Creator / Universal

"A Comcast Company". note 

Universal Studios is one of the six major American movie studios. Its main motion picture production/distribution arm is called Universal Pictures. Universal Pictures is the second longest-lived Hollywood studio, dating all the way back to 1912. (Viacom-owned Paramount Pictures is the oldest by a month, although Universal's predecessor — the Independent Moving Pictures Company — still predates Paramount by about a year). Universal's headquarters, Universal City, was one of the first purpose-built studio lots ever built, and is now a major tourist attraction as well as a working studio. Universal is symbolized by an image of a globe, which has undergone many changes, the most recent being in 2012 for its 100th anniversary.

Universal has gone through several owners through the years; it narrowly avoided bankruptcy in the 1930s, merged with International Pictures in the 1940s, was bought out by Decca Records in 1952, then fell on hard times again and sold Universal City to talent agency MCA (whose Revue Studios TV production division was a huge success at the time, and needed the space) in 1958. MCA came back for the rest in 1962.

After pretty much inventing the modern blockbuster with Jaws in 1975, as well as producing a whole list of classic TV shows during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, MCA sold itself to Panasonic in 1990, but Panasonic (which didn't particularly like working with Hollywood and expected more stable profits) sold the company back off in 1997; it also dropped the MCA name at this time.

During this time, their Action Pack was an effort at creating a broadcast network that ended up little more than a syndication package for Xena: Warrior Princess and Hercules: The Legendary Journeys. Universal Interactive Studios was also established around this time, notably creating the Spyro the Dragon and Crash Bandicoot games; as was Universal Cartoon Studios, which mainly churned out DTV sequels to The Land Before Time, although it also made TV series, including cult hits Exosquad and Earthworm Jim.

After several more odd trades (including selling Universal TV and the USA Network to Barry Diller, then turning around and buying them back a few years later), one of which was with the Seagram conglomerate based in Montreal (who in turn merged them with the remnants of Polygram Filmed Entertainment), Universal ended up in the hands of French conglomerate Vivendi SA, who, in an effort to stem financial debt, then sold 80% stock in the studios, theme parks, cable networks (USA, Sci Fi Channel and the now-defunct Trio) and Universal TV to General Electric in 2004, where they were combined with the NBC properties to form NBC Universal, which GE sold more than half of their stock (51%) in 2011 to cable giant Comcast, after purchasing Vivendi's remaining stock (20%). Comcast acquired GE's shares in NBCUniversal in 2013, thus allowing GE to focus more on its industrial and financial businesses and officially making Comcast a media company. Universal Music Group is still owned by Vivendi; Universal Interactive has since been absorbed into Activision.

Universal established a reputation in the 1930s and 1940s for the production of horror films. Most of the "classic" movie monsters, such as Dracula, Frankenstein's Monster, the Wolf Man, the Mummy, The Invisible Man, the Bride of Frankenstein, The Phantom of the Opera and the Gill Man (aka the Creature from the Black Lagoon), are best known in their Universal incarnations. Another mainstay in this period was the Comedy Duo, Abbott and Costello, with both franchises combining in the late 1940s onward. In addition, Universal was the primary distributor of Walter Lantz's cartoons such as Woody Woodpecker. Its "art house" subsidiary, Focus Features, is responsible for distributing acclaimed films such as Brokeback Mountain, Being John Malkovich and Milk.

It was formerly the worldwide home entertainment distributor of DreamWorks films, from 1997 to 2005, when DreamWorks merged with Paramountnote , a merger that ultimately fell apart after three years. As part of DreamWorks splitting from Paramount, the studio attempted to reach a deal with Universal to distribute their movies. The negotiations fell apart and DreamWorks instead went to Disney (through Touchstone Pictures) for distribution in 2009. In December 2015, with DreamWorks' deal with Disney expiring the following year, DreamWorks and Universal kissed and made up and struck a new distribution deal as part of DreamWorks' reorganization efforts. Universal's first film under the DreamWorks deal, The Girl on the Train, was released on October 7, 2016.

In April 2016, former DreamWorks division DreamWorks Animation was bought by Universal parent company Comcast/NBCUniversal for $3.8 billion, which will make Universal the second Hollywood studio to own two distinct feature animation studios, with Disney being the first after their purchase of Pixar in 2006. With the expiration of 20th Century Fox's distribution contract with DWA in 2017, Universal is expected to assume permanent distribution rights to all DreamWorks Animation works, past and present, as a result.

On June 23rd, 2015, it was announced that Universal entered a multi year distribution deal with FUNimation, in which it will manage the distribution of all Funimation DVD and Blu-ray releases.

Not to be confused with Universal Studios, the parks based on the studio's properties (the company is legally known as "Universal Studios LLC" though).

Films produced include:

Live-Action TV Series produced by Universal:

Animated Series and shorts produced by Universal Cartoon/Animation Studios

Alternative Title(s): Universal Pictures