Written and directed by Paul Greengrass, United 93
was released into theaters five years after the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center towers and the Pentagon to much critical acclaim. As You Know
(we assume), the film is Based on a True Story
— in this case, on the story of United Airlines Flight 93, one of the four planes hijacked on the morning of September 11, 2001. After the hijackers had taken over the plane and word had reached the plane that the other hijacked planes have crashed into the Twin Towers, the passengers rose up and took out the terrorists, which resulted in a Heroic Sacrifice
when the plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania instead of its intended target (probably the Capitol or The White House
). The crash killed everyone aboard, but doubtlessly saved numerous more lives in the process.
Greengrass approached the daunting challenge of retelling the events of the titular flight with the same cautious, apolitical tone with which he guided Bloody Sunday
. He casted a number of largely unknown actors and real professionals
, then filmed the movie in a Faux Documentary
style using separate isolated stages. The final product plays out in Real Time
across its nearly two-hour running time.
While numerous critics denounced the film as Too Soon
, others lauded it as a gentle, much-needed catharsis.
United 93 contains examples of the following tropes:
- Artistic License - Physics: When the plane is moved from side to side, the actors roll accordingly - however when the plane is moved up and down, the actors don't move along with that. Simulating the weightlessness and things flying around the cabin can be expensive and/or dangerous to the actors.
- Autobiographical Role: In line with the Faux Documentary method, several of the air-traffic controllers and military officers are played by professionals who do those jobs for a living.
- Even more impressive is that they got Ben Sliney to re-enact his first day on the job.
- Based on a True Story: Since everyone on the plane died, artistic license had to be used in regards to the specifics of events on the plane, but otherwise everything outside the cabin is kosher.
- Bias Steamroller: Many critics and audience members were soured on the whole movie by the Villainous Valor.
- Bilingual Bonus: Many of the terrorist's conversations (both casual and panicked) are untranslated.
- Bittersweet Ending: Everyone dies, but their sacrifice prevents the terrorists from hitting their intended target.
- Black Dude Dies First: One of the two pilots is black. Guess.
- Call Forward: A very dark variety occurs in the first few minutes of the film as a camera focuses in on a storage yard with the Twin Towers in the background.
- Cluster F-Bomb: Triggered by two military aircraft being launched in the completely wrong direction.
- Double Meaning Title: The story is about United Airlines Flight 93, and how the passengers united against their aggressors.
- Downer Ending: See Based on a True Story.
- Dramatic Pause: As air-traffic controllers helplessly watch the near collision of United Airlines Flight 175 with a Delta Airlines aircraft in the area.
- Dying Moment of Awesome: The passengers fighting back.
- Family-Unfriendly Death:
- Faux Documentary
- First Day from Hell: Ben Sliney was literally just starting his first day at his new position.
- Fog of War: Confusion is the only constant in the movie. In an impressive feat of filmmaking, the narrative throughout the film remains coherent.
- Foregone Conclusion: Everybody knows how this will end.
- Foreshadowing: After taking off from Newark Liberty International Airport, the plane passes by Lower Manhattan, with one of the hijackers looking out the window at the Twin Towers.
- Gory Discretion Shot: Averted.
- Heroic BSOD: Everyone on the ground after United Airlines Flight 175 smashed into the South Tower.
- Improvised Weapon: One of the passengers uses a fire extinguisher as a bludgeoning tool, whereas the hijackers use a food cart and a fake bomb.
- Kill 'em All: See Based on a True Story.
- Live-Action Escort Mission: Getting the pilot to the cockpit from the back of the plane.
- Lockdown: 4,200 planes in the air. Who knew which ones had terrorists waiting to strike? Obviously, cue Operation Yellow Ribbon and shut down airspace for two days.
- Monumental Damage: See Based on a True Story.
- Mood Motifs:
- Horns of Battle
- Drums of Dread
- Strings of Suspense
- No Name Given: Very few of the passengers on the plane's names are mentioned. This was done for several reasons:
- Realistically, no one on the plane could have known they were part of a historic group, so they probably shared their names with the group of strangers about as much as anyone would on a routine flight — that is, not much.
- It prevents any specific character from becoming singled out as a hero. The film keeps Todd Beamer's famous "let's roll" line subtle, and it's hard to even tell which character is Todd Beamer until he says it.
- Obstructive Bureaucrat: For quite a while, no one can find the military liason at the National Air Traffic Control Center.
- Oh Crap: The beginning of the terrorist's Villainous Breakdown as they start losing control of the passengers.
- One Child Wail
- Playing the Heart Strings: As the Pennsylvania field rushes up towards the cockpit window, the sounds fade away to a single string chord at the moment of impact.
- Pre Ass Kicking One Liner: Subverted: Todd Beamer's famous utterance of "let's roll" was treated as an anxious throw-away line.
- Post-9/11 Terrorism Movie
- Present Day Past: On September 11, 2001, you would be hard pressed to find a billboard advertising Chicken Little (released in 2005), UPS' 2003 logo, and a 2004 Embraer Jet.
- Ramming Always Works: Discussed as one of the options by military officers after learning that the only fighter jets near a hijacked airliner were sent up without ordinance.
- Real Time: The entire film plays out in this way for the most part. (The plane spends a slightly longer amount of time in the air during the film than it did in real life.)
- Reality Ensues
- Refuge in Audacity: Accurately being depicted as the reason for slow response from official channels.
"When was the last time we had a hijack?"
"It's been quite a while..."
- Retirony: A variation in that he's taking a vacation, not a pension.
"My anniversary's coming up. I'm taking my wife to London for a couple days."
- Shown Their Work: All the inaccuracies of 9/11 were accurately portrayed. Rather than stripping down the confusion to make things easier for an audience to follow, all of the misinformed fragments are out there, just as it was in real life. Different groups referred to the wrong planes by the wrong numbers. There were differing reports on how many planes were out there. The news reported a fire on the National Mall when there was none.
- Storming The Cockpit
- Strawman European: There's a German fellow aboard who advocates that the passengers just let the terrorists do their task. When the passengers ignore him, he even goes so far as to shout a warning to the terrorists before being subdued by the passengers. This may very well reflect official policy on airlines prior to 9/11 that passengers should not interfere if there is a hijacking, as well as a cultural divide between Americans (who tend to refuse negotiation) and Europeans (whose hostage situations often ended with negotiated releases).
- Utopia Justifies the Means: The hijackers' motive.
- Villainous Breakdown
- Villainous Valor: In the final act, a tight-knit quartet of fit young men are desperately trying to stop a horde of dozens of relentless men surging at them from the back of the plane - the four men fall one by one despite their best efforts with hastily improvised weapons, each in turn being brutally beaten to death by the unflinching crowd. In any other movie, it would be a poignant Last Stand.
- Zerg Rush: The passenger's strategy.