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In most school systems around the world, kids are grouped together by age from pre-school to graduation. However, there are some children (usually the Child Prodigy or Teen Genius) that, for various reasons, have skipped entire years of material. As a result, some characters will be a child in high school classes, or a (younger) teenager at a university. This is convenient for putting a Kid-Appeal Character into the main cast of a work set in school.

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While missing a single year often just emphasizes the student's intelligence, widening the gap often causes social differences or difficulties for the characters. Often, the Grade Skipper is one of the most awkward characters on the show when they show up, especially if they're the protagonist. Some of them wander into Cloud Cuckoolander territory; most are also the Innocent Prodigy. If they're not into their early teens yet, expect them to be the Tagalong Kid that doesn't understand romance or dirty jokes.

Sometimes, one of the more intelligent characters might be skipped ahead as a one-episode plot. Generally, if this happens, either the skipped character will feel isolated enough to rejoin the main cast, or some improbable turn of events will completely undo the process.

Just like Held Back in School, there is a more extreme version where a character skips multiple years all at once; a 10-year-old being accepted to a top college. Or one character starts school several years ahead, ending up with an 8-year-old taking Chemistry in high school with 16-year-olds.

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If parental meddling was the reason for their skipping, then it's likely that these characters go to a private school or an Elaborate University High. It's common for these characters to continue on to Ivy League schools or top colleges, but it's also fairly common for them to be rejected.

This can also take place in non-academic environments, as long as a young character is placed into a group of traditionally older people due to skill.

Though it may seem unusual, this is often Truth in Television, as this is a fairly common practice in some parts of the world. Fiction usually takes it to extremes, though: children skipped more than two grades ahead are extremely rare; and most of them will not be accepted instantly to a top college, even if they were skipped more than twice, because of the somewhat-arbitrary standards of admission to American universities. There's also the issues that can arise from being in a class of say 5th graders at a much younger age, particularly socially. In the real world, it's more typical for gifted kids to be placed in gifted programs or advanced classes, and in other countries, entire public-funded schools exist just for kids who prove gifted and/or more studious.

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Subtrope of Improbable Age. Contrast reverse phenomenon Held Back in School and Compulsory School Age, when characters don't skip grades even though they logically should.


Examples:

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     Anime & Manga 
  • Chiyo Mihama from Azumanga Daioh is a Child Prodigy who skipped ahead 5 grades to 10th grade, the first year of high school in Japan. Despite Chiyo's high intelligence and how she consistently scores the highest grades in her class, the series mines a lot of humor out of how a ten-year-old girl isn't well-suited for high school, since she struggles to keep up with everyone else in gym class and anything to do with romance or sexuality flies right over her head.
  • Multiple characters in Hayate the Combat Butler.
  • Extra exaggerated in Negima! Magister Negi Magi where the teacher is a ten-year-old boy teaching fourteen-year-old girls in middle school.
  • Pani Poni Dash!: Rebecca "Becky" Miyamoto is an 11-year-old homeroom teacher who already graduated from MIT.
  • Clemont from Pokémon is roughly the same age as Ash, yet is shown to have been a part of an electric-type based university where all the other students were adults. Flashback show he was even younger when he started.
  • In Rosario + Vampire we have Yukari. She's 11 and skipped several grades. Despite this, she is obsessed with having a threesome with Moka and Tskune.
  • A non-academic example: Limone from Simoun is the youngest member of Chor Tempest (a squadron of teenage priestesses-turned-fighter pilots) by the virtue of having completed her flight training ahead of everyone else in her class.
  • Sonoko is a second-year middle schooler in the second season of Yuki Yuna is a Hero. At the end of Washio Sumi Is A Hero, she had to drop out of school in her final year of primary school, so she's been skipped ahead three years. Sonoko doesn't have any difficulty with the schooling because she's smart for her age.

    Comic Books 
  • Power Pack: Katie Power is stated to have skipped several grades in the 2000 miniseries, which takes place a couple of years after the original series and depicts the team as teens. (Conversely, aside from the occasional bit of unusually-well-articulated-for-a-five-year-old dialogue, the original series never gave any impression of her being much, if at all, advanced for her age.)

     Fan Works 
  • It's mentioned in Fresh Blood that Stormer skipped a grade in secondary school. She performed fine grade-wise but her already poor social skills became even more stunted due to her peers being older kids.
  • Subverted in My Sister Leni. Rita tries to get her Brainy Baby daughter enrolled as a senior in high school, but she is declined because of developmental reasons. Lisa has social difficulties that can't be developed properly if she went to school amongst teenagers.
  • Velma in now that i can see your face (i can stand up to anything.) skipped ahead a grade in middle school to begin high school one year early. As a result, virtually everyone at Coolsville High has heard of her.
  • A minor character in the Sonic the Hedgehog fic The Promise is a Teen Genius who began university at fourteen. At age eighteen he's since graduated and works on ARK as a scientist.
  • In Speed and Purpose, Teen Genius Porker Lewis is seventeen and has already been at university for three years.

     Films — Animated 
  • Hiro from Big Hero 6 has already finished high school by age 14. In the film, he gets applied to college.
  • The Iron Giant: During a caffeine-fueled rant, Hogarth complains about being bullied because he skipped a grade and the other kids think he's smarter than they are.
    Hogarth Hughes: *talking very fast, on caffeine* So she moved me up a grade 'cause I wasn't fitting in, so now I'm even more not fitting in. I was getting good grades, you know, like all A's. So my mom says, "You need stimulation," and I go, "No, I'm stimulated enough right now."
    Dean McCoppin: That's for sure.
    Hogarth Hughes: So she says, "Uh-uh, You don't have a challenge, you need a challenge." So now I'm challenged, all right - I'm challenged to hold on to my lunch money! - because of all the big mooses who wanna pound me, 'cause they think I'm a shrimpy dork who thinks he's smarter than them! But I don't think I'm smarter, I just do the stupid homework! If everyone else JUST DID THE STUPID HOMEWORK, they could move up a grade and get pounded, too, is there any more coffee?
  • Implied in The Peanuts Movie: for pragmatism, all of the main characters are in the same class, except for Sally. This would probably be the easiest explanation for how Linus is in the same grade as his older sister, Lucy.

     Films — Live-Action 
  • In Almost Famous, William's mom lied about his age — not just to the school but to him — to get him ahead in school.
  • Mentioned offhandedly in Ginger Snaps to explain while Brigitte and Ginger are in the same grade, despite being barely fifteen and sixteen respectively; Brigitte skipped a grade ahead.
  • In the 1983 Gary Coleman Made-for-TV Movie The Kid With The 200 IQ, Coleman plays a 12-year-old who goes to college studying astronomy and has a hard time fitting in.
  • Kim Possible:
    • Like in the cartoon, Wade earned a college degree in spite of being a kid.
    • Invoked as a cover-up for child!Drakken during The Stinger when he starts attending Middleton High.
  • Marvel Cinematic Universe
    • Tony Stark graduated summa cum laude from MIT when he was 17.note  He already finished college where most are only about to finish high school.
  • Invoked in Problem Child 2; Junior is skipped ahead to the sixth grade so that Principal Peabody will be rid of him in a year instead of three years.
  • Must have happened to Mitch in Real Genius, since he's in college at only 15 years old (when most US students are at about grade 9 or 10 and don't usually start college until they're 18, after completing grade 12).
  • In Revenge of the Nerds, one of the protagonists is a 10-year-old Child Prodigy who got to skip the remainder of grade school, middle school, and high school to go right to college and pursue an engineering degree.
  • X-Men Film Series: Hank McCoy (aka, "Beast"), graduated from Harvard at 15. Most of us are just high school freshmen or sophomores at that age.
  • Trina from 40 Carats is only seventeen, but she's already done with school.

     Literature 
  • The Babysitters Club:
    • Charlotte, one of the charges of the titular club, is skipped from 2nd-grade to 3rd-grade early on in the series—and unlike a lot of examples of this trope, it was done just as much for social reasons as it was for academic reasons: Charlotte was bullied a lot in her 2nd-grade class for being so much smarter than the rest of her classmates. But when she was put into a higher grade with kids who were much closer to her intellectual peers, she didn't stand out as much as before and had a way easier time making new friends.
    • Kristy's little sister, Karen, also skipped a grade early on in the series, but it happened offscreen.
  • In Cynthia Voigt’s Bad Girls series, Hadrian Klenk has skipped kindergarten and second grade.
  • Cheaper by the Dozen has a chapter titled "Skipping Through School".
  • In "Clubland Heroes", the Child Prodigy Richard Cleaver is an extreme case: he graduated from Oxford with a double first at the age of ten.
  • Arby the Black And Nerdy kid from Michael Crichton's The Lost World (1995) is supposed to be in 5th grade but was bumped up to 7th.
  • This happens in the epilogue of Matilda: Matilda's Psychic Powers disappear once she gets put in an advanced class, and are explained as a reaction of her brain having very little to work with.
  • Ponyboy from The Outsiders is 14, but he skipped a grade so he's already in high school. When they meet, Cherry is confused about how a kid as smart as him could be a Greaser Delinquent, which offends Ponyboy.
  • In Louis Sachar's novel Someday Angeline, eight-year-old "Angeline was put in the sixth grade. They put her there, because, well, they had to put her somewhere and they didn’t know where else to put her."
  • In The Unicorn Club (a spin-off of Sweet Valley High), Grace Oliver has skipped eighth grade.
  • Fireheart and Graystripe of Warrior Cats, in a manner of speaking. Apprentices usually become warriors in the order they were apprenticed, and an apprenticeship is stated to normally last 6 moons. Fireheart and Graystripe were made warriors before the older Dustpelt and Sandstorm, and if you carefully keep track of every mention of time passing in the book, they were only apprentices for a little over two moons (making them only 7-8 moons old instead of the standard 12-13 moons).
  • Cesar Ruiz from There's More Than One Way Home is a year younger than everyone else in fourth grade. He could have skipped another grade, too, but his mother doesn't want him to miss his friends.
  • Ernest from Eye of a Fly skipped a grade in elementary school and was in a program that let him finish junior high in two years instead of three, allowing him to start college a year early.
  • Emmy from Language Arts graduated from high school summa cum laude at age sixteen.

     Live Action TV 
  • This is the main premise of the Disney Channel-series, A.N.T. Farm—the "ANT" in "A.N.T. Farm" stands for "Advanced Natural Talents," a special program for gifted middle school-aged children to start high school (or skip to a specific grade in high school) at a younger-than-average age. In the case of the show's lead character, Chyna Parks (a musical prodigy), she ends up starting high school at the age of 11, which is the age when most kids (depending on when their birthday is) are in either 5th-grade (the last year of elementary school) or 6th-grade (the first year of middle school). Chyna must have skipped middle school altogether to go straight to high school.
  • The Big Bang Theory:
    • In the episode "The Jerusalem Duality", a 15-year-old physicist who defected from North Korea joins the research staff at the university and turns out to be smarter than Sheldon in the field.
    • It's been mentioned numerous times on the show that Sheldon was also much younger than traditional age when he went to college. Apparently he did not go to High School at all - a university in Texas took a strong interest in the boy genius and offered to take him straight away, age eleven-twelve. Sheldon himself remarks that he found the obligatory Spring Break to be somewhat tedious and was glad he got it out of the way - aged thirteen. He also completed his first doctorate at the age of 16. Young Sheldon would retcon the above by showing that Sheldon did go to high school...at age nine, and was in the same classes as his older brother, Georgie. He would start college at age eleven.
  • In an episode of Chopped where all the contestants were college students, one of the contestants was a girl who, at the time, was a senior at the University of Washington and was only 18-years-old (the age when most people start college in the United States). This confuses Ted and the judges and, after they question her on it, the girl explained that she had skipped a few grades and started college when she was only 15note .
  • In an episode of Cory in the House, a new girl who transfers to Cory's school and strikes up a relationship with Newt turns out to be a Child Prodigy who has technically already finished school all the way up through graduating medical school—she explains that she main she wanted to enroll at the school was so she could experience going to school with kids her own age. Also, on kind of a lesser note, even though she has valid MD, she's legally not allowed to perform surgery (or any other kind of medical procedures) on anyone until after she turns 18.
  • Though not shown, Reid on Criminal Minds is said to have skipped a few grades (he started high school when he was only 12).
  • Degrassi:
    • Liberty supposedly skipped a grade, but this was seemingly retconned out in later seasons.
    • Maya Matlin is a 13-year-old high school freshman when first introduced, implying that she's skipped a grade.
  • Doogie Howser, M.D. attained his medical license at age 14, having breezed through Princeton University at age 10.
  • In Eureka this is apparently pretty commonplace seeing as it's a town full of geniuses. More than one of Zoe's high school classmates appear to be younger than 12.
  • When Paris and Rory make it to college in Gilmore Girls, one of their roommates is sixteen. On her next birthday. Whereas Paris and Rory, both brilliant, driven students in a special advanced high school, were admitted at the typical age of eighteen. You'd think the show would be going somewhere with this, but she only has a handful of lines that tend to play up her naivety and never gets to demonstrate any particular degree of intelligence.
  • In Hannah Montana, Rico skips a few grades and ends up starting high school at the same time as Miley and her friends.
  • The Inbetweeners has Suzie, who, as we discover after Neil picks her as his date on a charity Blind Date event, is doing her A-Levels four years early.
  • Just Legal features a lawyer who, because of grade-skipping, couldn't get a job in any big firm because they believed he wouldn't be taken seriously in court. He ends up with a washed-up veteran attorney simply because no one else would take either of them. For bonus points, he's called "Skip" because he skipped so many grades.
  • In Legends of Tomorrow, Martin Stein reveals to Ray Palmer that he skipped 10th and 11th grade.
  • One episode of Lizzie McGuire had the Title Character's friend, Gordo, being skipped from middle to high school. He returns to his old school by the end of the episode due to missing his friends.
  • Mr. Young: By the time Adam Young was old enough to be a High School student, he was a teacher.
  • MythBusters Jr: Team member Cannan is 12 years old, and a sophomore in college.
  • The Nanny: When Niles learned Valerie's age, Fran tried to prevent him from using this to figure out hers by claiming she had skipped a few grades. When it didn't work, Fran said Valerie was Held Back in School. That Niles could believe.
  • Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide had Cookie being considered to skip ahead to high school. However, he wanted to go to 8th grade alongside his friends, so he started purposely failing his classes so he wouldn't have to skip. When the guidance counselor confronts him about it, he tells her the truth and she tells him all he had to do was tell her he didn't want to skip.
  • Charlie and his brother Don on NUMB3RS graduated high school on the same day, despite the fact that Don is five years older than Charlie. This one is particularly egregious because, even apart from the extreme unlikelihood of a child skipping five grades, Charlie was only a Child Prodigy in math and there's no indication he was advanced at all in other subjects, so while he would have had no trouble keeping up with high school math and might have been able to handle some of the sciences (particularly math-based science like physics), that grade level would have put him way out of his depth in the rest of his classes, but the series only ever talks about him having social, not academic, problems from being in high school at such a young age. (Although this could explain why his spelling is so bad.)
  • In Power Rangers Turbo, Twelve-year-old Justin is discovered to be a child prodigy, enabling him to enter high school just as his fellow rangers graduate.
  • On Scorpion, Toby and Sylvester both skipped a few grades when they were in school. Zig-zagged with boy genius, Ralph, who has not skipped any grades yet, but is taking college-level courses at Caltech at the same time he's going to junior high.
  • The main premise of the series Smart Guy is that the lead character, a ten-year-old 4th-grader named T.J. Henderson, is discovered to be a Child Prodigy and skips all the way up to 10th-grade—he's transferred to the same high school as his two older siblings, Tasha (his sister) and Marcus (his brother), even ending up in the same grade as the latter. A lot of the show is him dealing with this.
  • The Twilight Zone (1985): In "A Message from Charity", Peter Wood tells Charity Payne that he skipped two grades when he was younger.
  • In the second season of Welcome Freshmen, this was the justification used as to why Merv was Put on a Bus - he cleared all of high school in a single year and went to college, with the resulting joke that he was still stuck being a freshman (just in college this time).
  • Janice in Head of the Class is in the gifted class in high school at age 11.

     Newspaper Comics 

    Theatre 

     Video Games 
  • Out of The ClueFinders, it's stated in Leslie's bio that she's in the 6th grade, but is only 10 because she skipped a grade. Out of the other ClueFinders, Owen is 11, Joni and Santiago are both 12 and in the 7th grade. None of the games show the characters in school, so it's really only a minor detail.

     Visual Novels 
  • It's not said what grades she skipped, but Makise Kurisu from Steins;Gate has a Master's degree at age 18.

     Web Original 
  • In the prequel comic to Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog, we find out that Dr. Horrible was in sixth grade when he was eight, implying a skip of 2-3 grades. He ends up being picked on by a more normally-aged bully for both being smart and for still playing with action figures.
  • In Precocious, Bud's older sister Casey likes to rub in his face that she skipped a grade, and claims that because his (elite) school has a combined fourth and fifth grade class it's like he was held back.
  • Ruby Rose in RWBY gets to attend Beacon Academy two years early due to the fact that Professor Ozpin is impressed with Ruby's weapon skills and most likely because she has super rare superpowers, but he'd never tell her that. However, she quickly becomes a panicked wreck when she goes to attend due to the fact that she feels way out of her league, being a fifteen-year-old girl attending a school usually geared for young adults. It's later mentioned that there's a combat test for entering the academy; while most people train for years to be ready, you're allowed to take the test without any prior schooling. Ruby clearly comes in under that loophole, as does Blake (though Blake waited until she was the appropriate age).

     Western Animation 
  • One episode of The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius had the Title Character choosing to go straight to college after feeling unchallenged by his school's curriculum. However, once Jimmy gets to college, he's no longer the smartest kid around (as all his new schoolmates are just as smart as he is) and he ends up being even more hated by his college classmates than he was by his grade school classmates.
  • Anais from The Amazing World of Gumball is only four but is so intelligent that she's already in the eighth grade, a year higher than her 12-year-old brother, Gumball. There are a handful of episodes that tackle what this means for her in regards to friends. Darwin is also in Gumball's class despite being two years younger, but that's not because he's skipped grades (he's not a particularly good student). He just started early.
  • Angela Anaconda: In one episode, thanks to Mrs. Brinks giving her higher grades than she deserves, Nanette skips a grade. She eventually returns because she didn't fit in with her new classmates.
  • In the pilot episode of Ben 10: Omniverse, Gwen Tennyson's only 16 and is already graduating high school and going off to college.
  • Big Hero 6: The Series:
  • In Captain Sturdy: Back in Action, Cyber Master explains to Captain Sturdy that Cerebro lacks social skills because his high intellect caused him to skip a few grades.
  • Dexter's Laboratory:
    • Dexter once went to college, where he was actually warmly accepted by his new schoolmates. The conflict came in them having a philosophy of "Party now, study later," while Dexter wanted to get a head start on the schoolwork. His roommate points out that Dexter will likely burn himself out from all the heavy-duty studying and should party to get it out of his system...which turns out to be 100% true. A crazed, burnt-out Dexter trying to get all his schoolmates (who were now studying) to party ends up getting expelled and sent back to his old school.
    • In an earlier episode, Dexter was considered for grade-skipping but needed to improve his PE-grades. He cheated his way into victory, which ended up making him Dee Dee's classmate.
  • Skeeter from Doug was determined intelligent enough in one episode to be taken out of school and put in college. However, he ended up returning to Bluffington Elementary of his own volition because he didn't like his new classmates, saying they just spent all their time out of class smoking.
  • Elena of Avalor, Elena's young sister Isabel is 11-12 years old, yet she's also smart enough to eventually attend college classes.
  • The Fairly OddParents: A.J. got into college in Fairy Idol and said he'd be back in two weeks.
  • In Hey Arnold!, Phoebe moves up to a higher grade for an episode, but the older students are kind of jerks, and she eventually realizes she'd rather go back to the 4th grade with her friends.
  • Kim Possible: Wade's five years younger than Kim and Ron, and according to an episode from the first season, he had already finished school up through getting a bachelor's degree by the time he was at least 10. Kim's brothers, Jim and Tim, are also this, and they end up starting high school at the age of 12 in the final season (when their sister and her friends are seniors).
  • The Loud House: The four-year-old Lisa Loud in the earliest episodes had already finished school up through getting a PhD. Later episodes show her attending kindergarten with the rest of her agemates. In the episode "Making the Grade", Lisa goes to fifth grade, putting her in the same class as Lincoln. She ultimately goes back to kindergarten due to preferring nap time.
  • Downplayed in Recess which had an episode where Gretchen, who is a Child Prodigy, was set to be evaluated to go to a college-level elementary school meant for gifted children — given the kinds of ingenious things she'd done over the course of the series, it isn't implausible in context. A Surprisingly Realistic Outcome occurs as the thought of leaving the only friends she's ever had and everything she's ever known behind reduces her to a mixture of panic and defeated depression, remembering how lonely she used to be due to her intelligence. TJ comes up with one of his usual schemes to keep this from happening.
  • Rocket Power:
    • Sam's the same age as Otto and Twister but he's in the same grade as Otto's sister Regina (or "Reggie"), who's stated as being at least two years older than Otto.
    • Oliver van Rossum takes it even further. He's in high school and even helps his biology teacher. However, in later appearances, he is attending the same school as the main characters.
  • The Simpsons:
    • Lisa Simpson. She's certainly very smart for her age, but only "brilliant" by comparison with Springfield's stupid children and horrible school system. When she gets the opportunity to study at Waverly Hills, an elementary school with actual standards and quality, Lisa finds that she's only a B student, rather than the straight As she got at Springfield Elementary, which traumatizes her. In another episode, she gets to skip to the third grade early but finds it difficult (made more embarrassing for her because Bart was demoted a grade and found it easy).
      Principal Skinner: Lisa, you have a choice: you may continue to be challenged in third grade or return to second grade and be merely a big fish in a small pond.
    • "Lisa's Rival": The titular character is a girl who's a year younger than Lisa and is in the same class as her because of grade-skipping.
    • "Future-Drama": It seems Lisa will recover from the trauma of being in the same grade as Bart. She'll end up skipping two grades, making her graduate at the same time as her older brother.
  • South Park: In the twelfth episode of the fourth season, Trapper Keeper, Kyle's brother, Ike, is admitted into Kindergarten two years early due to his high intelligence (for his age).
  • Sam from Totally Spies! almost became this in "Spies in Space" — the BHHS-principal informed her that her grades were the best in the history of the school and that they had literally run out of things to teach her. The principal offered to have Sam graduate from school as soon as the upcoming week. Although Sam was tempted to finish high school and start college, she ultimately decides that she's not quite ready to start college yet and that she'd rather finish out high with her friends.
  • While the exact grade level he's in is never stated, Rafael from Transformers: Prime goes to the Jasper High School with his friends Jack and Miko...while being only 12 (and a quarter) years old.
  • We Bare Bears: Chloe Park, a 10-year-old Korean-American girl who already attends college.
  • In the first season of Young Justice, Dick Grayson's starting 9th-grade at the age of 13, meaning that he skipped ahead by at least one year at some point.

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