As we all know, a work's title doesn't always give a reliable indication of its contents. In some works which try to make a point, the title deliberately and sarcastically contradicts the work's message. Often, the title will be (part of) a statement by a character who is clearly shown to be wrong (from the creator's perspective, that is - not necessarily from the audience's).
Done well, this serves to ram the point home in a brutal yet funny way (thus making it a lot more likely that the audience will pay attention to, and remember, the message); done poorly, it will only confuse the audience.
For some reason, this crops up particularly often in Protest Songs, in which it may well overlap with Hail to the Thief. Compare Ironic Episode Title, when the contrast between title and content is one of mood rather than message. Expectedly, there's a lot of overlap with Isn't It Ironic?.
- Fun Home, talks about the often unhappy childhood and family relationships of the author. A bit of a subversion, as it is actually the family nickname for the family business: a funeral home.
- The Prince of Egypt: Moses is the Prince of Egypt; his brother Rameses ascends the throne to become Pharaoh. However, Moses is a former Hebrew slave who specifically rejects his adoptive family's legacy to liberate the Hebrews from bondage.
- Fair Game is about the decidedly unfair things (from the creators' point of view, anyway) which have been done to Cassandra Delaney's character. The title is a play on words, because the phrase "fair game" also refers to animals that are able to be hunted.
- The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford: The film actually shows the injustice of Robert Ford's reputation as a cowardly assassin as well as James' reputation as a murdered folk hero.
- Bobcat Goldthwait's God Bless America is a scathing killing spree Black Comedy.
- The Good Shepherd: Edward Wilson, an emotionless robot who built up the CIA, can hardly be called a good shepherd. Even in his private life he ultimately does more harm than good.
- Henry Evans in The Good Son is anything but.
- The Princess Bride: The title is precisely what Buttercup doesn't want to be, since her betrothed Prince Humperdinck is the Big Bad and her True Love is poor farmhand-turned-pirate Westley. The plot turns on the heroes saving her from becoming the princess bride.
- Brave New World: The title is a Shakespeare quote, in which "brave" means "good" or "beautiful". The point of the book is that the new world it describes is anything but brave.
- Johnny Got His Gun: A book which is fiercely and Anviliciously anti-war. The title comes from the American World War I rallying slogan "Johnny get your gun".
- In A Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift's proposal is that the British solve their "Irish problem" by literally eating the Irish — specifically, poor Irish babies — since they had been figuratively doing this for years.
- George Orwell's essay Such, Such Were the Joys is about his miserable childhood at a Boarding School of Horrors.
- These Words Are True and Faithful: Many of the characters either lie or believe others' lies.
- Workaholics. The guys are total stoner slackers who try to do as little work as possible. You can almost hear the title snarking, "Yeah, these guys, reeaal workaholics they are."
- The Good Place is about people that have died and gone to Heaven, except that they're there by accident and their character flaws are screwing the place up and turning "the Good Place" not-so-good. And then the first season finale reveals that they were never in the Good Place to begin with.
- "Another Day in Paradise" by Phil Collins is about a homeless woman who is either ignored or rejected by whomever she begs for help. The title applies to the much more fortunate people who ignore her. Collins was inspired to write the song after witnessing homelessness and poverty in Washington, D.C. in The '80s.
- "With God On Our Side" by Bob Dylan, from The Times They Are A-Changin'.
- "Für meine Fans" by Knorkator. The title means 'for my fans' in German, implying that the work is meant as a tribute to the band's fans; however, the chorus starts with Ich schäme mich für meine Fans - 'I am ashamed of my fans'. The song is one big long Take That, Audience!
- "Jezus Redt" (Dutch for 'Jesus Saves'), by Robert Long. It's a long rant against religion in general and the Roman Catholic Church in particular. Interestingly, it shares its title with a Slayer song which is also an example of this trope; see below.
- "Land of Hope and Glory" from One Step Beyond by Madness. The title was borrowed from a well-known British patriotic hymn; the lyrics cynically tell the story of a young man imprisoned in a Borstal institution.
- "God Save the Queen" by the The Sex Pistols pulls the same trick with the British national anthem.
- "Jesus Saves" by Slayer.
- "Born in the U.S.A." by Bruce Springsteen. It's a cynical song about a poor and disillusioned Vietnam veteran, but the title makes it sound like a patriotic song - Ronald Reagan was among the many who didn't pick up on the sarcasm.
- Swamp Dogg's song "God Bless America For What" would have been an example if he had titled it simply "God Bless America", as he intended to. He had to change the title to avoid looking like he was plagiarising the well-known patriotic song by Irving Berlin.
- "Mr. You're a Better Man Than I" by The Yardbirds. All the verses follow the same pattern: 'if [insert opinion The Yardbirds didn't agree with] is true, then mister, you're a better man than I.'
- The Anti-Love Song "Love Song" by Sara Bareilles.
- "North American Scum" by LCD Soundsystem is a song about how Americans are looked down upon because of their flaws while ignoring all of the good things about North America.
- Faith No More named their last album before their break up "Album of the Year", because... they weren't particularly happy with the finished product.
- XTC's "Don't Lose Your Temper", with some wordplay involved. The narrator of the song has a love interest who has a hot temper, but he finds this endearing, to the point of becoming concerned because she seems a bit calmer lately. Thus when he tells her "don't lose your temper", he means he doesn't want her to "lose" that aspect of her personality.
- The Rolling Stones song "Sympathy for the Devil" is a Villain Song about Satan singing about all the evil he's caused throughout history, and doesn't portray him sympathetically at all.
- PSY's music video "Gentleman" shows him acting like a huge Jerkass toward everyone, and then finding a woman who treats him the same way.
- The opera La Traviata, which translates as "The Woman Gone Astray," "The Fallen Woman" or "The Corrupted Woman." It highlights the High-Class Call Girl heroine Violetta's status as Defiled Forever. The plot revolves around Violetta proving herself to be a person of outstandingly noble, selfless character and deep love, yet doomed to misery because her society unfairly judges her as a "traviata."
- Regular Show is actually anything but regular. The tagline is literally "It's anything but".