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Du gamla, Du fria...

Descreebed Svedée Here-a! Børk børk børk!

The country of hot blondes, disgusting fish and majestic møøse.

OK, that's not totally true. Only half the population is actually blond, though most have the usually associated blue eyes. Moose, on the other hand...

Swedish-made cars in other countries often have their lights on all the time. This is mandated by Swedish law, due to the country's latitude.

Sweden (Swedish: Sverige), officially known as the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige), is a Northern European country, by far the most populous Nordic country with more than 10 million people, and a democratic monarchy, with King Carl XVI Gustaf holding the ceremonial crown and about eight different political parties in parliament, depending on popular vote. The monarch is required to be a Protestant (Lutheran). The country also has equal rights for both sexes when it comes to inheriting the throne, having a woman, Crown Princess Victoria as heir apparent.note  For much of the 20th century, Swedish politics has been dominated by the centre-left Social Democrats, though their influence has waned in recent years. Tage Erlander, the Prime Minister from 1946 to 1969, holds the record for being the longest-serving leader of a democracy. Sweden is also notable as being the first country to completely outlaw corporal punishment of children, with parental rights being removed in 1966, and explicitly banning corporal punishment in the schools and homes in 1979, with an amendment to the Parenthood and Guardianship Code, reading: "Children are entitled to care, security and a good upbringing. Children are to be treated with respect for their person and individuality and may not be subjected to corporal punishment or any other humiliating treatment."


Was one of the first countries in the world to have a telegraphy line, with a line entering use in 1796. This, however, led to Sweden being reluctant to adopt electrical telegraphy, which explains why Sweden's (and the world's) last commercial semaphore line ceased operation in 1880, some forty years after the electrical telegraph had entered commercial use. A few decades later, Sweden became an early adopter of telephones, much thanks to an industrialist named Lars Magnus Ericsson, with Johan Ullman's prototypes leading to the development of Bluetooth wireless headset technology.

A 1973 bank robbery in Stockholm, later cinematized as Norrmalmstorg, was the Trope Namer for the Stockholm Syndrome.


0 to 60 in under a second, missiles to deal with air rage—the Swedish military

Sweden, having had to deal with a possible threat from Nazi Germany and later the Warsaw Pact, used to have a pretty advanced military, because it remains militarily neutral (the idea being that military neutrality is only credible if your military does not rely on one side or the other for vital equipment). Sweden had a form of conscription, but as fewer people were conscripted the last decade, and only volunteers could go abroad, it was scrapped in 2010 and brought back again in 2017. Sweden tends to get involved in peacekeeping a lot.

Sweden's main rifle is the AK-5, a more rugged version of the FNC.

Sweden's best known military company was also a car company- Saab- although the car arm went to GM years ago and has since disappeared. Saab is best known for its fighter aircraft, but does other stuff too. The most recent of these is the JAS 39 Gripen ("Gryphon"/"Griffin"), first known for crashing twice at public exhibition flights, later as one of the world's best new fighters that is not the F-22, it's in service with six countries and others have it on order or are looking at it. It can land on public roads, and is known for being the most fuel-efficient modern fighter jet (this being relative; all jets guzzle lots of fuel).

See Swedes with Cool Planes for more information.

True or false

Polar bears: False. Though there are Brown Bears occasionally attacking people.

Eskimos: False. The closest one can find is the Sami people, who have been described as the European counterpart to the Native Americans (though they don't look all that different from other Europeans; they're related to the Finns).

Nymphomania: Mostly false (see below)


Throughout history, educated Swedes have tended to be very good at the language of the dominant Western power (such as Latin during the Middle Ages, French from the 16th century, German from the 19th century, English from the middle of the 20th century on). There are some weak spots however, like voiced versus voiceless consonants, the distinctions being all but absent in Swedish. Swedish speakers tend to use voiceless consonants, but usually spell the words correctly.

Famous Swedes

Sweden has produced a lot of famous actors, several of whom have done Fake Russian at some point in the career (i.e. Lena Olin in Alias- the Derevko sisters are played by a Swede, an Italian (whose mother was Swedish, too) and a Brazilian). Greta Garbo and Ingrid Bergman are the most famous. Sweden was also home to the celebrated stage and film director Ingmar Bergman (no relation to Ingrid). As a rule, the most famous Swedes tend to become Monegasque (citizens of Monaco) for purposes of tax evasion.

  • Peter Stormare is famous for having played characters from many European countries in American productions, including Germany, Iceland, Russia and Norway, but never from Sweden. He does speak a bit of Swedish in Minority Report and The Lost World: Jurassic Park though.
  • Stellan Skarsgård is another Swede who has played Fake Russian roles (he plays one in The Hunt for Red October and Rōnin), but he's taken a variety of roles. His son Alexander has had US success with Generation Kill and True Blood. Another son of his, Bill, has found success on Hemlock Grove and It (2017).
  • Dolph Lundgren is (in)famous for appearing in second/third-rate action movies, like Universal Soldier and Masters of the Universe, though he's probably still most famous as Ivan Drago (also a Fake Russian) from Rocky IV. He also has a master's degree in chemical engineering and a second degree black belt in karate.
  • Max von Sydow has appeared in some 140 movies since his debut in 1949. Among his more famous parts are Antonius Block, the knight who plays chess with Death in The Seventh Seal; Jesus in The Greatest Story Ever Told; Father Merrin in The Exorcist; Joubert in Three Days of the Condor; Karl Oskar in The Emigrants; Emperor Ming in Flash Gordon; Blofeld in Never Say Never Again; Judge Fargo in Judge Dredd, Director Burgess in Minority Report, and Esbern is The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim.
  • Ann-Margret was born Ann-Margret Olsson in Stockholm, the daughter of Anna (née Aronsson) and Gustav Olsson, a native of Örnsköldsvik. She and her parents moved to the United States when she was five. She grew up to become a popular singer, dancer and actress, starring in films like Bye Bye Birdie, Viva Las Vegas, Kitten with a Whip, The Cincinnati Kid, Carnal Knowledge and Magic.
  • ABBA is still the most famous Swedish band, but there are many others. Sweden is the world's third largest exporter of music after the US and the UK, possibly because of the combination of assimilation of those countries' modern musical traditions and the easy access to free music instruction. Other Swedish bands/musicians include rock bands like Europe, A-Teens, The Hives and The Cardigans, as well as pop groups like Ace of Base and The Sounds and singers like Neneh Cherry. Sweden is also home to many Metal bands (see below). Sweden's hip hop scene has also gained time in the spotlight in recent years as their biggest names - Yung Lean and the Drain Gang collective (composed of Bladee, Ecco2K, Thaiboy Digital, Yung Sherman and Whitearmor) in particular - have popularized the so-called "cloud rap" style by bringing a more free-form, melancholic take on trap music.
  • Owing to its keen interest in music, Sweden has one of the most distinguished records at the Eurovision Song Contest, having won it six times (one behind Ireland), with such winners as ABBA (Brighton 1974), Per, Richard and Louis Herrey (Luxembourg 1984), Carola Häggkvist (Rome 1991), Charlotte Nilsson-Perelli (Jerusalem 1999), Loreen Talhaoui (Baku 2012) and Måns Zelmerlöw (Vienna 2015), with the latter two earning the second- and third-highest scores in the contest's history, respectively.
  • The three most famous Swedes in the field of the sciences are probably Carl von Linné (Carolus Linnaeus), the creator of the sexual system of plant classification, Anders Celsius, father of the Celsius temperature system, and Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prizes and inventor of dynamite.
  • Swedes dominated the first influx of European talent into the North American hockey leagues in The '70s, with many becoming stars in the WHA, while Börje Salming became the first Swedish star in the NHL (which was more reluctant to bring in European players). Swedish stars in the NHL have included Håkan Loob, Tomas Sandström, Peter Forsberg, Nicklas Lidström, and Henrik Zetterberg, among many others. The "Tre Kronor" (Three Crowns) - the Swedish national team - has emerged as a hockey power in international competition.
  • Sweden has also produced a good number of top golfers, especially for a country with a northern climate. Undoubtedly the greatest of the bunch was Annika Sörenstam, winner of over 70 events on the LPGA tour in the Statesnote , including 10 major championships, and the tour's all-time leading money winner when she retired.
  • Sweden is also famous for Volvo and IKEA, the former a car which always has its headlights on (per Swedish law) and the latter a flat-pack furniture store that is a day out in itself. Sweden is also home to another famous car company, SAAB. However, two international car manufacturers in such a small country as Sweden makes the sales a bit shaky, and the company has changed hands approximately every 20 years since being funded in the late 1940s. Other well-known Swedish companies include H&M, a clothing retailer known as "the IKEA of fashion"; it originally was only women's clothing but has expanded to men and children and even home goods. SKF, an abbreviation for "Swedish Ball-bearing Manufacturing" makes bearings and related products for just about every kind of rotating equipment from roller skates to wind turbines, and actually founded Volvo (Latin for "I roll") as a subsidiary, before splitting it off. Another well-known Swedish company is Electrolux, which originally started out in 1919 with vacuum cleaners under the 1960's U.K. marketing slogan "Nothing sucks like an Electrolux", and expanded to washing machines, dishwashers, and other home appliances.
  • Sweden is one of the biggest video game developing countries in the world, with the majority of indie game developers in the Western world coming from Sweden and Swedish companies making many of the most popular modern video games series, including Minecraft, the highest selling video game in the world. Daniel Remar, cactus, Notch, Nifflas and Frictional Games, among others, are all Swedes. They even hold an annual indie game development convention there. Larger Swedish developers include the likes of Massive Entertainment (Ground Control, World in Conflict), Starbreeze Studios (The Darkness, Escape from Butcher Bay, Assault on Dark Athena), DICE (the Battlefield series, Mirror's Edge, etc.) and MachineGames (Wolfenstein: The New Order and Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus).

Sweden in fiction and media

Norse by Norsewest covers a lot of the Sweden stuff, with hot Swedish blond people being fairly common in fiction. See also Swedish Series.

See also:

The Swedish Flag
Like all other Nordic flags, this one takes after the design of the Danish flag, the Dannebrog (cross with one axis aligned to the hoist). Its blue field and gold cross alludes to the national coat-of-arms, which shows three golden crowns on a blue shield.

Coat of arms of Sweden
The coat of arms was adopted in 1905 based on an arms created by King Karl Knutsson in 1448.

The Swedish national anthem
Du gamla, Du fria, Du fjällhöga nord
Du tysta, Du glädjerika sköna!
Jag hälsar Dig, vänaste land uppå jord,
Din sol, Din himmel, Dina ängder gröna.

Jag hälsar Dig, vänaste land uppå jord,
Din sol, Din himmel, Dina ängder gröna.

Du tronar på minnen från fornstora da'r,
då ärat Ditt namn flög över jorden.
Jag vet att Du är och Du blir vad Du var.
Ja, jag vill leva, jag vill dö i Norden.

Jag vet att Du är och Du blir vad Du var.
Ja, jag vill leva, jag vill dö i Norden.

You ancient, you free, you mountainous north
You quiet, you joyful beauty!
I greet you, loveliest land upon Earth,
Your sun, your sky, your green landscapes.

I greet you, loveliest land upon Earth,
Your sun, your sky, your green landscapes.

You are enthroned on memories of great olden days,
When honoured your name flew across the Earth,
I know that you are and remain what you were,
Yes, I want to live, I want to die in the North.

I know that you are and remain what you were,
Yes, I want to live, I want to die in the North.

  • Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
    • Monarch: Carl XVI Gustaf
    • Riksdag Speaker: Andreas Norlén
    • Prime Minister: Stefan Löfven

  • Capital and largest city: Stockholm
  • Population: 10,380,491
  • Area: 450,295 km (173,860 sq mi) (55th)
  • Currency: Swedish krona (kr) (SEK)
  • ISO-3166-1 Code: SE

Statler: Yuoo knoo vhet zee vurst theeng ebuoot Svedee is?
Waldorf: Yeeh. It isn't Nurvey de bork bork!
Both: Duhuhuhuhuhuhuh!

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