Creator: Vincent van Gogh
A self portrait of the artist.Vincent Willem van Gogh
was a famous post-impressionist
artist, famous for his hard life, insanity and vividly colored paintings.His last name is pronounced the Dutch way
: "van" is pronounced "fan" (rhymes with "dawn"), and "Gogh" is a soft Southern Dutch guttural G, a short O (as in "log"), and another soft guttural G. As with any Dutch last name, the "van" is spelled without its capital letter when preceded by the first name or initial.
Van Gogh was born to a minister and his wife, a Replacement Goldfish
to their dead son. After growing up with his brother Theo and going to boarding school, he left his small home in the Netherlands to work at an art dealer. After expressing rage at the thought of art becoming a commodity
, he was fired. He fell in love with the landlord's daughter Eugénie Loyer, who rejected him when he finally confessed his feelings. This would start a chain of romantic failures. Van Gogh proposed to his cousin Kee Vos-Stricker
, who had no interest in him. Van Gogh held his hand over an open flame, saying he would hold it there until he could change her mind
. She absolutely refused him. Van Gogh fell in love with a prostitute
named Sien Hoornick; his father did not approve of the marriage.
She drowned herself in the river in 1904.
Van Gogh fell into depression, but decided to enroll in a school to do something with his life. He befriended Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec there, but because of his problems
their friendship fell out. He then moved to Arles, which he described as a disgusting and filthy city
. This didn't show in his artwork, as he made some of his most colorful and vibrant pictures of the city there. He found a friend in Paul Gauguin
, and waited for him to join him at the yellow house he bought in the country side. He painted paintings for Gauguin and asked after him constantly, which annoyed Gauguin. In a fit of his mental illness he cut off the lobe of his ear
in a fight with Gauguin, begging him not to leave. He gave the bit of flesh to a prostitute at a hotel
. After increasing tension and a state of angry paranoia and mental illness, he returned home. There 30 townspeople made a petition to get rid of him. He was having paranoid delusions of people trying to poison him
. They called him fou roux
(the redheaded fool/madman
) and had him committed to an asylum.
He threw himself into painting at the asylum, making brilliant painting after painting. After he left, he remained reclusive in his yellow house. In 1890 he shot himself in the chest with a revolver in the middle of a field. Unfortunately for him, he survived and had to stay in the hospital another two days, eventually dying of infections from the gunshot wounds
Recent academic research and told during a July 29, 2012 segment
of 60 Minutes
that Van Gogh might not have shot himself as the tale goes but received his fatal wound as a result of a village boy shooting him by accident, and told the authorities he'd shot himself so the poor kid wouldn't get in trouble.
Laconic version? Poor guy
. He remains influential and recognizable today, and a subject of many Art Imitates Art
Also, he once got into a fight with an invisible alien
... Alright, alright, it didn't really happen. Sorry.
Tropes applying to the artist:
- The Alcoholic: Vincent suffered from alcoholism.
- Art Imitates Art: Just one example: Look◊ familiar?
- Beard of Sorrow
- Big Brother Mentor: Subverted. It was actually Theo, Vincent's younger brother, who was more succesful than him and had to give him emotional and financial support.
- Cloud Cuckoo Lander
- Dead Artists Are Better: Probably the best example of this trope ever. Was poor for his entire life, yet after his death his work was sold for millions.
- Dogged Nice Guy: His life was very tragic.
- Driven to Suicide: Sort of. He did (maybe-see above) shoot himself, but it took complications from the injury to finish the job.
- Forgets to Eat: Another thing that contributed to his poor health. He often used the very little money he got from his brother to buy art supplies, and the only thing he'd buy to consume was coffee and thujone.
- Genre Popularizer: Post-Impressionism
- I Just Shot Marvin in the Face: May have been his actual cause of death.
- It Is Pronounced Tro-PAY: The correct Dutch pronunciation of Van Gogh is as follows: "van" rhymes with "one", and "Gogh" is a soft Southern Dutch guttural G, a short O (as in "log"), and another soft guttural G. Not "Van Goth", "Van Goff" or "Van Go". Note that Van Gogh was born in the southern province of Brabant, so he wouldn't have used the rough guttural G that's used in standard Dutch.
- Loners Are Freaks
- Lost in the Maize: He attempted suicide in a cornfield, and supposedly his last painting was of one.
- Mad Artist: Famously. The Long List of his many health problems:
- Bipolar disorder
- Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Random seizures without altered consciousness, but ending in a state of confusion and paranoia.
- Thujone poisoning (from his absinthe alcoholism)
- Lead and chromium poisoning (chromium yellows had recently been introduced and he used a LOT of them).
- Hypergraphia (a condition in which you feel the need to write continuously, which might explain why he wrote 800 letters in his lifetime)
- Sunstroke: He often got so wrapped up in painting outside he forgot that he was about to pass out.
- Some historians believe he was also a paranoid schizophrenic.
- Mood-Swinger: He was bipolar.
- Must Have Caffeine: Letters to his brother indicate that he ate close to nothing and stayed alive on coffee and absinthe.
- Never Accepted in His Hometown: As mentioned above, 30 townspeople made a petition to get rid of him.
- Nice Hat: His yellow straw hat.
- Not Good with People
- Paste Eater: At times he would nibble on his paint, which given the poisonous components probably didn't help both his health and sanity (to the point doctors at one time forbid him to paint before he ate the ink to kill himself).
- Pop-Cultural Osmosis: Van Gogh is best known for having almost sold no paintings during his lifetime and dying broke, while after his death millions are paid to own one of his works. The anecdote how he cut off his own ear is also more infamous than his art.
- Post Something Ism: Post-Impressionism, which became popular when his work gained acceptance.
- Real Life Writes the Plot: Made paintings based on street scenes in Paris, his own bedroom, the starry night across the fields and of himself.
- Reclusive Artist
- Red-Headed Hero
- Replacement Goldfish: Vincent had an older brother who died at birth, also named Vincent, born on the same day as him, but one year earlier. Every week when his family went to church, Vincent would have to walk past a gravestone with, essentially, his name and birthdate on it, only off by one year.
- The Irving Stone novel Lust For Life, adapted to the big screen as the Kirk Douglas film Lust For Life is based on his life.
- The Doctor Who episode Vincent and the Doctor had the doctor meet Van Gogh, but mispronouncing his name as Ven Goff.
- Vincent, a ballad by Don McLean from his album American Pie.
- Robert Altman's Vincent And Theo (1990) tells the story about the relationship between Vincent, played by Tim Roth, and his rich brother Theo.
- In Akira Kurosawa's Dreams (1990) during the segment Crows an art student (a character wearing Kurosawa's trademark hat who provides the POV for the rest of the film) finds himself inside the vibrant and sometimes chaotic world of Van Gogh's artwork, where he meets the artist (played by Martin Scorsese) in a field and converses with him. The student loses track of the artist (who is missing an ear and nearing the end of his life) and travels through other works trying to find him. Van Gogh's painting Wheat Field with Crows is an important element in this dream.
- Vincent And Me is about a girl whose paintings look like Van Gogh and whose work is actually sold under his name instead of hers.
- Three opera's have been based on his life, among them Vincent(1990), composed by the Finn Einojuhani Rautavaara.
- Suske en Wiske: Lambik travels back in time to meet him in De Kleurenkladder. He shocks Van Gogh by making an abstract painting.
- De Kiekeboes: In Hotel O. a man receives the keys to the Van Gogh room, while a servant brings a jar with sunflowers for the room. The hotel lobbyist advices him: Watch out when you're shaving!, a reference to Van Gogh's cut off ear.
- Starving Artist: Literally. Poor nutrition also was a contributing factor to his terrible health.
- Sunny Sunflower Disposition: Painted sunflowers in a vase, which was sold for a record breaking price in 1987.
- There Are No Therapists: At least until Saint Remy. Historians have speculated that a lot of his problems came from him actually being a paranoid schizophrenic, which couldn't have been treated then.
- The Unpronounceable: His surname; in English people argue whether it's Van Go or Van Goff, while the actual Dutch pronunciation is quite different from either.
- Very Loosely Based on a True Story: The often repeated story that Van Gogh cut off his own ear is actually a sensationalized account of what he actually did. He just cut off a piece of his ear lobe.