Patrick George Troughton (25 March 1920 28 March 1987) was an English actor, best known for playing the Second Doctor in the TV series Doctor Who. He was in the Royal Navy during the Second World War. He was the first actor to play the folk hero Robin Hood on television.
Troughton was known largely for his comedic roles before playing the Doctor, and thus decided to play the character differently from William Hartnell: the stern but caring grandfather was replaced by a clownish eccentric. This established a major factor to the show's popularity: the idea that regeneration not only changed the Doctor's appearance, but elements of his personality as well, allowing each actor who played the Doctor to put their own mark on the character. Hartnell fully endorsed Troughton's casting, reportedly saying that "there is one man in Britain who can take over [the role of the Doctor] and that's Patrick Troughton."
Troughton left the role after three years alongside co-stars Frazer Hines and Wendy Padbury out of fear of being typecast and from pressure from his wife note . It would be over 40 years until the entire cast changed at once again. He retained a life-long affiliation with the programme, returning to play the Doctor three more times in various special episodes ("The Three Doctors", "The Five Doctors" and "The Two Doctors"). By extent, he is also the actor who reprised his role for televised multi-Doctor specials most often, beating runner-up Jon Pertwee ("The Five Doctors" and "Dimensions in Time" ) by one storynote . Matt Smith, the Eleventh Doctor, cites Troughton as an inspiration for his version of the character, and it shows. Troughton advised Peter Davison to limit his time to three seasons in order to avoid being typecast as the Doctor, and the rule has since been followed by David Tennant, Matt Smith, Peter Capaldi and Jodie Whittaker (Davison's other successors left the role before three seasons for various reasons, mostly external circumstances). He spoke out in favour of a female incarnation of the Doctor many decades before the Thirteenth Doctor was cast.
He died of a heart attack at the Magnum Opus Con II Science Fiction convention in America, after ignoring the advice of his doctors who had told him not to go. He had two daughters and four sons. Many of his sons and grandsons have followed in his footsteps and become actors. His son David has made two significant Doctor Who appearances, as King Peladon in the Third Doctor story "The Curse of Peladon" and as Professor Hobbes in the Tenth Doctor episode "Midnight" (in addition to minor roles elsewhere throughout the series, the first two of which were during his father's tenure), whilst his other son Michael appeared in the 2014 Christmas special. David's son, Sam Troughton, is best known as Much in the 2006 BBC Robin Hood series. The son of Patrick's daughter Joanna (Don't bring up her father if you meet Jo as she had cut off all contact with him years before his death and they were never reconciled), Harry Melling, is best known as Dudley Dursley in the Harry Potter films. (Alice Troughton, who has directed several episodes of Doctor Who, is not a close relative of his.)
Works this actor has appeared in:
- Hamlet (1948) — Player King
- Treasure Island (1950) — Roach
- Richard III (1955) — Tyrell
- The Phantom of the Opera (1962) — The Rat Catcher
- Jason and the Argonauts (1963) — Phineas
- The Gorgon (1964) — Inspector Kanof
- Scars of Dracula (1970) — Klove
- Frankenstein and the Monster from Hell (1974) — Bodysnatcher
- The Omen (1976) — Father Brennan
- Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger (1977) — Melanthius
- Robin Hood: 6 episodes (1953) — Robin Hood
- Danger Man episodes:
- "Bury the Dead" (1960) — "Bart" Bartello
- "The Lonely Chair" (1960) — Brenner
- The Saint episodes:
- "The Romantic Matron" (1963) — Police Inspector
- "Interlude in Venice" (1966) — Inspector Guido Gambetti
- Z Cars episodes:
- "Inside Job" (1964) — Jack Carter
- "Pressure of Work" (1973) — Bob Parker
- 2 episodesshow list (1975) — Councillor Barwell
- Doctor Who:
- The Six Wives of Henry VIII: 5 episodes (1970) — Duke of Norfolk
- Doomwatch: episode "In the Dark" (1971) — Lyon McArthur / Alan McArthur
- Out of the Unknown: episode "The Chopper" (1971) — Jimmy Reed
- The Persuaders!: episode "The Old, the New, and the Deadly" (1971) — Count Marceau
- Jason King : episode "That Isn't Me, It's Somebody Else" (1972) — Bennett
- Coronation Street: 4 episodes (1974) — George Barton
- The Sweeney: episode "Hit and Run" (1975) — Reg Crofts
- Survivors: episode "Parasites" (1976) — John Millen
- The Feathered Serpent: 12 episodes (1976-78) — Nasca
- All Creatures Great And Small: episode "Hair of the Dog" (1980) — Roddy
- The Box Of Delights: 3 episodes (1984) — Cole Hawlings
- Inspector Morse: episode "The Dead of Jericho" (1987) — George Jackson
Tropes associated with this actor's work include:
- Follow the Leader: Peter Davison, Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy, David Tennant, Matt Smith and Peter Capaldi are all big fans of the Second Doctor, and even Tom Baker has admitted that his performance as the Fourth Doctor was partially inspired by Troughton's. Troughton also chose to reinvent the Doctor rather than portray him as Hartnell did, something which all subsequent actors who took the role of the Doctor have done as well.
- Money, Dear Boy: At first, he was reluctant to take over from William Hartnell as the Doctor, but he had a large family and the prospect of long-term work was too good to pass up.
- Throw It In: Troughton loved to improvise and improve the script on the fly.
- Trope Maker: For The Nth Doctor. His decision to play his incarnation of the Doctor very differently from William Hartnell's (mostly out of worry that this whole "regeneration" business wouldn't work) helped to bring about the idea that a change of actor allows the Doctor to be played in a new way.
- Vitriolic Best Buds: Had this dynamic with Jon Pertwee: While filming ''The Three Doctors'' their two approaches to acting clashed (Pertwee was incredibly "by the book", Troughton enjoyed ad-libbing) and they got on each other's nerves. After that they grew to become close friends but kept bickering during public appearances as they enjoyed this effect. They were disappointed about their lack of shared screentime in the twentieth anniversary special.
- What Could Have Been
- He was considered for the role of Dr. Hans Reinhardt in the 1979 Disney film The Black Hole. Maximilian Schell was cast in the role.
- When BBC controller Michael Grade contacted Doctor Who creator Sydney Newman asking for ideas for retooling the show, Newman came up with a scenario where Troughton would've returned to the role of the Doctor for Season 24 before regenerating into a woman at the end of it. However, negotiations between Newman and BBC head of drama Jonathan Powell fell apart due to Creative Differences, and even if they didn't, Troughton's death in March of 1987 would've nixed the idea of him returning.
Oh my giddy aunt!