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This article is primarily about the band; the series has a page here.The Monkees started when two TV producers, Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider, placed an ad in entertainment industry trade papers calling for "Folk & Roll Musicians-Singers for acting roles in new TV series". The "4 insane boys" who made the cut were Former Child Star and Garage Band singer Micky Dolenz, expatriate Brit turned Broadway musical head-liner Davy Jones, singer/songwriter Michael Nesmith, and Greenwich Village folkie Peter Tork. While all four Monkees had previous musical experience, Nesmith and Tork had no professional acting experience (the two had some high school and college acting creds), but they adapted quickly.The Monkees project was instantly successful—tellingly, the first single, "Last Train to Clarksville", started climbing the charts before the TV series went on the air—and the "4 insane boys" soon found themselves major stars. Still, musical director Don Kirshner rarely let them play on their records (or write their own songs)—which was kept secret until the frustrated band revealed it to the media, losing some credibility in the process. Continuing conflict culminated in Kirshner getting fired, and the Monkees took of control of their music and show, which both became increasingly free-wheeling and psychedelic. Even though the four had gotten greater control of song-writing, the band continued to take advantage of the pool of songwriters assembled for the show, since — paraphrasing Peter Tork — if you had access to Neil Diamond and Carole King in their prime writing songs for your band, wouldn't you use those songs?The hits continued for a while, even after the Monkees gave up their TV series after its second season. However, the group's 1968 film Head, a surreal, deliberately plot-less Deconstruction of the band's journey through the Show Business meat grinder, was a flop (although it's become a Cult Classic). Eventually, their record sales dropped, and Tork left, followed by Nesmith. In 1969, Saturday morning reruns of the TV series got good ratings, which led to Dolenz and Jones doing Changes, a return to the bubblegum pop of the early albums. However, the songs on Changes were not as catchy or distinctive as the ones on the band's early albums. Changes didn't chart, and that was the end of the Monkees. The four ex-members went on with their lives—until 1986.In 1986, MTV began celebrating the Monkees' 20th anniversary by rerunning their TV series. The reruns got great ratings, and suddenly the Monkees were a viable proposition again. The band had a top 20 hit with a new single ("That Was Then, This Is Now", which featured only Dolenz and Tork), started playing reunion concerts, and recorded a new album, Pool It (which featured Dolenz, Tork, and Jones). The independently wealthy Nesmith was missing from Pool It and most of the concerts, but he returned in 1996 for the band's 30th anniversary swan songs as a quartet—Justus, the only Monkees album not to feature any outside musicians, songwriters or producers, and its follow-up TV special Hey, Hey, It's the Monkees. Since then, Creative Differences and Peter Tork's health problems (he was diagnosed with a rare form of head and neck cancer, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma in 2009; he is now cancer-free) seemed to have destroyed any chance of another reunion. However, in the summer of 2011, Jones, Dolenz and Tork embarked on a hugely successful concert tour commemorating the band's 45th anniversary.Sadly, Davy Jones died of a sudden heart attack in 2012, making a full reunion impossible. Still, the Monkees' popularity and artistic legacy have remained strong to this day. It seems likely that they'll endure into the foreseeable future, not just as a memory, but as functional band; Dolenz, Tork and Nesmith kept the legacy alive by touring in 2012, 2013 and 2014.The TV show is on this page. Head and the trivia game Monkees Equals Monkees also have pages.
Principal Members (Founding members in bold, current members in italic):
Bad Boss: Don Kirshner is arguably a Real Life example. Besides not letting the Monkees play or write their own material, he released their second album (More of the Monkees) without telling them, and finally got fired for breaking an agreement that each single should have one side written by band members.
The 1970 album Changes featured only Micky and Davy; Mike and Peter had already left the band.
Slight subversion in that Micky and Davy were the primary faces of the band. However, Nesmith and Tork were the professional musicians of the group (rather than actor/singers like Dolenz and Jones), and the ones who gave the group credibility with critics and peers. At any rate, the album flopped and the remaining Monkees split up soon afterward.
According to Tork, after the Monkees were reduced to a duo, there was a joke in the trade papers that either Jones or Dolenz would quit and the last remaining member would continue on as "The Monkee". However, they'd already done that joke on TV show.
Breakup Breakout: Micky actually achieved this when he joined The Monkees. He'd been the frontman for a band called The Missing Links (previously called Micky & The One-Nighters), but he got fired as a cost-saving measure. A few days later he auditioned for The Monkees.
Call Back: "Randy Scouse Git" includes the line "four kings of EMI", a reference to The Beatles. Two years later in "Mommy and Daddy" one of the lines Micky ad-libs at the end is "kings of EMI".
When "Randy Scouse Git" (named after one of the Catch Phrases of Alf Garnett, the lead character of Til Death Us Do Part, which was later remade by US TV as All in the Family) was recorded, the British record label wouldn't allow it to be released on the grounds that the title was "offensive"(?!), so they insisted that it be given an alternate title. Hence it was initially released as "Alternate Title". (It has since been restored to its proper title.)
In British slang, randy means horny, Scouse is a term for people or things from Liverpool, and git means idiot, so it's actually pretty offensive,or at the very least inappropriate for what is marketed as an all ages act.
Micky Dolenz, who wrote the song, reportedly had no idea what the phrase actually meant; he simply heard it on British television and thought it sounded cool.
Creator Cameo: Bob Rafelson plays the cocktail lounge-y piano in the intro section of "Don't Call on Me".
Expy: The Monkees Present is often considered their equivalent to The Beatles' The White Album. They're both Genre Roulette albums that showcase the individual members instead of being group efforts, and both albums end with lullabies ("Good Night" for The Beatles, "Pillow Time" for The Monkees).
The Monkees were not allowed to play their own instruments on the show during the first season, until they overthrew label supervisor Don Kirshner.
Peter Tork didn't even sing on their first record: He had to make do as being one of the five guitarists on Nesmith's composition "Papa Gene's Blues", which contained the only instrumental contribution from a Monkee until Kirshner was fired.
Garfunkel: If anyone was the 'odd one out', it was (and continues to be) Michael Nesmith for his lack of participation in much of their later endeavors and unwillingness to play along with their slapstick humour.
Gratuitous Panning: If you listen to the track "Zilch" with headphones on, it sounds like the four of them are surrounding you.
During the psychedelic period, Micky stopped straightening his hair, while Davy cut his hair shorter.
Borderline example: Mike, during the same period, stopped wearing his famous wool hat and grew killer sideburns.
It Seemed Like a Good Idea at the Time: The band were fans of Jimi Hendrix and wanted him to open for them on their tour. Somehow, the managers of both parties actually set up the arrangement. Basically, The Monkees wanted street cred from hiring Hendrix, while Hendrix wanted mainstream exposure. This went about as well as you'd expect: whenever Hendrix went on stage, he was booed by Monkee fans. Both the Monkees and Hendrix were upset at this development and while there was no bad blood between them, Hendrix dropped out of the tour when "Purple Haze" started climbing the charts.
"Cuddly Toy", written by Harry Nilsson, is a rather dark song, with lyrics that seem to be telling the latest victim of The Casanova to just get over it ("You're not the only cuddly toy/that was ever enjoyed by any boy... You're not the only choo-choo train/That was left out in the rain/The day after Santa came... I never told you that I loved no other/You must've dreamed it in your sleep"). You'd never know it by the bouncy, cheerful way Davy Jones and Micky Dolenz sing it, though (and Nilsson's own version turns the bounciness Up to Eleven). Additionally, the line "You're not the only cherry delight/That was left in the night/And gave up without a fight" implies that the woman was a virgin — and an easy "conquest" as well.
"Goin' Down" is a fast-paced, upbeat song... about a guy having second thoughts after trying to drown himself.
"Daddy's Song" is a brassy, upbeat song (until the last verse) in which the singer remembers the day his father walked out on his family.
"Last Train To Clarksville" was written as a stealth commentary on The Vietnam War and the soldiers headed to Clarksdale, Tennesseee for basic training in the Army, before being sent to fight in the war. It brings a new meaning to "And I don't think that I'm ever coming home".
The Man Behind The Band: Evidently, Don Kirshner thought this was his role in the group's career. Consider his liner notes for More of the Monkees; he devotes much more text to the team of veteran songwriters he assembled for the band than the band itself.
The simulated nightclub chatter at the beginning and end of "Don't Call on Me".
Davy and Micky cracking jokes during "Gonna Buy Me a Dog".
Davy recites the lyrics to "The Day We Fall In Love", and he also does spoken interjections in "Look Out (Here Comes Tomorrow)".
Stealth Pun: The last word of the title of The Monkees Present is supposed to be pronounced "pree-SENT", but if you pronounce it as "PRES-sent" it also works in the sense of saying the album is a gift from The Monkees to you, and saying that, with Peter gone, Micky, David and Michael are "The Monkees present".
Step Up to the Microphone: Peter sang full lead vocals on just 5 songs (plus one short spoken piece) from their studio albums, including the two reunion albums. He's better represented on rarities albums, bonus tracks and in live shows.
Take That: A music publisher told Mike that he needed to write songs with memorable hooks which were "good clean fun". So he wrote a song called "Good Clean Fun" but didn't use the title anywhere in the lyrics.
Vocal Evolution: A surprising amount in 4 years. Mike had his tonsils removed in May 1967, and after that his voice was a touch deeper and less drawly. Davy was a natural baritone but was asked to sing at a raised pitch on the early albums, apparently so his voice matched his physical stature. On the later albums he didn't do that as much. Micky was exactly the opposite: starting around 1968 he preferred to sing at a higher pitch than he had before. If you knew nothing about The Monkees and heard a few later songs ("Zor and Zam"note where Micky sounds a lot like Grace Slick, "As We Go Along", "Acapulco Sun"), you'd be excused for thinking they had a female member. Peter...well, his voiced stayed fairly constant, but his phrasing got more natural over the years.