"A producer is the guy that tells the artist what to do and later makes all the changes, and then, when the cartoon's done, he takes all the credit!"
, The Ren & Stimpy Show
The producer is the 'commander in chief' of a given project. What does that mean? Well...
Quite simply, the producer is/are the person/persons that makes the project "happen". "No producer" equals "no film". They are the financial and creative backbone of a given project — they secure funding (or fund the work themselves), hire key personnel, arrange for distributors, and manage the day-to-day operations of the production (such as writing up shooting schedules, booking off-set filming locations, and keeping the project as a whole within budget and on-schedule).
There are many different varieties of "producer", and each has its own responsibility in the film industry. A consulting producer
will usually be a specialist in a particular field of study, and will assist the writers with technical accuracy. An executive producer
is usually a studio representative, providing the majority of the funding that keeps the project going (and reporting any cost overruns to the studio heads). An assistant producer
is exactly that
. An associate producer
is a title used to cover a variety of duties, such as being liaison when two production companies are involved in a filming.note
Not to be confused with The Producers
What follows is an incomplete list of production houses and individual producers that have had an impact on modern filmmaking:
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"Big Six" Major Film Studios
Indie Production Companies
Non-Asian Animation, Visual Effects and Post-Production Studios
Asian studios outside of Japan and South Korea
South Korean Animation Studios
Major Japanese Animation Anime Studios
The major animation studios in Japan.
- AIC: Mostly known for Tenchi Muyo!, Ah! My Goddess and Bubblegum Crisis.
- Studio BONES: Mostly known for Fullmetal Alchemist, its sequel Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood and Eureka Seven.
- Studio Gainax: Mostly known for their Anime First shows (Though Neon Genesis Evangelion and Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann did have manga that came out around the same time as their shows).
- Studio Ghibli: Hayao Miyazaki's studio.
- GONZO: Mostly known for Welcome to the NHK, G.I. Joe: Sigma 6 and the first season of Strike Witches.
- Kyoto Animation: Established in 1981 as a outsourcing company, the studio is mostly known for Haruhi, Lucky Star and K-On!.
- Madhouse: Mostly known for their works with CLAMP and Satoshi Kon, Death Note, and their Anime First shows.
- Mushi Productions/Tezuka Productions: Mostly known for doing most of Osamu Tezuka's anime adaptations and Frosty the Snowman
- Nippon Animation: Mostly known for The World Masterpiece Theater series, Future Boy Conan and Maya the Bee
- Studio Pierrot: Mostly known for YuYu Hakusho, Naruto and Bleach.
- Production I.G: Founded by Ex-Tatsunoko staff, the studio is mostly known for Ghost in the Shell, Blood: The Last Vampire (and its spinoffs Blood+ and Blood-C) and Eden of the East.
- Production Reed: Formerly known as Ashi Productions, the studio is mostly known for Magical Princess Minky Momo, Macross 7 and the Ruby-Spears Mega Man cartoon.
- Satelight: Mostly known for Fairy Tail (With A-1 Pictures), Genesis of Aquarion and Macross Frontier.
- Studio Shaft: Mostly known for Puella Magi Madoka Magica, Negima!? and Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei.
- Silver Link: Mostly known for Baka to Test to Shoukanjuu and Kokoro Connect.
- Sunrise: Mostly known for Gundam, Cowboy Bebop and InuYasha.
- Studio DEEN: Known largely for their adaptations of Ranma ½, You're Under Arrest! and Axis Powers Hetalia.
- Tatsunoko Production: One of the older Japanese studios; Mostly known for Speed Racer, Science Ninja Team Gatchaman and the whole Time Bokan series.
- TMS Entertainment/Telecom Animation Film: One of the most (if not the most) famous and well-respected studio(s) in Japan, the TMS unit is known for a number of anime productions like Lupin III, Anpanman and Detective Conan, while the Telecom unit is known for having some of the best animation since The Golden Age of Animation (including Tiny Toon Adventures, Batman: The Animated Series, Animaniacs and DuckTales).
- Ufotable: Mostly known for Kara no Kyoukai and Fate/Zero.
Minor Japanese Animation Studios
While not as big as the major animation studios in Japan. These animation studios still mostly do their own productions and tend not to rely on outsourcing from bigger studios.
- A.C.G.T. - Also known as OB Planning, best known for Duel Masters.
- Actas - Best known for Transformers Armada, its sequel Transformers Energon and Girls und Panzer
- Animal Ya/Studio Comet: For Studio Comet, the studio is mostly known for Onegai My Melody, School Rumble and Jewelpet, for Animal-Ya, it's Freakazoid!, Miami Guns and several shows in The Disney Afternoon.
- The Answer Studio - Founded by Motoyoshi Tokunaga after Walt Disney Animation Japan went out of business, the studio is known for Transformers Animated, Batman: Under the Red Hood and the Golgo 13 series.
- APPP - AKA Another Push Pin Planning. Best known for Project A-Ko and Robot Carnival
- Artland - Best known for Ichiban Ushiro no Daimaou and for being one of the studios behind Super Dimension Fortress Macross.
- Bee Train - Once a unit of Production I.G but has split off, best known for their "Girls and Guns" Trilogy (Noir, Madlax and El Cazador de la Bruja)
- Brains Base - Mostly known for Princess Jellyfish and Mawaru-Penguindrum.
- C-Station - Once a unit of Bee Train it has since split off. Mostly focusing on sub-contracting for other studios but is now getting into full animation production.
- Diomedea - formerly known as Studio Barcelona, best known for Squid Girl.
- JCStaff - Mostly known for Slayers and Azumanga Daioh.
- Magic Bus: A studio founded by Satoshi Dezaki (Osamu Dezaki's brother), best known for Legend of Galactic Heroes and Wonder Beat Scramble.
- Manglobe - an offshoot of Sunrise, known for Samurai Champloo, Ergo Proxy and Deadman Wonderland.
- Mook DLE: Best known for Rocket Girls, Transformers Animated and Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island.
- OLM Incorporated - Mostly known for the Pokémon anime.
- P. A. Works: Mostly known for Angel Beats! and Another.
- Polygon Pictures - Known for Transformers Prime and The Sky Crawlers' CG.
- Seven Arcs - Best known for the Lyrical Nanoha franchise and White Album.
- Shin Ei Doga - A spin-off from TMS, the studio is mostly known for Doraemon and Shin Chan.
- Studio 4°C - Was once an art house (Mind Game, Tekkon Kinkreet and Genius Party). But is now known for Green Lantern: Emerald Knights, ThunderCats (2011) special material for Transformers Animated and the Berserk movie trilogy.
- Studio Fantasia - Best known for Agent Aika
- Studio Gallop - Mostly known for Yu-Gi-Oh!, Rurouni Kenshin and Initial D First Stage.
- Studio Gokumi - Best known for Saki Achiga-hen and being formed by former GONZO members.
- Studio Hibari - Mostly known for Mirumo De Pon.
- Studio Khara - Hideaki Anno's studio after he left Gainax.
- Studio Nue - Mostly known for their contributions to the Macross and Dirty Pair franchises.
- Studio Trigger: - A newer studio founded by Ex-Gainax staff; The studio is mostly known for the Project × Zone opening, Inferno Cop and Kill la Kill.
- Synergy SP
- TYO - A Japanese studio with ownership over Tsuburaya Productionsnote , Hal Film Maker and Yumeta Company.
- White Fox - Mostly known for the adaptations of both Stein's Gate and Jormungand.
- Xebec - A unit of Production I.G, the studio is mostly known for Love Hina, the first Mahou Sensei Negima! series and Zoids.
- ZEXCS - Best known for Chrome Shelled Regios.
Supporting Japanese Animation Studios
Animation studios that tend to do mostly do outsourcing for bigger animation studios in Japan. With only a handful of productions, if that.
Defunct/Dormant Animation Studios
Animation studios that are either out of business or out of work.
Asian - Non-South Korean or Japanese:
Defunct or no longer distributing anime
Manga and Comic Book publishing houses
Related to Showbiz
See also Vanity Plate