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Shonen (Demographic)
aka: Shonen Genre

Manga and anime aimed primarily at pre-teen and teenage boys. Tends to be focused more on "action" than relationships, with romance generally either perfunctory or Played for Laughs. Fighting or combat — even if it is sublimated into a form such as a sports competition or even a Tabletop Game — is a common element. The title character, and most of the cast, is predominantly male.

Note that while Shōnen tends to include a few standard genres, it literally refers to the target demographic (and in Japan, generally refers strictly to manga, rather than anime). Its older counterpart is Seinen, although both are enjoyed by other audiences as well. The Distaff Counterpart to Shonen is called Shoujo.

It should also be noted that there is no definite marker for a series being or not being Shōnen. Though the magazine it runs in is a good indicator, many Shōnen magazines aim for the huge Seinen Periphery Demographic that also purchases them. Thus, many series that are mostly popular with the Seinen demographic after being published in tankoubon volumes have run in Shōnen magazines when they were serialized.

Shōnen series were the first to be brought over en masse to the Western world, and makes up much of the popular American perception of anime. However, it should be noted most anime is aimed at younger kids simply because they possess the most free time for TV, and nearly all popular western animation is either geared towards males or has Multiple Demographic Appeal. Pure shojo bounces between the realms of cutesy and melodramatically scandalous for most Media Watchdogs, so it does not get shown in the West as much.

General Examples

  • Almost anything with Humongous Mecha.
  • Sometimes, adaptations of stories with Multiple Demographic Appeal will create two versions of the story, one Shōnen and one Shōjo (Demographic). For example, The Vision of Escaflowne had a Shōnen-version manga produced of its story, while Magic Knight Rayearth's OAVs have a similar bent as compared to the original series.
  • Nearly all the titles featured in the Weekly Shōnen Jump (or simply Jump) magazine have a kind of legacy with each other, enough that a crossover video game was highly received.
    • The Dragon Ball series is by far the quintessential Shōnen, and due to its age, length and influence provides examples of most of the classic tropes. Not to mention the fact that its popularity has more or less inspired most of the current Shonen Manga of this day and age. The Creators of the Big Three all admit to having their series greatly inspired by Dragon Ball Z.
    • Of all the ongoing Shōnen series, One Piece is the most popular. It has drawn a great deal of inspiration from Dragon Ball, but developed a very unique and compelling flavor of its own.
    • Bleach is part of the Holy Shonen Trinity and, unlike Naruto, One Piece and Dragon Ball, the Bleach anime hasn't had issues with staying on the air in America.
    • Completing the current Jump Triforce is Naruto, which was the most popular manga in America for a long time.
    • JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, released in 1987, is one of Shōnen Jump's longest running Shōnen series, having reached over 100 volumes in Japan. Only one part, Stardust Crusaders (part three), has gotten an official English release. With its 7th part, "Steel Ball Run", it has switched magazines to Ultra Jump and became Seinen.
  • Three-Point Landing: They love this to make the characters look cool.
  • General rule of thumb on the scale of idealism vs. cynicism, most Shōnen works (particularly the action fighter types), tend to fall in the idealist side. Deconstructions, Darker and Edgier, and/or, those that fall in the opposite side of the scale can easily be mistaken as a Seinen series and give a What Do You Mean, It's for Kids? reaction (Death Note and Neon Genesis Evangelion are some of the notable examples).
  • Ham. Lots and lots of ham.

Other Examples in Shonen Jump

Non-Shōnen Jump Examples

Sekaikei GenreAnime GenresShoujo Demographic
    UsefulNotes/Anime Fan SpeakSeinen
Shoujo DemographicMangaManga Effects

alternative title(s): Shounen; Shonen; Shonen Genre
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