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Western Europe

    French State
Official Name: French State
Ruling Party: Parti National
Ideology: Fascism

The French State is the regime formed by Marshal Philippe Pétain's collaboration with Germany. By 1962, the French State is a failing state after years of subordination under Germany. The economy has crashed alongside Germany's, their colonies were partitioned or declared independence, their land was lost to Germany, Italy, Burgundy and Brittany, their military is restricted to being borderline non-existent, and their politics are a chaotic mess as well. Things are not looking good for France.

  • Authority in Name Only: Although the French State de jure controls all of Algeria, it effectively only controls the capital city of Algiers. The rest of Algeria is controlled by the Iberian and Italian militaries, who use the protection of their settler population as an excuse to continuously occupy Algeria.
  • Butt-Monkey: The past two decades have certainly not been kind to France. It lost the war against Germany, its economy and military were crippled by the Reich, the eastern part of the country was given to Germany, Italy and the SS, Brittany seceded without its approval, and it is still plagued with rebels and German red tape. When Burgundy inevitably comes knocking, France has no chance to resist, and it will be reduced further to only the southern third of metropolitan France.
  • Civil War:
    • If the French State's invasion of Brittany fails, what is left of France after the Franco-Burgundian war will fall into chaos as the resurgent Resistance and the Organisation Armée Secrète rise up against the government.
    • If Reinhard Heydrich wins the German Civil War and subsequently defeats Burgundy, the French State will have to fight the New French State (Nouvel État Français), led by the French SS-Charlemagne division which formerly collaborated with Burgundy, during the post-Heydrich collapse.
  • Les Collaborateurs: Metropolitan France is still ruled by the successors to Pétain's government, headed by Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour.
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: The French State stands no chance against the joint Burgundian-Breton invasion right after the beginning of the German Civil War. France is put under heavy military and industrial restrictions from Germany and has only a few weak militia squads to protect themselves, while Burgundy has one of the strongest armies in the world, second only to the world's superpowers. The developers have even said that it is functionally impossible to beat Burgundy (and Brittany) as France, because defeating Himmler so early would throw everything into whack and break the game.
  • Faction-Specific Endings: The French State is a political mess, and can adopt almost every ideology in the game.
  • Vestigial Empire: After World War II and the West Russian War, the French State lost large swathes of metropolitan France and all of their colonial empire except the city of Algiers. By 1962, France, once a mighty world power, is a borderline failed state, with a broken economy and no real army to speak of. Once Burgundy and Brittany invade, they lose even more of their territory, reducing them to southern metropolitan France.

Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour
Party: Parti National
Ideology: Fascism

  • Inadequate Inheritor: Tixier-Vignancour has none of the popularity of his predecessor Philippe Pétain that was the only thing that pulled the Vichy regime together. Since Pétain's death, the French populace's tolerance for fascism has rapidly dropped, and strikes across the country are commonplace.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: Tixier-Vignancour disappears right after France loses the Franco-Burgundian war, causing a political crisis in France.

Charles Huntziger
Party: Parti National
Ideology: Fascism

  • Short-Lived Leadership: Huntziger dies a few days after taking charge of France following Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour's disappearance.
  • We Hardly Knew Ye: Huntziger dies less than two years after game start, a few days following the end of the Franco-Burgundian war.

Pierre Poujade
Party: Parti National
Ideology: Fascism

  • Meet the New Boss: Poujade is perceived as the status quo candidate for President of France after Tixier-Vignancour's disappearance.

Pierre Sidos
Party: Parti Populaire Français
Ideology: National Socialism

  • Enemy Mine: Sidos is a Germanophile that advocates for closer ties with Germany against Burgundian aggression, even though many French citizens dislike the idea.

Antoine Pinay
Party: Parti National
Ideology: Fascism

  • Internal Reformist: Pinay leads the reformist wing of the Parti National. If elected President, he'll assemble an unstable coalition of reformists, united by their goal of reintroducing full democracy to France.

Jean Bichelonne
Party: Parti National
Ideology: Fascism

  • Emperor Scientist: An engineer by profession, Bichelonne is the leader of the technocratic wing of the Parti National.

Pierre Gaxotte
Party: Parti National
Ideology: Fascism

  • Short-Lived Leadership: As Gaxotte is a monarchist, if he wins the presidential election, he only temporarily takes charge of France before Prince Henry VI could return to the throne.

Henri VI d'Orléans

Ideology: Despotism

  • Rightful King Returns: Henri, great-great-grandson of King Louis Philippe I of France, will be crowned King Henry VI if the monarchist Pierre Gaxotte becomes President of the French State.
  • Try to Fit THAT on a Business Card!: During his meeting with Helmut Schmidt, the King is introduced as Henri VI, by the Grace of God, King of the French, Count of France, Most Christian Majesty.

    French Resistance 
Ideology: Libertarian Socialism

  • La Résistance: The Resistance has never stopped fighting the Vichy collaborationist regime since the fall of the Third Republic, and will eventually rise up against it if the French State's invasion of Brittany fails.

Henri Curiel
Ideology: Libertarian Socialism

Ideology: Fascism

  • Allohistorical Allusion: In real life, the Organisation Armée Secrète was the name of a dissident French paramilitary that carried out terrorist attacks on Algerians during the Algerian War of Independence.
  • Secret Police: The Organisation Armée Secrète is a secret police force that has dedicated itself to combatting the lingering Resistance.

    Republic of Brittany
Official Name: Republic of Brittany, State of Brittany (Lainé)
Ruling Party: Strollad Broadel Breizh - Moderate Wing
Ideology: Fascism

Breton nationalists had been actively collaborating with Germany since WWII, but their wishes for independence were not granted after the war, and Brittany remained part of the French State. When France was forcibly torn apart to create Burgundy, however, Olier Mordrel, founder of the Breton National Party, proposed to the Reich that an independent and loyal Brittany would be far more useful to the Reich than the ruined French State. Within weeks of Burgundy's formation, an international conference declared Brittany's independence, and France was not invited to it.

When the German economy crashed in the 50s, Brittany was dragged down with it. To keep Brittany afloat, Mordrel reluctantly decided to bypass German-American embargos and illegally import American goods. However, Brittany soon found out that selling their contraband to the starving people of the Reich was incredibly profitiable, and the Reich soon became reliant on its imports. The Breton Black Market expanded without bounds, and Brittany became the hole in the Reich's Iron Curtain, through which goods across the world flowed into Europe.

  • Arms Dealer: Arms Dealing make up one half of Brittany's Black Market operations, with Luxury trading being the other half.
  • Black Market:
    • Brittany has easily the largest black market in Europe, if not the whole world; the country in general is ran like a black market with its own territory and less like an actual republic.
    • If Lainé takes over, he will retool the Black Market into a more activly sinister operation resembling a syndicate: trafficking of contraband, drugs, and people is massively increased and directed towards Democratic and Socialist countries to both profit Brittany and corrupt them from the inside (non-contraband trade with these countries is also banned), and criminals in foreign countries are hired as "operatives" for Brittany's black market so the Bretons can keep their hands clean.
  • Let No Crisis Go to Waste: Just after Burgundy invades France, Brittany can follow suit and use the opportunity to grab as much territory from France as possible (the scripted peace deal has them seize bits of Western Normandie and Loire). The AI appears to always choose to go with the invasion, but the player can choose to not to; however, Brittany will still seize Western Normandie and Loire when the Franco-Burgundian War ends.
  • Only in It for the Money: Because most of Europe is under totalitarian and ineffective fascist dictatorships, Brittany smuggling foreign media and goods into Europe is actually improving the lives of the common people. They're not smuggling these goods mainly to benefit the people however, and their primary goal is still to make a profit and strengthen their own country.
  • Realpolitik: Brittany's Black Markets and smuggling activities are completely illegal, but they continue to expand their black market and commit illegal smuggling because these activities generate massive profits and greatly strengthen Brittany.
  • Unexpected Gameplay Change: Brittany has a unique Black Market gameplay (ran through the decisions panel) that is completely different from standard HOI4 gameplay and plays more like a management game; it involves expanding the Black Market into nations around the world and fulfilling demands by buying and selling weapons and luxuries so Brittany can maximize the profit.
  • We Used to Be Friends: Mordrel, Delaporte and Lainé, the original founders of Bezen Perrot and leaders of independent Brittany, used to be associates and allies. Now, as times for Brittany and Europe change, the Breton leaders distanced themselves and became opposed to each other.

Olier Mordrel
Party: Strollad Broadel Breizh - Moderate Wing
Ideology: Fascism

  • Better to Die than Be Killed: If Lainé successfully takes over Brittany, Mordrel kills himself before Lainé's men could reach him, presumably to deny his enemies the satisfaction of killing him.
  • One Nation Under Copyright: At the end of his tree, Mordrel turns Brittany into a corporation in all but name, led by a board of directors, with himself as CEO.
  • Only in It for the Money: Olier Mordrel represents the profit and power-focused path for Brittany, making deals that are both good and evil and playing the foreign powers of off each other so Brittany can come out with more money and power.

Raymond Delaporte
Party: Strollad ar Vro - Conservative Wing
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Internal Reformist: Raymond Delaporte wants to return to Enlightenment virtues, scale back the Bezen Perrot, and use the black market for good.
  • Start My Own: Wishing to bring democracy to Brittany, Delaporte left Olier Mordrel's Breton National Party to found his own Patriotic Party, consisting of democracy supporters across the country.

Célestin Lainé
Party: Strollad Broadel Breizh - Traditionalist Wing
Ideology: National Socialism

  • Bait-and-Switch: The focus "A New Alliance" in Lainé's BurgSys path states that Brittany will join Burgundy in an alliance, but what the focus actually does is that it causes Burgundy to invade and annex Brittany.
  • The Coup: In his path, Lainé, aiming to create a strong Brittany, launches a coup against Mordrel's government with his Bezen Perrot. Mordrel's ministers are all killed, Modrel himself is forced to commit suicide, while Delaporte is forced to flee to Ireland.
  • Forbidden Zone: "The Hermit Kingdom" ending for Lainé's National Socialist path has Lainé shut down Brittany's borders to preserve its Celtic ethnic purity and block out the degeneracies of the world.
  • Might Makes Right: "The Pariah State" ending for Lainé's National Socialist path sees Lainé embracing the foreign media's description of Brittany as a pariah state who sponsors immoral trafficking operations, seeing this as the proof of Brittany's power and the correctness of his decision to expand the Black Market.
  • Press X to Die: Going down Lainé's Burgundian System path ends with Burgundy invading Brittany, a war that Brittany has next to no chance at winning.
  • Properly Paranoid: In Lainé's National Socialist path, he correctly recognizes that Burgundy is a threat to Brittany's independence, and distances himself away from them and constructs fortifications along their border.
  • State Sec: During World War II, Lainé founded the Bezen Perrot, an SS-affiliated militia group. After the war, he was inspired by the military power of the Reich, and turned the Bezen Perrot into his own private army modeled after the SS. He has since massively radicalized and even began aligning himself to Burgundy.
  • Voluntary Vassal: Lainé's Burgundian System path involves him bowing down to Burgundy to guarantee Brittany's survival. This backfires as Burgundy has no intention to keep Brittany alive, and will simply invade Brittany and annex it.

    Reichskommissariat Niederlande

Official Name: Reichskommissariat NiederlandeTr. , Dietsland (van Geelkerken), Dutch State (Biesheuvel, Despotist), Netherlands (Biesheuvel, AuthDem), SS-Staat Niederlande (Feldmeijer)
Ruling Party: Duitse Bezettingsmacht in Nederland
Ideology: National Socialism
Nazi Germany's occupation regime of the Netherlands.
  • Right Hand vs. Left Hand: Various factions in RK Niederlande's government run rampant and attack each other while Reichskommissar Seyss-Inquart watches from the distance, believing it's the best way to deal with them.

Arthur Seyss-Inquart
Party: Duitse Bezettingsmacht in Nederland
Ideology: National Socialism

  • Pen-Pushing President: As the years go by, Seyss-Inquart now only signs orders to arrest and execute people while ensuring the NSB doesn't get into high positions in the government.
  • Retired Monster: Seyss-Inquart is still a Nazi, and continues to oversee the Nazi occupation regime in the Netherlands. However, he has given up doing anything other than watching his underlings fight each other and signing some orders here and there; a farmer could probably do his job and maybe even better.
  • We Hardly Knew Ye: Shortly after the German civil war erupts, Seyss-Inquart dies of old age, setting off a power struggle in the Netherlands.

Cornelis van Geelkerken
Party: Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Musserites)
Ideology: Fascism

  • The Starscream: If van Geelkerken, formerly the Inspector-General of the Nederlandsche Landwacht, seizes power in the aftermath of Arthur Seyss-Inquart's death, he proclaims himself Leider of the Netherlands, declaring total independence from the Einheitspakt and promising to implement 'Dutch National Socialism' in his country.

Barend Biesheuvel
Party: Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Amsterdam Group) (Despotism), Overgangsregering (Authoritarian Democracy)
Ideology: Despotism, Authoritarian Democracy

  • Internal Reformist: Biesheuvel is the leader of an influential faction of Dutch reformist politicians. If he becomes the Netherlands' dictator during the German Civil War, he'll allow some limited and regulated free press and independent trade unions, turning the Netherlands into the freest Reichskommissariat if he subsequently accepts Martin Bormann's offer to return to the Reich.

Henk Feldmeijer
Party: Nederlandsche SS
Ideology: Burgundian System

  • Renegade Splinter Faction: After seizing power following Arthur Seyss-Inquart's death, Feldmeijer breaks away from the Reich and aligns the SS State of the Netherlands with Himmler's Burgundy.


Official Name: Swiss Confederation
Ruling Party: Freisinnig-Demokratische Partei
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

  • Awakening the Sleeping Giant: If Hermann Göring or Ferdinand Schörner becomes Germany's leader, they can invade neutral Switzerland to subjugate it under the Reich's will and pillage its banks, and they will soon learn the lesson the hard way. The Swiss have turned their country into a giant bunker in preparation for a German invasion, having prepared for this exact eventuality for years. More likely than not, the German army will get bogged down and fail to make any meaningful gains, leading to the collapse of their economy, which depends too much on plunder.


Official Name: Principality of Andorra
Ruling Party: Consell General d'Andorra
Ideology: Despotism

    San Marino 
Official Name: Republic of San Marino
Ruling Party: Partito Fascista Sammarinese
Ideology: Fascism

Leonida Suzzi Valli
Ruling Party: Partito Fascista Sammarinese
Ideology: Fascism

  • Internal Reformist: Although Valli is a member of a fascist party, his goal is to reverse the undemocratic policies of his predecessors and restore democracy.

Official Name: Principality of Monaco
Ruling Party: Royal Family
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

Charlotte Louise Juliette Grimaldi

Party: Royal Family
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Reluctant Ruler: Princess Charlotte, an illegitimate child, never wanted to rule and even asked her father to make prince Rainier his successor. However, she failed, as prince was an OFN supporter, and now Princess is forced to rule Monaco as a puppet of Italian advisors and Ranier.

Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi

  • Royals Who Actually Do Something: Unlike his mother, prince Rainier is very politically active, and leads a clique of bureaucrats and ministers opposed to Italian rule.

    Vatican City
Official Name: Vatican City
Ideology: Despotism

  • The Theocracy: The Vatican is an absolute monarchy ruled by the Pope.

Ideology: Despotism

  • 100% Adoration Rating: After controversial papacy of distant and solemn Pius XIII, Angelo's reforms managed to gain adoration of almost every Vatican citizen to the point where he has gained nickname "il Papa buono", which means "good pope" in Italian.
  • In Spite of a Nail: Angelo Roncalli was the real life pope from 1958 to 1963, under the same regnal name.
  • Internal Reformist: Roncalli is a charismatic and energetic reformer, and also supporter of democracy. However, his doctrine is still traditional by papal standards.
  • Kingon His Deathbed: Roncalli's health is getting worse with every day, and Good Pope is afraid that he might not finish his reforms.
  • Puppet King: Subverted. Roncalli was initially elected because Conclave thought that he would be weak compromising leader, but the Pope managed to eventually gain power for his reforms.

Central/Southern Europe

Flag of Yugoslavia 
Flag of Croatia (Francetić) 

Official Name: Independent State of Croatia, Republic of Yugoslavia (Tito)
Ruling Party: Italian Authority
Ideology: Despotism

  • Balkanize Me: Shortly after Tito takes over Croatia, Bosnian nationalist under the lead of Alija Izetbegović will secede from the country and declare their independence, and back up their independence by allying themselves with Italy.
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: If the Ustaše or Tito's partisans rise up and take over Croatia, Italy (which has one of the strongest armies in the world) will rapidly intervene and crush that regime.
  • Puppet State: Croatia is an Italian puppet state that is independent only on paper.

Tomislav II
Party: Italian Authority
Ideology: Despotism

  • Offered the Crown: Due to his noble blood, Aimone di Savoia-Aosta was inaugurated against his will as King Tomislav II of Croatia, even though he neither speaks the language nor has even ever been there.
  • Puppet King: Tomislav II has no true power. Initially, he served as a figurehead for Ante Pavelić, commander of the Ustaše; after Pavelić's death, a cadre of Italian advisors and military officers now control Croatia.

Josip Broz Tito
Party: Zemaljsko Antifašističko Vijeće Narodnog Oslobođenja Hrvatske
Ideology: Authoritarian Socialism

  • Old Soldier: Tito never ceased his resistance against the fascists, continuing to lead his partisans against both the collaborationist Italian Authority and the homegrown Ustaša.
  • The Purge: If Tito triumphs in Croatia, he will launch reprisals on reactionaries and collaborators, detaining them and sending them to "re-education".
  • Rebel Leader: Tito, leader of the Yugoslav Partisans since World War II, is a hero to all of the oppressed peoples of the Balkans, and the bogeyman of the Italian occupiers.

Jure Francetić

Party: Ustaša – Hrvatski Revolucionarni Pokret
Ideology: National Socialism

Official Name: Islamic Republic of Bosnia
Ideology: Conservative Democracy

Bosnia secedes from Croatia if Tito takes over Croatia, and joins Italy in order to protect their independence.

    Government of National Salvation
Flag of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia 
Flag of the Serbian National Liberation Front 
Flag of the Republic of Serbia 
Flag of the Kingdom of Serbia 
Flag of Prinz-Eugen-Land 

Official Name: Government of National Salvation, Serbian National Liberation Front (Serb uprising), Republic of Serbia (Serb victory, ASNOS triumphant), Kingdom of Serbia (Serb victory, SOPO triumphant), Reichsprotektorat Prinz-Eugen-Land (Bormann victory in the Great Game)
Ruling Party: Vlada Narodnog Spasa
Ideology: Fascism

Germany's puppet state in Serbia.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: SOPO in real life was an anti-Yugoslav Serbian nationalist terrorist organization. In TNO, despite the completely different historical circumstances, SOPO was still founded, here as an anti-German Serbian nationalist terrorist organization.
  • Civil War: Shortly after the German civil war begins, the Serbs will launch an anti-German uprising, plunging Serbia into a civil war between the Serbian National Liberation Front (led by Vlada Zečević) and the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia (led by Hartwig von Ludwiger).
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: The German Garrison is heavily outnumbered by the Serbian rebels, and the Serbian uprising almost always ends with the quick defeat of the German Garrison. This appears to be intentional, and the German Garrison is apparently not supposed to win; defeating the Serbian uprising as the German Garrison causes the game to apparently glitch out, and the German Garrison-ruled Serbia will be forcibly annexed by Nikola Kavaja's Kingdom of Serbia.
  • Enemy Mine: NOV and SOPO will have a truce during the Serbian uprising, but will apparently go into conflict after the Germans are kicked out of Serbia, ending with one side coming out on top.
  • Plot Hole: Serbia is currently an incomplete nation, and has broken interactions with Germany; even if the Serbian uprising achieves complete anti-German victory, Germany's Great Game (its diplomatic war with Italy) still describes Serbia as if it is still under German collaborationist rule, and should Germany win the Great Game, free anti-German Serbia will nonsensically return to the German fold.
  • Puppet State: Serbia is a puppet state of Germany. Its economy is entirely build around extracting every single speck of wealth and exporting it to Germany. The German garrisons maintain complete control over the infrastructure, and German firms control all significant mining, industrial and financial enterprises in Serbia.
  • La Résistance: Two generations of Serbian partisans are united under the NOV's banner; the old guard that are still loyal to Tito's communism and pan-Yugoslavism, and a new wave who do not believe in those two ideas.
  • Western Terrorists: A hardline Serbian nationalist terrorist group known as the Serbian Homeland Liberation Movement (or SOPO) is present in Serbia, made up of Chetnik remnants, disgraced collaborators, and even criminals. They oppose both the Germans and the leftist NOV partisans, but are willing to have a truce with the NOV during the uprising.

Milan Aćimović
Party: Vlada Narodnog Spasa
Ideology: Fascism

  • The Quisling: He's a collaborationist and ruler of German-controlled Serbia.

Vlada Zečević
Party: Narodnooslobodilačka Vojska
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

Leader of the Serbian National Liberation Front.

  • Rebel Leader: Zečević has led the Yugoslav Partisans in Serbia since rising tensions between Italy and Germany caused the Serbian-Croatian border to become heavily militarised, cutting him off from Tito's headquarters in Croatia.

Borisav Jović

Party: Antifašistička Skupština Narodnog Oslobođenja Srbije
Ideology: Social Democracy

Leader of the Republic of Serbia.

  • Landslide Election: Jović's election (in the path where he comes to power) is said to be an overwhelming victory due to a lack of any serious electoral oppositions.
  • Patriotic Fervor: Jović is an outspoken Serbian patriot, and represents the new generation of Serbian partisans who oppose the old guard's Titoist and pan-Yugoslavian beliefs, replacing them with left-wing populist Serbian nationalism instead.
  • Young Future Famous People: Borisav Jović in real life came to political prominence in the early 90s, when he became the 12th President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia. In TNO, he can come to power almost three decades earlier.

Nikola Kavaja

Party: Srpski Oslobodilački Pokret Otadžbina
Ideology: Despotism

Leader of the Kingdom of Serbia.

  • The Dreaded: Nikola Kavaja is a name whispered with terror in all of Serbia, by his allies, his enemies, and his victims. Assassinations, kidnappings, sabotages, hijackings, bank robberies and bombings—with every action, the SOPO grew more feared.
  • Rightful King Returns: The SOPO plans to restore the Kingdom of Serbia and invite Peter II, the former King of Yugoslavia, back to the country.
  • Western Terrorists: Kavaja is one of the founders and leaders of the SOPO, who modeled themselves after the Black Hand and struck their enemies with brutal acts of terrorism.

Sepp Janko
Ideology: National Socialism

Head of state for Bormann's Reichsprotektorat Prinz-Eugen-Land.

    Kingdom of Hungary
Official Name: Kingdom of Hungary
Ruling Party: Magyar Élet Pártja - Imrédy Wing
Ideology: Fascism

Béla Imrédy
Party: Magyar Élet Pártja - Imrédy Wing
Ideology: Fascism

  • Evil Chancellor: Was this during Horthy's reigh. During his time as prime minister, he suppressed potential rivals, pushed for more totalitarian reforms, restricted freedom of press and culture, and passed harsh antisemitic legislation, all in an effort to become a more loyal German ally. This backfired greatly.
  • Regent for Life: Like Miklós Horthy before him, Imrédy leads Hungary as its Regent, as the Kingdom of Hungary has had no king since the end of World War I.

    Kingdom of Romania

Official Name: Kingdom of Romania
Ideology: Despotism

  • Pyrrhic Victory: In the 1950s, Romania invaded Hungary to reclaim Transylvania. The war was won, but at a high cost - the Romanian troops faced heavy casualties, resistance in occupied territories remained at critical levels, and the explusion from the Pakt left Romania internationally isolated and soon caused an economic crash.

Mihai I
Ideology: Despotism

  • Internal Reformist: Since seizing power from Conducător Ion Antonescu, King Michael has been slowly undergoing a project of liberalisation and democratisation after decades under an oppressive junta.

    Tsardom of Bulgaria

Official Name: Tsardom of Bulgaria
Ideology: Despotism

  • La Résistance: The Fatherland Front is a nationalistic, anti-German group that has opposed the government since World War II ended. Today, they serve as a constant threat to the peace and stability of Bulgaria.

Boris III
Ideology: Despotism

  • Plot-Triggering Death: The sudden deaths of Tsar Boris and his Prime Minister kick off the Great Game between Germany and Italy, as both countries seek to turn Bulgaria to their side.
  • Puppet King: Inverted. Though the Kingdom of Bulgaria is technically a constitutional monarchy, Parliament's edicts and bills mean nothing in comparison compared to the powers of the Tsar, who rules Bulgaria as effectively an absolute monarch.
  • We Hardly Knew Ye: Tsar Boris dies in 1962, only a few months after the game starts.

Simeon II
Ideology: Despotism

  • Choosing Neutrality: If neither Germany nor Italy wins the Great Game in Bulgaria, Tsar Simeon II will leave the Einheitspakt and declare Bulgaria to be a neutral country that refuses to be a battleground between the two empires.

Violeta Yakova
Ideology: Libertarian Socialism

  • Rebel Leader: Yakova leads the People's Republic of Bulgaria when it rises up against Hermann Göring's Reichskommissariat Balkanhalbinsel.

    Hellenic State

Official Name: Hellenic State, Greek State (Papadopoulos)
Ruling Party: Ethniki Enosis Ellados
Ideology: Fascism

  • Les Collaborateurs: The current Greek government was set up by the Axis during World War II. It continues to survive only because of the Italian occupation.
  • Corrupt Politician: The Greek government is plagued by rampant corruption and cronyism.
  • La Résistance: Numerous partisan and insurgent groups are active in the Greek wilderness, seeking to overthrow the collaborationist government.

Sotirios Gotzamanis
Party: Ethniki Enosis Ellados
Ideology: Fascism

  • King on His Deathbed: Prime Minister Gotzamanis suffered a stroke in 1958, and never fully recovered. Everyone in Greece can see that once Thanatos comes to claim him, all hell will break loose across the country.
  • The Quisling: Gotzamanis was appointed Prime Minister of Greece by his Italian overlords, and serves them by appeasing his people so they wouldn't openly revolt.
  • Vetinari Job Security: Despite having never recovered from a stroke in 1958, Gotzamanis was not replaced as Prime Minister of Greece, as he is the only person who can bring any semblance of stability to his country, and removing him would be catastrophic.

Northern Europe

Official Name: Kingdom of Denmark, Reichskommissariat Dänemark (Bormann Denmark)
Ruling Party: Departementchefstyret
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Puppet State: Although nominally independent, Denmark is nothing more than a puppet of Germany, and all decisions are made by the Reich's plenipotentiary Werner Best.

Werner Best
Party: Departementchefstyret
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Pragmatic Villainy: During the war, in order to maintain stable relations between Germany and Denmark, Best struck many compromises, allowing Denmark to retain its monarchy, a cabinet and a semi-democratic parliament, and advised against sending Danish Jews to the concentration camps, all while dreaming of formally integrating Denmark into the Reich.

Hermann von Hanneken
Party: Wehrmacht Abteilung Dänemark
Ideology: Despotism

  • Military Coup: When Germany falls into civil war, Hanneken can launch a coup, asserting the authority of the Wehrmacht garrison onto the Danish government on the basis of maintaining stability.

Knud Børge Martinsen
Party: Nationalsosialistisk Folkeparti
Ideology: National Socialism

  • Dragon with an Agenda: Despite serving the Reich as a loyal collaborator for the last two decades, Martinsen's desire for an independent Denmark has been no secret to Germania.

    Reichskommissariat Norwegen
Flag of Norway (Lunde) 
Flag of Free Norway / Norway (Borten) 
Official Name: Reichskommissariat NorwegenTr. , Norway (collaborationist), Provisional Norwegian Government (Free Norway)
Ruling Party: Nasjonal Samling - Mainstream
Ideology: Fascism

  • La Résistance: The Milorg resistance movement has remained active despite Josef Terboven's efforts to squash them.
  • Rightful King Returns: When the Okkupasjon begun, King Haakon VII staunchly refused to recognise the Quisling regime, and eventually was forced to flee to Great Britain and then Canada along with his family. He never abdicated until his death, and neither has his son, Olav V, who will be invited back home and crowned by the Milorg after they take over.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: For twenty years, the shaky government of RK Norwegen has tried its best to turn Norway into a model colony, led by an equally shaky triumvirate consisting of Reichskommissar Josef Terboven, the increasingly disloyal nationalist Gulbrand Lunde, and the brutal police chief Jonas Lie.

Josef Terboven
Party: Nasjonal Samling - Mainstream
Ideology: Fascism

  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: When the German Civil War begins, Reichskommissar Terboven abandons his post, disbands the garrison and empowers the native collaborator government, turning Norway into a free nation overnight.

Gulbrand Lunde
Party: Nasjonal Samling - Mainstream
Ideology: Fascism

  • Meet the New Boss: Lunde's policy changes very little for Norway, with only a few exceptions, like the end of Germanisation. For much of Norway, it almost seems like Terboven never even left.

Per Borten
Party: Nasjonal Samling - Moderate
Ideology: Despotism

  • Internal Reformist: Downplayed; though Borten became the leader of the reformist wing of the NS due to his more liberal position, he's not willing to fully embrace reformism yet. If he comes to power, he will continue the NS dictatorship, but he will scale back its autocracies and implement restrained Norwegian nationalist doctrines.

Jonas Lie
Party: Nasjonal Samling - Radical
Ideology: National Socialism

  • The Quisling: Lie has spent two decades loyally collaborating with the Reich through Josef Terboven's administration. After Terboven's resignation, he believes that Germany is not gone for good, but only temporarily indisposed, and he is hell-bent on keeping everything, including Germanisation, to prepare for their inevitable return.

Knut Møyen
Party: Militær Organisasjon
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Cincinnatus: Once he's done reversing what the Germans did to Norway and inviting the King back, Møyen will hold democratic elections and peacefully hand power to the winner.
  • The Coup: After Josef Terboven abandons Norway and empowers the collaborator government, Møyen can lead a coup against it and establish a provisional government.
  • The Purge: Møyen enacts a widespread purge against the collaborationist leaders within Norway, whom he views as treacherous filth.

Henrik Rogstad

Party: Fedrelandsgarden
Ideology: National Socialism

A highly pro-German bureaucrat in the Nasjonal Samling. If Bormann took over Germany while the Milorg couped the NS government in Norway, Bormann can secretly fund a coup headed by Rogstad to bring Norway back to Germany's side.

  • The Coup: Rogstad can take over Norway in a paramilitary coup secretly backed by Bormann.
  • The Quisling: Rogstad is fervently dedicated to Germany and wants to bring Norway back into the German sphere.
  • Puppet King: Proudly pro-German, Rogstad follows Führer Bormann's orders without second thoughts.

Official Name: Kingdom of Sweden
Ruling Party: Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti
Ideology: Social Democracy

  • Awakening the Sleeping Giant: Sweden has been preparing for a German invasion for years, and receives support from Japan and the Triumvirate, as well as advisors from Burgundy and the United States. If Hermann Göring or Ferdinand Schörner decide to 'punish' Sweden's neutrality with an invasion, they'll soon learn the hard way that it is a very bad idea, before the Reich's economy implodes.
  • Heroic Neutral: Despite its long-standing neutrality, Josef Terboven suspects that Sweden is hiding Norwegian dissidents, revealing the Reich's true intentions to Norwegians, and funding the Milorg resistance in Norway.

    Republic of Finland
Official Name: Republic of Finland
Ruling Party: Armeijan Hallitus
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Shocking Defeat Legacy: If Finland suffers total defeat during their war with the West Russian unifier over Onega and signs an unconditional surrender, Oesch's government will collapse and be replaced with a new government. If the West Russian unifier is left wing, Finland will go fascist; if the unifier was right wing, Finland will become communist. If the unifier was democratic, then Finland will also go democratic.
  • You Have Outlived Your Usefulness: When Western Russia is reunified and successfully negotiates with Finland for the return of Onega and the Russian-majority areas annexed during World War II, Finland no longer needs the Anti-Communist Volunteer Guard and will stop guaranteeing them, allowing West Russia's unifier to annex Onega with ease.

Karl Lennart Oesch
Party: Armeijan Hallitus
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • Emergency Authority: After the West Russian War, Oesch sent in the army to stabilise the Finnish political scene and established a provisional military regime with himself as leader. However, the regime is neither popular nor sustainable, and it is only a matter of whether Oesch will step down or have to be overthrown.

    Karelian Autonomy
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

  • The Neutral Zone: Karelia is a country formed as a buffer state if Finland signs a conditional surrender with the West Russia unifier during the war over Onega. East Karelia becomes a demilitarised autonomous region of Russia, ruled by Finnish general Sakari Simelius, where Finnish citizens could legally reside and enjoy freedom of movement with Finland proper.

    US Forces Iceland
Official Name: US Forces in Iceland
Ruling Party: United States Forces Iceland
Ideology: Authoritarian Democracy

The United States' military occupation regime of Iceland. The OFN's last stronghold in Europe, Iceland is of vital strategic interest to the United States. The United States absolutely cannot lose Iceland, but the authoritarian occupation regime is causing significant local pushback. It remains to be seen if the USFI can resolve the issue and maintain the OFN's presence in Europe.

  • Police State: Iceland under USFI military administration is a very oppressive "democracy". When Iceland's populace voted against the USFI and protested, USFI instantly declared martial law to preserve their power.
  • Puppet State: Iceland is a puppet state of the United States at the start of the game, due to its strategic importance for America.


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