History Creator / Universal

2nd Dec '17 9:13:16 AM CrypticMirror
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* ''Series/{{Quincy}}''

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* ''Series/{{Quincy}}''''Series/QuincyME''
30th Nov '17 3:53:30 AM KorenSteen
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* ''Film/KathyO''
29th Nov '17 8:27:51 AM Mdumas43073
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* ''Film/DestryRidesAgain''
18th Nov '17 4:12:11 PM Dancedom
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* ''Film/{{Greedy}}'' (with Creator/ImagineEntertainment)
16th Nov '17 5:16:40 PM themisterfree
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During TheGreatDepression, the studio fell in a crisis and narrowly avoided bankruptcy in the 1930s, which caused the Lammles to cede control of the studio to creditors. Universal then merged with International Pictures in the 1940s, and then was bought out by Decca Records in 1952. Despite a few successes with ''Film/TheKillers'' and the Creator/AbbottAndCostello films, it wasn't enough to keep them from falling on hard times again following the UsefulNotes/FallOfTheStudioSystem[[note]]One method that Universal did to stay in the black was to '''discard what mostly remained of their silent film catalog''', a move that would make film historians weep decades later. Consequently, only a fraction of Universal's silent film library survived, mostly thanks to bootlegging and film collections[[/note]], and Decca sold Universal City to talent agency MCA (whose Revue Studios TV production division was a huge success at the time, and needed the space) in 1958. MCA came back for the rest in 1962. MCA's purchase of Universal ended up giving the studio a much-needed boost to its film library, as MCA had purchased most of Paramount's pre-1949 sound features (which includes classics such as ''Film/TroubleInParadise'', ''Film/SullivansTravels'', and ''Film/HolidayInn'', among others) around the same time. This prevented Universal from selling a large chunk of their library to other companies, making them one of only four major film studios, along with Creator/ColumbiaPictures, Creator/TwentiethCenturyFox and Creator/{{Disney}}, to not have sold any major portion of their catalog (although Creator/WarnerBros got back their catalog when Time Warner acquired Turner Broadcasting System in 1996).

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During TheGreatDepression, the studio fell in into a crisis and narrowly avoided bankruptcy in the 1930s, which caused the Lammles Laemmles to cede control of the studio to creditors. Universal then merged with International Pictures in the 1940s, and then was bought out by Decca Records in 1952. Despite a few successes with ''Film/TheKillers'' and the Creator/AbbottAndCostello films, it wasn't enough to keep them from falling on hard times again following the UsefulNotes/FallOfTheStudioSystem[[note]]One method that Universal did to stay in the black was to '''discard what mostly remained of their silent film catalog''', a move that would make film historians weep decades later. Consequently, only a fraction of Universal's silent film library survived, mostly thanks to bootlegging and film collections[[/note]], and Decca sold Universal City to talent agency MCA (whose Revue Studios TV production division was a huge success at the time, and needed the space) in 1958. MCA came back for the rest in 1962. MCA's purchase of Universal ended up giving the studio a much-needed boost to its film library, as MCA had purchased most of Paramount's pre-1949 sound features (which includes classics such as ''Film/TroubleInParadise'', ''Film/SullivansTravels'', and ''Film/HolidayInn'', among others) around the same time. This prevented Universal from selling a large chunk of their library to other companies, making them one of only four major film studios, along with Creator/ColumbiaPictures, Creator/TwentiethCenturyFox and Creator/{{Disney}}, to not have sold any major portion of their catalog (although Creator/WarnerBros got back their catalog back when Time Warner acquired [[UsefulNotes/TedTurner Turner Broadcasting System Broadcasting]] in 1996).



During this time, their ''Creator/ActionPack'' was an effort at creating a broadcast network that ended up little more than a syndication package for ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess'' and ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''. Universal Interactive Studios was also established around this time, notably creating the ''Franchise/SpyroTheDragon'' and ''Franchise/CrashBandicoot'' games; as was Universal Cartoon Studios, which mainly churned out DTV sequels to ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime'', although it also made TV series, including cult hits ''WesternAnimation/{{Exosquad}}'' and ''WesternAnimation/EarthwormJim''.

After several more odd trades (including selling Universal TV and the Creator/USANetwork to Barry Diller, then turning around and buying them back a few years later), one of which was with the Seagram conglomerate based in UsefulNotes/{{Montreal}} (who in turn merged them with the remnants of Creator/PolygramFilmedEntertainment), Universal ended up in the hands of French conglomerate Vivendi SA; during their period of ownership they frequently co-produced movies with another Vivendi-owned firm, [=StudioCanal=] (operated by the Canal+ TV network). Most movies produced during this era didn't perform well or turned a small profit. Eventually, in an effort to stem financial debt, Vivendi sold 80% stock in the studios, theme parks, cable networks (USA, [[Creator/{{Syfy}} Sci Fi Channel]] and the now-defunct Trio) and Universal TV to General Electric in 2004, where they were combined with the Creator/{{NBC}} properties to form NBC Universal, which GE sold more than half of their stock (51%) in 2011 to cable giant [=Comcast=], after purchasing Vivendi's remaining stock (20%). Comcast acquired GE's shares in [=NBCUniversal=] (note the removal of the space) in 2013, thus allowing GE to focus more on its industrial and financial businesses and officially making Comcast a media company. Universal Music Group is still owned by Vivendi; Universal Interactive has since been absorbed into Vivendi-owned Creator/{{Activision}}.

Universal established a reputation in the 1930s and 1940s for [[Franchise/UniversalHorror the production of horror films]]. Most of the "classic" movie monsters, such as {{Dracula}}, FrankensteinsMonster, the WolfMan, the {{Mummy}}, TheInvisibleMan, the Film/BrideOfFrankenstein, The Phantom of the Opera and the Gill Man (aka the Film/CreatureFromTheBlackLagoon), are best known in their Universal incarnations. Another mainstay in this period was the ComedyDuo, Creator/AbbottAndCostello, with both franchises combining in the late 1940s onward. In addition, Universal was the primary distributor of Creator/WalterLantz's cartoons such as WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker. Its "art house" subsidiary, Creator/FocusFeatures (including Creator/GramercyPictures), is responsible for distributing acclaimed films such as ''Film/BrokebackMountain'', ''Film/BeingJohnMalkovich'' and ''Film/{{Milk}}''.

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During this time, Universal expanded through all sorts of different avenues, though their successes tended to be short-lived. Their ''Creator/ActionPack'' was an effort at creating a broadcast network that ended up little more than a syndication package for ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess'' and ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''. Universal Interactive Studios was also established around this time, notably creating the ''Franchise/SpyroTheDragon'' and ''Franchise/CrashBandicoot'' games; as was Universal Cartoon Studios, which mainly churned out DTV sequels to ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime'', although it also made TV series, including cult hits ''WesternAnimation/{{Exosquad}}'' and ''WesternAnimation/EarthwormJim''.

After several more odd trades (including selling Universal TV and the Creator/USANetwork to Barry Diller, then turning around and buying them back a few years later), one of which was with the Seagram conglomerate based in UsefulNotes/{{Montreal}} (who in turn merged them with the remnants of Creator/PolygramFilmedEntertainment), Universal ended up in the hands of French conglomerate Vivendi SA; during their period of ownership they frequently co-produced movies with another Vivendi-owned firm, [=StudioCanal=] (operated by the Canal+ TV network). Most movies produced during this era didn't perform well or only turned a small profit. Eventually, in an effort to stem financial debt, Vivendi sold 80% stock in the studios, theme parks, cable networks (USA, [[Creator/{{Syfy}} Sci Fi Channel]] and the now-defunct Trio) and Universal TV to General Electric in 2004, where they were combined with the Creator/{{NBC}} properties to form NBC Universal, which GE sold more than half of their stock (51%) in 2011 to cable giant [=Comcast=], after purchasing Vivendi's remaining stock (20%). Comcast acquired GE's shares in [=NBCUniversal=] (note the removal of the space) in 2013, thus allowing GE to focus more on its industrial and financial businesses and officially making Comcast a media company. Universal Music Group is still owned by Vivendi; Universal Interactive has since been absorbed into Vivendi-owned Creator/{{Activision}}.

Universal established a reputation in the 1930s and 1940s for [[Franchise/UniversalHorror the production of horror films]]. Most of the "classic" movie monsters, such as {{Dracula}}, FrankensteinsMonster, the WolfMan, the {{Mummy}}, TheInvisibleMan, the Film/BrideOfFrankenstein, The Phantom of the Opera and the Gill Man (aka the Film/CreatureFromTheBlackLagoon), are best known in their Universal incarnations. Another mainstay in this period was the ComedyDuo, Creator/AbbottAndCostello, with both franchises combining in the late 1940s onward. In addition, Universal was the primary distributor of Creator/WalterLantz's cartoons such as WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker. Its "art house" subsidiary, Creator/FocusFeatures (including the remnants of Creator/GramercyPictures), is responsible for distributing acclaimed films such as ''Film/BrokebackMountain'', ''Film/BeingJohnMalkovich'' and ''Film/{{Milk}}''.
2nd Nov '17 7:13:15 PM foxley
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* ''Film/CanyonPassage''
29th Oct '17 12:51:36 AM FactoidCow
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* ''Film/TheLonelyGuy''
24th Oct '17 10:32:13 AM Mdumas43073
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* ''Film/OneTouchOfVenus''
23rd Oct '17 7:32:20 PM Mdumas43073
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* ''Film/{{Hellzapoppin}}''
23rd Oct '17 12:59:19 PM Mdumas43073
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* ''Film/CobraWoman''
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Creator.Universal