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A series of Alternate History science fiction novels by S.M. Stirling, consisting thus far of The Sky People and In The Courts of the Crimson Kings. A Reconstruction of classic Planetary Romance novels and tropes for the modern audience, the novels explore a world built around a simple concept: what if Mars and Venus really were approximately like we envisioned them before all that boring reality got in the way?
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As scientific observation of our nearest planetary neighbors intensifies during the early 20th century, it becomes clear that both worlds have oxy-nitrogen atmospheres much like our own. By 1948, the possibility of life on both is so strong that the Space Race kicks in early and keeps going, radically altering political history from that point on as the Cold War begins to lose importance and military spending is diverted to exploration. And when the Russians finally land a probe on the surface of Venus in 1962, the first image its cameras send back is of a dinosaur-infested jungle. And the second image is of a beautiful blonde woman in a Fur Bikini being chased by a savage horde of neanderthals.

Two months later, when the American Viking probe tells us about the canal-building biotech-using humanoid Martians, the race to land on both worlds shifts into high gear.

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But once contact has been made and permanent scientific studies begin, oddities begin to creep up. For one thing, the humans of Venus are entirely too human to be a product of parallel evolution — a conclusion reinforced by the simultaneous discoveries that some tribes speak a language clearly descended from Indo-European, and that only two hundred million years ago the planet was an uninhabitable acid-veiled hothouse, becoming Earthlike practically in the blink of an eye as far as the cosmic time scale goes.

As evidence mounts that someone has been tinkering with the worlds of the solar system for millions of years, continuing right into the last few millennia, the question humanity must ask is: Who are the Lords of Creation, and what do they intend for their great multiplanetary experiment?

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Not to be confused with Lords of Creation, a very weird role-playing game published in the mid-Eighties.


This series provides examples of:

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     Series 
  • Aliens Never Invented Democracy: Downplayed as the "aliens" are all human transplants, but earth is the only planet with any form of democracy. Mars has a centuries old stagnant monarchy and Venus is just clawing its way out of tribalism.
  • Alternate History: Explored in the chapter breaks. People have suspected that Mars and Venus were inhabited for centuries, but the dawn of space travel gave them proof. The political situation on Earth is less volatile after life is discovered on the other planets, but the Cold War has been exported to Venus and Mars.
  • Amazonian Beauty: Both the female protagonists.
  • Amazon Chaser: Both of the human male protagonists, though for different reasons. Both the female protagonists fit the trope in different ways.
  • Ancient Astronauts: The titular Lords of Creation have been mucking about in the Sol System for tens of millions of years.
  • Badass Bookworm: Every Earth person not actually on Earth, as you have to be this just to qualify for the space program.
  • Casual Interplanetary Travel: Averted; Space travel and colonisation is so expensive only the superpowers can afford it, using up the resources that would otherwise be spent on the East/West arms race or Third World conflict.
    • The fact that Mars has Bio Tech that can be used in trade goes a long way in justifying this trope.
  • Cosmic Horror Story: Downplayed but it's there. The Sol system has been the playground of an alien species and telescopes have picked up superstructures in the Galaxy; we are definitely not alone.
  • Humans Are White: Averted; the Americans are ethnically diverse and so are the Eastern Bloc representatives. Neither of the human protagonists are white.
  • Human Subspecies: The Venusians are human, or can at least breed with Earthlings. The Martians have genetically engineered themselves to hell and have a Fantastic Caste System, but are still close enough to find humans attractive (though most see us as uncultured, gluttonous dwarves that practically ooze sweat). There are even some Neanderthals around!
  • Indo-European Alien Language: Justified as the humans living on venus and mars have had their language evolve and change over time.
  • Lost Technology: All over the place, in the form of the Lords of Creations' stuff, but also the fact that the Martians are said to have lost a great deal of their own biotech.
  • No Biochemical Barriers: Justified as all flora and fauna, micro and macro, is ultimately Earth derived, still there is parallel evolution so unique diseases and allergies do show up.
  • Planetary Romance: Lots. The whole series is basically an attempt to Justify the genre with some real science.
    • The Moon doesn't seem to be inhabited, nor Mercury or the larger local gas giant moons.
  • Precursors: the Lords of Creation, except that it seems they're not so much Pre- as Presentcursors. They're also neglectful, as something has gone wrong with their monitoring system and its "schedule" for the three worlds.
  • Sequel Gap: the first two books were released within two years of each other any hints of a third book have yet to appear.
  • Shout-Out: Tons. Mostly to Edgar Rice Burroughs, but several to other sources.
    • Teesa's dead former mate, Jondlar.
    • The zeppelin Vepaja is named after the major friendly nation on Burroughs' Venus.
    • Scrat, of all rodents, has a cameo on Venus.
    • Christopher Blair. Wing Commander Christopher Blair no less.
    • Rodents of Unusual Size are found in the caverns under Olympus. Mind you, the "unusual" size is small. The issue is that there thousands of them.
    • A Scream Out: "Hey, that's a stereotype. Like the unemotional half-Martian Science Officer on the Federation Starship New Frontier..."
      • Even in our world, Spock was almost a Martian. The green makeup tested better on Nimoy than the red.
      • There's also a moment where someone says, "Resistance is futile," and one of his hearers grumbles, "Now he's quoting from a New Frontier episode...."
    • The title "In The Court of the Crimson Kings" is a shout-out to the band King Crimson, and their album In the Court of the Crimson King
    • The convention scene in the opening chapter of "Courts of the Crimson Kings" which features just about every significant science-fiction author of the time.
    • The "very weird dig" in Arizona that was the only exciting thing to happen to Jeremy Wainman before he went to Mars appears to be the cave in which John Carter's body lay during his first astral trip to Barsoom.
    • When the excavating party are attacked by feral engines, there are 42 of them, and the description of them sounds a lot like larger versions of H.G. Wells' Martians. (It's even mentioned that if bred with too much intelligence, they'd try to escape. Escape to Earth, perhaps?)
    • Martians have their wounds close up so fast they might as well be Fremen
  • Single-Biome Planet: Averted sort of; Mars has several varieties of "cold and dry", for example. Venus is like Earth only wetter and more tropical.
  • Transplanted Humans: To both Venus and Mars, combined with Human Subspecies. Given that the main Terrens are all scientists, this is Discussed to Jove and back. The jury's still out on the other planets in Sol.
  • Zeppelins from Another World: Used by the Earthling explorers on Venus and, in slightly more fantastical airship form, by the native Martians.

     The Sky People 
  • All Animals Are Domesticated: Double Subverted The others are not happy about Marc Vitrac raising a great wolf pup as a pet, thinking it will turn on him when it grows up. However Marc is well aware of the history of domestication and has owned dogs before and knows how to break one to bridle.
  • Always Chaotic Evil: The Neanderthals of Venus are presented as undiluted vile and filthy creatures.
    • Though they're only seen from the viewpoints of their enemies and/or victims.
    • At one point a group of Neanderthals give their lives so the women and children can escape, and the main characters reflect that they might have misjudged them.
  • Artistic License – Paleontology:
    • Justified in that the Lords of Creation seeded Venus with Earthly lifeforms two hundred million years ago, and have been coming back and adding new batches of Earthly life roughly every two million years since then, including human specimens only a few thousand years ago; with no mass extinction on Venus, dinosaurs coexist semi-peacefully with critters from every era since. The harsher Martian climate, coupled with extensive bioengineering, averts this.
    • Invoked In-Universe when an actual palaeontologist examines some fossils (and the surrounding rock) and realizes that what she's seeing isn't possible.
  • Bamboo Shamboo Technology: Space travel is EXPENSIVE, which means the Venusian colonists have to make do with bronze age materials for their equipment wherever they can.
  • Big Creepy-Crawlies: Justified, The combination of lower gravity and higher oxygen pressure on Venus allows insects to grow to the size of Chihuahuas.
  • Death World: Venus and Mars are this to earthlings. They don't all die and the native humans have adapted somewhat but Everything Trying to Kill You is in full effect.
  • Dark-Skinned Blonde: Teesa and the rest of the Cloud Mountain People have olive skin and light blonde hair. The Venusians of Kartahown and its surroundings are mostly dark-haired, but some are either this or Dark-Skinned Redhead.
  • Domesticated Dinosaurs: With a liberal dose of Cyborg thanks to Neural Implanting. It's routine to the point that a non-specialist can carry out the operation.
  • Everything's Better with Dinosaurs: Oh yes, the Stock Dinosaurs have survived and differentiated into much larger species thanks to the low gravity and high oxygen.
  • Frazetta Man: The Wergu, which are Neanderthals by all appearances.
  • Giving Radio to the Romans: The Venusians get bows and arrows, plus steel-smelting technology from the humans. Discussed as there's some concern about exactly where this is going to lead. Some of the native priest cast don't like it, and sic a mob on some humans who are caught photographing a sacred site.
  • Jungle Opera: The entirety of the Venus book is a send up to this genre as it is others.
  • Lost World: The entire planet of Venus.
  • The Mole: Christopher Blair.
  • The Native Rival: Downplayed as the native is the younger brother of the female protagonists mate. His death means the younger brother moves up in position. Then the earth protagonist arrives and his position is threatened. He does end up hooking up with a female from earth though.
  • Nubile Savage: Teesa of the Cloud Mountain People.
  • Stock Dinosaurs: The species that flourished on Venus happen to be all the popular ones, like triceratops.
  • Stone Punk: Venus's Hat, being transplanted into a plant full of giant man-eating monsters can't do much for technological development.
  • Venus: Like Mars, it has all the basic features of the actual Venus, up until about two hundred million years ago.
  • Venus Is Wet: Played With, the entire planet is covered in jungles, but there are different types of jungles along with flood plains and mountains and more.
  • Universal Translator: Deconstructed, the Neural Implanting used to break through the language barrier could have driven the target haplessly mad if it had gone wrong. Mark is not happy when he finds out.

     In The Courts of the Crimson Kings 
  • Adventurer Archaeologist: Lampshaded and played straight in The Courts of the Crimson Kings with earthling protagonist Jeremy Wainman.
  • All Animals Are Domesticated: Deconstructed with Martian fauna where the Genetic Engineering Is the New Nuke means that the surviving animals on the Death World are more dangerous then they would be otherwise. Standout examples are feral engines and toolusing dinosaurs that are descended from hunting dogs.
  • Archaeological Arms Race: This trope is name dropped when discussing the United states interest in the architectural ruins of mars.
  • Awesome Moment of Crowning: the Invisible Crown of the Tollamune Emperors supplies its own awesomeness, but the official ceremony is pretty darn impressive.
  • Biotech Is Better: Discussed, given how resource poor Mars is, Biotechnology is an adequate solution and they've achieved things that Earth humans are only now learning from. Sill, it was Earthlings that developed space travel and showed up on the Martian doorstep.
  • Chess Motifs: Subverted in that atanj, the Martian chess-like game from which many a motif is drawn, is vastly more complex than mere Earthly chess. With ships, merchants, boycotters, bribes, the possibility of pieces defecting on their own, as many as eight players, and the use of dice, it's more like Dungeons & Dragons in some ways.
  • Cultural Posturing: Martians, antagonists and protagonists, are very fond of pointing out how advanced they were while Earth humans were hunter-gatherers. The problem is that they haven't moved beyond that.
  • Deadly Decadent Court: The City That Is A Mountain is made of this trope.
  • Desert Planet: Played With, as Mars is much colder and drier than Earth but the people have adapted to it and there are several varieties of cold and dry.
  • Desert Punk: Mars combines this with Bio Punk.
  • Domesticated Dinosaurs: Some were turned into hunting dog equivalents.
  • Exactly What It Says on the Tin / Names to Run Away from Really Fast: Two pirate vessels in Crimson Kings are called "Robbery With Armed Violence" and "Insensately Vicious Plunderer".
  • Exotic Equipment: It's mentioned that the Teyud and Jeremy have physical differences that they need to work around, which only tests their inventiveness. The Martian scientist who examines him later seems rather squicked out by these differences though.
  • Fartillery: The methane-powered living rifles of the Martians probably count; things like this are expected when you base your ordinance off of biotech.
  • Guns vs. Swords: Lampshaded in the prologue of the second book. The first pictures from Mars show the inhabitants are armed with firearms and swords. Some speculate that it's due to a code of honor, but it's pointed out that it would give the cheaters too much of an advantage. It turns out Martians use biotechnology guns that are slow to reload, so they need to have a backup weapon handy in the interim.
  • Human Chess: Atanj, the Martian version, see above.
  • IKEA Erotica: Happens due to the nature of the Martian language. "I request more energetic intromission, emphatic tense!" is the closest you can get to talking dirty.
  • Lawyer-Friendly Cameo: All the science fiction writers gathered to watch the Mars probe images in the second novel's prologue.
    • A justified example: New Frontier is this universe's version of Star Trek, and is fundamentally somewhat different due to differences in world culture, but is every bit as influential as it is in our world.
  • Mars: Explicitly still "our" Mars, though with more water imported by the Precursors. Things like gravity and the damage the sun can do to you still apply, as does the orbital period for working out people's ages.
  • Mars Wants Chocolate: Inverted; martian spices are one of the reasons NASA still has funding for their missions. PlayedStreight in that chocolate is still apreciated.
  • Once-Green Mars: Played With, as are so many tropes. There used to be much more ecological diversity on Mars, but the Lords of Creation failed to check in and it slowly became the desert that it is now.
    • A lot of the brown color comes from the grass that is one of the reasons for the main reasons for the continued breathable atmosphere. It's a bedrock for the planet's entire ecology.
  • Organic Technology: Deconstructed. Martians rely on this, in the absence of major metal and fossil fuel resources. Almost all technology more complicated than a sword is biological, to a very high level, with living guns (recharging after firing takes time, which is why swords are not obsolete), living engines to supplement the sailpower of desert-crossing wheeled ships, rugs that crawl onto your feet to warm them, giant creatures that eat rocks and vomit road-paving material. However, Stirling points out that it requires food and oxygen, as well as being less durable than metal. It is useful enough that some of it has been imported by Earth.
  • Our Better Is Different: For Martians people strive to achieve Harmony, which is where everyone is subservient and answerable to the authority of the Crimson Throne and there is no banditry or wastefulness.
    • This is hard for the Western block humans to wrap their heads around but easier for eastern block humans.
  • Position of Literal Power: Justified as the leaders of non earth planets have their authority typed to ancient machinery that recognizes them as on site administrators to the systems.
  • Royal Blood: Justified by the Invisible Crown and the Ruby Throne, which scan your DNA and kill you if you don't have the Tollamune genome. Given that the instrumentalities of both are vital to keeping Mars viable in the long term, the Tollamunes themselves have come to regret the system.
    • Venus has a similar if more diffuse system.
  • Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness: Martian Demotic is an extremely precise, detailed, and blunt language.
  • Spare to the Throne: Enforced Mars court politics is such that courtiers want the stagnation to continue over a new and vital monarch, additionally as the Genome must be kept "pure" any possible half bloods are usually aborted. Also having an heir before your a hundred is seen as being unconfident of your position.
    • Teyud's mother went through hell and high water to ensure she was born.
  • Spice of Life: The martian language does not distinguish between spices and what terrans would call 'hard drugs'.
  • Statuesque Stunner: Common among high caste female Martians. Anyone under six feet is treated with scorn.
  • Swashbuckler: Mars has quite a few of these
  • That Makes Me Feel Angry: A hat of the Martians thanks to the grammar of Demotic.
  • They Call Me Mister Tibbs: Up to Eleven in Martian Demotic. A human Eastern-bloc ambassador nearly suffers a nasty fate when he refers to their "fraternal aid" to the Martian Emperor, implying a blood relationship where none exists.
  • Vertical Kidnapping: "'''FERAL ENGINES!'''"
  • Vestigial Empire: The Tollamune emperors once ruled all of Mars. By the time of the story they are reduced to ruling the territory around their capital at Olympus Mons, where all the old court officials and functionaries continue, though largely without actual functions.

Alternative Title(s): In The Courts Of The Crimson Kings, The Sky People

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