Archetypical 1950sDom Com, slightly unusual in that it focused on the youngest member of the Cleaver family, 8-year-old (at the start) Theodore "Beaver" Cleaver. He had an older brother, the Junior High-aged Wally. Parents Ward and June rounded out the family group. The series debuted on CBS in 1957, then after one season it channel hopped to ABC, where it ran until 1963. The Film of the Series was released in 1997 that was somewhat of a present day look at the Cleaver clan, but with more of an Affectionate Parody vibe.Probably the third-most famous sitcom of The Fifties, behind I Love Lucy and The Honeymooners. Along with Father Knows Best, it is always invoked when looking back on 1950s culture and family life, whether as a matter of nostalgia, pop culture history, lighthearted parody, or scathing satire. People always seem to dwell on the tract housing with white picket fences, or the fact that June Cleaver always wore pearls and high heels, even when doing the most menial tasks.The Beaver was played by Jerry Mathers in the series, and by Cameron Finley in the film. Wally was played by Tony Dow in the series, and by Erik von Detten in the film. Ward was played by Hugh Beaumont in the series, and by Christopher McDonald in the film. June was played by Barbara Billingsley in the series, and by Janine Turner in the film.
This show provides examples of:
Aesop Amnesia: An archetypical example of a main child character (especially Beaver) forgetting his lesson by the next episode. This trait was spoofed in a TVLand promo for reruns of the series; the lesson would "enter one ear," float around without making contact with the brain, and "go out the other ear."
Big Brother Is Watching: In a sense, he was in the 1962 episode "Lumpy's Car Trouble," where Wally breaks the rules for borrowing Ward's car for a track meet, by allowing its driver (Lumpy) to take a "shortcut" on the way home. The car's exhaust system was damaged, forcing the boys to push the disabled car along the highway to a nearby garage. Wally and Beaver (along with Lumpy and Eddie) hope the damage won't be noticed, but Ward finds out anyhow: a co-worker of his had seen the boys push the car and (unwittingly) ratted them out. That evening at home, Ward takes his sons aside and tells him he's aware of what happened, and declares the car off limits "for awhile." The trope goes into effect when Wally asks his father who saw them; Ward refuses to reveal his source ... reasoning that — because someone might be watching them — the boys will always have to be on their best behavior.
Chick Magnet: Wally is pretty laid back about girls, but they aren't laid back about him.
Chronic Back Stabbing Disorder: Gilbert. In many episodes, he pressures Beaver into doing something that he knows is either wrong, dangerous or stupid, and sometimes would say that he would do it as well. Then, when Beaver caves and gets into trouble, Gilbert would make fun of him, and yet still claim to be his 'best friend'. If it were not for Beaver's innocence and kind nature, Gilbert would not have been so Easily Forgiven.
Flanderization: Many who have seen and heard of this show tend to exaggerate its Lighter and Softer nature, forgetting that it dealt with such topics as divorce, alcoholism, and Beaver's Hispanic friend. (To give one an idea of how controversial the last was, in The Sixties, a Madeleine L'Engle book was actually censored to remove the protagonists' Hispanic friend.)
Hot Mom: Barbara Billingsley was very easy on the eyes.
Hot Teacher: Beaver had two female teachers over the series, both of whom were gorgeous.
Housewife: June Cleaver is the classic/stereotypical embodiment of the '50s version of the trope. She got to wear slacks in a couple early episodes, but this was eventually nixed by the producers, who felt it too unladylike and/or too sexy for the character.
In reference to the pearls and heels while doing housework, Barbara Billingsley (may she RIP) stated that she didn't always wear them. She had a hollow in her neck that showed up quite visibly on camera. Even in later appearances/interviews, she can be seen with either a high-collared blouse or a pearl necklace covering it. Same with the heels. She said she sometimes wore flats, but as Dow and Mathers grew, she thought it would be best to maintain a bit of height over them.
Not Allowed to Grow Up: Generally averted, though Beaver aged more slowly than the actor portraying him did, especially later on. Still, in the series finale he is explicitly stated to be entering high school; Jerry Mathers was, at the time, a fairly reasonable 15 years old.
Pilot: The show originally began as an episode of Studio 57, an anthology series which initially aired on the short-lived Du Mont Television Network in its first season, before moving to syndication in its second and final season. In the episode, Ward was played by Max Showalter (credited as Casey Adams) and Wally was played by Paul Sullivan.
Dow and Mathers also appeared briefly on an early episode of Saturday Night Live. Mathers joked that he himself had started the rumor because he was afraid people were starting to forget about them. Dow responded, "Gee Beav, you big goof. I oughta slug ya!"
Unwanted Gift Plot: One episode is about Beaver giving his mother a sweater that she really doesn't like, but she's too nice to tell him about it. And then he suggests that she should wear it to a parent/teacher meeting.