->''“He is without question one of the most courageous men I have ever known. Fear was a stranger to him.”''
-->'''Colonel “Buck” Lanham'''

American author and Nobel Prize winner. Has written some of the most famous ProseFiction in the English language. First 20th Century writer to get away with the word "fuck". Master of BeigeProse. Fought in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, [[IntrepidReporter covered]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the sequel]]. Wrestled lions. Flew airplanes. Caught big fish. Owned and loved a clowder of polydactyl cats. [[RealMenWearPink Made Mojitos and Daiquiris manly]]. [[AteHisGun Shot himself.]] Shortly before his suicide, claimed to a friend that the FBI was monitoring him. [[ProperlyParanoid He was right.]]

One of the most MemeticBadass writers in western literature. (Did you see the part about wrestling lions?) Advertising/TheMostInterestingManInTheWorld is pretty much an expy of him.


* ''Literature/TheSunAlsoRises'' (1927)
* ''Literature/AFarewellToArms'' (1929)
* ''Literature/ForWhomTheBellTolls'' (1940)
* ''Literature/TheOldManAndTheSea'' (1951)
* ''A Moveable Feast'' (1964, posthumous)
* ''Death in the Afternoon''
* Various short story anthologies, such as ''Men Without Women'' and ''The Snows of Kilimanjaro''. Famous shorts include:
** "The Killers"
** "The Snows of Kilimanjaro,"
** "Hills Like White Elephants"

!! Portrayals In Fiction:

* The "Form and Void" arc of ''ComicBook/CerebusTheAardvark'' has Cerebus and Jaka interacting with parodies of Hemingway and his fourth wife Mary. These are heavily based on Mary's diaries from their last safaris, when Hemingway was in poor health.

* ''Film/MidnightInParis'' (2011): Hemingway appears in a handful of scenes and steals the whole goddamn movie. Played by Corey Stoll.
* ''Film/HemingwayAndGellhorn'' (2012) Covers his relationship with his third wife, journalist Martha Gellhorn. Played by Clive Owen.
* ''Film/PapaHemingwayInCuba'' (2015) Covers his life in Cuba and friendship with Denne Petticlerc. First movie filmed in Cuba since the revolution.

* In the ''Literature/{{Timeline 191}}'' series, he's an ambulance driver during the equivalent of World War I as in real history, but is wounded in the groin and left with severe damage. He only writes a single non-fiction book before killing himself, this time taking his girlfriend with him.

* He appears in the "Best Foot Forward" episode of ''Series/{{Forever}}'' at a party that Henry once attended. Apparently he once stole one of Henry's girlfriends.
-->'''Ernest''': This is Paris, Henry. You should be out, wandering these fair streets with a beautiful girl on your arm.\\
'''Henry''': I did have a girl, Ernest, but she left me for a charming American novelist.\\
'''Ernest''': Ah, yes, I seem to have forgotten her. Maybe you should, too.
!!Associated Tropes:

* AdaptationExpansion: Happens to the film versions - two so far, the second one infamously casting UsefulNotes/RonaldReagan as the villain - of "The Killers," where the movies try to delve into [[NoodleIncident the mysterious motives]] of two hitmen ''and'' their target that the short story brilliantly refuses to answer.
* AuthorAvatar: Nick Adams, a recurring character in Hemingway's short stories.
* BeastlyBloodsports: Hemingway was a big fan of bullfighting. Metaphysically, he considered the deliberate danger that a matador puts himself in as symbolic of the essence of life as a whole. Naturally, this symbolism cropped up frequently in his works.
* BeigeProse[=/=]BoringButPractical: Hemingway's stylistic trademark.
* BrokenAce: Most of his protagonists. Manliness was an overarching theme in many of his works. He often explored the topic through [[SubvertedTrope subversions]], [[DeconstructedTrope deconstructions]], and perhaps a few [[ReconstructedTrope reconstructions]] of TheAce. To wit:
** ''Literature/TheSunAlsoRises'': Jake Barnes' struggles with traditional masculinity after UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne is one of the [[CentralTheme central themes]] of the book. Comes with a pretty [[TheLoinsSleepTonight symbolic injury]] as well.
** ''Literature/AFarewellToArms'': Frederic Henry is probably one of the most straightforward examples of TheAce in Hemingway's bibliography, bordering on TestosteronePoisoning, yet he still can't find happiness after he leaves the war behind, as symbolized by the major DownerEnding of [[ItWasHisSled Catherine and his child's death.]]
** ''Literature/ForWhomTheBellTolls'': Robert Jordan is a {{badass}} DemolitionsExpert and [[LaResistance partisan]] in the SpanishCivilWar, but has also led an entirely empty and lonely life since his father [[DrivenToSuicide killed himself]]. He doesn't even realize the depths of his loneliness until he's dragged out of it by the new family he finds amongst the partisans he's sent to work with. [[spoiler: But the same work that sent him to the partisans is eventually what gets him killed.]]
** ''Literature/TheOldManAndTheSea'': The last book Hemingway ever saw published himself was also fittingly his last [[BittersweetEnding bittersweet]] reconstruction of his philosophy of manhood. Santiago catches the fish, but it [[SenselessSacrifice gets eaten by sharks]] and [[spoiler: [[MentorOccupationalHazard it's implied he dies at the end]]]]. Nevertheless, he still passes his lessons on to the boy, and most importantly, [[DoomedMoralVictor the fish never beat him]]. His DoomedMoralVictor status is even cemented by a literary CrucifiedHeroShot.
* DownerEnding: Not a lot of his heroes end up happy at the end of the story. [[spoiler:Not a lot of them end up alive, either.]]
* FriendlyRivalry: Was in one with fellow writer FScottFitzgerald. Fitzgerald admired Hemingway's style: Hemingway admired Fitzgerald's lifestyle.
* NoodleIncident: The frozen corpse of a leopard at the top of Mount Kilimanjaro ("The Snows of Kilimanjaro"). "No one knows quite what the leopard was doing up here."
* RatedMForManly: Hemingway was the epitome of manhood, as described above.
* SignatureStyle: The "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceberg_Theory iceberg theory]]": leave out everything you can. This is a [[LoveItOrHateIt very polarizing]] style of writing, with people usually either calling Hemingway a genius or a terrible writer.
** BeigeProse: Simple and straightforward prose.
** ShowDontTell: Vivid physical descriptions and [[ShownTheirWork serious research]] avoid the topic at hand. "[[GoodGirlsAvoidAbortion Hills Like White Elephants]]" is an argument about an operation. "[[ShellShockedVeteran Big Two-Hearted River]]" depicts a man focusing exclusively on fishing.
** {{Subtext}}/FridgeBrilliance: The actual point of the story is ''always'' left out. Sometimes the climax is too: "Out Of Season" ends before [[DrivenToSuicide the twist]].
* WriteWhatYouKnow: He wrote about UsefulNotes/WorldWarI where he served as an ambulance driver and the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar where he was present as a journalist. He also wrote stories about hunting, fishing and boxing, all things he had personal experience with.