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Swan Song

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A Swan Song is the last work a creator created before they died, especially when undertaken with the foresight or expectation that it will be the last thing they will ever make. It can also be the last performance of an actor. Either way this is when a creator or thespian decides that if they're gonna stop, then they might as well go out with a bang.

Note that this must be on purpose. People die after making works all the time, but few of them have the foresight to know what their last act would be.

This can overlap with Magnum Opus, where the artist puts their all onto it and creates something that exceeds the quality of the previous works, or it can be something that is So Okay, It's Average. Depending on the amount of time between the finishing touches and death, finishing the work can also be a Dying Moment of Awesome.

Not to be confused with Shapeshifter Swan Song, which is just a shapeshifter's pre-mortem cycling of their previous forms. Sometimes overlaps with Died During Production. Compare Grand Finale, and compare and contrast Posthumous Credit and Fatal Method Acting. For characters in-story who engage in final acts of daring or accomplishment, see The Last Dance.


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    Anime and Manga 
  • The Tale of the Princess Kaguya was Isao Takahata's final film as a director for Studio Ghibli. Even though the film was a box-office failure, it received critical acclaim. Not long after completing this film, Takahata retired and eventually died of lung cancer on April 26, 2018.
  • The Oresuki OVA was the last work by Connect before its parent company SILVER LINK. dissolved it and absorbed it.
  • Dragon Ball Super: Broly was the last time Chris Ayres portrayed Frieza. While the role had been passed on to Daman Mills in the games and later episodes of Dragon Ball Super due to his struggles with COPD, he returned in Broly to voice Frieza once final time, albeit prepared to stop recording mid-session and leave for a lung transplant if need be, per Christopher Sabat. Ayres would peacefully pass away on October 18, 2021.

    Comic Books 
  • Tintin and the Picaros from 1976 would become Hergé's last finished Tintin album, but he still worked on the ultimately unfinished Tintin and Alph-Art until his death in 1983. Hergé was in poor health though, so he always knew that even if he managed to finish that album, it would be the last one.

  • From Russia with Love: Pedro Armendariz (Ali Kerim Bey) was dying of cancer during filming. He knew this, but kept going in order to assure his family financial resources. In various scenes, he simply couldn't walk and had to have a body double. Shortly after finishing all of his scenes, he committed suicide because of the pain, four months before the release of the film.
  • Invoked by director Garry Marshall in order to persuade Jackie Gleason to co-star in Nothing in Common. Marshall approached Gleason and basically said "do you really want your final film to have been Smokey and the Bandit Part 3?"
  • Also invoked on Street Fighter: Raúl Juliá knew he was dying of cancer and decided to be part of the production because it would provide a paycheck large enough to help his family when he was gone, and because his children liked the game a lot.
  • Christopher Lee's last role was a voice acting one in the independent film Angels in Notting Hill, which he completed a few weeks before passing away in 2015. His last scene has him voicing Mr. President, a magical living plush dog with some eerie dialogue. It was intentionally so according to director Michael Pakleppa.
    Mr. President: I will dream of you. Have a good life, Geoffrey.
    Geoffrey: I'll miss you, a lot.
    Mr. President: Don't dare, or I'll haunt your dreams. (vanishes)
  • Atlantis: The Lost Empire: This was the final role for Jim Varney, the voice of Cookie, who died more than a year before it came out. He was dying of lung cancer at the time, and he performed the role knowing full-well he wouldn't live to see the finished film.
  • Ernest Borgnine's last film role was voicing Slink the Mouse for the 2011 animated film The Lion of Judah. The film came out a year before his passing on July 8, 2012.
  • The Shootist was the final film for John Wayne before he died of cancer three years later.
  • Edward G. Robinson was dying from cancer as he made Soylent Green. His character has an extended death scene in the film, and it was the last scene that Robinson shot; he passed on just a few days later.
  • Orson Welles' final role was the voice of Unicron in The Transformers: The Movie, his lines being recorded a mere five days before his death.
  • Up: The Latin American Spanish dub was Tito Reséndiz's final film before he died of lung cancer on May 20, 2009.
  • Jetsons: The Movie was the swan song for both lead voice actor George O'Hanlon, who had suffered a debilitating stroke prior to production and died of a second stroke in the recording studio, and Mel Blanc, who recorded his lines for Mr. Spacely in the hospital before passing away from complications of emphysema and coronary artery disease. It was also the final theatrical film directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.

  • Former US President Ulysses S. Grant knew he was dying of throat cancer so he put all his energy into writing his memoirs, in order to provide for his family after he was gone. He died two days after completion.

  • Although the last piece Ludwig van Beethoven completed before his death was the shorter finale that replaced the Grosse Fuge in his String Quartet No.13 in B-flat (the Grosse Fuge is now more usually performed as a standalone work), the last full-length work he completed was his String Quartet No.16 in F. The finale is subtitled "Der schwer gefaßte Entschluß" ("The difficult decision") and features a slow motif marked "Muß es sein?" ("Must it be?") and a contrasting faster motif marked "Es muß sein!" ("It must be!"); while the meaning of these questions is the subject of much debate, the theory that Beethoven was reflecting on his mortality is one of the more popular.
  • Queen:
    • Their last song within Freddie Mercury's lifetime, "The Show Must Go On", is about Mercury facing death with dignity. When Brian May presented the demo to Freddie, he had doubts that the latter would be able to sing due to his illness at the time. When the time came to record the vocals, Mercury drank a measure of vodka and said "I'll fucking do it, darling!", then recorded it in one take.
      The show must go on
      The show must go on, yeah
      Oooh inside my heart is breaking
      My make-up may be flaking
      But my smile still stays on
    • The last song Freddie wrote by himself, "A Winter's Tale", was coincidentally inspired by watching the swans at Lake Geneva, therefore being his swan song in more than one way. It was recorded after "The Show Must Go On" and "These Are the Days of Our Lives" but before "Mother Love", which he and Brian wrote together.
    • As far as music videos go, "These Are the Days of Our Lives" was the last time Freddie appeared. By this point, his illness had progressed to the point where he needed to wear make-up and have the video shot in monochrome in order to hide how gaunt and physically weak he had become, but he nonetheless delivered a stellar performance that belied his failing health.
  • David Bowie's final album, , was written and recorded while he was suffering from liver cancer, and released on his 69th birthday, two days before his death. The whole thing eerily alludes to the fact that it was the end of the road for him.
  • Nobody died (yet), but Abbey Road was intended to be this for The Beatles. After the disastrous Get Back sessions, they decided to pull it together for one more album before their breakup. However, Apple Records brought in Phil Spector to salvage the Get Back tapes, and the result was Let It Be, the band's chronological final album.
  • J Dilla's last two albums he recorded, Donuts and The Shining, were recorded as he was dying from both lupus and an incurable blood disease, and were consciously crafted as his goodbyes to his family and colleagues. Donuts was all-but completed while he was in the hospital (he produced 29 out of the album's 31 tracks while completely bedridden), but Dilla eventually got too sick to complete The Shining, which was 75 percent complete. So he entrusted friend and producer Karriem Riggins to finish it. Dilla's true swan song, however, was something he never officially released: The very last beat he created mere hours before dying. According to Questlove, who played the beat during a Red Bull Music seminar, Dilla had gotten so sick, he couldn't speak, and instead expressed himself through music. Sampling "America Eats Its Young", the instrumental's claustrophobic and heavy atmosphere reflected Dilla's thoughts during his last moments on the mortal coil.
  • Warren Zevon's last album, The Wind, was written and recorded against his impending death from mesothelioma. It opens with a reflection on his "Dirty Life and Times," includes a cover of "Knocking on Heaven's Door," and closes with the melancholy "Keep Me In Your Heart." He passed away two weeks after its release.
  • Sylvester's 1982 single "Do You Wanna Funk" was the final song produced by Patrick Cowley, who died of AIDS in November of that year. Sylvester himself lived for six more years before succumbing to the disease, with the posthumously-released Immortal being his own swan song.
  • Klaus Schulze recorded his final album, Deus Arrakis, in the face of chronic renal failure, which claimed him on April 26, 2022.
  • Similar to Abbey Road, when Sentenced recorded their Grand Finale The Funeral Album no one was actually dying, but the band itself was very much falling apart due to personal conflicts as well as the lead singer Ville Laihiala's growing disinterest, but the group ultimately decided to make one last album with a limited tour and go out in a blaze of glory rather than simply fade out.
  • "Heal My Broken Heart", by Solarstone featuring Elizabeth Fields, was the latter's final recording before she died of pancreatic cancer on October 18, 2020.
  • Motörhead released the album Bad Magic in August 2015, five months before the death of lead singer Lemmy Kilmister (and the subsequent end of Motorhead). Bad Magic featured the uncharacteristically solemn "'Til The End", where Lemmy tearfully sings about the approaching end of his life and how he's lived life to the fullest with no regrets. Coupled with this long-known health issues (revealed to be terminal brain and neck cancer after his death), this makes the intent of the album as a Swan Song pretty evident.

    Mythology and Religion 
  • The Trope Namer, the ancient Greek myth that a swan—a bird normally not known for its musical abilities—will sing a most beautiful melody just before it dies.

    Video Games 
  • Satoru Iwata, the president of Nintendo from 2002 to 2015, has the Nintendo Switch. The Switch was greenlit under his watch and he was incredibly hands-on with the system's development, serving as project lead while he was alive and giving heavy technology input for the device's form factor and features. He also prepped the software divisions at Nintendo for future Switch projects by restructuring the company's previously disparate console and handheld development teams. Iwata would die in July 2015, over a year before the Switch would hit market.
  • Final Fantasy was intended to be one of these — nobody was dying (contrary to urban legend, the company wasn't even having financial troubles), but director Hironobu Sakaguchi's last few games had flopped, so he planned to quit the company after completing one last gamenote . It turned out not to be so final, in the end.
  • "Episode Ardyn" has become this for Final Fantasy XV following director Hajime Tabata's departure from Square Enix and the subsequent cancellation of the rest of the game's planned DLC campaigns.
  • The old Irrational Games releases the massively popular and acclaimed BioShock Infinite before changing business models and downsizing drastically. Among other things, they wanted to make BSI their best product yet to make sure all of their employees who found themselves out of job had an amazing game on their portfolios.
  • Wizardry 8 was the swan song for its developer, Sir-Tech Canada, who closed its doors soon after its release, ending the twenty years-old series with a bang—unlike many other classic series of the Golden Age of Western RPGs. W8 can also be considered a swan song of the Golden Age itself, as it was the last great game to exemplify the design paradigms and virtues typical for this period of the genre's history.
  • From early 2014 until her death in late 2018, Toshiko Fujita was in failing health that left her largely unable to continue her work as a voice actress. Before she lost her battle with breast cancer late 2018, she reprised one of her roles, Dai from Dragon Quest: The Adventure of Dai, in Jump Force.
  • Around the 2010s, Fire Emblem had been in a steady decline and was about to be cancelled, so Intelligent Systems decided to go all out with Fire Emblem: Awakening, basically indulging in Continuity Porn to the older series and ending on a high note instead of a bittersweet one. However, like the Final Fantasy example above, it instead revitalized the series and brought it back into one of Nintendo's main franchises.
  • Billy Kametz's role as Tearer in AI: The Somnium Files - nirvanA Initiative as well as his role as Ferdinand von Aegir in Fire Emblem Warriors: Three Hopes would be his final roles before passing away on June 9, 2022.
  • Puyo Puyo Fever was Sega's swan song as a first-party developer. It was the last game they have ever released for the Sega Dreamcast, and by extension, their own consoles.
  • Segagaga also qualifies as a swan song for the Sega Dreamcast. In essence, it represented the point where Sega accepted they were bowing out of the console industry, and thus, stopped giving a shit and decided to go balls-to-the-wall with this light-hearted Self-Parody.
  • The original English release of Kingdom Hearts: 358/2 Days has the very last performance Wayne Allwine recorded, both as Mickey Mouse and in general, before he died. He was narrowly the longest lasting official voice actor for the character by that point.
  • Batsugun was Toaplan's final shmup before they declared bankruptcy. While not Toaplan's last game overall — that honor goes to Snow Bros 2 which was released the following year — Batsugun in particular was the final game that they would pour all their heart and soul into, with absolutely dazzling weapons and thick and structures enemy bullet patterns that would serve as the standard for many shmups going forward.
  • The life-sim and adventure game Disney Dreamlight Valley, will mark Pat Carroll's final performance as Ursula before her passing on July 31, 2022. She managed to record new bits of dialogue and laughs for the character.
  • Suicide Squad: Kill the Justice League marks Kevin Conroy's final performance as Batman before his passing from colon cancer on November 10, 2022 and will be released posthumously. The reveal of his role in the game at the 2022 Game Awards was also an In Memoriam.
  • Power Rangers: Battle for the Grid marks Jason David Frank's final performance as Tommy Oliver before his death in 2022.

    Western Animation