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Theatre: Oliver!
Oliver! is a musical adaptation of Oliver Twist, with book, music, and lyrics all by Lionel Bart. It premiered on London's West End in 1960, had its first Broadway production in 1963 and was made into a movie in 1968. (The movie became the last musical until 2002's Chicago, and the only G-rated movie to date, to win an Academy Award for Best Picture.)

Oliver! provides examples of:

  • All Girls Want Bad Boys: Nancy sings about her love of Bill Sikes, the best thief, who's a cold, bullying monster. He ends up killing her.
  • Affably Evil: Fagin; also Dodger.
  • Artful Dodger: Well of course. In fact even more so than in the book.
  • Berserk Button: Do not insult Oliver's dead mother.
  • Broken Bird: Nancy. Her plight is summed up in her song, "As Long as He Needs Me" which explains why she stays with Sikes despite his domestic abuse.
  • The Brute: Bill Sikes.
  • Character Development: Fagin provides a very interesting case study in the movie adaptation. When Oliver first meets him, he's a loud and frightening stranger who emerges from a cloud of smoke like the very Devil from Hell, bellowing at some random youngster who complains about the food to "Shut up and drink your gin!" Then, as Oliver gets introduced to everyone and he shows him around, Fagin starts looking a lot more like a comical villain, particularly during the song "You've Got to Pick a Pocket Or Two" where he hams up his whole Greedy Jew motif to pull some laughs. Later, as things get more serious, he reveals in his song "Reviewing the Situation" that he's tired of his whole criminal enterprise and wants out, but truly has nowhere to go, making him quite a sympathetic character indeed. By the end, he's pretty much run the entire range of Jewish villain characterizations from Shakespeare's time to ours.
  • Childhood Friend Romance: Both Nancy and Sikes grew up in Fagin's gang of child pickpockets, and some stage productions deliberately imply this trope when casting a younger actor as Sikes. (This actually adds a surprising amount of heartbreaking Fridge Logic to an already tragic and abusive relationship.)
  • Compressed Adaptation: A lot of plot convolutions and their related characters, particularly regarding Oliver's tangled family history, get left out.
  • The Creepy Undertaker: Both the stage and film versions, has a whole family like this. They even get a song, "That's Your Funeral."
  • Demoted to Extra: Charley Bates. His role is greatly reduced from the novel. Likely done to put more emphasis on the Artful Dodger.
  • Domestic Abuser: Bill Sikes to Nancy.
  • Double Entendre / Parental Bonus: The entirety of "Oom-Pah-Pah" is a glorious pileup of double entendres, with just enough subtlety to avoid being cut from even the most kid-friendly productions. Though it's up to the viewer to decide whether "oom-pah-pah" is meant to be alcohol, sex, or both.
    Nancy: They all suppose what they want to suppose, when they hear "oom-pah-pah"!
  • Excited Show Title!: Oliver!
  • Even Evil Has Standards: Fagin seems to dislike Bill Sikes's penchant for violence and his treatment of Nancy. The thieves and pickpockets under his care also react with horror when Sikes beats Nancy in front of them. Also, when Sikes tells the gang that he murdered Nancy, Fagin is visibly horrified and refuses to help him escape.
  • The Fagin: Obviously.
  • Fingerless Gloves: Fagin wears them.
  • Gender Flip: In some adaptations of the stage musical, the Artful Dodger is played by a girl.
  • Heel-Face Turn:
    • Nancy is forced by Sikes to lead Oliver into a trap so he can be brought back to Fagin. Later she risks her own life to save Oliver from Sikes.
    • Sikes's dog Bullseye. After Sikes murders Nancy, Bullseye runs back to the crowd and leads them to Sikes and Oliver.
    • Subverted with Fagin in the ending. He plans to do this, but instead chooses to leave with Dodger and continue a life of pickpocketing. It's rather heartwarming, in a strange way.
  • Jerk Ass:
  • Large Ham: Fagin.
  • Lighter and Softer
  • Loveable Rogue:
    • Fagin, de-emphasizing his Greedy Jew characterization in the original. Particularly notable is Ron Moody's cheerfully hammy performance in the 1968 film version. (He even stands up for Oliver on two occasions.)
    • Jack Dawkins, aka the Artful Dodger, is also a "kinder gentler" version; he steals to survive but bears no malice. In fact, the only truly evil gang member is Sikes.
  • The Musical
  • Of Corsets Sexy
  • Orphanage of Fear: The workhouse.
  • Protagonist Title
  • A Round of Drinks for the House: discussed (optimistically) in "Consider Yourself".
    Always a chance we'll meet somebody to foot the bill
    Then the drinks are on the house!
  • Say My Name Oliver!
    • But especially in "My Name"
      Sikes: What is it?
  • Spared by the Adaptation:
    • Fagin avoids capture and execution in the end.
    • The Artful Dodger avoids arrest and being sent to Australia.
    • Some productions leave Nancy's death ambiguous, implying there's a chance she survived. The film version leaves no doubt that Sikes killed her.
    • Bullseye does not fall to his death leaping up at Sikes' body as in the novel.
  • Villain Song: "Pick a Pocket or Two" for Fagin, "My Name" for Sikes. Other characters who have villainous traits such as the Bumbles and the Sowerberries have their own in "Oliver" and "That's Your Funeral" respectively.
  • Welcoming Song: The boys sing "Consider Yourself" to welcome Oliver into their gang
  • Wide-Eyed Idealist: The title character.
  • Your Mom: Noah insults Oliver's mom and outright calls him a bastard.

Oklahoma!The MusicalOmaha!
Night of the Living DeadFilms of the 1960sOnce Upon a Time in the West
Murder by DeathCreator/Columbia PicturesOn the Waterfront
Guess Who's Coming to DinnerAcademy AwardFunny Girl

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