The defining trait of the Bourgeois Bohemian (Bobo for short) is that, while they belong to the upper or upper-middle class in socioeconomic terms, their values are often inherited from the New Left and countercultural movements of the 1960s. Expect very open attitudes towards issues such as religion, sexuality, and recreational drugs, as well as support for liberal or progressive political causes. A fondness for state-owned/funded media — e.g. NPR (National Public Radio, USA), PBS (Public Broadcasting System, USA), CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation), The BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation), and The ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) — is also common, as is a tendency to shop at places like the USA's "organic" Whole Foods Market chain.
Unsympathetic examples of the trope will often be portrayed as being hypocritical about their wealth, criticizing other wealthy elites while sharing much of their lifestyle. Sympathetic portrayals will usually suggest that progressive principles and wealth aren't incompatible, and may, in fact, invoke such ideals as the "Gospel of wealth" or noblesse oblige as a justification for it.
The trope originated as an insulting depiction in the 1890s, and among Socialists rather than the nationalists, with Populists in the United States and Labourites in Britain using it to mock their more bourgeois liberal/socialist counterparts. These people have also been called "champagne socialists" in the U.K., "gauche caviar" in France, and "limousine liberals" or "latte liberals" in the U.S. Anti-liberal and anti-socialist nationalists and conservatives began to co-opt it in the mid-20th century. The term itself, however, comes from the 2000 book Bobos in Paradise by The New York Times's conservative columnist David Brooks. Brooks identified "bobos" as Baby Boomers like himself who had grown up with the individualistic, do-it-yourself ethos of the 1960s counterculture, but now found themselves in The '90s as well-off middle-aged professionals.
Often someone's Hippie Parents, and often Self-Made Man and Nouveau Riche, having earned their comfortable living after a poor and rebellious youth. Compare with Yuppie which is what a Bourgeois Bohemian would've been during The '80s had they been more materialistic, class conscious, and obsessed with Simple, yet Opulent Conspicuous Consumption.
See also: The Man Is Sticking It to the Man, Rich Kid Turned Social Activist, Rule-Abiding Rebel, Fox News Liberal, and Upper-Class Twit. If the aging character becomes conservative rather than retains their counterculture values, they're a Former Teen Rebel. Bourgeois Bumpkin is almost this trope, but with the political ideology flipped and combined with It's All About Me. Cool People Rebel Against Authority may motivate young Hipster Bobos.
This has nothing to do with the upper-middle-class citizens of a region in the Czech Republic.
- Underground Comics artist Mary Fleener met some of these people. Like an ex-hippie girl turned stereotypical yuppie and a former (female) drug dealer who became a realtor.
- In Runaways, Frank and Leslie Dean are an extremely cynical version of the Bourgeois Bohemian, pretending to be reformed hippies in order to disguise the fact that they're actually alien criminals.
- Oliver Queen, aka Green Arrow, has become the main superhero comics representative of this archetype over the years. Quite how rich and powerful he is, and quite how sincere and thoughtful his politics are, tends to vary with how sympathetically the writer views him.
- Persepolis: Marjane's parents. They staunchly oppose the Shah and later the Islamic fundamentalists due to their violations of human rights. At the same time, they're prosperous and keep a girl (then woman) whom they basically adopted during her childhood as their live-in servant, thinking nothing of it.
- Most of the original main characters in Doonesbury are this, to the point where it actually becomes a plot point in the Animated Adaptation A Doonesbury Special.
- British cartoonist Posy Simmonds spent much of the 1980s satirizing this type of person in her comic strips for The Guardian, whose readership tended that way.
- Vitriolically parodied in John Fardell's Viz strips "The Modern Parents" and "The Critics". The protagonists of both are wealthy, privileged cultural leftists with shallow, ignorant politics, who are massively socially and intellectually snobbish.
- Anywhere But Here: Unlike the rest of her family, Pink had aspirations of joining the arts (singing mostly) and had various negative things to say about her family's company, both in how it exploits its workers and how much it damages the environment. When it was made clear that her parents and grandmother did not care whether she wanted to join the family business or not, she ended up running away with Pearl, faking her own death and became active protester Rose.
- Greg's parents (Dustin Hoffman and Barbara Streisand) in Meet the Fockers: They are pretty much well-off, and they also embrace some pretty weird activities (an over-the-top parody of New Age beliefs popular at the time).
- Ben Stiller's real parents in Flirting with Disaster (played by Alan Alda and Lily Tomlin) are a pair of aging, affluent hippies who still use drugs recreationally.
- Jane in It's Complicated, though her ex-husband seems to be more of the businessman type.
- Everybody in The Big Chill, having been part of the '60s counterculture while studying at the University of Michigan.
- Varying degrees in the main characters in The Decline of the American Empire and The Barbarian Invasions, by Quebecois director Denys Arcand. They like to talk about sex and left-wing politics and the emptiness of conventional morality, but they're all super-bourgeois types that drink wine and eat fancy salmon dinners.
- Coherence: This is Beth's characterization. The film takes place in her very nice home, so she's obviously wealthy. She mentions a number of New Age beliefs and habitually uses recreational drugs.
- Ferdinand in Pierrot Le Fou is so pissed off by this type that he abandons his family and goes on an existentialist rampage with his children's nanny.
- Cleo in The Scribbler. She dresses in hippie/gypsy garb, her speech tends towards Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness, and she doesn't go anywhere without her pet boa constrictor draped around her shoulders.
- Dean and Missy Armitage in Get Out (2017) are a villainous example. Upper-middle-class suburbanites who go out of their way to present themselves as progressive and non-racist people, this doesn't stop them from being incredibly condescending towards Chris, treating young black people like human props, and ultimately stealing their bodies so they can enjoy extended lives with the "physical advantages" of being young and black.
- Trumbo: Dalton Trumbo is a wealthy screenwriter as well as an unashamed Communist, as was Truth in Television.
- Knives Out has Joni Thrombrey and her daughter Meg as another negative example. Joni is a lifestyle guru who was married to the wealthy Harlan Thrombrey's son before he died, while Meg is a college student majoring in an obscure social science major at an expensive liberal arts college. Both of them espouse progressive, left-wing views while relying on Harlan's money to fund their expensive lifestyles. Once it's revealed that Harlan has cut them out of his will after discovering Joni was embezzling him and plans on giving everything to his underprivileged, in-house nurse and friend Marta, the two of them show their true colors and attempt to blackmail her into giving the inheritance to them by threatening to get her mother deported so they can continue to live their comfy, superficial lifestyles.
- Irresistible: A Democratic mayoral candidate for a small Wisconsin town must fly to Washington DC to have a fundraiser luncheon with wealthy liberals who will ultimately donate millions of dollars to his campaign. The main character, a Democratic political strategist, is himself an example, being liberal as well as culturally out of touch with working-class America.
- 1632: Thomas "Stoner" Stone is a last-wave hippie, whose knowledge of chemistry (he made LSD in the sixties) has made him one of the richest men in Europe, with a personal fortune that rivals that of many nations. He is completely devoted to the ideals of peace, love, and understanding, in word and deed. For example, he refuses payment for all medicines he makes, only making money from dyes and cosmetics. Profiting from people's vanity is OK, profiting from their pain is not.
- In The Island, India is an example of this, although her sister Birdie is much more conservative. India is the widow of a famous artist and herself is a college professor.
- The Chalfen family of White Teeth is a mixed Jewish/Catholic couple (though they don't practice either religion) who were former hippies with a strong interest in Hinduism and other "alternative" religions. The novel shows that, about two decades later, they are raising a family of overachieving children in a suburb in North London. While (to their credit) the Chalfens send their kids to a comprehensive, they are also shown (by their magazine subscriptions) to be strong aficionados of socialism, anarchism, what-have-you despite their material comfort (the mother is a successful author of gardening books, while the father is a cutting-edge genetic engineer). The book portrays them more or less sympathetically: they are not arrogant or hypocritical, just incredibly clueless about reality (like when they take a gang member who goes to their kids' school under their wing and show him great compassion even though he is very angry and rude and a potential terrorist).
- Young Jolyon from The Forsyte Saga is very much a political liberal by the standards of the time. He left his first wife and his eldest daughter to live with another woman, start a family with her and become an artist. And even after he inherits his father's fortune, which makes it possible for him to raise also his younger three children in an upper-middle-class lifestyle, he sticks by his ideals and remains the antipole to his conservative cousin Soames.
- In Madicken, Madicken's father is a newspaper editor, so he's rich enough to give his daughters a privileged upper-middle-class upbringing. And the family belongs to the upper crust of the small town. Even so, he is proud to be a socialist and gets really angry when other rich people treat poor people badly.
- Sir Henry Merrivale is the 1930s equivalent: from an aristocratic family, he's nevertheless a Socialist who enjoys an evening in the pub playing darts with the proletariat.
- Family Ties, which is centered around the conflicts between Bobo parents and their Reaganite conservative offspring.
- The Hillard-Findlay family from Maude is an early example: An upper-middle-class household which supports the liberal side of the main issues of the 1970s, most notably feminism.
- thirtysomething also lives for this trope. All of the main characters first became friends as part of the '60s counterculture, and have become standard-issue '80s yuppies.
- Nora Walker on Brothers & Sisters, who is a classic upper-middle-class housewife who drives a Prius and fervently supports socially-liberal causes, but lives in a huge house and throws extravagant parties.
- Paul Kinsey on Mad Men is the beatnik version.
- Portlandia makes fun of the counter-culture scene of Portland, Oregon. Many characters are middle-aged professionals with bohemian values.
- You could also definitely include Warren and Lois Whelan—Debra's wealthy (or at least upper-middle-class) parents—from Everybody Loves Raymond. When they first appear, Ray, Frank, and Marie are not looking forward to it, groaning about how much Warren and Lois basically embody this trope to a tee, and how different their own blue-collar family is from the Whelans. When they arrive later in the episode, Hilarity Ensues obviously. Over the course of the series, Warren and Lois continue to embody this trope, leading to more awkwardness (and hilarity) when they and the Barones interact.
- George in Bored to Death, played by Ted Danson, is a pot-smoking hippie who runs a magazine similar to The New Yorker. He's quite wealthy but still has his left-wing lifestyle and opinions. In the second season, he suffers a serious clash of cultures when his magazine is bought out by a right-wing organization.
- French Canadian sketch comedy Les Bobos is Exactly What It Says on the Tin: a satirical depiction of a couple of Bourgeois Bohemians living in Montreal's hippest neighborhood.
- In Saxondale Tommy Saxondale and Mags are a New-Age Retro Hippie and Granola Girl respectively but live in a fairly middle-class suburban neighborhood, and own their own businesses. Of course, being a Brit Com, this contradiction is the whole point of the show.
- The Fourth Doctor in Doctor Who is an extremely weird variation of this archetype. His appearance and personality are modelled on Victorian bohemians like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Oscar Wilde, but he has as much material wealth as he needs, is technically a Lord and possesses lots of stereotypically upper-class mannerisms and interests. He makes a great show of being anti-authoritarian and his hatred of it is genuine, but spends much of his run as the puppet of the Time Lords, fulfilling their orders (although he does show notable resentment whenever he's aware this is happening and usually only plays along because not doing so would be catastrophic on a potentially world-or-universe-ending level, which the Time Lords of course exploit).
- Frankie of Grace and Frankie, is a combination of Hippie, New Age, and far-left stereotypes. But she is also clearly accustomed to the high standard of living she enjoyed as a lawyer's wife and has a history of making expensive purchases, ironically intended to help her get more in touch with the spiritual and less with the material.
- Dickinson: Thoreau came off like this. Despite his claims about "living alone in the woods" he was actually right near civilization, his mother doing the cooking and his laundry. He's a well-off man who can quit whenever he'd like, and is only indulging in this haphazardly to make a point of valuing nature.
- Phil Ochs' "Love Me, I'm a Liberal" attacks this type from the left.
- "Weird Al" Yankovic's "I'll Be Mellow When I'm Dead", a Take That! to the bourgeois bohemian, hippie, and yuppie lifestyles:
I don't care about your karma, I don't care about what's hip, No space cadet's gonna tell me what to do...
I can't stand the smell of incense, I don't really like to jog, No Joni Mitchell eight-tracks in my car;
I hate anything organic, even health food makes me sick, You won't catch me sipping Perrier down in some sushi bar.
I don't want no part of that vegetarian scene, I won't buy me a pair of designer jeans, No redwood hot tub to my name...
- This sort of character is referenced in Don Henley's haunting hit song "The Boys of Summer," which is about aging and looking back at the past. The particularly poignant line "saw a Deadhead sticker on a Cadillac" paints a harsh image of contrast: The Grateful Dead represented a freewheeling lifestyle (they openly encouraged bootlegging and it is a large part of Deadhead culture), while Cadillacs are expensive symbols of luxury and social status. (The Ataris' cover version changes the sticker to Black Flag, which became ironic when Black Flag singer Henry Rollins started pitching for Infiniti.)
- "Les Bobos", a song by French singer Renaud, is Exactly What It Says on the Tin: a satirical portrayal of Bourgeois Bohemians. At the end of the song, the singer acknowledges that he may be one of them.
- The Pulp song "Common People" is a Take That! to one of these.
Rent a flat above a shop
Cut your hair and get a job
Smoke some fags and play some pool
Pretend you never went to school
But still you'll never get it right
'Cos when you're laid in bed at night
Watching roaches climb the wall
If you called your Dad he could stop it all
- Mocked in the Dead Kennedys song "Holiday in Cambodia"
Play ethnicky jazz
To parade your snazz
On your five grand stereo
Braggin' that you know
How the niggers feel cold
And the slums got so much soul
- Keating! The Musical has the title character assure the audience that "there's nothing wrong with being inner-city elite" in his first song. Paul Keating, the former Australian Prime Minister on whose career the musical is based, is probably the highest ranking Bobo in Australian history.
- In RENT, a criticism against the character of Mark is that he's from an upper-class background (Scarsdale is a real suburb of New York City and one of the wealthiest in the area), and his poverty is largely self-imposed; even if he doesn't take any help from his parents, he has the skills to land a job in the media but considers that "selling out." Collins is another example, being a college professor between teaching gigs, and what we know of his life implies that he comes from money too.
- The show-within-the-game Impotent Rage in Grand Theft Auto V is a mocking parody of this trope. Its protagonist Braxton Hunter is a billionaire liberal CEO who moonlights as the titular superhero like a mix of Bruce Wayne and Ted Turner, and whose efforts to help the world inevitably make things worse. His Arch-Enemy, the Uberman, is an ultra-libertarian Corrupt Corporate Executive who destroys the environment simply because it's fun and frequently thwarts Impotent Rage largely due to the latter's own incompetence.
- Stuff White People Like's definition of "white people" generally refers to American, metropolitan, bicoastal, college-educated liberals, and includes a lot of Bourgeois Bohemian tastes. The initialism "SWPL" is sometimes used by conservative and right-wing critics as a pejorative term for the type of people described here.
- Though he's technically part of a blue-collar household, Brian Griffin of Family Guy has most of the stereotypical traits of this type, up to and including driving a Toyota Prius.
- In the South Park episode "Smug Alert", the adult residents of San Francisco are portrayed as bourgeois bohemians who are so smug and self-satisfied that they enjoy the smell of their own farts.
- Though typically portrayed as an Upper-Class Twit, Bruce Wayne's (platonic) friend, Veronica Vreeland, on Batman: The Animated Series had donated much of her family's fortune to various charities (mostly stuff relating to animals and the environment, but especially animals). Selina Kyle (a.k.a. Catwoman), who doesn't consider Veronica to a be a "real" animal rights activist, argues that Veronica's only doing what she's doing for appearances and possibly because she feels guilty about all the endangered species her ancestors shot when they were big-game hunters. Bruce Wayne (a.k.a. Batman) has come to Veronica's defense at least once, pointing out that regardless of whatever Veronica's motivation is, she's at least doing something responsible with her money (something that ultimately benefits society), which is way more than what can be said for most of the other rich people in Gotham City (at least from what's seen on the show).
- In Justice League Unlimited, when defending Cadmus' preparations against the Justice League, Green Arrow refers to himself as "an old lefty" and says that "the government must do for people what people can't do for themselves." While he's ultimately proven wrong about Cadmus, he's still portrayed as sympathetic and sincere.