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A character uses Baron Samedi, a deity/spirit from Haitian Voudoun folklore, as a design template. Visually, this means they're probably a Scary Black Man wearing top hat and tails (black is best and darker colors in general are preferable) and having a somewhat skeletal face, possibly by use of Villainous Cheekbones, if not an actual Skull for a Head. Personality-wise, they're probably sly and somewhat sinister, and may be a bit of a hedonist (in Haitian lore, the Baron is a festive sort who loves drinking rum and partying). Where they fall on the morality axis is a little less consistent, but as far as the original is concerned, Dark Is Not Evil. Characters who fit this archetype will often practice Hollywood Voodoo; this makes a small degree of sense, since possession by spirits is a big part of Vodoun doctrine, and someone hoping to be "ridden" by the Baron might dress like him to try and associate with him.

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Examples

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     Anime and Manga 
  • Brook in One Piece doesn't just look skeletal, he is in fact a walking skeleton and dresses in a nice suit and top hat as a matter of course. About the only switch-up is the huge afro. His love of music and horrible manners might be further references to Samedi.

     Comic Books 
  • Papa Midnite, the voodoo sorcerer in Hellblazer, will get into traditional Samedi dress when he's getting ready to perform magic, although his top hat is usually white. No matter what he's doing, he still got the "Scary Black Man in a really nice suit" thing down.
  • Voodoo priest Jim Crow from The Invisibles often wore a top hat and black jacket. There was a bit of a joke in his debut, where a character notes that he was expecting Crow to look like the James Bond example below. Once Crow starts a ritual, the same character hallucinates him as the Baron Samedi from that same Bond movie.
  • Superman occasionally fights a villain called Baron Sunday, a gangster who utilizes voodoo dolls to dispatch his enemies.

     Films — Animation 
  • The Princess and the Frog: Dr. Facilier, the main villain, is a con artist (in the sense that he swindles people out of money; his voodoo abilities are genuine) who always wears top hat and tails, and is skeletally thin. During his Villain Song, his clothing briefly switches to pure black and he dons a skull mask, which completes the image.
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     Films — Live-Action 
  • In James Bond's Live and Let Die, the Big Bad uses an Enigmatic Minion who acts the part of Baron Samedi in some kind of festival for tourists in Haiti. One of the bigger mysteries in the film is exactly who the guy is, with the implication that he may be the Baron himself.

     Literature 
  • An unconventional example is Minty Fresh from A Dirty Job. A death merchant whose job is to collect and then redistribute souls, he's a tall and menacing (but ultimately good and even friendly on a good day) black man with a penchant for suits. So far so good... but, due to his new attempts to embrace his moniker after a lifetime of being embarrassed by it, his suits are all fairly bright green and silky.
  • Another unconventional example in American Gods by Neil Gaiman. The Baron himself shows up, but manifested in a highly atypical fashion: as a teenage goth girl from Chattanooga (she had her own top hat).
  • Live and Let Die: slightly different from the film version (mentioned above), the main villain is a Haitian-American gangster who keeps superstitious underlings under control by spreading rumors that he is the Baron himself. note 
  • One of Black Shadow's cover identities in Wild Cards is Mr. Gravemold, a semi-respected Joker who always dresses in a nice suit and a skull mask (masks don't really stand out in Jokertown), and smells of formaldehyde to boot.
  • In the Discworld novel Witches Abroad, the former ruler of Genua (a Fantasy Counterpart Culture to New Orleans) is Baron Saturday, a literal translation of "Samedi" into English. He is raised as a zombie in the traditional evening dress by his ex-lover, a voodoo lady, and helps to depose the evil witch who usurped him.

     Live Action TV 
  • American Horror Story: Coven introduces Papa Legba, the loa that Marie LaVaeu sold her soul for immortality for her and Delphine LaLaurie. While Papa Legba is an actual loa of the Voodoo faith (being the patron loa of communication, understanding and the mediation between the Loas and humanity) everything about Papa Legba in the show - ruling over the voodoo afterlife, the white face-paint and top-hat, his taste for drugs and his dark sense of humor - are all actually attributed to Baron Samedi, making it both a case of Composite Character and Sadly Mythtaken.
  • Grimm featured an arc villain called Baron Samedi (a "Cracher-Mortal"), who, by the series' basic premise, is probably the inspiration for voodoo in-universe. Not only did he dress the part, his true form was a pufferfish creature whose venom turned people into zombies (referencing the idea that voodoo priests may have created "real" zombies by drugging people with tetrodotoxin).
  • Heroes: the Haitian's brother is a crime lord who uses the name Baron Samedi. His power was indestructible skin, since you're curious.
  • Lois & Clark: Baron Sunday (see Comics) appeared in one episode. He uses voodoo to try and invoke images of being Buried Alive, but it fails to kill Supes because by this point he's engaged to Lois and the image he's seeing is actually his parents closing him into his ship on Krypton before it exploded, an image of self-sacrifice and life, not death. At their confrontation, Superman leaves Sunday tied to a plane seat but when the police arrive he's gone, as the camera focuses in on a snake slithering away unnoticed.
  • Lampshaded on Once Upon a Time, where Doctor Facilier's counterpart in the Land Without Magic is named Mr. Barron Samdi.
  • The Mighty Boosh has the Spirit of Jazz, who wears a white suit and top hat, skeletal makeup and dreadlocks. Howard sells his soul to him in exchange for jazz music skills.

     Professional Wrestling 
  • Charles Wright started his career in the WWF playing Papa Shango, a wrestling Voodoo Priest who used this look. He also used the name Baron Samedi in the independents.

     Tabletop Games 
  • Vampire: The Masquerade: The Samedi Bloodline are vampires who assume a decaying corpse appearance after their Embrace. The oldest known member and probable founder of the Bloodline is Baron Samedi, possibly that one.
  • The Mutants & Masterminds Freedom City setting has Baron Samedi show up as an evil god who's goal is to kill all humans and turn them into zombies.
  • Scion has you play as the children of gods, and Baron Samedi and the rest of the Loa are available as possible divine patrons. One of the sample Scions provided is Brigitte de la Croix, daughter of the Baron himself, specializing in necromancy, top hats and suit coats, skull body paint, and having a great time.

     Video Games 
  • A few of the armours for the Witch Doctor in Diablo III sometimes have Baron-Samedi like appearances.
  • Present and correct in Dungeons Of Dredmor - two enemies called "Samedi" and "The Baron" appear early on with this appearance, with variant versions showing up later in the game.
  • MadWorld has the Black Baron ("Stop staring"), who gives the shout out to Baron Semedi a pimp twist; rather than a top hat he has a wide-brimmed hat and instead of wearing black, he's wearing garish leopard print. He is, however, superhumanly powerful and aside from his name has an interesting connection to death, as he's killed to demonstrate each level's gimmicks and comes back with no explanation. The semi-sequel Anarchy Reigns has the Blacker Baron, who may or may not be the same guy.
  • Rather than just a skin, the actual Baron Samedi is a playable character in SMITE - as currently the only reference of the Voudoun Pantheon.
  • Limbo from Warframe is a dapper warframe, clad in a top hat and tailcoat, whose schtick is sending himself, his allies and his enemies in and out of the Rift.
  • The World of Warcraft troll loa Bwonsamdi hits many of the right notes. He is the god of death for a race heavily associated with voodoo, has a skull face, is frequently sinister even when he's ostensibly on your side, and always trying to make deals which he'll usually adhere to the letter of, if not the spirit. Throughout the Horde storyline of Battle for Azeroth, Bwonsamdi is making deals and trying to find ways to exploit the situation to his advantage, culminating in becoming the loa to which the Zandalari king Rastakhan swears fealty. He's surprisingly chill - often mocking the players when they die and even mentions that despite being the loa of death, he is all for balance and is generally against undead.
  • Sam B from Dead Island is this In-Universe. He's a rapper whose scene persona wears a black longcoat and a black top hat, and his two songs ("Who Do You Voodoo, Bitch?" in the opening cutscene of the first game, and "No Room in Hell", a live-action music video serving as promotional material for the Dead Island: Riptide sequel) are voodoo-themed; there's also the "Sam B"/"Samedi" pun. In proper game, he's merely a Celebrity Survivor with purely mundane ability. He's also a player character and a good guy (though not a nice person).
  • Path of Exile has the unique helmet "The Baron", which looks like a skull mask, a top hat, and a black hood adorned with bones, and empowers the player's zombie minions.
  • Josey from Lollipop Chainsaw is the Master of Funk and one of the five Dark Purveyors, five powerful zombies summoned by Swan from the Rotten World who unleash a Zombie Apocalypse on the world. Josey is the only Black member, with skull make-up and a top-hat meant to evoke Baron Samedi's iconography.

     Western Animation 
  • Slugterra featured a one-off villain named Mister Saturday who fit the image to a T. He used a ghoulified Cryptogrif slug to Mind Control all the residents of a mall into Voodoo Zombies.

     Real Life 
  • The late "Papa Doc" Duvalier, dictator and president of Haiti, actively cultivated the image of him being Baron Samedi.
 
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American Horror Story: Coven

Queenie meets Papa Legba.

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