A basic goal for any TV show is to "win" its timeslot for the network by having the highest ratings, and thus the highest ad revenue. However, there are some battles you just can't win
: "Appointment Television
" or "must-see TV" events such as sports championships
, Award Shows
, and major premieres/finales are going to win their timeslots no matter what the other networks air.
In response, the other networks may not even try to compete for ratings
and instead look for the least expensive way to fill that airtime. Often, this means reruns of a popular show, a movie marathon, or something else with extremely low production costs. Affiliated networks may actively seek out their worst
programming to avoid interfering with the dominant program's ratings, or even direct viewers to the other channel rather than competing at all.
A variant is scheduling something special during such an event, often during a break in the action. For the Super Bowl
, this often meant an alternative during the halftime break (although this practice has fell out of favor when the NFL began to make efforts to invite major musicians to play the halftime show rather than performance ensembles such as Up With People).
These are sometimes used to fill a Friday Night Death Slot
- On Super Bowl Sunday, the cable channel Animal Planet schedules a program called the "Puppy Bowl" — basically, extended footage of puppies playing in an enclosure resembling a football stadium, along with "play-by-play" commentary (for many years provided by an actual football announcer, Harry Kalas). From the second Puppy Bowl onwards, they had a kitten halftime show, 2013 introduced hedgehog cheerleaders, and 2014 featured guest spots from The Muppets (as a tie-in with the then-upcoming Muppets Most Wanted). Over the years, the Puppy Bowl has become popular enough to crawl out of No Hoper territory. While not coming close to competing with the Super Bowl's viewership, it's repeatedly broken Animal Planet's network records, with ratings increasing from 690K when it premiered in 2005 to 10 million in 2012. It's also gotten popular enough to have its own imitators, such as the Kitten Bowl which airs on Hallmark Channel.
- Animal Planet also created an Olympic-themed spin-off of the Puppy Bowl, the Puppy Games, to run opposite the Olympics' opening and closing ceremonies.
- American broadcast networks used to attempt to compete with whoever had the contract for the current Super Bowl (most often airing a special against the halftime show. The practice was codified in 1992 when Fox (in)famously aired a live In Living Color! special and managed to steal away at least 20 million viewers, prompting the NFL to bring in the big guns the following year), but now that they all air some form of NFL content, they don't even try. Fox sacrificed new episodes of ‘Til Death to the 2010 Super Bowl. The show had no following by that point (at least, that wasn't in it for the trainwreck fascination) and the initial airing was only so that the producers could reach the syndication threshold.
- The No Hoper phenomenon was mentioned In-Universe in Futurama, when Professor Farnsworth pays to have their commercial aired during the Super Bowl... just not on the channel that's showing it.
- Likewise, in King of the Hill, the first episode with Luanne's Manger Babies puppets has her getting airtime on Channel 84... opposite the Super Bowl, which puts Hank (cast as God) in a tough spot.
- One radio station in Green Bay, Wisconsin took this trope Up to Eleven: they were so convinced no one would listen during a Packers Super Bowl appearance that they chose Dead Air.
- Cable channels tend to run movies or TV marathons opposite the Bowl. For instance, in 2015, almost every Viacom cable network (except for Nick Jr., which ran a Peppa Pig marathon) did so with films in their archives: Nickelodeon showed their in-house film Rags, and LOGO showed The Rocky Horror Picture Show. On the series front, The Hub competed in 2013 with a "Strawberry Bowl", and the digital subchannel Get TV countered the 2017 Bowl with a marathon of The Life and Times of Grizzly Adams.
- In 2012, the lead-out program for the Bowl was Glee. In Canada, while CTV has been the event's broadcaster for a while now, the broadcast rights to Glee were with Global (who, ironically, used to be the NFL's Canadian broadcaster) at the time. So Global put together a "Sue-Per Bowl Sunday" marathon of previous Glee episodes (along with Glee-themed episodes of The Simpsons and The Office) before the new episode, "The Sue Sylvester Shuffle". (CTV went with a new episode of their in-house production Flashpoint as their lead-out program.)
- NFL Network itself runs a static screen with a live scoreboard and stat displays — either meant as a subtle hint for viewers to change the channel and come back after the game itself is over (where their practically endless coverage of the aftermath begins), or to keep open on a second screen next to it. NFL Network used to do something similar during the regular season (NFL GameDay Scoreboard, rotating between the different games and radio feeds), until they replaced it with the live news and analysis program NFL GameDay Live.
- When the famous Dallas "Who Shot J.R.?" episode was first broadcast, NBC officials joked that opposite it they would just run a card reading, "We're watching it too."
- When Johnny Carson aired his final episode as host of The Tonight Show, Comedy Central aired a 90-minute live feed of a bottle of Tabasco sauce in an empty talk show set. McIlheney's Tabasco Sauce was the only advertiser crazy enough to sponsor the channel's Dadaist tribute to a legendary comedian.
- During the Grand Finale episode of Seinfeld, MTV interrupted programming whenever NBC went to commercial, and showed a clip from their then-upcoming Animated Anthology Cartoon Sushi. The host claimed they were timing their broadcast by looking out the window of the studio, and watching the giant TV in Times Square.
- During that episode, TV Land ran a card encouraging its viewers to turn to Seinfeld. The same was done for Everybody Loves Raymond... two extremely successful comedies that TV Land expected to syndicate the nostalgic dickens out of in future years.
- In Australia, Seinfeld was run on two channels—one showed new episodes, one reruns—at about the same time. When the finale was shown on the first channel, the second showed only a black screen.
- On a related note, after MTV aired pilots of it as halftime counterprogramming, Celebrity Deathmatch aired its series premiere on the same night (fittingly, the main event of said episode was Tim Allen versus Jerry Seinfeld).
- In many local markets it was for many years assumed that either Oprah or Judge Judy would win the 4pm weekday timeslot, so the other stations aired programs (like local news, sitcom reruns, or talk shows) with low ratings expectations but some hope of maintaining viewer momentum.
- The US version of Whose Line Is It Anyway? actually benefited from low ratings expectations for its timeslot. ABC aired it Thursdays at 8:00 (7:00 Central), opposite Friends on NBC and Survivor on CBS. ABC knew Whose Line was cheap to produce and had a dedicated fanbase that would produce consistent ratings, and the show lasted longer there than it would have in a timeslot with higher overall expectations.
- During the series finale of Friends, TV Land aired counter-programming that consisted of... a group of young people watching the series finale of Friends.
- For the last few years, every MTV network (including VH-1 and digital channels such as MTV Hits and VH1 Classic) and CMT) has switched to a black screen directing viewers to MTV during both the Video Music Awards and the MTV Movie Awards. The same networks used to air their lousiest programming during the former awards show, like ABC's run-into-the-ground TV movie The Jacksons: An American Dream. One year, MTV2 showed a split-screen simulcast of the VMA's, with the official MTV feed in one corner and three other "behind-the-scenes" cameras in the other boxes.
- Nickelodeon now also has their sister networks (and fellow Viacom channels TV Land and CMT) carry the Kids's Choice Awards in a simulcast to make sure that a rerun of One On One or Everybody Loves Raymond doesn't cost them a thousandth of a ratings point.
- The Miss Venezuela gala is the Venezuelan equivalent of the Super Bowl, and attracts a broad audience; the other channels know this, and either keep their usual schedule or play movies of the national and/or controversial variety. One year, the cast of a popular late show decided that the best way to compete would be simulcasting and MSTing the beauty contest to turn it into a Drinking Game. Some parts of the simulcast got higher ratings than the original contest.
- The Mexican soccer finals, as well as some derby matches such as Chivas vs. América, are often broadcast against old movies as Mexico's other TV channels don't bother to compete.
- Doctor Who:
- The series 4 finale "Journey's End" was hyped weeks before it was aired, with the excitement level growing exponentially. It had an expected viewership of 10 million, so The BBC's rival ITV showed Kindergarten Cop against it.
- ITV did actually put some effort into competing against Doctor Who in the show's first relaunched season in 2005. Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway aired against the first four episodes of the revival, and while it didn't beat Doctor Who, it still performed pretty well in the ratings, all things considered. ITV's next effort Celebrity Wrestling got utterly ripped to shreds in the ratings, though, and became a national joke within days. ITV subsequently realised that shows like Saturday Night Takeaway were best saved for when the BBC themselves were broadcasting No Hoper Repeats, and since then have mostly aired old films and clip shows against Doctor Who.
- Ironically, Doctor Who was itself an example of this trope when it was broadcast against ITV's Coronation Street from 1987-1989.
- During the 2008 Olympics, Fox8 (an Australian cable TV channel) aired almost non-stop The Simpsons, Family Guy, King of the Hill, Futurama and American Dad! episodes. It almost worked, until they ran out of American Dad! episodes so they had to run repeats of the No-Hoper Repeat during the extended No-Hoper Repeat.
- During the 2004 Olympics, they just showed Simpsons episodes during the day. That's right, at least six hours of Simpsons episodes a day.
- The terrorist attacks of 9/11 and The War on Terror are a spectacular example. Any channel with even a tangential relationship to news reporting was airing non-stop updates, while other networks aired the most anodyne canned material they could find (partially out of respect and partially because they knew no one was watching - including them), and some just stopped broadcast altogether. Thankfully, such programming provided an opportunity to escape from the Heroic B.S.O.D. for a few minutes, if needed. Very little original programming aired on any network for at least a week. Sites like the Understanding 9/11 repository from the Internet Archive show how much the different networks' coverage converged immediately after the attacks. (The Onion also not only provided a spot-on "On TV Tonight"..., but parodied this trope in a piece about the new "surreality TV" genre spawned in the wake of the attack.)
- On the day of the attacks, MTV and its sister station VH-1 did a national simulcast of coverage from New York City's Viacom-owned WCBS-TV, the only major English-language station still broadcasting in the City (they had a backup tower on the Empire State Building, unlike the other stations). For the following week, MTV aired a nonstop music video loop, consisting entirely of Destiny's Child's "Emotion", Nelly Furtado's "I'm Like a Bird", and U2's "Stuck in a Moment You Can't Get Out Of".
- Like MTV, BET initially simulcast coverage from CBS, then switched to blocks of music videos interspersed with periodic updates from BET's own news division.
- Discovery Channel pulled a variety of documentaries out of their archives and aired them one after the other for the week after the tragedy.
- One of the few bits of original programming that did air in the week following the tragedy was, of all things, Professional Wrestling: in a widely criticized move, the WWF held a special live edition of SmackDown! just two days after 9/11 that featured matches put on just to entertain the fans (no storylines were advanced). Vince McMahon came out at the top of the show to beam with pride that it was the first such large gathering since the attacks, and painted it as a defiant statement against fear of terrorism. Incidentally, the reason that SmackDown! was a "special live edition" was that the show was originally scheduled to tape on Tuesday... September 11. That event, naturally, got cancelled.
- HGTV and Food Network left the air completely, showing only still screens for two days, knowing that nobody was in the mood to be instructed on anything. In Food's case, it was because it was located in lower Manhattan where a mandatory evacuation occurred, and presumably running cooking shows was a very low priority for anyone.
- Some PBS stations aired kids' programming (including several rarely-aired and/or long-cancelled shows such as Tots TV, Theodore Tugboat, The Noddy Shop and Adventures from the Book of Virtues) almost all day during the two weeks after the tragedy so that children would have something to watch besides news on the regular networks. Cable networks such as Disney Channel, Nickelodeon and Cartoon Network, as well as UPN's Disney One Too block, presumably followed their example.
- For the first several hours after the attacks ESPN ran coverage from ABC News. After much soul-searching in Bristol about whether to air SportsCenter, the network decided to go forward with an episode that merely informed viewers of the sports events that had been cancelled or otherwise affected by the day's grim events. Had the decision gone the other way, it would have been the only day in the network's history without at least one airing of SportsCenter.
- The Latin Grammys were to broadcast that evening on CBS from Los Angeles. The ceremony never took place and the awards were given out at a news conference over a month and a half later. Other new programming was delayed for a bit out of respect, including the premiere of Emeril, prompting jokes that the terrorists were saving viewers from watching the unremarkable sitcom. The Emmys (which were to broadcast just a few days later) were also affected, however unlike the Latin Grammys it was simply delayed to October, then delayed again when the War on Terror really started to sizzle. The ceremony would eventually take place in November - just in time for sweeps.
- In Canada, almost every major basic cable station ran news reports about the tragedy - except for youth programming channels, which continued airing repeats of their early morning shows (i.e. stuff for the little ones rather than the KidComs and Teen Dramas normally seen later in the day), and public access stations, almost all of which went to a static image saying that programming was suspended.
- Saturday Night Live's first episode after the attack opened with New York Firemen on stage with mayor Rudolph Giuliani giving the audience permission to laugh.
- Subverted by The Funday Pawpet Show, which usually runs on Sunday nights. The cast of the (Internet-based) show quickly gathered together that Tuesday night and did a live broadcast discussing the incident and calming people down. Both out of respect and the fact that it wasn't a 'show' per se, it was not recorded by the creators. The only known recording was viewer-made.
- Parodied on Late Night With Conan O'Brien; when the Winter Olympics in Nagano were on CBS against his show, Conan decided that they could do pretty much anything they wanted "because nobody's watching". Antics ensued, such as Conan and Andy smoking cigarettes, Conan revealing that he wore a Hanson t-shirt under his shirt and tie and confessing his hatred for the NBC logo in the corner of the screen by spraying it with bug spray, Max Weinberg confessing that he murdered Bruce Springsteen's drummer (and other people he didn't like), and Al Roker stopping by to confess that he had no interest in being a weatherman, and thought the job would lead to an acting career.
- During the fifteenth series of Top Gear, the trio knew that one of their episodes was going to go out against The World Cup Final on both BBC and ITV. Figuring no-one would be watching, they didn't put much effort into the episode, which didn't even include a Power Lap, although it did contain two Star-in-a-Reasonably-Priced-Car records being broken: Rubens Barrichello on the F1 leaderboard, and Rupert Grint in the Cee'd (and breaking the Liana and Lacetti records before it). The following week, Jeremy Clarkson admitted even he didn't watch that episode, as he was in Johannesburg at the final at the time. A similar thing happened again when they realized they were in a losing fight against BBC Sports Personality Of The Year.
- In Australia, immediately after an election is called, the leaders of the major parties are obliged to take part in a televised debate. Unfortunately, due to bad planning, the 2010 debate ran on the same night as the finale of MasterChef, the most watched programme in Australian TV history. Eventually, everyone decided to hold the debate before the MasterChef finale so people could watch both.note
- This was attempted in reverse by the George H.W. Bush campaign during the 1988 US presidential election. Fearing a poor debate performance against Michael Dukakis, the Bush campaign agreed to two televised debates—one to be scheduled against the Olympics and the other against baseball's National League Championship Series. The broadcast networks foiled this plan by quickly accommodating the debates in their schedules. NBC suspended their Olympic programming for an hour and a half, while ABC scheduled a late start for the baseball game, which was being played at Dodgers Stadium on the West Coast.
- Similarly, when it became apparent that Barack Obama's first State of the Union address would conflict with Lost's sixth season premiere, the president rescheduled. He reshuffled to accommodate the TV schedule again in September 2011 for a speech to Congress that had already been rescheduled once to appease the GOP (it had originally been set for the night of a Republican primary debate), which was shuffled again to an earlier time to avoid competing with the Saints/Packers season kickoff game. Needless to say, in Wisconsin and Louisiana? You didn't see that speech on NBC at all.
- NBC used The Monkees special 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee as this, scheduling it against the 1969 Academy Awards.
- For Election Day 2004, Cartoon Network repeated one episode of Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law. It was a thematically relevant Quick Draw McGraw episode, where Phil Ken Sebben runs for President thanks to support from The Guitar Lobby, but it was all they aired. All. Day. Long.
- British soap operas EastEnders and Coronation Street used to battle it out in the ratings, but now none of the soaps from the main three terrestrial channels run simultaneously. In fact, you can watch Hollyoaks, Emmerdale, Coronation Street, and then EastEnders one after another.
- For the last few years, every time football matches are broadcast, German network Pro 7 has put on a comedy marathon (The Simpsons, Two and a Half Men, How I Met Your Mother, The Big Bang Theory, etc. depending on the current day of the week).
- The BBC has played this along with a Take That!, going up against the Big Brother finale with an episode of Judge John Deed that utterly annihilates reality TV.
- Variant: Brazilian channel Record, which is owned by a massive church, did not get the 2014 FIFA World Cup broadcast rights. Instead, they aired religious movies/miniseries, and the channel president/church leader requested a "TV fasting" from his followers during the Cup; the church tried to cover up by saying the cause of such an attitude was a new temple instead of TV ratings, but it was obvious why.
- For a period, CTV counter-programmed Hockey Night in Canada on Saturday evenings with a marathon of The Big Bang Theory reruns (as if it doesn't get run enough by CTV and its sister networks to begin with) that it was dubbed Big Bang Night in Canada.
- For several years, the American Idol finale was a one-episode wrecking crew guaranteed to wipe out any competitor that dared to face it.
- After years of being on Sunday for such a reason, CBS decided that diminishing ratings for Idol finally made it safe to put the season finale of Survivor (resuming with Cagayan) on a weekday.
- On the UK Polling Day 2015, E4 broadcast 12 hours of an overweight man in an ill-fitting tshirt sitting in a white room swinging around on his chair to muzak, playing the pan-pipes badly and occasionally just reading a book in order to encourage young people to go out and vote.
- Just prior to the final episode of The Late Show with David Letterman (which aired on May 20, 2015 on CBS), Conan O'Brien told the audience some fond memories about Letterman's help during his early career, then advised the people watching his show at home during the opening monologue to switch over and watch the episode instead of his; this was an easy call as the shows only overlap by 25 minutes.
- Golf Channel tends to broadcast golf-related movies such as Tin Cup, The Legend of Bagger Vance and The Greatest Game Ever Played, or in some cases, a marathon of Feherty, when another channel is broadcasting coverage of a major tournament and there is no other event in a different tour going on.
- On a related note, the PGA Tour sometimes runs a No-Hoper Tournament, officially known as an "alternate event", against selected limited-field or major events, such as World Golf Championships events or majors, including the Sanderson Farms Championship (which currently counters the HSBC Champions, but has also countered the Masters and The Open in the past), the Puerto Rico Open, the Barracuda Championship (formerly the Reno–Tahoe Open, against the WGC-Bridgestone Invitational), and the Barbasol Championship (held against the Open Championship). As the field is weaker, these events award fewer points for the World Golf Ranking and FedEx Cup, and winners do not receive an invite to The Masters. However, players can still earn a two-year membership on the PGA Tour and an invite to the PGA Championship if they win, which is somewhat easier when all the top players are a little occupied. In 2016, the Barracuda Championship retroactively granted top-5 finishers an invite to the Open after the Greenbrier Championship was flooded out.
- In this SatireWire story, everyone is too busy watching the 2000 election recount to notice a reunion of The Beatles (including John Lennon), Israel and Palestine declaring peace, an a-bomb levelling China, Microsoft taking over the internet, or Jesus returning.
- When the Nickelodeon family of networks have their Worldwide Day of Play, they tend to suspend programming for a few hours so kids can "get up, go outside and play". Therefore, other kids' networks will air programming to entertain those who don't feel like going outside but want to watch something besides a static screen on any of the Nick channels, making Nick's tactic a bit useless, for at least a few hours. Take 2016 for instance:
- Disney Channel broadcast an airing of High School Musical opposite Fox's remake of The Rocky Horror Picture Show. This choice may have been an intentional joke on Disney's part, since Kenny Ortega was in both.
- NBC breaks out "Vintage" Saturday Night Live when they have absolutely nothing else to stick in the 10PM Saturday night slot or, for instance, against the World Series. These tend to be recent if planned - but if NBC's own intended sporting event is cancelled they break out the original-cast episodes from The '70s.
- When the final episode of The Cosby Show premiered, Fox countered it with an hourlong "Bart Bonanza" of two fan-favorite The Simpsons episodes, "Three Men and a Comic Book" and "Radio Bart". It ended with a short animation that has (despite never being shown again, even on the DVD's) proven to be Hilarious in Hindsight regarding the subsequent Seasonal Rot of The Simpsons.
- On the day of the first half of The Voice's eleventh season finale, all of Turner's channels decided to show different marathons to compete against it:
- TBS showed a marathon of Seth McFarlane's animated shows, which started at 2:00PM as opposed to their usual 5:00PM timeslot on Mondays.
- TNT showed The Wizard of Oz three times in a row.
- Cartoon Network once again showed a Teen Titans Go! marathon.
- Boomerang showed a marathon of Scooby-Doo films.
- This often happens during presidential inaugurations as well. For viewers not interested in watching it, the other channels will often show marathons or movies (or both). This mostly happens on children's channels, but sometimes networks of other genres do it as well. Case in point: During Donald Trump's inauguration, TBS aired a Family Guy marathon, and Food Network aired a marathon of Cake Wars.
- Another excuse to show marathons or movies on television is the annual 700 Club telethon, which preempts programming on all TBN-owned networks (except Smile of a Child) and Freeformnote . To entertain the viewers who otherwise would not be interested in the telethon (especially Freeform viewers, as the marathon takes over the Sunday movie marathon's timeslot), other channels will play marathons of their shows to compete with them, usually aimed at Freeform's teen demographic. Here's what happened in 2017:
- President's Day 2017 had a unique example of No Hoper. While almost every kids/youth network had a marathon of some sortnote , the biggest event to come out of any of them was the 200th episode of SpongeBob SquarePants. Meanwhile, on most of the other networks...
- Defied with HBO. Since their Sunday night lineup as of February 2017 (Big Little Lies, Girls and Crashing) conflicts with the Oscars, they made the newest episodes of each series available on their streaming services two days early, so fans wouldn't have to flip back and forth between them.
- Borderline example: When NBC premiered Despicable Me 2, ABC aired Over the Hedge on the same night, at the same time.
- During the Nickelodeon premiere of The Sponge Bob Movie Sponge Out Of Water, many kids' networks showed other things to compete against it:
- Kevin O'Keefe of Mic.com posits that one of the reasons (among many) that, in 2017, many shows that normally premiered in the summer instead delayed their premiers to the fall is because of this trope. Game of Thrones season 7 finished airing in August instead of June as usual, meaning that the whole summer was dominated by Game of Thrones coverage. This would mean that many critically acclaimed but less ubiquitous shows that normally do relatively well ratings-wise would likely be overshadowed by Game of Thrones.