A singer who became widely regarded as France
's national diva, as well as being one of France's greatest international stars of the 20th century. She was born Édith Giovanna Gassion
in 1915. She sang in the streets of Paris
as a teen and was discovered in Pigalle by nightclub owner Louis Leplée, who persuaded her to sing in his cabaret on the Champs-Elysées. She then rose to national stardom in the late 1930's and to international stardom after World War 2
. She was nicknamed "La Môme Piaf" (meaning "The Waif Sparrow" or "The Little Sparrow" in Parisian slang), hence her stage name. She sang mostly about love
, and she always wore
a Little Black Dress
on stage.Some parts of her early life were heavily romanticized if not purely invented
, but otherwise her personal life was characteristically dramatic
. From the age of 3 to 7, she was allegedly blind as a result of keratitis. Her one and only daughter died at age 2 in 1935. She was watched by the police as a suspect after the murder of her first manager, but later cleared. Her lover Marcel Cerdan (the greatest French boxing champion) died in a plane crash in 1949. She was involved in three serious car crashes after 1951, leading to morphine and alcohol addictions and rheumatoid arthritis. Said addictions and illness weakened her, made her look older than she was and ultimately caused her death on October 10, 1963 at age 47.
She had high-profile affairs with many of her male associates and some of the biggest celebrities in France. She married twice : her first marriage in 1952, to singer Jacques Pills, lasted for four years (Marlene Dietrich
was her wedding witness). Her 1962 marriage to Théo Sarapo, a French singer and performer of Greek origins 20 years her junior
, lasted until her death. Théo Sarapo didn't survive her for long, he died from his wounds after a car crash in 1970 at age 34.
- "Mon Légionnaire" (1936)
- "La Vie en Rose" (1946)
- "L'Hymne à l'amour" (1949), dedicated to her then lover Marcel Cerdan (before he died). It was banned in Spain by the Francisco Franco regime because they had an adulterous affair, which was a scandal in the very devout Catholic country.
- "Padam ... Padam ..." (1951)
- "L'Accordéoniste" (1955)
- "Les Amants d'un Jour" (1956)
- "L'Homme à la moto" (1956), the French version of The Cheers' song "Black Denim Trousers and Motorcycle Boots"
- "La Foule" (1957)
- "Mon manège à moi" (1958)
- "Milord" (1959)
- "Non, je ne regrette rien" (1960)
- "A quoi ça sert l'amour" (1962), her last major song, co-sung with Théo Sarapo
Edith Piaf provides examples of:
- Alone in a Crowd: "La Foule".
- Badass Biker: "L' Homme à la Moto".
- Biopic: The film La Vie en Rose starring Marion Cotillard.
- The Dead Rise to Advertise: A British ad campaign featured real footage of Edith Piaf singing "Je ne regrette rien." Instead of an accurate translation, the subtitles claimed she's singing that there's actually one thing she does regret- she could have got cheap glasses from Specsavers.
- Hooker with a Heart of Gold: "Milord", about a gentle lower-class "girl of the port" (perhaps a prostitute) who develops a crush on an elegantly attired apparent upper-class British traveller (or "milord"), whom she has seen walking the streets of the town several times (with a beautiful young woman on his arm), but who has not even noticed her. The singer feels that she is nothing more than a "shadow of the street" (ombre de la rue).
- Iconic Outfit: Her black dress.
- I Regret Nothing: "Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien".
- Legion of Lost Souls: "Mon Légionnaire," about a woman's yearning for an unhappy legionnaire she knew for a short time.
- Little Black Dress: She always performed in black. Hardly any pictures of her depicted her in other outfits.
- Pep Talk Song: "Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien"
- The Power of Love: "L' Hymne à l' Amour", "Les Amants d' un Jour", "La Vie en Rose".
- Real Life Writes the Plot: The tragedies in her life inspired the lyrics to many of her songs, such as "Hymne A L' Amour", recorded after the untimely death of her partner Marcel Cerdan in a plane crash.
- Sex, Drugs and Rock & Roll: Her life was full of love affairs, substance abuse, alcoholism and all of it was reflected in her songs.
- Small Reference Pools: She is the most famous French chansonnier in the world. Only Jacques Brel matches her, who was Belgian. Second is perhaps Serge Gainsbourg, though his music is more rock 'n' roll and poppy.
- Trrrilling Rrrs: Rolled her "r"'s when she sang.
- Women Prefer Strong Men: "Mon Légionnaire" about a woman who loves a soldier.