The Abyss. At one point the characters are talking about the alien encounters Lindsey had, one character says "Hot Rods of the Gods", which was an adventure for the GhostbustersTabletop RPG put out by West End Games.
In The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension, the Red Lectroids originally land at Grover's Mill, New Jersey in 1938. Their landing was reported in the Orson Welles broadcast of The War of the Worlds, but they cover it up by arranging for the broadcast to be labeled as fiction.* In Amazon Women on the Moon when a news reader on a TV news segment is talking about fraternities, a picture of the Delta House from ''Animal House' is shown behind her.
In Always, Pete's affectionate nickname for Dorinda is "Funny Face", a shoutout to the Audrey Hepburn-starring film of the same name. Crosses over with Actor Allusion as Hepburn also appeared in Always, in what would become her last film role.
In Anchorman, when Ron Burgundy is playing jazz flute, near the end he plays the riff from Jethro Tull's "Aqualung" and then shouts, "Hey, Aqualung!" note In reality, there are no flutes played on "Aqualung".
One of the scenes in Animal Crackers includes a spoof of Eugene O'Neill's play Strange Interlude and its elaborate asides.
The Corto Maltese War, mentioned here as being Vicki's last big photography project, is the name of the conflict Superman puts an end to in Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns (which was, in turn, a shout out to the Corto Maltese comic book).
In one scene, you can see gang members who wear the same outfits as the main characters from A Clockwork Orange.
A more subtle (if that's the word) Kubrick homage in the same scene has a gang dressed in foppish attire. One of them has an eye patch and powdered wig like the Chevalier in Barry Lyndon.
The scene of Ivy debuting at the charity ball, first by hiding among the performers in an ape costume and slowly taking it off seemed to have been a homage to Marlene Dietrich in Blonde Venus where she performs a musical number entitled "Hot Voodoo", which starts off with her in an ape costume.
Alfred channels Max Headroom when addressing Barbara in the Batcave.
William Fichtner as the banker with the shotgun in the opening heist was an intentional Casting Gag by Nolan, who built the sequence as an homage to Heat.
The Joker's goons don clown masks during the opening scene as a reference to Stanley Kubrick's heist film The Killing. Joker's mask is also the same as the one the character uses in The Joker's Wild, his very first appearance in the 60's series. It and the other somber clown masks, all worn by the Joker's thugs with otherwise normal street clothes, invoke the image his henchman from the Animated Series episode The Last Laugh.
Gordon reads the ending of A Tale of Two Cities. Bane's Gotham Revolution mirrors that of the French Revolution as depicted in the novel. Bane's second-in-command is John Barsad, and there is a Corrupt Corporate Executive named Phillip Stryver, both named after characters from that book.
Also, Wayne Enterprises's people hide in Tellson's Bank, according to the script.
Bane knitting in the courtroom is probably a nod to Madame Defarge and the "knitting ladies", and "The fire rises", which he says to the henchman on the plane that he orders to stay behind and die, is the name of a chapter in it as well.
The speculations by the maids about Bruce Wayne's mental health at the start of the film call to mind Howard Hughes, especially the bit where Daggett comments how he must be growing out his fingernails and peeing in mason jars in the isolation of his private wing.
Nolan's use of the Pittsburgh Steelers to guest-star as the Gotham Rogues, besides the practical fact that they were filming in Pittsburgh, is also a tribute to their Batman fandom. During the 1966 season, when the Adam Westseries was airing, the Steelers wore uniforms inspired by Batman.
Three trucks are driven around by Bane's soldiers. One truck contains the nuclear device and two of the trucks are decoys. This is much like The Italian Job (2003), where the antagonist hires three armored cars to fool the main characters, with two of the armored cars being empty decoys and one carrying all of the gold loot (in that case, though, they were able to isolate the real truck from the decoys by using computer hacking to determine which one was weighed down).
A subtle but enormous example – Peter Sellers was a huge fan of Laurel and Hardy, and the voice he used for Chance the gardener in Being There is an Americanized version of Stan Laurel's; Laurel's work partially informed Sellers's physical approach to the role as well, since it was exactly what the character required (the other part? A gardener who worked for Sellers in The Fifties).
BIONICLE 3: Web of Shadows as a whole is a shout-out to the Star Wars films. Vakama's Face-Heel Turn is a reference to Anakin's fall to the Dark Side, complete with him ravaging the heroes' temple, the music playing during his duel with Matau deliberately mimics the score of Luke fighting with Darth Vader from Return of the Jedi, and the following scene, where Matau's forced to hang above a chasm with Vakama standing over him is a clear homage to the similar, iconic scene from The Empire Strikes Back, only here, Vakama actually jumps after Matau to save him.
According to the directors' commentary, the choppy CGI animation used for the villains in some scenes of the first movie, Mask of Light, was a deliberate reference to Ray Harryhausen's Stop Motion works.
The replicants are created by the Tyrell Corporation. This is a reference to the Tyrell Institute, which created the android robot Mr. R.I.N.G. in the Kolchak: The Night Stalker episode "Mr. R.I.N.G.".
The Blind Side was released in theaters on the same week as New Moon, the sequel to Twilight. Collins is watching Twilight on television when Leigh Anne brings Michael to the Tuohy's home for the first time.
Jean-Claude Van Damme's debut vehicle Bloodsport featured Bolo Yeung as the villain, and (almost?) all of Bolo's dialogue is borrowed from Bruce Lee's Enter the Dragon (which Bolo was also in, although, hilariously, his only dialogue in that was to shout 'dah!' whenever anyone mentioned him...)
Also, Penny's slimy manager looks a lot like Glenn Beck.
It's been acknowledged that Penny is named after the Penny from Inspector Gadget.
Hmm, an All-CGI Cartoon movie in which a guy thinks he's a superhero, gets separated from his owner, gradually warms up to an annoyed naysayer companion, depressedly learns that said companion was right all along, and then gets reassured by the same companion that he's not so worthless. Where have we seen that before?
The credits also featured an outtake of some of the characters acting as extras in Toy Story 2.
In But I'm a Cheerleader two people in an institution for curing the supposedly psychologically ill (in this case, gays) which is doing more harm than good have sex when they weren't supposed to, an uptight woman who runs the place discovers them, and they get in big trouble. Does anyone else think this is a One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest shout out?
Speaking of Steve McQueen, Cannonball's showdown is a car chase between the hero in a green Ford Mustang Fastback and the baddie in a black Dodge Charger which crashes and immediately explodes in the end, spiced up with some nice jump scenes. We've seen almost the exactly same thing before in Bullitt.
Also, the movie shouts out to a couple of elements from real-life Cannonball Baker Sea-to-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dashes. Not as many as The Cannonball Run which was made by actual Cannonballers, but still.
Casper (1995): The ghostly trio do the "I'm melting!" routine when a kitchen window-shade suddenly flies open, causing the morning sunlight to shine on the ghosts. They dissolve into one ectoplasmic puddle, then disappear through the floor. (Unlike the Wicked Witch of the West, though, the ghostly trio were merely joking with Dr. Harvey and his daughter.) That same scene also contains a shout-out to Apocalypse Now, where the ghostly trio descend into the room vertically, the tops of their heads spinning like helicopter blades while they sing the melody of Ride of the Valkyries. After this, Stretch sniffs the air and exclaims "I love the smell of fleshies in the morning!"
When Chucky and Tiffany attack Officer Warren (played by John Ritter) with the nail trap, Chucky takes a look at Warren's face, now covered by nails, and states "Why does that look so familiar?" making a reference to the infamous monster Pinhead from the Hellraiser films.
When one of the protagonists ask how the dolls got to being dolls, Chucky responds with "If this were a movie, it would take 3 to 4 sequels to do the whole thing justice." and thus parodying the entire Child's Play series.
At the end of the film when Chucky is trapped and killed in his own grave, the way he dies is similar to how he was killed at the end of the first Child's Play film.
A montage of the protagonist's developmental years plays in the Thai film Chocolate (also called Fury), during which she is shown watching Ong-bak on the television. The same director/martial arts choreographer pair created both movies. Not 10 minutes later, she's watching Tom-Yum-Goong, a.k.a. The Protector, also made by the same director and choreographer.
When Angela Dodson wakes up in her apartment, her black cat meows while standing on her bed - a reference to the scene in The Matrix where Neo (also played by Keanu Reeves) sees the black cat meow and walk by twice.
After some demons are destroyed, Angela starts coughing due to the smell of sulfur/sulphur. Constantine says "Happens to everyone the first time", a reference to the "Everyone falls the first time" bit in The Matrix.
To The Nightmare Before Christmas: The pumpkins in the other mother's garden look like the Mayor of Halloweentown, and the tallest of the three Ghost Children resembles Shock. The cat is the same sort of black, scrawny specimen seen in Halloweentown. A bowl that Other Mother uses resembles Jack Skellington. Similarly, when Wybie has his facemask/helmet on, he bears a strong resemblance to Barrel. There also might be one to Pixar, as one of the Shakespeare players has a baby in a backpack that looks a lot like Jack-Jack.
The ball that the rats were playing with was the one from Luxo Jr.
The movers at the beginning were the "Ranft Bros.", caricatured after Jerome Ranft and the late Joe Ranft, who worked on The Nightmare Before Christmas and several Pixar films.
Also, at one point the other mother cracks an egg yolk into a bowl that yields The Nightmare Before Christmas lead character Jack Skellington's image.
The other father's slippers look an awful lot like Monkeybone.
The piano in the other study has the gold word "Tadahiro" on it. Tadahiro Uesugi was a concept artist whom Henry Selick adored.
Wybie shares the same last name of a runaway black child named Jessie Lovat in American Gods.
When the other world is getting destroyed, it just white with some black outlined objects. It very similar to Super Paper Mario.
Much of Other Father's creepy Dialogue when Other Mother isn't around seems similar to Psycho.
Hunter: Well I'm Captain Kirk, you're Scotty, I need more power.
In Wes Craven's werewolf flick Cursed, the design of the night club owned by the protagonist Ellie's boyfriend is one big shout out to classic horror movies. It is lined from wall to wall with supposed memorabilia from the movie sets, including the silver-tipped cane from the original The Wolf Man (1941).
In Die Hard, in the opening scene where John McClane is looking for his wife in the computerized Company Directory, and later where he looks up Hans calling himself Bill Clay on an employee listing, names on the computer screen and names on the board include names of people who worked on the film.
In Dr. Dolittle when the doctor and Lucky the dog are trying to stop a tiger from leaping to his death, they note all of the great tigers. When asked to name one Lucky comes up with Tony the Tiger, while Dolittle points out how Rocky beat up Mr. T after hearing "Eye of the Tiger".
In Dreamgirls, Beyoncé Knowles' character Deena is briefly seen dressed like Carmen from the all-black movie version of the opera Carmen Jones. One of Beyoncé's first acting roles was in MTV's Carmen: The Hip-Hopra.
The Civil Cooperation Bureau, who provides most of the weaponry in the setting, shares a name with the real-life Civil Cooperation Bureau, which was a government-sponsored hit squad within the South African Defense Force, during The Apartheid Era. Agent Kruger, played by South African actor Sharlto Copley, is a member of the CCB who works as a Sleeper Agent for the Elysium Defense Forces. The members of his team are also white South Africans, very tellingly.
Sharlto Copley has mentioned that he and the production team based Kruger's look and accent on a composite of different things. The camo that Kruger wears, as well as Drakey and Crowe is the exact camo worn by the SADF during The Apartheid Era. Kruger's beard and shorts is a reference to the 32 Battalion, which was a special light infantry battalion for the SADF. The accent is particular to the Cape Flats region of South Africa. Judging by Kruger's age, it wouldn't be a stretch to say that He was with the 32 Battalion of the SADF and hails from Cape Flats.
The movie is full of them, particularly to Disney classic movies:
The book opening sequence is a shoutout to many Disney classics.
When Giselle is looking at the fish tank in Robert's office, a song from The Little Mermaid plays in the background. Jodi Benson, who voiced Ariel, plays Robert's secretary.
While in the Italian restaurant, "La Bella Notte" from Lady and the Tramp plays; the restaurant itself is called after the song.
The scene where Nathaniel helps Edward to take his boots off is an obvious shout-out to Beauty and the Beast. Edward also watches a soap opera staring Paige O'Hara, who voiced Belle, while a mysterious sounding "Beauty and the Beast" motif plays.
Narissa herself is a big shoutout to many Disney villainesses, especially to Maleficent; green electricity-based powers, similar outfits and the fact that she turns into a dragon while bursting in flames.
Broadway veteran Harvey Evans, the yellow-jacketed old man from "That's How You Know" previously danced as a chimney sweep in Mary Poppins.
There's something eerily King Kong-esque about Narissa's death scene.
There's a pop-up tracker solely devoted to this on the Blu-Ray disc, of which there are over 100, some of which are so obscure that even most Disney diehards won't catch them without it. According to director Kevin Lima, the actual count is over 1,000.
Yet another exchange of Shout Outs links the Elm Street franchise to the Critters films. In Dream Warriors, the patient who gets her face shoved through the TV was watching Critters before she dozed off. Later, one of the alien bounty hunters in Critters 2 is narrowly prevented from mimicking a poster of Freddy. This incidentally creates a Recursive Reality situation, where each film franchise exists in the 'Verse of the other. This is taken further in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles as Raphael exits a theater playing Critters "Who come up with this crap?" New Line Cinema releasing both Critters AND TMNT.
In The Fall, when Roy is starting off his story to Alexandria, he initially starts it as a pirate story, only for her to object she doesn't like pirate stories and for him to quickly change it. The film is based on the Bulgarian film Yo Ho Ho, which, as the name suggests, did use a pirate story for its Story Within A Movie.
In the scene where Princess Aura first appears she tells her pet dwarf "Come along, Fellini", a reference to the famous Italian film director Federico Fellini.
In Four Christmases, Vince Vaughn's character says something along the lines of, "I'd rather be shipwrecked on a deserted island being hunted down by a crazy millionaire than visit my parents for Christmas." This line is a reference to a short story entitled "The Most Dangerous Game," and Vaughn is describing the plot with his line.
For starters, Victor Frankenstein, which is the name of the scientist who created the infamous monster.
Sparky pre-transformation looks very similar to another Burton canine.
Elsa is named after Elsa Lanchester, who played the title role in Bride of Frankenstein (that she is basically Lydia Deetz just adds to the fun). Her poodle Persephone gets her very own Bride of Frankenstein beehive hairdo, compliments of a static charge from Sparky.
Nassor and his mummy hamster are a reference to Boris Karloff's role in The Mummy (1932). Nassor's flat hair is also a reference to Frankenstein's Monster, a role that Karloff famously played. Nassor getting wrapped up in streamers and then falling into a matryoshka-shaped cabinet riffs on Karloff's being mummified alive in the 1932 film.
Nassor's and Toshiaki's pets battling may also be a reference to Mons battling. Nassor even yells, "Go, Colossus!" before setting him down.
Sparky gets run over by a car the first time he dies in the film when he tries to get a baseball and return it to Victor. The same thing happens to Momo in Magical Princess Minky Momo; the only differences were that Sparky was actually at the baseball game instead of being near the game like Momo was, he decided to get the ball by himself instead of being asked to get the ball, and he wasn't distracted by something else before getting run over.
The battle for the base is one long tribute to Star Wars. When the base's pulse canon first activates, it strongly resembles the Death Star's firing sequence. Duke and Baroness' escape from the exploding tunnel is almost frame for frame Lando's escape from the exploding Death Star II. The entire underwater melee has strong Return of the Jedi echoes.
In the American Godzilla (1998), three entire fishing boats are dragged underwater, presumably because Godzilla just swallowed their catch, nets and all. This is an apparent Shout-Out to the barrel-dragging scenes in Jaws ("Not with three!").
The far-away shot of the HALO jumpers landing past Godzilla is a nod to the first poster for Cloverfield.
The visual setup of the shot when the door of the HALO jump plane opens, with the setting sun framed dead center just above the horizon, is a reference to the start of the 'Stargate' sequence in 2001: A Space Odyssey'. The use of Ligeti's 'Requiem' from that scene in the film confirms this.
The massive Godzilla-species skeleton in the second trailer and the plot of an ancient monster going up against equally ancient winged creatures seems evocative of the Heisei Gamera series.
The loving, tender moment between the two MUTOS echo Edward's previous film Monsters. On a slightly amusing note, the way the two kiss as they share a nuke has been compared to Lady and the Tramp.
Edwards has said that the team looked at the monsters from Alien and Starship Troopers for inspiration in designing the MUTOs.
Early images of the toy version of one of the MUTOs show it to be suspiciously similar to the Cloverfield monster, right down to the arms on the abdomen and the layout of the body, albeit with a far more upright posture, two sets of frontal limbs and a pitch black colouration.
AKIRA served as a major source of visual inspiration as far as portraying the scenes of destruction.
The main family had the name Brody which is a shout-out to Jaws.
One of the many gags hidden in the opening credits: the paragraph surrounding Bryan Cranston's name is about a man named WalterMalcolm.
The MUTO eggs, orange and glowing, resemble the nest of Sammael from Hellboy.
The single word redacted after Gareth Edwards's name is the name of his first movie, Monsters.
The male MUTO looks like Mothra or Battra and fights like Megaguirus.
Grandma's Boy: Among the various poster on the walls in the background promoting Brainasium's future projects are an advertisement for "Gay Robot". "Gay Robot" is Nick Swardson's episode-based film project.
In The Great Mouse Detective, the mice come out of part of the floor moulding that looks exactly like the one the Cinderella mice use in the scene where they steal the beads.
In the toy shop, there's a clockwork toy elephant that looks like Dumbo.
The original Marvin from the TV series makes a cameo appearance, playing an anonymous robot in a queue.
The commentary on the DVD claims that one of the actresses who played Trillian prior to the film appears in place of the usual boozehound during the scene in the Bar and Groom. Whether this is Susan Sheridan or Sandra Dickinson is not made clear.
At one point a radio message is sent to the team to warn them that they're about to encounter an enemy patrol boat. The message is almost a word-for-word copy of a similar radio message in The Guns of Navarone, and the battle that follows is clearly inspired by that movie as well.
Martin and Charlie Sheen word for word recreate their internal monologues from Apocalypse Now and Platoon respectively. Then as their boats pass they look at each other and say, "I loved you in Wall Street!" (Where they played father and son.)
When Bob Parr is seen having dinner with Mirage, he's wearing a blue suit and tie but still has his domino mask on. This is a shout-out to Will Eisner's The Spirit, a favorite comic book of director Brad Bird (in The Iron Giant, he also mentioned The Spirit when Hogarth showed his comic book collection to the giant robot, adding that the Spirit was "very cool".)
Bob is held in room A113.
Dash vs. the speeders calls back the Star Wars speeder chase.
Oh and speaking of Star Wars, the scene where Mr. Incredible chokes Mirage for betraying him and having him locked up by Syndrome can be seen as a reference to Chewbaca choking Lando for betraying the Rebels to Darth Vader.
The call-sign of Helen's plane is "India Golf Niner-Niner", or "IG 99", referencing The Iron Giant, director Brad Bird's previous film. The Iron Giant — "I.G." — came out in '99.
Syndrome entitled his project "Kronos", which is the name of a 1957 film featuring a giant killer robot.
Not to mention, Kronos, in Greek Myth, is titled the 'all devouring' and eats his children, the Olympians (except for Zeus, of course), and in other words, killing. What do those Omnidroids (the all devouring,) do to the superheroes (the Olympians)? So, Kronos=Omnidroid, Olympians=Supers, and (in a way,) Zeus=Bob.
Many of the costumes on display in Edna Mode's studio are shout outs to Marvel super heroes, including Captain America, the Fantastic Four, and Crystal of The Inhumans.
Jack-Jack Parr — get it? Jack Parr.
The rolling giant robot-ball and the closing flame curtains both recall Indiana Jones.
The mascot of the middle school that Violet attends — a Spartan — is the same as Brad Bird's high school, Corvallis High School. The design of the high school is also what CHS used to look like (it was bulldozed and rebuilt in 2005)
Syndrome's submarine resembles Black Manta.
Elastigirl finds out her husband has been keeping secrets from her, doing hero-work behind her back, and follows him into enemy territory, determined to find him no matter what the obstacles or dangers involved, requiring her to stealthily sneak among troops of Mooks like a ninja — exactly what Marguerite Blakeney does in the Super HeroTrope CodifierThe Scarlet Pimpernel.
The ship that Syndrome's robot flies into the city in (and, to an extent, the robot itself) is modeled on Dr. Zin's "The Robot Spy" on Jonny Quest.
Also, Dash channels Little Mac in a fistfight with one of the goons on their speeder.
"You are my greatest adventure..." My Greatest Adventure was the DC comic that introduced the Doom Patrol.
The Underminer, the villain that appears at the very end of the movie, is extremely similar to the first villain another certain superhero family fight on their very first published comic.
The Parr family is itself a homage to the Fantastic Four: Bob has the Thing's strength minus his stone-like appearance, Helen has Mr. Fantastic's stretching ability, Violet can turn invisible and generate forcefields like the Invisible Woman, and Dash has the Human Torch's arrogantly cocky personality. And baby Jack-Jack can set himself on fire like the Torch.
In the end, the shot of Mr. Incredible pulling his shirt apart, revealing his superhero emblem, is exactly like Superman.
The end when Jack-Jack manifests powers for the first time in the movie pays homage to the Human Torch (someone becoming a human fireball), Colossus (someone turning his skin to super-dense metal at will) and The Incredible Hulk (someone turning into a monstrous alter-ego when angry).
A snickering Shout-Out was one scene in Independence Day where a frazzled cable TV worker is attempting to empathise with an enraged customer by saying "Yes, I love The X-Files too".
And to Star Wars, with Ewan McGregor (AKA Obi-Wan Kenobi) saying the famous Catch Phrase, "I have a bad feeling about this". Good luck hearing it over the squealing fans.
The golden harp, shown at least three times in the film, heavily resembles the one in the Mickey and the Beanstalk short in Fun and Fancy Free.
The king (Ian McShane) is announced by someone saying "The King approaches". That's also how he was announced in Kings.
In Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back, Federal Wildlife Marshal Willenholly is a reference to the characters Marshall, Will and Holly on the 1970's children's TV show Land of the Lost — a shout out reinforced by the subsequent appearance of the Sleestak Diner sitting in the shadow of Kirk's Rock.
Hit Girl's nightvision rampage resembles Modern Warfare 2's multiplayer, where Hit-Girl's apparently using a H&K USP Compact with a tactical knife attachment. Which is what some criminals were playing earlier on in the film.
Dave was partly distraught about the prospect of his death because he won't get to see what happens on LOST.
Dave points out that his narrating the film doesn't guarantee his survival by name checking several films that have featured posthumous narration.
"If you're reassuring yourself that I'm going to make it through this since I'm talking to you now, quit being such a smart-ass! Hell dude, you never seen Sin City? American Beauty? Sunset Boulevard?"
"With no power comes no responsibility" references the famous mantra of the Spider-Man franchise.
"I WILL AVENGE YOU, MOTHER!!!!" in a style reminiscent of Peter Parker lurking around ol' Uncle Ben's grave in said Spider-Man franchise. And then you get told off by Dave for expecting that.
When Kick-Ass dons his costume for the first time, this is accompanied by upbeat music resembling John Williams' Superman march. Also, when Red Mist rides through the city in the Mist Mobile, the soundtrack heavily resembles the Batman theme from the Tim Burton movies.
The Mook that gets thrown under a bus to establish Red Mist as a superhero is named Tony Romita. John Romita Sr. was the second penciler on the original Spider-Man comic book and one of the most influential and best-known. His son, John Romita Jr., is also a comic book artist well-known for his own take on Spider-Man and, of course, the Kick-Ass comic book itself.
The shoot-out in darkness is one big 'Hello!' to Equilibrium.
The music that plays during Big Daddy's assault on the warehouse and the end of the pitch-black shoot-out are the themes from 28 Days Later and Sunshine, both directed by Danny Boyle.
The yellow car driven by Dexter Fletcher's character is the same one his character drove in Layer Cake, also directed by Matthew Vaughn. Both characters are called Cody.
After he gets numerous metal implants to reinforce his broken bones, Dave is compared to Wolverine.
For those of you who watched the 2003 anime series .hack//Dusk, look very carefully in the background of the comic book store and you'll see a cardboard cutout of Rena in the background, as well as several Hellboy posters.
In one scene Dave and his friends are reading an issue of The Runaways.
When Dave is leaving the hospital, his Dad puts a copy of Watchmen in his bag.
In the Peter Jackson version of King Kong (2005), Carl Denham criticizes RKO Pictures, as they are supposed to be rival companies. The 1933 version, which almost everyone knows, was shot and produced by RKO. Also in the 2005 version, Carl is surprised Fay Wray isn't available for shooting. She played Anne in the 1933 version.
They also make fun of some dialogue from the original, having Jack Driscoll being quite sexist towards Anne, with actually making this exact scene a part of Denham's movie. It's quite nice how they did acknowledge the older work while (by giving them to a narcissistic jerk) pointing out that these lines are hopelessly out-of-date today.
German movie Kleine Haie makes a Shout-Out to Woyzeck when one aspiring actor is playing the doctor for the acting teachers. "Yes, good, but now play him with a Speech Impediment!"
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly inspires Tonto looting the corpses of Dan's posse, he and John riding through the desert with an umbrella and the bridge detonation.
Once Upon a Time in the West gets quite a workout: the railroad plot, the intro of Dan and his posse wearing dusters, the squeaky windmill featuring in one scene, and Tonto revealing his past identity to Cole "at the point of dying." Hans Zimmer's music sounds like a conscious homage to Ennio Morricone, too.
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid inspires the standoff between John, Tonto and two of Butch's henchmen, with the heroes arguing over who should kill whom, and John admitting he's not fired a gun in years.
The train robbery features one of Butch's men forcing hostages to sing "Shall We Gather at the River?", in a nod to The Wild Bunch.
The Comanche scenes, flashbacks to the massacre in Tonto's backstory and the line "it's a good day to die" all originate from Little Big Man.
At one point, the Big Bad tells Tonto "Pretty soon no one will even know you people were here." A very similar line popped up in the director's previous film Rango.
Again to Planet of the Apes in the second movie, Skipper says he's so happy at the monkey he could kiss him. Monkey: All right, but you're just so darned ugly." and casually smooches him, to Skipper's surprise.
A scene in the trailers of a shirtless, bearded Clark dramatically screaming and posing evokes 300, one of Zack Snyder's previous movies.
In another nod to 300, the Smallville High football team is called the Smallville Spartans (instead of Crows like in the Smallville show).
And another nod to 300, with Jor-El uttering the phrase "This is madness!" during Zod's attempted military coup on Krypton. One of the tracks on the soundtrack album is also title "This is Madness".
Superman's baseball team of choice is the Kansas City Royals
All of the Kryptonians are named after various counterparts from the comics, some of whom are of little renown.
When the Jor-El program is explaining Krypton's history to Clark on the crashed Kryptonian ship, he shows a picture of Zod with troops marching behind him that's very reminiscent of a poster of Mao Zedong.
The explanation of the history of Krypton (having a centralized government with a few leaders, the government creating and controlling the caste system, and the method of exile from the planet) is remarkably similar to Brave New World.
The design of the World Engine that the Kryptonians use, and how it functions, is very much like the Creation Engine, used by the Kherubim, who are Kryptonian expies in the now defunct Wildstorm Universe, which is a DC property. Mr. Majestic, is one of the Superman expies in the Wildstorm Universe. In fact, the Creation Engine is used for the exact same reason: terraforming.
Clark reading Plato, when the society of Krypton is based on Plato's "the Republic".
One notable Shout-Out to a live-action movie is to The Untouchables. When the hero is frisked, his Bag of Holding turns up a whole lot of junk, including a BAZOOKA, to which he calmly says, "I have a permit for that," precisely the same words used in similar circumstances by Frank "the Enforcer" Nitti.
Also, Dirty Harry (probably a shout out for Clint Eastwood being one of Jim Carrey's impersonations in stand-up as well as Carrey having a minor part in The Dead Pool), and Sally Field at the Oscars, following this gem of a quote:
Edward G. Robinson, when the Mask lights a cigar and says "You were good, kid, real good. But as long as I'm around, you'll always be second best, see?" (a Beam Me Up, Scotty! version of Robinson's famous line from the movie The Cincinnati Kid).
The police frisk the hero, whose pockets turn out an endless stream of junk. A pair of funny eyeball glasses gets the response "I've never seen those before in my life." A BAZOOKA gets a calm "I have a permit for that", the exact response given by Frank "the Enforcer" Nitti when frisked and found to have a gun on him in The Untouchables. The same scene also includes a photograph which is a nod to actor Peter Riegert's previous work on Animal House.
A cynic could call the multitude of Biblical references in The Matrix (including the names and ID numbers of the various hoverships) a series of classy shout outs.
In keeping with the movie's philosophical subtext, some of Zion's military personnel are named after famous philosophers. There's Commander Locke, Captain Soren (after Soren Kierkegaard), and Captain Ballard (after science fiction author J.G. Ballard).
Also, there's Captain Mifune. There are two possibilities here.
In the original Japanese version of Speed Racer (which the Wachowski brothers are huge fans of), "Mifune" was the main character's last name. Fittingly, the brothers would go on to direct Speed Racer just a few years after finishing the Matrix trilogy.
It could have also been a reference to the famous actor Toshiro Mifune.
In Maverick, Maverick (played by Mel Gibson) rides a bicycle belonging to his friend Chief Joseph, who explains that he won it in a card game. This is a reference to another Western movie, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. In that movie, Butch Cassidy owns (and rides) a bicycle, and is a rotten gambler - so Chief Joseph won his bicycle from Butch!
Furthermore, Maverick is at one point robbed in a bank. Halfway through, he pulls the bandit's mask down to reveal Danny Glover, Gibson's co-star in the Lethal Weapon series. They look at each other as though in recognition, but then shake their heads saying, "Naaah..." As Glover exits the bank, he murmurs, "I'm getting too old for this shit!"
In Mean Girls, Janis Ian is named after the singer of the same name, who was a musical guest on the first episode of Saturday Night Live, Tina Fey's former show. Ian's hit song "At Seventeen" even plays in a scene.
The sequel: Why does it feel like the football game between the Plastics and the Anti-Plastics is an homage to The Longest Yard (of all things)?
During the opening sequence of Mirrormask, there is a brief shot of one of the circus performers "contact juggling" with a set of four crystal balls, a homage to the crystal manipulations done in Labyrinth.
At the end, George is seen going into a door with a mallet and a watermelon, like Gallagher's comedy bits.
When asked if there are any kids in the village, the Snowman replies "Oh, sure. Tough kids, sissy kids, kids who climb on rocks..." These are the words to the Armour Hot Dogs jingle.
Doesn't Randall remind you of anotherRandall from Disney? And it's not just because they have the same name; they have a similar posture and personality.
It's not just Randall, but Roz looks and acts like Miss Finster.
The opening credits look a lot like the hand-drawn Disney movies from the 50s and 60s.
Blink and you'll miss it - when Monsters Inc. starts using laughter as a power source, take a look at the giant display in the doors' room. Did you see the two silhouettes on it? You know, the taller one hitting the other with a hammer?
Near the end of the movie, Boo shows Sully her Jessie the Yodelin' Cowgirl doll (Jessie first appeared as a character in Toy Story 2).
The families Chi-Fu calls to claim their conscription notices are the names of Disney animators, Mulan's alter-ego is named after Sai Ping Lok, another Disney Studios who did background work and research for the movie.
Something quite hard to spot in The Mummy Returns. When the log is blown up and the pygmies drop into the river, only one of the pygmies remains on one half of the log. He straddles it and waves his hand round, while one end of the log glows, in a brief shoutout to the famous scene from Dr. Strangelove.
National Lampoon's European Vacation. In the part of the movie set in England, the Griswald family accidentally runs over a bicyclist. The bicyclist, played by Eric Idle, waves off the Griswalds' concern over his injuries, stating that it's just a flesh wound and he'll be alright once he goes down to the chemists'.
Several to 2001: A Space Odyssey, such as the shape of the drone pods, Jack being suddenly denied access to the base, the red glaring eye of the eerie antagonist or the name of the space mission to the unknown, The Odyssey.
The number of shout outs to the Mass Effect series in this movie is rather astounding:
Jack's rifle looks almost exactly like the Viper Sniper Rifle from Mass Effect 2. It also sounds the same with similar-looking glowing blue projectiles.
Jack Harper has the same name as (Mass Effect spoiler) The Illusive Man.
The soundtrack is at times reminiscent of the Mass Effect soundtrack.
The Big Bad is a giant sentient spaceship with a god complex.
However, Sally's voice, her Deadpan Snarker attitude, and the turrets, along with the cloning of two people, using them as test subjects, setting up individual areas, the remarkably mechanized voice when approaching the core, and the glaring red eye when confronted are much closer to GlaDOS. All we need now is a literal Companion Cube and we have a post-apocalyptic Portal!
The drones resemble the Oculus fighters. The scene where the drones attack the human base is very similar to the scene near the end of Mass Effect 2 where an oculus breaks into the Normandy's cargo hold.
There's also a nice shoutout to the Fallout series, with the present year being 2077, the same as the Great War. Considering the vital part nukes take place in the back story, it's hardly a coincidence. Also, in the making-of features, we learn that the Scavs' base is called Raven Rock - the same as The Enclave's base in Fallout 3.
The first of these is spoken by George Clooney to Al Pacino, when he says "What I want- what's most important to me..." (this being the exact phrase Pacino himself used when speaking to Sollozzo in the restaurant).
The second shout out was when Reuben, the bedridden casino executive, uses the same lines spoken by Vito Corleone just before Vito learned of his son's death from Tom Hagen ("I hear cars coming and going..."). They were both very subtle; probably meant as inside jokes by the actors, who didn't expect anybody to actually catch them.
Our Man Flint. After the three Galaxy leaders try to convince him to let them rule the world for its own good Flint says "All I have to do is take a bite of your apple?", a reference to Eve and the Serpent in the Garden of Eden.
The setup where the new captain of the pirate ship keeps a pet named after the captain he mutinied against. Are we talking about Barbosa and his monkey named "Jack", or Long John Silver and his parrot "Cap'n Flint"?
In On Stranger Tides, the reason Blackbeard seeks the fountain is because he receives a warning about a one legged-man, in this case Barbossa.
The musical locket owned by the villain (Jones) with an identical one owned by a good guy with a history with the villain (Tia Dalma, aka Calypso)? Straight from For a Few Dollars More, though the relationship between the corresponding characters is quite different.
The scene in the first movie, with the upper class lady getting rid of the alcohol after the lower-class wild man got drunk and started singing the previous night while they're stranded together? Yeah, happened in more than just this movie.
In AWE, one of the Boats Of Deceased Souls contains two identical, stoic-faced little girls- rather reminiscent of the Creepy Twins in The Shining.
In the fourth film, Blackbeard remarks on how he has to shoot one of his own crew every so often, so they don't forget who he is. This line was also used in the Tim PowersOn Stranger Tides novel, but is allegedly (according to the 18th-century book A General History of the Pyrates by "Captain Charles Johnson") a real-life quote from Blackbeard, after he shot Israel Hands (a Real Life crew member whose name Stevenson stole for Treasure Island) in the leg for no apparent reason.
At the end of On Stranger Tides, Jack quips to Mr. Gibbs 'It's a pirate's life for me, mate', like the song that plays in the Pirates of the Caribbean ride.
In a scene in Stranger Tides, Jack and Angelica threaten each other with meat hooks.
In On Stranger Tides, when Syrena's glass coffin breaks, she is forced to walk on land. Her tail changes to legs, and every step causes her agonizing pain. These details are obviously borrowed from Andersen's fairy tale.
The scene in On Stranger Tides where Jack blows up the lighthouse is very similar to Ezio's destruction of Borgia towers in Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood.
The Fountain of Youth looks suspiciously like the Guardian of Forever, surrounding scenery (and fog!) included.
The scene of pirates walking along the seabed with an air-filled upside-down boat held over them is based on an incident in The Crimson Pirate, a 1952 pirate flick with a similar tongue-in-cheek attitude.
Beckett's world map painted on a wall recalls the opening of The Sea Hawk, an Errol Flynn movie also featuring a monkey sidekick.
Peter Pan in The Curse of the Black Pearl: In the very first scene, Governor Swann's costume looks exactly like Captain Hook. Also, in the final fight, Jack cuts off some of the feathers on Barbossa's hat, just like Peter does to Hook.
Snow White in The Curse of the Black Pearl: When Elizabeth refuses Barbossa's apple, believing it's poisoned.
Planes: To two legendary United States fighter groups.
Skipper's squadron, VF-17, aka "The Jolly Wrenches", is directly based on the real VF-17 squadron (Now VFA-103), "The Jolly Rogers".
Judge Davis is explicitly mentioned to be a "Red Tail" P-51 Mustang, which makes him a member of the 332nd Fighter Group, better known as the Tuskegee Airmen, one of whom was Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., a pilot who ultimately became a United States Air Force General.
Another is to Top Gun, when the two Navy jets do a flyby of the Flysenhower, disturbing the Air Boss's coffee. Made more of a shoutout by the identity of the actors voicing the two jets.
In Skipper's World War II flashback, his squadron is using the callsign "Jigsaw," a reference to the old John Wayne movie Flying Leathernecks.
Planet 51 takes place on a distant world, where the equivalent of dogs are animated, short-legged, altogether cuddlier versions of a certain Xenomorph species made popular by the Alien franchise.
Inverted, kinda, in Pope Joan, though probably by pure chance. Joan (Johanna) is played by Johanna Wokalek.
The Punisher (2004) has Frank Castle's wife and son killed by a truck full of hitmen running them down. The scene immediately following it in which a devastated Frank runs towards them screaming their names is almost identical to a scene in Mad Max.
The "Repo Code" from Repo Man ("I shall not cause harm to any vehicle nor the personal contents thereof, nor through inaction let the personal contents thereof come to harm") is a takeoff on Asimov's First Law of Robotics.
Marion curled up in a ball in the bathtub and shrieking is taken straight out of Perfect Blue. Aronofsky even secured the rights to a live-action version of the film just to justify including this scene in this movie.
During the scene when Tyrone and Harry are in the crowd, trying to get the drug shipment from Florida, one of the dealers is shown peeling an orange. This is a reference to The Godfather and the use of oranges as foreshadowing to something bad about to happen. They don't get their drugs, and the next sequence is Winter.
Averted by the recurring image of Marion standing at the end of a small pier, which is extremely similar to the recurring image in Dark City that also features Jennifer Connelly. Word Of God says that this was unintentional.
A Shout Out exists in every scene of the movie River City Rumble, a fan-made tribute movie based on River City Ransom, be it to the game itself, other classic video games, anime, or western cartoons.
The Scream films are laden with shoutouts from a wide range of Horror movies.
The murdered school principal in the first Scream is played by Henry Winkler, better known as Fonzie in Happy Days. As he goes into his office, the Fonz's leather jacket can be seen hanging up on the back of the door.
If you took all the movie references out of Scream there wouldn't be anything left! Billy Loomis is named after Doctor Loomis from Halloween (who in turn was named after Sam Loomis from Psycho), and Craven even peppered it with references to his own A Nightmare on Elm Street, not all of them complimentary.
Miho from Sin City uses a ''pair'' of Hattori Hanzo swords. According to Rodriguez and Tarantino, Miho wouldn't use anything less than a Hanzo blade to chop vegetables.
In the film version of A Sound of Thunder, Charles Hatton tells the travelers after the first successful time traveling expedition, "Gentlemen, and lady: today, you stood shoulder-to-shoulder with Columbus discovering America, Armstrong stepping on the moon, Brubaker landing on Mars." The director, Peter Hyam, also filmed Capricorn One, where Col. Charles Brubaker (James Brolin) is the first man on Mars in the faked landing.
In the backstory of the original Total Recall (1990), Quaid/Hauser stayed at a hotel on Mars under the name "Brubaker".
Green Goblin: "We are who we choose to be, now choose!"
One of the surgeons trying to operate on Octopus raises an arm holding a chainsaw a là Ash in Army of Darkness. In the same scene, we get a POV shot from one of the tentacles as it slithers through the air just like the unseen force in the Evil Dead movies.
The design of Earth's cities now has a very Mass Effect-like look and feel. From the vehicles, to the architecture, you'd have expect to see a derelict Reaper near London. The Klingon ruins suggest a cross between Tuchanka and Ilos.
When Harrison takes out the Starfleet High Command early in the movie, it resembles the scene in The Godfather Part III.
Nibiru, the name of the planet in the opening scene, is the ancient Babylonian name for Jupiter (which has also been used in a couple of different pseudoscientific theories involving planetary catastrophes).
George Lucas' Star Wars films contain a reference to his first movie, THX 1138, when Luke Skywalker explains away their presence on the Death Star by claiming it's "a prisoner transfer from cellblock 1138". Interestingly enough, when Mark Hamill improvised that line, George Lucas actually told him not to do it in another take, as the original script just had a random combination of numbers.
Not the first time this happened. One of the protagonists in American Graffiti has a car with the license plate THX-1138.
Almost every Star Wars movie has some reference to THX-1138. On Hoth in The Empire Strikes Back, General Rieekan says, "Send Rogues 10 and 11 to sector 38." In The Phantom Menace, the droid killed by Jar Jar Binks at the end has serial number 1138 on his back. In Attack of the Clones, the LED lights on the back of the clone trooper helmets display a serial number. Although illegible, they all read "THX 1138". Finally, in Revenge of the Sith, Clone Commander Bacara's number is 1138.
In Lucas' novelization of Star Wars, one of the stormtroopers who was assigned to guard the Millennium Falcon after its capture on the Death Star was THX-1138 (changed either to or from TK-421 in the movie).
Almost everything Star Wars has a reference somewhere. Don't forget the stormtrooper unit in Galactic Battlegrounds would state "THX-1138 ready, sir," when selected.
In Attack of the Clones, the scene of the clones being trained via helmet is an identical visual reference to a flashback scene from AKIRA.
The once-ubiquitous THX mastering standard is a Shout-Out to same, making it possibly the most common one of all time (if you count every single movie, TV show and video game where the logo appears).
The protagonist of Republic Commando, Boss, is Delta 1138.
In A New Hope, just before Vader starts choking one of the Death Star commanders, a shout out is made to one of Lucas' influences:
Admiral Motti: Don't try to frighten us with your sorcerer's ways, Lord Vader. Your sad devotion to that ancient religion has not helped you conjure up the stolen data tapes, or given you clairvoyance enough to find the Rebel's hidden fortre...
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull is full of them. The alien body that the Russians are looking for at the beginning was reportedly an old prop from Spielberg's Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Near the end of the scene in Area 51, Indy smashes through a number of crates with a truck, including one holding the Ark of the Covenant from Raiders of the Lost Ark. There's even a Star Wars reference, with Indy quipping near the end, "I've got a bad feeling about this".
According to an Ain't it Cool editor, there were a bunch of shout outs to the Indiana Jones EU Books - Indy's resistance to telepathy, alien hunting, etc.
Indy also tells Mutt about his time in Pancho Villa's army—that's a reference to events that took place during The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles.
Many of the cast have some connection to P&P: Colin Firth was Mr. Darcy and Anna Chancellor (Miss Bagstock) was Miss Bingley in the 1995 miniseries; Talulah Riley (Annabelle) was Mary Bennet in the 2005 film version; and Gemma Arterton (Kelly) was Elizabeth Bennet in the 2008 miniseries Lost in Austen.
Miss Fritton's dog is named for Mr. Darcy. This becomes distinctly "meta" in that the dog is kicked out the window while attempting to hump the Education Minister's leg - even Mr Darcy wants Colin Firth!
Colin Firth's slow-motion walk to the hockey field in wet white shirt with his jacket over his arm mimics a similar scene he did in the 1995 Pride and Prejudice.
The quizmaster's question "What book was originally titled First Impressions?" references the original title of Pride and Prejudice.
Similarly, there are a number of shoutouts surrounding "The Girl With A Pearl Earring", starting with Colin Firth's role in the 2003 film of the same name, the explicit reference to Colin Firth wanting to shag her, and Chelsea initially thinking that the idea is to "steal Scarlett Johansson''.
To The Italian Job, when the twins use a little too much explosive during the heist rehearsal.
You were only supposed to blow the bloody doors off!
In her mannerisms and mode of dress, Camilla Fritton parodies Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall.
When Thwaites and Camilla meet, she says "Another time!" and he answers "Another country!" His response is the title of a 1984 film in which Rupert Everett and Colin Firth first starred together.
When Annabelle is entering the school for the first time, she calls it "Hogwarts for Pikeys".
Superman II. While Lex Luthor is sliding down the wall of Superman's Fortress of Solitude he says "Another small step for mankind", a reference to astronaut Neil Armstrong's famous statement upon setting foot on the Moon.
Tank Girl. Tank Girl fires her tank's gun and causes a bucket of water (and the bucket itself) to fall on Kesslee's "head". A cartoon has Kesslee saying "I'm melting!"
At one point, our heroes pull into a gas station. The pumps have "Benthic Petroleum" logos on them — the company that owned the undersea oil rig in The Abyss, also written and directed by James Cameron.
The Terminator carrying a shotgun in a box full of roses is a reference to Guns N' Roses (who are in the soundtrack) and a shout-out to The Godfather (where Clemenza uses this concealment).
An unusual example: James Cameron wrote both T2 and Aliens and both movies include a scene where a character says something like: "I asked once the company where we got this ridiculously advanced computer and mechanical arm from/why we're going out in small groups to this random mucus-covered building in the middle of nowhere, and you know what they told me? Don't Ask." As the scene in Aliens was cut (but restored in the Extended version), one could see the Miles Dyson scene as Cameron homaging himself.
There is an easy-to-miss Shout-Out in this movie. In the scene where John, Sarah, Dyson, and the Terminator are setting explosives to blow up the Cyberdyne research laboratory, the explosive barrels are labeled "Polydichloric Euthimal". This is the same name as the synthetic stimulant being used by some of the miners in Outland.
One to Armageddon, the Decepticon meteorites striking Paris, along with people running from collapsing buildings.
No matter its use, the ammo-less electro magnetic weapon nicknamed a rail gun that resides on an aircraft carrier matches the description, and fires in an almost identical way, to the MacGuffin weapons in Eraser. Makes it somewhat more acceptable knowing that.
Also, counting as foreshadowing as well, Wheelie watches on episode of Star Trek: The Original Series in Sam and Carly's apartment and says; "I've seen this one. This is the one where Spock goes nuts". Hinting at Sentinel Prime's later betrayal.
Bumblebee when talking to Sam Just before "leaving" the planet uses "I am and always shall be your friend" referencing Star Trek III.
Optimus Prime's trailer is a dead ringer for G1!Optimus' trailer, right down to the Autobot symbol on the trim line.
The overall plot is very similar to the Doctor Who episode "The End of Time", with Cybertron in the role of Gallifrey, Dylan Gould in the role of Joshua Naismith, Optimus Prime as the Doctor, Sam Witwicky as Ross Noble, Megatron as the Master and Sentinel Prime as Rassilon.
The plot where Decepticons use a Space bridge to transport Cybertron to Earth is straight out of the original cartoon series story, "The Ultimate Doom".
There's also when Penelope Snow AKA White She-Devil tells "Anton" that he's "cute in a Theo Huxtable kind of way." Eddie Griffin had just four years starring in a sitcom with Theo himself, Malcolm Jamal Warner.
Unstoppable: A shout out to Silver Streak - an AWVR official named Gene Devereaux is interviewed at one point. Gene Wilder starred in Silver Streak, and the villain was named Roger Devereaux.
The Restaurant Shenanigans in Waiting is a restaurant that was mentioned in Super Troopers that Officer Rodney Farva likes to eat at complete with Goofy Shit on the wall
O'Haggan: I'm gonna pistol whip the next guy who says shenanigans
Mac: Hey Farva what's that restaurant you like so much with the mozzarella sticks and the goofy shit on the wall?
Farva: Shenanigans? Shenanigans Right?
In We're the Millers David refers to the man who inspires his plan by using his family to avoid getting a speeding ticket as a "real life Flanders" due to his strong physical similarity to Ned Flanders.
During the car chase between the heroes and the weasels, the weasel driving sneers "I'm gonna ram 'im!"... then, when the attempted target of their vehicular assault dodges, he and his mooks scream as they hurtle towards a crash. Just like the scene with Biff chasing a skateboard-riding Marty in Back to the Future.
Even though differs significantly from the original, they did keep a few tidbits from the 1941 version:
Gwen's family owns an antique shop
Lawrence's cane is similar to the one in the original, sporting a wolf's head and star.
Sir John beating the crap out of Lawrence with said cane but not in self defense, oh, far from it.
Also a possible Shout-Out combined with a meta-example of a Stealth Pun: Lawrence, who has lived in the United States since he was a child, and who has recently contracted lycanthropy, is sent to an asylum in London. Making him, naturally, An American Werewolf in London.
The gypsy girl Lawrence saves is named Maria, which might possibly be a subtle nod to Maria Ouspenskaya, who played Maleva in the original.
Del Toro's Talbot bears a striking resemblance to Oliver Reed's Leon from the Hammer HorrorThe Curse of the Werewolf. And you don't get more Spanish with a name like Benicio del Toro. The idea that love might inhibit the transformation is also from Curse.
Might be a subtle shout out to Werewolf of London. Not just for the fact Lawrence terrorized London for part of the film, but mainly for the ending scenes. Lawrence stays alive long enough to thank Gwen for shooting him and reassures her that it was the right thing to do, much like Dr. Glendon reassures his wife and friends in a similar nature.
The fact that Sir John received the curse from the bite of a feral child is an even subtler one. In the earliest treatment of the original movie, the titular Wolf Man would have been an orphan raised by wolves. This upbringing would have been the source of his lycanthropy. He received the bite in Tibet, just like Dr. Glendon.
Gary keeps calling them The Three Musketeers, even though there are five of them. This doubles as foreshadowing.
Reverend Green's nickname is a reference to the fact that he sells pot as well as a shout out to the green character in Cluedo. This joke doesn't translate as well in America, where the character is called "Mr. Green."
The symbol representing The Network is a row of parallel vertical lines that resemble a symbol seen in the publicity for The Fifth Element.
A neon sign at a bar says "Marv's Beer," a reference to writer Marv Wolfman.
The Oxford pub, The Eagle. Which doubles as a reference to the reference to the Eagle Awards (named after the magazine) which the X-Men won in the 1970s and 1980s.
The neon sign at the bar where they find Angel is "Atomic"—which is a reference to how mutants were called "Children of the Atom" in the comics. Also an example of Shown Their Work, since Las Vegas in the '60s and '70s was famous for the nearby nuclear tests, and everything was named after the famous atom; drinks, shows, and nightclubs.
When the POV shifts to show what Xavier sees when he's looking through another person's eyes, the effects are staggeringly similar to the ones used in Dark City when Rufus takes a level in badass after getting administered with the scientist's ability-enhancing serum. Right down to perspective morphs and a silvery fringe around the frame.
According to the comic book writers who originally named it, the Hellfire Club was inspired by an episode of the 1960s TV series The Avengers. Which, of course, shared its title with the other major Marvel superhero team of the 1960s, The Avengers.
Shaw wears a swinging 60s era ascot during his meeting with Soviet generals. In the comics, Shaw (and the rest of the Hellfire Club) habitually wore 18th century period attire which included lace ascots or cravats.
The camera angle when we first see a close-up of Charles holding the gun is reminiscent of the final scene from Wanted (which also stars James McAvoy).
The film begins with a Japanese man getting a wound from an atom bomb on his cheek that never heals. This happens to the protagonist of the famous Japanese novel about the Hiroshima bombing, Black Rain (Kuro Ame).
Naked on Arrival from a bleak future dominated by a Robot War, the time-shifted Wolverine demands a goon hand over his clothes and vehicle. This is a nod to Terminator 2. Although in this case, it wasn't the time-traveler who was naked, but the body he was jumping into that happened to be naked at the time.
The villain planning to stop humanity's wars by uniting them against an enemy that isn't actually an enemy is a reference to Watchmen
There's a scene from the 2003 Children of Dune miniseries where Leto Atreides II (played by James McAvoy) collapses to the ground in agony because he is overwhelmed by the voices in his head. A woman then asks him, "Are you crazy yet?", which mirrors Charles' belief that he had lost his mind after the onset of his telepathy. Moreover, Leto has Bene Gesserit training, so his use of the Voice to control another person's behaviour is virtually identical to Xavier's powers.
Magneto quotes James Brown's "The Payback" during his rescue.
Erik: I don't know karate, but I know crazy.
Arnold Schwarzenegger's The 6th Day has a probable shoutout to Replicant (as well as referencing Freud): The holo-psychiatrist's first sanity-test question in the event that a person thinks they've been cloned is the first question in the Replicant test, but with two turtles.