Patrick George Troughton (25 March 1920 28 March 1987) was an English actor, best known for playing the Second Doctor in the TV series Doctor Who. He was in the Royal Navy during the Second World War. He was the first actor to play the folk hero Robin Hood on television.
Troughton was known largely for his comedic roles before playing the Doctor, and thus decided to play the character differently from William Hartnell: the stern but caring grandfather was replaced by a clownish eccentric. This established a major factor to the show's popularity: the idea that regeneration not only changed the Doctor's appearance, but elements of his personality as well, allowing each actor who played the Doctor to put their own mark on the character. Hartnell fully endorsed Troughton's casting, reportedly saying that "there is one man in Britain who can take over [the role of the Doctor] and that's Patrick Troughton."
Troughton left the role after three years alongside co-stars Frazer Hines and Wendy Padbury out of fear of being typecast and from pressure from his wife note . It would be over 40 years until the entire cast changed at once again. He retained a life-long affiliation with the program, returning to play the Doctor three more times in various special episodes. Matt Smith, the Eleventh Doctor, cites Troughton as an inspiration for his version of the character, and it shows. He is also the actor who reprised his role for televised multi-Doctor specials most often ("The Three Doctors", "The Five Doctors" and "The Two Doctors"), beating fellow actors from that period Jon Pertwee ("Dimensions in Time" and "The Five Doctors") and William Hartnell ("The Three Doctors" and The Other Darrin in "The Five Doctors" and "Twice Upon A Time"). Troughton advised Peter Davison to limit his time to three seasons in order to avoid being typecast as the Doctor, and the rule has since been followed by David Tennant, Matt Smith, and Peter Capaldi. He spoke out in favor of a female incarnation of the Doctor many decades before the Thirteenth Doctor was cast.
He died of a heart attack at the Magnum Opus Con II Science Fiction convention in America, after ignoring the advice of his doctors who had told him not to go. He had two daughters and four sons. Many of his sons and grandsons have followed in his footsteps and become actors. His son David has made two significant Doctor Who appearances, as King Peladon in the Third Doctor story "The Curse of Peladon" and as Professor Hobbes in the Tenth Doctor episode "Midnight", whilst his other son Michael appeared in the 2014 Christmas special. David's son, Sam Troughton, is best known as Much in the 2006 BBC Robin Hood series. Another grandson, Harry Melling, is best known as Dudley Dursley in the Harry Potter films. (Alice Troughton, who has directed several episodes of Doctor Who, is not a close relative of his.)
Works this actor has appeared in:
- Chance Of A Lifetime (1950)
- Hamlet (1948 version)
- Treasure Island (1950 version)
- Richard III (1955 version)
- Jason and the Argonauts (1963 version)
- The Phantom of the Opera (1962 version)
- The Gorgon (1964)
- Scars of Dracula (1970)
- The Omen (1976 original)
- Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger (1977)
- The Adventures of the Scarlet Pimpernel (1956 TV series)
- The Box Of Delights (1984 TV series)
- Doctor Finlays Casebook (1962 TV series, ran to 1971)
- Doctor Who (1963 TV series, hiatus 1989-2005, still ongoing.) In it from 1966-69, reprised role in 1972-1973 for The Three Doctors, 1983 for The Five Doctors and 1985 for The Two Doctors.
- The Feathered Serpent (TV series, 2 seasons, 1976 and 1978)
- The Old Curiosity Shop (1962 TV series)
- Paul Of Tarsus (1960 TV series)
- Robin Hood (1953 TV series)
- The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1970 TV series)
Tropes associated with this actor's work include:
- Deadpan Snarker: The Second Doctor could really be on the snarky side at some points, especially if paired up with the Third Doctor.
- Follow the Leader: Peter Davison, Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy, David Tennant, Matt Smith and Peter Capaldi are all big fans of the Second Doctor, and even Tom Baker has admitted that his performance as the Fourth Doctor was partially inspired by Troughton's. Troughton also chose to reinvent the Doctor rather than portray him as Hartnell did, something which all subsequent actors who took the role of the Doctor have done as well.
- Money, Dear Boy: At first, he was reluctant to take over from William Hartnell as the Doctor, but he had a large family and the prospect of long-term work was too good to pass up.
- Throw It In!: Troughton loved to improvise and improve the script on the fly.
- Trope Maker: For The Nth Doctor. His decision to play his incarnation of the Doctor very differently from William Hartnell's (mostly out of worry that this whole "regeneration" business wouldn't work) helped to bring about the idea that a change of actor allows the Doctor to be played in a new way.
- Vitriolic Best Buds: Had this dynamic with Jon Pertwee: While filming ''The Three Doctors'' their two approaches to acting clashed (Pertwee was incredibly "by the book", Troughton enjoyed adblibbing) and they got on each other's nerves. After that they grew to become close friends but kept bickering during public appearances as they enjoyed this effect. They were disappointed about their lack of shared screentime in the twentieth anniversary special.
Oh my giddy aunt!