"Horror films don't create fear. They release it."Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939) is an American film director, producer and writer, and is the creator of many iconic and genre-defining horror films. He is probably best known for his creation of Freddy Krueger, the dream-haunting villain introduced in A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984). He also found great success a decade later with the movie Scream (1996), a deconstruction of the slasher sub-genre that launched a slew of late 90's imitation horror films.Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Craven was raised by a Baptist family and was reportedly a target for bullies (including one with the same name as his most famous creation). After leaving home, he gained an education in English Literature, Psychology, and Writing; he then married, and started a family. His marriage ended after five years, and his children left with his ex-wife. He moved to New York, and eventually directed The Last House on the Left, followed five years later by The Hills Have Eyes. The success of these movies made him a seminal name in horror cinema.Additionally, he directed a lot of episodes of The Twilight Zone in the 80's and, quite bizarrely, the biopic Music of the Heart. Craven joked that he went "from violence to violins" in directing a movie about a music educator played by Meryl Streep.His personal website is located here.
Common Tropes in Craven's Work Include: