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[[caption-width-right:350:Lois Lane, a lovely lady who [[HotScoop lands leads]], looks for love in lofty latitudes, and [[ActionGirl laughs]] at [[DamselInDistress liability.]]]]

->''"It's my business, looking beyond the external."''
-->--''Series/LoisAndClark'', "Pilot"

Lois Lane is the main RomanticInterest of Franchise/{{Superman}}. She first appeared in ''ComicBook/ActionComics'' #1 (June, 1938), the first published Superman story. As such, she's the TropeCodifier for a type of superhero love interest: the one who doesn't realize that [[LovesMyAlterEgo the hero she loves is also someone close to her]]. The characters [[CaptainErsatz inspired by her]] are [[FountainOfExpies countless]].

Looking at her reception over the years, you'll find people have claimed her as an assertive [[GirlsNeedroleModels role model for girls]] and as... not. While she is a career-driven, IntrepidReporter who speaks her mind and goes for [[GoingForTheBigScoop the big scoop]] regardless of danger, she has also been the object of mockery for [[ClarkKenting not noticing that her fellow reporter Clark Kent]] is Superman. Not that she's alone, mind you; Clark's other close friends are similarly oblivious, but Lois ''is'' closer to Superman and Clark Kent than anyone else who does not know they are the same, and even in ''Lois and Clark'' where she does figure out the fact that Clark Kent is Superman before he tells her, she has made out with him on at least one occasion under both identities before that. Some readers also mark her down for being [[DamselInDistress constantly getting in trouble that she needs to be rescued from]]. However, at least in some incarnations, Miss Lane does not take being a Damsel lying down. She might then become a bold, fearless attacker [[BadassNormal who will grab whatever large object is around and go after the local evildoer]].

During UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks, Lois had her own series, titled ''Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane''. Which lasted for 137 issues, from March-April, 1958 to September-October, 1974. In this series, which had a more humorous tone, Lois became a shrew who constantly tried to prove that Clark was Superman on the assumption that he would *have* to marry her then. Instead of, you know, simply courting him the regular way. (Note that Superman himself was openly courting her, but Lois apparently felt that she still needed to prove herself smarter than him. No wonder she became a target of his SuperDickery so often. It should also be noted that this was how most superhero [[LoveInterest love interests]] flew anyway). To be fair, they DID truly love each other, both just had a lot of quirks to overcome.

Eventually, an adult version of the character of ComicBook/LanaLang (originally created to serve the same role as Lois but in the Superboy series) also joined the cast, in order to force Superman into a LoveTriangle (though Lana had pretty much the same personality as Lois, making you feel even sorrier for him.)

Other stories had Lois fall in relationships with other superheroes, including (in one TimeTravel story) ''Superman's own father, Jor-El''. Mostly she was just trying to make him jealous, or just happened to attract the attention of other Superman-like characters. Those stories always ended with Lois and Superman [[StatusQuoIsGod back in their original situation]] by the end, often because the RomanticFalseLead turned out to be evil/a shape-shifting ameoba/from a planet with a toxic atmosphere/all of the above. Sometimes she became a superhero herself, also only briefly.

In some "imaginary" stories (meaning, [[WhatIf not intended as part of the official canon]]) Lois ''did'' get to marry Superman, though almost always [[BestOfAllPossibleWorlds with bad consequences]] for her (having to hide from criminals, raising bratty superpowered kids, etc.) In one such story she married a (reformed) ComicBook/LexLuthor instead!

By the 1970s, her series attempted to modernize: Lois no longer tried to rope Superman into a wedding, she dressed less conservatively, and the stories tackled more serious subjects. Unfortunately, one of them was racial injustice, which it tried to explore by... having Lois be transformed into a Black woman for one day. Although the intention was good, the story felt very awkward, especially towards the end when she asked Superman if he would still love her if she never changed back. Eventually, the title, along with ''Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen'' and ''ComicBook/{{Supergirl}}'', was folded into ''Superman Family'', where Lois got to strut her stuff in her own stories as a {{Badass}} ActionGirl IntrepidReporter who managed to [[GoingForTheBigScoop get the big scoops]] while taking down bad guys without Superman's help being necessary.

Lois was eventually allowed to finally marry Superman; the first time, it was the ''original'' Lois Lane (the one from the 1940s comics) since that version was declared to exist in a ParallelUniverse and was not the "current" version. Ironically, in this story Superman (due to a magic spell) forgets he's a superhero and marries Lois as Clark Kent. But then she discovers he's really Superman and helps him regain his memory. She expects him to declare the marriage null, but instead, he marries her again, this time as Superman (in a private ceremony.)

The modern Lois also got to marry Superman in the 1990s, first in the TV show Series/LoisAndClark and then in the comics. This was the post-ComicBook/CrisisOnInfiniteEarths version, who was the 1970s version only more so. Most notably, her relationship (before she learned his identity) was clearly with Clark, not Superman, in keeping with the ComicBook/PostCrisis Superman's belief that "[[SecretIdentityIdentity Superman is what I do, Clark Kent is who I am]]". There had been elements of this in UsefulNotes/{{the Bronze Age|OfComicBooks}}, but it was still mostly presented as "Lois is dating Clark because she suspects he's Superman". As of the ComicBook/{{New 52}} reboot, Lois is no longer married to Clark, and is dating someone else.

The first Lois died during the events of ComicBook/InfiniteCrisis (as did the first Superman) only for both to be brought back during the ComicBook/BlackestNight crisis as [[OurZombiesAreDifferent Black Lanterns]].

The Post-Crisis Superman and Lois returned in ''ComicBook/{{Convergence}}'', before ending up in the New 52 universe, alongside their N52 counterparts, in ''ComicBook/SupermanLoisAndClark''.

The original Superman and Lois never had children, but the Post-Crisis Superman and Lois had a son, Jonathan, in ''Convergence'' (as well as a son in ''Film/SupermanReturns''). You also could count the adoption of Christopher Kent, a young Kryptonian boy who turned out to be the son of General Zod.

Lois again got her own title in 2016 as part of ''ComicBook/DCRebirth'', ''Superwoman'', where [[EmpoweredBadassNormal she gained Superman's powers]] and used them to protect Metropolis.

Lois continues to be an inextricable part of the Superman mythos and appears in virtually every version of the character, be it comics, movies or animation.

!!Lois Lane gives us:

* ActionGirl: The modern version. She got smarter, too. This is chiefly due to the character of Sam Lane, her father, being written as a military man who wanted a son, and trained her like a boy.
* AlliterativeName: It let to the trend of every important woman in Superman's life having the initials "LL".
* AndNowYouMustMarryMe: UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks had her in these a rather severe amount of times, and not just on the receiving end. Check out [[TheSixties the second panel]] of [[http://westcoastavengers.tumblr.com/post/66777389174/everything-you-need-to-know-about-lois-lane-in-4 this comic]] to give you a legitimate idea [[AcceptableFeminineGoalsAndTraits of her character back then.]]
* BadassNormal: Very much so. She's a crusading idealist who works as a reporter to bring down corrupt elements, and she's got the martial arts skills to back up her idealism. Lois is frequently shown to be courageous and often refuses to be intimidated by supervillains, resulting in several CMOA's for her over the years, one notable one being in WesternAnimation/SupermanUnbound when Brainiac is monologueing about how insignificant Earth and it's people seem to him, and Lois responds simply by giving Brainiac the finger, much to his confusion.
* BerserkButton: Don't insult, use Kryptonite on, or otherwise hurt Superman in front of Lois. You're talking about an unpowered human who has SeenItAll and is not intimidated even by the likes of ComicBook/LexLuthor and SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker. You do ''not'' want to be on the wrong end of her UndyingLoyalty to the Man of Steel.
* BettyAndVeronica: To Superman, except she and Lana were both The Veronica. More recently, Lana's Betty and Lois is Veronica, when there's a question of it at all (for example, ''Series/{{Smallville}}'').
* BigBraToFill: Lois is traditionally played by actors who are petite and lean, with the exception of ''{{Series/Smallville}}''. (See: Noel Neill, Margot Kidder, Teri Hatcher, Dana Delaney.) This despite the fact that Lois, uh.... [[http://img3.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20130801152243/supermanrebirth/images/f/fa/Lois_Lane-4.jpg developed]] a bit in the modern era.
* BrainyBrunette[=/=]FieryRedhead: She has both the brains and the attitude and has been depicted as ''both'' over the years, though jet black hair is her most common look.
* BunnyEarsLawyer: To a mild degree; a running gag throughout several of the media she's appeared in has her, despite her fame and success as a newspaper journalist, be absolutely terrible at spelling.
* TheBusCameBack: ComicBook/{{Superboy}}'s LoveInterest Lana Lang.
* CaptainErsatz: While Lois has been endlessly homaged and parodied, most people don't know that she herself was based off a 1930s movie character called Torchy.
* CharacterizationMarchesOn: Golden Age Lois was a lot more level-headed in early stories, occasionally getting herself out of trouble before Superman could do it. {{Chickification}} set in in the Silver Age, and then {{Xenafication}} set in later. Lois as she is now is actually quite accurate to the day-one character. [[LongRunners Day one was just a very long time ago.]]
* {{Chickification}}: The Silver Age incarnation. After the more intrepid Golden Age incarnation, conservative values influenced by UsefulNotes/TheComicsCode set in, so she went from being a somewhat bitter rival to Clark to being more focused on getting Superman to marry her.
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: In UsefulNotes/{{the Golden Age|of Comic Books}} comics, Lois had a young niece named Susie Thompkins, whose shtick was getting into trouble by telling fibs. Susie's last appearance was in the mid-50s; a few years later, Lois' (unmarried) sole sibling Lucy Lane was introduced, and Susie was never seen again, save a few appearances in the "Mr. and Mrs. Superman" stories of TheSeventies. There, she's shown as the daughter of Earth-Two's married Lucy Lane Thompkins.
** Susie has reappeared in the [[ComicBook/{{New52}} comics, as of 2012]] - but Lucy still exists in this continuity, implying there might be a third Lane sister.
* ClingyJealousGirl: Silver-Age Lois and Lana, though not Lori.
* CosmicPlaything: As with Jimmy, some of the things Lois experienced happened because she was connected to Superman... and others just happened out of nowhere.
* DamselInDistress: To the point of some meta jokes about it, and some GenreSavvy comments.
* DamselOutOfDistress: She provides the page image. This is a woman who gets caught by villains all the frickin' time, but only because she's GenreSavvy enough to know that if she does so, she'll not only get the scoop on the front page story, but also somehow survive to write it. And not just by getting rescued if Superman doesn't know/is depowered/is busy, she'll pretend to fall in love with the drug lord who captured her, then blast herself out of their wedding, veil, gown, and all, with a {{Mook}}'s stolen machine gun.
** Even in the early days, Lois had quite the nerve. In some of the earliest Fleischer cartoons (now public domain) she pulls such stunts as trying to sabotage a getaway vehicle, climbing onto the back of a mechanical monster to see where it was going, blasting away with a submachine gun at would-be train robbers, and disguised herself as a Nazi to warn the American fleet of a U-boat threat (well, it WAS the early forties).
* DeadpanSnarker: From day one.
-->'''Clark:''' Why is it you always avoid me at the office?\\
'''Lois:''' Please Clark! I've been scribbling "sob stories" all day long. Don't ask me to dish out another.
--->--''Action Comics #1'' (June 1938)
* DerailingLoveInterests: If it is an [[AlternateUniverse Elseworld story]], you can bet this is what happens to Lois, that is [[DeathOfTheHypotenuse if she isn't just killed off.]]
* DistressBall: Oh so very often. She's [[GoingForTheBigScoop followed her journalistic instincts]] into danger so frequently it's a miracle she ever survived before having the personal attentions of a PhysicalGod (aka ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'').
* FriendlyEnemy: Pre-Crisis, Lois and Lana were usually very good-natured about their love rivalry with each other.
* GenreSavvy: Lois knows Superman well enough that she can throw herself out of a window and be sure that he'll catch her. He even did it during ''Hush'', while he was mind-controlled.
* GoingForTheBigScoop: Frequently. She is a reporter after all.
* HalfHumanHybrid: Lois and Clark's son [[HumanMomNonHumanDad Jonathan]].
* HappilyMarried: To Clark in the Post-Crisis timeline.
* HenpeckedHusband: What Superman becomes in some of the [[WhatIf Imaginary Stories]]. And whilst [[ValuesDissonance the writing is misdirected]], there is a tendency towards this in the recent canonical stories.
* HiddenHeartOfGold: Not ''that'' hidden (she ''is'' fiercely loyal, after all). She does often attempt to hide her softer side because she's afraid of seeming vulnerable, but the truth is she's willing to go to the ends of the earth to fight for justice and protect the people she loves.
* HotScoop: Especially in the Silver Age (one story had her merely need a bottle of hair dye to pose as a famously beautiful actress.)
* InformedAttribute: Lois's skills and reputation as an unstoppable and awesome reporter are strangely absent in some incarnations.
* InterspeciesRomance: With Clark/Superman. Clark is a Kryptonian and Lois is a human.
* IntrepidReporter: Much more intrepid in the Modern Age, but to an extent in the old stories as well.
* LovesMyAlterEgo: A RunningGag during [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks the Golden Age]] and - mainly - [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks the Silver Age]]. In fact, her Silver Age's iteration currently provides the page image of this trope.
* LovingAShadow: Her infatuation with Superman often looked like this in UsefulNotes/{{the Golden Age|of Comic Books}} and UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|of Comic Books}} and even a little bit into UsefulNotes/{{the Bronze Age|OfComicBooks}}.
* MilitaryBrat: Ever since the mid-1980's reboot this has been a key part of her characterization, as it provides a backstory, a source for her ActionGirl badassery, and plenty of dramatic tension between her, her strict father General Lane, and her sister Lucy (who often sides with the General over Lois). In many stories, Lois's military friends and the knowledge she gained about military protocols often come in handy for stories she's chasing as well.
* MsFanservice: She's certainly easy on the eyes.
* NeverBeAHero: If she gets superpowers in a story, she'll be back to normal by the end.
* OfficialCouple: With Superman in the ComicBook/PostCrisis timeline.
* PrettyInMink: Has worn a few fur coats over the years, including in some Christmas issues.
* RealAwardFictionalCharacter: She's almost always introduced as a Pulitzer Prize recipient.
* TheRevealPromptsRomance: With Superman.
* TheRival: She considers Clark to be her rival as the Daily Planet's star reporter, which is especially apparent in the early Golden Age stories.
** Also, Wonder Woman for being an equal for Superman.
* SealedEvilInACan: [[NiceJobBreakingItHero Lois let these out quite often]], [[TookALevelInDumbass in spite of repeatedly being]] [[DontTouchItYouIdiot told not to]], [[AesopAmnesia even after all the other times she'd done it]].
* SingleWomanSeeksGoodMan: Lois in the Modern Age and for a good portion of the 1990's and the 2000's is in love with Clark not because he is Superman, but because he is a sweet, kind-hearted farmboy from Kansas.
* StalkerWithACrush: During UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|of Comic Books}}, intentionally or not.
* {{Superdickery}}: Sometimes she was the victim, and sometimes she was the instigator, but Lois is a TropeCodifier.
* TheyDo: With Superman... although not in their New 52 versions.
* TomboyAndGirlyGirl: Her main point of contrast to her sister Lucy.
* TooDumbToLive: If it wasn't for Franchise/{{Superman}}, she would be dead since [[TheForties 1940]] [[GoingForTheBigScoop thanks to her fondness for snooping around way too much]]. Sometimes it's shown that she takes those risks because she knows she has backup; she [[DamselOutOfDistress can handle herself just fine,]] but just lets herself get into these situations because a hostage can get the best details of what the criminals and supervillains are up to, and will always have Superman to back her up if/when she needs it.
** This is exemplified in ''ComicBook/SupermanTruth'', when Lois goes and decides that ''revealing Superman's secret identity is a good idea''. She's completely and utterly unrepentant over it despite not only ruining Superman's life as Clark Kent, but also others connected to him. (Then again, given the bad guys had discovered Superman's secret identity and were using it to blackmail him, ensuring they ''didn't'' have a hold on him any longer seems somewhat understandable.)
* TransformationComic: Often rivaled the ComicBook/JimmyOlsen comics for this.
* {{Tsundere}}: The TropeCodifier.
* UndyingLoyalty: Towards Superman. Albeit not in their ''ComicBook/New52'' versions.
* UnresolvedSexualTension: With Superman and[=/=]or Clark in several incarnations. Averted during most of the 1990's and the 2000's, however, when they were together.
* VitriolicBestBuds: In those continuities where she ''doesn't'' know Clark Kent and Superman are the same (for instance the Christopher Reeve films or ''WesternAnimation/SupermanTheAnimatedSeries'') she is usually this to Clark, enjoying a very friendly workplace rivalry with him and chastising him for his timidity. In the ''very'' early [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden Age]] her dislike for Clark was genuine but their relationship quickly evolved into this trope.
* WeakWilled: During [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks the Golden Age]] she was ''very'' [[HypnotizeThePrincess frequently (and easily) hypnotised]]. Oddly this was much more a trait of the Golden Age Lois who was assertive and had a very strong personality than the less feisty [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver Age]] version.
* WeirdnessMagnet: As much as Jimmy Olsen. Heck, look at the Trope image, then know she's been aged prematurely, forced to marry a ''gorilla'', and much, much more.
* [[WellDoneSonGuy "Well Done, Daughter" Gal]]: Lois had this relationship with her father Sam Post-Crisis. He wanted a son, badly.
* {{Xenafication}}: Starting at least since the late 1970s in ''Superman Family'', when Lois starting kicking bad guy ass quite well in her solo stories without Superman around.
* YoungerThanTheyLook: Traditionally in live action adaptations Lois is played by actresses slightly ''older'' than the actor playing Clark despite the two characters being roughly the same age, or, as was the case in Donnerverse films, Lois being the younger one[[note]]A scene deleted from the theatrical cut of ''Film/{{Superman}}'' (but present in the DVD and television cut) has a teenage Clark run pass a train with a pre-teen Lois on board.[[/note]]. This is probably to reflect her hardbitten, StreetSmart reporter persona against Clark's farmboy naivetie.