There's been a string of weird killings lately. The victims come from all walks of life, with only one thing in common. They were asleep at the time. It's time to break out the Coffee and Red Bull because no one can get a good night's rest until whoever or whatever did this is caught. Depending on whether or not the killer works internally (kills you in your dreams) or externally (just plain kills you) a main character who does succumb to sleep, and doesn't get killed off, might have to fight a Battle in the Center of the Mind in order to defeat the monster once and for all. This isn't necessary for the trope, but it still happens a lot.
This is a horror trope where the monster or killer targets people who are asleep or otherwise unconscious, and the main characters have to stay awake to stay alive. The "Killer" is loosely defined here, it can be a disease or inanimate object, what's important to the trope is that the victim is at risk, or at least at a substantially greater risk of death if they fall asleep. Can make pretty potent Paranoia Fuel as it ties in with basic primal fears of the scary monster in the closet or under the bed who's only waiting for the lights to go out and you to fall asleep to come out and get you. As we all know Dark Is Evil, and since we sleep in the dark, it's only a short step to "sleep itself is dangerous." After all, a person is most vulnerable while sleeping, as there is no way to see, and fight their attacker.
See also Things That Go "Bump" in the Night, Your Worst Nightmare, and Your Mind Makes It Real. Not to be confused with Fatal Familial Insomnia, a Real Life prion disease that progressively erodes a patient's ability to sleep until they die from not sleeping.
Not to be confused with The Sleepless, which is where someone never needs to go to sleep.
Disclaimer of sorts:
Let's get this out of the way first: regardless of what you might think, here at TV Tropes ending up on Nightmare Fuel pages right before bedtime might not seem that easy, but it is. Cases of people going to bed with their most recent memories of the site being mind-scarring images of angels (both kinds) are far more frequent than you might ever imagine. You're free to think this is a Shmuck Bait, but if this page is the last you've browsed without having seen the aforementioned articles first, then please don't click on those links unless you know you won't have to sleep for two more hours at the very least. Whatever else may be the case, you're still in time to do a favor to your brain by having this other article as the very last you browse.
- Gaara in Naruto is possessed by a powerful demon that gains more power over him as he sleeps. If he should sleep for too long, the demon would take over his body completely and he would no longer exist.
- After he was branded during the Eclipse, Guts from Berserk cannot go to sleep at night because of all of the demons and ghosts that are attracted to his brand, and must spend the night fighting them off. Only daybreak can eliminate them for good.
- Sword Art Online:
- Some player killers in the death game have figured out how to challenge sleeping players to a Duel to the Death so they can murder players in safe zones.
- In the Phantom Bullet Arc, a serial killer breaks into players' homes and poisons them while they are logged in to Gun Gale Online (and thus functionally asleep).
- In Oh God Not Again! after returning to Hogwarts to teach Sirius plans to continue the Marauders' reign of terror over Snape, but with more subtlety than before.
Sirius: It's going to take every ounce of my considerable self-control, but I want to wait until [Snape's] so paranoid he can't sleep before I start in on him.
- The SI in Sleeping with the Girls, is shunted to a different fictional universe, always in a girl's bed, whenever he falls asleep. He can barely get a few minutes of sleep before the girl inevitably notices him and angrily attacks. At one point he fears if he falls asleep, he will end up in Alma Wade's bed and be slaughtered before he has a chance to react. After a few dimension hops, he's a wreck from lack of sleep. Fortunately, the dimension hops go in a cycle. After befriending the people whose beds he arrives in, they let him sleep when he arrives.
- The villain of the Nightmare on Elm Street series, Freddy Krueger, possesses the ability to kill people in their dreams, with damage from the dream world crossing over into the real world. The Ironic Nursery Rhyme sung by the little girls in the dream world is the Trope Namer, ending with "...nine, ten, never sleep again."
- Although it's the dreams that are dangerous, and not the sleep itself. A drug that completely blocks out dreams is a desperately sought McGuffin at one point.
- The pods in Invasion of the Body Snatchers could only replace people while they were asleep. In the 1978 version, there was a scene where Leonard Nimoy's character tells someone to "get some sleep" and only later do you find out he was a pod person at that point.
- Dreamscape. Tommy Ray Glatman assassinates people by using his psychic abilities to enter their dreams and kill their dream selves.
- In The Last Witch Hunter, the Dream Walkers can enter people's dreams, manipulate their memories and even wound or kill them. The last two translate to reality. Kaulder mentions that during the war against the Witch Queen, dreamwalkers were her deadliest assassins.
- The Alpha Incident is about an alien microorganism that causes the brains of those it infects to quickly expand, to the point of making their heads crack open, if they fall asleep.
- Vampires in folklore were quite fond of feeding from sleeping people, the most famous example being Dracula.
- A Lullaby Sinister has the Surrogate School that students get pulled into when they hit REM cycle. Dying there means dying inexplicably in your bed in real life. To make things worse, the Surrogate School induces amnesia during waking hours, making people forget about its existence until they find themselves back in the location. The only safe way to avoid the Surrogate School is to simply never hit REM. But of course a lack of REM sleep forces your body to induce REM more often.
- The Lethifold from Harry Potter targets sleeping people.
- Dreamsnatchers from Dora Wilk universe can attack you in your dreams, hurting you in real life. And Albin's charms turn on when infected vampire is asleep, making him/her go out in the deadly daylight.
- The Body Snatchers, the book Invasion of the Body Snatchers is based on.
- Grave Peril, third book of The Dresden Files, has the Nightmare (aka Leonid Kravos), who kills by entering his victims' dreams.
- The Goosebumps book Don't Go To Sleep! had the main character be shunted to a different alternate universe whenever he fell asleep.
- Bains, a character from William Hope Hodgson's The Hog, is nearly drawn into a hellish otherworld - source of his chronic nightmares - because he falls asleep while undergoing one of Carnacki the Ghost-Finder's occult experiments.
- Perchance to Dream (Asleep in Armageddon), a short story by Ray Bradbury
- In Ursula K. Le Guin's The Other Wind, the wizard Alder is plagued by dreams of his wife in the land of the dead.
- In The Wheel of Time epic series, there is Tel'aran'rhiod, the World of Dreams. Careful Dreamers can navigate this world while they sleep to gather information or meet with each other. It's never a safe place though, because any wound or physical damage carries over to the real world, and any object can be created just by imagining it, including weapons. Occasionally ordinary people accidentally pop in while dreaming normally, usually to disappear after just a few minutes or seconds, unaware that they'd been there at all. On the other hand, sometimes hitting the ground in your dreams can end up being fatal after all...
- Galaxy of Fear: City of the Dead has Zak Arranda repeatedly plagued by guilty Bad Dreams about his dead parents, sometimes seeing them as zombies, and not wanting to sleep... aaaand then while he's asleep an actual zombie starts trying to pry open his window.
- The H.P. Lovecraft story Hypnos involves a sculptor and his mysterious new friend using astral projection to explore the universe and other dimensions, though eventually the latter does something that makes it so that he and the sculptor can't sleep, lest they start prematurely aging and be plagued by unspeakable nightmares. The friend eventually falls into a permanent sleep, which causes the narrator to faint. When he wakes up, his neighbors and the police inform him that there is no friend, but there is a sculpture of him in the room engraved with the word "ΥΠΝΟΣ" (Hypnos, the Greek God of Sleep).
- A Sliders episode depicts a world ruled by a sinister cabal that can kill people in their dreams.
- Mystery Science Theater 3000: In the The Giant Spider Invasion episode, the host segments featured an extended parody of Invasion of the Body Snatchers, with Mike, Crow, and Tom Servo trying to stay awake to avoid being replaced by pod people. Crow has no trouble staying awake, but he nearly overdoses on caffeine and sugar.
- The Twilight Zone TOS.
- "Ninety Years Without Slumbering". A man is afraid that if his grandfather clock runs down he will die, so he has to stay awake to keep it wound up.
- "Perchance to Dream". A man is afraid to go to sleep because he has a weak heart and his nightmares could give him a heart attack.
- The Stargate SG-1 episode "Morpheus".
- Inverted in an arc of Dark Shadows where a character turns into a werewolf and kills people in his sleep. He is able to trap his curse in a portrait, but needs to stay awake until it is finished.
- A villain of the week on Supernatural killed people in their dreams out of envy.
- Inverted on Kolchak: The Night Stalker, when a walking-weed swamp monster turned out to be a psychic projection from a young man undergoing an experimental sleep-drug therapy. He had grown up hearing ghost stories about such a creature, and the drug gave him the ability to manifest his childhood fear.
- In The X-Files episode Via Negativa there is a cult leader who projects himself into the dreams of people he meets and kills them through their dreams, which start once the victim falls asleep.
- The 1000 Ways to Die segment "I'll Sleep When I'm Dead" had a man die of a stroke after staying up for days on end because he was being haunted by nightmares involving someone he accidentally ran over.
- In the ''Doctor Who episode "Amy's Choice" the characters are presented with two worlds, one real, one a dream, but they don't know which is which. Both worlds have a deadly peril, but the real-world one (whichever it is) can kill them while they're dreaming of the other world.
- A rare humorous example: Prior to the start of The Young Ones, Neil decided never to sleep again when he found out that sleep causes cancer.
- An episode of Star Trek: Voyager had a species which attacks ships by putting its crew to sleep and killing them in their sleep. It turns out the aliens themselves are perpetually asleep and finding and threatening their vulnerable bodies is how the Voyager escapes them. At the end of the episode it's implied many of the crew have trouble sleeping because they're worried the victory was just another fake dream given by the aliens.
- Inspired by The Simpsons, the Alice Cooper song "Can't Sleep, Clowns Will Eat Me".
- Also, off the album "Welcome 2 My Nightmare", the song "Caffeine", which describes the protagonist drinking coffee, taking drugs and sitting in a cold shower so he won't have to face the nightmare world.
- "Enter Sandman" by Metallica.
- Vladislav Delay's "Anima" quotes this trope in its ending dialogue: "I might never go to sleep again, I might stay awake forever".
- Dungeons & Dragons
- The night hag monster would visit Neutral Evil characters while they slept. The hag would force the victim into the Ethereal plane and ride them until dawn, permanently reducing their Constitution by one point each time.
- Ravenloft setting supplement The Nightmare Lands. The Nightmare Court and their agents target people who have nightmares or who try to thwart them by sending them into madness-inducing dreamscapes. (The Abber Nomads, the primitive human natives of the place, don't have to worry about this; they don't dream.)
- The bastellus, a creature native to the Land of Mists, preys on sleepers' life energy.
- Also in D&D, we have a dream larva, a monster born of a god's nightmare that has gained sentience — which makes it a cross between the Balrog and Freddy Krueger. When one of these breaks free from whatever dimension was meant to hold it, this trope can hit an entire planet.
- This trope is the central premise of the aptly-named Don't Rest Your Head.
- Shattered Dreams, a small-press RPG from the late 90s, was all about this trope.
- Warhammer 40,000: One Chapter of Loyalist Marines started hearing their victims screams in their sleep. This being less than helpful for restful slumber, they quickly fell to Chaos.
- The fifth episode of Sam & Max: Freelance Police: Season 3: The Devil's Playhouse is named "The City that Dares not Sleep", which is about a monster, Max as an Eldritch Abomination, releasing spores that resemble Max's head in flames that feed on the citizen's dreams and make the monster stronger. Which is why the whole city has spent a whole week without sleeping.
- Catherine revolves around Vincent, the protagonist, along with many other men, being pulled into a dream world where everything is trying to kill him because he cheated on his girlfriend.
- Grandia II features a sidequest with the demon hunters shacking up in Mirumu, a town where people are becoming trapped in their sleep. This is a long sidequest and will take some figuring out: Apparently, a flock of Eyeball Bats are attaching themselves to peoples' faces at night, making them dream of a garden paradise which they never want to leave. The heroes seemingly take out the nest of monsters in the catacombs beneath town — but the real culprit is the Monster Progenitor, which is hiding inside a little girl.
- Invoked in Xenoblade Chronicles X in the lyrics of the battle theme "Black Tar".
"Stealing their body and breath
'Til only a shell is left!
Witness to Hell in the flesh!
A fight to the death!
Screaming "Where's the relief?!"
Maybe no more sleep!"
- Subverted in Sluggy Freelance's "KITTEN II" storyline. Riff rescues a girl from homicidal kittens, and then says, "Don't go to sleep, or the kittens will eat you." He then explains that he made that up, but he needed a good dramatic opening line.
- Karkat of Homestuck warns all the other trolls to stay awake, or else they will have to face the Horrorterrors (who actually aren't malevolent, Karkat's just really scared of them). He himself has refused to sleep for nearly a month, the only rest he's gotten being a couple of occasions where he was knocked out.
- Zeno of Charby the Vampirate decides that not sleeping is the best way to avoid the nightmares caused by The Wraith's attempts to take over his mind.
- "DON'T READ THIS YOU WILL GET KISSED ON THE NEAREST POSSIBLE FRIDAY BY THE LOVE OF YOUR LIFE." You know you've read an obnoxious, reposted comment that tends to begin that way. These comments often tell a story about someone who died and now returns every night only to take revenge on those "too foolish" to spread their story across the internet. Usually there will also be a reward promised for those who do repost, such as a chance to learn who is your true love (which is often just a trick to get you to close your browser). Sometimes, though, instead of telling a story about a vengeful undead, these comments just say that you will randomly die at midnight, with no specified method.
- In The Fear Mythos blog The Mind of the Nightmare, Devin Shaw has been unable to sleep since The Rake visited him one night, causing him to flee for his life. Only half a bottle of Nyquil together with extreme sleep deprivation finally gave him a few hours of rest.
- Eyeless Jack of Creepypasta fame kills people in their sleep and eats their kidneys, for some reason or another.
- The Simpsons in a Halloween episode spoofing A Nightmare on Elm Street.
- In the Justice League episode "Only a Dream", Batman and the Martian Manhunter fought the aforementioned Doctor Destiny, forcing both of them to stay awake (particularly trying as Batman had previously spent three whole days awake), catch Destiny, and break the others out of his deadly nightmares.
- During one of the episodes of Xiaolin Showdown every time Raimundo fell asleep, a giant jellyfish monster would attack the temple and nearly destroy everything, then disappear instantly when he woke up. After several sad attempts to keep him awake, he falls asleep again, the monster comes back and a sort of Battle in the Center of the Mind ensues.
- Paul Berry's 1992 short animated film The Sandman, in which the titular ghoul sneaks up to a small boy's room while he sleeps, and...let's just say he doesn't give the boy sweet dreams.
- The Sandman, a Monster of the Week in Martin Mystery, could trap sleeping people in their dreams.
- The Crackler, a Kaiju featured in Godzilla: The Series episode What Dreams May Come, was created when a repressed man underwent an experimental procedure for his insomnia. An embodiment of his rage, it usually showed up when he was about to nod off.
- In Fairly OddParents, Timmy's guilt over framing Vicky as the kidnapper of Dimsdale's town mascot, a goat he freed, gets to him so much that he makes outlandish wishes (Like raining ducks) when asleep. His solution? This trope.
Timmy: I WISH FOR A GIGANTIC MONSTER THAT WON'T GO AWAY UNTIL I TELL THE TRUTH ABOUT CHOMPY!
[Cosmo and Wanda Face Palm and grant his wish]
- An episode of Sidekick ripping-off A Nightmare on Elm Street had a dream-dwelling ghoul who fed on the fear of his victims; attempts to avoid him via the title of this trope failed rather quickly.
- An episode of Family Guy had Stewie reminisce about the time he had Willem Dafoe living under his bed:
Dafoe: Hey (sliding out from under the bed) you asleep yet?Stewie: Uh, n-no!Dafoe: (slowly sliding back under the bed) Just checking.
- In the My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic episode "It's About Time", Twilight Sparkle gets a cryptic warning from her future self, and grows increasingly neurotic trying to identify and stop the vaguely-defined disaster about which she was trying to warn herself. She eventually resorts to staying up for a week straight trying to "monitor everything" in Equestria.
Twilight Sparkle: There are only three days left until next Tuesday! I can sleep all I want after that!
- The Smurfs dealt with a recurring villain named Morphio the Dream Demon (related to the Greek god of dreams In-Name-Only) who could attack victims in their sleep and inflict them with eternal nightmares, simply For the Evulz.
- A variation occurred in one episode of The Flintstones. A doctor saw what he thought was a report of Fred's examination, which showed he had a germ that usually only dinosaurs get. It's harmless to dinosaurs, but lethal to a human who catches it, unless he manages to stay awake for 72-hours. Not wanting to tell Fred to avoid panicking him, Wilma, Barney and Betty try their hardest to keep him awake by taking him out on the town, but after a whole night of this, he can barely stay awake, so Wilma finally tells him. He does panic briefly, but then he finds out that it was actually Dino's examination, gotten when he took Dino to the vet. (Moral of story: It's best not keep the bad news from someone when you want to help him.)
- According to the increasingly paranoid writings in Journal 3, the Author who studied Gravity Falls underwent a period of this; That's because he's up against a near-omnipotent Dream Walker who can enter and possess his body anytime he falls asleep. When he appears in the present storyline, he reveals that at one point he had a metal plate installed on his skull to avoid possession without this trope.
can't sleep can't sleep can't sleep can't sleep
- Stan from American Dad! eventually kills one-hundred people, which causes his repressed conscious to manifest as an altruistic split personality that takes over whenever Stan falls asleep, so Stan feebly tries to stay awake until he can figure out a way to beat "Sleepwalking Stan".
- Fatal familial insomnia is an illness that leaves the victim physically incapable of sleeping. The lack of sleep results in increasingly severe psychological symptoms, rapid weight loss, dementia, and eventually, death. There is no cure.
- Undine's Curse, a disease that makes the victim forget to breathe when they sleep. This can be fatal.
- Similarly, Sudden Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome.
- SIDS: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, can occur while a baby is sleeping.
- An old wives' tale says that a person who has had a concussion shouldn't be allowed to fall asleep or they could fall into a coma or die.
- Not so much an old wives' tale as a popular oversimplification. People who've had a concussion shouldn't be left alone, sleeping or awake, because if their brain starts to swell from the injury, they'll pass out and will need someone to rush them into emergency care before their respiration shuts down. Waking them up if they doze off is necessary to determine if they can be aroused from their unconscious state; it's not because sleep is dangerous in itself. In fact, keeping them from sleeping at all can make matters worse as it slows down healing and can even do further damage; the accepted rule of thumb is that you only want to keep a concussion victim awake until they get medical attention, at which point you should listen to the experts as to how often you should try to rouse them.
- Typically domestic gas poisoning causes drowsiness. When dealing with it, try as hard as you can to not fall asleep, as you will inevitably die. Same thing with freezing, carbon monoxide poisoning, high-altitude hypoxia, and really a lot of life-or-death situations dealing with hazardous environment. Though it's not the sleep that kills you, it's the environment finishes you off once you stop resisting it and searching for a way to safety.
- Serial Killer Gerald Parker, who earned the nickname "the Bedroom Basher" due to this habit.
- Falling asleep while suffering from hypothermia can accelerate heat loss due to lack of physical activity, and drowsiness is one of the side effects of a drop in body temperature.
- Goddamn bedbugs! Not fatal, but creepy and uncomfortable.