“He is without question one of the most courageous men I have ever known. Fear was a stranger to him.”Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American author and Nobel Prize winner. Has written some of the most famous Prose Fiction in the English language. First 20th Century writer to get away with the word "fuck". Master of Beige Prose. Fought in World War I, covered the sequel. Wrestled lions. Flew airplanes. Caught big fish. Owned and loved a clowder of polydactyl cats. Made Mojitos and Daiquiris manly. Shot himself. Shortly before his suicide, claimed to a friend that the FBI was monitoring him. He was right.One of the most Memetic Badass writers in western literature. (Did you see the part about wrestling lions?) The Most Interesting Man in the World is pretty much an expy of him.
— Colonel “Buck” Lanham
- The Sun Also Rises (1927)
- A Farewell to Arms (1929)
- For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)
- The Old Man and the Sea (1951)
- A Moveable Feast (1964, posthumous)
- Death in the Afternoon
- Various short story anthologies, such as Men Without Women and The Snows of Kilimanjaro. Famous shorts include:
- "The Killers"
- "The Snows of Kilimanjaro"
- "Hills Like White Elephants"
Portrayals in Fiction
- The "Form and Void" arc of Cerebus the Aardvark has Cerebus and Jaka interacting with parodies of Hemingway and his fourth wife Mary. These are heavily based on Mary's diaries from their last safaris, when Hemingway was in poor health.
- Midnight in Paris (2011): Hemingway appears in a handful of scenes and steals the whole goddamn movie. Played by Corey Stoll.
- Hemingway & Gellhorn (2012) Covers his relationship with his third wife, journalist Martha Gellhorn. Played by Clive Owen.
- Papa Hemingway In Cuba (2015) Covers his life in Cuba and friendship with Denne Petticlerc. First movie filmed in Cuba since the revolution.
- In the Timeline-191 series, he's an ambulance driver during the equivalent of World War I as in real history, but is wounded in the groin and left with severe damage. He only writes a single non-fiction book before killing himself, this time taking his girlfriend with him.
- He appears in the "Best Foot Forward" episode of Forever at a party that Henry once attended. Apparently he once stole one of Henry's girlfriends.Ernest: This is Paris, Henry. You should be out, wandering these fair streets with a beautiful girl on your arm.
Henry: I did have a girl, Ernest, but she left me for a charming American novelist.
Ernest: Ah, yes, I seem to have forgotten her. Maybe you should, too.
- In Kenan & Kel, Kenan gets inspired by his biography and tries to set life goals for himself to feel complete
- An episode of Celebrity Deathmatch has WWF Wrestler Mankind (voiced by himself) allowed to fight anyone he wishes to the death, including already dead people thanks to their Celebrity Deathmatch Timemachine. Mankind choose to fight against and defeated Ernest Hemingway.
- HEMINGWAY WAS THE GREATEST is an incredibly crude, muscial short based on the author. Giving exaggerated descriptions of his manly exploits, most of which involve fighting animals before fucking them and then hunting them, he's also credited as liberating France, eating a sheet of glass, cutting off and eating his finger on a whim, and being the greatest author ever.Hemingway! Hemingway!
His way is the only way, Hemingway!
The other authors can run away!
Drink and fuck and punch and write and hunt and fish and box and fight!
- Appears in a Cutaway Gag in Family Guy sitting in heaven alongside Brian, Vincent van Gogh, and Kurt Cobain, lamenting that they all seemed to have died before their time. He and his fellow artists relate the poetic nature of their deaths related to their artistic genius; Brian awkwardly admits he just found some chocolate in the garbage.
- Portrayed in Animaniacs as having just sworn to "never put pen to paper again" after suffering an intense writer's block. Then he meets the Warner siblings, who just want him to sign for a delivery, and by the end of the episode he's become inspired to write again by adopting his famous Beige Prose.
Works by Hemingway with their own pages:
Other works by Hemingway contain examples of:
- Adaptation Expansion: Happens to the film versions - two so far, the second one infamously casting Ronald Reagan as the villain - of "The Killers," where the movies try to delve into the mysterious motives of two hitmen and their target that the short story brilliantly refuses to answer.
- Author Avatar: Nick Adams, a recurring character in Hemingway's short stories.
- Dying Dream: In "The Snows of Kilimanjaro".
- Elephant in the Living Room: "Hills Like White Elephants" follows a couple talking at a train station, with the man attempting to convince the woman to have an abortion. The actual nature of the operation he's pressing, however, and the reason for it, are conspicuously never mentioned.
- Footnote Fever: "A Natural History of the Dead" uses a footnote to further satirize the style of a history while making a sardonic statement about the extinction of "humanists" in modern society.
- Gay Paree: A Moveable Feast established Paris as the place to be for interwar American artists.
- Good Girls Avoid Abortion: While never stated directly, "Hills Like White Elephants" is about a couple discussing whether or not the woman should have an abortion: he wants her to, she doesn't but eventually agrees, saying she's willing to always do anything he wants. Nearly the entire story is dialogue without mentions of tone, gestures or thoughts, leaving the possibility for a lot of Alternative Character Interpretation (whether or not she's being angry or sarcastic at the end, for example).
- Great White Hunter: Robert Wilson in "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber".
- Manly Men Can Hunt: A central element of "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber". The wealthy Macomber takes his wife on a hunting trip and finds himself upstaged by the hunting guide, Robert Wilson. Macomber struggles to prove himself a competent hunter as his wife flirts openly with the more confident and masculine Wilson: he eventually succeeds in shooting a buffalo, but shortly after he is shot by his own wife. Hemingway leaves it open whether this second shooting is accidental or intentional.
- Noodle Incident: The frozen corpse of a leopard at the top of Mount Kilimanjaro ("The Snows of Kilimanjaro"). "No one knows quite what the leopard was doing up here." Probably not to be taken quite literally, as the top of Kilimanjaro turned out to be the "final destination" in a protagonist's Dying Dream.
- Signature Style: The "iceberg theory": leave out everything you can. This is a very polarizing style of writing, with people usually either calling Hemingway a genius or a terrible writer.
- Beige Prose: Simple and straightforward prose.
- Show, Don't Tell: Vivid physical descriptions and serious research avoid the topic at hand. "Hills Like White Elephants" is an argument about an operation. "Big Two-Hearted River" depicts a man focusing exclusively on fishing.
- Subtext/Fridge Brilliance: The actual point of the story is always left out. Sometimes the climax is too: "Out Of Season" ends before the twist.
- Those Two Bad Guys: "The Killers".