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Dying Town

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"They laid a highway a few years back
Next town over by the railroad track
Some nights I'm glad it passed us by
Some nights I sit and watch my home town die"
Tift Merritt, "Laid a Highway"

A town that has lost its main reason for existing, or the support systems it needs to thrive. As a result, it's losing its inhabitants far faster than they're replaced. If this continues to its logical end, this community will become a Ghost Town.

Easily spotted by the number of buildings that are shuttered or boarded up, particularly on its main thoroughfare. The streets are nearly empty of vehicles, and the grass hasn't been cut around quite a few houses. Quite a few of said houses will have a barking dog tied to a cinderblock, inoperable vehicles and/or appliances in varying degrees of decay rusting on the lawn, possibly some lawn ornaments that are considered "tacky," or holiday decorations unironically left in place even though it's August, and inhabitants who spend their days sitting out front in cheap plastic lawn chairs with a cigarette perpetually clutched between two outstretched fingers and a cheap beer in the other hand.


The local pastime, for many people, is some type of drug (meth, heroin, crack, whatever the "flavor of the decade" happens to be). There may also be children running amok in the yard while the adults pay them no mind. If you ask, the inhabitants will tell you Nothing Exciting Ever Happens Here. At least not since the rutabaga factory burnt down, or the hot springs dried up, or the Widget Factory sent all its jobs to Ruritania, or Bigville got the freeway exit.

The economy, meanwhile, probably hinges on monthly benefits payments, and the local Wal-Mart is likely the de facto town meeting place. The few jobs that do still exist are either part-time and pay minimum wage with little or no benefits, or full-time unskilled labor positions that pay terribly, and have limited opportunities for advancement that are largely contingent on who you are due to rampant nepotism and cronyism - unless people belong to or are associated with one of a select few dynastic local families, they simply do not have a shot at rising through the ranks. If there is a decent-paying job available that doesn't require higher education or specialized training, it's probably dangerous, unpleasant, and likely to necessitate an early retirement due to the physical toll that it takes.


Most of the inhabitants will be older folks, safely retired or desperately holding on to what few remaining jobs there are. There are relatively few younger adults—most have fled to greener pastures, and the remaining ones are either uneducated, dedicated to something in the town, or resent being trapped by obligations. The teenagers and children are likewise mostly interested in leaving as soon as they can manage it, and woe betide the kid whose parents inexplicably decide to move to Dying Town from the big city. Worse still is the kid who had a good shot at leaving, but wound up getting yanked right back in by circumstances (frequently a Career-Ending Injury, an unplanned pregnancy, an economic downturn that affects even the places where there were better opportunities, or ailing parents), and never recovered.

May be the hometown of a cast member, and a visit to it will explain a lot about them. Sometimes overlaps with Town with a Dark Secret, especially in the mystery and horror genres. It also sometimes overlaps with Wretched Hive when the problems that tend to plague impoverished towns full of people who are there because they can't get out set in, especially if the area was dependent on manufacturing and now has no livable jobs; when people get desperate, some will inevitably turn to crime, or turn to drugs and alcohol in an attempt to cope with the stress. A common plotline in more idealistic stories is for a new inhabitant to find some way of turning things around and restoring the town's prosperity, especially if it is a Close-Knit Community that can rally around him. A more cynical twist has the newcomer promising this to con the remaining inhabitants out of their meager savings.

See also the Wrong Side of the Tracks.

Contrast Everytown, America, which it may once have been, or possibly Boom Town for that real Riches to Rags story, or Suddenly Significant City.


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    Anime and Manga 
  • Fullmetal Alchemist:
    • In the first Fullmetal Alchemist novel, as well as an episode or two of the anime, there is the town with the man trying to make philosopher's stones out of the red water.
    • The Expy of Venice in the 2003 anime version is dying in two senses - it's sinking under the water (and will be gone in a decade), which is causing people to leave it in droves. The only thing that brings any money to the town anymore is Psiren.
  • Some of the places that are associated within their respective case arcs in The Kindaichi Case Files suffer this fate.
    • Much of the economy in Hitokui Village has been dependent on a bio-chemical research lab, so there was more population within the village when there was more funding for lab research(es) during WWII and the population decreased after much of the funding for lab researching got pulled out or dried up after WWII.
    • Seiren Island is technically a "dying island", as the island has no separate townships itself, but the trope applies all the same because it has a dwindling human population. At the present day, there's only one person, an elderly octogenarian woman, who's still residing on the island. According to her testimony, the island population was around 100 in her younger years, during and after WWII, but the failed attempt to turn the island into a resort after WWII caused the already-critical economic status of the island to become downright unsustainable, which, in turn, resulted in the continual decrease of the island population until only she herself remained as its inhabitant, which has held true for the past twenty years.
  • Tokyo 3, from Neon Genesis Evangelion. Most of the people fled after the first angel attack, leading to the tiny size of Shinji's class. And unknown to them, Shinji's classmates are all potential Eva pilots, so even they're only there because NERV wants them on tap.
  • CGI film Vexille features this with the whole country of Japan being the victim.
  • Trigun has a number of these, due to Planet Gunsmoke's unforgiving environment. The best example is in the 2nd episode of the TV series, where a town is rapidly depopulating due to its aquifer drying up. It turns out a local robber-baron who lives on top of the aquifer was secretly draining it and storing the water in giant tanks, intending to sell it at a massive profit.
  • In Tegami Bachi: Letter Bee, there's the town of Kyrie. Since it sits at the Yodaka side of the bridge to Yuusari (respectively the poor and middle-class regions of Amberground), one would think that it's an important center of commerce, but because the regions are heavily segregated and few people can pass between them, hardly anyone comes through. Jiggy Pepper, one of the few Yodaka residents who became a Letter Bee, helped the town by contributing his salary toward buying a bell for the newly constructed church.
  • Sakura Quest is about the efforts to revitalize the town of Manoyama. The town suffers from an aging population, a struggling economy, local businesses shutting down and few tourists coming through. Unfortunately, the solution is not at all clear-cut, since while many residents agree the situation has to improve, others are apathetic or otherwise resistant to the idea of change. The protagonists in the tourism board's efforts to revitalize the town have some success, but the series ends with the town considering a merger, which leaves the future somewhat uncertain.

    Comic Books 
  • One of the main recurring themes of Ghost Rider (2022) is how America's lesser known, underpopulated towns across its vast rural areas are much more vulnerable to be preyed on by malevolent supernatural forces, its struggling populations constantly falling under the radar of most superheroes who mainly congregate in large cities and are largely concerned with big scale events. This causes the titular anti-hero, Ghost Rider, to come to the grim realization that his nomadic lifestyle is likely one of only few reasons that America's poor, forgotten people have any hope left.
  • The Autumnlands: Tooth & Claw has the town of Erries whose sheep inhabitants are dying from an unknown disease in alarming numbers.
  • In Generation Zero, the town of Rook was dying after the closure of its plants. More recently, it's become a technological hub Powered by a Forsaken Child.

    Fan Works 

    Films — Animated 
  • Radiator Springs from Cars. Once a waypoint along Route 66, it was bypassed when the interstate was built and siphoned away all their traffic and customers. The musical number "Our Town" depicts its decline from a thriving community.
  • Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs: Swallow Falls used to be a fairly prosperous town until the local sardine cannery suffered a serious hit in business, leaving the locals with almost nothing to eat but sardines. Part of Flint's desire to be a successful inventor is to put Swallow Falls back on the map.

    Films — Live-Action 
  • Jumanji: When Alan Parrish is trapped in the board game for 26 years, his father thinks he has run away (due to their last conversation being a fight), and thus puts all his time and efforts into finding him, closing his shoe factory in the process. When Alan is freed from the game by Judy and Peter, he finds his home town in dire straits, with people on the street, main street all but shuttered, and the rest of the town choked with big boxes and speedy burgers where churches used to be. At the end, time is reset, allowing Alan to prevent this by reconciling with his father and eventually taking over the family business.
  • The titular Spanish town of Santoalla is this. Before Martin and Margo moved in, only the Rodriguezes were living there.
  • By the end of Annie Hall, Annie is of the opinion that New York is one of these (and this film took place in The '70s when she was somewhat justified). Alvy disagrees:
    Alvy: You're not gonna come back to New York?
    Annie: What's so great about New York anyway? I mean, it's a dying city — you've read Death in Venice.
  • Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare touches on this slightly, with anyone in Springwood under 18 killed off by Freddy (which accounts for a very high percentage of the town population), the remaining adults have gone wacko as a result.
  • Gummo is an example of this trope. Set in Xenia, Ohio some time after a tornado nearly destroyed it. Dirty, overgrown, and abandoned, only the people who couldn't leave remain... a poverty-stricken group of delinquents, mentally handicapped, and child molesters.
  • Perigord, the setting of the last half of Phantasm II, as it is yet to be fully razed by The Tall Man.
  • Heart of Glass by Werner Herzog revolves around an 18th-century small town that is dependent on its glass factory. When the factory loses the secret recipe for red glass, the whole town goes angst-ridden with the threat of decline.
  • In Last Man Standing, the small town of Jericho has only a gas station, Bar/Hotel, Sheriff's office, Coffin Maker, and two rivaling Gangs remaining. By the end of the movie, half of those are gone, too.
  • The Reaping: the entire town is slowly killed off one by one by the 10 plagues of Egypt which are brought upon them by a girl, because everyone in the town became cultists and turned their back on God, and they sacrificed every second born child to create The Antichrist. The girl was an angel sent by God to eliminate the entire town.
  • The Big Green has Elma, Texas, with bad student test scores and few employed citizens. Even the movie's programming guide says that the town is dying.
  • Roger & Me is Michael Moore's documentary about Flint, Michigan, a former GM factory town in the Rust Belt that began to die after GM closed the factory and outsourced to Mexico.
  • A running subplot throughout the Robocop franchise is Detroit being a horrible place to live in general and OCP doing its damnedest to kick residents out of their homes in order to have enough land to make "Delta City", which would both revive the city and turn it into One Nation Under Copyright (it's also heavily implied that they want to do their "Delta City" project on Detroit because the U.S. Government has pretty much given up on trying to keep the city alive).
  • Eight Legged Freaks is set in ironically named Prosperity, a small mining town whose economy revolved entirely around the local gold mine. No points for guessing what happened when the vein ran dry. The film's protagonist returns to his native town after decades of absence with the noble intention of reopening the mine, only to get roped into the Giant Spider invasion the movie is all about, but in the end he succeeds in bringing prosperity back to Prosperity.
  • Perfection, Nevada from the Tremors franchise is a similar example to Prosperity; the arrival of giant killer worms doesn't help much, and by the later films, the population has evidently dwindled to Bert and his son.
  • Raven's Fair in Dead Silence. Mary Shaw has killed so much of the town's population that most of the buildings are shuttered and dilapidated.
  • Gung Ho: Hadleyville, Pennsylvania, is a factory town without a factory. The residents are under the gun to convince a car company to reopen the factory before the town dies. Shortly into the first act, they manage to get a company to invest... a Japanese company. Hilarity Ensues.
  • The town of Ticklehead from The Grand Seduction used to be a proud fishing community. However, the collapse of the cod fishery has gutted the community, with many moving away to find work while those who choose to stay scraping by on welfare. The film's plot revolves around trying to get a plastic processing plant built in town so that the inhabitants can feel the dignity of a hard day's work again.
  • In Resident Evil: Welcome to Raccoon City, Raccoon City is one of these instead of the urban metropolis it is in the video games. The town's economy was entirely dependant on the Umbrella Corporation, so with Umbrella moving its operations elsewhere, the only people still left are either the last few Umbrella employees that haven't transferred out yet, or residents who are simply too poor to leave.

  • Stephen King is fond of setting his books in Dying Towns.
    • Carrie: Although Chamberlain, Maine is described as a virtual ghost town in the novel, it is more on its way to becoming one (thus fitting the trope), as there are still some locals who have remained. However, with Thomas Ewen High School in ruins, nearly the entire junior and senior class dead (after having been killed in a huge fire Carrie sets on prom night) and hundreds more dead or feared dead following Carrie's rampage, the town is shell-shocked and goes into a catatonic state of mourning. In the aftermath, the town's industrial base is ruined (either having closed due to lack of work or the entire workforce quitting/leaving town) and people are moving out of town ... multiple ones on a daily basis. The thriving small town of Chamberlain virtually changes into a dying town within weeks, well on its way to a Ghost Town.
    • 'Salem's Lot features a town that's already like this... and then the process is accelerated to Ghost Town levels by a Vampire invasion.
    • Oatley, New York, in The Talisman.
    • Arnette, Texas, where The Stand opens, is one of these even before Captain Trips hits.
    • Derry, Maine, at the end of IT is implied to be heading this way, but Insomnia (set in Derry a few years later) shows it to be bouncing back.
  • Clayton is a town where infection set in recently, but it's declining fast. John compares it to roadkill, a town rotting by the side of the road. By I Don't Want to Kill You, it's begun to border on the Wretched Hive variant, with dirty secrets popping up everywhere. The Film of the Book milks this for all its worth, atmosphere-wise, resulting in a muted, arthouse gothic feel.
  • Meg Langslow Mysteries: Clay County, by "The Hen of the Baskervilles." The killer's Motive Rant claims that the county is "dying by inches" due to their economy drying up and prominent citizens repeatedly being arrested for murder. By the end of the book, the entire sheriff's department is about to be laid off except for the sheriff and three deputies who are related to the mayor or the sheriff. And they're only being paid to work part-time.
  • Much Ado About Grubstake: Grubstake, Colorado was once a prominent mining community before the gold and silver began to run low. The town's current population is sixty-two (mostly prospectors who lack the resources to move and still manage to extract just enough gold dust to pay some of their bills), and only one train passes by every month. So when a mysterious man shows up trying to buy mines as a supposed resort attraction, sixteen-year-old boarding house owner Arley, the orphaned daughter of a miner, smells a rat.
  • Innsmouth in The Shadow Over Innsmouth looks like one of such towns. It's actually a Town with a Dark Secret.
  • The last chapters of One Hundred Years of Solitude presents Macondo as one of those after the banana boom ended tragically. It never becomes a full Ghost Town because a natural disaster hits hard at the end of the novel, completely destroying what little is left.
    • In other books by Gabriel García Márquez which share the Macondo setting, the town is usually in this stage.
  • The novel Casas Muertas by Venezuelan author Miguel Otero Silva, is set in a town which is half this, half Ghost Town, and strongly transitions to the latter during the story. The sequel, Oficina Nº 1, is set in the Boom Town where the protagonist moves after realizing that nothing can save her little town from dying.
  • American Gods: Shadow finds a lot of these on his road trip (some of them, such as Cairo, are Truth in Television). He settles down for a time in one town that seems to be surprisingly immune to the economic ebb. He should have paid a bit more attention to that...
  • The Word and the Void: Hopewell, Illinois is a dying steel mill town peopled by the old, the broken, and those too young to leave yet. Several demonic invasions later it's still standing, but not by much. It says a lot about the setting that the demons and the feeders aren't the most depressing things about it.
  • Jean Shepherd gave this feeling to Hammond, Indiana in his collection of short stories, In God We Trust, All Others Pay Cash.
  • Grantville in 1632, is a small mining town in West Virginia, slowly being hollowed out by mine closures. Then it's teleported into the Thirty Years' War and becomes one of the most important centers of technology and learning in the world. In the early novels, the older residents mention that they'd once resigned themselves to watching the town die as all the young people left for greener pastures. Now their main problem is that too many people want to move in too quickly.
  • Branton Hills in Gadsby starts off stagnating, but it improves thanks to the title character.
  • Coalwood, West Virginia is the local setting for October Sky (originally named Rocket Boys), a real-life story about Homer Hadley Hickam Jr. and his dreams of becoming an engineer for NASA. (Today, McDowell County, of which Coalwood is the seat, has the highest rate of drug overdoses in the United States, mostly due to opioids.)
  • All the Wrong Questions takes place in one of these, called Stain'd-by-the-Sea. It used to be a prosperous town thanks to ink harvesting industry, but eventually the number of ink-creating octopi started dwindling, so the biggest company in town, Ink Inc., drained the surrounding oceans to get at the remaining ones. This made things worse, as it killed of the rest of the octopi, and screwed up a lot of other businesses that relied on tourism. By the time the series starts, almost everyone has left to find better opportunities in the city.
  • The Lost Fleet series details a number of solar systems that had once been host to heavy traffic but have been bypassed by the time the titular fleet passes through because the Portal Network rendered the old mode of system-to-system hyperspace travel obsolete. Some of these systems have been completely abandoned, while others still have dwindling populations as more and more of the younger generation emigrate, or are conscripted. On at least one occasion, a Company Town that existed solely to service a now-disused waystation in a particularly bleak system is only clinging to life because the corporation didn't bother sending anyone to take the workers off-world after they were laid off. On another occasion, the titular Lost Fleet passes through a system whose main habitable world was once famed for its natural beauty and home to numerous luxury resorts, but a hundred years of constant war haven't been good for the tourist trade.
  • Rust Belt suburb Grosse Point, Michigan in The Virgin Suicides. Its Apathetic Citizens are in denial about it until it's too late, and its teenagers just want to get out as fast as possible.
  • Cullerne, the setting of The Nebuly Coat by John Meade Falkner, is a harbour that lost its purpose when the river silted up.
  • Discworld:
    • Mrs Bradshaw's Handbook to the Ankh-Morpork and Sto Plains Railway mentions the town of Gravelhang, which was once the centre of the marble industry until the building of the Royal Bank of Ankh-Morpork used up all the marble. It now comprises a population of 45 and one shop that sells canned food, tobacco, and banjo strings.
    • The Compleat Discworld Atlas describes Chirm as having once been famed for oysters, but since the oyster beds have dried up, the remaining inhabitants survive by collecting driftwood.
    • Exactly what changed Zemphis from the bustling market town seen in Equal Rites to the lawless Vice City described in Raising Steam and Mrs Bradshaw's Handbook isn't clear. The Atlas mentions the difference but not what caused it. It seems like all the trade routes are still in place but the city's own attitude to them has shifted.
  • The Locked Tomb: Gideon the Ninth: The Ninth House has been reduced to an increasingly small number of increasing ancient retainers, worshipers, and necromancers. Its population below the age of sixty appears to consist of one morose cavalier, two teenagers, and no one else. This is partially the result of its rulers sacrificing an entire generation of babies to ensure their child was born an overwhelmingly powerful necromancer. It's not entirely clear what happened to everyone else, although the house was already dying before they resorted to this. According to Silas Octakiseron (who, it should be noted, is an asshole), the House was never supposed to exist in the first place and therefore has been dying out for ten thousand years.
  • In If I Fall, If I Die, Will's hometown of Thunder Bay, Ontario is suffering this fate due to the decline in the grain trade.
    MacVicar: It's different than it was in your mother's day. At that time, things made sense here. We put the bad guys in jail and sent the good guys to work. But once the grain stopped coming on those rails and went east to China, things took a turn. Now we've got the highest crime rate on the Lakes, outside Chicago. The only grain people're interested in is the fermented kind. The pourable version. The kind that helps you forget the better times and hunker down into the new.
  • Regarding The: Dry Creek is one of these in the first book. It used to be a popular tourist destination thanks to its natural springs and creeks, but those dried up thirty years ago; now, the town has to pay Sally Mander and "Dee" Eel for a place to swim and drinking water, and most businesses have closed up or moved to the still-thriving Springfield. Ultimately, Mander and Eel are revealed to have been the ones who capped off the geyser feeding Dry Creek in the first place; when they're arrested for this, the geyser is let loose and the town (renamed Geyser Creek) is able to thrive again.
  • Dear America: In Christmas After All, Willie Faye’s hometown of Heart’s Bend, Texas became this due both to the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl hitting it hard. It came to a head when the train started speeding by the station instead of stopping by. It was also a very small area before that, which results in Willie Faye getting Culture Shock when she’s sent to live with protagonist Minnie and her family in Cincinnati.
  • Pale: The fictional tourist town of Kennet, Ontario, on the shores of Lake Superior, is only barely hanging on thanks to the yearly tourist season, with all other jobs having dried up. The Anthropomorphic Personification of the town, a spirit named Ken, exhibits hopelessness at every turn, and also reflects the town's alcohol and drug problems. All Ken has left is a dimming sense of pride.
  • Sunny and Maxon from Shine Shine Shine grew up in Yates County, Pennsylvania, where oil was discovered in 1859. When the oil ran out, the wealthy inhabitants sold coal, then lumber. The money finally ran out for good in 1952, leaving a decaying town with unusually large houses.
  • Stinger: Inferno, Texas is a mining town with no minerals left. The school just got shut down and everyone is in bad financial shape besides Cade, whose prosperity comes from organized crime.
  • Livvie Owen Lived Here: When Nabor's paper mill shut down a decade ago, most other businesses did too. Simon used to work at the mill, but after he lost his job and a House Fire damaged the family home, the Owens were forced to move out.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Dibley, in The Vicar of Dibley to the point where the birth of a child was celebrated with a statue of that child.
  • Figures into the first season of Brockmire as Jules attempts to use Brockmire to revive the lulling attendance figures at the minor league ballpark. The general aura of the town always seems to reflect this and the fact that the team is named the frackers indicates that the town is in a co-dependent relationship with an oil company that's not beneficial to them
  • It could go a long way towards explaining why many of the teenagers' goals is to get out of Lima post-graduation in Glee.
  • An example occurs on Bones in the Season 3 episode "Baby in the Bough". The murdered woman is from a town, Huntsville, that is dying because the main bridge was destroyed cutting the town off from "the scenic route" and drying up all the tourism associated with it. After the murderer is caught, Bones saves the town by investing a large chunk of her recent advance for her next book into rebuilding the bridge and hiring project manager they met to run the project (she also decides that she might buy a vacation home there once the bridge is fixed).
  • The titular town of the third episode in Y Gwyll, "Penwyllt," is more of a village than a town that used to have an active quarry. Penwyllt actually is a real settlement in South Wales (rather than in Ceredigion in the show, which is the jurisdiction of the Aberystwyth police), and it used to have an active quarry, although today its main purpose is to serve as a rest stop for caving enthusiasts. The only people living In-Universe in Penwyllt are all directly or indirectly involved with the murder case.
  • True Detective: Rust Cohle gets off a memorable description of some sad little dying Texas town.
    Rust: This place is like someone's memory of a town, and the memory is fading.
  • Dillon, Texas in Friday Night Lights, much like the Real Life Odessa, Texas it is based on, is a post-bust oil town. It's more or less functional after a hideous crash in The '80s, but there's basically no opportunities besides farm work and minimum wage service jobs, and if an adult over twenty-two lives there, it's because they couldn't get into college or pro sports.
    • The majority-black East Dillon is in even worse shape than the rest of the town, as all the money from the state bailout which got the town into its current state of semi-repair got funelled into the majority white West Dillon.
  • On Adam Ruins Everything, Adam meets a 50-year-old man who is dismayed because he lost his job since the toaster factory went out of business, which was what his town was centered around. His family had worked in it for generations. Adam explains to him that just as economies grow and change, so must people. The man he's talking to decides to go Back to School and gain some new skills so he can get a new job.
  • Camden on My Name Is Earl seems to be this. Most of its residents are low-income and uneducated, and Earl mentions that if you hadn't left town by Junior High, odds are, you never would.
  • In Lodge 49, Long Beach is presented as this, as the closure of the local Orbis plant has put many of the residents out of work.
  • The Outer Limits (1995):
    • In "Glyphic", the small town of Tolemy is on its last legs after a brain cancer outbreak killed most of the town's children.
    • In "Seeds of Destruction", Hobson was a dying town until MacroSeed arrived. The company paid a small fortune to rent several of its fields in order to grow TX-40, their genetically engineered strain of corn.
  • Dare Me takes place in the fictional town of Sutton Grove, which has been ailing ever since the old tire factory closed. Exacerbating their problems is their attempt to build a football stadium, which has stalled, costing the town a lot of money. Many of the teen characters on the show openly talk about trying to leave.
  • The Mandalorian shows the famed Mos Eisley Spaceport has fallen into this following Luke and friends eliminating Jabba. With the main criminal element gone, the town is largely desolate and empty.
  • Midnight Mass is set on Crockett Island, which has declined to 127 people after a major oil spill decimated the fishing industry that was the backbone of its economy. According to one of the characters, people moving away simply abandon their homes and don't even attempt to sell them anymore. The only social institution that remains is the local Catholic church.

  • "Good Time Charlie's Got the Blues," a 1972 top 10 hit for Danny O'Keefe about a young man living in a small, dying town somewhere in rural America and is depressed over his loneliness and that all his friends and everyone he cares for have moved away ... in the song, they've moved to "L.A." (Los Angeles).
  • The folk songs "Out From St Leonards" and "Farewell to the Rhondda" are about the demise of fishing in Newfoundland and mining in Wales, respectively.
  • "Laid a Highway" by Tift Merritt, which provides our page quote.
  • Ray Stevens's "Dear Andy Griffith" pays homage to a suburban town that has seen better days; the garden beds have become overrun with weeds, yard sales, cluttered lawns, pit bulls, with the banker's house turned into a funeral parlor, and the local veteran's memorial is a hangout for Goths and vampires.
  • "The Day They Closed the Factory Down" by Harry Chapin, which he introduces on the concert album by saying, "This is about what happens to a little one-horse town when the one horse decides to up and leave."
  • "Allentown" by Billy Joel. "Allentown" is actually about the neighboring Pennsylvania town of Bethlehem, which has been dying a long slow death since the loss of Bethlehem Steel. "Allentown" just ensures it won't be mistaken for a Christmas song.
  • "My Hometown", "Youngstown" and "Death to My Hometown" by Bruce Springsteen.
  • A large chunk of Uncle Tupelo's catalog would fit this category.
  • "North Country Blues" by Bob Dylan.
  • "Our Town" by Iris DeMent.
  • "Nobody Gets Off in This Town" by Garth Brooks is a more lighthearted take.
  • "My Little Town" by Simon & Garfunkel, where "nothing but the dead and dying" remain.
  • "Company Town" and "Industrial Town" by The Men They Couldn't Hang.
  • Turns up a lot in the music of Stan Rogers, focusing on small fishing villages in Atlantic Canada, including "Make and Break Harbour" and "Free in the Harbour". "The Idiot" focuses on a young man who left one of these towns to work the oilfields in Alberta.
  • "Town with No Cheer" from Swordfishtrombones by Tom Waits.
  • "Ghost Town" by Shiny Toy Guns, despite its title, is about a Dying Town that hasn't yet reached Ghost status.
  • Similarly, "Ghost Town" by the Specials is about a Dying Town in 1980s Britain full of urban deprivation, violence, and unemployment.
  • "Dry County", by Bon Jovi. The singer moves to the title town (or, at least, county) that springs up when oil is struck. Then the oil abruptly runs out, and he doesn't even have enough money left to get back home.
  • "Trickle Down" by Ani DiFranco deals with the predictable effect that a steel plant's closing has on a small town.
  • "We Can't Make It Here" by James McMurtry uses this as the basis for a Protest Song about 21st-century America.
    Should I hate a people for the shade of their skin
    Or the shape of their eyes, or the shape I'm in?
    Should I hate 'em for having our jobs today?
    No, I hate the men sent the jobs away
    I can see 'em all now, they haunt my dreams
    All lily-white and squeaky-clean
    They've never known want, they'll never know need
    Their shit don't stink and their kids won't bleed
    Their kids won't bleed in their damn little war
    But we can't make it here anymore
  • "Old Coyote Town" by Don Williams.
  • "Blue Collar Town" by David Goldman.
  • "Telegraph Road" by Dire Straits.
  • "Ringling, Ringling" by Jimmy Buffett.
  • "Monopoly on the Blues" by The Hangdogs.
  • "A Howling Dust" by Cormorant has the town (Hornitos, CA) dying towards the end.
  • Randy Newman has a few songs on this topic, ranging from sarcastic ("Burn On") to tragic ("Baltimore," the afore-mentioned "Our Town" from Cars).
  • "Little Man" by Alan Jackson shows a town whose small businesses are dying off because of big chain stores.
  • "Shutting Down Our Town" by Jimmy Barnes is about the closing of the Holden car factory in Barnes' hometown of Elizabeth, South Australia.

  • The town of Dry River in The Adventure Zone: Dust. Formerly called Twin River, before the river dried up. The incorporation into the rest of the Crescent Region, spearheaded by the Mathis and Blackwell clans, is an attempt to avert this. Sheriff Connors' attempt to stop the incorporation by killing Jeremiah Blackwell is his own attempt at saving the town.

    Tabletop Games 
  • New World of Darkness:
    • The sourcebook Ghost Stories has Fort Assumption. When the Babyhead Mine's silver veins played out, the town began to die off.
    • The opening fiction to the Promethean: The Created corebook takes place in a small town with very few members — they need to invite a psychologist in from out of town to interview a suspect. This is because most of the town has moved away — like in Centralia, PA, the coal veins underneath the town have caught fire and been burning for years. And would you believe Frankenstein's Monster did it?

  • The unnamed town of Anyone Can Whistle. It used to make a product that never wore out, and its industry thus became obsolete for failing to manufacture obsolescence. As the play begins, the town's only thriving institutions are municipal corruption and an insane asylum.
  • In the Australian play The Custodians of Culture, a man and his simple-minded friend live in a ghost town that's been abandoned after a highway bypass, going through the pretense that they're its custodians.
  • In the unnamed setting of Urinetown, the town's water supply is about to dry up for good, even with Mr. Cladwell's draconion water sanctions on the poor to prolong its preservation. Mr. Cladwell and his cronies are aware of this inevitability, and secretly make plans to jet off to Rio so they can ensure their own survival.

    Video Games 
  • The title town of Silent Hill is an odd inversion, since in-game dialogue from the first game suggests that Silent Hill might have been a dying town several years before the game takes place, but by the time that the series kicks in, it's a popular lakeside destination for people to go on vacation.
  • No More Heroes: Santa Destroy seems to be this, or closer to the small-town version of Vice City. It is generally portrayed as a derelict, seedy place with a menial population and a notable lack of care for education, infrastructure and culture. It is heavily implied that most of the inhabitants remain there simply because they couldn't leave for one reason or another. In Desperate Struggle, the city has a miraculous recovery thanks to being renovated into a tourist hotspot funded by multiple corporations.
  • The nameless town in the middle of a steppe from Pathologic.
  • Sim Series:
    • The town in MySims seems to be like this when you arrive. In fact, your arrival increases the population by 25%.
    • The early SimCity games, mainly the original and Sim City 2000 feature these as scenarios where you have to help it grow. Of course, you can also build one of these yourself in Sandbox Mode if you so desire.
  • There is one in Mother 3, which eventually becomes a Ghost Town. It's Tazmily Village.
  • In Dreamfall: The Longest Journey, the second game in The Longest Journey series, one discovers that the Venice district of Newport, where April Ryan (the first game's protagonist) lived has been ravaged by technological Collapse. Now, homeless people can be seen on every street, and the apartment complex where April lived is now run-down and used as a base for unscrupulous experiments. In Arcadia, the city of Marcuria has begun this process after the occupation by the Azadi, and their decision to segregate the city's considerable magic-user population and magical beings into ghettos, leaving several parts of the city abandoned.
  • Mars has become this in Mass Effect. According to the in-game codex, it was once considered ripe for terraforming, but mankind essentially lost interest when the Prothean mass relay was discovered and they began to spread across the galaxy and meet other races.
  • Inaba in Persona 4 has shades of this, several stores in the central shopping area are boarded up, with many of the residents blaming Junes (a megastore) for these businesses failing, and several high school NPCs comment that they're ready to jump ship and leave town once they reach college age. It's implied in the Golden Ending that Inaba will recover, and Junes starts working with and supporting the local shops instead of displacing them. Yu comes back a year later for Golden Week in the Updated Re-release and Arena and the place seems fine.
  • Fallout series.
    • Fallout 2
      • The Player Character's tribal village of Arroyo has become one due to a terrible drought, which is what kickstarts their quest when they're sent out to find the Garden of Eden Creation Kit.
      • The town of Modoc, a prosperous farming community, is also dying at the hands of the same drought that's killing Arroyo. You can potentially save it if you help establish an alliance with a nearby people called the Slags, which will allow Modoc to thrive.
      • If you get the best ending for Broken Hills by saving it from a human/mutant race war, it trucks along fairly well...until the uranium mine runs out. Losing its economic foundation, it quickly becomes a Dying Town, and eventually a Ghost Town.
    • Fallout 3:
      • The village of Arefu, which has all of four people left.
      • Andale has a close-knit community of seven, several of whom seem oblivious to the fact that the war happened. Given the... appetites of the locals, there's a reason why not more people move in. For long.
      • Big Town is a small refugee camp where the kids of Little Lamplight who grow too old are banished to, established in some old suburb, there is next to no food or clean water and the town is constantly beset by raiders, slavers, and super mutants.
      • The Capital Wasteland is a dying region, at the start of the game most people just survive and don't really thrive, the topsoil and water supply is lousy with radiation, the region is slowly but surely being overrun by raiders, slavers and super mutants and the Brotherhood of Steel, the only people who can make a difference, have their hands full. Naturally, this being a Fallout game, you can make things much better or doom them to extinction.
    • Fallout: New Vegas:
      • There's Goodsprings, which never truly picked up in the first place. Some endings have the town prospering, or at least gaining a semblance of normalcy while other endings have the town being abandoned by all but the most stubborn for fear of the Legion or massacred and left to die by the Courier.
      • Boulder is one too, having been bombed to hell during the first war with the Legion. Only a bartender and some soldiers are left.
      • Primm too, having hit by bandits recently. The NCR, independent and even some Legion endings resurrect the town to some extent.
      • Novac is in serious danger of becoming this at the start of the game, as a pack of feral ghouls has overrun the old REPCONN test site, the main driving economy of the town. Depending on how the Courier resolves some quests, the town is either abandoned or remain prosperous.
    • Almost every settlement in Fallout4 not named Diamond City, Goodneighbor, or Bunker Hill is this. The player can revitalize this combination of Dying towns and Ghost towns into a thriving network of settlements, through great effort.
  • Final Fantasy VII features two. The town of Corel lays dying after the coal mining industry was shut down in favor of Shinra-backed mako energy and Shinra going back on thier promise to employ the Corel miners in new positions. Even the nearby Gold Saucer Amusement Park has not provided the Corel residents with employment or spillover economic prosperity. The other is the village of Gongaga which was abandoned and left to die after their mako reactor exploded. Also inverted with Rocket Town, where a small and seemingly prosperous settlement has sprung up in only a few years around a derelict space vessel sitting unused on the launchpad.
  • Final Fantasy XV finds the heroes visiting Cartanica, a once-prosperous center of industry in Niflheim. Once the area's natural resources were depleted, the Empire left the entire region to die, leaving behind derelict factories and a severely dimished population.
  • One of the staples in the Rollercoaster Tycoon series is the "save the park" scenario, where you prevent a Dying Theme Park from going bankrupt. The most prominent is the "Renovation" scenario in the "Wacky Worlds" expansion for the second game where you save a Russian theme park. There's a specific set of scenery which is nothing but deteriorated Kremlin pieces made solely for this scenario.
    • Similarly, Zoo Tycoon features a few Dying Zoo scenarios, where you essentially rebuild neglectful zoos from the ground up. Special mention goes to the "Dinosaur Research Island'' scenario in the "Dinosaur Digs" expansion, which is presented as your typical scenario, but later on you "return" to the island in a later scene where all the dinos have escaped and you have to capture the dinos and rebuild their exhibits.
  • Skies of Arcadia gives us the ironically-titled "Esparanza."note  Built by sailors from all over the world, Esparanza was meant to be a port town or headquarters of sorts for sailors who wanted to take a crack at penetrating the seemingly-unpassable Dark Rift. Unfortunately, no one ever passed through the Rift, and everyone who came back from the trip were hollow shells of their former selves. It didn't take very long for the hope to wither...
  • Pyrite Town (and the base camp known as "The Under"), in Pokémon Colosseum was a former mining town, but with its mine dried up, it has fallen into a Wretched Hive.
  • Kakariko Village is basically this in The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, but because most of its inhabitants were killed.
  • Arcanum: Of Steamworks & Magick Obscura has Dernholm. In the backstory, it was the thriving capital of the nation of Cumbria, but when their king suddenly went mad with power and hatred of technology, he dragged Cumbria into a hopelessly one-sided war against the much better-equipped nation of Tarant. When the player arrives at Cumbria in the game proper, it's lost nearly all of its power and prestige, and Dernholm itself is a barely held together village whose people desperately try to survive, but have little hope of doing so due to the king's ever-escalating insanity and his sickeningly depraved Guard Captain. Depending on the player's actions, Dernholm, and Cumbria and general, can begin a slow but sure path to recovery in the epilogue.
  • In Diablo, Tristram was going through this stage during the first game, what with the demonic invasion and slowly being bled dry by a steady wave of heroes drawn to the town by said demonic invasion. Then the town completely flatlined at some point before the second game.
  • Winterhold in Skyrim was once a grand, vibrant city that rivaled Solitude and Whiterun in sheer glamor and splendor. Then an earthquake sent 99.9% of the city (and indeed, the Hold itself) into the ocean. No one knows what exactly caused what became known as the Great Collapse, but many people, including the current Winterhold Jarl, believes that the Mage College is connected somehow. Ironically, the College itself is now the only reason anyone still cares about Winterhold. The replacement Jarl (if the Imperials win the Civil War) recognizes the reality of the situation and wants to foster good relations with the College.
    • Ivarstead is also dying a slow death. One man is reluctant to allow his daughter to go to Riften with her new paramour partly because Ivarstead will have no future if more of the younger generation leaves. The main attraction of Ivarstead is that it is the closest settlement to the mountain where the legendary Gray-beards reside.
  • Syberia: Almost every location Kate travels through appears to be a half-deserted town past its prime:
    • Valadilene was once world-famous for its automaton factory. Since then it seems to have fallen on hard times as the demand for Voralberg automatons decreased and many young people left the town to seek employment elsewhere. Many inhabitants fear that the death of Anna Voralberg may mean the closedown of the factory and the ultimate end of the town.
    • Despite all its grandeur, there appear to be almost no students on the campus of Barrockstadt University. Local stationmaster admits that, while he still remembers days when students would come from all around the world to study in Barrockstadt, he hasn’t seen a train come to the station in a very long time.
  • Rapture in BioShock the entire city has been torn apart by a civil war between Ryan and Atlas, and the only ones left are insane splicers. By the sequel the city is slowly crumbling as the sea starts overtaking it.
  • In After Protocol, when morale drops too low on a planet, your colonists will say Screw This, I'm Outta Here! and abandon the colony.
  • Mamon in Dragon Quest IV (Aktemto in the official NES release) big time, with this mining town going from decline to virtual ghost town status over the course of the game. The apparent cause is a poison gas seeping from the nearby mines, caused by the fact that the demon king Estark was sealed underground beneath the town centuries ago - and the miners had been unwittingly unsealing his prison.
  • Story of Seasons:
  • In the first Etrian Odyssey, as a way of deconstructing 100% Completion, the titular town becomes this if you 100% the game (with people losing interest after Etria's main attraction, the labyrinth, not having any mysteries anymore).
  • The Vanishing of Ethan Carter is set in a small mining town that has been abandoned for well over a decade after a mine collapse killed off its economy.
  • Ghost Port Kolobos in Final Fantasy Brave Exvius isn't quite a Ghost Town yet despite its name, as it does have some permanent residents and a couple of shops, but large sections of the town are falling apart, and everyone makes it clear that the town currently doesn't have long before it's completely abandoned.
  • Night in the Woods is set in Possum Springs, an old blue-collar mining town in the Midwest. The mine's closed up, and the jobs are gone. Nobody there's got any real future, and they all know it. A cult, which worships an eldritch god supposedly living in the mine, hopes that by appeasing their patron deity with sacrifices they can revive the town.
  • Stalwart Village in Pillars of Eternity The White March is in decline due to the Hollowborn epidemic, ogre attacks, and spending what little money they have left on expeditions to restart the legendary White Forge in Durgan's Battery which have yielded no results and are actually provoking the ogre attacks since the ogres see the expeditions as invasions of their territory. Restarting the White Forge at the end of Part I breathes new life into the village as their newfound ability to manufacture Durgan Steel brings in a lot of money and business but puts them at even greater risk in Part II in the form of the colossal golems tasked with killing anyone who discovers the secrets of the White Forge, the Eyeless.
  • Tumbleweed in Red Dead Redemption II was formerly the hub town of its region, until the railroad was routed through the nearby town of Armadillo instead. This, alongside raids by outlaw gangs and an outbreak of cholera, results in the town being completely abandoned by the time of Red Dead Redemption four years later.
  • The town of Hellawes in Tales of Berseria ends up becoming one because of the party. Early on Velvet firebombs the entire port to steal the Van Eltia, the fire spreading out of control ends up sinking the merchant fleet that gave the town its main income, and the wreckage in the bay makes it impossible for anything but smaller ships to get through, utterly crippling its economy. A later incident ends up flooding the town with refugees and having the Abbey cast them off as no longer worth investing resources into, draining any potential the town had to recover.
  • A few examples exist in the Trails Series:
    • North Ambria is a dying nation rather than just one town or city. Decades before the main plot began, a supernatural incident called the Salt Pale disaster occurred. A giant pillar of salt descended from the skies, turning anything it came into contact with into salt. This made a lot of the nation's land uninhabitable, destroyed a lot of infrastructure, and killed a third of its population. During this incident, the Grand Prince in charge of the nation fled, which enraged the citizens enough to start a coup, converting the former principality into a democracy. However, the Salt Pale eroded the soil and made it difficult to farm anything, reducing trade and crippling the economy. To make up for this, former army soldiers converted the military into a jaeger corps to bring in money and have a functioning economy.
    • Jurai is also an example, albeit much less extreme than North Ambria. Jurai used to be a port city, but a massive typhoon ended up destroying its ports and reducing trade, causing an increase in poverty. It also doesn't help that Jurai borders North Ambria, meaning it was indirectly hit by the Salt Pale disaster since Jurai lost a huge trade partner. This gets exploited by Chancellor Osborne, who manages to convince most of Jurai's leaders to let Jurai be absorbed into Erebonia with the promise of new trade. In a case of Villain Has a Point, the epilogue of Cold Steel IV reveals that some citizens of Jurai still want to remain a part of Erebonia even when rumors of reclaiming its independence pop up because of how much Jurai's economy has improved since it was annexed.
  • Suikoden V: Lordlake. Once a beautiful and popular tourist destination in Falena, it was reduced to a scorched, dust-filled hellhole after being declared a pariah city in the aftermath of the Lordlake Incident. Most the original inhabitants left, leaving only the infirm and the stubborn in the city. Fortunately, thanks to the actions of the protagonists during the Godwin war, Lordlake was revived and the population is working hard to restore the place to its former glory.
  • Octopath Traveler: Orewell is said to have been a thriving mining town at some point but by the time the events of the game take place, it's been reduced to a desolated, run-down settlement full of depressed, hopeless townsfolk.
  • It is heavily implied the Slums of Stray used to be vast and sprawling, yet by the time the Cat falls down there the majority have been overrun by parasitic Zurks, with only a scant few pockets still populated by Ridiculously Human Robots.

     Visual Novels 
  • In Higurashi: When They Cry, Hinamizawa would have become this had the dam project gone through. In Saikoroshi-hen's 'Ideal World', the project was approved, emphasizing the fact that while everyone is relatively happier in this world, the True Companions have not been brought together by their respective problems, and will soon be separated for good.

    Web Animation 

    Web Comics 
  • Kirkman's Peak from Bad Moon Rising was a tiny town before the school closed. In the 10 years since, it's been reduced to a handful of residents too stubborn to leave.
  • Unsounded: The Crescian town of Ethelmik began to fail when its mines ran dry, leaving it vulnerable to foreign gangsters like Stockyard Frummagem. At the time of the comic, the citizens are being relocated by the communist State of Cresce, and those who remain are massacred by a rogue Crescian general in a False Flag Operation.

    Western Animation 
  • The Scooby-Doo Show: In "The Beast is Awake on Bottomless Lake", after three weeks of monster sightings, the town of Bottomless Lake, Canada is abandoned (until the gang solves the mystery) except for one obstinate fisherman, a Creepy Gas Station Attendant who wants to leave but has car trouble that he's trying to fix, and a young woman who claims that she left but returned to look for her missing cat.
  • The Simpsons:
    • Springfield is a moderate example. It has a decent-sized population, a lot of amenities, and a good deal of industry. However, flashbacks have shown that the town has taken a considerable fall from the past, where the streets were literally paved with gold, and areas of the city are in deep urban decay and disrepair.
    • Several episodes have shown that the nuclear power plant is basically Springfield's only economic driving force. Several times, Mr. Burns has either shut down or drastically scaled back the plant, and each time, the town has fallen into a recession almost instantly. If the plant ever goes for good, Springfield would go with it.
    • In "Marge vs. the Monorail", Marge visits North Haverbrook, one of the towns Lyle Lanley sold a monorail to, and finds the town has fallen into decay and disrepair after the shoddy monorail Lanley sold them suffered a catastrophic breakdown.

    Real Life 

North America

  • Dubuque, Iowa, similar to Atlantic City, was this before Iowa legalized riverboat gambling. The revenue of the casinos has clearly gone into the city and it is now a popular tourist destination with its renovated historic sites, the nearby Field of Dreams, and ski resort.
  • Big chunks of rural America are filled with places like this. In the 1870s, over 70 percent of the population worked in agriculture. Today, it's around 3 percent or less. This is mostly due to changes in technology of a hundred different kinds: scientific advances have made farmland much more efficient, transportation technology and infrastructure have made it possible to keep food fresh longer and get it farther in that time, machines do the work of multiple people... so all the people who used to work in rural areas now live in suburban or urban areas, so rural areas are now populated much more sparsely than they once were.
    • A lot of small farming towns in the Great Plains feature mostly-boarded-up downtowns and an average population age in the 50's or older. Parts of the (much drier) High Plains fared even worse and completed the transition to full-on Ghost Town.
  • Lots and lots of former factory towns in the Midwest, including most cities around the Great Lakes (the "Rust Belt"). Detroit, Cleveland, Milwaukee, and Pittsburgh are but a few cities whose populations today are half of what they were in the mid-20th century (if that). Even those that have bounced back economically, like Pittsburgh and Milwaukee, still struggle to shed their former image. It's easier to list the exceptions (cities that have never suffered) rather than those that fit:
    • Chicago, despite losing a quarter of its population since its historic 1950 peak, has held up due to sheer size (third largest city in the USA) and a relatively diversified economy.
    • Toronto from being the centre of Canadian finance and media (with a well-timed boost in The '70s from Quebec's strict language laws, which led to an influx of anglophones and businesses from Montreal).
    • Columbus, Ohio, since its economy is heavily tied to The Ohio State University (the largest single college campus in the US) and the state government rather than any specific industry that would be at the mercy of economic trends.
    • Indianapolis definitely fell under this category until the 1970’s when it made the controversial decision to consolidate all of Marion County (with the exception of a few enclaves) into one large city. The result was the middle class who had fled the city to the fringes of the county in the post-war years were again part of the city and this led to more revenue and a revitalization of the downtown area which occurred decades before many other cities followed suit.
  • Many fishing communities in Atlantic Canada were devastated with the collapse and shut down of the cod fishery. In the decades since, few have been able to come anywhere close to recovering as fish stocks continue to struggle.
  • The Detroit area is an incredible example of suburbs that are completely independent of the city they surround.
  • St. Louis, Missouri used to be this before the city created a massive lower-city cleaning program where they cleaned up and cleared out the lower city.
  • Gary, Indiana is a few steps away from being a straight-up Ghost Town—either that, or Indiana's own mini-Detroit. Either way, not exactly an ideal place.
  • Upstate New York, in addition to the usual Rust Belt problems, also had to deal with the loss of the Erie Canal as a viable shipping route after the St. Lawrence Seawaynote  made it obsolete. Rochester was dealt a particularly massive blow around the Turn of the Millennium because its economy was heavily dependent on Kodak, which was lethally slow to adjust to the digital photography revolution. Thankfully, it bounced back due to the tech industry and its thriving arts scene, and just in time, as Kodak filed for bankruptcy shortly after the renaissance. Albany, Ithaca, and to a lesser extent Syracuse also survived due to their universities and, in Albany's case, the state government. Unfortunately, many other upstate cities, like Schenectady, Troy, Binghamton, Rome, Utica, and Niagara Falls, were not so lucky. Even Buffalo, which managed to avoid total decrepitude, still has a lot of examples of post-industrial rot scattered throughout the city, its population having fallen by over half.
  • New England sports several of these — all former textile mill towns whose mills either moved or went bust in the mid-to-late 1900s. Some managed to bounce back (Manchester, Nashua, and Worcester being among the better examples), while others (Springfield, Holyoke, Chicopee, Lawrence, Lowell, Brockton, Lynn, Fitchburg, and Fall River, all in MA, and Pawtucket and Woonsocket, both in RI) never recovered and are nowadays known for being places that one should avoid at all cost. Like the above-mentioned example of Detroit, however, the suburbs are doing very well in spite of the cities that they service; the Merrimack Valley region does very well despite being home to Lawrence, Lowell, and Haverhill (all of which are known for being highly decrepit and crime-ridden) because of its ties to Manchester and Boston, while the same is also true for Agawam, Longmeadow, and the other suburbs of Springfield and Hartford, both of which are among the poorest and most dangerous cities in the entire Northeast.
    • Some areas of Berkshire County in MA can be described as a combination of the above problems of Upstate New York and former industrial New England. While able to transition from textile mills to steelworking, avoiding that same early 20th century decline, eventually the same faults that would come to plague the rest of the Rust Belt would hit the Berkshires as well. This is noticeable mostly in the northern half of the county and Pittsfield, where such industry was concentrated— also because the southern half of the county benefits from the attention of New Yorkers with summer homes around Great Barrington. It isn't necessarily as severe as other examples, though. Despite North Adams having a population on the decline since the 60's, MASSMoCA and the general Berkshire art scene have prevented it from fully crumbling. It also doesn't hurt to have one of the wealthiest and most well-regarded colleges in the nation only a few minutes away. This, however, comes with the caveat of gentrification and a growing divide between new neighbors and pre-existing working class families. Other communitise like county capital Pittsfield aren't nearly as lucky, and many other parts of the already sparsely populated county have been hit rather hard by the Opioid Crisis. It's a weird situation.
    • Although, Lowell isn't as bad off as a lot of them, due to Tourism brought in by Lowell National Historic Park, which preserves the history of Manufacturing in Lowell and the rest of New England, and being the home of one of the state's major Universities, UMass Lowell. It only starts to get rough as you head away from the highway and towards Lawrence.
  • The Niagara Region in Ontario, much like upstate New York across the river, has been in slow decline since the 1970s. There used to be much manufacturing along the Niagara River and Welland Canal, but cheaper products from elsewhere have caused all but a couple of the factories to go bust. The tourist industry took a major hit in 2001 after 9/11, followed by the SARS outbreak, both of which discouraged the usual American tourists from crossing the border. The area now mostly runs on the casinos, wineries, and agriculture.
  • Towns that base their existence on exploiting natural resources often become these when the resource runs out or becomes obsolete. Examples would be the ghost towns in the Western United States, mining towns in Appalachia, and more mining towns in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
  • Some towns that are forcefully evacuated because their national resource makes them toxic.
    • In the present day, Libby, Montana is fighting a valiant fight against falling victim to this, in spite of the massive zonolite/asbestos presence that was once in the town. The Superfund project spent about two decades working to clean up the town and now certain pockets of it are livable, though generations of its residents will still succumb to mesothelioma.
  • Odessa, Texas' economy is directly tied to the dwindling reserves of oil in the area. Not good. Ditto for its Friday Night Lights stand-in, Dillon.
  • Many of the suburbs in the American "Sun Belt" (the southern third of the country, running from Southern California to the Carolinas and Florida) went from Boom Towns to Dying Towns virtually overnight as a result of the 2008 economic collapse. For decades, Americans had been choosing to buy houses somewhere that would be nice, warm, cheap, and sunny to live. Unfortunately, this led to a housing bubble in places that didn't actually have anything else supporting their economic base. Cities like Phoenix, Arizona and Fort Myers, Florida, which were largely nothing but suburbs, have been hit especially hard. Las Vegas survived due to its massive casino-based tourist industry, but it is now surrounded by hundreds of thousands of acres of pre-built tract houses in the middle of the desert that will probably never sell.
  • In California, entire counties have been brought low—Riverside and San Bernardino counties, for example, were marketed as bedroom communities. They were once touted as the affordable alternative to expensive housing in Los Angeles, Orange County, and San Diego. The combination of rising gasoline prices (California's strict emissions standards meant the state already had the highest gas prices in the country, even before prices spiked in the mid-2000s), falling housing prices, and the lack of high-paying local employment created a perfect storm for the region, which now suffers from some of the highest crime and unemployment rates in the nation.
  • One California example, Hinkley, stands out as the location of the tainted water scandal chronicled in Erin Brockovich. After the events of the movie, Pacific Gas & Electric offered buyouts to the residents on the plume. Many chose to cut their losses, to the point that PG&E now owns about two-thirds of the property in the town. The effect on the local economy is unmistakable.
  • In Seattle, during the Boeing Bust of The '70s, there was a billboard near the airport that read "Will the last person leaving Seattle - turn out the lights". It was out of this milieu that grunge emerged. The city turned itself around pretty quickly, however (Starbucks, Seattle's pride and joy, made coffee a luxury simply by tripling the price), the transition largely completed in The '90s.
  • Harvey, Illinois. Home of the Dixie Square Mall (aka the mall from The Blues Brothers), abandoned since 1978. The last portion of Dixie Square Mall was torn down in May 2012. Whether the redevelopment that the city is hoping for actually happens remains to be seen.
  • Sidney, Nebraska. Once a growing city that boasted the headquarters of Cabela's. Once Cabela's was bought out by Bass Pro, a town of 7,000 people lost 2,000 jobs. You do the math.
  • San Antonio, Texas was a dying town for most of the first half of the 20th century. Then it was announced the 1968 World's Fair was going to be held there, leading to a surge in development. The Riverwalk came into being, new downtown hotels were built, a convention center sprung up, downtown was transformed from a sleepy hub of shantytowns to a lively center of activity, etc.
  • Schefferville, Quebec, whose economy was based on iron ore mining. When the mine stopped in 1982, the population dropped from over 5000 to just a few hundred today. The city temporarily lost its legal incorporation status between 1986 and 1990.
  • Many smaller towns in the Pittsburgh area have been severely crippled by the loss of the steel industry in the 1970s, many of which are along the Ohio and Beaver Rivers. Some of these include towns such as Aliquippa, Ambridge, Beaver Falls, New Brighton, Midland, Monaca (though perhaps not as much), and Freedom- and that's just on the western side of the city. Notable exceptions upon the river include Beaver (the seat of Beaver County), Sewickley (lot of old money here), and Moon (the airport). Since 2000, Aliquippa experienced a 20.5% drop in population, and Ambridge lost 10.1%. However, the area may see some revitalization with a Royal Dutch Shell cracker plant showing up in nearby Shippingport in the next year or two.
    • A classic example is Sharon, PA, which was made up almost entirely of manufacturing facilities, including Sharon Steel, est. 1890, and was located very close to Interstate 80. After the Sharpsville Dam was built in the 1950s to control flooding, thus cutting off trade by way of the rivers, Sharon relied on their connection to I-80 to transport goods as well as rail lines that ran by select factories. Steel manufacturing declined due to overseas competition, and manufacturing in general declined until the recent economic recession practically crippled the town. Sharon Steel was closed in 1992, and nearly all physical remnants were removed by 1995.
  • The vacation destination Salton City, California, suffered greatly when the Salton Sea's slow evaporation and increasing salinity killed its ecosystem and destroyed its tourism industry. The city is full of half-completed houses, abandoned buildings, vacant lots, and roads to nowhere. However, the dirt-cheap land eventually created a housing boom in the area in reaction to California's skyrocketing real estate prices. Its 2010 population was triple that of 10 years previous.
  • Cars is actually Truth in Television to a point. Many towns that had historically banked on the steady traffic from Route 66 became this or even died completely, largely due to the emergence of the interstate highway system combined with other socioeconomic factors. Stories like Radiator Springs were and still are tragically common.
  • A non-industrial example is Kalaupapa, Hawaii, which was founded in 1866 as a leper colony. By 1969, Hansen's disease—aka leprosy—was treatable and better understood, so the state ended its forced exile and moved to close the colony. However, many former patients wished to stay since they knew their disfigurements would make returning to normal society all but impossible. As a result, the state closed Kalaupapa to new arrivals but has allowed the former patients to live there for the rest of their lives. As of the 2010 census, less than a dozen of the original patients remain (the rest of the town's 88 residents are state and national park employees). When the last of the now-elderly patients moves or passes away, the state plans on turning the colony into a memorial park.
  • Geographers and Sociologists have studied many American and Canadian towns which have died or shrunk considerably over the past several decades and determined that one by one the following will happen, usually in this order: A major employer closes, major retailers close, the town government dissolves or consolidates with the county, the school closes, the Post Office closes.


  • Many smaller towns on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia were originally founded as Boomtowns for rubber plantations and tin mines during the late 19th and early 20th century; this dependence on single sources of income became their undoing when the price of rubber and, ultimately, tin finally crashed for good, decimating their bread and butter and leading many of its younger talents flocking for greener pastures in larger towns or cities or abroad. The vast majority who chose to stay and contribute to whatever was left of the town's economy are now 50-somethings or older, which is very telling of the future of these towns.
    • State capitals do not fare better either. The Kuala Lumpur-centric nature of the country's economy after independence naturally sent new job seekers gravitating to the national capital and its surrounding satellite towns, or alternately the state capitals of Penang and Johor or Singapore. The scarcity of free land for new development within old town centres would also prompt developers to construct new suburban towns on the outskirts, taking with it long-time townies who simply favour more peace and quiet. It's thus unsurprising to find capitals for lesser-known states suffering from acute urban decay and desolation, even during festive seasons, when people are supposed to be returning to their hometowns.
  • This is an enormous problem in Russia, where there are dozens, if not hundreds, of so-called "single-factory towns". Many of them were built during the mass industrialization in the 1930s and had almost the entire adult population working on some sort of heavy machinery factory or power plant. When the USSR bit the dust, many of the factories were shut down or forcibly bankrupted, leaving entire cities unemployed and rapidly depopulating.
    • A typical example is Yurievets, Ivanovo Oblast. Once home to several factories, currently all are in ruins or disassembled. The population is half of what it once was and below the official minimum to qualify as a town, and survives on subsistence farming and working shifts in neighboring cities. You can often find abandoned houses if you wander in the streets.
  • Former East Germany is infamous for this. Since German reunification, there has been a constant exodus of people from rural areas, small towns, and fairly large cities to move towards the area that was former West Germany. These emigrants are also disproportionately young and women. High rates of unemployment and crime, low salaries, and rising amounts of neo-Nazi activity are all common reasons why people emigrate. It also doesn't help that most of the national economic activity, and large demand for skilled workers, is concentrated along the western parts of the country. What became East Germany wasn't exactly known for being a thriving economic center compared to its western and southern counterparts even before the split. While the trend has reversed recently in the larger and more prosperous areas of the East (Leipzig, Dresden, etc.) or tourist trap towns (Erfurt, Weimar, Potsdam, Stralsund, etc.), the future remains unclear whether the states there would be able to recover demographically.
    • The aforementioned tourism, thanks to the East controlling an impressive half of Germany's world heritage cities, has given some hope in making these smaller cities prosperous once more while everything else is going to rely on immigrants (which may be hard to do given the East's homogeneity) and making young people stay (which may start working given how cheap the east is compared to the increasingly expensive west and south). Leipzig, former East Berlin and Dresden have begun competing for young people with former West Berlin and Munich in this regard by styling themselves as hip, cheap and great for artsy youth or history lovers.
    • A very special case is Kursdorf, a village in the middle of a major airport. As in, between the two landing strips. Understandably, people are leaving and nobody is moving there.
  • This was and to a great extent still is a problem in Britain, which ran its industrial base ragged during the Second World War and was forced to nationalize many heavy industries to prevent their total collapse. Then The '80s happened and things got worse. As mentioned above, if you ever visit one of these towns, do NOT mention Margaret Thatcher.
    • Britain is pretty much what happens when an entire country becomes a dying town. The wealth generated by the old empire is long gone and economic activity is centered mostly in London, with even that starting to run out and die off post-Brexit. Those who could afford to leave for the EU and the economic opportunities there, have all done so.
  • Many coastal towns in Britain began as isolated villages and hamlets until the boom in seaside holidays which started in the middle-late 1800s when the tourist demand caused them to expand into seasonal "must-visit" places based on hotels, boarding houses, and the associated infrastructure. Blackpool, for instance, became a "cheap-and-cheerful" location for nearby industrial cities to send their people on cheap holidays throughout the summer months. This supply-and-demand relationship persisted well into The '50s and The '60s, until rising affluence and the relative ease of overseas travel opened up cheap, attractive, holidays in sunnier hotspots such as Spain. Suddenly, Rhyl or Skegness or Southend did not seem so attractive for a summer holiday. Go to Rhyl in North Wales now and you find a derelict, crumbling, town with most of its grand seafront boarding houses crumbling or turned into homeless hostels, and tired, dated, seedy, attractions which are relics of its former glory.
  • Many capitals when they cease to be one. Especially when they were built from scratch for no other purpose but to serve as a national capital, often (and rapidly) going all the way to Ghost Town — e.g. Karakorum, the capital of the Mongol Empire.
  • Right in the middle of The '70s, for purely political reasons, Polish People's Republic, completely changed its administrative division, going from 17 to 49 voivodeships.note  Suddenly a lot of provincial towns and small cities were elevated to the position of region's capital and gained central investments, mostly into pompous infrastructure. After the fall of communism merely 14 years later, two-step reform was initiated and in 1999, the country was reorganised back into 16 voivodeships. As for the remaining 33 former capitals, most suffered massive population outflow, dwindling their already small population, while the former seats of administration are at best rented out for office spaces - in most cases, they are just boarded up.
  • There are lots of mining towns in the middle of the Australian bush that previously had populations of thousands or even tens of thousands when the mine was especially large. Now, many are completely empty, or have just a few hundred people and a filling station. There are also some towns that had their populations dwindle to almost nothing after trains stopped coming that way.
  • Many towns around the Aral Sea, like Mo‘ynoq, had populations of thousands employed in the fishing industry. Now, due to the Aral Sea shrinking, many of these towns are located miles from the nearest shore; fishing boats and ships lie scattered on the dry land that was once covered by water. Ongoing desertification and unemployment led to depopulation and a decline in living conditions of these who decided to remain.
    • Much of Central Asia suffered this fate centuries ago after the trade routes known as the Silk Road were bypassed by the circum-African seaborne links between Europe and South/East Asia. The overall effect was akin to the fate of towns bypassed by upgraded highways writ large.
  • Many rural communities in Japan that have no tourism to thrive on suffered from heavy population loss. This is mostly caused by the combination of closing of industries, young adults migrating to major cities for career, education, and cultural opportunities, and low birth rates leaving mostly the elder population.
  • There are some towns, such as Haapamäki, in Finland, which were built near some railway route and most people there used to work for VR (the national railway company). Then VR centered things to bigger cities.
  • In Armenia, there are a lot of these outside of the capital Yerevan. Towns devastated by the 1988 earthquake in the north have it the worst, although most of the buildings have been rebuilt. Other towns that were big tourist spots in Soviet times like Dilijan have seen business dry up since independence from the Soviet Union. And villages along the border with Azerbaijan have shrunk due to the dangers posed by ceasefire violations in the ongoing conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh/Artsakh. People from small villages across the country are leaving in large numbers to the cities, or worse, to Russia or the US.
  • This is a major problem in some regionsnote  of Spain as villages and towns are depopulated by young people who move to the cities looking for employment and a better life, leaving mostly elderly people behind.


Video Example(s):


Seaside by the Seashore

Arlo discovers his dad's old boardwalk home in Brooklyn, Seaside by the Seashore, which is scheduled to be demolished and replaced with an expansion.

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Main / DyingTown

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