A form of Straw Character, this trope is often specific to black characters.
These characters are often very far to the left of the political spectrum, and usually militant. These black radicals or activists are depicted as a bunch of hypocritical, irrational, paranoid, unreasonable, lazy, bigoted, race-card-playing, conspiratorial raving loons. Even within black TV shows and movies, they're very rarely depicted as respectable or intelligent people whose opinion is of any real merit. When it comes to black TV and films, this could be an attempt by some black writers to subvert the stereotype of black people agreeing with these particular views. In the process, they ended up creating a Straw Character.
The Trope Namer is Malcolm X, who achieved fame during the American civil rights movement for his aggressive and hard-line views on race; this trope usually involves the Theme Park Version of his actual views, warped and exaggerated for the sake of parody or to serve the author's own viewpoint. Ironically, most of the early examples of this trope are subversions, with the more modern iterations essentially being a parody of a parody. Worth noting also is that many of the earliest examples of this trope actually predate Malcolm X by a fair bit.
The trope can also apply to activists of other races or categories (including fictional ones) whose ideology is modeled on this character type. A common variation is to have the Malcolm Xerox contrasted with a more 'reasonable', less radical alternative activist, who tends to be similarly patterned off of Martin Luther King Jr.; as with Malcom X, this comparison tends to involve an oversimplification of King's views.
Compare with Angry Black Man.
- Fisher Tiger from One Piece is a rare Japanese example, as well as a rare three-dimensional example. He raises a pirate crew of former fishman slaves and espouses their races' superiority in response to humans (and specifically the Celestial Dragons') discrimination against them. Ultimately, he is killed because his hatred of humans runs so deep that he refuses to accept treatment for a mortal injury because the only blood available for a transfusion is human blood. To really drive the point home, he is contrasted with the queen of Fishman Island, Otohime. While Fisher Tiger believes that the differences between humans and fishmen are irreconcilable and they must live separately, Queen Otohime tried to encourage cooperation between the two races. Both ended up assassinated for their trouble as well: Fisher Tiger after being betrayed by a human village to whom he returned a captured slave, and Otohime by a fishman pirate who wanted to stoke anti-human hatred. Fittingly enough, Tiger's played by the African-American Gabe Kunda in the Funimation English dub.
- Dian in Jewelpet (2009) was, in his backstory, a Jewelpet supremacist who wanted to free his kind from humans, thinking that they were taking advantage of their good will and superiority (being magical creatures). He led a rebellion, but it was suppressed and he was banished and sealed for hundreds of years. When he is unsealed again, he has Motive Decay and only wants revenge.
- The character of Muhammad X from the Superman comics, a superhero in his own right who protects Harlem. He harasses Superman over his perceived neglect of the black community, and the damaging psychological effect of dependency on an all-powerful alien with white skin. Superman attempts to convince him that he can be a hero to all races, but fails, and the two part ways on rather bitter terms.
- Aquaman's arch nemesis Black Manta, whose motivation was to conquer Atlantis so he could slaughter the inhabitants and make the kingdom a haven for black people who'd been so repressed on the land. Or so he says - he's shifted goals multiple times and has outright stated he's just pretending to do this in order to get funds and men. He really just wants money and to see Aquaman dead.
- A 1960s Little Annie Fanny comic, satirizing the ideological conflict between MLK Jr.'s and Malcolm X's followers, ends with "Marvin X" and his followers donning surplus Nazi uniforms and "Marvin" shouting "We must build a superior race! Let the liquidations begin!" At this, the unnamed MLK Jr. stand-in, whom Marvin's ship had rescued from the ocean, swims off saying, "I think I'll take my chances with the sharks."
- Magneto is often read this way, though he's white and Jewish and doesn't really care about black people (unless they also happen to be mutant). Loooong ago in The '60s he was a generically evil villain who wanted to destroy humans because he believes mutants are superior, but by The '70s he'd been retooled with a more well-rounded characterization: when his past is revealed, we find he was a Holocaust survivor and believed that the growing hatred for mutants by humans would eventually mean a repeat, leading to a couple decades of leading to him going too far with his methods of "protecting" and "ensuring the future" of mutantkind. He's therefore more of a analogue to Meir Kahane of the Jewish Defense League than Malcolm X, and even uses Kahane's motto of "Never Again" to justify his position, even though he and Professor X are compared to Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, with oppression against mutants as a parallel to oppression of minorities.
- The Spike in X-Force is a stereotypical militant Angry Black Man who accuses everyone of race at every opportunity for purely careerist and publicity reasons.
- Commando X in Static was an early villain. He started off as a vigilante who attacked white supremacists before he Jumped Off The Slippery Slope and started attacking innocent Jews because he blamed "Jewish network executives" for his TV show being cancelled. This is actually an Invoked Trope: his character is used to address the troubled relationship between Jews and Black people in cities like Dakota, and to show Static the dangers of extremism.
- "Jabari Jabari Binko" in an early Boondocks strip is a parody of this trope, meant to be an inversion of Jar Jar Binks' offensive racial stereotyping.
- The Secret Life of Pets plays this trope for laughs by portraying Snowball the (white, ironically enough) bunny as the animal equivalent of this, militantly devoted to overthrowing humans throughout most of the movie. Bonus points for being voiced by African American actor Kevin Hart.
- Willie Stevens from Hangin' with the Homeboys.
- Sharif from Menace II Society, though he's not depicted badly so much as he is just disregarded by his troubled criminal friends. Although there's a lot of cynicism that can be picked up from the way the character is written, especially how other characters treat him (even his dad!).
- Subverted in Chasing Amy by Hooper X, a comic book artist character who used this trope, playing a proud Nubian and Straw Character when promoting his comic book; but was in fact a flamboyant homosexual.
- A straight example from Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back is the Bluntman and Chronic director, though he is played by Chris Rock, who has spent his career lampooning these kinds of characters. Ironically enough, his name is also Chaka Luther King and instead of being an activist, he was merely an Pointy-Haired Boss to his white assistants.
- The Mau Mau gang from Spike Lee's Bamboozled. They fit the "hypocrisy" aspect of this character. The Mau Maus angrily denounce the Blackface entertainers with "Painted faces, disgrace to the races!" - but they are, in their own way, just as buffoonish as what they condemn. And they're even more hypocritical when they execute one of the show's performers while wearing some of the "Mantan" Halloween masks they so despise (which makes them Dirty Cowards as well).
- Buggin' Out from Do the Right Thing. Many of the other characters are angry about race issues as well, which is kinda the point of the movie.
- The Wayans brothers like the comedic version of this trope, with the addition that the more outspokenly Afrocentric the character is, the more obsessed he is with banging white chicks — most notably in I'm Gonna Git You Sucka and Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood.
- Mitch Mullany's The Breaks includes a scene reminiscent of I'm Gonna Git You Sucka when the main character, Derrick, attends a spoken word performance. After a dreadlocked black man recites an angry Afrocentric poem, the hostess says, "Thank you very much, Stokely Ungawa, and your lovely wife, Betsy..." at which point the camera cuts to the same poet, embracing a very WASPy looking blonde.
- Martin Lawrence plays an especially obnoxious example of this trope in National Security.
- Dave Chappelle playing "Conspiracy Brother" as a comedic subversion of this in Undercover Brother. Chappelle did a riff on this trope nine years earlier, as Achoo in Robin Hood: Men in Tights. His speech is taken word-for-word from Malcolm X's line about Plymouth Rock "landing on" the Africans, not the other way around.
- A blink-and-you'll-miss-him background character who shows up twice in Across the Universe. First during a war protest in New York City, mixed in amongst the crowds, and later can be seen in Paco's office, as another sign of Paco's increasing extremism.
- The 1997 remake of 12 Angry Men recasts the bigoted Juror #10, a white man in the original version, as one. In this version, the defendant is a Hispanic boy, and the juror seems to be angry that the boy's "kind" is "outbreeding" his own people. A conversation he has with Juror #6 implies that he was kicked out of the Nation of Islam because they considered him to be a tad too intense.
- Zeus from Die Hard with a Vengeance definitely qualifies. In fact, Samuel L. Jackson researched the role to look and act exactly like Malcolm X himself. He gradually drifts into more sensible territory as the movie progresses, though.
- Played straight and subverted with Marcus in Airheads, who accuses Rex and Milo of being racist, but has no clue who Rodney King is.
- Jeriko One in Strange Days is a combination of Malcolm X and Tupac Shakur. Given the fact that he's murdered by racist cops, he might have a point.
- The Enforcer has a black militant group based on both the Black Panthers and the Symbionese Liberation Army.
- The Afrocentrists in PCU.
- Dear White People: Sam serves as a female version, though she mellows over the course of the film.
- Fudge from Higher Learning is a sixth year senior at the university. He's really smart, and knows enough about Black history to teach the class at the university. However, he's still in school because he'd rather use his Everything Is Racist philosophy as an excuse to be lazy. Malik turns into this as the movie goes on, using his school assignments as a soapbox for poorly thought-out rants about America's racist history, criticizing his black professors for giving him bad grades for subpar work, and bullying his white roommate into becoming a Neo-Nazi. The movie as a whole is a deconstruction of this trope: this attitude is the result of legitimate frustration of America as a whole trying to pretend that racism is over with, but in turn causes racial tensions to boil over.
- Black Panther (2018) gives us both Killmonger and his father N'Jobu. N'Jobu was a Wakandan spy in America who became disillusioned with his home country after witnessing the plight of African-Americans suffering from racism and Wakanda's refusal to help due to it's isolationist policies. As a result, N'Jobu helped Klaue steal vibranium in exchange for advanced Wakandan technology to empower oppressed minorities so they can fight back and get better treatment, until his brother King T'Chaka caught wind of it and killed him. Years later, Killmonger takes his father's goals further by attempting to take over the Wakandan throne and using his power to ship Wakandan technology to spies all over the globe in an effort to overthrow all the world's governments and establish a new world order where the Wakandans and other black people rule over everyone else. When N'Jobu meets Killmonger again in the spirit plane, even he's shocked by the lengths his son is going to.
- Fort Apache: The Bronx (1981). The detectives are trying to work out who shot two police officers (actually murdered by an insane prostitute). Note that when they do decide to arrest the Bronx People's Party for interrogation, it leads to a large demonstration outside Fort Apache, implying the locals have a different view.
Detective: What's this South Bronx People's Party that keeps comin' up?
Detective 2: They're disco revolutionaries. You know what I mean? They got federal money to open a storefront on Fox Street. They make a lot of hate-cop noises. They preach armed revolt but they spend most of their time ballin' white chicks from Scarsdale.
- Diamond Dog, one half of the Big Bad Duumvirate in Con Air is a black supremacist that went to jail for multiple murders, including bombing a NRA convention. Downplayed in that, despite believing white people to be evil, he is fairly amiable towards his Caucasian colleagues outside of occasionally referring to them as "hillbillies". He also doesn't mind partnering up with an white racist like Cyrus the Virus, though he observes this is merely out of pragmatism.
- Ras the Exhorter from Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man. Ras is a black separatist who uses inflammatory rhetoric and violence to get his point across, which causes no end of trouble for Ellison's Author Avatar. He directly contrasted to the Brotherhood (a stand-in for the American Communist Party), who are a well-meaning, but ineffectual group of Whites who actually harbor obliviously racist views.
- Guitar Baines of Song of Solomon becomes a particularly dark version of this as he grows up. His intelligence and eloquence is warped by his deep hatred of white people, which he attempts to rationalize with a disturbing scientific rhetoric that recalls the real life eugenics movement. He eventually joins the Seven Days, whose goal is to kill a random white person any time they hear of a black person who is killed by a white person.
- The X-Man from Minister Faust's superhero novel From the Notebooks of Doctor Brain. Played straight until the ending, when it's revealed pretty much all his paranoid delusions about The Man are true.
- An interesting example from youth literature is Axon Befal from the Green-Sky Trilogy. The Erdlings are Ambiguously Brown, and the decendants of exiled Kindar (Kindar being the race with "privledges"). When this all is revealed and the Erdlings are freed from their imprisonment Beneath the Earth, Befal is preaching for violent retribution against the Kindar, including those ignorant of the Erdling's existence. Most Erdlings want nothing to do with him and consider him a criminal. In the game, his "wand" (a machete) makes the game Unwinnable if you use it on anything other than briar bushes.
- The fictionalized Black Muslim street preacher Abdul Sufi Hamid from Mumbo Jumbo by Ishmael Reed fills this role, meant to illustrate Reed's criticisms of Black Nationalism. He's a Straw Hypocrite parody of the Real Life preacher Sufi Abdul Hamid, who himself was perhaps the Ur-Example of this trope in Real Life.
- The Mental State has 'Little Mickey' Crane, a black inmate who harbours a deep and abiding hatred for white people. He lobs racial slurs at the Caucasian inmates like hand-grenades and bullies the other black inmates into joining his vendetta. Most of the black inmates actually could not care less about racial differences, and only side with him because his brother is the biggest and strongest of all the prisoners. He even plans to persecute the white inmates once he gets elected Prisoner Representative.
- The bespectacled character Fess from Kristin Hunter's The Soul Brothers and Sister Lou is an up-and-coming teenage militant in this mold. "You haven't seen the light, Little Sister. You need to be indoctrinated."
- In For Want of a Nail, an 1972 Alternate History book, Philip Harrison fits this trope well. He's the founder of Black Justice, and he wants to wage war against the other races as well hoping to found a separate state for black people.
- Sam McAndrews in the Nantucket Trilogy. He joins the renegade Walker in the hopes of finding and aiding the current "black" civilization. After arriving in Egypt, he is rather disillusioned, and plans to found a civilization of his own in present-day Sudan.
- A Different World: Terence Taylor, to a T. He grew up in Germany with his white mother, but as soon as he hit Hillman's all-black campus, he began dressing in long wool coats and bedazzled fez hats, frequently talking about his new-found faith, The Man, and how to uplift the black community. Played for comedy, the show being a sitcom and all. In the middle of one impassioned speech, Dwayne Wayne calls him a "Microwave Muslim."
- Martin: The episode "The Snow Bunny" features one of these. When the gang takes a trip to a ski lodge, Pam brings along new boyfriend Tashim, who dresses like a Black Panther and throughout the episode makes snide comments about/towards Tommy's guest, a white woman. This is played entirely for comedy, because Tashim's militant stance is absurd to the extreme. In one scene, as everyone is heading out to the slopes, Tashim carries a spray can. When asked why, he answers that he plains to paint as much of the snow black as he can. And at the episode's end, Tashim approaches the white woman, menacingly telling her, "I've got something to say to you", as if he's going to say something really rude and racist, while she snaps, "I've got something to say to you too", as if she's fed up with his rudeness. Sure enough... they leap into each others arms and start making out.
- A decent number of black characters from Law & Order qualify. Basically, if there's a black prosecutor/lawyer/defendant/minister/activist/etc. opposing the lead cast, s/he is likely to hit at least some parts of this trope and Angry Black Man.
- Specifically defense attorney Shambala Green. Although not as over the top.
- Paul Robinette when he became a defense attorney.
- Defense attorney Carl Halpert, defense attorney Jerome Bryant... (notice a pattern here?)
- Then there's Congressman Eaton, a terrible Al Sharpton Expy.
- Perhaps most notorious is the Reverend Ott, who incites a riot in an episode based on the Crown Heights riots.
- One episode of Angel had Gunn pose at this to create a distraction for Angel to break into Wolfram and Hart. Evil's only weakness: political correctness!
"Y'all can cater to the demon, cater to the dead man! But WHAT! ABOUT! THE BLACK! MAAAAN?!"
- Ahmad Zaire from The Parent 'Hood.
- Rev. Darnell Potter, a fairly transparent copy of the Rev. Al Sharpton, in Blue Bloods. Not only is he a demagogue, an accessory to murder, a crook, a hatemonger and a liar, he's waging a motiveless war on the NYPD to boot. He even quotes Malcolm X once or twice.
- Senator Clay Davis in The Wire manages to fool most of Maryland into thinking he is this guy, the best example being his Glurge Unleaded defense speech in court. In reality he's an embezzling, selfish, corrupt piece of sheeeeeeeeeeeit...
- Awesomely nuanced in a New York Undercover episode "The Reckoning", with a Nation of Islam minister (Minister Malik) who shows heavy shades of this, BUT is also very fleshed out and humanized. Even giving him a sweet moment towards the end of the episode when a young black kid approaches him on the street and tells him "I'm ready to be a man" and Malik smiles and nods, then says "Then you will be".
- Averted with Kareem Said in Oz. He is a Black Nationalist, but he's also a pacifist trying his best to reform the prisoners who follow him, and is even willing to work with white inmates and the prison administration in pursuit of doing what he thinks is right. Subverted with "Supreme Allah" (real name Kevin Ketchum — he never legally changed it) in season 4: he preaches about black supremacy, but all he's really interested in is selling drugs.
- Parodied with Chris Rock's character Nat X on Saturday Night Live. He's so black, he urinates oil! He's so black, that when he went to night school, the teacher marked him absent.
- Michael Evans on Good Times. Nicknamed the "Militant Midget" by his family, he once declared that he preferred Cream of Wheat to oatmeal because "at least they got a black man on the box!"
- One of the two villains in the Law & Order: Criminal Intent episode "Cuba Libre."
- Parodied in Goodness Gracious Me with the character of "Malkit X", an Indian man who insists that everything around him is a calculated and deliberate insult to his race.
- The Brotherhood in the Adam-12 episode, "The Militants" LOG 76.
- In the "Lamont Goes African" episode of Sanford and Son, Lamont embraces his African heritage, starts wearing a dashiki and deems "Lamont" to be a slave name and gives himself the name "Kalunda".
- On Everybody Hates Chris, one Christmas the father was low on money, and happens across a stall advertizing Kwanzaa as a non-commercial option for Christmas. Chris' brother really gets into this, and according to the voiceover he still celebrates it in his adulthood and refuses to talk to white people on the day, including his white wife.
- Played with on Scandal. During the episode, The Lawn Chair, Olivia (having been hired by the police to handle the optics of a fatal shooting of a black teenager by a white cop) comes into conflict with Marcus Walker (a civil rights black neighborhood activist). She admonishes him for using the shooting as a boost to his political ambitions, but he throws it right back in her face by spewing allegations of her betraying the "community", pointing out her commitment to getting a white republican elected president twice and for her high class-status which distances her from the people in this community. The ultimate implication is that his accusation has more to do with class than race, since as a wealthy, successful black woman, she cannot entirely relate to the poor black community she's just walked into.
- A two-parter on Friday Night Lights has Coach Mac make some ignorant comments about the natural abilities of black players versus white players that spark controversy and create tension between the white and black students. Smash, who was the one the comments revolved around in the first place, doesn't think it's that big a deal until his black activist girlfriend Waverly convinces him that Mac needs to be fired, especially after Mac botches his apology press conference. So Smash leads all the black players on a protest where they refuse to play in the team's next playoff game until Mac is fired. When Coach Taylor makes it clear he won't fire Mac (who clearly isn't a hateful man and actively struggles with the prejudices passed onto him by his father) and will just use JV players to fill the roster holes, Smash considers ending the protest so the black players won't put their college football scholarship prospects at stake. However, Waverly tells him not to do it and it doesn't matter if the players ruin their futures if it's for the cause. Eventually, Smash's mother gets fed up with her and tells Smash that the protest isn't going to prove anything to the racists in Dillion and that the best way for him and the other players to do is to play, get their scholarships and college degrees, and become successful adults to prove the racists wrong and inspire future generations.
- On Dear White People, Joelle briefly dates Trevor, who seems like a caring and intelligent guy, until she finds out that he falls into this trope, thinks her friends are fake activists, and on top of that is a raging homophobe and sexist.
- In the final season of Promised Land, the character LT epitomizes this even though he doesn't quote Malcolm X often, if at all, seeing racism as the reason behind basically everything someone says or does. He eventually gets over it, even becoming friends with the white Josh (the main family's oldest son).
- ER's Dr. Cleo Finch went through a period where she saw racism as the reason behind any reprimand she or any other African-American physician received. Boyfriend Benton inadvertently insinuates that she's overcompensating for being biracial.
- Though he's outgrown it now, Dre of Blackish was a standout example of this during his duration at the famously black Howard University.
College!Dre: Peace God. I go by the title Yusef Supreme Justice Allah. And I want to first say that the Black man is the true Asiatic Nubian. I speak to the masses of those who are deaf, dumb, and blind to knowledge of self and wisdom.Present!Dre: ...College was a very confusing time for me.
- The original Nation Of Domination in USWA were a parody of this trope, made up primarily of white wrestlers like Tracy Smothers, led by White Rappers PG-13 with a white manager who went by "Randy X". There were two or three back wrestlers at most during the stable's entire run, who one got the impression the whites were trying to impress. For better or worse, the WWF seemed to miss the joke when they took in the group, since they increasingly had them play the trope straight until The Rock, who had been in USWA for a minute and was uncomfortable with what The Nation had become, took control.
- Faarooq (nee Ron Simmons), during his time as leader of The Nation of Domination stable in the WWF. Well, without the lazy part, and with a whole lot more violent tendencies. Clarence Mason, the Nation's attorney/manager was this trope combined with a parody of Johnnie Cochran.
- Theodore Long, specifically when he was running his "Thuggin N Buggin Enterprises" faction with clients like D'Lo Brown, Rodney Mack, Mark Henry, and Jazz. Though he toned it down once he became the fan-favorite SmackDown GM. Coincidentally, Brown and Henry were former members of the Nation.
- In Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, there's a ped in the San Fierro section that fits this trope. He's even wearing a kente cloth dashiki and hat.
- Captain SNES: The Game Masta has Braveshroom, who varies between this and a parody of William Wallace, depending on the situation, fighting for mushroom rights against human and koopa oppressors. He even gives a parody of the same speech parodied in the pagequote (Super Mario landed on us!).
- ''Sinfest's earlier strips occasionally did blaxploitation parodies with this trope in full effect.
- Dewey from The Boondocks is a hypocritical counterpart to Huey Freeman, who takes "down wit' the struggle" much further than even Huey by reading poetry, wearing capris, headwraps and sandals, even going as far as to become a Muslim...and yet he doesn't even know the basic Islamic greeting. Huey Freeman is this trope parodied, deconstructed, and reconstructed. He's a self-described domestic terrorist, the founder of several (and mostly defunct) Black revolutionary organizations and a newspaper, is frequently seen quoting figures like Karl Marx and Elijah Muhammad, and engaging in activities like organizing a strikes and protests, all despite the fact that he's 10 years old. He has a tendency to destroy people's fun because of his conpiracy theories and being dead serious all the time, but in the context of the show, he's almost always Properly Paranoid. No one listens to him though, because, you know, he's 10 years old.
- Chef during the town flag controversy (fittingly called 'Chef Goes Nanners') in South Park, right down to becoming Muslim and changing his "slave name" into a long, pseudo-Arabic one which no longer fit on his apron, so that he had to have someone follow him around, bearing a sign with the rest of his new name.
- Sideshow Raheem from The Simpsons.
- An early episode of Family Guy had Peter discover that one of his ancestors had been a black slave who was owned by the Pewderschmidts, the family his in-laws belong to. As a result, Peter briefly becomes this trope, dressing in traditional African robes and insisting that everyone call him by his new black name, "Kishwa". However, when his father-in-law Carter offers to pay reparations (read: cuts him a check for $20,000), Peter just drops the whole thing.
- Legends of Chamberlain Heights has Malik, the brother AND father of main character Grover. Malik is a huge fan of the original Malcolm X, admonishes his brothers Grover and Montrel (a basketball-obsessed wannabe and a pot smoker respectively) for affirming black stereotypes, constantly spouts anti-white rethoric, and targets his drug-dealing business exclusively to the "white devil" in the hopes of making them self-destruct. The kicker? Malik is 8 years old!
- The Young Justice incarnation of Black Manta has elements of this, although significantly downplayed from the comic version.