Gabriel García Márquez. The name that is synonymous with Magic Realism
. Born in Colombia, the man has been on the writing scene for a very long time and produced a solid body of work. In 1982, he gained the Nobel Prize in Literature
. His book One Hundred Years of Solitude
has become the
definitive work of Magic Realism and is required reading in schools, not to mention his most famous book.
His books deal with themes like solitude, eternal cycles, Banana Republics
, political disputes and civil wars, themes present in his life and the life of his country with distressful frequence.
He has also immersed himself into the cinema, helping directors to turn some of his books into films.
Nowadays, García Márquez's fame has become a little awkward to Latin American writers
, since it has generated the impression that all the literature of the zone is about angels, jungles and countryside. As a countermovement, the McOndo literary movement
has been created by writers trying to present a more actualized Latin America. He’s still respected by those writers as a good writer, however.
On the 7th of July, 2012, Márquez's brother revealed that he is suffering from senile dementia
and given up writing for good
. He later passed away on April 17, 2014, at the age of 87.
Short Story Collections
- Eyes of a Blue Dog (1947)
- Big Mama's Funeral (1962)
- The Incredible and Sad Tale of Innocent Erendira and Her Heartless Grandmother (1978)
- Collected Stories (1984)
- Strange Pilgrims (1993)
- The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor (1970)
- The Solitude of Latin America (1982)
- The Fragrance of Guava (1982, with Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza)
- Clandestine in Chile (1986)
- News of a Kidnapping (1996)
- A Country for Children (1998)
- Living to Tell the Tale (2002), his autobiography
García Márquez’s works contain examples of: