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Main title card as of September 2018.

"It's time to learn Geography... NOW!"
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Geography Now is an Edutainment show hosted by American Youtuber Paul Barbato (AKA "Barby") that premiered in October 2014. The episodes cover informational profiles on countries in alphabetical order, beginning with those largely or fully recognized starting with Afghanistan and moving through Zimbabwe; he intends then to cover those countries with more limited recognition and those which aren't really independent but have their own identity.

Each episode is separated into four segments:

  • Political Geography: The country's sovereign domain and administrative divisions are explained as well any overseas territories, autonomous regions, enclaves, exclaves, border disparities, major and capital cities, as well as landmarks and other points of interest.

  • Physical Geography: The country's natural landscape and terrain features are explained, in addition to resources that are produced and cultivated. Natural landmarks and points of interest are also highlighted in addition to flora, fauna, and other factoids.

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  • Demographics: This segment focuses on the populace and culture of the inhabitants of the country. This segment typically includes a population and ethnic make up chart, as well as language, culture, tradition, religion, customs, and value systems in the country.

  • Friend Zone: Focuses on diplomatic relations of the country, highlighting factors such as political, economic, cultural, and militaristic ties the country has with other countries.

Initially, episodes began with a Flag Dissection segment, where the flag and other symbols of the country like coat of arms are explained with each part, color, shape and piece broken down in terms of meaning and significance. Starting with Cuba (May 18, 2016), this segment was spun off into separate videos called "Flag Fridays"; beginning with the Germany episode (February 8, 2017) Paul started to include corrections to the main episode for the country in this segment; starting with Ghana (one week later) Paul expanded Flag Fridays to Fan Fridays where he opens packages that fans have sent in on camera.

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Paul, being a rather jolly guy, sometimes adds pop culture references (specifically those referencing Bob Saget) and puns. Sometimes, he usually gets punched or slapped after saying a pun, in addition to regretting bad puns and jokes that might or might not offend certain groups.

When the series first began, there was no set schedule as Paul basically produced the episodes by himself - the wait time between videos sometimes went as long as a month. When Paul signed with production company Studio 71 starting with Cuba (May 18, 2016), episodes began to be uploaded both more frequently and more consistently (this was also when Flag Dissection was spun off into Flag Fridays).

Watch the episodes including the latest one here.

This show provides examples of:

  • Accentuate the Negative: Deliberately inverted. While the show doesn't shy away from tragic events, it consistently focuses on the positives. Talk of past troubles ends by mentioning present recovery, present troubles by efforts to fix things, poverty with hope of progress, and long held grudges with trade and diplomacy that persist despite them.
  • AcCENT upon the Wrong SylLABle: Informs us in the Colombia video the stress in the name of the capital, Bogota, should be on the Ta, not the Bo, like most English speakers say it.
  • Affectionate Parody: Of CGP Grey in his video PGC Brey: What are the "kind of" countries?. He did such a great job that the artwork and style is virtually indistinguishable from the original.
  • Ambiguously Brown: Initially, when asked about his ethnicity, Barby would often turn the question around, asking other people what they thought it was. Answers ranged from Polynesian to Latino, Kazakh and Mediterranean, so he finally clarified that he was in fact a "hapa", a half Asian, half European (Korean, specifically).
  • April Fools' Plot:
    • The Bandiaterra episode, where he talks in detail of a country that doesn't actually exist.
    • "PGC Brey: What are the "kind of" countries?", being that it's a parody of CGP Grey and all.
    • "Geometry Now!"
    • Similarly to Bandiaterra, Limberwisk is a fully fleshed out episode about an imaginary country.
  • Art Evolution: The infographics, title cards, title sequence and overall animation get better and better with the progression of the show.
  • Ascended Extra: Noah eventually got promoted to Physical section co-host in the eSwatini (formerly Swaziland) episode.
  • Ascended Meme: The Bearsharktopus and the Backwards Unicorn Duck.
  • Audience Participation Song: The fan appreciation videos tend to include numerous interpretations of the minuscule theme song, by fans from all over the globe.
  • Berserk Button:
    • The Cyprus conflict between Greeks and Turks, although it's less violent now than years ago.
    • "Wanna know the best way to anger a Colombian?" C-O-L-U- is as far as Paul gets before his Colombian friend Diego punches him out.
    • Paul has to carefully navigate most of the Macedonia video because the name of the country alone is enough to hit the button for the more hardcore nationalists.
    • Once the Israel video gets past the relatively straightforward Political and Physical Geography sections, Paul clearly treads carefully in addressing the Israeli-Palestinian situation with repeated emphasis about the fact that Geograpeeps from both sides were consulted in the making of the skit he performs about it.
    • In the beginning of "Political Geography" segment of the Hungary episode, Paul asks his guest, Nick Uhas, "Hungary is so Eastern-European, isn't it?" Just then, Nick punches him out and explains that the Hungarians hate it when people think like that.
  • Bilingual Bonus: Paul sometimes speaks the national language of the country he's talking of.
    • The introductions for the Austria, Belarus, China, and France episodes are respectively in German (Bavarian dialect), Belorussian, Mandarin Chinese, and French.
    • The tease for France at the end of the Macedonia video was also in French.
    • His complaining of Non-Indicative Names for Cote d'Ivoire and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the Costa Rica episode were in French and Korean (initially unsubtitled - YouTube-provided translations were added later).
    • Played for Laughs in the Bolivia video:
    "No tiengo dinero."
    "Huh?"
    "Estoy yesca...?"
    "Ah! ...todavía me debes dinero, cabron."
  • Blatant Lies:
    • The intro clip for Finland states how Paul totally doesn't have any preconceived biases towards it. Cue an angelic choir as Paul daydreams with a contented smile on his face.
    • The intro clip for Honduras has him go:
      "Guys, I'm not gonna make any puns in this episode. At this point for Geography Now, cheesy stuff like that is just...Hun-der-us."
  • Bread, Eggs, Breaded Eggs: Described Massachusetts's residents as coming in three varieties: The uppity, the gritty and the intellectual gritty.
  • Butt-Monkey:
    • Paul is always on the receiving end whenever a punch in the face is done on presenters.
    • Ken, the cameraman and animator, is often belittled and fired over the smallest of things, and doesn't get promoted, yet still hangs around anyway.
  • Call-Back:
    • Necessary to paragon certain facts or qualities of a country with another one - for instance the Sahel span multiple countries.
    • Paul is still angry at Rihanna for not participating in the Barbados video.
    • The Lithuania episodes repeatedly calls back to the Belarus episode, and how Barby did a surprisingly well job at explaining the latter, because he doesn't have to explain about all of the Lithuanian stuff that relates to Belarus again.
  • Christmas Episode: Appropriately enough, it's about Christmas Island. Also, it's the only episode to be filmed in Barby's living room and without a script.
  • Continuity Nod:
    • In the Comoros video he talks about how they were of the few instances of islands settled by Africans, and recalls about the last time that happened (in the Bandiaterra video). Bandiaterra was also given a sly nod in the Denmark episode.
    • In the Luxembourg episode, Paul makes some terrible puns with the place name but doesn't get punched because the guy who usually does the punching isn't available at the time. The preemption slides made it clear that he'll get a beatdown in the next episode, which does happen in the Madagascar video.
  • Creepy Twins: How Barby characterizes Latvia and Lithuania, given how similar they are in terms of physical features as well as folklore and hotels that tend toward the macabre. Latvia and Lithuania are represented by the Grady daughters, with Estonia meant to be Danny.
  • Curse Cut Short: In the Japan episode, Keith was about to laugh at the fact that Fukuoka's IATA airport code is FUK, when Barby jumps in and covers Keith's mouth.
  • Cutaway Gag: More and more common with the progression of the show.
  • Dada Ad:
    • Referenced and parodied at the end of the Japan episode, which was brought to you by Bob Saget's Bearsharktopus Coffee Shoes.
    "Watashi wa kouhii to kutsu ga hoshii, Let's super harassment sandwich!"note 
    • Done again while parodying the ad breaks for Korean TV dramas.
  • Deranged Animation: Barby notes that red on a country's flag standing for the blood of those who fought for the freedom of a country is a very common theme worldwide, and so to stave off boredom by repetition across the many episodes Paul took to putting up insane and crazy animations whenever this happens. Each animation clip is different (in more ways than one) visually and is accompanied by someone going "Blood of those who fight for the freedom!" twice to a heavy metal riff.
  • Don't Try This at Home: Paul and company often get small gifts in the mail from viewers on Fan Fridays, including various bottles of alcoholic drinks. They will sometimes try them on camera as several are quite the connoisseurs, though Paul will always rattle off a disclaimer against underage drinking (noting that everyone there is at least 21).
  • Dope Slap:
    • Paul finds himself on the receiving end of one after he makes the obligatory pun about it being "chilly" in Chile.
    • He receives another one at the end of the China episode, after the horrible pun on Colombia.
    • In general, every time Barby says a horrible pun, expect a slap or a punch to happen to him afterwards.
  • Dumb Dodo Bird: Naturally, it is mentioned in the Mauritius episode, as it is the national animal of the state, even though it unfortunately has been extinct for centuries.
  • Excited Show Title!: The word "NOW!" is shouted rather abruptly in the theme song.
  • Fictional Country: Bandiaterra, an island nation in the Indian Ocean formerly colonized by the Danish. Barby goes into great detail and the entire video is really convincing until the reveal at the very end.
    • Repeated three years later with Limberwisk, an archipelago in the Arctic between Greenland and Norway. Like Bandiaterra, Barby goes into great detail and the entire video is really convincing until the reveal at the very end.
  • Freeze-Frame Bonus: The "Political Geography" title card that was used from the Costa Rica episode all the way up to the end of 2017 showcases a globe sitting on a bookshelf, in which in it are book titles such as "Choreography Now", "LOL EARTH", "Bob Saget Biography", and "Flags with Red in Them".
  • Fun with Subtitles:
    • When first describing the border dispute over the Isla Conejo between El Salvador and Honduras, Barby makes the analogy of a Latin American telenovela - what follows is a rapid-fire sequence of six characters (only the first two are shown as representing El Salvador and Honduras) all speaking Spanish. Subtitles are provided, but the last one only says "Ay, Dios mio por que!" while the accompanying subtitles are absurdly long and veers way off topic.
    "Hernando, I should have known that this whole time you were the one that I was to follow into the path I once questioned but my father would not approve so I went with Juan but he has become a monster. A monster of my own creation! Also, tamales con pollo at Sabor Latino are only like $2 each! Let's get some!"
  • Funny Background Event: The introduction segment to the Latvia episode has Keith doing a goofy dance while wearing a dress as Barby segues into the Political Geography segment.
  • Genius Loci: During the "Friend Zone" segment, the countries have googly eyes and speak to each other directly.
  • George Jetson Job Security: Ken's job status as an animator and cameraman is frequently put in jeopardy by Paul (as a joke, mind you), though he has actually been fired on camera only once in the Lesotho video (and was rehired about two minutes later when the graphics quality took a nosedive).
  • Guest Star: A lot of, if not all of the guest stars, are from the countries that the particular episode they're guest starring on is discussing.
    • The Colombia episode guest stars Diego, who is Colombian himself.
    • The Ecuador episode guest stars Cindy, who is reportedly the only Ecuadorean Paul knows.
    • The Egypt episode also stars Mohab, an Egyptian.
    • The Ethiopian episode stars Samri.
    • The Hungary episode stars Nick Uhas from Nickipedia.
    • The Ireland episode guests Paedar (rhymes with "ladder"), who did the first "Blood of Those Who Fought" Deranged Animation segments.
    • The South Korea episode stars Paul's own mom who is originally from South Korea.
    • The Maldives episode stars Hannah, a friend of Noah. In the previous episode (eSwatini), she explained that the audience wanted more females on the show.
    • The Mexico episode stars Cesar, Paul's friend from Puerto Vallarta.
    • The Netherlands episode stars a time-delayed Vincent, who did some of the earlier animation work for the series a few years before Ken joined.
  • Heh Heh, You Said "X":
    • Played straight when Barby mentions the region of Belarus called Brest.
      "Heh Heh. Brest."
    • Subverted in the Bolivia video when he brings up Lake Titicaca.
      "Heh heh. Lake."
    • Played straight with Djibouti.note  At one point he even makes a booty pun without meaning to.
    • Played straight again with India.
      "Heh, Vijaya..."note 
      (note on screen) Hey that's offensive
    • Paul can't help but point out that Ireland has a town named Dingle.
    • Subverted once again in Kazakhstan and its Valley of Balls.
      "Heh heh. Valley."
    • And subverted yet again when the Lake Titicaca of South America was brought up again.
      "Heh heh. South America."
  • Hidden Depths: Ken is surprised to learn Paul knows so many street gang signs in the beginning of the Namibia episode (he was going through them to make sure none of them happened to match the way he was told how to describe Namibia's shape using hands). Paul simply replies he grew up in Chicago.
  • Hipster: Paul has sometimes used the term tripster: like a hipster, but wants to stay ahead of the curve when it comes to where to go on vacation. First mentioned in the Bulgaria video due to its beaches and range in landscape for a country with relatively low visibility in terms of tourism.
  • Insistent Terminology: Invoked (unsurprisingly) in the (Former Yugoslav Republic of) Macedonia episode due to the usage of "Macedonia" being a Berserk Button.
  • Meaningful Name:
    • Exaggerated with the place names in Jamaica, each having its own unique story and context to it, like "Broke Neck Gully", "Old woman savanna", "Rest-and-be-thankful", "Time and Patience", and "Wait-a-bit".
    • A less extreme version in Mauritius, where many places have French or Mauritian Creole names that "each have backstories as to why they're named that way", like "Mon Goût" ("my taste"), "Mon Desert" ("my desert"), Nouvelle Découverte ("new discovery"), and just plain "Britannia".
  • Metaphorgotten: Barby was apparently hungry when he compared Central America to a bag of potato chips:
    "When you first look in, they all look like potato chips. But then when you inspect them a little closer you realize some are a little bigger, some are a little crispier, some have a little bit of green, and that's my job...to eat potato chips." (eats a handful of chips, continues with mouth full) "What were we talking about?"
  • National Geographic Nudity: In the eSwatini episode, Paul includes footage of the Reed Dance, which features topless young women, held annually in the country. While he admits that it is YouTube's policy to not restrict nudity where it is culturally or traditionally appropriate, he still opts to censor the footage out of consideration for certain viewers who might still be offended by it.
  • Noodle Incident:
    • In the India episode, he says he doesn't want to go to jail...again. A closed caption just says "Don't ask".
    • Whatever happened in Monaco that caused Paedar to stop drinking.
  • No Smoking: Invoked in the Bhutan episode. In fact, tobacco and cigarettes are banned in that country.
  • No Pronunciation Guide: Well, almost no pronunciation guide.
    "Ba-H-rain. Not Ba-rain, not Buh-ran, not Ba-rann and not Bob Saget."
    • Barby complains about the Slavic triple and quadruple consonant clusters, but hits the mark with Brčko of all names, only to completely butcher Plitvice in a later episode.
  • Non-Indicative Name: Averted with Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), which Paul explicitly agrees fits the country before slapping the tag straight onto Côte d'Ivoire and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
  • One Steve Limit: Averted in the opening to the Georgia episode, when internet searches kept returning Paul results related to the US state rather than the country in the Caucasus. It gets solved by searching for "Sakartvelo".
  • Public Domain Soundtrack: The background music is always public domain music.
  • Puns: Way too many to count, and at least once per episode, but not always. Sometimes they work, sometimes they backfire.
    "'Bet-you-wanna' land in Bechuanaland!"
  • Pungeon Master: Paul really loves puns.
  • Running Gag:
    • The Bearsharktopus (debatable).
    • Red on a flag standing for THE BLOOD OF THOSE WHO FOUGHT FOR THE FREEDOM.
      • Subverted in the Cameroon and Croatia videos, where red actually stood for the unity of the people, and the revolution & sacrifice, respectively.
      • Subverted again in the Congo (Republic) episode, where Paul explains how the red in the flag doesn't have any actual meaning according to the constitution.
      • Subverted yet again in the Limberwisk episode, where Paul explains that it's actually the black that stands for blood.
    • When he explains how a country's name is pronounced, he lists some erroneous spellings of it. Expect Bob Saget to be listed at the end, for no reason.
    • Don't forget little LIECHTENSTEIN! Can be substituted with other tiny nations like Luxembourg in the Germany episode.
    • Paul getting punched out whenever he (intentionally) screws up a fact or a pronunciation.
    • Ken, the camera and animation guy, almost being fired for the littlest things, but staying hired; also references to Ken's "dungeon" which is basically a hole in the floor as his residence.
    • Paul reminding the audience about how he's still waiting for Rihanna to call him.
  • Scenery Porn: The showcase of iconic landmarks and landscapes in the various countries discussed.
  • Self-Deprecation: Sometimes Paul makes fun of the first three videos (Afghanistan, Albania and Algeria), criticizing the bad audio mixage and the lack of in-depth research in those videos.
  • Separated by a Common Language:
    • Inverted in the Bosnia and Herzegovina video. He explains that Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian are mutually intelligible, but they are treated as entirely different languages. He makes this comparison:
    "Hi, I'm speaking American!"
    "Hello, I am speaking British!"
    "Hi! I'm speaking Irish!"
    "Y'know, you guys all pretty much understand each other, you all kinda like say the same thing, aren't you all speaking the same..."
    "NO!!!"
    • Paul grew up in the Midwest, where soda is called "pop". He remarks it in the Cambodia video.
  • Shoo Out the Clowns: While Paul is known for his love of puns, the Israel episode has a distinct lack of them, as he wanted to deal with a delicate and controversial subject as seriously as possible.
  • Shout-Out: Sometimes Barby dabbles in these, sometimes with lampshading on how he does these to pander to the younger generation.
    • To demonstrate how different Finland is from the other Nordic countries, Barby compares the former to a heavy metal guitarist (played by Keith) while the others are presented as Queen Elsa skipping along going "La la la la la" (played by Barby).
    • He often compares the "Baltic sisters" Latvia and Lithuania with the creepy Grady twins from The Shining. The parody clip of the movie in the Lithuania episode has Estonia standing in for Danny.
    • Right before explaining all the wildlife of Madagascar, Paul opens it with "If you've ever watched any kind of documentary, or show, or incredibly accurate cartoon depiction of Madagascar..." along with the image of said cartoon depiction on screen.
    • The Marshall Islands episode opens with a poorly made parody of the Spongebob Squarepants theme song, due to the fact that Bikini Bottom is based on the real life Bikini Atoll, located on the Islands. The song parody also mentions Godzilla and its origin story of it being a nuclear experiment gone wrong in said Atoll.
  • Shown Their Work: Paul does a lot of research when making the videos, even when the facts can't fit in 14 minutes of video. He eventually points out things he left out either in the description, comment section, Flag Friday, or in "Geography More".
  • Slap-Slap-Kiss:
    • Croatia and Serbia.
    • This is also how Paul describes Austria's diplomatic relations with its neighbors.
  • Spin-Off: "Flag Dissection" became "Flag Fridays" (later "Fan Fridays") starting with Cuba. "Geography More" adds additional tidbits about countries that Paul couldn't fit into the main episode. "Geography Go" shows videos of his overseas travels beyond his home in Southern California.
  • Stylistic Suck:
  • Strictly Formula: See the description. Also frequently lampshaded in his videos, as on a couple occasions he expresses frustration about a fact that would have made a much better transition to the next topic had it been something else.
  • Take That, Audience!: In the China episode, Barby calls out on those who watch geography videos just to hear about controversies and border disputes by depicting them as overly-nerdy with thick-rimmed glasses and a nasally voice who starts shaking in excitement when Barby gets to China's border disputes.
    "This is why I watch Geography Now!"
  • That Cloud Looks Like...: Often Paul has a lot of fantasy when comparing a country's shape to something else. For example, he compared the shape of the island of Cuba with that of a vacuum cleaner, with Havana at the handle.
  • The "The" Title: Paul notes in the Gambia episode that yes, the official name of the country is "The Gambia" with a "the"; the Gambian people decided to add the "the" to avoid confusion with the very similarly named country Zambia.
  • The Unpronounceable: Half of the Iceland episode has Barby struggling to spell Icelandic words.
  • This Is Gonna Suck:
    • At the end of the Chile episode, he briefly shudders to the thought of having to cover China next.
    • Paul is clearly dreading having to address why just the name of Macedonia has been such a source of angry shouting matches. He even tried to skip out the Macedonia episode because of this reason.
    • In several videos prior to its release, Paul stated that the Israel episode would be this because of all the...shall we say, high levels of emotion surrounding it. Once he got through the meat of it, though, he ends up inverting the trope in regards to the North Korea episode since, now that he got through the whole Israel and Palestine thing, that one will seem much easier.
  • Title Sequence: A very abrupt one, opening with a shining globe that then bounces around a bunch of random facets of culture and people and cuisine, as the Geography Now title is shown along with the theme song playing, which then concludes with a random animal screaming the "NOW!" part of the song. The Limberwisk episode has Bob Saget standing in for the animal in the theme song, which gives you a hint as to what the episode is really all about.
  • Too Dumb to Live: In the Belarus video, Paul comments on the abandoned checkpoint between Ukraine and Belarus, near the Chernobyl disaster site, where people meet to contraband illegal goods and die because of radiations. Then Paul is shown doing this exact thing.
    Hey man, I've got that thing you want- (starts coughing up fake blood)
  • Unusual Euphemism: Since Barby tries to be family-friendly in his videos, he winds up saying that Greece is the most hey-heeeeey! active country in the word.
  • Vomit Indiscretion Shot: In the Belize video, Paul explains that Amber Gris is an ingredient for perfumes extracted from sperm whale vomit. Cue Paul imitating a vomiting whale.
  • Walk Like an Egyptian: Mohab, Paul's Egyptian friend who guest stars in the Egypt episode, does the walk when Paul explains about Egypt's most famous tourist attractions like the Giza Pyramids and the Sphinx. The disclaimer at the bottom left of the video during this segment says that it was Mohab's own idea to do it rather than him being told to.
  • What Could Have Been: In-Universe, when Barby laments about tweeting Rihanna to collaborate with the writing of the Barbados episode, but she never answered. Same story went for Lilly Singh and the India episode.
  • Your Princess Is in Another Castle!:
    • Paul sums up the entire Friend Zone section of Canada as "Canada is friends with everyone - the end" followed by a snippet of the ending credits as a joke before he comes back and does it properly.
    • He also sums up Ireland's Physical Geography section as "Ireland is green" and began the Demographics section right after, also as a joke.
    • Less happily, he tries to skip out on the rest of the FYROM video after finishing the Physical Geography section by pretending the remaining sections didn't exist because he really didn't want to talk about the name issue.

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