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We know we belong to the land, and the land we belong to is grand!
And when we say, "Yeeow! Ayipioeeay!"
We're only sayin', "You're doin' fine, Oklahoma!
Oklahoma! is a 1943 musical, possibly the most influential musical in the genre. It was based on the play Green Grow the Lilacs and adapted by Rodgers and Hammerstein. Set in 1906, it tells the story of a young cowboy named Curly, and a farm girl, Laurey. They're obviously in love, but neither of them will admit it. The sinister farmhand, Jud, asks Laurey to a dance. Laurey is afraid of him, but she accepts to spite Curly. The story takes a dark turn as Laurey realizes that Jud is dangerous, and that, if she were to turn him down, he could become violent.The musical is a radical departure from the mostly fluffy musical comedies that had preceded it. It integrated the book (the spoken dialogue) with the music without attempting to justify it. Its use of dance as adding to the plot and atmosphere was also a change from the showgirls of previous musicals. It was not the first to use such techniques (Show Boat, which also featured lyrics and libretto written by Hammerstein, predated it by nearly 20 years), but its impact is unmistakable.Oklahoma! was successfully adapted to film in 1955, and has been revived numerous times on Broadway and in London.
Anti-Villain: As creepy as he is, it's hard not to feel at least a little sorry for Jud, with the way he's ostracized by the town and seems to be completely starved for affection. Oh, and did we mention the fact that the hero tries to encourage Jud to kill himself before he had even done anything wrong?
Of course, then the Villain Song "Lonely Room" happens and Jud starts to enter actual villainous territory.
Some productions imply that Jud started a fire that killed an entire family before the play even started. Why? Because the daughter in the family rejected him. This implication happens just before Curly started trying to convince Jud to kill himself.
Book Ends: The play and movie begin with Curly singing, "Oh What a Beautiful Mornin'" before asking Laurey out to the dance, and end with everyone singing the song while celebrating Curley's and Laurey's marriage and Oklahoma's becoming a state.
Bowdlerise: In the play, "Kansas City" had a part with Will singing about how one of the burlesque girls he saw undressed herself to prove that she had a shapely figure, as opposed to a padded outfit. In the movie, Will sings about how when she danced, her body moved naturally.
Ethical Slut: Ado Annie is equal-opportunity in terms of loving the man she's with.
Evil Sounds Deep: Jud Fry is almost always cast as a bass, although the 1979 revival saw Martin Vidnovic play Jud, and "Lonely Room" was transposed up a third (still keeping it in baritone territory, but with a tessitura higher than a bass's song would have.)
Fate Worse Than Death: Ali Hakim's forced marriage to Gertie Cummings. "I thought it would be better to be alive, but now I ain't so sure."
Fauxreigner: Ali Hakim can be one depending on the production. Despite the character claiming to be Persian, the part was written for a "Jewish Comic"-type actor, and it is in line with the characterization for Hakim to be an outsider/more worldly than the characters (which a Jew from New York City would be in the setting), but still lying about his background in being American-born. The role finally went to an actual Muslim (although not an Iranian) in a major production when the 2002 Broadway revival gave the part to Aasif Mandvi.
Felony Misdemeanor: Laurey is horrified over this, weeps over this, has nightmares over this. Curly would rather see Jud dead than let him go through with this. Curly sells every prized possession he has to stop this from happening. And in the end Jud DIES over this. The crime? Asking Laurey out on a date, taking her to a party, and bidding on a picnic basket.
Some stagings of the play add subtext that Jud is going to rape Laurey if he gets her alone.
Feuding Families: Not families per se, but the farmers and cowboys otherwise fit this trope.
Final Love Duet: "Let People Say We're in Love" - which, unlike most instances of this trope, is actually a reprise (with different lyrics) of the earlier flirty duet "People Will Say We're in Love."
Kangaroo Court: The final sequence is the entire town holding a mock trial to excuse Curly for a murder charge. Regardless of whether or not he should have been guilty, they didn't even bother to hide that they were going to happily let him go after a few seconds.
Karma Houdini: Curly's conversation with Jud during "Pore Jud is Daid." Nothing is done to point out how wrong this is.
Love Triangle: Curly, Laurey, and Jud; Will, Annie, and Ali Hakim. Laurey, Curly, and Gertie Cummings, to a lesser extent.
Sharpshooter Fallacy: In order to try to impress/threaten Jud, Curly shoots a knothole in a beam on the ceiling and claims it was his target. When Aunt Eller comes in to inspect the shot, he tries to make the same claim and she points out that there are a lot of knotholes up on the ceiling.
Shotgun Wedding: Ali Hakim seems to attract these— Carnes tries to force him to marry Ado Annie. He escapes that one, only to be forced to marry the intolerable Gertie Cummings.
Sidekick Song: "Everything's Up to Date in Kansas City", "I Cain't Say No" and others.
Threatening Mediator: When the number "The Farmer and the Cowman" breaks up into a feud between the two groups, Aunt Eller intervenes and holds the ensemble at gunpoint to finish the number through to the Aesop.
Villainous Crush: Jud for Laurey, though how much one considers Jud to be a villain is up for debate.
Villain Song: "Lonely Room," and it's a damn good one. This is the moment that it becomes clear that, Curly being kind of a jerk to him aside, Jud is actually quite dangerous and Laurey may be in trouble.
What the Hell, Hero?: Curly tries to Mind Screw Jud into commiting suicide. Why? So that Jud won't be around to ask Laurey out. Even in the productions that add the rapey undertones, this scene happens before Jud does anything worse than express an interest in the same girl as Curly.