A specific Portent of Doom, in which a character has foreseen the circumstances under which they are going to die, whether by natural means or foul play. The character may also predict when and where the exact time and location of their death will be.
However, while in some cases the character may know that it's their own demise they're predicting, other times they may not be aware.
The Magical Negro or The Omniscient might wind up doing this at some point, although it's not a constant or necessary factor of either character. It may also be a consequence of the Mentor Occupational Hazard.
Depending on the circumstances, and if they knew what those circumstances would be, the character's response to this knowledge will vary. They may Go Out with a Smile and Face Death with Dignity. Or they may decide that Prescience Is Predictable since they already know how they're going to die anyway. Or they may Go Mad from the Revelation.
Compare You Can't Fight Fate, where a person resigns themselves to the fate outlined for them, and Prophecies Are Always Right, which is...well. Also see Your Days Are Numbered, where they know they don't have long to live (but they may or may not know how long they have, and the prediction is the result of a force or circumstance outside of themselves).
NOTE: A character foreseeing or predicting someone else's death is not this trope. The character has to be predicting their own death.
As a Death Trope, all examples, by their very nature, will be treated as spoilers.
- Chrono Crusade: Mary Magdalene knew from birth that she would die because of her contract with Chrono.
- In Clover, people with powers are known as Clovers, with the number of cloves indicating how powerful they are. Oruha is categorized as a lowly "one-leaf clover" because her only power is the ability to predict her own death.
- SPY×FAMILY: Played for Laughs in Mission 40, which kickstarts with Bond having a vision of him dying due to eating Yor's cooking. He spends the rest of the chapter going to help Loid in his mission so he can come home early and make dinner instead to save himself.
- Batman: Black and White: In "Fortunes", a murdered fortune teller apparently foresaw her own death, leaving a message about it that is found along with her body. It turns out she faked her death, and left the message as part of an effort to throw investigators off the scent.
- In Convergence: Adventures of Superman #1, Pre-Crisis Supergirl sees her life and death at the hands of the Anti-Monitor while in the Phantom Zone, and it haunts her for the rest of the story.
- In Convergence: The Flash #2, Barry Allen learns the circumstances of his death from Tangent Superman.
- In Crisis on Infinite Earths, the Monitor is aware that Harbinger will betray and kill him and incorporates her treachery into his plans.
- In The Dark Knight Strikes Again, the Martian Manhunter J'onn J'onzz is a powerless shadow of his former self. He tells the Question that he can still sometimes glimpse the future, which is why he knows that he is going to die that night. And it will be by fire, something he's always known since childhood. Though the Question tries to convince him he can Screw Destiny, J'onn's prediction comes to pass.
- In the Diabolik comic Presaggio Di Un Delitto, a woman finds she can foresee Diabolik's crimes and helps the police against him, all the while she feels someone will soon die at his hands; but only at the end does she realise that it was her own death she saw.
- In Smax, a powerful dragon has such precise visions of the future he can send a message to a woman through an anagram that someone who met the dragon once heard him say. The woman, Robyn, happens to build a giant ballista with a giant bolt made of Cold Iron, the one thing that could kill the dragon. The dragon gets distracted chasing Smax right into it, and takes the iron right in the heart. His final words are "I knew this would happen!"
- Harry Potter and the Lack of Lamb Sauce: In Chapter 81, Arjuna has a nightmare that ends with being encased in "bright, killing green" light. While her initial assumption is that three of her co-members of the Voice of the Resistance will die, the ambush that transpires two chapters later ends with Arjuna lying dead on the ground, while one of the co-rebel friends she thought would die is mind-controlled to obey his evil father's expectations for him.
- Avengers: Endgame has 2014 Thanos view a recording of his future self dying at Thor's hands. As this Thanos is at a point where he lacks the capacity to understand why people struggle and/or sympathize with others, it inspires him to go out of his way to follow the time-traveling Avengers back to the prime timeline, so as to avert his demise and try to repeat what his future self achieved.
- In Big Fish, the main character knows how he will die because he looked into a witch's eye. Later he escapes a scrape as he announces "This isn't how I die!"
- Subverted in that he actually doesn't know, since he made up the whole story, but has his son make up his own story of how he died at his deathbed.
- Played with in Black Robe. Chomina has a vision of the place where he is going to die, but he doesn't realize this until he's there and actually dying. He then expresses regret that he never realised this, as he could have been a fearless warrior if he had.
- The 1982 Jamaican film Countryman has one minor character do this, though he himself isn't aware he's predicting his own death. The foreshadowing is done through a chart on the cycle of life which he's teaching to the village children from early in the film, which portrays a mule-drawn dray-cart as one of its most significant illustrations of death. He's later beaten to death by corrupt cops and his body is taken back to the village on a very similar cart.
- Any protagonist doing this is what kicks off the plots of the Final Destination series. The deaths of a small group of people is avoided as a result, but then Death gets mad...
- An interesting case in Four Flies on Grey Velvet: Roberto Tobias repeatedly has dreams about himself being decapitated. In the end it is revealed that it was not himself who he saw in the dreams, but his wife, who turns out to the villain and is indeed decapitated.
- In Krull, Rell, like all cyclopes, knows when he will die.
- In The Matrix Revolutions, the Oracle foresees her death / assimilation by the rogue Agent Smith, as evidenced by her calm, unsurprised demeanor when he finally arrives at her current place of residence.
- In Sherlock Holmes (2009), Watson claims to have met a man in India who accurately predicted the circumstances of his death, including the number of bullets and where they hit him.
- The Areas of My Expertise has an actuary at a gathering of them finish his drink, then set his glass on the table upside-down. The other actuaries subsequently shun him. It's revealed that doing this means that actuary has used their tables to predict the date and circumstances of their own death, something they are forbidden to do.
- The Hungarian novel The Book of Fathers is about twelve generations of a Hungarian family, where the firstborn son has an ability to see into the past of his ancestors, or into the future. Nándor Csillag, who lived in the first half of the 20th century, once has a vision of how his life will end; choking to death with many others in semidarkness. He couldn't understand it. Because he was of Jewish descent, eventually he was gassed to death in Auschwitz.
- A characteristic of witches and wizards in Discworld, witches usually use their visions to get their affairs in order while wizards prefer to empty their wine cellars and run up a ton of debts. Both have a tradition of "going away parties" which are like wakes, except that the guest of honour is still there. Exactly how long in advance seems to vary as well, some of them only seem to have a few days' notice.
- Robert A. Heinlein's short story "Life-line". Professor Pinero builds a machine that can electronically predict the exact date and time of a person's death. He writes down when his own death will occur and seals it inside an envelope. When he's murdered, the envelope is opened and the prediction turns out to be correct.
- In Methuselah's Children Lazarus Long mentions meeting a scientist who had a machine that could predict when one died, when Lazarus used it the inventor didn't give him his result and said the machine was obviously malfunctioning.
- Mindstar Rising by Peter F. Hamilton. Psychic soldier Greg Mandel recruits a fellow Mindstar Brigade veteran who can see the future, and notes how this trope has turned what was once an efficient officer to a prematurely aged spinster. It's not that she has seen her death, but the constant fear of doing so if she looks too far into the future.
- In Moby-Dick, Queequeg saw his own death in the bones he cast—probably a link to the later death of everyone when the ship sank.
- Planet of the Damned, by Harry Harrison. Ihjel, a psychic agent of the Cultural Relationships Foundation, recruits the protagonist because he's seen that he will be killed on his next mission. He's shot dead the moment they land on the planet, leaving the totally inexperienced protagonist to Save the World.
- In Slaughterhouse-Five, Billy Pilgrim is unstuck in time and thus has experienced his own death several times "beforehand" - so he isn't really surprised when he is shot after one of his speeches.
- Jojen Reed from A Song of Ice and Fire is heavily implied to have done this - he was blessed with symbolic visions of the future, and throughout the series, he repeatedly tells Bran and his sister that "this is not the day he dies."
- In the Novelization of Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith, Anakin and Dooku are in the middle of their lightsaber duel and Dooku has Anakin on the ropes when Palpatine starts shouting encouragement to Anakin, telling him to use his fear and anger as his weapons against Dooku. It is at this point when Dooku realizes that he's a Dead Man Walking.
- Warrior Cats:
- At the beginning of Twilight, a cat is informed by Star Clan of their impending death. It's later revealed to be Cinderpelt, who dies defending a cat giving birth from badgers.
- Toward the end of one of the Expanded Universe novels, it is mentioned that medicine cat Goosefeather predicted that he would die on the day of the first snowfall, and he did.
- Flametail spends all of Night Whispers having terrifying visions about falling through ice into darkness. This turns out to predict his own death, drowning after he falls through the ice over the lake.
- In Who Fears Death, when doing the test in order to learn the Four Mystic Points, Onyesonwu experiences being stoned to death. Later she realizes that it was her death she saw and sure enough, in one of the last few chapters, she is stoned to death.
- Centauri of Babylon 5 have prophetic dreams of their deaths. The first time they meet, Londo recognizes G'Kar as the one who will kill him (but doesn't realize that it will be a Mercy Kill).
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer had an episode in season 7 with a girl who told Buffy she was going to die at a certain point. Buffy saved her from a demon worshipping cult that was going to sacrifice her...only for her to die from a heart problem.
- Doctor Who:
- The 2009 specials had the Doctor receiving a prophecy of his "death" from Carmen ("He will knock four times"), but he doesn't find out what it means until "The End of Time".
- In "Human Nature", a boy named Timothy Latimer steals and opens a pocketwatch from his teacher John Smith, (actually, an amnesiac Doctor who took on a human disguise to hide from some aliens, who needs the watch to restore his original form and memories) only to be greeted with a horrifying vision of him in World War I next year, where he's on the battlefield with a wounded fellow soldier, looks at the same watch, and looks up to see a mortar shell land directly on top of him. At the end of the next part, the now-revived Doctor gives him the depleted but mechanically-functional pocketwatch. One year later, he's on the battlefield in the exact same spot as his vision, looks at the watch, and manages to move himself and his comrade out of the way, enabling him to survive.
- A rather interesting variation occurs in Series 6, in which the Doctor invites his younger self and three others to see his own death, but he's the only one of the four that doesn't see it. For the rest of the first half of the season, Amy and Rory know exactly when, where and how the Doctor is going to die, but they can't tell him (lest they make it fixed in his timeline too, preventing him from escaping it). He doesn't find out about his death until "The Almost People" and the full circumstances surrounding it until "Let's Kill Hitler".
- In "The Name of the Doctor", it's revealed that the Eleventh Doctor has been aware of this for some time, knowing both the location and guessing at some of the circumstances of the Doctor's eventual death at Trenzalore. Note that this isn't actually the death of his Eleventh incarnation, but rather the ultimate fate of the Doctor himself. He freely admits that this is something that cannot be avoided and that he will always die at Trenzalore in one last final battle. The swirling energy that comprises his timestream and serves as his "corpse" makes this point even more obvious.
- "The Haunting of Villa Diodati": It turns out the Doctor knows an old Time Lord trick that can make someone appear dead by sending their mind forward in time to the point of their eventual death. She does this to Percy Bysshe Shelley in order to release a Cyberman AI called the Cyberium from his body without killing him.
- A variation in FlashForward (2009): at the start of the series, everyone on Earth blacks out for 2 minutes, almost all of them experiencing a vision of themselves six months into the future. However, one of the main characters — FBI agent Demetri Noh — doesn't experience anything, which leads him to the terrifying conclusion that it's because he'll be dead before then. His arc for the rest of the series is involved in determining whether the visions of the future are preordained or if there's a reason why he didn't see anything other than death, consequently putting his life in even more danger.
- Godless. Frank Griffin is constantly claiming to have foreseen his own death and is fearless in situations that appear to be his end. He will calmly tell people "I have seen my end, and this ain't it." When he tries it one last time after having been shot by Roy Goode, Roy replies “You saw wrong”, and shoots Frank in the head.
- The Outer Limits (1995): In "What Will the Neighbors Think?", Mona Bailey has visions of her death after receiving her telepathic powers. She sees herself falling out of the window of her third floor apartment. Considering that everyone is thinking about killing her, she assumes that she will be murdered and takes steps to ensure that all of the other residents turn on each other before this can happen. All of the other residents, that is, except for her husband Ned. He was the only one who knew that she had become telepathic and was able to control his thoughts to prevent her from finding out that he planned to kill her. Unable to cope with the revelation or the voices in her mind which she thought had gone, Mona jumps out the window to her death. It turns out that the voices had actually gone and Ned had used a tape to trick her.
- Paper Girls: A variation as Mac assumes she must have "escaped" the town. But when she runs into her grown brother, she learns she actually died when she was 16.
- Sliders had an episode with a world where 10% of the population has psychic powers. Around the mid-point of the episode, the top psychic in the country, the Grand Oracle (played by Isaac Hayes) tells his top two aides (one of whom is Wade's Love Interest for this episode) he will die of a brain hemmorage in 12 hours, and must choose one of them to be his successor.
- In the Star Trek: Discovery episode "Through the Valley of Shadows", Captain Pike encounters a time crystal that shows him a Fate Worse than Death — specifically, a training accident that leaves him completely paralyzed and confined to a mechanized wheelchair.
- On The X-Files, in the episode "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose", Peter Boyle played a man who could accurately predict the manner of someone's death, including his own.
- Syd Barrett's album Barrett has a song called "Effervescing Elephant". The elephant in this song predicts he will die in June because of a roaming tiger. While the jungle animals flee the tiger assures them he will not hurt one of them, but prefers something that is less scant to chew on, namely the elephant, who is then eaten by him.
- At the beginning of the KISS song "Detroit Rock City" the protagonist hears a news broadcast about a man killed in a head-on collision with a delivery truck. By the end of the song he suffers the same fate.
- Both the subject and in the title of William Butler Yeats's 1918 poem "An Irish Airman Foresees His Death", the opening lines of which are, "I know that I shall meet my fate / Somewhere among the clouds above".
- Dungeons & Dragons: The Ravenloft setting introduced bruja, hags who underwent a Face–Heel Turn and now try to quietly help others. One story explaining this is that a coven of hags was trying to peer into the future, cursed with knowledge of their terrible deaths, and filled with "a disconsolate compassion for all things mortal."
- Members of the House of Ariadne who wish to reach its highest Attainment in Mage: The Awakening must seek out a symbol of their own deaths. What they aren't told beforehand is that this inevitably requires 48 hours of constant walking. Any who claim to have seen this symbol before the 48 hours are up are thrown out of the Legacy.
- In the background of Warhammer 40,000, both the Primarchs with precognition had visions of their own deaths long before they happened, and both let them happen. The angelic Sanguinius willingly went to fight his traitorous brother Horus despite knowing he couldn’t win as he saw it as his duty. The brutal Konrad Curze on the other hand let the Imperial Assassin M'Shen kill him as he believed that doing so would justify his vicious and heretical actions.
- Werewolf: The Forsaken: Members of the Lodge of Death are told the exact date, time, and circumstances of their deaths as they complete the initiation. They are absolutely forbidden to tell anyone else this information, but knowing when their time will come makes them Not Afraid to Die and absolutely impossible to supernaturally scare.
- In Agamemnon, Cassandra knows she (and Agamemnon) will die by the hands of Clytaemnestra, as she was cursed by Apollo. But alas, You Can't Fight Fate, so she can't do anything but walk towards her doom.
- The events of Ride the Cyclone are kicked off due to The Amazing Karnak— a mechanical Fortune Teller designed to predict the time, place and manner of peoples' deaths, foreseeing that his own death will occur in just over an hour via a rat who will soon chew through his power cable. Knowing this, he chooses to use the last of his power to grant a group of teenagers (who died in an accident he predicted but failed to warn them of) the opportunity to express their hopes and dreams- and for one of them, a second chance at life.
- William Bishop, the Player Character of Ace Combat: Assault Horizon, has been plagued by recurring Psychic Dreams of his own death for months by the time the game starts — in fact, the very first level is actually this specific dream, where he is shot down over Miami by a Renegade Russian plane with a sharkmouth paintjob on it. Subverted late in the game, when the scene Bishop dreamed of actually occurs in reality and he is saved in the last moment by his wingman Taking the Bullet for him.
- This comes up in Dawn of War: Dark Crusade during some Boss Banter, when it turns out that some threats are ineffectual against Seers, doubly so if they're Space Elves.
Brother-Captain Davian Thule: We will send you back to your craftworld in a tomb!
Farseer Taldeer: I have known my death for ten of your lifetimes, captain. Don't think to scare me with it.
- In the opening of The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion Uriel Septim states that he is aware of his own imminent death and is powerless to prevent it moments before it happens.
- The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim:
- There's a Dark Brotherhood assassin named Gabriella who claims to have foreseen the circumstances of her own death. She's eventually killed when the Imperial bodyguard, the Penitus Oculatus, raid the sanctuary where she lives, but since she doesn't share any of the details of her prediction, it's left vague as to whether or not that's how she expected to die.
- After the death of Kodlak Whitemane during the Companion Questline, his journal reveals that he had long since been plagued by dreams of Tsun barring the Harbingers before him from entering Sovngarde because of their Lycanthropy, letting Hircine drag them to his hunting grounds for all eternity. When it came to his turn, he saw the Dragonborn step in and fight alongside his spirit, ultimately freeing his soul from the Daedric Prince's clutches and allowing him to enter the Nordic afterlife. It turns out this was the real reason he took the Dragonborn under his wing and placed such trust and faith in them.
- Implied in Final Fantasy II that Minwu knew he was going to die, if not exactly when he did, then the general idea of it.
- The boss Soulcage in Final Fantasy IX uses this as a boast shortly before you fight it, although you end up killing it anyway and proving its prediction wrong.
Soulcage: I have seen the end of my thousand year life, and it is not now. You cannot stop me. It is futile even to try.
- Final Fantasy XIII-2: It is said that the Seer of Paddra (aka Yeul) always knew her fate — right down to the exact time and circumstances (usually the result of a vision), but was unable to change it — for fear of bringing a worse one upon her people.
- In Final Fantasy VII Remake, it is strongly implied that Aerith's connection to the planet and the Arbiters of Fate let her be acutely aware of how and where she is fated to die. In a dream-vision she warns Cloud not to fall in love with her, while striking the same prayer pose she held when Sephiroth killed her in the original Final Fantasy VII.
- Fire Emblem has this happen twice in different games:
- In Fire Emblem: Genealogy of the Holy War, Father Claud knew that he'd die either at the Battle of Barhera or around that time. He decided that, since he couldn't change his fate, he'd rather use the time he had left fighting against the Lopto Sect.
- In Fire Emblem Fates, Queen Mikoto of Hoshido foresaw her own death (though not exactly how she'd perish), yet carried on being her usual self. She died in an Heroic Sacrifice to save her child, the Player Character, few later.
- In Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning, Agarth realized being a Fateweaver wasn't all it was cracked up to be when he foresaw his own ultimate fate of being the main ingredient of an ettin's stewpot. He got very drunk that day. When he accompanies the Fateless One during an early quest, they encounter an ettin. Agarth tells the Fateless One to go on ahead, convinced that this is the day he will die. The Fateless One then demonstrates the power to Screw Destiny by slaying the ettin, averting Agarth's fated end.
- Mobius The Timestreamer from the Legacy of Kain series has the ability to know every single event from the past to the future, including when and how he dies.
- In Persona 3, the forced awakening of Chidori's Persona gave her foreknowledge of her own death. The knowledge sent her catapulting over the Despair Event Horizon and made her susceptible to Takaya's nihilistic preaching, leading to her recruitment into Strega.
- In Warcraft:
- Nozdormu, as part of his powers as the World of Warcraft's Aspect of Time, was given foreknowledge of the exact time and manner of his death. In fact, he oversees the players' killing his future self at the end of the End Time instance.
- Chromie reveals this knowledge of their death is shared with the rest of his flight: They all know the time of their 'true' death, and use it as a measuring stick for how bad the flow of time has been disturbed; if they find a timeline where they die sooner or later than intended, they know something has been tampering with time in an unacceptable manner.
- The chieftains of the Bleeding Hollow clan undergo a ritual in which they carve out one of their eyes and receive a vision of their death. Knowing the circumstances of their death they can lead without fear even against foes that would usually concern them. Kilrogg in particular anticipated that final battle.
- Kilrogg grants a vision of how players will die as part of his fight: Outnumbered against an endless army of Burning Legion demons as Azeroth burns, dying as Khadgar casts his last spell. The player is empowered by the vision as it is proof that Kilorgg will not kill them.
- Nozdormu, as part of his powers as the World of Warcraft's Aspect of Time, was given foreknowledge of the exact time and manner of his death. In fact, he oversees the players' killing his future self at the end of the End Time instance.
- Quite a few characters from Homestuck, specifically Aradia!bot right before she exploded, seemed to know they were going to die soon. Somewhat subverted though because in Homestuck, Death Is Cheap.
- The Oracle in The Order of the Stick is able to foresee the time and circumstances of his own deaths, and hires a wizard and a cleric to teleport to the place where he died at very specific times and cast a resurrection spell on him. If he foresees himself being murdered, he'll also manipulate circumstances to screw with whoever carried out the murder.
- Soviet gymnast and 1978 World Champion Elena Mukhinanote , while training for the 1980 Olympic Games, told her coaches that she would surely break her neck attempting the complicated roll-out floor skill the Thomas salto. Two weeks before the Games and less than a month after her twentieth birthday, Elena's prediction came true; the exhausted, starved, overworked, and still-injured gymnast underrotated the salto, snapping her neck and rendering her instantly quadriplegic. She died of complications from her accident in 2006. She later said that her first thought as she lay on the floor was, "Thank God, I won't have to go to the Olympics."
- Apparently, soldiers of The Napoleonic Wars had psychic tendencies.
- Marshal Jean Lannes told Doctor Lannefranque, who was tending to the wounded in the aftermath of the first day of the Battle of Essling (21 May 1809), that he had a feeling that he would need Lannefranque's services soon, and that whatever the issue, it would he his last battle. On the evening of the next day, he was brought in with both legs shattered by a cannonball and died of gangrene nine days later.
- On the morning of 6 July 1809, General Antoine Lasalle found his pipe and alcohol vials broken and was in a sombre mood for the whole day. In the evening, took a stray bullet to the head.
- General Thiébault, who recounts the anecdote about Lasalle, also gives a near-fatal example: during the siege of Genoa, he had to bring an order to Colonel Mouton, who replied "That's a f... suicidal order you're bringing." He carried it out nonetheless, and was brought back grievously wounded.
- On the morning of 1 May 1813, Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bessières burnt all of his wife's letter and refused to eat at first; but when his aides-de-camp finally convinced him to have something, he muttered: "If I am to die today, I do not want to die on an empty stomach." A few hours later...
- On 22 May 1813, General Géraud Duroc, one of Napoleon's most devoted men, sounded particularly defeatist as he told his friend Marshal Marmont: "Napoleon's thirst for battle is endless... He will get us all killed!" He was eviscerated by a cannonball and died at dawn on the next day.
- In the American Civil War, Union colonel Edward Cross, noted for always wearing a red bandana on the battlefield, instead led his men wearing a black bandana at Gettysburg, having had a premonition of his own death. When his superior promised him a promotion as he rode by, Cross somberly replied that this was his last battle. Cross was mortally wounded in the fighting.
- Mikey Welsh, former bassist for Weezer. On September 26, 2011, Welsh posted an ominous tweet wherein he mentioned having a dream about dying in his sleep of a heart attack in Chicago on the following weekend. He later sent out a tweet correcting the time of his predicted death to two weeks after that date. On October 8, 2011 (precisely two weeks later), Welsh's Facebook page announced that he had been found dead in a Chicago hotel room. The cause of death was, sure enough, a heart attack (possibly the result of a heroin overdose).
- 137 is roughly the inverse of the fine structure constant, and when quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli saw it on his hospital room, he said to a colleague "I will never get out of here alive." He was right (although it wasn't voodoo, but undiagnosed pancreatic cancer).