Burn After Reading is a 2008 Black Comedy film written, produced and directed by The Coen Brothers, starring John Malkovich, George Clooney, Tilda Swinton, Frances McDormand, J. K. Simmons, and Brad Pitt. When CIA Analyst Osbourne Cox is forced into retirement, his wife wants to divorce him; however, when an employee at Hardbodies Gym, named Linda, finds a CD containing their financial information — and Cox's unfinished memoirs — she assumes that the CD contains sensitive information, and tries to hold it to ransom.
Anything then resembling a plot promptly collapses inwards as a Love Dodecahedron starts to connect several people, most of whom become extremely paranoid or worse; in fact, the "plot" is best summed up by critic Kirk Honeycutt, who describes it as "an anti-spy thriller in which nothing is at stake, no one acts with intelligence, and everything ends badly."
The film was so well-received it was nominated for the "Best Comedy or Musical" and "Best Lead Actress in a Comedy or Musical" Golden Globes, and was named the second-best film of 2008 by the A.V. Club's Noel Murray.
This film contains examples of:
- An Aesop: Parodied. At the end, the CIA director tries to find a lesson in all that has happened, only to conclude that there is none.CIA Superior: What did we learn, Palmer?
Palmer: I don't know, sir.
CIA Superior: I don't fuckin' know either. I guess we learned... not to do it again.
Palmer: Yes, sir.
CIA Superior: I'm fucked if I know what we did.
Palmer: Yes, sir. Hard to say.
CIA Superior: Jesus fucking Christ.
- The Alcoholic: Ozzie. And he absolutely will not recognize it.
- Alliterative Name: Linda Litzke.
- Ambiguously Gay: Chad.
- Anyone Can Die: There is no Plot Armor for the Plucky Comic Relief (Chad) or the only truly sympathetic character (Ted) in this movie.
- Astronomic Zoom: Done in the opening and closing shot, giving the sense of an omniscient viewer, in this case, the CIA....which is funny when you think about it, as by the end of the movie they really had no idea what the hell just happened.
- Audience Surrogate: The J. K. Simmons character. He's the only one in the movie to point out that basically nothing that has happened makes sense.
- Beige Prose: The few excepts we hear from Ozzie's memoirs make it sound painfully boring.
- Berserk Button: For Ozzie, having to deal with MORONS!!!
- Better Than a Bare Bulb: Without the CIA scenes, the plot would look like a ridiculous, disconnected mess. Just having an omniscient observer acknowledge that the plot is a ridiculous, disconnected mess somehow manages to absolve this.
- Big Good: It says a lot when the CIA is the closest thing to this.
- Black Comedy: As per usual with the Coens.
- Blackmail Backfire: Chad and Linda try to blackmail Osborne, whereupon Hilarity Ensues.
- "Blackmail" Is Such an Ugly Word: Chad likes to see himself as a "Good Samaritan" rather than what he really is.
- Blatant Lies: "I didn't retire, I quit!"
- Bloody Hilarious: Let's just say Chad's ultimate fate is anything but pretty.
- Bookends: The opening and closing Astronomic Zoom shots upon and away from the CIA headquarters.
- Boom, Headshot!: This is what happens to Chad when Harry opens his closet, sees him, and shoots him in the forehead in fright.
- Brainless Beauty: Chad is a personal trainer so he's in excellent shape and he's played by Brad Pitt. He's also possibly one of the dumbest characters ever seen in a Coen Brothers film, which is saying a lot.
- Buffy Speak:"It's like these dates, and numbers, and dates, and numbers, and... numbers, and... I think that's the shit, man."
- Chekhov's Gun: Literally, with Harry's gun.
- The Chew Toy: Extreme examples with Ted and Chad. Everyone else in the plot is a self-centered
sociopathasshole who can't recognize they aren't the most important person in the universe. These two actually decide to help someone else. Think they'll be rewarded for their efforts, or even appreciated? Not in this plot...
- CIA Evil, FBI Good: Played with. When Palmer offers to liase with the FBI over the investigation of the murder of Chad, the CIA director dismissively rejects this, as he doesn't want "those idiots bungling around in all this." On the whole, however, while the director's not exactly shy about disappearing inconvenient bodies or allowing guilty people to more or less go free to prevent embarrassment to the agency, he (and by extension the CIA) come off less evil and more befuddled by what's going on.
- Cleanup Crew: The reason the police never get involved is that the CIA are running around disposing of the bodies before the police can find them and drag a story into the open that might embarrass the Agency.
- Clint Squint: Chad tries to give Osbourne Cox one when they first meet. He fails hilariously.
- Cluster F-Bomb: Osbourne on multiple occasions, Harry when he discovers Chad in his closet after he accidentally shoots him, and the CIA Superior at the end of the movie. Chad is more fond of the S-word, and uses a Cluster S-Bomb after he discovers a cd of Osbourne's memoirs, which he think is top secret information.
- Comically Missing the Point: Most of the characters in the film. About everything. One example:Osbourne: If you ever carried out your proposed threat, you would experience such a shitstorm of consequences, my friend! Your empty little head would be spinning faster than the wheels of your Schwinn bicycle back there!
Chad: (chuckles) You think that's a Schwinn!
- Compromising Memoirs: Subverted. Cox plans to release his memoirs, which are nothing like as scandalous to the agency as he believes. But then Linda and Chad mistake the memoirs for valuable "spy shit" and try to sell it to the Russians.
- The Coroner Doth Protest Too Much: The ending. Osborne's and Chad's comas/deaths are quickly covered up by the CIA.
- Damn You, Muscle Memory!: Muscle memory makes Harry instinctively draw his gun and kill Chad when startled. Harry doesn't realize what he's done for a couple of minutes afterward.
- Deconstructive Parody: Of crime and spy thrillers. YourMovieSucks even states that Chad & Linda are the type of people who have seen way too many spy thrillers to the point where they misinterpret a harmless memoir transcript as something akin to government secrets.
- Despair Event Horizon: Happens to Harry after he accidentally kills Chad in the closet (he thought he was a spy). Ever since, Harry developed a Hair-Trigger Temper and distant, obsessive behavior due to paranoia and the murder he committed.
- Dogged Nice Guy: Ted.
- Dumb Blond: Chad has blond highlights in his hair to show he's not very bright.
- Even Evil Has Standards: Harry might not be a particularly decent or moral individual, but he is shown to be genuinely traumatised and guilt-ridden after accidentally murdering Chad.
- Evil Sounds Deep: Invoked by Chad when he attempts to act menacing towards Cox by narrowing his eyes and lowering his voice. Unfortunately, he keeps forgetting and reverting back to his normal speech. Hilarity Ensues.
- Failed Attempt at Drama: Chad seems to be trying to look like a thoughtful dramatic lead with furrowed brow and squinted eyes when he confronts Cox with a proposition of reward in exchange for "his shit", but it fails miserably.
- Fan Disservice: Seeing Linda and one of her mystery dates having sex. Do not want.
- Farce: The movie only works because it doesn't even try to maintain a sensical plot.
- Film Within a Film: Coming Up Daisy, a Romantic Comedy directed by Sam Raimi, starring Dermot Mulroney and Claire Danes, and based on a book by Cormac McCarthy.
- Also comes free with an Orphaned Punchline: "Would you come down from there?!" The laughs come from Laura and Harry getting a huge kick from it.
- For Inconvenience, Press "1": Linda has some trouble with this twice.
- Funny Background Event: Near the end, Linda's blind date is on the bench near her. During George Clooney's freak-out, a woman comes to meet him, who looks exactly like her.
- Gambit Pileup: Played for Laughs, as everything goes completely screwy in a hurry.
- Gym Bunny: Chad.
- Hypocritical Humor:
- Katie Cox hammers on a table to punctuate as she insists, "I don't hammer!"
- Osbourne Cox rails against the morons and idiots he feels he's surrounded by, but for all his pretensions, he's not as smart as he likes to think.
- Idiot Plot: Done intentionally, not to mention hilariously.
- Improvised Weapon: Ted shows surprising resourcefulness when held at gunpoint, hurling a paperweight at his attacker to throw off his aim and then running for the door with a bullet in his arm.
- Instant Death Bullet: Averted. The only time a character does die from a single bullet, he was shot in the head at point-blank range. But Osborne and Ted both survive being shot, if only barely.
- Jaded Washout: Ozzie, as the film suggests that his Glory Days at the agency weren't half as significant as he thinks they were.
- Jerk Ass: Half of the cast, since there are those like the CIA director and Ted, the former of which is simply lost as to what's going on with the main characters, while the latter is a good, honest man who tries to act as a voice of reason. Then there's Chad, who, putting it mildly, is simply too naive to know what he's getting involved in.
- Jurisdiction Friction:CIA Operative: We'll interface with the FBI regarding the body.
CIA Superior: No, no. God no. We don't need those idiots fucking everything up. Burn the body. Get rid of it.
- Karma Houdini: Linda is quite possibly the most repulsive, selfish character in the entire movie who should have been charged at minimum with treason. She's also the only main character who comes out of the film with what she wanted.
- Course, she's not without her bright spots. She was genuinely concerned for Chad's whereabouts.
- Large Ham: Osborne Cox fits the bill perfectly.
- Leaning on the Fourth Wall:Ted: It's not a phony-baloney Hollywood body.
Linda: That's right, Ted. I would be laughed out of Hollywood.
- Lost Aesop: In-Universe. At the end, the CIA director tries to figure out what exactly the lesson they should take away from this mess is, only to realize that if there was one, it's entirely lost on him.
- Love Dodecahedron: To summarize:
- Osbourne is married to Katie, has his memoirs stolen by Linda, and kills Ted.
Linda is friends with Chad, is oblivious to Ted's attraction, and later goes out with Harry.
Harry is married to Sandy, but having an affair with Linda and Katie, and kills Chad.CIA Officer: They all seem to be sleeping with each other.
- Osbourne is married to Katie, has his memoirs stolen by Linda, and kills Ted.
- Love Makes You Dumb: Ted, the Hardbodies manager.
- Mock Guffin: The aforementioned "shit" is a memoir that probably would have not been published anyway, as the movie suggests Cox's book isn't important or interesting enough that anyone would want to read it.
- Mood Whiplash: We start at casual, there are some laugh-out-loud moments, some tense scenes, followed by some shockingly funny scenes or shockingly sad scenes.
- Mr. Exposition: J.K. Simmons and the associate who keeps him informed of the progression of events (calling it a plot would give it too much credit).
- Mysterious Past: Gym manager Ted's former career as a European Orthodox priest.Ted: Let me tell you something; I wasn't always a manager at Hardbodies. (shows Linda a picture of himself in priest garb) Fourteen years, a Greek Orthodox priest. Congregation in Chevy Chase.
Linda: Well jeez, that's a good job!
Linda: What happened?
Ted: Well... it's a long story. Anyway, in a lot of ways I'm happier now. My point is it's a journey.
- No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: Goes hand-in-hand with Karma Houdini. Several sympathetic and innately good characters get it worst in the end, while the most deplorable and morally bankrupt make out pretty well.
- To review: Linda, who is terribly shallow and greedy, thinks only of her own benefit, and fully intends to sell national secrets to Russia for cash, gets the CIA to pay for her surgeries, and suffers no negative consequences to her actions. Harry, who is a complete sleazebag who constantly cheats on his wife, gets served divorce papers and ends up a paranoid wreck, but otherwise gets away scot-free to Venezuela. Osborne is an alcoholic Jerkass, but at least has good (if very misguided) intentions; he ends up in a coma and borderline braindead. Finally, the characters who get it worst are Chad and Ted, both sweet and sympathetic characters who just try to help; Chad is shot in the head in the second act, while Ted is shot in the arm and hacked to death with a hatchet.
- Oblivious to Love: Ted's love for Linda.
- Oh, Crap!: Chad, when he hears Harry get something metal that clicks out of the drawer, then sees Harry's empty gun holster. You see him put two and two together just before Harry opens the closet and finds Chad inside.
- "Oh, Crap!" Smile: He manages to form one of these just before being shot in the head.
- Only Sane Man: The CIA Director. It speaks to what kind of movie this is that he isn't even given a name. The CIA Officer who relates the tale to him also seems to be doing so in a fashion that suggests he can't quite believe the story he's telling actually happened, but he's not quite as sharp as his boss.
- Also, Ted, the sole voice of reason amongst his colleagues at Hardbodies — and who is always ignored. Poor Ted.
- Precision S Strike: Chad, to the most hilarious effect."I thought you might be worried... about the security... of your shit."
- Properly Paranoid: Though not for the proper reason.
- Really Gets Around: Harry.
- "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Osbourne delivers one each to Chad and Ted.Osbourne: If you ever carried out your proposed threat, you would experience such a shitstorm of consequences, my friend, your empty little head would be spinning faster than the wheels of your Schwinn bicycle back there.
Osbourne: Oh yes, I know very well what you represent. You represent the idiocy of today. Yeah, you're the guy at the gym when I asked about that moronic woman. Oh yes, you see, you're one of the morons I've been fighting my whole life. My whole fucking life. But guess what... Today, I win.
- Red Herring: The secret machine that Harry's working on. Possibly the best rug-pull of the entire film.
- The Reveal: The movie does a fantastic job building up anticipation about what Harry had been secretly constructing in his basement with all those tools. Cue the Dramatic Curtain Toss, and... turns out it's a sex-toy, namely a rocking chair that pushes a dildo up and down.
- Run for the Border: Harry is seized trying to board a flight to Venezuela.Palmer: We had his name on a hot list. CBP pulled him in. Don't know why he was trying to go to Venezuela.
CIA Director: You don't know.
Palmer: No, sir.
CIA Director: We have no extradition with Venezuela.
Palmer: Oh! So what should we do with him?
CIA Director: For fuck's sake, put him on the next flight to Venezuela!
- Second-Hand Storytelling: The ending. And it works.
- Shoo Out the Clowns: The Mood Whiplash moment of Chad's Surprisingly Sudden Death.
- Shoot the Shaggy Dog: Both Chad and Ted lose their lives in vain attempts to gather information at Osborne's house. The Irony is that their Unwitting Instigator of Doom Linda gets out alive, padded with hush money from the CIA. Furthermore, judging by the CIA Director's nonchalant reaction after being told Osbourne's clearance level ("No biggie.") and the Russian embassy staff's reaction to reading them, it's likely his memoirs didn't contain anything the least bit sensitive or revealing, thus rendering all the fuss over them completely pointless.
- Sir Swearsalot: Osbourne Cox is responsible for approximately half of the F-words in the entire film. Unlike other examples, he only curses when he's angry, but since he has a Hair-Trigger Temper, this happens almost all the time.
- Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: It's a Coen Brothers movie. What did you expect, sunshine and rainbows?
- Spiritual Successor: The Big Lebowski was a send-up of the Raymond Chandler/noir staples in which buffoonish characters chase around a plot that really adds up to little, which is the point of the humor. Burn After Reading does the same thing, but with spy/political intrigue tropes.
- The Spook: Harry thinks Chad is this.
- Strange Minds Think Alike: "She's a cold stuck-up bitch."
- Surprisingly Sudden Death: Chad.
- Surrounded by Idiots: Osborne feels this about his entire life.Osborne Cox: You're part of a league of morons. You're one of the morons I have been fighting my whole life. My whole. Fucking. Life.
- Title In: The opening scene at the CIA headquarters is shown with onscreen information about the location.
- Too Dumb to Live: Our Wannabe Secret Agents Chad and Linda. The latter manages to get out alive and scot-free, though.
- Unnecessary Combat Roll: Harry after he has already killed Chad.
- Unwitting Instigator of Doom: Linda sends Chad to Harry's house where he winds up dead, then sends Ted over to find what happened to Chad (who then ALSO ends up dead), then accidentally scares Harry into fleeing the country when she mentions Chad's disappearance in a conversation with him.
- Villain Protagonist: Osborne Cox is, consistently throughout the film, the character who is wronged or victimized the most. Since all the other characters are screwing him over in one way or another (having an affair with his wife, blackmailing him, completely screwing him over in the divorce settlement), that makes them the villains... and the protagonists. May cross over with Hero Antagonist.
- Wannabe Secret Agent: Chad and Linda. When they discover Osborne's manuscript, they falsely believe it to contain classified information that could be sold to the Russian government. A whole ton of Cringe Comedy ensues. Osborne later calls Chad out on his stupidity.
- Waxing Lyrical: As Harry is taking a shower at Osborne's house to wait for Katie, he sings "My Eyes Adored You" and the theme to Born Free.
- Why We Are Bummed Communism Fell: Played with. After being fired, Cox tells his father (who also worked for the CIA) that he quit because after the Cold War it turned into a bureaucracy. However, later on, nobody associated with the CIA can understand why Linda would think to sell Cox's memoirs to the Russian embassy.Osbourne Cox: The Russians? Why the fuck would she go to the Russians? Why the fuck!?!
- With Due Respect: Said by Osborne during his talk with his supervisor in the opening scene.Osborne: Palmer, with all due respect, what the fuck are you talking about?
- Wrong Genre Savvy: Several characters:
- Chad and Linda seem to think that they're in a cool spy film instead of a Black Comedy/farce.
- Harry, who thinks he's killed a spy, when in reality he's killed a gym employee, before assuming that a divorce firm observing him on behalf of his wife is a secret agency investigating the murder. It's then brought up again when, still under the assumption that Chad is spy, Harry assumes that Linda is looking for him on behalf of his agency (and that several strangers in the park are keeping an eye on them too).
- Osborne has a slightly subtler case. While there's no indication that his CD contains actual classified information or valuable secrets, Osborne thinks his warmed-over ruminations about old news are the makings of a bestselling "Washington tell-all" book. He believes himself to be the wise Washington insider whose insights will be greatly valued, instead of the mid-level drunken asshole he really is.
- Ted thinks he's in Real Life. As the Only Sane Man, he does eventually learn better, but it's too late.
- Your Cheating Heart: Harry is cheating on his wife Sandy with Osbourne's wife Katie, and on both of them with Linda (who has sex with a blind date who turns out to be married himself). Meanwhile, unknown to Harry, Sandy's having an affair of her own. It's odd that as much of an asshole as Ozzie is, he's the only faithful spouse in the movie.