Lois Lane is the main Romantic Interest
. She first appeared in Action Comics
#1 (June, 1938), the first published Superman story. As such, she's the Trope Codifier
for a type of superhero love interest- the one who doesn't realize that the hero she loves is also someone close to her
. The characters inspired by her
Over the decades, Lois has been a symbol both for and against
feminism; while she is a career woman (an Intrepid Reporter
) who speaks her mind and goes for the big scoop
regardless of danger, she has also been the object of mockery for not noticing that her fellow reporter Clark Kent
is Superman. On this front she is normally joined by Clark Kent's other close friends, but she is closer to either of them than anyone else who does not know they are the same, and even in Lois and Clark
where she does figure out the fact that Clark Kent is Superman before he tells her, she has made out with him on at least one occasion under both identities before that. She also gets marked down by some since she is constantly getting in trouble that she needs to be rescued from
. However at least in some incarnations this often involves her as a bold, fearless attacker who will grab whatever large object is around and go after the local evil force, at times when such a force is in the process of defeating Superman without the use of Kryptonite.
During the Silver Age
of comics, Lois had her own series, titled Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane
. Which lasted for 137 issues, from March-April, 1958 to September-October, 1974. In this series, which had a more humorous tone, Lois became a shrew who constantly tried to prove that Clark was Superman on the assumption that he would *have* to marry her then. Instead of, you know, simply courting him the regular way. (Note that Superman himself was openly courting her, but Lois apparently felt that she still needed to prove herself smarter than him. No wonder she became a target of his Super Dickery
so often. It should also be noted that this was how most superhero love interests
flew anyway). To be fair, they DID truly love each other, both just had a lot of quirks to overcome.
Eventually, an adult version of the character of Lana Lang
(originally created to serve the same role as Lois but in the Superboy series) also joined the cast, in order to force Superman into a Love Triangle
(though Lana had pretty much the same personality as Lois, making you feel even sorrier for him.)
Other stories had Lois fall in relationships with other superheroes, including (in one Time Travel
story) Superman's own father, Jor-El
. Mostly she was just trying to make him jealous, or just happened to attract the attention of other Superman-like characters. Those stories always ended with Lois and Superman back in their original situation
by the end, often because the Romantic False Lead
turned out to be evil/a shape-shifting ameoba/from a planet with a toxic atmosphere/all of the above. Sometimes she became a superhero herself, also only briefly.
In some "imaginary" stories (meaning, not intended as part of the official canon
) Lois did
get to marry Superman, though almost always with bad consequences
for her (having to hide from criminals, raising bratty superpowered kids, etc.) In one such story she married a (reformed) Lex Luthor
By the 1970s, her series attempted to modernize: Lois no longer tried to rope Superman into a wedding, dressed less conservatively and the stories tackled more serious subjects. Unfortunately, one of them was racial injustice, which it tried to explore by... having Lois be transformed into a Black woman for one day. While the intention was good, the story felt very awkward, especially towards the end when she asked Superman if he would still love her if she never changed back. Eventually, the title, along with Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen
, was folded into Superman Family
, where Lois got to strut her stuff in her own stories as a Badass Action Girl Intrepid Reporter
who managed to get the big scoops
while taking down bad guys without Superman's help being necessary.
Lois was eventually allowed to finally marry Superman; the first time, it was the original
Lois Lane (the one from the 1940s comics) since that version was declared to exist in a Parallel Universe
and was not the "current" version. Ironically, in this story Superman (due to a magic spell) forgets he's a superhero and marries Lois as Clark Kent. But then she discovers he's really Superman and helps him regain his memory. She expects him to declare the marriage null, but instead, he marries her again, this time as Superman (in a private ceremony.)
The modern Lois also got to marry Superman in the 1990s, first in the TV show Lois and Clark
and then in the comics. This was the post-Crisis on Infinite Earths
version, who was the 1970s version only more so. Most notably, her relationship (before she learnt his identity) was clearly with Clark, not Superman, in keeping with the Post-Crisis
Superman's belief that "Superman is what I do, Clark Kent is who I am
". There had been elements of this in the Bronze Age
, but it was still mostly presented as "Lois is dating Clark because she suspects he's Superman". As of the New 52
reboot, Lois is no longer married to Clark, and is dating someone else.
The first Lois died during the events of Infinite Crisis
(as did the first Superman) only for both to be brought back during the Blackest Night
crisis as Black Lanterns
Neither marriage had children, so far (except for their son in Superman Returns
.) You also could count the adoption of Christopher Kent, a young Kryptonian boy who turned out to be the son of General Zod
Lois continues to be an inextricable part of the Superman mythos and appears in virtually every version of the character, be it comics, movies or animation.
Lois Lane gives us:
- Action Girl: The modern version. She got smarter, too.
- Berserk Button: Don't insult, use Kryptonite on, or otherwise hurt Superman in front of Lois. You're talking about an unpowered human who has Seen It All and is not intimidated even by the likes of Lex Luthor and The Joker. You do not want to be on the wrong end of her Undying Loyalty to the Man of Steel.
- Betty and Veronica: To Superman, except she and Lana were both The Veronica. More recently, Lana's Betty and Lois is Veronica, when there's a question of it at all (for example, Smallville).
- Brainy Brunette/Fiery Redhead: She has both the brains and the attitude and has been depicted as both over the years, though jet black hair is her most common look.
- The Bus Came Back: Superboy's Love Interest Lana Lang
- Captain Ersatz: While Lois has been endlessly homaged and parodied, most people don't know that she herself was based off a 1930s movie character called Torchy.
- Characterization Marches On: Golden Age Lois was a lot more level-headed in early stories, occasionally getting herself out of trouble before Superman could do it. Chickification set in in the Silver Age, and then Xenafication set in later. Lois as she is now is actually quite accurate to the day-one character. Day one was just a very long time ago.
- The Chick: Although she doesn't fit the role very well, Lois was reduced to this in many stories.
- Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: In the Golden Age comics, Lois had a young niece named Susie Thompkins, whose shtick was getting into trouble by telling fibs. Susie's last appearance was in the mid-50s; a few years later, Lois' (unmarried) sole sibling Lucy Lane was introduced, and Susie was never seen again, save a few appearances in the "Mr. and Mrs. Superman" stories of The Seventies. There, she's shown as the daughter of Earth-Two's married Lucy Lane Thompkins.
- Susie has reappeared in the comics, as of 2012 - but Lucy still exists in this continuity, implying there might be a third Lane sister.
- Clingy Jealous Girl: Silver-Age Lois and Lana, though not Lori.
- Cosmic Plaything: As with Jimmy, some of the things Lois experienced happened because she was connected to Superman... and others just happened out of nowhere.
- Damsel in Distress: To the point of some meta jokes about it, and some Genre Savvy comments.
- Damsel out of Distress: She provides the page image. This is a woman who gets caught by villains all the frickin' time, but only because she's Genre Savvy enough to know that if she does so, she'll not only get the scoop on the front page story, but also somehow survive to write it. And not just by getting rescued — if Superman doesn't know/is depowered/is busy, she'll pretend to fall in love with the drug lord who captured her, then blast herself out of their wedding, veil, gown, and all, with a Mook's stolen machine gun.
- Even in the early days, Lois had quite the nerve. In some of the earliest Fleischer cartoons (now public domain) she pulls such stunts as trying to sabotage a getaway vehicle, climbing onto the back of a mechanical monster to see where it was going, blasting away with a submachine gun at would-be train robbers, and disguised herself as a Nazi to warn the American fleet of a U-boat threat(Well, it WAS the early forties).
- Deadpan Snarker: From day one.
Why is it you always avoid me at the office? Lois:
Please Clark! I've been scribbling "sob stories" all day long. Don't ask me to dish out another.
—Action Comics #1 (June 1938)
- Derailing Love Interests: If it is an Elseworld story, you can bet this is what happens to Lois, that is if she isn't just killed off.
- Arguably in the New Fifty Two too, as Lois is now far more concerned with fame and fortune, and is considerably less important to the story then previous, while Clark goes on to date Wonder Woman.
- Distress Ball: Oh so very often. She's followed her journalistic instincts into danger so frequently it's a miracle she ever survived before having the personal attentions of a Physical God (aka Superman).
- Friendly Enemy: Pre-Crisis, Lois and Lana were usually very good-natured about their love rivalry with each other.
- Genre Savvy: Lois knows Superman well enough that she can throw herself out of a window and be sure that he'll catch her. He even did it during Hush, while he was mind-controlled.
- Henpecked Husband: What Superman becomes in some of the Imaginary Stories. And whilst the writing is misdirected, there is a tendency towards this in the recent canonical stories.
- Hot Scoop: Especially in the Silver age (one story had her merely need a bottle of hair dye to pose as a famously beautiful actress.)
- Intrepid Reporter: Much more intrepid in the Modern Age, but to an extent in the old stories as well.
- Loves My Alter Ego: A Running Gag during the Golden Age and - mainly - the Silver Age. In fact, her Silver Age's iteration currently provides the page image of this trope.
- Never Be a Hero: If she gets superpowers in a story, she'll be back to normal by the end.
- Pretty in Mink: Has worn a few fur coats over the years, including in some Christmas issues.
- Sealed Evil in a Can: Lois let these out quite often, in spite of repeatedly being told not to, even after all the other times she'd done it.
- Single Woman Seeks Good Man: Lois in the Modern Age and for a good portion of the 1990's and the 2000's is in love with Clark not because he is Superman, but because he is a sweet, kind-hearted farmboy from Kansas.
- Superdickery: Sometimes she was the victim, and sometimes she was the instigator, but Lois is a Trope Codifier.
- Transformation Comic: Often rivaled the Jimmy Olsen comics for this.
- Tsundere: The Trope Codifier.
- They Do: With Superman... until the 2011 reboot Retcon.
- Undying Loyalty: Towards Superman.
- Unresolved Sexual Tension: With Superman and/or Clark in several incarnations. Averted during most of the 1990's and the 2000's, however.
- Vitriolic Best Buds: In those continuities were she doesn't know Clark Kent and Superman are the same (for instance the Christopher Reeve films or Superman: The Animated Series) she is usually this to Clark, enjoying a very friendly workplace rivalry with him and chastising him for his timidity. In the very early Golden Age her dislike for Clark was genuine but their relationship quickly evolved into this trope.
- Weak-Willed: During the Golden Age she was very frequently (and easily) hypnotised. Oddly this was much more a trait of the Golden Age Lois who was assertive and had a very strong personality than the less feisty Silver Age version.
- Weirdness Magnet: As much as Jimmy Olsen. Heck, look at the Trope image, then know she's been aged prematurely, forced to marry a gorilla, and much, much more.
- "Well Done, Daughter" Gal: Lois had this relationship with her father Sam Post-Crisis. He wanted a son, badly.
- What Could Have Been: Jerry Siegel intended to have Lois learn Superman's dual identity early on and get a Relationship Upgrade back in 1939 or so; as it happened, this didn't occur until the mid-1990s.
- However, Man of Steel follows this idea. Not even 20 minutes (film-time) after she meets Clark does she find out who he is and where he's from (she visits Smallville and the Kent farm herself).
- Xenafication: Starting at least since the late 1970s in Superman Family, when Lois starting kicking bad guy ass quite well in her solo stories without Superman around.