Creator / Rodgers and Hammerstein

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Rodgers and Hammerstein on the left and right, respectively.

"I know the world is filled with troubles and many injustices. But reality is as beautiful as it is ugly. I think it is just as important to sing about beautiful mornings as it is to talk about slums. I just couldn't write anything without hope in it."
— Oscar Hammerstein II

American songwriting team consisting of Richard Rodgers (June 28, 1902 — December 30, 1979, composer) and Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 — August 23, 1960, lyricist). Together they earned 34 Tonys, 15 Academy Awards, a Pulitzer Prize and two Grammys, making them EGOTs (winners of an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony). Rodgers and Marvin Hamlisch have been the only EGOTs to win those 4 prizes and a Pulitzer. As the quote above indicates, their shows are well on the idealistic end of the Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism; despite often dealing with serious topics (racism in South Pacific, sexual harassment in Oklahoma!, spousal abuse in Carousel), they're a by-word for perky, heart-warming, optimistic musicals.

Before their creative partnership began, both had been involved in earlier collaborations; Rodgers was acclaimed for his work with Lorenz Hart, while Hammerstein co-wrote Show Boat (arguably the first modern musical, and written in a style which foreshadowed the work of this duo) with composer Jerome Kern.

Curiously, Oscar Hammerstein knew Stephen Sondheim as a young man and was a formative influence on him (Sondheim has said that "if Oscar was a geologist, I would have been a geologist").

Their musicals were Broadway shows, with two exceptions that later received Screen to Stage Adaptations:
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