Shout Out: Literature

This page lists Shout Outs seen in literary works.
Works with their own sub-pages:
  • Older Than Feudalism: The Aeneid (written by Virgil for Caesar Augustus) contained a shout-out to Augustus's recently deceased nephew, where Aeneas is in the underworld and sees a man with a dark cloud around him. His guide goes on with a mournful speech about how Aeneas should weep for the tragic fate of his distant descendant and describes Marcellus's tomb on the Tiber.
  • There's a nice shout out to The Dresden Files in the opening chapter of Benedict Jacka's Fated. "I've even heard of some guy in Chicago who advertises in the phone book under 'Wizard', though that's probably an urban legend."
  • The main character of American Psycho is named Patrick Bateman; a poke at Norman Bates, the antagonist of Psycho.
  • The Yeerks in Animorphs take their name from J. R. R. Tolkien's Sindarin Elvish word for Orcs, yrch.
    • More Tolkien references include Ax's middle name, Esgarrouth, derived from the Middle-Earth town of Esgaroth. In The Unknown, the air force base personnel use the cover identity "Gondor Industries" on their night out at The Gardens.
    • Also many, many more subtle and insignificant ones, such as the six dolphins named after the main characters of Friends in book #4.
    • Generally, Applegate references her favorite things often in the series: Star Trek, the Rolling Stones, the Ford Mustang, Dr. Pepper, et cetera.
    • In The Solution, Rachel has a dream in which she morphs elephant in a crowded mall. She crushes a kid in an orange jacket, prompting someone to say, "Oh, my God! She killed Kenny!"
    • Marco's recommendations for Ax to watch in The Experiment: Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Party of Five, COPS, and South Park.
    • Marco also mentions Buffy the Vampire Slayer to be his favorite show in The Discovery.
  • The Mass Effect novel Ascension is one long shout out. Specifically, it involves a mentally-ill girl with incredible mental powers being rescued from an Academy by a loving family member after being experimented on by a shadowy organization devoted to "improving" mankind, and takes refuge on a ship whose captain's nickname is Mal.
  • A Series of Unfortunate Events:
    • Numerous allusions to literature, history, and mythology, among other things.
    • Why will no-one call me Ish?
  • George RR Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire includes "House Jordayne of the Tor", after a certain other series of fantasy novels published by Tor Books. A character also references an "Archmaester Rigney" who believes that "Time is a Wheel". Robert Jordan's given name was James Rigney.
    • There is also a House Willum with two brothers Elyas and Josua.
    • In A Storm of Swords Jamie, somewhat jarringly, paraphrases Robert Frost: "We have promises to keep, and long leagues before us." Naturally the line comes immediately after them being warned about how dark and deep the woods are.
    • In A Dance with Dragons the Windblown are discussing the Yunkai'i soldier slaves and mention how they would collapse if someone "farted in their general direction".
  • From the Aunt Dimity series:
  • The Baby-Sitters Club contains a plethora of shout-outs to I Love Lucy, including Stacey's last name.
  • The first book of The Bartimaeus Trilogy has Twoflower from Discworld make a subtle and brief cameo in a marketplace for magical items containing demons (Twoflower's camera, or "iconograph", is powered by a tiny demon painting pictures really fast).
    • The second book features two policemen who ask Bartimaeus and his master for their identification. Bartimaeus puts a 'glaze' on the two policemen. They then forget the object of their inquiry and move along.
    • His name is "Mandrake" and he's a "magician."
  • Beastly:
  • In The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath, Esther Greenwood says that she has to read Finnegan's Wake by James Joyce for one of her classes in her senior year of college.
  • Beyond
    • One of Orbis's countries is known as Tinaria. The author's wife's name is Tina. Coincidence! I think not!
  • The short story "The Black Sheep of Vaerlosi" by Desmond Warzel makes reference to a mineral whose unrefined form is too sharp to handle safely. The mineral is called "costnerite"—because it's untouchable.
  • A very subtle Shout-Out exists in David Gerrold's Blood and Fire. While one group of characters is preparing to engage on a dangerous mission, the captain tells them "Let's be careful out there." The protagonist mentally notes that it was a watchword on her previous ship, the Michael Conrad. A shout out to Hill Street Blues and the actor who spoke the line.
  • In The Brothers Karamazov, Fyodor Dostoevsky has several characters quote passages of The Robbers, a play by Friedrich Schiller. There are also a lot of shout outs to the works of M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, Alexander Pushkin, and Voltaire. Naturally, given the book's religious themes, The Bible is quoted very often.
  • Browns Pine Ridge Stories not just only drops a reference to Bonanza, but the outcome of a particular episode involving Ben Cartwright preventing an extrajudicial hanging from taking place is discussed when one of the characters suggests seeking retribution on some careless joyriders.
  • In George Zebrowski's 1998 novel Brute Orbits, there's a description of life on an asteroid-borne penal colony: "You were either a bully, a toady, or one of the nameless rabble of victims."
  • In Tom Kratman's Caliphate, one of the historical works quoted in the series is a fictitious nonfiction work published by Baen Historical Press.
  • The Captain Underpants series of books is set at Jerome Horowitz Elementary School, who was Curly of The Three Stooges.
  • Eric Flint wrote the novella "Carthago Delenda Est" as a sequel to David Drake's Ranks of Bronze, but the space battle scene invokes Uchuu Senkan Yamato:
    Again, there was an exotic combination of old and new technology. The three great turrets of the ancient battleship swiveled, just as if it were still sailing the Pacific. But the guidance mechanisms were state-of-the-art Doge technology. And the incredible laser beams which pulsed out of each turret's three retrofitted barrels were something new to the galaxy.... Only a ship as enormous as the old Missouri could use these lasers. It took an immense hull capacity to hold the magnetic fusion bottles.
  • In John DeChancie's Castle Murders, one of Those Two Guys, Peter Thaxton, solves a magical murder mystery among the castle nobles. In appreciation, the king of the castle grants him a title, which entitles him to be known as Lord Peter.
  • The Roman poet Catullus used the name "Lesbia" as a pseudonym for the illicit lover much of his poetry describes, a clear reference to the Isle of Lesbos, home to the Greek poet Sappho, who may well have been the Trope Maker or Trope Codifier for many of the Romantic love tropes Catullus (and for that matter, much of the Western World) used in his poetry (When he wasn't being Incredibly Explicit, that is, and even sometimes when he was).
  • In John C. Wright's Fugitives of Chaos, when Quentin shows Amelia a book, Amelia says, "I can not read the faerie letters."
  • Chameleon Moon contains multiple Shout Outs to The Wizard of Oz.
  • The SM Stirling novel Conquistador features South African villains with the same names as the South African antagonists of the Harry Turtledove novel Guns of the South. There is also a reference to a landholder named Morrison, like the titular hero of H. Beam Piper's Lord Kalvin of Otherwhen. Morrison's House motto is "Death to Styphon!," a reference to the "Gunpowder God" cult of the Kalvin stories.
  • Countdown:
  • In P. D. James's Death of an Expert Witness, there are several subtle references to the much earlier detective novels of Dorothy L. Sayers, the most prominent being a discussion of whether a man struck on the head could have regained consciousness and locked himself into a building before dying, as in Busman's Honeymoon, and a character's saying "I'd rather make love with the public hangman", as in Murder Must Advertise.
  • Death to the French: In Sharpe's Escape (2004), one of Bernard Cornwell's Richard Sharpe novels (which were partly inspired by Death to the French), a rifleman named Matthew Dodd is separated from Sharpe's company in a skirmish during the Peninsular Campaign in 1810. Word of God is that Cornwell has acknowledged on his Web site that this character is intended to be the same man depicted by Forester in Death to the French.
  • Terry Pratchett loves these. For example, in The Fifth Elephant, Vimes encounters Three Sisters who are straight out of a Chekhov play of the same name. One of them want to tear down their Cherry Orchard (another famous Chekhov play). They give him the gloomy and purposeless trousers of Uncle Vanya (yet a third famous Chekhov play — and "gloomy and purposeless" tends to be Chekhov's style).
    • Discworld has the Ramtop mountain range, named after the system variable RAMTOP from the Sinclair ZX Spectrum computer.
    • In Hogfather, the conversation between HEX and The Bursar is very reminiscent of the various 'chat bots' found all over the internet.
      • More specifically, it resembles the mindlessly-chatty "ELIZA" program, which predates the internet by a few years.
    • There exist a separate wiki and a more organized website dedicated to cataloging Pratchett's shout-outs.
    • In Lords and Ladies, there's one to the song "Lucky Ball and Chain" by They Might Be Giants when Granny Weatherwax and Mustrum Ridcully are discussing how to get away from the unicorn.
    "I was young and foolish then."
    "Well? You're old and foolish now."
    • Moving Pictures references a vast number of movies...and the Cthulhu Mythos.
    • Witches Abroad had numerous references to The Wizard of Oz. (Always applicable to Nanny Ogg: She had red boots, she got a house dropped on her, short people showed up to take the red boots from the witch the house dropped on...)
  • Notable examples in Distortionverse:
  • Doctor Who New Adventures
    Joel: We get all kinds. ETs, mutants, strays, greys, LGMs, BEMs, UNIT deserters, Striebs, dweebs, Stepford Wives, Midwich Cuckoos, missing persons, faraway people, peepers, buzzers, hoppers, hitchers, Leapers, Sliders...
    • Joel also compares his own Ascended Fanboy situation to the guy in the second panel of this What's New? with Phil and Dixie strip.
    • In No Future, set in the 1970s, the Doctor watches part of an episode of Professor X, the in-universe equivalent of Doctor Who; the actor playing the Professor is not explicitly identified, but is clearly Frankie Howerd in the same comic mode as Up Pompeii.
    • First Frontier, being a 1950s SF movie homage, has numerous shout-outs to those movies, including Invasion of the Body Snatchers (the Doctor squares himself with the American authorities by reminding the CIA of the help he gave them with an "illegal alien" problem in Santa Mira in '56), The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951) (including the inevitable Klaatu Barada Nikto), and even The Rocky Horror Picture Show (Doctor Von Scott has a cameo as a scientist brought in to examine UFO wreckage).
    • In the 50th New Adventures novel, Happy Endings by Paul Cornell, there are two Earth Reptile musicians called Jacquilian and Sanki who talk entirely in Palare, and are very much a reptilian Julian and Sandy, including one of yer actual Round the Horne punchlines.
  • Don Quixote: Hundreds upon hundreds of them, although many would be unrecognizable to the modern reader because of "Weird Al" Effect. Chapter I part I mentions Aristotle, philosopher widely regarded as the greatest abstract thinker of Occidental Civilization. Even he has no chance to make sense of the purple prose that plagued Chivalry Books. Also in the Chapter III part II, Don Quixote's opinion about history and poetry reflects the theory exposed in Aristotle's Poetics.
  • Dora Wilk Series is filled up to brim with those:
  • The Dragaera page quote on the Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu? page is an alteration of an earlier quote said by Vlad about the House of Athyra. As their hat is being wizards, the original is likely a Shout-Out to a much-parodied quote from The Lord of the Rings, "Do not meddle in the affairs of Wizards, for they are subtle and quick to anger". This line also gets referenced in Discworld on a couple of occasions. Once, when Vlad is warned that a sorcerous adversary could turn him into a newt, he replies, "I'd get better". Also, the most recent book, Jhegaala has a Shout-Out to Nero Wolfe- Vlad is bedridden and is using his familiar, Loiosh as his "legs". He comments that this could work well as an arrangement, leading Loiosh to comment that Vlad would soon end up several hundred pounds heavier.
    "I'm referring to the strange action of the bodyguards at the assassination attempt."
    "But the bodyguards did nothing at the assassination attempt."
    "That was the strange action."
  • The Dresden Files have a lot of shout-outs, from Thomas being a Buffy fan to a short exchange between two characters about the medical uses of superglue, which one of them saw in "a movie about werewolves". A long but far from exhaustive listing can be found on the main page for the series.
  • In Changer's Moon: What does this bring to mind?
    When she turned back to the Mirror, there were excited voices coming from it, a great green dragon leaped at them, mouth wide, fire whooshing at them, then the dragon went round the curve of the Mirror and vanished—but not before she saw the dark-clad rider perched between the delicate powerful wings. More of the dragons whipped past, all of them ridden, all of them spouting gouts of fire at something Serroi couldn’t see. They were intensely serious about what they were doing, those riders and the beasts they rode, but Serroi couldn’t make out what it was they fought.
  • The Eisenhorn Trilogy (Warhammer 40,000) features a scene where the titular Inquisitor recounts talking with a retired Titan Princeps (commander) named Hekate during one of his travels. Princeps Hekate just happens to be the main character of the Titan series of graphic novels.
  • The Novels of the Change are full of these, encompassing subjects as diverse as Monty Python and Dirty Harry. The Lord of the Rings gets so many shout-outs, even the toilet-humor National Lampoon parody figures heavily into the plot. And even though nobody in the novels has heard of Harry Potter (as only the first book came out before everything went to hell), the resident Wiccans still manage to get in a good laugh about the Sorting Hat.
  • The English Dragon: The opening paragraph of chapter 14 is a pastiche of Orwell's 1984; in this version, Winston Smith's job now involves adding ethnic minorities to old films ("Films without cultural and racial diversity had to be re-cast. It was essential - for harmony and peace - to eradicate truth.")
  • The Stephen King book The Eyes of the Dragon has a minor Shout-Out to HP Lovecraft when the narrator mentions how Flagg's spellbook was bound in human skin, written on the Plains of Leng by the Mad Arab Abdul Alhazred, which is the exact description in most HP Lovecraft stories of his famous Necronomicon.
    • Needful Things also has some shout outs to HP Lovecraft. The antagonist has cocaine which he claims comes from the Plains of Leng and there's some graffiti in a parking garage that reads "Yog-Sothoth rules." Also, his name is Leland Gaunt; Night-Gaunts are a fictional race in Lovecraft's work.
  • Fancy Apartments has a bunch of outtakes at the back, which briefly reference Star Wars, The Lord of the Rings, and Twilight. In the story itself, a reference is made to another one of the author's stories, involving a 'spork of transformation'.
  • The Fault in Our Stars:
    • At one point Augustus muses that it would be awesome to fly in a super-fast jet that could follow the sun. John's admitted to being a fan of Phineas and Ferb and this was the plot of their first special.
    • "Funky Bones" is located at Indianapolis Museum of Art, where Sarah Urist Green, aka The Yeti, is Curator of Contemporary Collections. The author's wife had a major hand in bringing the sculpture to Indy.
    • Hazel and Augustus watch V for Vendetta the first time she goes to his house.
  • In the novel The Fires of Paratime by L. E. Modesitt, Jr. (published in 1982), the Immortals can travel nearly instantaneously in space and time, but they have no native technology and are forced to pilfer it from various technologically-advanced cultures throughout galactic history:
    Frey—Freyda's son by her fourth or fifth contract—was walking around the consoles twirling the light saber. He'd picked that up from some obscure group of galactic-wide do-gooders from near the end of back-time limits.
  • A Galaxy of Fear book has a malignant AI tricking Zak Arranda, and when Zak wants its help it says "I'm afraid I can't do that, Zak."
  • The Game by Diana Wynne Jones makes several shout outs to much of Greek Mythology, Russian mythology, "Hansel and Gretel", The Lord of the Rings, and many other fantasy stories from across the entire genre. She also makes a less obvious reference to the TARDIS from Doctor Who, as the characters use it at one point in the book without naming it. (Nearly every other reference has at least a name you can associate with a book or myth, but the TARDIS shout out has no way to tell unless you know about Doctor Who.)
  • Robert A. Heinlein's Glory Road.
    • The planet Nevia has "horses" with eight legs, a reference to Odin's steed Sleipnir in Norse Mythology.
    • The mnemonic for a Hideous Hangover Cure is "Eye of newt and toe of frog..." from Macbeth.
    • Star mentions a road made of yellow brick and Oscar says "Just don't make a hobbit of it.", referring to The Wizard of Oz and The Hobbit.
    • The Never-Born creature Oscar fights a duel with has a huge nose, is a superb swordsman, likes to sing poetry while fighting, and claims to have written a book, traveled to the Moon and had a house fall on him. Although he never tells Oscar Gordon his name, he's clearly based on the Real Life person Cyrano de Bergerac.
  • In John C. Wright's The Golden Age, The Phoenix Exultant, and The Golden Transcedence, Heinlein's "An armed society is a polite society" is inverted into "An unarmed society is a rude society", and Harrier Sophotect's appearance is clearly modeled on Sherlock Holmes. Characters pose as figures from William Shakespeare's Hamlet, Commedia dell'Arte, and John Milton's Comus — though enough explanation is given in story for them to be understood.
    • In Daphne's dream universe, a major character is a prince named Shining. While apparently she didn't intend it as a Shout-Out, her husband, the protagonist, is named Phaethon — which means "Shining."
  • In the Gone series, most of the place names seen on the map are references to works or TV shows related to the themes of the series, such as Stefano Rey National Park (Stephen King— Under the Dome), the Santa Katrina Hills (K. A. Applegate —Grant's wife), Grant Street (Michael GrantGone), Golding Street (William Golding— Lord of the Flies), and even the town name of Perdido Beach (LOST).
    • The illusion Penny uses on Quinn is the monster from Cloverfield.
    • In the first book, Mary reads the kids The Buffalo Storm, which is a book that K. A. Applegate, Grant's wife, wrote.
  • In Green Smoke by Rosemary Manning, Susan suddenly wonders if you need to be formal when talking to a dragon, remembering a book that said you should address a cat as "O Cat". (When she addresses the dragon as "O Dragon", he corrects her; he's R. Dragon.)
  • Harry Potter:
    • There are a number of shout outs to Monty Python's Flying Circus, such as cockroach clusters.
    • Voldemort's talking down to his minion (a traitor nicknamed Wormtail) is reminiscent of Saruman's abusive treatment of a henchman (a traitor nicknamed Wormtongue) in The Lord of the Rings.
    • The whole thing about Lily's eyes.
    • In the Deathly Hallows Harry and Hermione notice the quotation "Where your treasure is, there will your heart be also" on Dumbledore's mother's tombstone, as well as "The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death" on the Potters' grave.
    • The fact that the visitor's entrance to the Ministry is an old broken telephone booth with the phone that should not work being located in a garbage dump is one to the pilot of Doctor Who, where Ian and Barbara find an old, broken police telephone booth with a phone that should not work in the Foreman garbage dump.
    • Redwall has a line about a rat named Wormtail losing a paw. Possibly coincidental, as the resemblance of a rat's tail to a worm is easy to come up with.
  • Heart Of Steel has a lot of shout-outs peppered throughout:
    • The title itself references and episode of Batman: The Animated Series.
    • Early on, Julia compares Alistair to a villain in a James Bond movie.
    • Several to the Jonathan Coulton song "Skullcrusher Mountain'', which inspired the novel in the first place, including a minion named Scarface and half-pony/half-gorilla chimera offered as a gift.
    • Arthur's interface drone displays a generic smiley face (or frowny face, or neutral face) to express emtoions, similar to GERTY in Film/Moon.
    • One of the robots responds to a request with "By your command," in a reference to Battlestar Galactica (Classic).
  • The Heroes of Olympus series:
    • Jason suggests Leo jump off a building and yell "Flame on!"
    • Iris owns a shop with the acronym R.O.F.L whose workers are called ROFLcopters.
    • Whilst working on the warship that will carry the heroes to Greece, Leo complains about the samophlange.
    • The name "Perry" getting mentioned in the scene with Phineas.
    • Butch, the stable keeper at Camp Half-Blood, is a son of Iris, the Rainbow Goddess. He likes Pegasi. Remind you of anypony?
      • Not only that, but in Son of Neptune, Alcyoneus calls Arion a "little pony".
    • Frank mentions in Mark of Athena that he saw a TV show where they proved that Archimedes Death Ray couldn't have worked.
    • In The Demigod Diaries Leo starts singing the theme song of Psych.
    • While fighting the eidolodons, Leo says "One basketball to rule them all."
    • Bacchus incorrectly refers to Jason Grace as John Green.
    • While steering the Argo II, Coach Hedge starts to sing the Pokémon theme song, except replacing Gotta Catch Them All with Gotta Kill Them All.
  • J. R. R. Tolkien's unfinished novel The Notion Club Papers contains several shout-outs to The Space Trilogy by his friend, C. S. Lewis.
    • C. S. Lewis himself used various names which are alike or very similar to some Middle-earth names. The Space Trilogy main character, Ransom, is also a philologist and the Martian languages bear a certain similarity to Elvish.
    • Tolkien made several self-Shout Outs in his work, arguably, quite apart from the myriad in-universe references to 'older' tales: not expecting his 'ancient histories' of Middle Earth (which often genuinely were written much earlier) to ever be published when he was writing The Lord of the Rings, he occasionally recycled names from his existing mythology into the latter. These would have remained private S.O.s, but for The Silmarillion appearing decades later and highlighting them - as well as throwing up odd inconsistencies such as a name migrating from one race to another (e.g. Denethor, Gothmog; some instances were retconned in supplementary works as in-universe Shout Outs where the later users were said to have taken their names from heroes of old - or of the The Silmarillion character Glorfindel, whose First Age death was retconned via a one-off offscreen miracle to retrospectively make him possibly/probably the same person as the LotR character of the same name.
      • All of LOTR's shout outs to Macbeth, all taken from Act IV, Scene i, when the Witches tell Macbeth their prophecies of his death. First of all, the phrase "Crack of Doom" was coined by William Shakespeare in this scene. The Ents' besiegement of Isengard and the Witch-King's defeat by Éowyn are references to two of the three prophecies—namely, that it will not happen until "Great Birnam Wood...shall come against him" and that "none of woman born shall harm" him. Of course, the trees do come to the castle when Macduff's army uses their branches as camouflage, just as the Ents come to Isengard, and Macbeth is killed by a man who was not born, but removed from his mother's womb, just as the Witch-King, who can be killed by "no living man," is killed by a woman.
      • The ents marching to Isengard is more of a Take That to Shakespeare than a Shout-Out. Tolkien always hated the fact that the wood which came to Dunsinane was just men in disguise, so he wrote a scene with a real marching wood.
  • In Henry Fielding's The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling, Fielding drops in a shout-out to his sister's novel David Simple, which Sophia Western reads in one scene.
  • In The Hollows Rachel practices White Magic but is searching for something more powerful that won't bring her to the wrong side of the "force". She amuses herself with the thought, "You're not my father Darth and I'll never join you!"
  • Surprisingly for such a Grim Dark setting and situation, the Warhammer 40,000 Horus Heresy books are not immune. Nemesis has a psychotic assassin who seems to feel emotions for guns (other than murderous hatred and contempt, that is, he feels that for everyone). When confronted with a cache of shiny weapons, his only response after taking his pick is "...I'll be in my bunk.".
  • House of Leaves has shout outs mostly to the works of French thinker Jacques Derrida. The structure of the novel is reminiscent of Vladimir Nabokov's Pale Fire, and colored text could be a subtle Shout-Out to Nabokov's synesthesia. There are also an unusual number of similarities between the house and the House of Change from Michael Ende's The NeverEnding Story. Jorge Luis Borges, Sylvia Plath, and Franza Kafka are also paid tribute in various, small ways throughout the book.
  • Alastair Reynolds throws a pair of enormous shout-outs to The Book of the New Sun in House of Suns, though it would be a spoiler to explain exactly what they are.
  • Inheritance Cycle:
    • In "Brisingr", Arya doodles something about a lonely god in the sand in reference to "Doctor Who". Paolini mentions this in the afterword. He says he did it because he's a fan of the doctor. "And to those who got the line about the lonely god, all I have to say is that The Doctor can be anywhere at any time, even alternate dimensions. Hey! I'm a fan too!"
      Eragon: "What does it mean?"
      Arya: "I don't know."
    • In "Inheritance" there's another Doctor Who reference. Angela, the herbalist, is knitting a blue hat with runes around the edge. When asked what the runes say, she responds: "Raxacori—Oh, never mind. It wouldn't mean anything to you anyway." There is a planet in Doctor Who called Raxacoricofallapatorius (it's where the Slitheen come from.)
    • Morn (who is himself a Shout-Out/parody).
    • Some people and places are named after people he knows, for example, Angela (his sister), and Palancar Valley (named after the artist who does the cover art).
    • "Barges? We don't want no stinking barges!"
    • The name of the first ever bonded dragon, which is Muad'Dib spelled backwards.
  • In Paul Robinson's Instrument of God, which is a story about an Afterlife run inside a computer system, the dead people who go to orientation are given references to movies about their situation, including The Matrix, Vanilla Sky, Total Recall (1990) and What Dreams May Come. The Preface to the book mentions other stories including Robert A. Heinlein's Elsewhen and Stranger in a Strange Land, as well as The Green Mile. Also, when Supervisor 246 is explaining to a character it might not be a good idea to mention that he's from an Afterlife in another world, she agrees with him, realizing people would think she's crazy. 246 then thinks about the scene where Avery Brooks in Deep Space Nine is trying to convince the men of a mental institution that he's actually a Starbase captain.
  • The Jakub Wędrowycz stories have quite a lot of references, mainly to pop culture: the protagonist Badass Grandpa villager has eaten stew from some octopus-like thing named Ktulu, stole a wand from some snotty bespectacled brat with a lightning on his forehead, and is said to have also eaten some yellow thing that wandered into his yard calling itself "Pikachu". Another example is when he comes across a zeppelin, made from a metal lighter than air - his friend explains that it's an invention of one "professor Geist", a reference to the classic Polish novel The Doll.
  • In the book Jeremy Fink and the Meaning Of Life by Wendy Mass, there seems to be either an accidental Shout-Out or simply a very subtle one, as Life The Universe And Everything are mentioned a few times in that exact phrasing.
  • In the denouement of Matthew Stover's Jericho Moon, Kheperu tells Barra several Blatant Lies about how he'd gotten himself, the MacGuffin, and her back to the city after she was knocked out. Among these obvious whoppers is one where they're scooped up and carried to safety in the nick of time by giant eagles.
  • Journey To Chaos
  • The Kitty Norville series
  • The planet Wunderland, in Larry Niven's Man-Kzin Wars series, has a number of inimical animals native to it. One of these, the more dangerous for its apparent harmlessness and cuddly-toy aspect (until it bites you with venomous fangs and doesn't let go), is called a Beam's Beast. The narrator states that the etymology of the name had been lost to history, but it's a dead ringer (modulo the fangs) for H. Beam Piper's Little Fuzzy.
  • Of all things, the children's book Lamont the Lonely Monster by Dean Walley makes a reference to Dickens: the terrible monster the title character tries to befriend is named Uriah the Heap. Interestingly this is something of an inversion to the character being referenced, as Uriah Heep started out as merely an obsequious, insincere yes-man but becomes an antagonist later in the novel while Uriah the Heap starts out seeming like a scary villain but turns out to have a good heart and be just as lonely and in need of a friend as Lamont.
  • The Last Dragon Chronicles:
  • Too Many Magicians, by Randall Garrett, contains a Shout-Out to the Nero Wolfe novels by Rex Stout. The Marquis of London is clearly modelled after Wolfe, from physical appearance to his refusal to talk business over a meal. His assistant, Lord Bontriomphe, is an even clearer reference to Wolfe's assistant Archie Goodwin. Their chef is named Frederique (Fritz Brenner) and the senior police officer is Chief Master-at-Arms Grayme (Inspector Cramer). The title itself is a reference to three Wolfe novels with the Too Many X format.
    • On the other hand, while the Marquis is as smart as his cousin, Lord Darcy, he's a Brilliant but Lazy government official, not a detective, who when faced with a murder gets his cousin involved. This suggests another influence was Wolfe's alleged uncle, Mycroft Holmes, fitting in with Darcy's similarities to Sherlock.
    • In the same book the symbol of the King's Messengers is a lens of grey glass, which glows in the hand of the right man, created by the great magician Sir Edward Elmer; a Shout-Out to E. E. “Doc” Smith and the Lensman books.
    • And there's a character called Tia Einzig, a defector from the Polish Hegemony whose Uncle Neapeler escaped with the help of a Manxman named Colin MacDavid and is now living on the Isle. "Einzig" is German for "only", so Neapeler Einzig, the uncle from Man, has a name that translates as Napoleon Solo, while MacDavid's name is a simple rearrangement of David McCallum.
    • The same book has this exchange, which is nearly identical to the "dog in the night-time" one from the Sherlock Holmes story "Silver Blaze":
    "I should like to call your attention to the peculiar condition of that knife."
    Master Sean frowned. "But... there was nothing peculiar about the condition of that knife."
    "Precisely. That was the peculiar condition.
    • The Lord Darcy stories have a lot of this stuff. Another is a clear parody of Murder On The Orient Express, in which a Hercule Poirot Expy comes to completely the wrong solution (but the same one Agatha Christie used), while Darcy comes up with the real solution undercover as an unassuming priest named Father Brun.
    • A couple of others feature a secret agent named Sir James le Lien (Lien = contract = Bond).
  • Shaun Tam referenced a few artists in his illustrations for The Lost Thing.
  • The Magician's Nephew:
    • "“In those days Mr. Sherlock Holmes was still living in Baker Street and the Bastables were looking for treasure in the Lewisham Road.”
      • The Russian translation for no discernible reason changes the reference to Bastables to reference to Father Brown from stories by G. K. Chesterton.
    • The trees of silver and of gold have analogs in the works of Lewis' longtime friend J. R. R. Tolkien.
  • In the very first chapter of McClendon's Syndrome by Robert Frezza, there are bars called the Prancing Pony and Callahan's.
  • The Mediochre Q Seth Series has many, most of them intentional in-universe because Mediochre is a bit of a nerd. Of particular note: The university at which Mediochre and Joseph word is St Merlin's ("different Merlin"); the Prime Minister of Mantically Aware Britain is named Kathryn Queen, colloquially called Queen MAB; one of Mediochre's catchphrases is "I love it when a plan comes together"; Joseph responds to the tempomancer's insistence that "Time is relative" with "Lunchtime doubly so?"; and in a particularly impressive one, Mediochre mentions while captured that the chances of escape are roughly equal to the odds of Kitty Pride being a real person - which seems like he's admitting defeat unless you happen to know that the character of Kitty Pride was named after a (still living) artist from Real Life, thus making her odds of being real 100% certain.
  • In Forests of the Night by S. Andrew Swann, the protagonist visits a bar owned by a biologically-uplifted rabbit. The name of the bar? Watership Down. The bar also contains a framed picture of what are obviously Bugs Bunny and Elmer Fudd. The elderly lion who lives downstairs from Angel in Specters of the Dawn has a Daffy Duck blanket, and is seen watching Looney Tunes.
  • Mortal Engines has far too many shoutouts to name, a few of which are described on its page.
  • The Mortal Instruments:
    • The Herondales are a Shadowhunter family with a birthmark of a star. Jace's is on the back of his shoulder. Now, where have I heard of that before?
    • Val and Luis from Holly Black's Valiant are seen at one point.
    • A badge on Clary's bag says 'Still Not King', a reference to Clare's famous The Lord of the Rings fanfic The Very Secret Diaries.
    • Best of all, two extra characters have a debate on which fictional gay wizard would win in a fair fight, Dumbledore, or Magnus.
    • A reference to Hellsing is made when Clary thinks about how a church looks like "one of her favorite anime scenes involving a vampire priest".
    • Max is frequently seen reading Naruto.
    • In City of Glass, Max is also seen reading Angel Sanctuary, a manga about a reincarnated angel who is in a romantic relationship with his sister. It has a case of Does This Remind You of Anything as well as bringing to question why a nine year old with fairly strict parents would be reading it. But then again, his parents have quite a lot of marital issues. So his reading choices likely passed largely unnoticed. Besides, they probably thought that that something called Angel Sanctuary would be clean and proper.
    • Happens often with animanga, given that Simon is characterized as a typical Geek. At one point Clary asks him if he wants to spend the evening with her watching Trigun.
    • Simon is described in the fourth book as wearing Jeph Jacques's "Clearly I Have Made Some Bad Decisions" shirt, and Cassandra Clare also mentions his in-universe series "Magical Love Gentlemen".
    • Church (the Persian cat from the New York Institute) shares his name with another famous cat.
  • In Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose, William of Baskerville talks about his good friend William of Ockham. Whereas the "of Baskerville" suggests a connection to another asexual detective of analytical mind.
  • Name Of The Wind has a brief, blink-and-you'll-miss-it reference to Firefly when the main character travels to the "Eavesdown Docks". Patrick Rothfuss, the author of NOTW, is an acknowledged fan of Joss Whedon.
    • He included another blink-and-you'll-miss-it Firefly Reference in The Wise Man's Fear when a possibly-gay (actually bisexual) character is referred to as "Sly".
  • The Warhammer 40,000 novel Night Lords has a fairly subtle shout out, but one that appeared to please the author when told it was noticed. A depleted squad of Chaos Space Marines take note of the missing seats in their transport, causing one to comment "This isn't a squad, this is bad comedy".
  • In Dean Koontz's Odd Thomas novels, Odd says of his abilities, "I See Dead People," in a knowing nod to The Sixth Sense, adding, "but then, by God, I do something."
  • T. S. Eliot's Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats
    • "Macavity, the Mystery Cat" is an extended Shout-Out to Professor Moriarty.
      He sways his head from side to side\\With movements like a snake\\And when you think he's half asleep,\\He's always wide awake.
    • A more blink-and-you-miss it one in "Blustopher Jones, the Cat About Town"; the list of Smoky Gentlemens Clubs where Blustopher takes his meals includes Drones, which he shares with Bertie Wooster.
  • In John Barnes's One for the Morning Glory:
  • Tom Holt's Only Human features something of a Terry Pratchett Shout-Out, in which a man sentenced to Ironic Hell for complaining to authors that their new stuff wasn't as good as their old stuff...was forced to read the same book over and over again for the rest of eternity. His final line was that he'd just gotten up to the part where "the tourist has just met the wizard".
  • 6th grader Dwight Tharp of the Origami Yoda series randomly shouts "Tycho Brahe has a wax nose!" to his peers, a reference to how the late astronomer Tycho Brahe lost part of his nose in a duel and had to get it replaced. Naturally, since his peers are also 6th-graders, they have no idea what he's talking about. note 
  • Pale Fire by Vladimir Nabokov has a Shout-Out for all comers. The eponymous poem's third canto has a Shout-Out to The Brothers Karamazov. The commentary to one of the lines mentions how a Hurricane Lolita has recently passed over New Wye. Charles Kinbote proposes calling the poem Solus Rex, a reference to one of Nabokov's short stories. There's a minor character named Pnin, which is also the name of one of Nabokov's other novels. Various authors and poets are mentioned, discussed, discarded at length by one of the novel's Unreliable Narrators.
  • Penryn and the End of Days:
    • Laylah's eyes are describes as “Aryan”. This, combined with what she does, evokes images of Mengele.
    • Penryn's strong bond to her sister is possibly a Shout Out to The Hunger Games's Katniss and Primrose Everdeen.
    • Obi's spymasters Dee-Dum look, act, and talk in a manner comparable to the Weasley twins. Their name is of course a Shout Out to Alice in Wonderland.
  • Percy Jackson and the Olympians: Too many shout outs to Greek Mythology to list. The author really has Shown Their Work
  • In Peter Pan Captain Hook says he's "the only man whom Barbecue feared, and Flint himself feared Barbecue". Flint and Barbecue (better known as Long John Silver) are the leaders of the pirates in Treasure Island.
  • Various ponyfication of artists in Pinkie Pie and the Rockin' Ponypalooza Party: Nine Inch Tails, Switchhoof, Neigh-Z, Coldhay, the Whooves and John Mare.
  • Zee Rose's The Princess 99 makes several shout outs, usually through Skye who is probably from our world though Professeur Sweet does make a Harry Potter shout out: "Unlike in the Non stories, besoms are not for riding. I repeat: do not try to ride a besom. I cannot tell you how many students have wound up with broken legs and arms because of this mistake."
  • A trilogy of Warhammer 40,000 novels are entitled Ravenor, Ravenor Returned and Ravenor Rogue; a rather highbrow nod to John Updike's equally alliterative "Rabbit" series (Rabbit, Run, Rabbit Redux, Rabbit is Rich, Rabbit at Rest and Rabbit Remembered).
  • The Reynard Cycle :
  • In the Rihannsu novel The Empty Chair Gurrhim tr'Siedhri comments that it will be better for the rebellion if he remains Legally Dead for the moment because his heirs will maintain control of his considerable wealth and corporate resources, which can then be used to help the Free Rihannsu. Leonard McCoy then makes a snide remark about Gurri staying dead for tax purposes.
  • The protagonist of David Weber's Safehold series is named Nimue. When she has to get a sex change in order to fit into the patriarchal society of Safehold, she takes the name Merlin. Later, Merlin gives Prince Cayleb a sword that is made of advanced materials, which he names "Excalibur".
  • In the short story "Same-Day Delivery" by Desmond Warzel, the phrase "blue bolts from the heavens" appears twice; this is a direct Shout-Out to first-edition Advanced Dungeons & Dragons; specifically, the Dungeon Master's Guide.
  • Saturn's Children by Charles Stross, in addition to numerous Shout Outs to Robert A. Heinlein, has a MacGuffin disguised as a statue of a black bird and an organisation of robot butlers who are all called Jeeves one of whom has taken the name "Reginald"; Jeeves's first name in the books. Also, there's a colony ship called Bark for no apparent reason, which could be a mistransliteration of B-Ark.
  • In Richard Peck's novel Secrets at Sea, one character mentions an ancestor in passing named Katinka Van Tassel, which is the name of the young woman Ichabod Crane loves in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" by Washington Irving.
  • Fyre, the last Septimus Heap book, contains at least contains two:
    • One is to the Harry Potter series, with an Ordinary Wizard named Bertie Bott being among the deceased.
    • Another is made by Hotep-Ra, referencing the Famous Last Words of Captain Oats, one of the men on Scott's Antarctic expedition.
      Hotep-Ra got out of his chair and said to his Apprentice, Talmar Ray Bell, "I am just going outside. I may be some time."
      Talmar looked horrified. "Don't say that!"
      Hotep-Ra smiled at his Apprentice. "Why ever not?"
      "It's bad luck," she said. "Someone said it once and never came back."
      "I'll be back," said Hotep-Ra.
      "Someone said
      that once too."
  • In Shaman of the Undead, Tekla once had a student called Alice, who went on the other side of the mirror and never came back. She even lapshaded it, saying that with name like this, she's destined to become mirror-walker.
  • In Sharpe's Tiger, Sharpe briefly sees (and is warned not to steal) the Moonstone from, well, The Moonstone.
  • In the Sinister Six Trilogy, the Gentleman visits The Machiavelli Club, a special society for the Wicked Cultured. His table has on it a welcome back card from an "elegant lady thief of his acquaintance, Carmen." Other members of the Machiavelli Club (setting aside established Marvel Comics villains; they're Continuity Nods) include Hannibal, Auric, the Gruber brothers, Lex, Herr Taubmann, Ra's, Soze, Napier, Randolph and Mortimer Duke, Mr Glass, and Ernst. The Gentleman has also worked with Casper Gutman.
  • Peter David's Sir Apropos of Nothing contains a shout-out to The Last Unicorn by Peter S. Beagle. When Apropos and Princess Entipy encounter a herd of unicorns, Entipy cautions Apropos, "You must never run from anything immortal, it attracts their attention." This is word for word what the Unicorn told Schmendrick to discourage him from running from a harpy.
  • Gordon Korman's Son of the Mob and it's sequel, Hollywood Hustle, contain several references to Monty Python:
    • In the first book, when Vince's date opens the trunk of his car and finds Jimmy the Rat unconscious and bleeding (Vince is, after all, the titular mob prince), the only response the horrified Vince can think of is "a line from that old parrot sketch from Monty Python": "He's not dead, he's resting."
    • In the second book, Vince mentions that a girl named Willow could "turn on a guy in a hovercraft full of eels and can recite Monty Python and the Holy Grail in its entirety from memory.
  • The Sookie Stackhouse Mysteries have a Shout-Out to Anne Rice; her books are actually books one can buy and read in The Verse the series takes place in, and is why vampires are considered somewhat chic. There's also a shout out to Ann Landers.
    • The short story "Bacon" from the anthology Strange Brew contains one for The Dresden Files:
      "Actually, a girl can't make a living at full-time sorcery anymore," Kathy [a witch] said with a brave smile. "Not with so many of the supernaturals trying to do things the official, human way. The only sorcerer who's gone public is in Chicago, and I hear he's struggling."
  • Special Circumstances:
  • Dozens in Michael Flynn's Spiral Arm series. Including
  • Star Carrier: Deep Space introduces an Earthlike planet orbiting 40 Eridani A, which In-Universe was dubbed "Vulcan" after the planet in Star Trek. For the uninitiated, while no canon Star Trek work has ever flat-out stated that Vulcan orbits 40 Eridani A, that is the Word of God from Gene Roddenberry and near-universal in the Star Trek Expanded Universe, and is supported by mentions of Vulcan's distance from Earth in two Star Trek: Enterprise episodes.
  • Star Trek Novel Verse:
    • In the Star Trek Alternate Universe novella Seeds of Dissent by James Swallow, the deceased members of the Botany Bay crew are all named after Doctor Who companions.
    • In the first four books of Peter David's Star Trek New Frontier series, he's able to sneak in the first and/or last names of all the actors who played the main characters of his TV Series Space Cases.
      • Later, he gives a more thorough one to Jewel Staite by putting a "Catalina City" on a moon of Saturn.
    • In the Star Trek: Enterprise novel The Romulan War: To Brave the Storm, the character of Trip at one point calls himself "Michael Kenmore" which is a Shout-Out to Stargate Atlantis, where the actor for Trip, Connor Trineer, played Michael Kenmore, the rogue Wraith turned human.
    • The Novelization of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan contains an extended in-universe Shout-Out to Lewis Carroll, as two of the scientists on the Genesis Project discuss the discovery of the sub-elementary particles they named "snarks" and "boojums". Just as quarks come in different "flavours" with odd names like "strange" and "charm", snarks and boojums are sorted by "five unmistakable marks" which the scientists call "taste", "tardiness", "humor", "cleanliness" and "ambition" ... all straight from Fit the Second of the nonsense poem. (The scientists names, incidentally, are Madison and March.)
  • In one of the Star Wars Expanded Universe novels, Han Solo points out "It's not the years, it's the parsecs." Not quite an Actor Allusion to Indiana Jones, because it's a book and Harrison Ford can't say the line himself, but close.
    • And in the Star Wars novels, Han, and later Corran Horn, have used the fake identity "Jenos Idanian", an anagram of Indiana Jones.
    • Death Star has a conman who's managed to sneak on board the Death Star setting up a fake ID under the name of Teh Roxxor.
  • In Swords of Exodus, the sequel to Dead Six, the commanding officer for Mike Valentine when the latter was in the US Air Force, was Colonel Christopher Blair, the Player Character from the Wing Commander game series.
  • Mercedes Lackey pulls off a clever one in her book The Fairy Godmother. Her protagonist Elena goes to a Hiring Faire, and is the second-to-last person hired. The last person in the square, when she leaves? Mort.
    • In Home from the Sea, also by Mercedes Lackey, characters Nan and Sarah mention that they were helped out in Egypt by a woman who was called Sitt Hakim by the native people. That plus the rest of her description puts her as Amelia Peabody.
  • The Theirs Not To Reason Why series is full of these:
  • The Thirteenth Tale contains shout-outs to Jane Eyre, Wuthering Heights, and Rebecca.
  • In the BIONICLE book Time Trap, the Shadowed One responds to the notion of cutting off hands as punishment for failure with the line "I think enough hands have been removed this year", a reference to Star Wars's fondness of having its characters lose their hands, and specifically to the movie Revenge of the Sith, which came out the same year as the book.
  • The children's picture book The Tobermory Cat by Debi Gliori includes a picture of Tobermory bookshop in which all the books in the window are other picture books about cats, including Goodbye Mog by Judith Kerr and Fred by Posey Simmonds.
  • Every book in the Tough Magic trilogy has an outtake section in the back where shout-outs abound, including ones to Star Wars, Dragon Ball, Looney Tunes, Finding Nemo, The Wizard of Oz, Harry Potter...
  • The Truth of Rock and Roll has a shout out to Streets of Fire: "(she) was made for another time and another place..."
  • Sophie Bell of The Ultra Violets is extremely fond of these, to the point where many of them actually predate the target audience. (Middle-school students, 9-12, for those curious.)
  • Unda Vosari has a short page of shout outs to various other works.
  • The climax of Robert Frezza's novel The VMR Theory contains a string of Shout Outs. Among them:
  • The entire book, The Vagina Ass Of Lucifer Niggerbastard, is a shout-out to Virgil's The Aeneid.
  • Simon Illyan from Lois McMaster Bujold's Vorkosigan Saga got his name from Illya Kuryakin.
  • Cryoburn has two: Miles thinks to himself "Imperial Auditor Vorkosigan; Threat or Menace" (in Spider-Man, J.J.J.'s paper, The Daily Bugle often ran headlines "Spider-Man: Threat or Menace?"). And Armsman Roic quips to a local "Don't worry, I have a license to stun." The local responds "I thought that has a license to kill?" Both, of course refer to James Bond's 00 "License to Kill".
  • Malik's admission that he's a fan of both Sherlock Holmes and Spider-Man in Wandering Djinn.
  • The authors of Warrior Cats have admitted to sneaking in quotes from Rambo. Also, the second arc was original going to be named The Next Generation, after Star Trek. The magazine "Cat Fancy" appears in a panel in one of the mangas, and "Here Comes the Sun" is the name of a chapter in a Dungeons & Dragons-style game in the back of the books.
  • Sideways Arithmetic From Wayside School, Wayside's think outside the box puzzle book, features in the first chapter a series of prototype algebra problems where numbers are substituted with letters. The first such problem is ELF + TOOK = FOOL.
  • Welkin Weasels runs entirely on Shouting Out to various famous literature, movies, and historical events, often with an Incredibly Lame Pun or two mixed in. (See the reference to Treasure of the Sierra Madre and/or Blazing Saddles as the Talking Animal marmot sheriff faces off with an outlaw: "Badgers? We don't need no stinkin' badgers!")
  • The Wild Cards series has the Indio-Irish Elephant Girl, whose real name is Rhada O'Reilly (c.f. Radar O'Reilly in M*A*S*H).
  • A Wolf In The Soul has several:
    • Main character and werewolf Greg is named after Gregor Samsa.
    • Two street names mentioned offhandedly are named Voorhees and Lois Lane.
    • Greg's therapist, who really does more mystery unraveling than psychoanalyzing, is named Holmes.
  • In Wolves of the Calla, book 5 of Stephen King's The Dark Tower series, there is a manufacturing plate on a round, flying weapon which reads: "SNEETCH HARRY POTTER MODEL. Serial # 465-11-AA HPJKR. CAUTION EXPLOSIVE" JKR, of course, refers to J. K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter series of books; the name "SNEETCH" refers to the Golden Snitch, one of the "balls" required to play Quidditch, which is similarly small, round, flying, and dangerous. "SNEETCH" may also be a reference to the Dr. Seuss book The Sneetches. The Dark Tower is full of things like this, up to and including a green city that can only be entered if you have red shoes.
    • Also a Potter reference, in one of the books is a helping robot, called a "house elf", which is named Dobby, IIRC.
    • The city that Blaine is in constantly plays a series of drums which Eddie mentions sounds suspiciously like a ZZ Top song.
      • EVERY Steven King book EVER has a long list of obscure to vague shout outs to his sixty other 900-page books.
  • As is probably to be expected from a series about a consciousness forming and awaking in the Internet, the WWW Trilogy is chock full of references to past films and novels that have dealt with the concept of AI, mostly in the form of title-dropping.
  • Kim Stanley Robinson's The Years of Rice and Salt: The first chapter is written in a style that imitates Journey to the West and the last chapter has a shout out to Candide.
  • In High Wizardry, a man apparently fitting the description of the fifth Doctor saves Dairine from the servants of the Lone Power chasing her.
  • HP Lovecraft was ridiculously fond of shouting out to his other works to the point where most of the time it didn't really make any sense. The names just happened to be the same. Also, he and his circle of author friends absolutely loved shouting out at each other and shared several eldritch deities.
    • The founder of the Pickman foundation is presumably NOT the Pickman of "Pickman's Model". Lovecraft's stories tend to take place in the same small part of New England, and often concern the same kind of ladies and gentlemen from old, old families (so they can have old, old secrets). Hence, the same surnames turning up again and again is actually fairly realistic: the oldest families have a fair number of members by now, and they are fairly important to local history as well.
  • John Ringo tends to throw tons of shout outs to various things his works, including but not limited to:
  • Kim Newman loves them even more than Pratchett. The Anno Dracula series is an extended Shout-Out to every work of fiction involving vampires, ever, and any other work of fiction he likes as well.
  • A recurring character in Robert Rankin's books is the "psychic youth and masturbator" Danbury Collins. This is based on Andy Collins, author of dubious New Age work The Knights of Danbury and a rival of Robert's.

Alternative Title(s):

Shout Out Literature