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Camera Sniper
Camera Sniper is primarily a Film and Television trope, although it does occur in other media.

The Government, or the spies, or the Private Detective, or the Intrepid Reporter is watching his target.

The target is seldom aware at this point that there's a camera scope on him, but the audience gets to see an indication of the watchful character(s) because we see a Follow Shot of him walking, sleeping or just eating breakfast in short, just living his day-to-day life.

The shot goes into Freeze Frame (and may also switch from color to black and white), and is accompanied by a camera shutter sound and a blink or iris in shot to indicate that whoever was watching has just taken a photograph of the person targeted. The scene then resumes otherwise unchanged as the target goes about his or her business. This may happen two or three times in the same scene, indicating that there may later be a stack (or email) of photos presented to the watching entity's boss.

Expect the follow shot to be accompanied by a camera's viewfinder reticule. Bonus Points if it's the old-style microprism viewfinder (usually either a split circle or a circle-within-a-circle, with the two parts shaded differently) that few under the age of 30 are likely to have ever actually seen in Real Life.

Black-and-white photography these days is rather rare in the age of digital cameras...but the sight and sound are pretty much iconic now, so it endures even as technology and the trope march forward.

Examples:

Anime and Manga
  • This happens at the beginning of the fourth episode of Meitantei Holmes, as Moriarty spies on Holmes to find out his weakness.
  • Golgo 13. In the opening of the anime episode "Cross Angle", a paparazzi in a helicopter captures a royal having sex on the deck of a yacht, with the subsequent shots showing her fleeing into the cabin. His next target is an actual sniper — the world's greatest assassin at the moment he fires his shot.

Comic Books
  • Commonplace for Spider-Man, but it's a subversion of the trope most of the time because it's Peter Parker's own camera on auto-shutter taking the pics of Spidey in action. But not always. Especially common in the animated fare featuring the Wallcrawler.

Film
  • Seen in The Eighties movie Gotcha.
  • The 2008 film WarGames: The Dead Code has a scene wherein the shot of Amy freezes into a photograph.
  • In Grindhouse: Death Proof, there's a scene of Stuntman Mike watching the second group girls from his car. They walk in slow motion as Stuntman Mike adjusts the camera focus to follow them.
  • In the film There's Something About Mary, there's a scene like this after the main character hires a private detective to track down Mary.
  • Vicki Vale, an intrepid reporter, does this to Bruce Wayne as he visits the spot where his parents died in the '89 version of BATMAN.
  • Played with in The Tall Blond Man With One Black Shoe - an ordinary violinist is marked as a spy as he arrives at an airport, and several real spies secretly take his picture. He'd popped a large piece of chewy candy in his mouth, and every shutter click/freeze frame catches him in a goofy facial contortion as it gets stuck in his teeth.
  • Jumpin Jack Flash. Whoopi Goldberg's character delivers Jack's message to the British Embassy, but they claim not to understand it, telling her she must have been the victim of a practical joke. As she leaves, someone takes her photograph.
  • Act of Valor. A CIA operative meeting with her contact is photographed. A short time later armed men burst into her house, kill the contact and abduct her.

Live-Action TV
  • Chuck: As Sarah makes a drop giving a bogus chip to a medium bad, we have a POV shot of someone taking pictures. Turns out it's an operative for the CIA, who believe that Sarah has had a Face Heel Turn and is selling the real chip. Super huge spoiler: Except it's really an operation to justify her going double in the Big Bad's employ in order to take him down and rescue Chuck's mother.
  • Happens a lot on The Wire, particularly in season one. For instance, the scene where Bubbles is doing his red hat trick and Kima is on the roof photographing the heroes.
  • Happens in Torchwood: Miracle Day - Gwen is in Venice Beach, and we see that someone's watching her through the shutter of the camera they're using to photograph her. The shot even pulls back to show the person with the long range lens.
  • Veronica Mars: At least half the episodes have this, though that's unsurprising considering the character is a private eye.
  • Shown at the start of an episode of the 1980's cop show Hunter where the Villain of the Week is a vigilante who has become obsessed with the title character and is stalking him and his partner, in a montage with the song "I'll Be Watching You".

Video Games

Western Animation
Archer ArchetypeSniper IndexKnife Nut
Camera ChaseCamera TricksChroma Key
Calling The Cops On The FBIEspionage TropesCheckpoint Charlie

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