Literature / Amelia Peabody
A historical mystery series written by Elizabeth Peters.
Amelia Peabody and her husband Radcliffe Emerson are a Happily Married Battle Couple
who are Victorian Egyptologists. Each is an Adventurer Archaeologist
(subverted; they have plenty of adventures, but nothing but scorn for treasure-hunting-style archeology) and an Amateur Sleuth
. They also exhibit the tropes Huge Guy, Tiny Girl
(they are sparring partners as well as passionate lovers), Mama Bear
and Papa Wolf
, Casual Danger Dialog
, Parasol of Pain
, and Literary Agent Hypothesis
(the whole series is supposedly being extracted by an editor from Amelia's private journal and a "Manuscript H" giving a third-person account of the experiences of Ramses and occasionally Nefret; see below).
They also have a tendency to consider themselves above the law
, although mostly this only means they don't bother to call the police while battling criminals: they're administering justice as they see it, so why waste time talking to the police? (There's also the problem that the British police won't bother about Egyptian matters and the Egyptian police are often incapable.) Amelia, in fact, is generally scornful of cops, ignoring the fact that police must follow rules of evidence she doesn't consider binding on her. She frequently says Scotland Yard
would solve more cases if a woman ran it — not talking about getting both
male and female perspectives, but about replacing
the male way of thinking with the female.
The Amelia Peabody series starts in the Victorian Britain
but runs through World War I
and into The Roaring '20s
, so far. Over this time, she and her husband have founded a Badass Family
and Quirky Household
, the Emersons, that is the core of a bi-ethnic (English/Egyptian) example of The Clan
. In addition to Peabody and Emerson, the Emerson family includes:
Each of these four main characters has an Egyptian nickname, bestowed on them by the locals, a particular interest within Egyptology, and an edge of some kind that makes them a bit super-normal:
- Amelia is "Sitt Hakim" ("Lady Doctor") (She is also called "Peabody" by her husband; she always calls him "Emerson." If he calls her Amelia, it means he's really angry with her.) Her favorite topic is pyramids. Her edge is the dreams of or from her dead friend Abdullah.
- Emerson is "Abu Shitaim" ("Father of Curses"). earned by his short temper and talent with Arabic invective. His favorite topics are tombs and temples. His edge is sheer strength and even more endurance.
- Ramses is "Akhu el-Efreet" ("Brother of Demons") (Of course, "Ramses" is already a nickname; his real name is "Walter.") His favorite topic is inscriptions and the study of the ancient Egyptian language. His edge is his extraordinarily sharp hearing and vision. "The Brother of Demons can hear a whisper across the Nile."
- Nefret is "Nur Misur" ("Light of Egypt"), probably in tribute to her hair and her vibrancy. Her favorite topic is mummies, which chimes well with her medical degree. Her edge is a psychic link with Ramses that lets her know when he is in imminent danger; it also spills out into a general sympathy that lets her tame horses, dogs, and cats, feed sparrows from her hand at a cafe table, and may be another reason for her widespread popularity with the Egyptian poor.
There is quite a bit of Catch Phrase
use, mostly from Amelia, who also loves aphorisms. Her favorite catch phrases include "We must have a Council of War!" at least once a case, and frequent references to making or consulting "one of my little lists" of clues. She often has "the direst of forebodings" and the rest of the family sometimes use the phrase for their own misgivings, quoting her. "I suspected him from the start!" is another of her favorites — Ramses once remarked that this was meaningless because she suspected everyone.
Perhaps the most often used is Amelia's claim, "I had, of course, considered that / thought of that / anticipated that" or the like. It runs neck-and-neck, though, with "another shirt ruined" (since Emerson and Ramses are both very hard on their clothes; in fact, there used to be a web-site for Amelia with that phrase as the title) and Abdullah's lament, "Every year, another dead body."
The main characters complicate their investigations for themselves by (1) sometimes competing to see who can solve it first, and (2) almost always keeping information from each other to protect the others from rushing into the danger that they themselves feel must be investigated. As a result, they spend a lot of time rescuing each other.
There are a great many repeating characters, including many historical archeologists. Among the important supporting characters are:
- Sethos, Seth Emerson, who would be an Evil Uncle if he were actually evil; he is Emerson's bastard half-brother, starts the series as a professional tomb robber, gets a crush on Amelia, who reforms him, and goes on to become a British secret agent, all before he reveals the relationship to Peabody and Emerson, and who has a way of turning up unannounced, to drag in new plot complications.
- Abdullah ibn Hassan al Wahhab, their foreman on the digs. He eventually dies defending Amelia, but continues to appear to her in dreams, the reality of which cannot be checked. His son Selim takes over from him eventually. His brother Daoud is a Gentle Giant. His grandson David is taken in by the Emersons, becomes a famed illustrator, and marries a niece of theirs. His daughter-in-law Fatima becomes the Emerson's housekeeper. Abdullah's family is the hook on which to hang issues of racism and imperialism, which the Emersons are fiercely against.
The Emersons, both female and male, are also fierce proponents of equal rights for women. Some of the stories touch on the early feminist movement in England, and Amelia and Nefret are always trying to improve the lot of Egyptian women.
The Emersons' career is intertwined in the real history of Egypt and Egyptian archeology
. The latest books put them on the outskirts of Carter's discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamen.
The Amelia Peabody books so far, with the dates when they are set, are:
- 1884-85, Crocodile on the Sandbank (1975)
- 1892-93, Curse of the Pharaohs (1981)
- 1894-95, The Mummy Case (1985)
- 1895-96, Lion in the Valley (1986)
- Summer 1896, Deeds of the Disturber (1988)
- 1897-98, The Last Camel Died at Noon (1991)
- 1898-99, The Snake, the Crocodile, and the Dog (1992)
- 1899-1900, The Hippopotamus Pool (1996)
- 1903-04, Seeing a Large Cat (1997)
- 1906-07, Valley of the Kings, The Ape Who Guards the Balance (1998)
- 1907-08, Guardian of the Horizon (2004, published out of sequence)
- Summer-Fall 1910, A River in the Sky (2010, published out of sequence)
- 1911-12, The Falcon at the Portal (1999)
- 1912, The Painted Queen (2017)
- 1914-15, He Shall Thunder in the Sky (2000)
- 1915-16, Lord of the Silent (2001)
- 1916-17, The Golden One (2002)
- 1919-20, Children of the Storm (2003)
- 1922-23, The Serpent on the Crown (2005)
- 1922-23, Tomb of the Golden Bird (2006)
The twentieth book in the series, "The Painted Queen", which will cover the 1912-3 season was in the editing phase at Peters' death is set to be realized around mid-2017
Tropes featured include:
- Accidental Misnaming: A cab driver calls Ramses "Brother of Curses" in He Shall Thunder in the Sky.
- Action Girl: Amelia and Nefret, before they graduated to Action Moms.
- Action Hero: Emerson and Ramses. In the later novels, Ramses usually gets beaten up at least once a book.
- Action Mom: Amelia, as well as her daughter-in-law Nefret.
- Adventure Archaeologist: Both Amelia and Emerson, though in subverted form. They despise the treasure-hunting kind of archaeologist.
- Affably Evil: Sethos lives and breathes this trope.
- Amateur Sleuth: Amelia and Emerson, and later Ramses and Nefret.
- Amnesiac Lover: This happens to Emerson at one point.
- Apron Matron: Amelia's parasol is a weapon feared throughout Egypt (before her husband gave her a sword-cane version), and senior British officials cringe at the thought of her tongue-lashings.
- Badass Family: The Peabody-Emerson family, not forgetting the Egyptian in-laws.
- Badass Grandpa (and Grandma): Amelia and Emerson, by the later books.
- Battle Butler: Gargary. The rest of the staff is pretty handy in a fight too.
- The Berserker: Harm to her husband or son will turn prim, petite Amelia into one of these. Watch out for the parasol.
- Be Careful What You Say: Evelyn states that she has so many children.
- Beta Couple: Several - David and Lia, Cyrus and Catherine, Walter and Evelyn, Sethos and Margaret, Daoud and Kadija.
- Canon Welding: With Peters' Vicky Bliss series (one of the characters in that series is descended from one of Ramses and Nefret's children).
- Cannot Spit It Out: Amelia's companion Evelyn and Emerson's brother Walter in Crocodile on the Sandbank. Amelia eventually gets so fed-up with both of them that she spits it out for Evelyn:
Amelia: She loves someone else...The one she loves is a poor wretch who won't even declare himself.
Walter: You cannot mean...
Amelia: Yes, you fool. She loves you. I don't know why, but she does. Now go and claim her.
- Not to mention Ramses, for fourteen years.
- Cats Are Mean: Nefret's cat, Horus, is a demon incarnate to everyone but Nefret and Sennia.
- Cats Are Snarkers: The long line of Emerson cats all manage this without talking.
- Child Prodigy: Ramses, to an insufferable degree.
- Childhood Friend Romance: Amelia and Emerson intend Ramses and Nefret to be (adoptive) brother and sister, but Ramses never saw it that way. But he won't tell Nefret until he has some indication she feels the same. After a great deal of angst on his part, Nefret eventually comes around.
- The Clan: The Peabody-Emersons, eventually. In the chronologically last book (so far), their friends the Vandergelt family become linked to them by marriage as well (David's cousin Jumana agrees to marry Cyrus' adopted son Bertie).
- Commuting on a Bus: Karl von Borg, Sethos
- Covered in Mud: In The Curse of the Pharaohs, Amelia's son Ramses interrupts a tea party after having gone digging in the compost heap and getting covered in mud (among other things). Ramses is described as not so much leaving muddy footprints as having a stream of filth trailing behind him.
- Cutlass Between the Teeth: Discussed; Amelia regrets that it's not actually possible.
"That has always struck me as an impractical procedure," I said. "One would have to have extremely hard teeth and strong jaw muscles, and even then an involuntary movement might easily result in the loss of teeth and jaw."
- Cyanide Pill: In Lion in the Valley, one of Sethos's men is captured by Amelia, and takes poison (prussic acid) rather than be questioned.
- Dead Person Conversation: Amelia has had at least one dream-conversation with her deceased friend Abdullah in each novel since his death. They are cryptic enough that they do not interfere with fair play in the detection, but she believes them to be genuine.
- Disappeared Dad: And husband. Sethos isn't very good at this kind of thing. Actually he's very good at the 'disappeared' part...
- Downer Ending: Not usually, but Falcon at the Portal did not end on a happy note.
- Dreaming of Things to Come: Amelia
- Dude, She's Like, in a Coma!: In Crocodile on a Sandbank, Amelia comes out of a swoon to feel herself being tenderly held and kissed by her not-yet-husband Emerson with whom she has a Slap-Slap-Kiss relationship going. Not only is she totally fine with it, she shams unconsciousness for a few more minutes to prolong the moment!
- Everyone Can See It: From Abdullah to Tarek
- Exact Words: All of the Emersons, especially Amelia, tend to use these rather than outright lies when dissembling (including to each other).
- The Exotic Detective: The basis of the series.
- Faking the Dead; Sethos. Twice.
Emerson: "If he dies again I am going to kill him!"
- Family Eye Resemblance: This is what allows Sennia to be passed off as Ramses' child
- Flirty Stepsiblings: Ramses and Nefret.
- Foreshadowing: Nefret says that Sethos "treated her like an indulgent uncle" during "He Shall Thunder in the Sky." We find out later in the book that Sethos is Emerson's illegitimate half-brother
- Friendly Enemy: After a certain point, Amelia and Sethos' relationship is mostly this. (Emerson isn't so complacent.)
- Genius Bruiser: Emerson, described by his wife as "Herculean" and also as "the greatest archeologist of this or any other age."
- Go-Go Enslavement: Amelia is forced to dress in a sexy harem costume by the Big Bad of Lion in the Valley. Of course she dons it over her 'combinations' (long underwear) meaning the effect is not quite as intended. Even so Emerson's first words to her are "Put some clothes on!"
- Go to Your Room!: Ramses is often told this, with explicit instructions to stay there, because he will leave otherwise.
- Happily Married: Amelia and Emerson.
- Heel–Face Turn: Sethos.
- Heroes Want Redheads: Nefret. When her hair isn't described as "golden," most characters seem to agree it's "red-gold."
- Heroic Sacrifice: Abdullah. And Sethos twice!
- Historical-Domain Character: The Emersons have several friends who fit this class. Howard Carter, who found the tomb of Tutankhamun, appears a lot, and T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) shows up at least twice. Emerson has a particular dislike for fellow Egyptologist Flinders Petrie, possibly because Petrie is the Real Life model for Emerson and the fellow who in Real History developed many of the archaeological principles and techniques Amelia credits Emerson with devising.
- Hypocritical Humor: At one point in The Last Camel Died at Noon, Amelia pats herself on the back for nagging her husband into a certain course of action. When it goes badly a few pages later, she notes that if he'd listened to her, he would never have taken that course. Apparently, she forgot to edit the relevant portion of her journal.
- Emerson does this all the time too. You'll lose track of how many times he tells someone (especially Amelia) not to lose their temper, despite the fact that his own has earned him the nickname "Father of Curses" and everyone in Egypt is afraid to cross him.
- Idiot Ball: Everyone at one time or another.
- I Resemble That Remark!: ""I never raise my voice," Emerson bellowed. A ghostly echo came rolling back from the depths of the tomb, as if the king's spirit were objecting to being awakened."
- Kid Detective: Ramses, in the earlier books.
- Lady of Adventure: Amelia. Nefret and Margret Minton are, too, though not in Amelia's league.
- Literary Agent Hypothesis: Not only are the books presented as being extracts from the journals and letters of the family, the issue is made even blurrier because both Margret Minton and Percy Peabody (secondary characters) write highly colored and distorted "memoirs" of their experiences, and the Emersons are semi-friends with a yellow journalist who writes exaggerated accounts of their own exploits.
- Love at First Punch: It's unclear exactly when Sethos developed his crush on Amelia, but it's quite probable he grew fixated on her after one of his henchmen knocked Ramses into a wall, causing her to subsequently go utterly berserk and stab him with her parasol.
- Love Epiphany: When Nefret finally realized how she felt about Ramses, the sound she made is described as half squeak, half sob.
- Love Makes You Dumb: When Sethos reveals his adoration for Amelia, he lists all the things he's done throughout the novel in order to try and win her regard. They are, to a one, silly, convoluted or both.
- Loyal Animal Companion: Bastet, for Ramses. She's also pretty intelligent for a cat.
- Master of Disguise: Sethos and Ramses both. Ramses, in fact, developed his own skill at disguise while still a young boy, after stealing one of Sethos' rather comprehensive makeup kits; for a while before puberty he was in the habit of disguising himself so convincingly as a girl that the Emersons' servants thought they were being haunted by a child's ghost.
- Makes Sense In Context
Amelia: "Emerson, that villain, that remarkable, clever wretch has seduced our cat!"
- Mighty Whitey: Both used and subverted. Amelia and her husband, son, daughter-in-law, and grandchildren are all white, and regarded with awe, admiration, and dread by the Egyptians they work with, but one of the causes they champion is equal rights for Egyptians, and they cultivate some impressive Egyptian sidekicks (though none in their own league). In The Last Camel Died at Noon, Amelia and family visit a Lost World, where Amelia is irritated to discover that the heroic native prince believes in the Mighty Whitey trope.
- Mindlink Mates: Ramses and Nefret have a one-way link, whereby Nefret knows when Ramses is in imminent danger (which is most of the time).
- Mr. Smith: A recurring character is a British spymaster who often goes by "Smith," partly because spies use pseudonyms and partly because it's so much easier than coping with his real name of "the Honorable Algernon Bracegirdle-Boisdragon."
- Not Now, Kiddo: Happens to Ramses, particularly in Lion in the Valley.
- Only Known by Their Nickname: Nobody ever calls Ramses "Walter".
- Papa Wolf: Emerson. Shades into Overprotective Dad with regard to Nefret sometimes; not so much about sex as about shielding her from the world's ugliness. He'll say she shouldn't be permitted to examine a gruesome corpse, ignoring the fact that she's a fully trained doctor and would politely and lovingly tell him where to stuff his objections. At least once after she and Ramses married, Ramses got a bit irritated by Emerson's attitude effectively implying that Ramses didn't do a proper job of looking after her; he was rather maliciously amused when Emerson became embarrassed to realize Nefret was taking a bath in the next room.
- Put on a Bus: Percy Emerson, the Frasers, Mary and Karl von Borg
- Scooby-Doo Hoax: Unsurprisingly, considering the setting, some form of this is always used by someone, protagonists included.
- Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness: Ramses does this a lot as a child; he eventually grows out of it. Alas, his son inherits it.
- Shout-Out: To Sherlock Holmes — the second book has characters belonging to a different branch of the Baskerville family, and someone under the pseudonym of Milverton, as well as a direct reference to Holmes, while book four has Amelia meet a detective named Tobias Gregson who's not actually either of those things. There are also references to H. Rider Haggard's stories, in addition to the Homage mentioned above involving Nefret's backstory.
- Elizabeth Peters is a Discworld fan. One of the World War I-era stories had Sethos pretending to be a German agent reporting to a "von Überwald."
- Shown Their Work: The Egyptology and history of archeology is solid, because Elizabeth Peters (IRL Barbara Mertz) is an Egyptologist and writes non-fiction under her real name.
- Silk Hiding Steel: Amelia and Nefret and to a lesser extent Evelyn. Literally in the case of their parasols.
- Taste Of The Lash: Percy does this to Ramses
- Tempting Fate: In "Falcon at the Portal" Nefret asks Lia in a letter, "What could Percy do to hurt Ramses?" They find out very quickly.
- The Bus Came Back: The Frasers reappear in "Seeing A Large Cat" and Percy reappears in "The Falcon at the Portal"
- They Do: Ramses and Nefret, eventually.
- Title Drop: In several of the novels
- Tomboy and Girly Girl: Amelia and Evelyn in the first book. By the time Evelyn re-appears as a major character, it's obvious they did learn from each other, - for instance, Amelia, who was utterly uninterested in all but the most utilitarian clothes at the beginning now can talk fashion with the best of them, and Evelyn is thrilled about wearing bloomers and bicycle dresses.
- Unto Us a Son and Daughter Are Born: Ramses and Nefret's children, at least until the last book when it is revealed that Nefret is pregnant with a girl.
- Very Loosely Based on a True Story: As noted in Historical-Domain Character, Emerson and Peabody clearly are versions of Real Life Flinders Petrie and his friend and patron Amelia Edwards, embellished up to 11 and married to each other.
- Victorian London: The series starts in this period, but outlives it by quite a bit.
- Villainous Crush: In Lion on the Sandbank, Amelia is oblivious to the fact that the Master Criminal, aka Sethos, appears to be courting her. Not even when he sends her flowers. Emerson of course figures it out, and grows incredibly jealous and paranoid as a result.
- You Called Me "X"; It Must Be Serious: Amelia knows Emerson's really angry at her when he calls her "Amelia" rather than the usual "Peabody."
- What Happened to the Mouse?: Violet Peabody is only seen in "Deeds of the Disturber"
- Wouldn't Hit a Girl: Emerson and Sethos.
- Wouldn't Hurt a Child: Emerson for all his large physique, short temper and boisterousness, would never harm - or allow any harm to come to - a child, his or anyone else's.