"Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored"
—Julia Ward Howe, "The Battle Hymn of the Republic"
1939 novel by John Steinbeck, winner of the 1940 Pulitzer Prize. The book makes a strong political statement (of the social liberal kind), and is pretty much the antithesis of anything by Ayn Rand. The story follows a poor family from Oklahoma hit by the dust bowl that travel all the way to California (losing the grandparents along the way) to find jobs on farms. Sadly, they discover that work conditions are horrid and farms are overpopulated and people are paid poorly. The themes of the book made it very controversial in its day, and it is still divisive today. What isn't denied is that the book was extremely influential.Adapted into a filma year after it was published. It was directed by John Ford and starred Henry Fonda, in what is considered to be among the finest works from both legends.
Aerith and Bob: The Joad family: Tom, Sr. (Pa), Uncle John, Tom, Al, Noah, Ruthie, Winfield... and Rose of Sharon.
The Alleged Car: The Joad's car, and pretty much every one that the Okies use to go to California.
Animal Motifs: The book version has in its third chapter a tortoise trying to cross a road and getting run over by a truck. In the fourth chapter, we meet Jim Casy, who's described as having a "long head" and a "beaked" nose.
Bad Cop/Incompetent Cop: Well, definitely the former half of it. The book attempts a justification: in California at this time, they were paid per arrest, with no deduction for arresting the wrong person.
Barefoot Poverty: The tractor driver said that his youngest kid never had any shoes.
Actually they leave the camp and move on after Tom takes leave. The film has a more ambiguous hopeful ending, leaving their fates up to interpretation.
Hatedom: Jaw-droppingly vehement. They even had book-burnings for a while.
Honest John's Dealership: A chapter describes a car dealership that sells old, crappy cars at outrageous prices to the migrating farmers.
Inherent in the System: Chasing the tenants off their land is something nobody really wants, but yet it's done, because the financial system doesn't allow an alternative.
The bank is something else than men. It happens that every man in a bank hates what the bank does, and yet the bank does it. The bank is something more than men, I tell you. It's the monster. Men made it, but they can't control it.
Iron Lady: Ma Joad She exemplifies all the traits but, most importantly, manages to hold the family together through sheer force of will alone. Mellower than most examples, see below trope.
Just Following Orders: The tractor driver who talks to Muley Graves notes that Graves' anger to him for betraying his people is all very well, but he has a family to feed as well; if he quits in outrage, all that'll happen is the banks will hire someone else to do his job, and he and his family will merely end up starving along with everyone else.
Ludd Was Right: Zig-zagged. The farmers are driven away from their lands because a man with a tractor can do the work of a dozen families. Working the land with tractors is described negatively; people lose contact with the land, and become machine-like, unfeeling, uncaring. However, it's later stated that the real problem is not technology, but that the people who work the land don't own it.
Is a tractor bad? Is the power that turns the long furrows wrong? If this tractor were ours it would be good—not mine, but ours. If our tractor turned the long furrows of our land, it would be good. Not my land, but ours. We could love that tractor then as we have loved this land when it was ours.
My Greatest Failure: In the book, John's wife had died years before after what he'd dismissed as a stomachache turned out to be much more serious. His every action is driven by remorse and atonement, and his self-hatred is such that even other characters consider it Wangst.
Uncle John shook his head over his plate. "Don't look like we're a-gonna get shet of this here. I bet it's my sin."
"Oh, shut up!" Pa cried. "We ain't got the time for your sin."
No Ending: Tom is gone, a fugitive, and what's left of the Joad family is still in California, their fate uncertain.
The Promised Land: California. Subverted in the fact that everyone else had the same idea of going there, and the Okies are blocked from getting anything decent out of it, forcing them to settle with labor camps.
Punch Clock Villain: virtually every baddie. Discussed in a tragicomic scene where a fellow forced off his farm tries to figure out who he should shoot in revenge.
Rabble Rouser: The corrupt Sheriff's department sends agitators to try to cause a riot at the government-run workers' camp. The workers spot the agitators and see them off without trouble.
Secretly Wealthy: Two unnamed characters discuss this trope. The conversation mostly serves to highlight how ridiculous the trope sounded during the Great Depression, when a substantial part of the population had trouble affording food.
Shoo Out the Clowns: As the Great Depression starts hitting the Joads, it's Tom's bumbling, senile grandparents who are the first to die.
What Happened to the Mouse?: Noah Joad in the movie. In the book he decides he cares more about the river the family stops by than the family cares for him and leaves, in the movie the scene is still present but the aforementioned part is not, and Noah simply vanishes.
What Is Evil?: Casy provides a rare heroic example. He believes in helping others, but he's no longer so certain that there's anything wrong with, say, free love.