A burial at sea is a form of funeral where the body of the deceased is disposed of at sea. May involve burning the ashes and then scattering them to the wind, or just dumping a weighted coffin off the side of a boat. Often an exception to It Always Rains at Funerals, though you may get some high waves anyway.
These were very common in Real Life back when sea voyages were long. If it's two weeks before the next port, you do not want to lug the body around. They still occur on occasion but nowadays its most commonly a last request in the will of an old sailor.
As a Death Trope, all Spoilers will be unmarked ahead. Beware.
- In the Pokémon anime, Ash and co. tried to do this with Team Rocket when they found them floating on the sea after escaping from a sunken ship. It turned out they were just unconscious, and Pikachu was disappointed.
- In Hokuto no Ken 2, Captain Akashachi's body is put on a boat, which is then put to drift in the sea.
- In Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny, Shinn Asuka takes Stellar Louissier's corpse in his arms after the battle where she died, carries her to a nearby lake, then gently drops her into the water as the snow falls down.
- In Crying Freeman, Freeman's beloved Number Two Ko Tokugen was buried at sea after his assassination.
- In Detective School Q, the Broken Bird Mitsuru commits suicide in her house near the sea. Her boyfriend Manabu does this for her, carrying her lifeless body in a rowboat into the sea itself and then dropping her in the water... right before deciding to both kill those who caused her disgrace, and to make sure the case's MacGuffin (which she would've received if not for their intevention) won't fall in their hands.
- At the end of Master and Commander: The Far Side Of The World, all of the recently killed crew are given a funeral at sea.
- In You Only Live Twice, Commander James Bond is buried at sea after being ambushed and killed in Hong Kong. Of course, what really happened was that MI-6 faked his death for SPECTRE's benefit, and his coffin, complete with breath mask and air tank, is picked up by a submarine.
- Although not actually at sea, in Batman Returns a bunch of penguins push The Penguin's body into the river.
- In The Enemy Below, 'Heinie' Schwaffer dies of his injuries, and is buried at sea in the final act of the film.
- Happens in Flight of the Intruder after one of the protagonists is killed during the first mission of the film.
- Frankie (Lenny's deceased older brother) from Shark Tale is actually given this type of funeral after being crushed to death by a falling anchor (which prompts Oscar to think that he killed Frankie, and not the anchor), where his body is tossed overboard the deck of the shipwrecked RMS Titanic (the sharks' lair) and floats to the surface belly-up.
- This is how the military often disposes the dead bodies of several fallen Transformers, both Autobot and Decepticon alike in the live-action ''Transformers'' films.
- In The Long Voyage Home, this is done for Yank after he dies of a punctured lung while his merchant vessel is making a perilous journey through U-boat infested waters.
- Run Silent, Run Deep ends with the burial at sea of Cmdr. Richardson, killed by the aftereffects of a skull fracture suffered while fighting the Japanese in his submarine.
- In Black Panther (2018) Erik Killmonger requests this, as he wants to honour the black slaves who preferred to jump off the ships than live in bondage. It's unclear if he actually got it, though.
- A old joke that relies on a now over-100-year-old advertising slogan:
A man went on a sea trip with his wife, but his wife died on the trip. The captain said they did not have the facitities on board to store a body for burial on shore, they would have to do a burial at sea. The husband knew his wife would never stand for it, but understood and allowed it anyway. That night, sleeping in his cabin, the man kept hearing a voice softly repeating "It floats... it floats... it floats". The next night he heard it again, and he knew it must be the ghost of his dead wife. The third night, exasperated, he finally responded to the voice "What floats? And the voice said "IVORY SOAP!"
- Shield Sheafson in Beowulf.
- Mrs. Moore in A Passage to India.
- In an Alastair Reynolds Revelation Space story, an epic Stern Chase is underway between two vessels that routinely approach the speed of light. The second in command of the pursuing vessel is dying, and requests that her body be fired forward the next time the ship is at top speed. She jokes, grimly, that it's an old pirate custom: Burial at Cee. She even points out that the joke only makes sense in a language that hasn't been spoken in Millennia.
- In Robert E. Howard's "Queen of the Black Coast", Conan the Barbarian pushes the boat out to sea before lighting it as a pyre.
- In Gordon Korman's DIVE trilogy, the Captain requested to be buried at sea.
- In Rosemary Sutcliff's Outcast, Beric escapes his Slave Galley by being dumped overboard before he's entirely dead.
- Bless Me Father sees the two Catholic priests charged with carrying out the Seventh Corporeal Work of Mercy for an old Irish sailor who died alone and without family in a retirement home. Father Duddleswell notes the old sailor left three hundred pounds for his funeral, stipulating that he wanted to be buried at sea. Duddleswell rubs his hands with glee, knowing he can get the job done for seventy and the excess, naturally, will go towards the expenses of the priest who officiates. But one thing leads to another and the funeral eventually costs more than three hundred, the excess coming out of Duddleswell's pocket. Then they discover that their assumption, that an old Irish sailor with no family to confirm his religion had to be Catholic, was utterly wrong. He came from the more Orange part of the North and had he lived, would have objected very strenuously to the idea of being buried by Catholics.
- In The Sopranos, after Tony Soprano and his gang kill Salvatore "Big Pussy" Bonpensiero (who they believe has betrayed them), they wrap up his body and, with heavy hearts, give it a decent burial at sea.
- In The X-Files, Scully's father, a Navy captain, is cremated and buried this way while Bobby Darin's "Somewhere Beyond the Sea" (his and Maggie's wedding song) plays in the background. Scully is upset, saying that her father was entitled to a full burial at Arlington, while her mother replies that he would have wanted it this way.
- The World War II Mini Series The Sinking of the Laconia begins with one of these on a U-boat. And it's not the last, either.
- Many seamen in Horatio Hornblower die during battles at sea, and some funerals are shown, all Wooden Ships and Iron Men style.
- In "The Even Chance", a man from Hornblower's division dies after a cannonball tore off his leg. Hornblower's concern for him (and for his men during the funeral) marks the point where his men start to respect him.
- In "The Examination for Lieutenant", Finch who previously saved Hornblower's life dies and has a funeral. They also sell his stuff in order to gain money to support his widow. The dead man's only friend ended up buying everything for a large sum of money (for a workaday sailor) and immediately threw it all overboard as a death offering.
- At the beginning of "Retribution", quite a few men who died during a battle with Spaniards are prepared to be buried at sea, and boatswain Matthews is shown to be particularly caring about giving them a decent send-off.
- In MythQuest, Seth floats Osiris' body down the Nile to get rid of it and prevent Isis from resurrecting him.
- JAG: At the end of "Need to Know", the families of the crew of a submarine that foundered off the Soviet coast in 1968, on a secret mission, gets to see a declassified film of the burial at sea that took place shortly after recovery of the wreckage.
- Once Upon a Time: Hook buries his murdered love this way.
- Homeland follows the real life precedent of Osama Bin Laden's burial at sea with dead terrorist leader Abu Nazir.
- An odd variation occurs in an early episode of NCIS—when a sailor on a submarine commits suicide, his body is originally stored in a body bag in the sub's freezer. Gibbs, however, realizes that this is a Thanatos Gambit to poison the crew with a cold-activated sarin gas capsule, so the sailor's body is immediately put into a torpedo tube and jettisoned.
- In Final Fantasy VII, after Aerith is murdered by Sephiroth, Cloud carries her lifeless body to a nearby lake and slowly drops her into the water.
- In Final Fantasy X, Yuna performs a sending on a beach.
- In Mass Effect 2, Thane relives the memory of his wife being burned in the sea by the Hanar.
- In the Hero ending of inFAMOUS 2, Zeke buries Cole at sea after the latter's Heroic Sacrifice.
- In Survival of the Fittest, Rick Holeman and Jim Middleton throw several bodies into the sea from a cliff as a means of giving the dead students a 'funeral'.
- In the Alice Isn't Dead episode "The Factory by the Sea," the Narrator witnesses the strange, Lonely Funeral of Praxis Industries employee Jack, on a jetty outside the Nightmarish Factory where he works. She helps him, still living, into his coffin, and pushes it off the jetty as though it were a boat. Then he shuts the lid on himself, and she watches it float away.
- The Champion gets an awesome one in the Kings War arc of Roommates, even the Spirit of the Sea appears to take the boy with her.
- Was the norm for deceased sailors, both merchant and military, until relatively recently on practical grounds; storing a body for more than a couple of days without creating a health hazard for the rest of the crew requires refrigerated space that most ships cannot spare -what they do have is needed for storing food- and only in the last fifty years or so has the option to offload casualties by helicopter become available. Most religious denominations have specific burial services for this situation.
- Averted for the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar. British prize crews noticed the bodies piled up on captured Spanish ships waiting to be taken home for burial. Not only did the sea not qualify as "consecrated ground" for a Catholic funeral, the sailors' widows would have had trouble remarrying without proof their husbands had died. But since that battle was fought off the shore of Spain, transport time wasn't as big a deal.
- This was standard practice aboard US Navy vessels until the the 1960s, with traditions inherited from the Royal Navy. In the days of Wooden Ships and Iron Men, the dead man was sewn into a sack made of spare canvas sailcloth (sometimes his hammock was used instead), with a cannonball added to weigh him down. By the turn of the 20th Century, the sailcloth was replaced with the man's mattress cover and the cannonball with a 3, 4, or 5-inch shellnote .
- A notable and unusual case is that of Aviation Machinist's Mate 2nd Class (Gunner) Loyce Deen, a TBM Avenger gunner assigned to the aircraft carrier USS Essex in 1944. A heavy Japanese antiaircraft round struck AM2 Deen's turret and exploded inside. His pilot nursed the crippled bomber back to the carrier, where it was determined that Deen's remains could not be properly removed, and that the Avenger wasn't worth repairing. A burial detail (including all the surviving members of Deen's squadron) was assembled on the flight deck, and Essex's Chaplain and CAG conducted his funeral, after which the TBM was pushed over the side. Black & white footage of Deen's burial is available here.
- According to the US government, Osama Bin Laden's body was laid to rest in this fashion after being killed by US special forces. They didn't want people propping up shrines at a burial site.
- There are two designated areas within UK territorial waters where this can be performed for people who die on land but wish to be buried at sea anyway, usually career sailors or especially passionate yachtsmen. This was the subject of considerable publicity after one such body was insufficiently weighted down and washed up on the Isle of Wight.
- There now exists an option to have your ashes mixed into a special environmentally-safe concrete, which is then dedicated, set, and placed in the ocean to serve as an anchoring spot for corals, sponges, seaweed, etc., in hopes of rebuilding a reef. They can even do pets!
- Australian Rules Football team the Fremantle Dockers' theme song includes the line "We're gonna send 'em to the bottom!"
- In the event of mission failure while on the first moon landing (i.e. they couldn't get the astronauts off the moon and back to Earth), Richard Nixon had a contingency set up to read the burial at sea rites to Armstrong and Aldrin.
- Coincidentally, after he died, Neil Armstrong was buried at sea. He was a Navy officer, after all.
- In a moved only allowed by President Reagan, Dennis Wilson of The Beach Boys was buried at sea.