Ingrid Bergman (August 29th 1915 — August 29th 1982) was a Swedish actress. She won three Academy Awards, two Emmy Awards, and the Tony Award for Best Actress in the first Tony Award ceremony in 1947. She is ranked as the fourth greatest female star of American cinema of all time by the American Film Institute. She is widely remembered for her performance as Ilsa Lund in Casablanca (1942) and is known as one of Hollywood's greatest classical beauties.
In her lifetime she had the reputation for being the World's Most Beautiful Woman and created a legendary scandal when in the 1940s, she abandoned her husband and child and started an affair with director Roberto Rossellini and became pregnant on the set of Stromboli. This scandal was denounced on the floor of the US Senate with Ingrid becoming more or less Persona Non Grata in America. She had written to Rossellini after seeing his film, Paisan and wanted to make serious films and their resulting love affair and brief marriage resulted in three children and five movies. After their breakup, she returned to the stage and became more sporadic, with Autumn Sonata being her last serious role.
Mother of Isabella Rossellini. Not to be confused with and wasn't related to another famous Swede in the film industry, Ingmar Bergman (though he did direct her once, in Autumn Sonata AND later married a woman named Ingrid, thus sharing his last name. Yeah).
- Intermezzo (1936) - Swedish film remade in the U.S. in 1939 with Leslie Howard; Bergman starred in both versions.
- The Four Companions (1938)
- A Woman's Face (1938) - Swedish film (En kvinnas ansikte) remade in the U.S. in 1941 with Joan Crawford; Bergman did not star in the American version.
- Rage in Heaven (1941)
- Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941)
- Casablanca (1942) - her most iconic role.
- For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943)
- Gaslight (1944) - won her first Academy Award, for Best Actress.
- The Bells of St. Mary's (1945)
- Spellbound (1945) - her first collaboration with Alfred Hitchcock.
- Notorious (1946) - her second collaboration with Alfred Hitchcock.
- Under Capricorn (1949) - her third and final collaboration with Alfred Hitchcock.
- Stromboli (1950) - her first collaboration with Roberto Rossellini.
- Europe '51 (1952) - her second collaboration with Roberto Rossellini.
- Journey to Italy (1954) - her fourth collaboration with Roberto Rossellini.
- Elena and Her Men (1956)
- Anastasia (1956) - won her second Academy Award for Best Actress; marked her Hollywood comeback.
- The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958)
- Cactus Flower (1969)
- Murder on the Orient Express (1974) - won her third and final Academy Award, this time for Best Supporting Actress. In her acceptance speech, she famously said "it's always nice to get an Oscar" (and surely she would know).note
- Autumn Sonata (1978) - Her last feature film, and only film with Ingmar Bergman.
- Creator Backlash:
- Doing It for the Art: Why she abandoned her US career and family to make films in Italy and Europe.
- Small Reference Pools: She's highly regarded as one of the greatest stars of the 40s and for her work with Alfred Hitchcock but few have seen her films with Rossellini or Elena and Her Men. Her film with Ingmar Bergman, Autumn Sonata, is well known, however.