Pretty much one of the most famous and popular sport manga/anime created by Yoichi Takahashi. It was insanely popular and translated to many languages to the point where it inspired many talented players to take on soccer as a career, such as Alessandro del Piero, Zinedine Zidane, Francesco Totti, and Fernando Torres. This led the Japanese soccer association to assist in the development of the manga/anime to promote the sport in Japan, which inspired players like Hidetoshi Nakata and Seigo Narazaki.It's also one of the main series that, along with other sacred cows like Dragon Ball, started the manga/anime popularity boom in Europe during the late '80s and early '90s.It started being marketed as a shonen manga, published at Shonen Jump from the start of its run up until the early 200s. While it remains shonen at heart, however, the Road to 2002 saga and sequels have moved to Seinen magazines, as a good part of its readership is formed by adult men who grew reading it on Shonen Jump.The story follows Tsubasa Ozora, a boy with great sports abilities and a big dream: to win The World Cup. The story follows him through his school soccer tournament to his first steps in club soccer outside of Japan, and of course his big games with the Japan national team while struggling with injuries and other problems.Other important characters include his teammates: Ryo Ishizaki, sensitive Taro Misaki and goalkeeper Ace Genzo Wakabayashi. Also, there are his rivals: most notably, Kojiro Hyuga (whose playing style is the opposite of Tsubasa, relaying more on power than on technique), Jun Misugi (a talented, ill strategist) and Hikaru Matsuyama. Later, foreign players like Karl Heinz Schneider are introduced during the FIFA World Youth cup. Important support characters are Roberto (Tsubasa's mentor and coach) and Sanae Nakazawa (a female friend of Tsubasa, who has also quite the crush on him and later manages to date him).Currently this sports classic is still ongoing, from 1981 to the present days.
Captain Tsubasa — 37 Volumes.
Captain Tsubasa: World Youth — 18 Volumes.
Captain Tsubasa: Road to 2002 — 15 Volumes.
Captain Tsubasa: Golden 23 — 12 Volumes.
Captain Tsubasa: Gekitouhen in Calcio — 2 Volumes.
Captain Tsubasa: En la Liga — Ongoing, 5 Volumes as of 2012.
All of the Other Reindeer: Tsubasa is a milder version. Natsuko, his mother, says that Tsubasa didn't have friends other than Yayoi until they moved to Shizuoka. Tsubasa himself doesn't seem to mind that much, though, since soon the Nankatsu kids befriend him.
Also, Aoi Shingo and Ricardo Espadas as kids. The first becomes a borderline male Pollyanna, the other grows into a Jerk Ass.
Alternate Continuity: The Captain Tsubasa's Tecmo videogames are an alternative continuity from both the manga and the animated TV series, with the additional feature that Yoichi Takahashi (the original mangaka) worked closely with Tecmo in the plot department. Many of the plotlines and characters from the games are recycled later in the manga with different names and places. Specifically:
In the videogames, Tsubasa goes to play to Lecce in Italy from Brazil, rather than the FC Barcelona in Spain.
In the same way, Hyuga and Wakashimazu went to play to Mexico for Club America in Mexico City, rather than Turin in Italy (Hyuga) and the J-League (Wakashimazu).
Hikaru Matsuyama went to play to the Manchester United in England, rather than staying in Japan playing in the J-League.
Taro Misaki is the only character whose country when he went to play (France) is unchanged, but not the team he actually plays: In the videogames, he plays for many French teams, while in the manga, he plays at first for Paris Saint-Germaine and later he went on loan to Jubilo Iwata in the J-League.
There's many original characters in the games who were later recycled in the manga with different names and roles, especially Coimbra, who was recycled as Natureza.
The last two games features very odd variations to the regular tournament rules normally used in the manga, anime and even Real Life, including Tsubasa and many other foreign characters playing for the host countries they're playing at the moment in the games (Like Tsubasa playing for Brazil and Hyuga for Mexico, despise neither both of them are naturalized or even have plans to become non-Japanese in the manganote Though Tsubasa might have attained dual Japanese-Spanish citizenship by virtue of the time he's been playing at Barça - according to Spanish laws, you gain their citizenship if you hold a steady job there, no matter what it is. The fifth game include a World Cup (if you can call it like that), when not only the Japanese team have to play against regular national teams, they also have to play against club teams, and the last team they have to face in that game is an all-star team of the best players from around the world vs Japan.
Can't Catch Up: Lots of people in the Japanese team are in clear disadvantage when compared to Tsubasa, Hyuga and Wakabayashi.
Changed My Mind, Kid: Ken Wakashimazu and Aoi Shingo in the World Youth series. The Asia qualifying matches, especially against Thailand, would've been a cakewalk if both didn't refuse the call up in the first place.
Chaste Hero: Tsubasa is so Married to the Job that he fails to see Sanae's interest in him for quite a while. The manga shows him as being slightly more aware of it, to the point of standing up for Sanae against her Stalker with a Crush despite clearly knowing how it could put his career in jeopardy; the anime is more subtle.
World Youth. Before the tournament goes, Japanese coaches happen to come across a video of a fantastic football player. He's described so good that no Japanese players are allowed to watch it for fear that their morale sink. He is Natureza, and he only shows up in the end
World Youth again. Tomeya Akai first shows up in a bonus section, pre-Asian Youth. On the second time they meet, Aoi recruits him to Japan Youth because he has good marking skill and Aoi feels he will be important later on. He is later tasked to mark Levin of Sweden Youth, a job he does well.
Cool Big Sis: Sanae, towards Kumi. Yukari, towards Sanae herself.
Chick Magnet: Tsubasa (oblivious and even puzzled as to why girls like him that much), Schester (doesn't mind, but doesn't really bother), Wakashimazu (aware and slightly awkward about it), Pierre (very aware and pleased, interacts directly with his fangirls).
Cry Cute: Santana. Oh God, Santana. Seeing him open the water works after he's reunited with his mother...
Cute Sports Club Manager: A number of them in the Junior High arc. Nankatsu has Sanae (the manga Ur Example and Trope Codifier) with Yukari and Kumi as her assistants; Furano has Yoshiko, with Machiko as her assistant. Both Sanae and Yoshiko hook up with the captains of their respective teams, Tsubasa and Matsuyama; meanwhile, Yukari hooks up with Tsubasa's Nankatsu Lancer, Ishizaki. And Mushashi has Yayoi, who is ship teased very heavily with Misugi though it's not known if they're more than friends or not.
Determinator: Most of the characters, though Tsubasa is the biggest of them all. Special mention goes to Wakabayashi, Morisaki and Tomeya Akai, who withstands *several direct shots to his body* to cover for an injured Genzou, against Levin.
Disappeared Dad: Tsubasa's father Koudai is a sea captain and therefore rarely at home; to his merit, though, he does keep contact through letters, and is a fairly normal dad when he gets to spend some weeks home. Hyuga's father died when he was 10 years old: the circumstances vary, depending on the canon you follow.
Disc One Final Boss: The German Team. The boss of the original series gets defeated by the Netherlands, Sweden and Brazil in World Youth Cup. And team Japan faces those three teams in the final stages of the World Youth tournament. Schneider was Demoted to Extra.
Drama-Preserving Handicap: Jun Misugi. Handicapped with a heart disease. He wipes the floor with both Nankatsu AND Tohou before his heart gives out in both matches. Hence why he's recruited as The Strategist by Katagiri.
For the time of the WYC, Misugi was completely recovered from the heart disease. The only handicap remaining is his rather low stamina..
If you ask anyone in Europe who Tsubasa Ozora, Kojiro Hyuga or Genzo Wakabayashi are, most of them will look at you with puzzled looks. However, if you mention Oliver Atton, Mark Lenders and Benji Price... they will probably hug you with tears of joy while they sing the anime Opening (whichever version they saw in their country).
Same thing in Latinamerica, only that instead of Mark Lenders, is Steve Hyuga. And those are only some examples.
Hong Kongers will recognize Tsubasa Ozora or Genzo Wakabayashi as Daai Chiwai or Lȁm Yȕensāam.
In the Arab world, everyone knows Captain Majid, few people know it's really called Captain Tsubasa.
The Brazilian dub keeps the Japanese names, but for Tsubasa and Wakabayashi, it uses the Western-version given names, i.e. Oliver Tsubasa and Benji Wakabayashi. Also, Misaki's first name is Carlos instead of Taro, and Roberto is given the nickname "Maravilha" ("Wonder") in lieu of his surname Hongo. A strange case, at least in Road to 2002, is Hyuga: his name is written the same, but the surname is pronounced "Huega" there!
Eagle Land: A very weird case: The American soccer team is rarely mentioned in the manga ans it's always defeated off-screen by other teams (Becoming in some kind of Running Gag there). On the other hand, in the first anime adaptation or at least in one of the non-serial films, the American team is portrayed as a Type 2: A bunch of cheating pricks who don't know much about soccer, but they know how to play dirty, especially against the Japanese team, and the Japanese team wipes the floor with them, not to mention they are the only opponents they're NOT portrayed in sympathetic light in any way. The Tecmo games goes the other way instead: The Americans are Type 1 and are portrayed more positively, albeit sometimes as a bunch of weirdos, especially their captain Mikhael, who considers Ishizaki (from all the people of the Japanese team and NOT Tsubasa, Misaki, Hyuga or anyone barely competent from the Japanese side) his biggest rival.
Executive Meddling: Takahashi has had to deal more than once with this. I.e., at least two matches from World Youth Cup were totally skipped.
Expy: By the bushel. Juan Díaz is pretty much a teenaged Maradona. Rivaúl is expy of Rivaldo. Van Saal is Van Gaal (except balding). Callusias is Casillas. Dammit, every player that is not a main character is an expy of some important player.
Also, the whole thing about Tsubasa going pro in Brazil mirrors the trajectory of Kazuyoshi "Kazu" Miura, one of the first pro soccer players in Japan, who became a professional by playing for teams like Santos and Palmeiras in the late 80s.
Fan Translation: The series is graced with an extremely devoted Scanlation scene, a person who goes by the name Shinji has translated every single printed piece for Captain Tsubasa up to date, all by himself! (THANK YOU KID!) Some related merchandise like video games was also translated by Shinji.
First Girl Wins: Subverted in the original anime: Yayoi Aoba was seen in the very first scene and later it seemed she'd be a strong contendor for Tsubasa's affection at first, but she soon was Out of Focus and Tsubasa hooked up with the Second Girl, Sanae. Played with in the manga: Yayoi still was Tsubasa's oldest friend, but the aforementioned scene doesn't take place so Sanae is the First Girl we meet.
Hachimaki: Proudly worn by Matsuyama Hikaru and the Furano players. All were made by Matsuyama's girlfriend Yoshiko.
Glass Cannon: The Japanese National Team as a whole. They've got excellent scorers in Tsubasa, Aoi and Hyuga as well as great GK's like Wakabayashi and Wakashimazu, but one of their biggest flaws is how easily their defense can be torn and the rival teams can try their luck at scoring. And since the two Waka GK's are prone to Game Breaking Injuries...
As far as single players go, post-medical treatment!Jun Misugi becomes the very definition of this. Top scorer, excellent strategist, very technically skilled... and absolutely pathetic stamina, due to having been a Ill Boy for the first 15 years of his life.
Holding Out for a Hero: Averted in the Golden-23 series, when the coach decides NOT to call up Tsubasa & Hyuga for their Olympics qualification games despite protests from fans.
I Know Madden Kombat: Inverted with Wakashimazu Ken, the Karate Keeper. He knows his karate real well and adapts some karate techniques to soccer. Heck, there was a subplot with him not wanting to be Heir to the Dojo and being given a year of probatory by his father to prove himself. Also, Nitta also takes up karate to improve his skills in the Road to 2002 series.
Invincible Hero: Tsubasa doesn't really lose very much. The two or three times he loses, he recovers almost immediately.
Since this is a sport series and it requires the characters to be at least in good health aside of the occasional ill guy who still wants to play, the cast plces usually filled by ill girls and guys are often taken by players who get injured in one way or another and whose recovery or not is vital to their teams and their careers. These "ill boys" are: Wakabayashi (elementary school arcs), Tsubasa himself (junior high arcs), Wakashimazu (Shin), Misaki and Cha Inchon from the South Korean team (WYC).
Ironic Echo: On the Sao Paulo vs Flamengo match, Tsubasa deliberately falls on one of Santana's tackle to get a free kick in a good position and show him that referees are humans, and that he should stop considering himself a "soccer cyborg", finishing his tirade with "this is one of the fun things in soccer". A few minutes later, in a counter-attack near Sao Paulo's goals, Santana shoots the ball on Tsubasa's foot so that it counts as a Sao Paulo pass, thus not putting his Flamengo partner offside and putting him in an advantageous position to score the goal : as the goal is scored, Santana says to Tsubasa "this is one of the fun things in soccer" with an evil look and a Slasher Smile.
Japanese Sibling Terminology: Since she's very bossy and acts like an older sister, Sanae is nicknamed "Anego" ("Older Sister") by the Nankatsu kids. They drop it later and refer to her as "Manager", when she officially becomes the Team Mom of the team. In Tsubasa's case, he resorts to call her "Sanae-chan" ever since he finds out; OTOH, her underclassman Kumi calls her "Sanae-sempai", and her best friend Yukari merely calls her "Sanae".
Last Minute Hookup: In the last two Volumes of the first manga series Tsubasa and Sanae realized the feelings they have for each other, Sanae finally became honest with herself and her feelings, but Tsubasa is a strange case; he cared for Sanae but showed no hints whatsoever that he liked her or any other girl romantically, so his love confession felt like a last minute plot. This is saved from its own awkwardness because that’s only the first manga series’ climax; the sequels does take its time to show Tsubasa showing his affection towards Sanae, and consequently developing their relationship.
Not to mention, while the hook-up itself is rushed, it's actually an important turning point for someone else: Sanae's friendly rival for Tsubasa's love, Kumi Sugimoto, who takes Tsubasa's interest for Sanae in stride and encourages him to tell her his feelings. Quite the feat for a 13-year-old girl.
Missing Mom: A source of much drama for Misaki is being estranged from his mother after his parents get a divorce. Also, Santana was abandoned as a baby by his teenage single mom. They all get better. Unlike Roberto, whose mother died when he was a child.
Never Got to Say Goodbye: Narrowly averted with Yoshiko and Matsuyama. She didn't want to either distract him from the Furano v/s Nankatsu match and cry in front of him, so she left without a word when the match was barely over... but Matsuyama learnt abot it and raced against the clock to catch her before her flight took off. He succeeded, so cue the Crowning Moment of Heartwarming.
Played straight in the first part with Roberto and Tsubasa (Roberto left without saying a word to not separate Tsubasa from his friends and family and to not stunt his growth as a player, so to a Tear Jerker as Tsubasa has an Heroic BSOD) and with Hyuga in the manga ( his father died in an accident and young Hyuga has an Heroic BSOD in the funeral)
No Celebrities Were Harmed: Several professional players shown are pretty much expies for famous real ones, only with their names slightly changed to avoid personal image copyright conflicts. For example, Rivaldo + Raúl = Rivaul.
Averted in the videogames with Coimbra (Natureza's prototype): His full name is Arthur Antunes Coimbra. If that name doesn't sound familiar for anyone, his name is the real name of the former Brazilian star and former manager of the senior Japanese team, Zico.
No Export for You: Almost all the games were released only in Japan, but Konami released an European version of the Captain Tsubasa game for Nintendo DS.
Only Six Faces: Several character designs are very, very similar. Seriously, sometimes Misugi and Matsuyama look pretty much like twin brothers.
Open-Minded Parent: The parental figures, if featured, are portrayed as this. Special mention goes, obviously, to Tsubasa's parents, who support his dream to go to Brazil and play profesionally ever since he was around 10. Also, Hyuga's mother.
Averted but justified with Misugi's mother, who borders on My Beloved Smother but you still feel sympathy for her plea due to Misugi's heart illness.
Passionate Sports Girl: Maki idolizes Hyuga, but she still wants her own career as a softball player. And she gets it later.
Pose of Supplication: Used once by Hyuga and his team before a important final, so their Stern Teacher would let a punished Hyuga play. When he doesn't seem moved, the whole Toho team goes into the pose, and the Stern Teacher subjects Hyuga to a last test before letting him return.
Phenotype Stereotype: Several European players have blue eyes and blond hair, several Latin Americans have darker skin and hair. Curiously, Hyuga and Jito are dark skinned Japanese.
Not that curiously: when a Japanese person manages to tan, they get very tanned. Hyuuga also has a good reason: as a pre-teen he used to hold part-time jobs that involved heavy physical activity under the Saitama sun, so it would be stranger if he didn't have darker skin than the standard. As for Jitou, he's from a port city and used to be in another sport club before Sano recruited him.
Hyuga being dark-skinned is lampshaded by Maki the first time they talk together at Okinawa:
Maki: Judging by your accent, you're not from here.
Hyuga: That's right.
Maki: You're so tanned I thought, at first, that you were from Okinawa.
Oddly enough, this is partly averted, of all teams, with the Mexican team. With the exception of Espadas and some few players, the rest of the Mexican players are blond or light-skinned, unlike their South American peers.
Put on a Bus: The Tachibana twins, after the second school tournament. They're either substitutes without any chance to play or are soon seriously injured whenever they get to play.
Pragmatic Adaptation: The Road to 2002 animated adaptation, the premise was to cover the first manga series up to the 3rd manga series (the titular Road to 2002), but in practice is merely a rushed retelling of the beginning of the manga series and altering the many sub-plots along the way to catch up with the later manga series; to wit: all romantic subplots from the manga were dropped, even the one involving Tsubasa himself who would be married by the 2002 arc, some Love Interests for the guys were introduced, only to provide support as they never went anywhere, while other girls weren’t lucky enough to even exist in this adaptation.
Reality Ensues: Starting from Road to 2002, the series starts to do away with physics-defying moves and becomes more realistic. Examples:
Tsubasa is forced to play in the satellite B team. This is not uncommon in Spain, where competition for the first team roster is extremely intense and non-EU youth players need time to adapt.
Hyuga, previously able to steamroll every enemy with his dribble, is found to be lacking in body balance department. He gets pulverized during his debut match in Italy, where the defenders are known to be merciless and extremely physical.
Wakabayashi sets up an overlap late in the match, intending to score, defying coach's instructions to settle for a tie. Instead the enemy defends and counters and scores a goal. He is then benched by the coach.
Rule of Cool: A lot of the special techniques runs under this, especially those of the Tachibana twins and Wakashimazu.
Self-Made Man: Espadas and his True Companions, Santana, Roberto, Pepe, Natureza... yeah, this happens a lot among the Latin American players.
Also Hyuuga, who comes from a very impoverished family and then trains and works his way up.
Sensitive Guy and Manly Man: Tsubasa and Wakabayashi, Tsubasa and Hyuga, Misugi and Matsuyama, Jito and Sanou, Takeshi and Hyuga, Gino and Shingo, Kisugi and Taki, Pierre and Napoleon, etc. In fact, every dual partnership will play with this trope to some degree.
Serial Escalation: Just exactly how powerful football shoots could be? And how ridiculous is it going to be done? Hand-killing Levin Shoot? Ground-kicking Raiju shoot? Dragon-unleashing Counter Shoot!? Hand-propelling Dragon-unleashing Counter Arrow Shoot!?!Phoenix-producing Counter Counter Shoot!?!? Body-spinning Tornado Shoot?! Two-times body-spinning Two Turn Tornado Shoot?!?Body-spinning ground-kicking hand-propelling Tornado Arrow Sky Wing Shoot?!?!
Shipper on Deck: By the second school tournament, almost everyone in the Nankatsu team is a Sanae/Tsubasa shipper. Even Sanae's love rival Kumi gets to join them, after she and Tsubasa sort things out.
Let's not forget the Furano team and their support of Yoshiko/Matsuyama. Specially Oda Kazumasa, much to the ire of the most discreet Machiko.
Society Marches On: The manga is maybe one one the biggest offenders of this: When the original manga was published in 1981, Japan was the Butt Monkey of the soccer world, being in the lowest ranks of this sport and the J-League didn't exist at that time, other than having an amateur league. Soccer was unpopular compared with Baseball and the sole idea of even hosting the World Cup there was laughable in that era, and everybody, Tsubasa included, was aware of that fact. Cue the 90s and 2000s, when the J-League was created (1993) and Japan is the World Cup co-host along with South Korea (2002), not to mention the country becoming a soccer powerhouse in Asia (with players like Keisuke Honda and Shinji Kagawa putting their skills to test in the European fields) and the author is forced to recognize the existence of all this, when previously all this was just dreams in the 80s. The animated adaptations avoid this, as setting the plot at the respecting time period when it happens, especially in the Road to 2002 anime.
Also, the very calm and cool but also honor-bound Jun Misugi.
Arguably, El Si Pierre.
Talking Is a Free Action: In the Anime. AND GOOD LORD, HOW! Since they always try to reproduce the dialogues and commentator's speeches directly from the manga pannels, the players take ages to run from one mid-field to the other (some fans calculated that, based on how long they take, the fields have to be around 18 Km/11.2 miles long!) and are mantained in mid-air, sometimes for whole minutes!
Team Dad: Roberto, Kira, Furuoya, Gamo, Katagiri. Kitazume is a more stern example.
Team Mom: Sanae, Yayoi, Yoshiko, Machiko and Yukari. Justified since they're the assistants of their teams. Also Tsubasa's mother Natsuko, specially during the first part of the series.
Subverted with Kumi, who is an assistant too but is quite younger than Sanae and Yukari so she's more of a cutelittle sister to them.
Team Spirit: Even if the matches turn out to be more like one-in-one duels, the underlying message is that everything must be done for the benefit of your team, and if you don't follow it you'll regret it. Specially obvious when Hyuuga gets benched for almost the whole junior high soccer season after he breaks this implicit message when he takes a leave to train without permission.
Technician Versus Performer: Hyuga is the Performer, Tsubasa is the Technician. But later, Tsubasa is the Performer while Santana is the Technician.
The Worf Barrage: Hernandez, Muller, Espadas, Salinas. Always happens when the opponent's goalkeeper has a name.
Those Two Guys: Tamotsu and Takai, the two cheerleaders who were often subjected to Sanae's temper tantrums. They level up with time and reappear as assistants in the Golden 23 series
Translation Convention: Played straight in the animated adaptations, but averted in the manga, especially in the Road to 2002 manga series when both Tsubasa and Hyuga needs translators when they went to Spain and Italy respectively.
Trying Not to Cry: Yoshiko when she chooses to leave without a word, Kumi after being rejected by Tsubasa.
Tsundere: Sanae starts as one in the anime series, but mellows down as she becomes Older and Wiser. Her flashes of temper come more from Ishizaki's teasing than Tsubasa's obliviousness and her Shorttank personality. Machiko Machida seems to be more of a traditional example.
The most straight-up Tsundere is Helena, an Italian girl whom Misaki met in a filler episode of the old series. Bossy, cheerful, stubborn, blonde with pigtails, and had a crush on Misaki that she always denied.
Maki Akamine is another.
Twice Shy: Matsuyama and Yoshiko, in the original TV series and the Road to 2002 anime.