Creator / Gabriel García Márquez
Gabriel García Márquez. The name that is synonymous with Magic Realism
. Born in Colombia in 1927, the man has been on the writing scene for a very long time and produced a solid body of work. In 1982, he gained the Nobel Prize in Literature
. His book One Hundred Years of Solitude
has become the
definitive work of Magic Realism and is required reading in schools, not to mention his most famous book.
His books deal with themes like solitude, eternal cycles, Banana Republics
, political disputes and civil wars, themes present in his life and the life of his country with distressful frequence.
He has also immersed himself into the cinema, helping directors to turn some of his books into films
Nowadays, García Márquez's fame has become a little awkward to Latin American writers
, since it has generated the impression that all the literature of the zone is about angels, jungles and countryside. As a countermovement, the McOndo literary movement
has been created by writers trying to present a more actualized Latin America. He’s still respected by those writers as a good writer, however.
On the 7th of July, 2012, Márquez's brother revealed that he was suffering from senile dementia
and had given up writing for good
. He passed away on April 17, 2014, at the age of 87.
Short Story Collections
- Eyes of a Blue Dog (1947)
- Big Mama's Funeral (1962)
- The Incredible and Sad Tale of Innocent Erendira and Her Heartless Grandmother (1978)
- Collected Stories (1984)
- Strange Pilgrims (1993)
- The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor (1970)
- The Solitude of Latin America (1982)
- The Fragrance of Guava (1982, with Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza)
- Clandestine in Chile (1986)
- News of a Kidnapping (1996)
- A Country for Children (1998)
- Living to Tell the Tale (2002), his autobiography
García Márquez’s works contain examples of:
- Historical-Domain Character: Most of the main characters in The General in his Labyrinth, especially Simón Bolívar.
- Historical Fiction Literature: Many of his books make implicit or explicit allusions to "La Violencia", a period of civil conflict in Colombia. Similarly, some of the books refer to the Thousand Days War (like One Hundred Years of Solitude or Memories of My Melancholy Whores). The General in his Labyrinth deals with the last days of Bolívar.
- Robinsonade: His novel The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor is a non-fiction novel about one, in which a sailor called Luis Alejandro Velasco survives a broken ship and manages to return to his mainland in ten days, having survived the lack of food and water.
- Small Reference Pools: When people are asked to name a Latin American writer, García Márquez is one of the few names that come up.