Creator: Gabriel García Márquez
Gabriel García Márquez. The name that is synonymous with Magic Realism. Born in Colombia, the man has been on the writing scene for a very long time and produced a solid body of work. In 1982, he gained the Nobel Prize in Literature. His book One Hundred Years of Solitude has become the definitive work of Magic Realism and is required reading in schools, not to mention his most famous book.His books deal with themes like solitude, eternal cycles, Banana Republics, political disputes and civil wars, themes present in his life and the life of his country with distressful frequence.He has also immersed himself into the cinema, helping directors to turn some of his books into films.Nowadays, García Márquez's fame has become a little awkward to Latin American writers, since it has generated the impression that all the literature of the zone is about angels, jungles and countryside. As a countermovement, the McOndo literary movement has been created by writers trying to present a more actualized Latin America. He’s still respected by those writers as a good writer, however.On the 7th of July, 2012, Márquez's brother revealed that he is suffering from senile dementia and given up writing for good. He later passed away on April 17, 2014, at the age of 87.
- Leaf Storm (1955)
- No One Writes to the Colonel (1961)
- In Evil Hour (1962)
- One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967)
- The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975)
- Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1981)
- Love In The Time Of Cholera (1985)
- The General in His Labyrinth (1989)
- Of Love and Other Demons (1995)
- Memories of My Melancholy Whores (2004)
Short Story Collections
- Eyes of a Blue Dog (1947)
- Big Mama's Funeral (1962)
- The Incredible and Sad Tale of Innocent Erendira and Her Heartless Grandmother (1978)
- Collected Stories (1984)
- Strange Pilgrims (1993)
- The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor (1970)
- The Solitude of Latin America (1982)
- The Fragrance of Guava (1982, with Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza)
- Clandestine in Chile (1986)
- News of a Kidnapping (1996)
- A Country for Children (1998)
- Living to Tell the Tale (2002), his autobiography
García Márquez’s works contain examples of:
- Anachronic Order
- Banana Republic: The setting of almost all his books.
- Battle Butler: José Palacios in The General in his Labyrinth.
- Civil War
- Double Standard: Usually lampshaded.
- Eternal Recurrence: A central theme in a lot of stories is the fact that some things are bound to repeat themselves over and over again.
- The Generalissimo: An important character is most of his books. Actually, in some of them (The Autumn of the Patriarch, The General in his Labyrinth) he's the main character.
- Generation Xerox
- Historical-Domain Character: Most of the main characters in The General in his Labyrinth, especially Simón Bolívar.
- Historical Fiction Literature: Many of his books make implicit or explicit allusions to "La Violencia", a period of civil conflict in Colombia. Similarly, some of the books refer to the Thousand Days War (like One Hundred Years of Solitude or Memories of My Melancholy Whores). The General in his Labyrinth deals with the last days of Bolívar.
- Honor Before Reason
- Honor-Related Abuse
- Lonely at the Top
- Magic Realism: One of the Trope Makers, definitely Trope Codifier.
- Mind Screw
- Old Shame: His 1983 article in a Spanish newspaper erroneously portraying Gurkha soldiers as rape-happy, prisoner-killing psychopaths during the Falklands War.
- Roman à Clef
- Small Reference Pools: When people are asked to name a Latin American writer, García Márquez is one of the few names that come up.
- Turn Out Like His Father