catalunya"; putting the word "Redemption" in your name is an easy hint that you are a very radical faction.
- Pretentious Latin Motto: The phrase written on their flag, Miserere Nobis, literally means "have mercy upon us", a phrase from Agnus Dei.
- The Purge: The whole "Enforce Sanitation" tree is dedicated to the purge of the old regime servants, the remnants of secular culture and any semblances of an actual state.
- The Theocracy: The National Redemption Front is a faction of fundamentalist Catholics who seek to turn Iberia into the Kingdom of God.
Carlos Arias Navarro
- Historical Villain Upgrade: Carlos Arias Navarro in real life was a hardline Francoist who sentenced thousands to death as part of the Francoist White Terror. However, here he straight up becomes an insane Catholic fundamentalist, the holy regent for the extremely brutal National Redemption Front.
- Sanity Slippage: Once, he was a simple Francoist statesman. However, after seeing the never-ending horror of the Iberian Wars, he loses all his faith in the old order and turns into a completely different person, seeking answers from no one but God himself.
An ultra-right renegade faction of the Falange desiring a German-modeled Spanish State, inspired by Spain's German volunteer division Divisíon Azul. They are led by José Luis de Arrese, whose soldiers revolt against Milans del Bosch if he fails to win the war for too long.
- Renegade Splinter Faction: The Frente Azul is an ultra-right paramilitary that splits off from the Falangists and adheres to orthodox German National Socialism.
Portuguese Civil War
- Allohistorical Allusion: The circumstances and political agenda behind the GNS are in many respects, a dark mirror of the Carnation Revolution that toppled the Estado Novo in OTL.
- Armies Are Evil: The GNS is the most militaristic faction among the Portuguese breakaways during the Iberian Wars, and is very much evil.
- Deadly Gas: Unlike the rest of Iberia, the GNS is not hesitant to use chemical weapons.
- Ironic Name: The GNS shares the same name (albeit as the National Salvation Junta) as the coup that brought down the Estado Novo in real life. Unlike OTL, however, the GNS has no intention of transitioning Portugal to democracy and seek to go even further than what Salazar could have endorsed.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: "Government of National Salvation" sounds a lot more ominous than the names of the other Portuguese factions in the civil war. It immediately hints at their belief that the rebirth of the Portuguese nation can only come through horrific violence.
- A Nazi by Any Other Name: The far-right militarist stratocracy of the Government of National Salvation, with its revanchism towards all of Portugal's enemies, are classified in-game as National Socialists.
- Renegade Splinter Faction: The Government of National Salvation appears during the Iberian Wars as a reaction towards the more sensible politicians of Portugal, who, in Arriaga's eyes, turned their back on Portugal and allowed its 500-year-old empire to be extinguished.
- Roaring Rampage of Revenge: The GNS wants every nation that wronged Portugal to pay back in blood.
- Secret Police: One GNS focus mentions the creation of the Flechas, the special forces unit in the Estado Novo's secret police PIDE in real life. Considering the fully militarized nature of the GNS, the Flechas will likely be even more brutal than in real life, possibly even becoming a full-fledged State Sec.
- Warhawk: The GNS, as a whole, consists of disgruntled radical Portuguese generals who wish militaristic vengeance on the enemies of Portugal—both those who tore away its colonial empire, and Spain, for forcing it into the Iberian Union.
Kaúlza de Arriaga
- Elite Army: Arriaga advocates for a new kind of elite army, whose members are trained to the max, equipped with the best, and fully dedicated to combat in both body and mind. He created the Commando Regiment as a test lab for his ideas.
- The Generalissimo: Arriaga is the hardline militarist leader of GNS's Portugal.
- General Ripper: Arriaga is an unrepentant and unrestrained warmonger towards his fellow Portuguese, Iberians and former colonial subjects alike. He was infamous in real life for the war crimes hiss men committed during the Portuguese colonial wars, as well as his involvement with far-right political groups and his fierce opposition to Portugal's post-Salazar governments. To put it mildly, Kaúlza is a deeply unsavory figure and easily one of the worst potential victors of the civil war (at least in Portugal specifically).
- Historical Villain Upgrade: Arriaga, a nationalist right-wing populist in real life, is a full-fledged National Socialist in TNO.
- Military Coup: Arriaga is displeased by the collapse of the Portuguese colonial empire and later the collapse of the Spanish/Iberian colonies. As such, he and his Commando Regiment marches on Lisbon and deposes the Portuguese government, in order to create a new one that in his eyes can save Portugal.
- Tyrant Takes the Helm: Arriaga's hypermilitaristic stratocracy makes Salazar's corporatist state look like a pleasant liberal republic.
- Defector from Decadence: The PPR is comprised of military officers and republicans who find the GNS beyond the pale.
- In Spite of a Nail: If they succeed, they essentially wind up sparking the OTL Carnation Revolution and Portugals proper transition to democracy.
Francisco da Costa Gomes
The socialist faction in the Portuguese Civil War led by Francisco Martins Rodrigues, who revolt against the Portuguese democrats.
Francisco Martins Rodrigues
Spanish Breakaway States
- Western Terrorists: The Basque separatist group ETA is a very significant driving force behind the ethnic tensions in Iberia, and caused a lot of trouble for the Iberian government. During the Iberian Wars, if the Basque government's war exhaustion gets too high, they can coup the government and institute their own socialist rule.
- Civil War: Independent Catalonia can quickly get swept up in a socialist revolution if the government fails to settle the left-wingers in the region.
- Out of the Frying Pan: The Catalan Popular Front might collapse again if nobody has real control over the country. While the outcome is said to be bad, the exact outcomes are currently not revealed.
- Unfriendly Fire: It's implied that the power struggle between the CNT-FAI and PCI will occur with one faction gunning down most members of the other during the chaos of the Civil War, as the Dev Diary says "The best time to ensure one or the other faction is triumphant is during the fighting, when nobody will notice just another dead body."
- We ARE Struggling Together: The Catalan Popular Front strives towards expanding its socialist revolution, but is internally divided between the CNT-FAI and the PCI. And then if the CNT-FAI beat out the PCI, the moderate CNT and the radical FAI will argue with each other (although only in political debates instead of with purges).
- Bomb-Throwing Anarchists: While the FAI aren't quite the "we're burning down all of society so we can piss on the ashes" variety of anarchists, they are highly radical in their positions. At best, this can lead to somewhat impractical moves, such as going fully anarchist in the government and economy while they're surrounded by Nazis and fascists, and at worst, purging all of the Catholic Church and former members of the old government. Of course, if the hint that the CNT being lenient to certain groups will end up with their betrayal, such as the AAS, Franco's secret police, this may justify the FAI's more radical policies in that regard.
- Chummy Commies: The CNT-FAI is significantly more democratic than the PCI.
- Dry Crusader: Both the CNT and FAI are against drugs and alcohol, with the FAI in particular viewing both as "a result of despair induced by capitalism and fascism". Downplayed in that neither side institutes a full-on ban of substances, with the most aggressive thing the FAI does being to strong-arm producers and consumers of alcohol—a "prohibition-without-law"—while the CNT will be more laissez-faire on the issue, believing that, with the alienating influence of fascism and capitalism already removed from society, the people who were driven to drink won't need it anymore, so there's no need to waste effort in ensuring what will be inevitable.
- Illegal Religion: The FAI wants to dismantle the Catholic Church in Catalunya completely. The CNT has a more realpolitik approach and instead simply restrains them to avoid alienating religious workers.
- People's Republic of Tyranny: While they certainly aren't as bad as Carrillo's "Free" Catalunya, some decisions that the FAI can take cross into this territory, such as completely outlawing the Catholic Church or purging former members of Franco's government.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: The CNT is more moderate and tolerant than the FAI, as it doesn't outright eliminate all enemies of the revolution so much as it restrains their political power, or even try turning them over to their side. Of course, in at least one case, the CNT's mercy may wind up biting them later on, specifically when it comes to the remnants of the AAS...
- Wide-Eyed Idealist: Both the CNT and FAI have this outlook, but in diametrically opposing ways. The FAI believe that a full-fledged anarchist society can be formed almost straight away, but doing so will, at best, lead to radical changes that aren't wholly practical, while at worst lead to entire groups being purged from society as "counter-revolutionary", from the Catholic church to former members of Franco's government. The CNT, whilst more moderate with structural changes, believe that most enemies of anarchism can be turned to their ideology (or at least have their influence stripped without wholesale purging them). While this method will prevent their revolution from becoming too bloody, there are hints such mercy will sometimes cause powerful political enemies left unchecked to strike back.
The leader of the PCI (Iberian Communist Party).
- Allohistorical Allusion: Free Catalunya led by Carrillo's PCI can develop the ideology of Autosuficiència (self-sustainability). This is an allusion to Juche of North Korean infamy.
- Dirty Communists: Compared to the CNT and the FAI, Carrillo believes in a socialist democracy of "One Man, One Vote" - Carrillo is that man, and whatever he says is that vote.
- Emergency Authority: The PCI can permanently rule with emergency powers by saying it's always a national emergency when capitalism and fascism still exists.
- Historical Villain Upgrade: Although Carrillo was the OTL leader of the Communist Party of Spain, and did take controversial actions during the original Spanish Civil War (such as being highly suspected of involvement in the Paracuellos Massacres), he would later distance himself from Stalinism and the USSR, and would even help Spain transfer peacefully to a democratic system in the 1970s. Here, the very best he can do is to offer some token reforms (such as elections with the PCI as the only legal party), and more often he simply creates a run-of-the-mill totalitarian regime under his absolute control, and he can go so far as to basically implement Spanish Juche.
- A Lighter Shade of Grey: Carrillo can open some limited elections, although only members of the PCI are allowed on the ballot. He may also reduce the re-education levels to "A Merciful Hand◊" (compared to "Truth Above All" or "The Conceptual Level") and instead of wholly nationalizing the industry, he may allow the worker unions to continue existing (although with heavy surveillance and strong-arming).
- Newspeak: One of Free Catalunya's radical re-education options◊ is called The Conceptual Level◊, which involves eradicating right-wing thought by altering the language itself.
- People's Republic of Tyranny: Catalunya led by the authoritarian socialist PCI is called "Free Catalunya", despite its general lack of freedoms. Free Catalunya is authoritarian socialist at best, and Autosuficiència at worst.
- Cincinnatus: Cunqueiro was nominated as leader of the Galician Republic due to his charisma and popularity among the people. However, he only acknowledges himself as a writer, not a politician, and expects to step down once the war is over.
- Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman: In real life, Cunqueiro was a writer and journalist who had little involvement with politics. In this timeline, he leads the Galician secessionist movement as the President of the Galician Republic.
- Puppet State: The Asturian Workers' Battalions is almost completely infiltrated with Burgundian spies, and its rank-and-file members are Unwitting Pawns of Burgundy, their actions serving Burgundy's goals of causing global chaos.
Horacio Fernández Inguanzo
- Great Escape: If the Iberian Wars last long enough, Fernández is freed by communist commandos from the maximum-security Cárcel Modelo de Oviedo, and subsequently riles the Asturian Workers' Battalions into rising against the Falangists.
Plácido Fernández Viagas
Fernando de Quintanilha
- First-Name Basis: Because his full name is too long (and his in-game shortened name is still a mouthful), Fernando de Quintanilha e Mendonça Dias is generally referred with his first name in-game.
- Once Done, Never Forgotten: When India invaded and annexed Goa, Fernando was blamed by the Iberian government and seen as a corrupt, weak commander. His subsequent attempts to atone by proposing numerous reforms only further tarnished his reputation among the navy and colonial authorities, as an admiral who cannot accept his failure and resign like a man.
- Opportunistic Bastard: Fernando used the Iberian Wars as an opportunity to make huge amounts of profit and forget about his past failures, as he seizes the Gibraltar Dam and collects toll from ships passing through it.
- Overly Long Name: Fernando's full name is Fernando de Quintanilha e Mendonça Dias; his in-game name is shortened to just Fernando de Quintanilha.
North African Breakaway States
The Kingdom of Morocco, led by the despotic king Hassan II, secedes during the start of the Iberian Wars.
- La Résistance: After the Kingdom of Morocco secedes from the Iberian Union, King Hassan II will annex Western Sahara and Mauritania, and his country will have to deal with these regions' native Tuareg resistance fighters.
- Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman: The real Choukri was an author. In TNO, he is the leader of the Rif Republic.