Graham Arthur Chapman
(January 8, 1941 — October 4, 1989) was an English comedy writer and actor known for his work with Monty Python
. Fans will recognize Chapman from his roles as King Arthur in Monty Python and the Holy Grail
and Brian in Monty Pythons Life Of Brian
, as well as his involvement in countless now-classic sketches in Monty Python's Flying Circus
. Alongside John Cleese
(his long-time collaborator, whom he met at Cambridge), Chapman co-wrote "The Parrot Sketch", one of the most beloved comedy routines in British culture, if not the English language as a whole. Cleese recalls that Graham would sit silently through long writing sessions, before suddenly introducing an idea so absurd that it changed the course of the sketch. While not exactly the easiest person to work with, Cleese and the other Pythons all acknowledged that Chapman had a great instinct for what made something funny - or even funnier. Somewhat counter-intuitively, one of his most memorable characters was that of an army Colonel who cut narratives short for being "far too silly".
Chapman was a physician, which (like many of his fellow Pythons) made him vastly over-educated for his primary line of work. He was also an alcoholic
, and ultimately gave up drinking in 1977. During the seventies he admitted publicly that he was homosexual
, and began to speak out for LGBT rights.
He died of throat cancer in 1989, the day before the 20th anniversary of the first broadcast of Flying Circus
(Terry Jones called this "the worst case of party-pooping in all history"). His memorial service
can be found on YouTube
; emotionally fragile Tropers who love Python would do well to avoid the video altogether. Despite turning his funeral into a celebrity roast, which the Pythons all insist he would have enjoyed right down to John Cleese saying "good riddance to him, the free loading bastard", some sources claim that Cleese was deeply saddened by Chapman's death and had to be escorted out by hospital physicians when he passed away.
Graham Chapman is known for the following works:
Tropes associated with him include:
- Acting for Two: He played many of the characters in the Monty Python movies.
- The Alcoholic: He quit before filming Life Of Brian.
- The Cameo: He appears in Iron Maiden's music video as an art teacher who hates his student's modern creations, then gets tormented by their mascot Eddie. He's the best part of the video, by far.
- Comically Serious: Perhaps his greatest talent, playing the straightlaced King Arthur and Brian Cohen while surrounded by insanity, and making it all the funnier by contrast.
- The Disease That Shall Not Be Named: Because AIDS was taboo and associated primarily with gay men at the time of Chapman's death, many people incorrectly assumed that he died from AIDS or that reports of his cancer were just a cover-up or euphemism.
- Distinguished Gentleman's Pipe: His preferred way to smoke.
- The Fun in Funeral: John Cleese quoted "The Parrot Sketch" at Chapman's funeral ("Graham Chapman has ceased to be ..."), and went on to say that Chapman would never have forgiven him if he hadn't done so.
: ...and I want to be the first person, at a British memorial service, to say 'fuck'
- Hair-Trigger Temper: According to Michael Palin on Parkinson, Graham was angry because he was gay at a time when it was quite difficult to be gay and was frustrated most of the time.
- Full-Frontal Assault: His nude scene in Life Of Brian.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With John Cleese.
- Jerk with a Heart of Gold: During the filming of Monty Python and The Holy Grail, Graham would get drunk and start yelling abuse at the cast and crew. Bernard McKenna, who co-wrote the film Oddjob with him, said he was a nightmare to work with.
- Manly Gay: He described himself as "a great raging pouffe, but a butch one, with a pipe" and enjoyed such pursuits as mountain-climbing and rugby.
- Straight Gay: Chapman frequently played straight characters, including some who were adamant gay-bashers. He also, ironically, frequently played the Straight Man to other, more outlandish characters played by the other Pythons (when not playing outlandish characters himself). In one sketch, the words "Straight Man" flash on the screen in large green block letters as his character is shown.