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War Is Hell / Live-Action Films

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  • Twenty-Four Eyes is a Japanese film that dramatizes the misery that war brings to a little fishing village in The '30s and The '40s, centering on a teacher and her students as they age. The teacher loses her husband to the war, three of the male students are killed, another is blinded, and one of the female students contracts tuberculosis after being mobilized to work in a factory.
  • 1916 anti-war film Civilization presents savage, vicious battle sequences, with vicious trench warfare, civilians getting caught in the crossfire, dogs rooting through corpses.
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  • Rambo: The war will never end for those who fought it.
  • Saving Private Ryan: the meat-grinder of the D-Day landings: the traumatic chaos and helplessness in the face of extreme violence. In fact the opening played down what a nightmare the Omaha Beach landing was by showing it being over relatively quickly. Extend that scene out to a day if you want to imagine the real thing. Also, that was after the defense was fooled in moving more than half of their forces away. Imagine how a full frontal assault would have gone down!
  • Black Hawk Down: A war where the people you are nominally fighting for are also the enemy: the experience of fighting an unwinnable war. Also see War Is Glorious, for the other side of the story.
  • Interestingly, Troma got in on this trope with Combat Shock, an extremely brutal and bleak depiction of The Vietnam War and one veteran's attempt to rebuild his life. He ends up having a flashback and murdering his wife and young child. He snaps out of it, realizes what he just did, and kills himself.
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  • Das Boot: Set in 1942, follows the story of a real life submarine and its crew. Few movies manage to convey a sense of terror, futility and frustration all at once and with such skill.
  • In the Finnish film Winter War from 1989 the eponymous conflict is depicted as a grueling struggle for survival against seemingly inexhaustible Soviet hordes backed by abundant artillery and aerial firepower. Most of the main characters do not make it to the end of the film, while the Red Army soldiers don't fare much better as they are mowed down like grass with each attack against the Finnish lines.
  • The Thin Red Line: American soldiers faced with the brutality of the World War II Japanese military struggling not to commit retaliatory war crimes. Lots of Gray and Gray Morality, honest Tear Jerker moments and serious contemplation about whether war is an inevitable part of human civilization or not.
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  • Godzilla (1954) is what happens when you take the tragedies of post-war Japan, and transform it into a Kaiju film. The film does not sugarcoat the hell the Japanese went through during World War II, and one of its main characters is a Shell-Shocked Veteran. The film is also a re-enactment to the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but it also treats the titular monster as a victim to the same nuclear warfare as Japan did.
  • Almost anything set in The Vietnam War.
    • Full Metal Jacket: most famous for depiction of dehumanising military training.
    • Platoon. Set in Vietnam, this movie does not attempt balance: it is an all-out War Is Hell work. It contains war crimes including murder and attempted rape, graphic imagery of violent death and maiming, PTSD, drug use, mistaken fire on friendly units, and focuses on lethal infighting. note 
    • Apocalypse Now for the use of War Is Hell surrealism as the engine that transforms Willard and sets up the final confrontation and the Heart of Darkness revelation. Kurtz whispering "The horror ... the horror..." while dying is now a classic image of anti-war cinema. Interestingly enough Apocalypse Now also turns up in War Is Glorious.
    • The Deer Hunter. Hellish experience while in Vietnam. Shell shock when returning. And then gets even worse for the attempted rescue of one who got left behind. Given to their experiences in war, even work at Steel Mill feels a leisurely activity.
    • Hamburger Hill
    • The Boys in Company C focuses on the psychological side of Vietnam and suffering of poor leadership.
    • We Were Soldiers, after Lt. Herrick's platoon spends a full day and night trapped behind enemy lines fighting for their lives, the survivors, lead by Sergeant Savage, are finally rescued and reunited with their battalion. A dirt-and-blood covered Sergeant Savage meets with Sergeant Major Plumley:
    Sergeant Major Plumley: That's a nice day, Sergeant Savage.
    • Even Operation: Dumbo Drop has this as it portrays the hypocrisy of the US Army's "Hearts and Minds" campaign (they try to win civilian support only when it suits them) and how the average civilian doesn't really care who wins the war.
  • Lord of War: Those who suffer in war are rarely those who benefit and conflict need not be just. The special horror of feeding murder and destruction for monetary gain.
  • Gallipoli: exuberant and naive boys from outback Australia go to war. Their illusions are shattered in the botched assault landings at Gallipoli.
  • Paths of Glory. Set in World War I, it shows the brutality of war, and depicts cruel, incompetent, and corrupt Armchair Generals.
  • The Russian film Come and See is about a little boy turned partisan during World War II. It ends in insanity and shows incredible cruelty on both sides. The title itself is a reference to the biblical Apocalypse.
  • Another good example: Purgatory (Chistilishe in Russian). Is about first Chechen war. Takes violence to a whole new level.
  • The Guns of Navarone. Every win comes at a price. The line which separates right and wrong becomes very blurry in pursuit of victory. After the team escapes captivity, the Nazis torch the village of Mandrakos. Imagine what they will do to every village in Navarone now that the guns are destroyed. Finally, Butcher Brown suffers Post Traumatic Stress Disorder after his combat in the Spanish Civil War.
  • The Hunger Games: Mockingjay part 1 and 2 both show mass murder on civilians, up to genocide.
  • Played word for word in Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls, when the pet detective says the following words to the native Wachoochoo tribe:
    " hell! The last thing we a fight!"
    • Which his partner, one of the native Wachatis, translates as "I want to fight go to hell!"
  • Zhang Yimou's Red Sorghum shows the effect of the Second Sino-Japanese War note  on one man's family; focusing on the narrator's grandmother's sorghum-liquor distillery.
  • Zhang Yimou's To Live: the main characters, touring China with a traditional Chinese shadow-puppet troupe, are impressed into the Nationalist army during the Chinese Civil War. They fall asleep one night and wake up to find that a battle has taken place; the field is strewn with bodies, most of them Nationalist, and their friend's brother's body is found among the carnage. They surrender to the advancing Communists, who have them enlist when they find that their new captives can entertain them with shadow puppets.
  • Hunter and Ramsey discuss the theories and philosophy of Von Clausewitz over dinner in Crimson Tide. Hunter comes to the conclusion not that War is Hell, but that War is Doom. note  Still, the psychological toll on the crew of the imminence of nuclear launch (and the ramifications thereof), of damage taken, and the known presence but unknown location of enemy attack submarines is clearly portrayed.
    Hunter: In my humble opinion, in the nuclear world, the true enemy is war itself.
  • Die Brücke. During the final days of WW2, a number of freshly-drafted and (at first) still enthusiastic German kids fight and die one by one in order to hold an ultimately irrelevant bridge against the American advance.
  • The pair of movies Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima show this viewpoint when taken together. Both movies present war fairly honestly from each sides' perspective and could be taken to glorify war individually. However, watching a movie where you sympathize with the characters and their motivations on one side of the most bloody and desperate battles in World War II, then watch a movie where you sympathize with characters and their motivations on the other side of the same combat, and realize that there is no possible way things can turn out better for one group without terrible, terrible things having happened to the other... well that is pretty effective.
  • Cross of Iron; a squad of war weary German veterans are on the eastern front in 1943.
  • The Hurt Locker, about a bomb defusing squad during the current War on Terror. Besides the fact that the protagonist might like the tension a bit too much, clearly shows how bad things are in Iraq.
  • All Quiet on the Western Front is a famous war film set in WWI about several German graduates who naively choose to go to war only to find a world of brutal training and pointless death. It is also considered one of the greatest films ever made, and one of the anti war films ever made, if not the best. The fight scenes are so realistic that they are still being used in documentaries about WWI to this day.
  • Jarhead: Just sitting in a desert waiting for war to begin is already hell. The fact that it never does for some is absolutely soul crushing and leaves soldiers battling lingering feelings of despair, loneliness, and alienation instead of an enemy on the battlefield.
  • When Trumpets Fade, about the battle of Hürtgen Forest in the autumn of 1944 - a senseless hell of fog, snow, land mines and shrapnel in which suicidal missions are the only way to break the deadlock.
  • The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: The American Civil War is integral to the fabric of the film, and Leone is here to serve it up raw. It is remarkable that film known primarily as a classic Western would use this as a core theme. Tattered armies in retreat. Exhausted, demoralized drunken commanders, chaos, dirt and unregarded bodies in the sun. Corn cobs to eat, scabrous prison camps, and summary justice meted out on the streets. The POW camp commander mentions Andersonville Prison, a hell-on-Earth death camp. He also berates Angel Eyes for the organized bleeding of money from prisoners. The trope is perhaps most strongly in play during the futile fight for a bridge that Blondie and Tuco witness. An unremarked mass of shallow war graves make up the film's final setting.
  • The Polish film Ashes and Diamonds: Alliances not built on trust will quickly crumble. Another war begins just as another ends.
  • Zulu. "Do you think I could stand this butcher's yard more than once?"
    • The film does, however, adhere to the 60s trope of bloodless wounds - including bayonettings. The actual Zulu practice of disemboweling the dead, much referred to in accounts of the Isandlwana battlefield is also not referred to; the British troops found this quite revolting but it was described by the Zulu as a religious rite, allowing the soul of the dead man to escape and not haunt his killer. YMMV on the accuracy of this.
  • How I Won the War seems very comical and satirical, but it has a particularly brutal underbelly. It's viewed and monologued by the Kilgore, however, and manages to at first glance come off as War Is Glorious, at least until you remember he got the rest of his men killed with poorly planned actions, and generally bad training. Mostly a shot at careerist military men who would do anything for a promotion or a medal, as well as being generally incompetent on all fronts, and how costly such a thing is to everyone but them. Without selling or stealing a single physical tangible thing it is still easy to classify Lieutenant Goodbody as a 'war profiteer,' as there is no doubt from the conversations he has with his German counterpart he will no doubt go on to write a best-seller about his 'heroism under fire' and being the sole survivor of his squad.
  • The Patriot: Benjamin Martin helps win the war but his home is destroyed, two of his sons are dead and the other two are forced to kill at a young age, irreversibly changing them both (one is scarred for life, the other likes it too much).
  • In A Very Long Engagement a young, cheerful man is conscripted from his simple and happy country life to fight in World War I. After seeing too much misery he decides to self-mutilate in an attempt to get sent home, but his superior won't allow it, and his superior tears up the pardon. So he's sent in the no-man's area between the two warring factions, gets shot up and ends up so traumatized he loses his memory. The whole film is interspersed with brutally realistic scenes intended to depict the hell of war even more powerfully.
  • While The Enemy Below is more a straight war-adventure-suspense story, it does touch on the aspects: Captain Murrell lost his British wife to a u-boat when he was trying to evacuate her from Britain on his ship when he was a merchant mariner. Von Stolberg has lost his son in battle, and doubts he's on the right side of the war. The two of them—honorable, intelligent, and compassionate men who respect each other's abilities—spend most of the film trying to kill each other.
  • Played straight in War Horse, with the war being hell for horses and men alike.
  • Gettysburg: Depicting a battle in which over 50,000 men were killed or wounded over three days. The 20th Maine started with 1,000 men and has been cut down to 300 because the Union is just using them until there's no one left. Bodies carpet the battlefield and medical treatment is almost as dangerous as going into battle in the first place. Old friends who are like brothers are forced to fight each other, and Pickett's Charge is a hideous mistake that leaves ten thousand men dead on the field.
  • The Crossing: The Darkest Hour for the Continental army. It's cold, wet winter, men are forced to march while sick and wounded and shoeless, thoroughly trounced and dispirited by their failures against the British army. The fighting is brutal and bloody to the degree that you wince on behalf of the Hessians, even knowing that some of these men shot down Washington's own troops when they tried to surrender.
  • Flowers of War: Set during the Rape of Nanjing it shows the effect of what can happen when Chinese civilians, school girls and prostitutes alike, are left at the mercy of a heartless and depraved Japanese occupation force.
  • Ran: "Hell's Picture Scroll"-scene. This was the inspiration for the D-Day sequence in Saving Private Ryan.
  • Hornets' Nest: It begins with the massacre of an entire Italian village. This really sets the tone for a gritty and very unpleasant World War II film where the ugliest aspects of the Designated Hero are on full display. Rape as Drama and Child Soldiers are heavily involved, with a heavy dose of The Revolution Will Not Be Civilized.
  • Vera Drake: We never see it ourselves, but just from the little we hear of war from Stanley, Reg, and Sid, it's obvious that it's taken its toll, particularly on Sid.
  • The Cranes Are Flying is all about the toll that World War II took on the Soviet Union, seen from the perspective of a young woman whose parents and fiance are killed and who is raped along the way.
  • Fury (2014) is when history of World War Two meets the ultra-realism of 2014 art of filmmaking. What makes it especially jarring is that it's set in April, 1945, and everyone in the film knows that the war in the European theatre is over with Germany for all intents and purposes defeated, and yet people still go out and fight and die for something that's already a foregone conclusion.
  • In The Giver, one of the memories Jonas receives *by accident, as The Giver transmitted it to him by mistake during a PTSD flashback) is of The Vietnam War.
  • The Last of the Mohicans: The feeling of helplessness when your home gets attacked when you are away.
  • Tears of the Sun: Watching a nation tear itself apart and not being able to help because you are "neutral".
  • Yamato shows several times in gory detail people getting shot or blown up.
  • The Battle of San Pietro is a 1945 U.S. Army documentary film showing the bloody, brutal battle for the eponymous town. The many shots of corpses, both dead American soldiers and dead Italian civilians, including children, nearly got the film banned. Only the intervention of Chief of Staff George C. Marshall got the film shown to the public.
  • The Victors is an example that was unusual for its time.
  • Being based on the battle of El-Alamein from the Italian point of view, it comes to nobody's surprise that El Alamein: The Line of Fire has this. What does surprise is the vicious efficiency they do it with: as the protagonist Serra is being brought to his unit by a Bersagliere on a motorbike we're treated to the Bersagliere being overjoyed when he scavenges a quarter liter of fuel from some abandoned vehicles and warning him of keeping his canteen of pure water (rare in the first line) safe (two veterans steal it at the end of the first scene), and it only goes downhill from there.
  • Free State of Jones: Newt firmly believes this after having seen fighting up close, carrying wounded soldiers off to surgery, in contrast with others, and feels that his nephew was killed for nothing.
  • A 1996 Serbian film Pretty Village, Pretty Flame is set during the Bosnian war and follows a Serbian squad which is stuck in a tunnel, behind enemy lines. What follows is the good old Sanity Slippage.
  • The brutality of World War One and all its horrors are what drove Captain Elliot Spencer of the Hellraiser franchise to his future as Pinhead. So terrible were the things he saw, he fell into a depraved life of carnal excess. To quote the man himself:
    Spencer: God died that day at Flanders.
  • Dawn of the Planet of the Apes: The look on Blue Eyes face as he watches waves of his fellow apes get gunned down in a head on charge against an entrenched enemy in the name of revenge says it all.
  • Thor: Both Odin and Laufey are very familiar with war, and both want to avoid it. Thor, who knows a lot about fighting but nothing about real war, pushes Laufey too far and gets what he wanted.
    Laufey: You know not what your actions would unleash. I do. Go now while I still allow it.
  • Star Wars
    • Rogue One is defined by this trope through and through. Notable members of the otherwise heroic Rebel Alliance are assassins, mercenaries, and saboteurs with some factions willing to commit outright atrocities against Imperial sympathizers. Regular Red Shirt rebel soldiers are mercilessly slaughtered en-masse by Darth Vader and the Imperial War Machine. Even the main heroes aren't exempt from the horrors of war with all of them dying horribly in the climactic battle.
    • The Empire Strikes Back has Yoda comment on this in his introduction.
    Luke: […] I'm looking for a great warrior.
    Yoda: Ahhh! A great warrior. (laughs and shakes his head) Wars not make one great.
    • Return of the Jedi has a minor moment of this during its climatic space-battle: when the Imperial Super Star Destroyer crashes into the Death Star, while his staff cheer, Admiral Akbar just slumps sadly in his command chair. According to the actor, he was supposed to join in the celebrations but he refused, much to the chagrin of the director.
    • Revenge of the Sith also features this trope as a major theme: the Republic is in rough shape after three years of constant war, its capital planet has been attacked, and there are sieges on many other worlds. As well, the Jedi are openly questioning if their role in leading the Republic's army has compromised them morally, and the Senate is under the control of an increasingly dictatorial Palpatine who has used the war as an excuse to amass more power to himself.
    • While Solo is primarily a Space Western, it takes a few minutes to show life from the perspective of the Imperial infantry: frantically running across a mud-covered wasteland, with their fellow soldiers getting blown up left, right and centre, all to score a completely pointless "victory" against some unseen aliens whose home planet they're invading. Oh, and if you're caught trying to desert, you're Fed to the Beast.


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