Literature: The Hunting of the Snark
They sought it with thimbles, they sought it with care;
They pursued it with forks and hope;
They threatened its life with a railway-share;
They charmed it with smiles and soap.
"The Hunting of the Snark (An Agony in 8 Fits)" is a Narrative Poem
by Lewis Carroll
, telling the story of a group of unnamed
adventurers as they search for the elusive Snark, a vaguely-described creature which lives on a remote island.
The poem may be considered a Spiritual Successor
" from Through the Looking-Glass
, and contains several of the same creatures that are mentioned in "Jabberwocky".
Worth noting is how the poem was constructed - the last line was the first line that Carroll thought of. The rest of the poem was made to build up to it.Douglas Adams
gave a Shout-Out
to the poem in the original radio version of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
by titling the episodes "Fit the First" etc.
You can read it on Wikisource.
This poem provides examples of:
- Arc Number: 42 has significance at several points.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: One illustration portrays the crew with two goddesses, who are supposed to represent Hope and Care.
- Author Avatar: According to Martin Gardner's The Annotated "Hunting of the Snark", the Baker is an avatar of Carroll himself. One early line is "A dear uncle of mine, after whom I was named..."; Carroll's full name was Charles Luttwidge Dodgson, and he had an uncle whose first name was Luttwidge.
- Bit Character: The Billiard Marker and Bonnet Maker really don't do much during the whole story. One member of the crew, the Boots, could well be The Ghost; he's mentioned once, but doesn't even appear in any illustrations.
- Downer Ending: So much so that the first edition included a pamphlet about the meaning of Easter, to serve as a counterpoint.
- Eldritch Abomination:
- The Bandersnatch. We don't get much of a description, but it is stated to be wickedly fast, has snapping, sharp-toothed jaws and is capable of extending its neck. Its Eldritch Abomination status is proven by the effect it has on the Banker; merely being in its presence is enough to drive the poor banker insane.
- The Snark itself, which, if a Boojum, is capable of completely erasing people from existence.
- Everyone Calls Him Barkeep: Most of the characters.
- Feathered Fiend: The Jub-Jub Bird. It's described as having a "shrill and high scream" like a pencil squeaking on a slate, and significantly scares those who hear it, including the Beaver who "turned pale to the tip of its tail" and being desperate and in a constant state of passion. It remembers every friend it's ever met and always refuses a bribe. There are also some Snarks that "have feathers and bite".
- Fire-Forged Friends: The Butcher and the Beaver initially don't get on, but their encounter with the fearsome Jub-Jub leads to them becoming close friends for life.
- For Doom the Bell Tolls: As well as several mentions in the text, it's notable that the Bellman's bell is in almost every single illustration.
- Go Mad from the Revelation: The Banker loses his sanity after being attacked by a Bandersnatch.
- Hey, You!: Played with, due to the Baker having forgotten his own name:
He would answer to "Hi!" or to any loud cry,
Such as "Fry me!" or "Fritter my wig!"
To "What-you-may-call-um!" or "What-was-his-name!"
But especially "Thing-um-a-jig!"
- This also leads to an I Have Many Names:
His intimate friends called him "Candle-ends,"
And his enemies "Toasted-cheese."
- Lame Pun Reaction: The Bellman has this:
The Bellman perceived that their spirits were low,
And repeated in musical tone
Some jokes he had kept for a season of woeŚ
But the crew would do nothing but groan.
- Also, snarks look grave at them.
- The Musical: One was made of it in The Eighties.
- No Body Left Behind: What happens to you if you find out that the Snark you're hunting was a Boojum. This is the eventual fate of the Baker.
- No Sense of Humor: Snarks have a hard time understanding jokes, as the Bellman explains:
The third is its slowness in taking a jest.
Should you happen to venture on one,
It will sigh like a thing that is deeply distressed:
And it always looks grave at a pun.
- Ragtag Bunch of Misfits
- Rule of Three:
"Just the place for a Snark!" the Bellman cried,
As he landed his crew with care;
Supporting each man on the top of the tide
By a finger entwined in his hair.
"Just the place for a Snark! I have said it twice:
That alone should encourage the crew.
Just the place for a Snark! I have said it thrice:
What I tell you three times is true."
- Tastes Like Purple:
"Let us take them in order. The first is the taste,
Which is meagre and hollow, but crisp:
Like a coat that is rather too tight in the waist,
With a flavour of Will-o'-the-wisp.
- Theme Initials: Everyone's appellation starts with a B.
- World of Chaos
For the Snark was a Boojum, you see.