Sometimes, one or more of the characters get caught in a tight spot. They might be heavily outnumbered, hanging on to ledge by one hand, or falling into a volcano. For them to survive, someone will have to help them, and this time, one (or more) of the gods interfere in person. The function is that of a Deus ex Machina, but in this trope we are left with little to no doubt about the nature of the helping hand.
See also God Is Good. If whether there was an intervention is debatable, see Maybe Magic, Maybe Mundane.
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Anime and Manga
Happens occasionally in Transformers Cybertron, with Primus lending power or providing Mid Season Upgrades. In fact, the Autobots' main goal is to reconnect Primus' spark with his body so that he can intervene in the crisis they face (the all-consuming black hole created by his brother Unicron's death throes).
Puella Magi Madoka Magica: to divinely intervene is ascended Madoka's job after she make a wish to save all the magical girls. She must do this for all eternity while being removed from existence.
In One Piece, Luffy is about to have his head chopped off by Buggy in Logue Town, on the very same platform that Gold Roger was executed on. Just before the blade Buggy's using can connect, the entire platform gets struck by lightning. Sanji wonders aloud if there was anything divine about what happened. It's heavily implied that it was either this trope, considering how afterwards everything was in favor for the crew's escape or pure coincidence. It is also implied that it wasn't natural lightning that saved Luffy in the first place. What occurred at Logue Town is still very vague, even though it was over 600 chapters ago.
Though it might also have been intervention by Luffy's father Dragon the Revolutionary, the world's most wanted criminal, who was present in Loguetown at the time and whose abilities are still completely unknown (but, based on the nature of the series, surelyconsiderable).
The whole point of End of Days is getting the protagonist to realize that in the end, nothing he can do can beat the bad guy, and asking for Divine Intervention is the only way to save the world.
In Pulp Fiction, hitmen Jules and Vincent are caught off guard by a man with a Hand Cannon, who empties all six shots at them without hitting them once. Jules is convinced that this is Divine Intervention, and it inspires him to give up his life as a hitman and walk the earth. Vincent is less than convinced.
A careful viewing of the event in question reveals that there are several bullet holes in the wall directly behind Jules after the shots are fired, but none directly behind Vincent, which may indicate that for Jules it really was this trope and for Vincent it really was just luck. The fact that shortly thereafter, Vincent is blown away by Butch implies that maybe he should have considered that a final warning.
In The Blues Brothers, their mission for God to save the orphanage is helped along by this trope. Of particular is the car which survives an impossible amount of damage only to last just long enough to get the brothers to where they need to go, where it promptly falls apart. Once their mission is over, the luck runs out and they're arrested.
In the One Rose Trilogy, the plot centers around the naitan Kallista Varyl who gains new powers and abilities after calling on God to save a besieged city. Throughout the trilogy, she gains 8 "Godmarked" mates who are essentially the magical batteries for her powers.
In The Fires of Affliction, faith healers are able to work miracles, but the gifted ones are rare, and they seem to have more and more trouble convincing God to answer their prayers. After Finding The Cure fails, the heroes are forced go this route to try and cure the heroine's poisoning. It works, but only because the heroes' non-magical doctor keeps her alive long enough for the priests to convince God to heal her.
Happens several times in Marie Brennan's Doppelgńnger books. Given how much the characters talk about and rely on their faith, it's not really a cop-out.
The Valar of The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings only occasionally intervened in goings on in Arda (most notably sending an army out to defeat Morgoth after being begged by a representative of Elves and Men, and sending the Istari (Wizards) to aid the Free Peoples in the Third Age). The end of the First Age made them significantly more reluctant to intervene directly, due to the damage they had the potential to cause (as well as their growing belief that they'd never been meant to intervene in the affairs of the Children of Il˙vatar).
Another, lesser example is when they send the eagles to help Aragorn's army at the gate of Mordor, though their main contribution is to rescue Sam and Frodo from the exploding Mount Doom.
Il˙vatar himself only directly intervened in Eń three times in its history; once to call out AulŰ for creating the Dwarves (and then giving them true life and independence when he repented), once to change the shape of the world when N˙menor attacked Aman, and (implied) once to send Gandalf Back from the Dead. It's implied that He may have had more subtle interventions (such as Bilbo finding the One Ring).
Very prominent in Greek epics such as The Iliad. In fact, divine intervention heavily influences the outcome of the war.
Arguably, in The Dresden Files universe, the Knights of the Cross have this function (or act on His behalf). always appearing precisely when they are needed. In fact, Genre Savvy Harry Dresden relies on this at one key point, successfully, when Molly is in danger.
In The Journey to Atlantis, a god and goddess, Sol and Luna, respectively, frequently assist the characters on the island when they are in dangerous situations. They stop a snowstorm from becoming deadly, cause rain to get them to focus, and even use a thunderbolt to kill a pack of wolves that would have otherwise killed some of them.
The Alloy of Law has the god Harmony, who normally maintains a policy of non-intervention in mortal matters. However, in the climax, when Wax seriously pleads for help, Harmony responds by sending him the trunk full of his guns and ammo.
Harmony: You're welcome.
Live Action TV
In the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode "Amends," Angel's life is saved when a snowstorm comes out of nowhere (in southern California, bear in mind) and blocks out the sun. Although it's left ambiguous whether this was truly divine intervention or the exact opposite; the First Evil had spent most of the episode trying to get Angel to pull a Face-Heel Turn, and it may not have been ready to give up on him just yet.
4 seasons later the possibility that Jasmine saved him is raised. Which basically is divine intervention, though not exactly a friendly god.
At the start of season 5 of Supernatural, Sam and Dean are teleported away from the area where Lucifer is about to rise, Sam is cleansed of his demonic addiction, and Castiel is resurrected. They conclude that God had acted, though another angel suggests that Castiel, as a fallen angel, was actually raised by Lucifer to provide more opposition.
About halfway through the season, the angel Joshua confirms God did all the above, when Dean complains about God not doing anything to help them.
An episode of the 2003 revival of The Twilight Zone featured a man on death row being saved from his executions by increasingly improbable circumstances. Each time, the man hears a woman's voice say "Not yet," and he eventually sees a heavenly woman he believes to be an angel. He is granted a new trial and found innocent. At that point, he reveals to his lawyer that he is, in fact, guilty, but no one can do anything since the Powers That Be don't want him to die. He steps out of the courtroom to greet the press... and the voice says "Now," and a statue falls on him, killing him. The statue? The "angel" he saw: Nemesis, the Goddess of Vengeance.
Parodied on Bottom, in the episode "Hole". Richie and Eddit end up trapped on a condemned ferris wheel and end up hanging by their fingers as their car slowly disintegrates. They pray for a miracle; God's hand appears miraculously. However, once safely on the divine hand, then they both start commenting how they don't actually want to cause offence or anything, but they don't believe in God. Accordingly, the hand disappears....
Kalem intervenes several times to save Will and his friends. Generally, she follows this with a lecture about how she can't spend all her time saving him.
In Nomine has Divine Interventions as a game mechanic; if a 111 is rolled (on 3d6), something happens which is good for the cause of Heaven and/or bad for the cause of Hell. This could be anything from an NPC showing up to help or hinder the PCs (PCs can be on either side of the War) to the servants of Hell exploding into fireballs, depending on the situation and what the GM comes up with. Interestingly, a 666 results in an Infernal Intervention which is basically the opposite, good for Hell and/or bad for Heaven.
All members of a cult in RuneQuest can pray for divine intervention. The chance of it working is small, though (unless you're a high-ranking member), and always has a high price when it does - you lose part of your permanent Power attribute, and if you lose all your Power you die.
Should you ever find yourself in a very tight spot in Eon, and happen to have some qadosh to spare (qadosh basically shows how in-tune you are with your god), you can roll to have your deity take you out of the sticky situation. There are just 3 things you should consider: 1; Unless the roll ends with a perfect, you're going to lose qadosh, 2; Regaining qadosh is unbelievably difficult (except for those believing in Maktha, but the rules state that that deity doesn't HAVE divine intervention), and it will likely take you several in-game years to regain the amount you lost, and 3; Should you fail the roll... let's just say the gods don't like to be disturbed...
Dragonlance, both in "recent" development and background includes a lot of this, including several all-out wars between gods. The Cataclysm happened when "good" guys won, but became so proud and self-righteous that even their own gods gave up and agreed it's best to drop a huge meteor on their arch-priest's capitol and let mortals blunder on their own for a while, maybe they'll learn to appreciate divine guidance (and divine magic) after that.
Forgotten Realms as a divine battleground, got a lot of such events, some more spectacular than others.
The Drow, especially as Always Chaotic Evil as in the books by R.A. Salvatore should, by all accounts, have backstabbed themselves into extinction long ago. Their deity Lolth is the only reason they are still alive, since she keeps her theocracies in the state of perpetual Enforced Cold War. Drow that have turned away from Lolth can be less vicious, but if there are more than one strong faction, they eventually start a civil war and completely destroy the community, so the only city which escaped being subjugated by one of priesthoods without becoming a smoking ruin is The Magocracy where wizards de-facto took most of the power even before wiping out their matriarchs in one swift coup.
The Imaskari empire had a planar seal, which among other things prevented their Mulan slaves from being helped by their gods (Egyptean Pantheon). This still didn't help. When those gods were really fed up with this situation, they simply smuggled a chunk of divine essence in — a bunch of powerful avatars were carried into Realmspace on Ptah's barge (he got spelljamming in his sphere of influence). They disembarked in a range that became known as Godswatch Mountains, spread their power to lesser avatars, who recruited priests and divine minions, then rolled over Imaskari with a rebel army growing as they walked on.
In the debug mode in the RPG maker Unlimited Adventures, the designer can instantly win every battle by pressing a button called "WIN". This destroys all enemies, with the announcement "The gods intervene!"
In NetHack the player can pray for divine intervention if he is in trouble. If you don't annoy you god (by praying too often), have a good alignment record (Karma Meter) and are not in Hell your god can heal you, feed you, cure delayed instadeaths like foodpoisoning or stoning, lift curses, etc.
Double Subverted (maybe even Triple Subverted) in King of the Hill. Hank decides to watch the Super Bowl instead of helping Luanne with her puppet show, which is being broadcast at the same time. However, the TV starts spontaneously changing from the game to Luanne. The first subversion comes when we see it's just Peggy, hiding around a corner, using a universal remote. Then at the end of the episode, Bobby comes up and says he borrowed its batteries before the Super Bowl, shocking Peggy. And then at the very end, he shrugs and says "Or maybe after, I don't remember."
Happens literally in the multipart episode of Samurai Jack, "Birth of Evil" (the origin of Aku). The gods Odin, Ra, and Rama use part of the Emperor's soul to forge a sword that he can use to defeat Aku. (This would later become Jack's sword.) These three gods were the ones who had defeated the evil cosmic entity that Aku was once a part of, which is likely why they intervened.
Also happened in "Jack and the Assassins" where, after Jack used a power gauntlet to defeat all but the sword wielder of said Elite Mooks only for it to lose power just then, Jack prayed for the aid to finish him off.